tv BBC World News BBC News June 15, 2021 1:00am-1:31am BST
this is bbc news: i'm david eades with the latest headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. president biden underlines america's strong support for nato as leaders warn of the military challenge posed by china. we talked about the long—term systemic challenges that china's activities post to our collective security today. borisjohnson�*s vision of post—brexit global trading partnerships begins, with the uk and australia agreeing the broad terms of a deal. crossing mountains, deserts, the sea and even a warzone, we've a special report looking at the dangers for ethiopian migrants trying to reach saudi arabia. also, denmark pledge to achieve something special at the euros
for christian eriksen, who's recovering after a cardiac arrest. hello and welcome. the last president of the united states openly questioned the value of nato�*s existence. the current incumbent said if it didn't exist they would have to invent it. president biden has delivered a strikingly more friendly tone towards america's allies in this military organisation, as he attended his first nato summit in belgium as president. our north america editor jon sopel reports. there's a new sheriff in town, and if nato members could have thrown rose petals in front ofjoe biden�*s motorcade, they probably would have done. he is resetting the relationship after the hostility of his predecessor. and look at the body language —
the mock double—take. there was the hybrid fist—cum—elbow bump, and even a jokey hello with turkey's president erdogan. joe biden likes nato, and nato seems to like him. let me make it clear. nato is critically important to us interests, in and of itsself. if there wasn't one, we'd have to invent one, and i just want all of europe to know that the united states is there, the united states is there. donald trump, on the other hand, questioned the whole idea of collective security, thought america was paying far too much, and wanted to pull the us out of nato. those arguments are in the rear—view mirror, as the transatlantic defence organisation puts its focus on a resurgent china and its increasingly militaristic stance. we all recognise that china's heavy investment in military capabilities and continued aggressive behaviour and growing influence matters for our security, and we need to respond to that
together as an alliance. joe biden says this trip is a battle of ideas — the competition of values between democracy and autocracy and authoritarianism. while all nato members are happy to sign up to compete against china, they're very worried that it could tip into confrontation. and then there's russia, where relations are at a low ebb. there seems to be a much greater willingness to confront vladimir putin over what he's doing militarily, but also the state and non—state actors responsible for election interference and ransomware attacks, like the one that crippled the colonial pipeline supplying fuel to america's east coast. biden will meet his russian counterpart on wednesday in geneva. it's not going to be a meeting of minds. jon sopel, bbc news, brussels.
but there has been a meeting of minds in brussels. ivo daalder is president of the chicago council on global affairs. previously he was the us permanent representative on the council of the north atlantic treaty organization from may 2009 tojuly 2013. thanks very much indeed for joining us. before we get onto some of the substantive issues, it really did feel like normal services resumed and nato has been crying out, really, for a leader to run iran for a few years now. leader to run iran for a few years nova— leader to run iran for a few years now. the united states which usually _ years now. the united states which usually leads _ years now. the united states which usually leads in - years now. the united states which usually leads in the - which usually leads in the lion, it is not only the largest literary power, it is just the largest voice in the room and many of the allies have become used to first of all listening to the united states and when they agree, which mostly they do, they followed them p donald trump was the loudest voice in the
room but he was saying things that no—one could agree with, least of all the idea that nato was somehow a favour that the united states would do towards allies for which they needed to pay the united states. that is not what nato is about, asjoe biden said in your clip, nato is fundamentally in the national interest, it is something wejoined national interest, it is something we joined because national interest, it is something wejoined because it was about our security as well as europe's security so that change the fundamental predisposition that we saw in the last few hours in brussels was very different than we saw four years ago with donald trump. four years ago with donald trum -. �* four years ago with donald trum. �* . ., , four years ago with donald trum. . ., , , trump. and it clearly makes it much easier _ trump. and it clearly makes it much easier to _ trump. and it clearly makes it much easier to coalesce - trump. and it clearly makes it | much easier to coalesce around some of the big issues facing nato, and if we focus on china for a moment, nato, and if we focus on china fora moment, can you nato, and if we focus on china for a moment, can you just help me read between the lines here, because joe me read between the lines here, becausejoe biden said we are in a contest with autocratic governments around the world and at the same time he said we are not looking for, mix, we
