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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 23, 2021 9:00pm-9:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm lukwesa burak with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. india's health care system buckles, as a record surge in covid cases puts pressure on hospital beds and drains oxygen supplies. the fatal stabbing of a police woman near paris is investigated as a terrorist offence. a new malaria vaccine is hailed as a potential breakthrough as early trials prove it to be 77% effective. the jailed kremlin critic alexei navalny is ending his hunger strike after more than three weeks. the architect of britain's brexit policy, dominic cummings, turns on his former ally — the prime minister, borisjohnson — saying he lacks competence and integrity.
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india has recorded more than 330,000 new coronavirus cases in the past 2a hours, setting a world record for the second day in a row. over 2000 more people have died. india's hospitals are buckling under the strain, with oxygen running short and beds in many hospitals completely full. from delhi, here's our india correspondent, yogita limaye. the front line — an emergency room in a covid hospital. just about standing under the weight of an unfolding disaster. a patient who's hardly breathing is brought in.
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as nurses tried to get him to respond, there's another person, even more critical. they couldn't revive him. to get past the shortage of beds, they've packed in stretchers, wheelchairs, as many as they can. but the first line of treatment against covid—19 is oxygen. and they've almost run out. at this point, there was just one hour of supply left. the staff knows how many lives hang in the balance. people are being turned away, but they don't know where they'll find oxygen or a bed. manura bibi was taken in for a short while to stabilise her. "we've already been to five hospitals. "where will poor people like us go," her nephew asks.
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but this hospital is so on the brink, they have to leave. the intensive care unit is full, too. there are next to no icu beds in a city of 20 million. these are patients in a critical condition. it's unthinkable, unimaginable that one would think of them as better off in any way, but it's the reality of what we're seeing in india. people in an icu have won the first battle to be here. between seeing his patients, the doctor, constantly on calls. back—up, another couple of hours. so we are struggling, we are struggling. he's desperately trying to get more oxygen. we are running out of oxygen. the whole country's running out of oxygen, 0k? the city is, we are, everybody is, ok? so, please focus on that, please. you're doing a fantastic job otherwise, 0k? please. 0k, all of you remember that.
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if oxygen runs out, there is no leeway for many patients. there is no leeway, they will die. some oxygen arrived a bit later, but it can only last a few hours. then the struggle begins again. yogita limaye, bbc news, delhi. india is not alone in having to deal with another major surge of coronavirus. japan today issued a state of emergency in some parts of the country including tokyo just three months before the olympics. the virus, which has already killed more than 3 million people worldwide, is putting a huge strain on health care systems. with no end in sight, the availability of vaccines is crucial, as our health correspondent catherine burns reports. getting ready for the weekend — the uk is slowly opening up and coming out of lockdown, but this is a global pandemic, and our new normal doesn't reflect
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the story around the world. at the other end of the scale, india is being called a devastating reminder of what the virus can do. they're burning bodies in mass cremations. volunteers are helping with funeral ceremonies. even if it is night, we will try to finish the last burial for the day, because no mortuaries will keep the body. it's been another day of record cases. the spike in numbers recently has been dramatic. there are almost 20 times more cases now than at the start of march, but around the world, across that time, numbers have been rising. in turkey, it's six times more. in argentina, cases have gone up four times. for iran, it's three times bigger. and in germany, they're about to start another lockdown because numbers there have more than doubled. it's not good enough to say that inequity isjust
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the way the world is. it's not ok that people just like you and me die when we have the tools that could save them. this map shows how vaccines have been rolled out around the world. it starts off white before any doses are given. as you can see, the united kingdom is one of the first countries to change colour, to light blue. now, the darker the colour, the more people have been vaccinated. soon, the united states and other countries follow as almost a billion doses are given out globally, but not everywhere. the lightest bits of the map, like huge chunks of africa, are either countries where they haven't recorded any data or have vaccinated less than 0.2% of the population. and let's just take the darkest blue bits — the places where more than 20% of people have been vaccinated. you can see how uneven the spread is. science is only good i
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if you get it to society, and that society, i'm afraid, with a global pandemic, - is the global society, - and we need to get those diagnostics, those treatments, those vaccines critically - to countries around the world. it's enlightened self—interest. that's notjust because it's the ethical thing to do as we enjoy new freedoms. when virus levels are high, the more likely it is to mutate, and the worry is that new variants could make vaccines less effective. catherine burns, bbc news. the french national anti—terrorist prosecutor has taken charge of an inquiry into the fatal stabbing of a policewoman near paris. police officers shot dead the tunisian attacker after he stabbed her in the throat at the entrance of a police station in rambouillet, south—west of the capital. paying tribute to the 49—year—old officer, the prime minister, jean castex, said france had lost one of its everyday heroines to a barbaric and cowardly act. translation: my first thoughts go to the family of this official - and to all those close to her.
