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tv   Click  BBC News  January 30, 2021 12:30pm-1:01pm GMT

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firms to get permission, before exporting european—madejabs. the world health organization again warns against vaccine nationalism over the row about eu export controls. it is morally wrong. in terms of arresting the pandemic it won't help, and it won't also bring livelihoods back. the prime minister publishes an open letter to parents, saying he's "in awe" of the way they're coping with home schooling. confusion over coronavirus rules in maternity wards — midwives warn a lack of clarity means some staff are being abused. now, on bbc news, as remote medicine becomes more commonplace, click looks at easy
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to use, medical grade diagnostic devices that are becoming more widely available. this week — new ways to measure your vital signs in intensive care, orjust to save you a trip to the doctor. hey, welcome to click! hope you're well. hope you're coping ok with the not going out, the not seeing people, the home—schooling and that long wait for the vaccine. there's a heck of a lot going on at the moment, isn't there? lara, it looks like you've been keeping busy. you've been decorating — look! i have! i hope you like them! i've got to keep myself busy in lockdown. absolutely! no, they look lovely! thank you!
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i tell you, it's the most exciting thing to happen in the lewington household for months! now, of course, we are being encouraged to stay at home as much as possible, except in particular circumstances — and that includes if you need medical attention. that said, at the moment in the uk, most gp appointments are happening remotely, so that may be by telephone or online. but, of course, there are some examinations that really need to take place in person, so i've been looking at some of the technology that aims to be able to help you do them yourself. health—tracking devices are not new — especially those used to monitor chronic conditions. but the pandemic has encouraged the rise of innovative new kit. or sometimes, all you need is your smartphone. this app from uses the camera built into your smartphone, tablet or laptop to measure your vital signs in under a minute, just by looking at your face.
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so binah is actually actually analysing the tiny colour changes that are happening in your cheeks and forehead, and those tiny colour changes actually provide a clear indication regarding the blood flow behind your skin and by analysing the blood flow, then we are able to analyse and to understand what is your heart rate, what is your oxygen saturation, what is your respiration rate, and a lot of different body signs. over 100 million scans have already been done and thousands of doctors have been trialling the tool whilst it applies for widespread approvals. but to get a second opinion — and one from an actual doctor — i drafted in clare gerada, gp and former chair of the royal college of general practitioners. so under your skin, you have got millions of very small blood vessels and what this technology will be doing, no doubt, is actually pinning one of those down and picking up these various indices.
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another smartphone—based solution could be this. lmd's tiny device can track your blood pressure just by holding your finger down on it. its sensors track the pressure that you are putting on, along with what the vessels look like under the skin. but the eventual aim is to have this built into mobile phones. when you measure your blood pressure with a normal cuff — around your arm — what it does is squeeze and compress the arm against the pressure of the blood. we do exactly the same, except we use the arteries here in the tip of the finger. and when you put your finger on the device, like that, it tells you on the screen to push harder or softer. it did take quite a few goes to get a reading, but the company is improving its set of simple games to help you focus on getting it right, and clinical trials are under way. you've mentioned how beneficial this could be to people who know they need to be
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taking their blood pressure readings, but how about healthy people? it would be very, very useful to be picking up people that we don't normally see in our surgery, till they run into problems. sometimes your phone may need a bit of help, though. this smartphone—connected device helps to aim ——aims to help you when you're having a remote doctor's appointment. now, it comes with attachments that help you look inside your ear or inside your throat, even a stethoscope, plus simpler functions by being able to take your temperature. an app helps you record your findings and send them to a doctor. or if your healthcare provider is signed up, you can do live video calls where they take control. heart is awesome! let's go to spot 2. ah, great! go directly across... a lot of schools around the us and europe are starting to use tyto as a mini clinic. we have visiting nurses- services that they are using tyto, so it is not always - at the home level, it is also the community level.
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tytocare has been clinically validated by universities and hospitals in the us and israel. it's also been trialled by the uk's national health service. but not everyone is convinced that parents should be buying their own $300 device. what do you think of a device like this which actually takes on some of the physical elements of what a doctor would generally need to do? i think that if you are a worried parent, number one you probably would not have one. if you are anxious, where you're looking for the bits in the midst of being unwell, i think you won't find there's much usage. where it may be useful is if we are trying to monitor a patient at home. so if i have seen a patient, say, on a friday morning and i'm a little bit concerned — is this child unwell or not unwell? — i might give — lend a patient�*s parents that machine and then have much more detail about the patient�*s condition. but moving forward, do you think that these things are still going to stay with us? there will be as much
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enthusiasm in the future? covid has really done a paradigm shift. saying that, i don't ever think it will get beyond 60% of consultations will start and finish online. i think there will still be a large number of patients that see their doctor face—to—face for all sorts of reasons. all around the world, medical staff are having the toughest time trying to deal with a virus that attacks the body in new ways. patients on ventilators need to be heavily sedated whilst a lot of machinery is used to monitor their vitals to allow doctors to respond appropriately at the right time. well, paul carter has this report from madrid, where medics have been showing us how they have taken some existing technology and used it in new ways to help improve survival rates. like many countries around the world, spain's intensive care units are dealing with high numbers of cases of covid—i9.