are not looking for, mix, we are looking to resolve those actions which we think are inconsistent with international norms. so what is he actually trying to say to china there? because it does feel pretty front foot, let's say.- because it does feel pretty front foot, let's say. what he is saying _ front foot, let's say. what he is saying is he _ front foot, let's say. what he is saying is he is _ front foot, let's say. what he is saying is he is listening - front foot, let's say. what he is saying is he is listening to | is saying is he is listening to xijinping, china's president saying that the united states is a declining power and he sees the world as increasingly having to choose between an autocratic rule level of government which is what china offers is the way to solve the problems in the world, versus a democratic country trying to do so, and he thinks, rightly in my mind, that the democracies need to demonstrate to their own people as well as to others around the world but first and foremost to their own people that they can still take care and provide better than one could under an autocratic system, so it is about competing between two world
vision's, an autocratic vision and a democratic vision, in order to demo street who can do better. that doesn't mean the same as confrontation. confrontation is beating the other side rather than outcompeting them in what you are trying to do, and i think thatis are trying to do, and i think that is important. competition isn't confrontation, isn't conflict, and i think that is howjoe biden wants to convince the allies this is something that should sign up to. qm. that should sign up to. 0k, competition _ that should sign up to. 0k, competition and _ that should sign up to. 0k, competition and a - that should sign up to. 0k, competition and a certain level of challenge there. as opposed, perhaps, to confrontation with russia. , , ., perhaps, to confrontation with russia. ,, ., , perhaps, to confrontation with russia. , ,. , perhaps, to confrontation with russia. russia is described as a threat where _ russia. russia is described as a threat where china - russia. russia is described as a threat where china is - a threat where china is described as a challenge. a challenge, you can manage and deal with. a threat, you need to counter. and clearly russia remains the most important security threat to the united states and to nato within the transatlantic context and now we have made that very clear, again, in the communique where russia was mentioned over 60
times, almost never in a positive light. china only ten times, to ? that what nato first and foremost is still about is the territorial integrity of its members, its political independent and that thatis political independent and that that is threatened by the military capabilities and the kind of actions that the russians have been demonstrating in the past few years. demonstrating in the past few ears. �* , ., �* , demonstrating in the past few ears. , years. i'm sure that's exactly what the _ years. i'm sure that's exactly what the eastern _ years. i'm sure that's exactly what the eastern and - years. i'm sure that's exactly what the eastern and central| what the eastern and central european countries want to hear, as well. thank you very much indeed. appreciate your analysis without. —— appreciate your analysis there. the bbc understands that the british prime minister borisjohnson and his australian counterpart, scott morrison, have agreed the broad terms of a trade deal between the two countries. a formal announcement is expected on tuesday about what would be the first trade deal to be negotiated from scratch since the uk left the european union. 0ur correspondent, shaimaa khalil, joins us from sydney. i guess it hasjust been i guess it has just been a question of time, because the
broader details have been laid out in front of us a few times now, what an?— out in front of us a few times now, what an? that's right, i think we _ now, what an? that's right, i think we now _ now, what an? that's right, i think we now have _ now, what an? that's right, i think we now have the - now, what an? that's right, i think we now have the two i think we now have the two leaders in the same room, agreeing on the broad terms, as you say. we are now waiting for this formal announcement and of course for these crucial details about how this is going to play out, what it will mean for australian exporters and importers in both countries actually, in australia and the uk but it is quite significant because i think both leaders will have something big to stay in their own countries, the prime minister in the uk will say look, this is officially the first uk post brexit deal and scott morrison can come here and say we have struck the first deal with the uk after it has left the eu but i think it also sets the tone, really, for trade deals around the world after the uk has left the eu so we are seeing an action in the
british economy post brexit, what will look like, how it will change, what kind of deals they are striking and also what kind of compromises are going to make. for australia i think it is really good news, of course, especially for the farming industry. we have heard from the head of the australian national farmers federation how difficult it has been over the years to get into the uk market. it is essentially been a market that they have been locked out of, because of eu restrictions, eu tariffs and safeguards, they have really built high gates around the farming industry and now, potentially, with these tariffs being eased in a phase between ten and 15 years and again that is very important detail that we are going to to find out, that then opens up this market but again that presents a challenge to the farming community and the farming industry in the uk. so good news for australia but still so many questions to answer. i understand they had a dinner which amounted to wealth lamps,
