you're watching bbc news — i'm rich preston — our latest headlines. the united states and britain warn their citizens to stay away from kabul airport — amid fears of a potential terror attack. but the scramble to flee the country continues — thousands of people remain at the airport — desperate to leave. is it worth it? is it betterjust staying here in afghanistan for the moment? translation: there's | no way we can stay here. the americans should shoot us or let us through. researchers say booster shots of the covid vaccine may be needed — in the wake of a study suggesting protection wanes after six months. and — a warning that the summer of devastating wildfires underlines the need for radical shifts in behaviour to tackle global warming.
we begin in afghanistan, where the us embassy in kabul is asking american citizens in the country not to travel to kabul airport. the warning came just moments after similar advice issued by the british foreign office, which included warned of a "high threat of a terrorist attack". the pentagon says about 10,000 people are currently at the airport, as the scramble to leave the country is gathering pace. secunder kermani sent this report from kabul. shame on them! they've been through so much already. now wading through sewage in the hope of somehow being able to leave this country. huge crowds are still flocking
to kabul airport, under the watch of american and british soldiers. despite the dirt, the dust, the gunshots and the chaos, people are still coming here, and they're coming here in their thousands. here, a makeshift camp has sprung up. most of the people gathered don't have permission to board an evacuation flight. the few that do are struggling to make their way inside. translation: we've been waiting here for six - days and six nights. the american embassy told us to come here, but we can't get past all these crazy people. is it worth it? is it betterjust staying here in afghanistan for the moment? there's no way we can stay here. the americans should shoot us or let us through. yesterday, the taliban said they're not in favour of afghans leaving.
we saw no sign of them preventing people where we were, but they're clearly frustrated with the scenes unfolding. with time running out, there's a sense of panic amongst those trying to escape. many worry they'll be left behind, like this former british army interpreter who is yet to receive a response to his application. it's very dangerous for us, because from the day the taliban entered kabul, i've changed my home three times. so two days, two nights, we are living in one place. he's only got one document from the british army, and it doesn't even say who signed it. but we managed to find his former boss, now a retired soldier in the north of england. i absolutely remember him as one of about eight- interpreters i worked with out in afghanistan on my tour, i and like all of the others that i i worked with, he was a brave,
bright, intelligent lad - who actually genuinely wanted to do better for his country. the british government says no—one's life should be put at risk because of their support for the uk's efforts in afghanistan and that it's working around the clock to relocate as many eligible afghans as possible. so are other countries. but these are the last days of the effort, and many who want to leave are set to left behind. secunder kermani, bbc news, kabul. one of the key reasons president biden wants to stick to this august 31st deadline is because of his concern of a terror attack. and one of the groups identified by his national security team has been named isis-k. so who are they, and what sort of threat do they carry? we know that since 2015 this isis splinter group mostly existed in the eastern part of afghanistan. this area is part of the historic region of khorasan
and over the past five years they have claimed responsibility for some particularly deadly attacks across afghanistan, targeting politicians, religious minorities, and the taliban. the concern is that suddenly they have disappeared from view. completely inactive since the day before kabul fell and they tend to lay low for one of two reasons: either they are in "survival mode" or they are planning something. we can now speak to javed ali who's a former senior director for counter—terrorism at the us national security council. can you just explain to us, how did isis—k and fit into the bigger isis picture? did isis-k and fit into the bigger isis picture? isis-k has been an official _ bigger isis picture? isis-k has been an official branch - bigger isis picture? isis-k has been an official branch of- bigger isis picture? isis-k has been an official branch of isis| been an official branch of isis since 2015 even though isis has been degraded and lost their
caliphate, isis—k has remained one of the most active and viable branches of that broader isis family said they have conducted a series of high impact in spectacular lethal attacks across afghanistan so this is a group that needs to be taken very seriously and based on the recent statements by members of the administration, it would appear that there were some form of intelligence or other kind of information suggesting that units of fighters aligned with isis—k are thinking about all planning to conduct an attack and so that is another reason why this withdrawal from the united states seems to be accelerated.— united states seems to be accelerated. ., . ., accelerated. how much do we have adequate's _ accelerated. how much do we have adequate's make-up - accelerated. how much do we| have adequate's make-up and accelerated. how much do we - have adequate's make-up and how have adequate's make—up and how kind of numbers they have on the ground?— kind of numbers they have on the round? ., , , , the ground? the group is mostly made u- the ground? the group is mostly made up of _ the ground? the group is mostly made up of fighters _ the ground? the group is mostly made up of fighters from - made up of fighters from afghanistan and all pakistan. who either were previously on the taliban or other armed