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at two hospitals in madrid, they are making use of a system that can help monitor critically ill patients. it monitors a person's autonomic nervous system which unconsciously regulates body processes including breathing, blood pressure and heart rate. it enables doctors to see at a glance the levels of pain or distress a patient may be in while sedated. this is the intensive care department of puerta de hierro hospital. right now in this room, we have i! covid—i9 patients. the systems are really easily applied. for the pain monitor, it's just two stickers that are going to register the activity, the electrical activity of the heart, and they are attached by this really simple cable to the monitor. it gives you mainly two numbers. there's one number that correlates with the immediate pain of the patient. and there is a second number that is a median of the different pain scores that the machine has recorded for the last three minutes.
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it has helped us because it is really simple to interpret. you walk into the room and you exactly know if your patient is in pain or not and it makes it easier to adjust the pain medication. because we are always in fear that our patients might suffer pain, but we also need to realise that it's very important for them to not be overdosed on opioids. doctors say pain levels would normally be measured by assessing a number of measurements separately, while the system in use here allows for greater detail. the challenge for doctors is finding the right balance between keeping a patient comfortable while still enabling their nervous system to help the body fight back against the effects of the virus. translation: at the severe stages of the disease, - when artificial respiration is needed, it is necessary
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to heavily sedate and even paralyse the patient. the key is to anaesthetise the patient. this does not mean to switch their brain off, but to reduce brain activity — and that is why this technology is so important, because it allows us to control the amount of sedation on analgesia, avoiding both overdosing and underdosing. this system does not replace the role of drugs and other types of therapies available to treat the sickest of patients. rather, it is an additional tool in the arsenal available to intensive care doctors as we continue to learn more about treating this illness. hello and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that facebook news, the social media giant's personalised news tool, launched in the uk following a us roll—out last year. german drone firm wingcopter said it will start delivering coronavirus vaccines by air, with pilots launching in south east asia and africa in the coming months. and google stopped work on its virtual painting app
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tilt brush. launched in 2016, this will live on as an open source project. ford's electric scooter arm spin unveiled a new three—wheeled model. a fleet of up to 300 scooters will be piloted in idaho this spring, complete with controls that let vehicles be moved from afar, and even wheeled to users on demand. the makers of humanoid droid sophia the robot say this and three other models are going into mass production. hello, everyone. sophia can imitate human gestures and uses ai for general reasoning and went viral when unveiled by hanson robotics in 2016. and finally, the hip bone's connected to the... ..3d printer? scientists in australia have made an ink that can 3d—print bone—like structures with living cells. the ceramic—based fluid must be squeezed into a gel bath with cells to set, and could mend damaged bones during surgery. now, that's what i call
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�*bone' fide science! last monday was burns night, when scots everywhere celebrate the birth, life and poetry of their national bard, robert burns. yeah, he wrote, amongst some other things, this... # for auld lang syne... auld lang syne, of course traditionally sung on new year's eve — hogmanay if you are in scotland. and in scotland right now is our very nick kwek! hello, nick! look at you! well, hello there! how's it going? you alright? yes, i am in bonny scotland and of course, i am wearing traditional garb. yeah, keep that well under wraps, if you would not mind, sir. listen, where are you? well, i'm in the one place many a scot hold dear to their heart — the whisky distillery! laughter. i can't wait to tuck into some of that later on. but anyway, as it is burns night, it is the one time
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of the year where it is socially acceptable to drink whisky with your dinner. i see! how was your burns night? well, it was pretty bizarre, to be honest. it went virtual for the first, and hopefully the last time, and obviously, there is a lot of people up here with a lot of time on their hands, so one phd student from glasgow decided to train an al to write poetry in the style of the great bard himself. ok, can we hear a bit of that now? reads poem. wow! tech meets tradition! speaking of which — spencer, you've been testing some whisky that was blended by an artificial intelligence? yeah, that's right — and this is being made in the traditional home of whisky, sweden. what?! ok, look, sweden is actually very new to whisky making. a couple of hours north
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of stockholm in the town of gavle, ifound angela d'orazio. now, she is mackmyra whisky�*s master blender, although i prefer her other title, cno — chief nose officer — and she is going to explain how her latest gold award—winning whisky was given a helping hand — well, or nose — by a computer. the distilling process that you see behind me, that is where we start. that is something that gives us the clear stuff that looks like water that is very strong — it's about 70% of alcohol. the taste of the new—made spirit have a malty character. then you also get the taste from the stuff that ferments it, so the yeast that we are using is the same yeast that everybody bakes with in sweden, sweet cakes, and we get a very fruity, light kind of fruity aromatic tone from the yeast. after distillation, the liquid