scottish salmon and australian wine and i'm sure the wine producers will be pleased given the pressure they have been under not least from china but i did wonder, the farmers over here are anxious that they cannot compete against australian farmers on economies of scale and nor are they happy about the possibility of hormone and used beef, use of pesticides, feed additives, things that are just not allowed over here at. any sign of how this is resolved? we still don't — of how this is resolved? we still don't know, _ of how this is resolved? we still don't know, what we have heard — still don't know, what we have heard is— still don't know, what we have heard is that safeguards are going — heard is that safeguards are going to _ heard is that safeguards are going to be in place but yes, issues — going to be in place but yes, issues for— going to be in place but yes, issues for example like hormone injected — issues for example like hormone injected beef, chlorinated chicken, just lower standards when — chicken, just lower standards when it— chicken, just lower standards when it comes to agriculture produced in general and of course _ produced in general and of course the massive industrial scale — course the massive industrial scale that australia will be able — scale that australia will be able to _ scale that australia will be able to export to the uk, all of it— able to export to the uk, all of it is— able to export to the uk, all of it is a _ able to export to the uk, all of it is a great deal of worry for the _ of it is a great deal of worry for the uk farmers. we haven't had any— for the uk farmers. we haven't had any details on the kind of restrictions there are going to be but — restrictions there are going to be but i — restrictions there are going to be but i think what is interesting, though, is if you are in— interesting, though, is if you are in the _ interesting, though, is if you are in the uk you are going to
want— are in the uk you are going to wantto— are in the uk you are going to want to hear different things than — want to hear different things than if— want to hear different things than if you are in australia. if than if you are in australia. it you — than if you are in australia. if you are _ than if you are in australia. if you are a farmer in australia you are going to want to hear— australia you are going to want to hear how soon you are going to hear how soon you are going to he _ to hear how soon you are going to be able _ to hear how soon you are going to be able to export the uk and at what — to be able to export the uk and at what scale, how big, and the restrictions. if you are a farmer— restrictions. if you are a farmer in _ restrictions. if you are a farmer in the uk you will want to hear— farmer in the uk you will want to hear what safeguards or standards are going to protect you against what they see as a threat — you against what they see as a threat coming and from that massive _ threat coming and from that massive scale potential export from _ massive scale potential export from australia. we massive scale potential export from australia.— from australia. we may of course get _ from australia. we may of course get more _ from australia. we may of course get more detail- from australia. we may of course get more detail in. from australia. we may of i course get more detail in the hours ahead. thanks very much indeed, shaimaa khalil in sydney. the crisis in ethiopia, more than 350,000 are now living in famine conditions, has led to people risking their lives to escape the country. on monday the bodies of 25 african migrants were recovered off the coast of yemen, after the boat they were in, capsized. they were heading, it appears, to saudi arabia in search of a better life. it's a journey that involves crossing mountains,
deserts, the red sea and even a warzone. man wanted to escape the hardship of life in ethiopia. with no plan and little money, he set off on the road to study arabia. like many illegal migrants, he followed a ancient slave trade route. 0n migrants, he followed a ancient slave trade route. on entering djibouti, they walk through the desert before crossing the red sea to war—torn yemen and then travel onwards to saudi arabia. with few opportunities, many young ethiopians are fluid to make the journey. it isa it is a torturous journey through temperatures of up to
50 degrees, suffering hunger and dehydration. many migrants don't make it. from the djibouti coast to yemen, it is an eight hourjourney across the red sea and cramped boats. every year, hundreds drown. mustafa says that ethnic tensions are also never far from and that is not all, mustafa says. 0nce and that is not all, mustafa says. once in yemen, the migrants are targeted for kidnapping. he was held and tortured for a ransom.
mustafa managed to reach the saudi border but during an encounter with the security forces, he took a bullet in the leg. he says he wasn't aware of the dangers involved in taking the dangers involved in taking the illegaljourney. after six months in yemen, mustafa was deported. he has been back in ethiopia for a year now, his life forever changed. mustafa now spends most of his time begging in the local town. most of his time begging in the localtown. broken most of his time begging in the local town. broken by the journey to saudi arabia, he has a message for others planning to do the same. however, desperate for a better
life, he says, if you heed his advice. —— few heed his advice. the challenges facing ethiopia and the track across the continent. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: plans to ease covid restrictions in england are delayed — as the delta variant first identified in india spreads across the world. there was a bomb in the city centre. a code word known to be one used by the ira was given. army bomb experts were examining a suspect van when there was a huge explosion. the south african parliament has destroyed the foundation of apartheid by abolishing the population registration act which, for a0 years, forcibly classified each citizen according to race. just a day old, and the royal baby is tonight sleeping in his cot at home.