groups in the region and either in afghanistan or pakistan so this is a local group of the most part but the un and other organisations have noted that over the past few years that apparently there have been arab fighters as well from iraqi and syria and other parts of the broader isis enterprise so this is something that also needs to be explored. what is the composition of the group right now? how strong is it? is it in a few hundreds or low thousands? i don't believe it is bigger than that but this is a group that has not been militarily defeated and tax have shown over the past few years it maintains infrastructure, logistics and has the people to carry out these lethal attacks inside afghanistan. we these lethal attacks inside afghanistan.— these lethal attacks inside afghanistan. these lethal attacks inside afuhanistan. . , , afghanistan. we have seen these ictures of afghanistan. we have seen these pictures of pictures _ afghanistan. we have seen these pictures of pictures of _ pictures of pictures of thousands of people gathered outside the airport and based on analysis you have seen and the group was my previous activities, what kind of things
might they be capable of? unfortunately when we have a situation like what is unfolding right now and at the airport, we have got large numbers of civilians who are together and unprotected outside of the western troops were there. that unfortunately presents, if the opportunity exists, an attractive target for a group like isis—k so one could imagine a number of different scenarios that could unfold. there could be a small arms attack or an improvise in place of device, suicide bombers, these are all the techniques that isis—k has proved they could carry out inside afghanistan such as the sheer volume of people in close proximity, in close quarters, presents the potential for attacks. whether they happen not remains to be seen. hopefully they do not. thank ou for hopefully they do not. thank you for making _ hopefully they do not. thank you for making the _ hopefully they do not. thank you for making the time - hopefully they do not. thank you for making the time for i hopefully they do not. thank i you for making the time for us. thank you. don't forget you can get more on the rapidly developing situation in afghanistan
on our website. there you'll find a live page updated with the latest developments as those evacuations from kabul airport gather pace. protection against coronavirus starts to reduce within six months of people being fully vaccinated with the pfizer or astrazenica vaccines. new research suggests that booster vaccines will be needed at some point to maintain protection. 0ur health correspondent sophie hutchinson has this report. more than three—quarters of adults in the uk have now had two doses of a covid vaccine, but how long that protection lasts is a crucial question. sarah, a head teacher, received her second dose in april, but injune, after her family all caught the virus, she became infected too. 0bviously, i'd been shielding at home, i'd been staying with in different rooms, keeping doors and windows open, wearing masks in communal areas of the home. so i'd hoped not to get it
with my double vaccine, but i knew there was always a possibility of getting it. it was obviously very disappointing to get it in the end, and my symptoms were just like that of a heavy head cold, really. i didn't have to stop working, i was working from home throughout that period. i had to rest a little bit more than usual, but i felt like it was a much lighter version than i had the year before. sarah's one of a growing number of people who've been infected despite being double—jabbed. today's study by the zoe covid team adds to the evidence that vaccines lose some effectiveness over time. it found protection from infection, with both the pfizer and astrazeneca vaccines, reduced slightly within six months of the second dose. but for most, the vaccines still seem to prevent severe disease. what this study tells us is that we have to keep an eye on the level of immunity and track it as time goes on, so that we can make a prediction, one month, three months, six months into the future, of when
a booster might be required. and infections have been rising sharply in some parts of the uk. scotland, where schools have gone back, hit another record high today, well over 5,000 new cases, with more than a third among teenagers and children. experts are warning the new term is likely to be difficult. so i think we do need to be braced for a challenging period. exactly how high the numbers will be, it is very, very challenging to predict that. where i think we can be more confident is that levels of mortality are going to remain low, because we have study after study that still shows the vaccines are working. cornwall�*s rocketing rates of infection have been blamed in large part on a music and surfing festival. preparations are well under way for this weekend's reading festival, where thousands will gather, and where there are crowds, there is likely to be covid. sophie hutchinson, bbc news.
