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tv   Newsday  BBC News  September 2, 2021 12:00am-12:31am BST

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welcome to newsday — reporting live from singapore — i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. putting on a show of power — taliban forces parade the military equipment america left behind. governing, however, is another matter — with no women planned for topjobs. an economy close to collapse — the value of the afghan currency plummets — while the price of goods soars. the afghan economy has been heavily dependent on international aid. whether or not they continues, at least when it comes to the west is likely to be dependent on what
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kind of government the taliban create and what laws it enforces. in california — emergency crews continue to battle a huge wildfire around lake tahoe. more than fifty—thousand people are evacuated from the region. and — the us supreme court ignores appeals against a new law in texas banning eighty—five per—cent of abortions. president biden says it's a blatant violation of constitutional rights. it's seven in the morning in singapore, seven in the evening in washington and 3.30 in the morning in kabul, where the taliban is moving closer to establishing a government, now that the us exit from afghanistan is complete. a senior leader told the bbc the government
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would be inclusive. but against this backdrop — the economy of afghanistan is close to collapse — with little immediate prospect of the new islamist rulers gaining access to the country's foreign currency reserves held in the west. prices of essential goods are soaring, the value of the currency is falling, and many public services are barely able to function. here's our afghanistan correspondent secunder kermani. the taliban are in firm control of the country. this, a huge military parade in the southern city of kandahar, along with a captured helicopter. but the group still hasn't established a new government, leaving many afghans in a state of limbo. now that the final foreign troops have left, an announcement is expected soon. the last time the group was in power in the 1990s, their regime saw public
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executions and women banned from working. now they say things are different, though they admit women won't be in senior positions. maybe they will be in the government, in the lower things, because in every department of the government ministries, you can say almost half of the workers are women. so they can come back to their work and they can continue. but in this new government which has been announced, in the top posts, i mean to say in the cabinet, there may not be a woman. the uncertainty about what the future will look like has seen the value of the afghani drop and concerns about the economy rise. the world bank and imf are holding back from continuing support. whilst the us has frozen reserves and most local banks remain closed. translation: no one has any money right now, - all their savings are stuck in the banks. people arejust bringing
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small amounts of cash here to exchange, to pay for everyday living. translation: i needed money for groceries, . but the exchange rate isn't good, so i'm going home. the currency rate just keeps on fluctuating. i pray that god brings stability to the government and these problems can be solved. the afghan economy has been heavily dependent on international aid. whether or not that continues, at least when it comes to the west, is likely to be dependent on what kind of government the taliban create, what kind of laws it enforces. governing afghanistan is going to prove a bigger challenge for the taliban than taking control of it. they've been holding meetings with senior political figures, like former president, hamid karzai, but many doubt whether they're willing to really share power. their elusive leader, mullah hibatullah, may well be declared leader of an islamic emirate. these, new pictures of some of the final us troops to be
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withdrawn from afghanistan, the focus now is on what they've left behind. secunder kermani, bbc news, kabul. for more on how inclusive the new government in afghanistan is likely to be, here's our chief international correspondent, lyse doucet. well, there is this magical word of inclusive that is being used by afghanistan as neighbours to put pressure on the taliban to try and share some of the powers so they don't have absolute control. a look at it in pure political terms. the taliban of come to power much more quickly than even they expected. they now control more territory in afghanistan than they were in power in the 1990s. so, they feel they have an overwhelming mandate to pursue their overriding objective and that is to use words like government cabinet, their objective is to
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establish an islamic system. the choice of who is in the cabinet is going to be very much, they said they're going to be discussing individuals on the basis of islamic principles and sharia law, or these people corrupt, did they work for the former government and what about women? women will not be playing a leading role. this new emerging islamic and red, they'll be playing secondary roles to the men. they'll be playing some roles but not at sea level. this is different from what we heard even two years ago when the taliban started discussing with representatives of the afghan government and civil society here, that this form of words with the said women can have any roles in our newest islamic government, except the president of the prime minister, but they can be ministers and ceos and now they seem to be rolling back from that because what happened in the past is now history. it is a new day for them and it is a date when the taliban are in charge.
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general mark milley is the usjoint chiefs of staff chairman. at the latest pentagon briefing he gave this assessment of the taliban. we don't know what the future of the taliban is, but i can tell you from personal experience that this is a ruthless group from the past and whether or not they change remains to be seen. and as far as our dealings with them at that airfield or in the past year or so, in war, you do what you must. in order to reduce risk to mission and force, not necessarily what you want to do. we'll have more on afghanistan a little later in the programme — when we'll be looking at the country's sikh community many of whom have fled since this latest taliban takeover. but first... fifty thousand people have been forced to leave the lake tahoe area of california, as firefighters continue to battle a huge
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wildfire in the region. the area is a popular tourist destination but it's largely deserted now, as strong winds fan the flames of a blaze that's destroyed more than 700 structures — most of them family homes. for more on the scale of this fire i spoke to our north america correspondent peter bowes. there are huge challenges, not least because of the size of this fire. it covers the equivalent area of the city of chicago. so, you can imagine how difficult that is for firefighters to get containment around the perimeter of this fire, which is what they're trying to do. there is some good news in that 20%, a fifth of the parameter is now contained, which is slightly better than the last few days. it is slowly moving in the right direction. but tremendous challenges, not least the winds. tremendously strong winds. tremendously strong winds and it's very unpredictable in terms of the direction of the winds. we have heard many local residents
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talking about the fact that they were saved or thought that they were saved or thought that they were saved or thought that they were safe in a certain area and then in a heartbeat, the winds would change and there of the flames coming and their direction. this is a very populous area, 50,000 people have been evacuated, many of the fires you hear about in california are in these areas. and this is a popular tourist destination and the fact that there are some the people around poses another challenge for the authorities. this summer— for the authorities. this summer season, - for the authorities. this i summer season, according for the authorities. this summer season, according to some experts, it is shaping up to be one of the most destructive on record. he talked about the unpredictable winds, what other conditions of led to this?— led to this? there are several reasons- _ led to this? there are several reasons. climate _ led to this? there are several reasons. climate change - led to this? there are several l reasons. climate change cannot be ignored. growing evidence of the huge superfires be ignored. growing evidence of the huge super fires sometimes referred to our link to climate
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change. and yes, they've always been fires in california, but not of this intensity. that is one of the key reasons and the prolonged drought which you could say is linked to climate change, the forest, the foliage the wood, everything is tinder dry and burned so easily. then there are longer—term reasons as well. policies, force policies of fire suppression over the years. in other words, not allowing fires to burn words the more recent thinking is that if only some of those forests had been allowed to burn, the deadwood, the foliage thinned out on the ground, then prep some of these forest fires would not be as intense today. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines.