early this evening, the new prince was taken by his mother and father to their apartments in kensington palace. germany's parliament, i the bundestag, has voted by a narrow majority to move the seat of government - from bonn to berlin. berliners celebrated into i the night, but the decision was greeted with shock in bonn. this the real focus of attention today was valentina tereshkova, the world's first woman cosmonaut. what do you think of the russian woman in space? i think it's a wonderful achievement and i think we might be able to persuade the wife it would be a good idea if i could to get her to go up there for a little while. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: president biden underlines america's strong support for nato as leaders warn of the military challenge posed by china. the uk and australian prime ministers agree the broad terms of the first post—brexit trade deal.
the british prime minister borisjohnson has confirmed a delay to stage four of his roadmap out of the coronavirus pandemic in england. instead of lifting all restrictions onjune 21st as previously announced, mrjohnson said it would be put back untiljuly 19th. the delay is over concerns about the rapidly—spreading delta variant of the virus. he said it gives the vaccination programme a chance to reach millions more people in england. i to reach millions more people in england-— in england. i am confident we will not need _ in england. i am confident we will not need more _ in england. i am confident we will not need more than - in england. i am confident we will not need more than fourl will not need more than four weeks and will not need to go beyond july 19. it is unmistakably clear that vaccines are working on the sheer scale of the vaccine rollout has made our position incomparably better than in previous weeks. but now is the time to ease off the accelerator. because by being
cautious now we have the chance in the next four weeks to save many thousands of lives by vaccinating millions more people. ﬁx. vaccinating millions more --eole. �* ., vaccinating millions more neale. �* ., ., vaccinating millions more --eole. ., ., , people. a lot of the focus thereon _ people. a lot of the focus thereon that _ people. a lot of the focus thereon that delta - people. a lot of the focus l thereon that delta variant. 0ur medical editor fergus walsh has been taking a closer look. it is the rise of the more infectious delta variant that has led to the pause button being hit on unlocking. this scientist modelling the epidemic had warned ministers that a final lifting of all restrictions next week would lead to a large resurgence in cases and hospital admissions, thoughjust how big a wave is unclear. they suggest a four—week delay in unlocking would reduce the peak in hospital admissions by a third to a half — as more people will be vaccinated. the next four weeks will reduce significantly the risk of a very high peak, which could cause significant problems in terms of pressure on the nhs and all the knock—on effects of that and direct
deaths from covid. the hope is the increase in cases will start to fade in the coming weeks because so many people have been vaccinated. most people getting infected with delta have not been immunised and they're tending to be younger and recovering quicker. so what will covid vaccination coverage look like by the middle of next month? just over two million adults a week in the uk are receiving their second dose of covid vaccine — mostly those in their 40s and 50s. a four—week delay would allow an extra ten million adults to be fully immunised compared to today. that's around three quarters of the adult population. though maximum protection does not kick in until around two weeks after that second shot. just over a million adults a week are receiving their first dose of vaccine —
mostly those in their 20s. if vaccine supply remains steady, then by the 19th ofjuly, around nine in ten adults in the uk will have received at least one dose of covid vaccine. and the pledge to offer a first dose to all over—18s by the end of next month is being brought forward by 12 days. by getting to both more people over the age of a0 double—vaccinated, which protects those most likely to end up in hospital and getting seriously ill, and giving all over—18s one dose, that will reduce spread, because the single dose will put up another barrier to spread amongst the age group most likely to spread cos they have more social contact. and there is more good news on vaccines. analysis by public health england confirms they offer high levels of protection against severe illness with the delta variant.