stay with us on bbc news — still to come. farfrom home — the girls of the afghan robotics team — who have joined the exodus from kabul. he's the first african—american to win the presidential nomination of a major party, and he accepts exactly 45 years ago to the day that martin luther king declared, "i have a dream." as darkness falls tonight, and unfamiliar light will appear in the southeastern sky — an orange glowing disc that's brighter than anything save the moon — our neighbouring planet, mars. there is no doubt that this election is an important milestone in the birth of east timor as the world's newest nation.
it'll take months and billions of dollars to repair— what katrina achieved injust hours. - three weeks is the longest the great clock has been off—duty in 117 years, so it was with great satisfaction that clockmaker john vernon swung the pendulum to set the clock going again. big ben chimes this is bbc news, the latest headlines. the united states and britain warn their citizens to stay away from kabul airport — amidst fears of a potential terror attack. but the scramble to flee the country continues — thousands of people remain at the airport — desperate to leave. the greek prime minister says a string of devastating wildfires this summer has underlined the need for radical shifts in behaviour to tackle global warming. fires have torn through several mediterranean countries — including greece, turkey, spain and italy — and russia has been battling its own record—breaking fire season. courtney bembridge reports.
this was the scene facing firefighters in central russia. a wall of flames which had them quickly surrounded. translation: the flames were rising up to 30 or a0 metres and it was absolutely horrible. the wind was pushing, blazing pieces of wood were flying around. just 100 metres away. it was a storm of a fire. a storm of ashes and smoke. this is russia's second worst fire season since the turn of the century. fuelled by extreme heat, they've burned through more than 70 million hectares of land. experts say climate change has made the country's huge expanses of forest drier, hotter and increasingly vulnerable to wildfires. europe has also hit record temperatures this summer and
wildfires have torn through the mediterranean. the greek prime minister described it as a bitter cost of climate change. translation: we recognise that dealing with the climate crisis is forcing us to change everything. the way we produce agricultural products, how we move around, how we generate energy and the way we build our homes. everything must change in this immense effort to mitigate the impact of the climate crisis to whatever extent possible. scientists say last year was the warmest on record across europe, exceeding this previous record by a considerable amount, and they are again calling for actions with a crucial moment on the horizon. leaders from almost 200 countries will meet in glasgow in novemberfor a major climate conference. described as the world's last best chance to tackle climate change. at least 16 people have died
in the western venezuelan state of merida following intense rains that have triggered mudslides and caused rivers to overflow. more than 12—hundred houses have been destroyed and 17 people remain missing, as rescue workers continue to search the affected areas. the merida state governor has admitted that neither the state nor municipal governments have the resources to help the affected areas. according to a new climate report, last year was the warmest on record across europe. temperatures across the region were more than 1.9 degrees celcius above the long—term average between 1981 and 2010. the state of the climate 2020 report from the american meteorological society says temperatures in the arctic are also rising rapidly, with land temperatures over land — the highest since records began in 1900. well for more on this, i'm joined now by professor will steffen, a climate change expert and researcher, from the climate council of australia.
thank you very much for being with us. we heard worrying figures there but how concerned should we be by these reports findings? you make we should be very concerned because this is ultimately driven by the abbey long term trend in the climate system and driven by primarily the omission of fossil fuels. and unfortunately, about two decades of worsening weather are already into the system from past emission so this is telling us two things. we have to be prepared and deal with worsening fax for some time into the future and we must act now if we want any chance to stabilise the climate system by mid century. can we say that all of the extreme weather events we have seen over the last few months are related to climate change?— climate change? what we can sa , i climate change? what we can say. i think — climate change? what we can say, i think of— climate change? what we can say, i think of the _ climate change? what we can say, i think of the high - climate change? what we can| say, i think of the high degree of probability, is that it is extremely unlikely is that these would have occurred without climate change. you
could look at long—term observation records in europe and around the world and so on and around the world and so on and see how often events like this happen. what we see now at not only are coming far more frequently, they are becoming more extreme. extreme heat has higher temperatures, more extreme. extreme heat has highertemperatures, more more extreme. extreme heat has higher temperatures, more area fires are burning. extreme rainfall is becoming even more intense and the only plausible explanation is the fact that climate change is driving this change and extreme weather. looking at the whole world, are there any geographical areas of regions that were of particular concern or are particularly disproportionately affected by climate change? that disproportionately affected by climate change?— disproportionately affected by climate change? that is a very aood climate change? that is a very good point _ climate change? that is a very good point and _ climate change? that is a very good point and i _ climate change? that is a very good point and i think- climate change? that is a very good point and i think we - climate change? that is a very good point and i think we willl good point and i think we will have to watch temperatures rising about twice as fast as the global average. that is being borne out now by the massive fires in russia. we are starting to see some melting of permafrost. the ice sheet is now losing ice at an accelerating rate so this is a hotspot in the system because