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i came to the scene immediately with the interior minister to give all our support to the officers and officials of the rambouillet police station, who as you can imagine, have been very hard hit by what's happened. i want to pay a great tribute to the police officers who managed to immediately neutralise the perpetrator. i want to say to all french people that our determination to fight against terrorism in all its forms is more intact than ever. earlier, journalist anne—elisabeth moutet told me what happened. the attack happened in the early afternoon at the police station in rambouillet, which is a leafy town in west paris of 26,000 inhabitants. and a man walked in with a knife and at the same time, a woman police officer was coming back from her lunch break,
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and he stabbed her in the throat twice and that was enough to put her first in shock and then to kill her. there were other policemen in the station, and one of them shot him with three bullets, and he died as well. and in the meantime, there was immediately an investigation. he's a 36—year—old tunisian national who got legalised as somebody allowed to live and reside and work in france two years ago. he had apparently been looking at radical websites online. he shouted "allahu akbar" when he stabbed nathalie. so the anti—terrorist specialjudicial unit is now working on this. they've arrested three people. we don't know their names, but they're currently under interrogation in paris. and was it those comments in arabic that have led to the anti—terrorism police now heading up the investigation?
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because there is a significance to that, isn't there? well, "allahu akbar" means "allah is great" and that is the same shout that has happened in several other acts of terrorism including at the bataclan, where they killed hundreds. and they went and looked at his computer and he had been checking out radical websites, so it was pretty obvious that he was planning this. the security cameras also showed that he'd been looking at the police station for a few days before, so he was basically casing the joint. it was pretty obvious that this was not suddenly somebody going mad, but something quite premeditated. a malaria vaccine has proved to be 77% effective in early trials and could be a major breakthrough against the disease. a50 children in burkina faso participated in the trial. the next stage will increase the sample to a800 children.
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malaria kills at least 400,000 people a year, mostly children in sub—saharan africa. but despite many vaccines being trialled over the years, this is the first to meet the required target. the bbc�*s rhoda 0dhiambo reports. the news out of this lab could save thousands of lives. for the past year, researchers at this institute outside of 0uagadougou have been testing r21, a potential vaccine against malaria. it is amazing, because in this world, we have never seen a malaria vaccine that is so high—level. so, for me, i think this is really the success story of my life. burkina faso was chosen for the study because of the high number of malaria cases, especially among children. other african countries face similar challenges.
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there is a lot of investment in malaria control in africa, in burkina faso, everywhere, but so far, cases are still high. and, of course, with the vaccine, we can reduce these cases by 70%. of course, we will be very close to end the malaria in africa. malaria is one of the leading causes of child mortality in africa, and more than 400,000 people worldwide died from the disease in 2019. african countries and international donors have invested billions into eradicating it, but recent progress has stalled. a previous vaccine released in 2015 took nearly 30 years to develop and is less than 50% effective. r21 is potentially much more effective and could also be cheaper. the cost of a single dose will be pegged at less than $3 us.
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the new vaccine was developed in conjunction with thejenner institute at oxford university. the team there will move to phase three trials next. thousands of people in burkina faso, mali, kenya and tanzania will participate. traditionally, it would take two or three or four or even five years to get approval after you start your phase three trial. during that time, we know hundreds of thousands of african children are going to die every year. is there therefore not a case for an emergency use approval of a malaria vaccine in the same way african regulators have approved emergency use authorisation of the covid vaccines? if approved, roll—out could begin quickly. the world's largest vaccine manufacturer, the serum institute of indian, has already agreed to manufacture 200 million doses. it could have a huge impact on malaria across the world. rhoda 0dhiambo, bbc news, nairobi.
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the jailed russian opposition activist alexei navalny says he will begin gradually ending the hunger strike he started 2a days ago. in an instagram post, the kremlin critic said he'd now been seen twice by civilian physicians and undergone tests. here's sarah rainsford in moscow. they say that they'd seen some blood test results that were really quite alarming and suggested he was in extreme danger, that his condition was critical and indeed it's because of those results that doctors from his team called on mr navalny publicly to end his hunger strike. and what we got today was a response to that from mr navalny saying that he couldn't ignore their concern, the fact that they'd said if he didn't end his protest and there would be nothing left of him to treat. so he said that he would end the protest and also, a key point,
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he said huge progress had been made because of the pressure of his supporters, the pressure from abroad about his case. he said he'd been allowed to see doctors from a local hospital, two teams of doctors, or rather one team of doctors who had been to see him twice, so a number of specialists who had done a series of tests on him and were sharing their results with him for the first time. so he seems a lot more comfortable that he is at least getting the treatment that he needs and his team seem far more calm that his condition now is not critical. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, ahead of this sunday's 0scars ceremony, we talk to the real—life wanderers from this year's movie frontrunner nomadland. music. the stars and stripes at half—mast outside columbine high — the school sealed off, the bodies of the dead still inside.