0ne dose is good, but two is better. so the race continues against the vaccine and the virus. the outgoing chief prosecutor of the international criminal court says she has asked judges to allow her to open a full judicial investigation into murders carried out during the war on drugs in the philippines. human rights watch says that more than 12,000 filipinos have been killed since president rodrigo duterte ordered his security forces to enforce his war on drugs policy in 2016. the trial of ousted myanmar leader aung san suu kyi has got under way, four months after a military coup removed the elected government from office. she is charged with owning unlicensed walkie—talkies and violating covid restrictions. later trials will focus on allegations of corruption and breaking the official secrets act. prosecutors have begun questioning the seven members of the medical team who treated the argentine football star
diego maradona before he died. a board of experts looking into his death decided he had received inadequate care. maradona died of a heart attack last november at the age of 60, weeks after surgery to remove a blood clot. now to news on the pitch because scotland's first appearance in a major tournament in 23 years has ended in defeat. two goals from patrik schick, including one from the halfway line, was enough to secure the points for the czech republic at skriniar scored the winner in slovakia's surprise two—one win over poland in their group e game in saint petersburg. the final match of the day was a disappointing nil—nil draw between spain and sweden in seville. the danish footballer, christian eriksen, says he wants to thank everyone who's sent him best wishes, after his collapse during a euro 2020 match on saturday. he'd suffered a cardiac arrest and is now undergoing
more hospital tests. here's nick beake. less than 48 hours after they nearly lost one their team—mates on the pitch, the danish side were back on the training ground, trying to prepare as best they can for their next euro 2020 match. leicester city goalkeeper kasper schmeichel said they'd give it their all for christian eriksen. the real important thing for us is that we know that christian's 0k, and from there on, we would talk a lot about the spirit we have in this team, and to be able to fight the way we've done. that wouldn't be possible without us knowing that christian was ok. this was already a very close group of players, and it seems their ordeal has only brought them closer together. but there's been strong criticism of the way they were asked to make a decision very quickly on saturday night as to whether or not they resume the match. very emotional experience for everyone of us. and you come you could
just see on the danish this evening, the captain of finland, the team that was playing denmark, told us football bosses need to reconsider their rules. did you feel you are being forced in some way? i did not have the feeling that we were forced to do anything that we wouldn't want to do. i'm not saying that it's a good decision to go out and play football after something like this, i think it's inhumane. but, you know, that was the option that we had. some of the denmark players have now been able to visit ericksen, who is undergoing further tests. but he is said to be making jokes and spurring on his friends to beat belgium later in the week. nick beake, bbc news, copenhagen. the matches are coming thick and fast. , , ., the matches are coming thick and fast. , , �* ., and fast. they play belgium on thursday so — and fast. they play belgium on thursday so a _ and fast. they play belgium on thursday so a chance - and fast. they play belgium on thursday so a chance to - and fast. they play belgium on thursday so a chance to put. thursday so a chance to put into play the pledge to achieve
something special. you can find more on all of that on our website and i am on twitter. thank you for watching bbc news. hello. monday was a day of contrast. still hot and humid in london. the temperatures were soaring by the middle of the afternoon, we reached the highest temperatures recorded so far this year and that was 30 celsius in greater london. now, it was a different story further north and west because of the weak weather front that was spilling in across scotland into the north of england. behind it, the wind direction changing to a northwesterly and that brought with it some fresher air and a marked contrast. look at sunday's highs across northern ireland, 25 degrees, the warmest day of the year here. by monday, those temperatures were down quite sharply. it looks as though that fresher feel will continue to be the theme of the weather into tuesday, as well.
starting off the good deal of dry weather, or weak weather front just a band of cloud lingering first thing in the morning but there will be a lot of sunshine coming through in area of low pressure bringing in some rain into western reaches of scotland by the middle part of the day and the winds increasing here. so, we're looking at around ten to 18 degrees as the overall height but 25 is not out of the question. down the touch, but still that is 77 fahrenheit. that weather front is bringing the rain is going to bring some heavy bursts of rain for a time across scotland and overnight, so moving to wednesday, to be fairly weak affair by then as it moves out of the scottish border into the north of england and parts of north wales. behind it we'll see some sunshine as well, drop temperatures of around 1a to 18 degrees ahead of it and starting to track more heat and humidity once again, 20 degrees not out of the question. and it is this heat and humidity which could trigger some sharp thundery
downpours towards the end of the working week. why? we've got this warm humid air starting to move up from spain and into france and to trigger some sharp thunderstorms and there's a lot of uncertainty just where these thunderstorms are likely to crop up and so, it's worth keeping abreast of the forecast but anywhere across eastern england could be at risk of real torrential thunder downpours and top temperatures down considerably and we are looking at 13 to 22 degrees.
this is bbc news, the headlines: president biden has said he will lay down red lines to his russian counterpart in their meeting on wednesday. speaking after a summit of nato leaders, mr biden acknowledged that he faced a tough opponent in vladimir putin. he insisted the us would respond if russia acted against its interests. the bbc understands that the british prime minister borisjohnson and his australian counterpart, scott morrison, have agreed the broad terms of a trade deal. a formal announcement is expected on tuesday about what would be the first trade agreement negotiated from scratch since the uk left the eu. meanwhile, borisjohnson has confirmed a delay to stage four of his roadmap out of the coronavirus pandemic in england. instead of lifting all restrictions onjune 21st as previously announced, it's being put back untiljuly 19th, because of concerns about the delta variant first identified in india.
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