what changes in the northern high latitude is going to reverberate around the planet. sea level rise and so on.- sea level rise and so on. later on the show — sea level rise and so on. later on the show we _ sea level rise and so on. later on the show we have - sea level rise and so on. later on the show we have the - sea level rise and so on. later| on the show we have the latest cup meeting planned in glasgow in scotland, what can the intergovernmental panel on climate change do in response to this data? i climate change do in response to this data?— to this data? i think we need to this data? i think we need to ut it to this data? i think we need to put it on _ to this data? i think we need to put it on the _ to this data? i think we need to put it on the table - to this data? i think we need to put it on the table to - to this data? i think we need to put it on the table to the i to put it on the table to the words leaders that this really word's leaders that this really is the last best to get on a pathway that will stabilise the climate within the climate goals and that means that countries have to focus on near—term climate goals. that is 20 or 30 rather than 2050. if we don't have the missions headed downwards by 2030 will not have a chance to stabilise the climate within the paris goals. the climate within the paris coals. ~ , . ~ goals. we will be there. thank ou ve goals. we will be there. thank you very much _ goals. we will be there. thank you very much for _ goals. we will be there. thank you very much for making - goals. we will be there. thank you very much for making the | you very much for making the time for us. the subscription website onlyfans, known for its adult
content, says it will delay making changes to prohibit sexually explicit photos and videos from october. it follows a backlash from the site's users. the platform also said in a tweet that it would continue to provide a home for all content creators. wariness from investors was originally cited as the reason for last week's announcement. here's one user of the platform, mary moody. i believe that enough sex workers are finally getting heard by everyone and we are making enough noise and finally getting noticed and people are realising that this is a human rights issue and a workers issue and it is not ok, what is happening. mike stabeel represents freespeechcoaltion.com, a trade organization for the adult industry i think that in the short term it is a great decision. i think that there were a lot of workers who are going to be devastated financially by the new rules and i think that, in the long term, people are really looking up and trying to
figure out what are the next steps? we understand that banks are increasingly skittish about content, sex worker produced content. we are in the midst of a campaign by religious groups in the us trying to use their pressure to pressure banks to the platform sex workers. in the platform sex workers. in the platform sex workers. in the event is technically open to all content but what makes a particularly appealing as a platform for sex workers and aduu platform for sex workers and adult industry workers? welcomer vet bill, it is important to realise that this is a good example of the industry pioneering a new of technology and what made it appealing was that, you know, you had these adult performers and creators who would build up these huge followings on social media, and instagram, twitter and vetted. and it gave me a way to monetise it and it gave them a way to bypass the studios, bypass the agent and sell directly to the consumer and what that state was it allowed them to build equity serve other than shooting a scene for a day and picking up a paycheque and going home and
not seeing any more from it you could produce something, you could produce something, you could earn permit and you could earn indefinitely. and that was a game changerfor earn indefinitely. and that was a game changer for these workers. a game changer for these workm— a game changer for these workers. ., ., . ., workers. the announcement of this ban came _ workers. the announcement of this ban came after _ workers. the announcement of this ban came after a - workers. the announcement of this ban came after a bbc - this ban came after a bbc investigation earlier this year that found that underage people were allowed to create accounts, start using the platform. should sites like only fans wish to take a cut of the money be doing more to protect children and prevent illegal content from going up on their platform? absolutely. and they do- _ on their platform? absolutely. and they do. what _ on their platform? absolutely. and they do. what gets - on their platform? absolutely. and they do. what gets lost i on their platform? absolutely. and they do. what gets lost in j and they do. what gets lost in this discussion just all the regulations and all of the protocols that aim to identify people who are, you know, looking to game the system. i think that there is facial recognition that is done by ai, there is id verification matching everybody in the content you create is represented by the ids. what happens is this is a side that