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i never thought that they would actually go through with it. one of the most successful singer—songwriters of all time, the american pop star prince, has died at the age of 57. ijust couldn't believe it. i didn't believe it. he wasjust here saturday. for millions of americans, the death of richard nixon in a new york hospital has meant conflicting emotions — a national day of mourning next wednesday sitting somehow uneasily with the abiding memories at the shame of watergate. and lift—off of the space shuttle discovery, with the hubble space telescope, our window to the universe. this is bbc news. the latest headlines —
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india has reported its highest number of new daily infections, more than 330,000 cases. industrial oxygen is now having to be used in hospitals as stocks run out. the fatal stabbing of a policewoman near paris is investigated as a terrorist offence. the british prime minister's former top adviser, dominic cummings, has launched an attack on his old boss, borisjohnson. dominic cummings, who was one of the architects of brexit, said it was sad to see the prime minister fall so far below the standards of competence and integrity the country deserves. mr cummings made the comments after he was accused by a government source of leaking damaging text messages between mrjohnson and a businessman, which he denies. 0ur political correspondent
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greg dawson explains why this story is so explosive and potentially damaging for the british prime minister. this is a denial, but it's a fact that it's such an explosive denial and a personal attack on the prime minister and his office. these two men worked closely together for several years. let's just go through the denial first of all regarding the leak of text messages between borisjohnson and sirjames dyson. this was relating to james dyson's staff coming to the uk to produce ventilators. the bbc reported on that and the information gleaned from those text messages. today, dominic cummings has denied he was part of that leak. he said he does have text messages relating to dyson's business with the government, but it's much more related to the ventilators and to covid policy. it has nothing to do with the tax issues the bbc has been reporting on earlier this week. now, there's also a second leaked story that dominic cummings touches on. cast your mind back to november last year, and there was leaked information that borisjohnson
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was on the verge of announcing a second lockdown in england. that led downing street to launch an inquiry into who was behind that leak. now, mr cummings says he was cleared of that along with the director of communications at the time, but he goes on the say in his blog that the prime minister doesn't want or didn't want an inquiry into the leak because it could cause him great personal difficulty. there is a third issue that dominic cummings raises in this blog, and that is the issue of the renovation of the downing street flat where he resides with his partner, carrie symonds. now, it's been reported for months that carrie symonds wasn't happy with the decor in this flat and that she hired an expensive interior designer. dominic cummings is claiming that the prime minister planned to have donors pay for the secret renovation of the flat.
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mr cummings said the pm stopped talking to him about the issue. i am quoting from the blog saying the plans were "unethical, foolish, possibly illegal and almost certainly broke the rules on proper disclosure of political donations if conducted in the way he intended". now, earliertoday, before this statement was released, the government said that the costs of the wider refurbishment of that flat in downing street had been met by the prime minister personally. the state funeral of chad's president, idriss deby, has taken place in the capital n'djamena. he was killed by rebels during clashes in the north of the country. clarisse fortune reports. thousands of people gathered in a main square in chad's capital, n'djamena, to pay their last respects for the one who has been their president for the last 30 years. his coffin draped in the nationalflag. among the mourners, his wife of16 years, hinda deby, who said an emotional goodbye.
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translation: help us to keep the joy. - life has decided your departure, and i must say goodbye. the chadian people have loved you and give you to god. also in attendance, french president emmanuel macron, the only western head of state at the funeral, a long—time ally in the war against islamist militants. translation: france will never let anyone question and will never - let anyone threaten, either today or tomorrow, chad's stability and integrity. before the ceremony, macron and his counterparts from burkina faso, mali, mauritania and niger met with deby�*s son, mahamat. they expressed their support for his government and a civilian military transition within 18 months. the 37—year—old mahamat idriss deby
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was named head of state by the military council after the parliament was dissolved, a move described by opposition leaders as a coup. president idriss deby�*s demise, right after securing a sixth term in a recent presidential election, has raised concerns about the security situation within the country and region. clarisse fortune, bbc news. the academy awards are taking place this weekend in la. one of the frontrunners for best picture is nomadland, with six 0scar nominations. 0ur west coast correspondent sophie long has been out to the nevada desert to meet some of america's real nomads. nomadland is the story of one widow's journey through grief and the american west.