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is aged for years in oak casks, where it absorbs the flavour from the wood. slowly, slowly, the alcohol evaporates from this living material that oak is. you get the taste of the oak and the colour of the oak. but the next part of angela's job where she decides how to blend the contents of different casks together became the subject of a machine learning experiment. when i make a blend, i have an idea of what i will use and then i test blend it, so i might take a base of bourbon and then i will take a few samples of something else. so i will do a complexity of tastes and aromas
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in this blend. and then i can see i used to much of that new american oak. i can see in this blend, i will have to use a little less of that and that process can take days and weeks. so tech start—up fourkind offered to create software to see if a computer could do the blending job instead. all the info about her previous recipes, cask information, tasting notes, reviews and awards were fed into the algorithm to see if it could come up with a new blend also worthy of a prize. the a! program gave me very many recipe suggestions, which in the beginning were very strange and very odd and not at all something i would like to use. for example, it said use very
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little from 500 casks and that is like not a thing that you would do. so we narrowed down the possibilities while we went along and i got a hundred recipes and i looked at them and said no, then i got a hundred more then a hundred more, and then in the end, i singled out five recipes that i thought were nice. the result is a whisky called intelligens — what else. and it did win two awards in the us. so is it any good? i'm not really into whisky so i had a bottle sent to someone with a much better sense of it all than me — my dad. he got the taste buds and i got the hair. the colour is certainly a whisky colour. laughs. intelligens is not meant to taste like any other whisky in particular but i did ask dad how it compared to his favourite scottish single malt. definitely a more concentrated flavour.
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whereas this one...fuller. he coughs a fuller flavour. but it's enjoyable, you couldn't drink much of it i don't think. at the moment there are no plans to make another batch. good news for human master blenders i feel, but bad news for my dad because he won't get any more whisky to try for a while. back home i'm at the glenturret, the oldest distillery in scotland, a title fiercely defended. here they certainly like to do things the old—fashioned way. it's the last remaining scottish distillery to rouse mash by hand. weavers are pulled and pipes manually positioned to fill the handcrafted wooden wash bags. you see the passion that goes into it, the blood sweat
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and tears that goes into making the whisky, and you can feel it, almost smell in the whisky. cutting, is a process affecting the alcohol percentage and spirit clarity, is done by eye. brian knows when the time is just right. the spirit's safe is so ancient, the workers do not know how old it is. they think it is half a century or so. when it comes to casks, individually nosed and sniffed before collected, an instinct fine—tuned over decades. most importantly, they have got two cats on resident, so there are no mouse loose about this house. as if sweden wasn't enough, but imagine the reaction when i told the manager here about silicon valley concocting the drinks in labs. it goes against all the grains of my body i have to say, to do that. i think there is a lot of romance in it, that is for sure, but once you come to a place like this and look
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around an open these casks and you smell them, can you replicate that in a laboratory? i certainly don't think so. well, james clayton has been to visit a team in california reducing the secret ageing process down to a handful of days. welcome to the bespoken spirits, a number of small start—ups on a mission to revolutionise the spirits industry. i met martin and stu, the founders of the company. a couple of different samples and we're looking at the some of the attributes of aroma. this has more of that furfural than this one does so this one will have more of a nuttiness than this one. another one might have higher amounts of vanillin than another one which means it will have a higher smell or taste of vanilla. so you can be that exact? exactly. those are things we can engineer in each subsequent iteration of the recipe. whisky making is a bit of a science but here they have taken that to a whole
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new level. here, stu explains the process from start to finish. we have three main elements that we use creating those recipes. the first is the source spirit itself, the second element is the wood, and here what we do is we operate with what we call microstaves, which are small pieces of wood. and each microstaves is roughly one 25,000th the size of a barrel and we start with adding an extra microstaves. we can mix and match these microstaves to get the recipes we want, kind of like spices. and then when we have that microstaves mixture selected, we then choose how we're going to toast and char those microstaves. then we take it and put them together in our machine which we call the activator, then we can control the environment in the machine to precisely influence