grew very quickly, right? it went from a smaller budget of people before the pandemic, too close to 3 million creators now so the question isn't whether or not site should do more. adding all site should do more. aduu adding all site should do more. adult sites have always been at the forefront of this because they know that culturally they are much more liable than something like facebook which end up posting much more illegal material. so it is not so much should they do anything or should they be doing more? they are and what we should do is learn from mistakes. lamb where people are trying to game the system and how they're getting around it and it. i don't think it is either all. as we've seen — the exodus from afghanistan continues — with thousands of people flying out of kabul airport. countries as diverse as australia, uganda and south korea are offering refuge to men, women and children. and mexico has accepted five women who made a name for themselves on the international stage. the bbc�*s tim allman reports. for so many, they were symbols
of what a new afghanistan could be. young, educated women excelling in science and technology. they had competed and won awards at international robotics festivals. then the taliban came, and they decided to leave. when we entered the plane, we were so sad because we left everything in afghanistan. we left our families, we left our friends and all of our relatives. and without saying any goodbye to them. after a brief stop in qatar they finally reach their new home. part of the coordinated international operation designed to represent universal values. translation: they are the bearers of a dream and a reality that they have dealt
with many difficulties. fraternal world with gender equality. so we consider it very important to open our home to them. the taliban had banned girls from school and women from work when they last govern country. now they say they will prioritise women's rights and education. women from the afghan robotics team have their doubts and regrets. the thing that i really miss is about my family friends that we had lots of good days together. lots of funnyjust memories that i have but unfortunately, i reallyjust missed them and i hope that one day i can go back to afghanistan and see them again. until then, a new life and new opportunities far from home. you can reach me on twitter — i'm @ richpreston.
hello there. we just had the hottest day of the month on wednesday. and it was western scotland the place to be. looks lovely in the sunshine and temperatures reached 27 celsius. now, it won't get as hot as that again through the rest of the month because we've got this weather front moving down toward the southwest of the uk. it's bringing in cloud, one or two spots of rain just for a while, and as that weather front moves through, so we introduce a cooler wind off the north sea. that's blowing in cooler air and it's dropping the temperatures as well. we start with some fog, though, quite extensively across northern ireland in the morning. not so much fog in scotland. the fog will lift. the cloud that we start with in wales and the southwest will break up. sunshine for many western areas. but the wind will continue
to blow in more cloud to the eastern side of the uk. should get more sunshine, though, for the northern isles, some areas of cloud lingering across some easternmost parts of scotland. much of the country, though, seeing the sunshine and temperatures 23, maybe 2a in the west of scotland this time. could make 22 or 23 in fermanagh and tyrone. always warmer for wales, western parts of england. down the eastern side, a lot of cloud, a cooler wind as well. and around the coasts in particular, temperatures could be no better than 16 or 17 degrees. there could be a hint of sunshine now and again, but generally it's going to be pretty cloudy at headingley for day 2 of an exciting test match. not quite so chilly on friday. by this stage, the cloud is pushing more towards wales and western parts of england, and that means we should get a bit more sunshine for the eastern side of england. there will be some areas of cloud for scotland and northern ireland, some spells of sunshine too, and temperatures are back down to around 19 or 20 degrees typically, perhaps a little lower than that in the far north and east of scotland. heading into the weekend, big area of low pressure is bringing lots of showers into central europe.
they're not far away from the southeast on saturday, but over the weekend, it's high pressure that should tend to dominate. always a wind coming in from the north sea, some brisk winds for the southeast of england. should be a fair bit of sunshine, though, i think, on saturday, some patchy cloud bubbling up here and there. and in the sunshine, again, across western scotland, we could see temperatures up to 22 degrees. second half of the weekend, still dry, high pressure around, bit breezy and cooler around some of those north sea coasts, a bit more cloud perhaps coming into scotland and northern ireland, sunshine for england and wales and temperatures typically 19 or 20 celsius.
this is bbc news — the headlines... the united states and britain have both warned of a high risk of an attack at kabul airport and advised their nationals not to travel there. the warning comes 2a hours after president biden highlighted the danger posed by extremists linked to the group calling itself islamic state. the pace of the airlift at kabul airport continues to pick up — with dozens of military flights ferrying close to 20,000 people out of afghanistan in the past 2a hours. the us has insisted american efforts to help people leave the country will continue past the august 31st deadline. a study in britain indicates that protection from catching covid—19 given by two doses of the pfizer and astrazeneca coronavirus vaccines starts to wear off within six months. the study�*s authors underlined the importance of getting vaccinated — but urged the government to make plans for boosterjabs. the taliban took over afghanistan's third—largest