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but it's a story that resonates with many who dwell in the vans that dot the desert landscape here. it's kind of simpatico with fern�*s story. my husband died, and we don't have kids. so ijust sold everything and just thought i would travel for a little bit and fell in love with it. and i can't see me living a different way now. grief is not uncommon amongst the nomad community. my daughter had passed away from brain cancer. and somehow ijust intuitively knew that i needed to hit the road, even though that's something i had never done in my entire life. some are here through choice, others through necessity. together they form a community of freedom—lovers who want to camp alone, alongside others. we not only accept - the tyranny of the dollar... bob wells was forced into it after divorce devastated him economically. but he fell in love with it, and now teaches others to do the same,
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as well as playing himself in a film with six 0scar nominations. it was amazing. the thing that really stands out to me i is how well they captured the nomadic life. - every detail of it is spot on. none of it is fake or hollywood—ised in any way, shape or form. - it's really, really accurate. acutely accurate and emotional for those who have travelled the same path through pain to healing. was it difficult for you to watch? mm—hm. yeah. but in a good way. we both started our journeys similarly. and she's so happy. and i'm so happy. why does that make me cry? i don't know! but, like, i think that's the best part of it, it just shows joy through it. most of us in this lifestyle use a five—gallon bucket. it also made stars of nomads who helped a female director make history. it didn't feel like we were subjects to be filmed. we were people who had
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a story to tell. i'm so happy for the film—makers. and i'm happy for us. i mean, like i said, i think itjust shows our heart and the reality of this lifestyle. sarah meg has a condition which presents extra challenges when living in a car in a desert that isn't paved. i finally saw my life | on a regular movie. and i wasjust like, l "oh, my gosh, that's so weird and so neat," _ because people don't normally see the beauty of this life. they don't see the landscapes and the animals and the - beautiful places- that we get to camp. and i love that the movie - nomadland showed all of that beauty, because that's why we do this. - that's why i do it. nomadland is dedicated to those finding joy in a journey, the ones that had to depart. and don't ever say a final goodbye. let'sjust say, "i'll- see you down the road."
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sophie long, bbc news, the nevada desert. you have been watching bbc news. good evening. the dry weather that has persisted for much of april so far is set to continue through the weekend and into the start of next week. as well as that, it's pretty cold air, so we're seeing some night—time frosts. but such is the strength of the april sunshine. we had 21 degrees celsius in porthmadog in north west wales during the day, and we had high levels of uv in the south because we barely had a cloud in the sky and the sun at this time of year as strong as it is in late august. now, the dry weather's with us because of high pressure, but itjust subtly moves a little further north through the weekend, allowing more isobars, so more wind to develop in southern areas, and that will obviously accentuate the chill. that wind is with us in southern areas through the night, but there'll be a little bit of mist and fog elsewhere that'll be around the dawn period, and that breeze not enough to prevent a frost.
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although it won't be quite as widespread as it was last night, there'll still be patchy frost around, so farmers and growers beware. in fact, it's something that we'll have with us through the weekend as well. although staying fine by day, it's still chilly air and it's likely to result in some local frosts. there could be a bit more cloud around as well in eastern areas during the day on saturday. still some thicker cloud for the northern isles, the odd light shower here, but for most of us once again, lots of unbroken sunshine, strong sunshine. but with the breeze starting to turn and come off the north sea around that high pressure for eastern areas and that brisk wind in southern parts, temperatures will be down a degree or two on those of today. and it's partly because the sea is so cold at this time of year — the lowest temperatures occur at this time of year, the highest temperatures, late summer. if you've got a wind coming in off just 8 degrees of the north sea, you're clearly not going to attain the 18 and 19 further inland. there'll still plenty of sunshine and dry and bright weather. it'lljust be a notch down, temperatures, compared with recent days.
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as we head through saturday evening and overnight, we pick up a bit more cloud once again because we're starting to pull in more of that north—northeasterly wind. but again, it's cold air, so we are going to see a patchy frost once again first thing sunday morning. may not last long, but it could be damaging still to plants, of course. little bit of mist and fog around, more cloud across central and eastern parts of england and eastern scotland potentially on sunday, so the best of the sunshine will be in the west. the highest temperatures here, too, because a notable dip with more cloud in eastern areas and that breeze as well. bye— bye.
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this is bbc world news.
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the headlines. a surge of coronavirus cases in india has left the country's health care system reeling. amid reports of hospital patients dying due to oxygen shortages, the prime minister has said industrial oxygen is being diverted for medical use. french leaders have paid tribute to a police clerk stabbed to death by a suspected terrorist at a police station near paris. president emmanuel macron said the nation stood by the 49—year—old mother of two. a new malaria vaccine developed by researchers in britain has been 77% successful in stopping infection in early clinical trials. the drug was tested on a50 babies and toddlers from burkina faso. the jailed russian opposition activist alexei navalny has ended his hunger strike, after 2a days of refusing food. he says he has now seen doctors from outside the russian prison service about his back pain and numbness. at ten 0'clock reeta chakrabati
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will be here with a full round—up


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