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when and how the chemical reactions occur. we have over 17 billion combinations we can use in creating our recipes, and it typically takes three ? five days to get the end result we are looking for. some of the process uses technology they say is market sensitive that they wouldn't show me. but they claim that the spirits they make, things like whisky and rum, arejust as good as the real thing. we have got three different samples here of our bespoken products here. this was our original flagship product, the first product we made and the first to win industry awards. this is a japanese—style whisky in the sense that it is more floral and aromatic and fruity, whereas this one is more of a classic urban style whisky, vanilla and caramel and woody notes. i will try this. i'm getting nuts from this, is that a thing? is it nutty? is it? we are not making synthetic spirits here, we'rejust controlling the traditional
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elements in the traditional process in a very precise way to get precise results, and thereby unlock so much more power and craft to the distillery. today on the whiskyjug, we're going to be doing the last class review of the... ok, so i'm clearly not a spirits expert byjosh peters is. he's a respected whisky expert and writes the whiskyjug blog. he believes this kind of technology can make good spirits but when it comes to replicating the ageing process, it's not quite there. i'm yet to have a whisky from one of these that i thought tasted like a true oak aged spirit. i have had some great rums though. things like rums, underaged products, end up tasting very good. but anything that requires that barrel ageing, i have yet to have anything that replicates or comes even close to it. they will probably do very well with things like cocktails. you can make some really cool and interesting things with them but i don't think they're going to be replacing the liquid that i want to, at the end of the day,
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pour into a glass and drink on its own. companies like bespoken spirits don't actually need to convince everyone they're onto a winner. they're looking for a fraction of a multibillion dollar industry. if they can convince just i% of people who drink spirits that this is the future, they'll be cheersing to that. that was james clayton in silicon valley and i would imagine that report has annoyed a lot of people. let's go back to nick in scotland who is... oh, not there right now. oh no, what have we done, where is he? right, does anybody have a straw? oh, that's it, i don't know when we're going to see nick again. maybe next burns night or the morning after.
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that is it from us for now. as ever, you can keep up with the team on social media, find us on youtube, instagram, facebook and twitter at bbc click. thanks for watching, we'll see you soon. bye— bye. hello there. we have got a big mixture of weather to come through the rest of today. conditions varying a lot from place to place. satellite pictures there shows an area of low pressure, this cloud pushing slowly northwards, and these weather fronts, as they move their way northwards, are starting to bump into colder air. so we have seen the rain turn to snow across parts of wales, we have seen a bit of snow in the midlands, as well for a time, so we could see some localised disruption for these areas through the rest of today.
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some settling snow has already fallen across parts of flintshire, denbighshire and we have also seen snow in the west midlands, but it's across higher parts of wales that we have the greatest risk of transport disruption today. to the north of this, for most of northern england and northern ireland and scotland, the weather is bright, with some sunny spells around this afternoon, a few showers around eastern areas, but it's cold. temperatures at best around five or so. so the main risk of seeing any disruptive snow today is mainly across parts of wales, where we could see 15 centimetres across some higher elevation areas, bringing a significant risk of transport disruption, but there could be snow for a time in the midlands, causing a few problems as well. overnight, that rain and snow mixture clears southwards with clearing skies following, it's going to be a cold night, with a widespread frost around, and the risk of some icy patches then to take things on into sunday. sunday, i think broadly speaking, many areas of the uk will have a bright day, with spells of sunshine.
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but we do have this weather system trying to push in off the atlantic and that will tend to threaten thicker cloud and some rain across parts of wales and south—west england, perhaps some of that turning to snow for a time as well as the day progresses. the rain band not far away from northern ireland, might just about stay dry until later in the day and most of scotland, for much of england, it's bright with some sunshine, but after that, colder start, those temperatures are more slow to rise, a colder day overall, with temperatures typically around 2—4. the cold weather with us again on monday, and again we have got these weather fronts trying to push an off the atlantic and they could bring some rain, perhaps with the risk of some snow across central portions of the uk. the weather is going to be driest in scotland but here it is still cold and after that frosty and icy start temperatures again really struggling. highs of four so. turns milder across southern parts of england and wales as we head towards the middle part of the week.
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an absolutely stunning goal!
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good afternoon. there's been criticism of the european commission from politicians across the uk in an escalating row over vaccines supplies. late on friday night, the commission reversed a decision which would have over—ridden part of the brexit agreement by imposing controls on the export of coronavirus vaccines from the eu into northern ireland — a move which could have seen checks on its border with the republic of ireland. the first minister of northern ireland accused the brussels of an "incredible act of hostility".
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our political correspondent leila nathoo reports.


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