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north korea has rejected roughly three million covid—i9 vaccine doses of china's sinovac biotech, saying they should be sent to severely affected countries first, particularly africa and asia. so far, north korea has not reported any covid—i9 cases and has imposed strict anti—virus measures, including border closures and domestic travel curbs. police have stepped—up checks at italian train stations amid threats from protesters to disrupt high—speed trains on the first day of a covid pass. the so—called "green pass", which proves if someone has been vaccinated, tested negative or recovered from covid—i9, is now compulsory in italy for domestic flights, ferries and long—distance trains, as well as schools and universities. the portuguese star cristiano ronaldo has broken the all—time record for goals scored in men's international football, scoring his hundred—and tenth against the republic of ireland. the goal edged him past the previous record—holder, the iranian striker ali die—ee, before he scored again in stoppage time to win the game for portugal 2—1. the thirty—six year old made headlines only days ago
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when he re—joined his old english premier league club, manchester united. if you want to get in touch with me i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. up to half—a—million people across the uk with severely weakened immune systems will be offered a third covid jab in the coming months.
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she received the nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and the dying in india slums. the head of the catholic church had said mother teresa was a wonderful example of how to help people in need. we have to identify the bodies, then round the coffins and take them back home. parents are waiting and wives are waiting. hostages appeared, some carried, some running, trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today, | described by all to whom she reached out as irreplaceable. an early—morning car crash in a paris underpass ended | a life with more than its share of pain and courage, - warmth and compassion. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm karishma vaswani in singapore.
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0ur headlines. afghanistan is facing a major economic crisis as the value of its currency falls — sending the price of everyday necessities soaring. many public services are close to collapse. in california — emergency crews continue to battle a huge wildfire around lake tahoe. more than fifty—thousand people are evacuated from the region. in other news. a law banning abortion from as early as six weeks into pregnancy has come into effect in the us state of texas. it will prevent anyone in the state from conducting an abortion once a fetal heartbeat is detected — which for most women is about six weeks into the pregnancy, before many even know they are pregnant. opponents of the law say it will effectively ban at least 85% of abortions sought in the state — including pregnancies from rape or incest — making it one of the most restrictive bills in the country. senator bryan hughes is the author of this bill.
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we had a number of prosecutors in america, district attorney and this at the end of 2019, many states are considering heartbeat laws but if you pass these laws, we will not enforce them. the sworn elected prosecutors saying they will not enforce the laws. we had to find a way to enforce the laws. the private lawsuits are used in americans medicaid in texas and our government health care system. if you defraud the medicaid system, any texan can file a claim against you. this is been in law for a long time. and we protect innocent human life and for years now, for years, we've been coming alongside the mothers, providing more funding, more help for expectant mothers. we do let us forget about them after the child comes along. we want to support those mothers while we protect that innocent
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human life. that is what this bill is about, plain and simple. samuel lau represents the planned parenthood federation of america. which provides sexual health care — he told me what this law will change for women in the state of texas. to put it simply, this means that access to abortion in texasis that access to abortion in texas is nearly impossible for the 7 million women and they say this is a band of abortion, that is before many people know that they are pregnant. and it is an incredibly dark day in texas. it is a very, very hard day for the health care workers and staff and of course, all of the people across texas who are now confronted with incredibly large obstacles that they would like to get an abortion. i5
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like to get an abortion. is there any chance of this being overturned at a later stage by the supreme court? we have heard objections from as high up heard objections from as high up as president biden was said that the bill is extreme, warning that it would significantly impair access to abortion care, particularly for low texans and racial income minorities. low texans and racial income minorities-— minorities. yeah. we are obviously _ minorities. yeah. we are obviously disappointed . minorities. yeah. we are i obviously disappointed that minorities. yeah. we are - obviously disappointed that the supreme court did not act to block the law before went into effect today, but they still can and this law we believe to be blatantly unconstitutional in violation of 50 years of precedent. here the united states. planned parenthood and other litigation partners are going to continue to fight this in court and will continue to: the supreme court to block this blatantly unconstitutional law that, like i said, has made the constitutional right to an
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abortion practically an accessible and the state of texas which is the second largest state in the united states. it largest state in the united states. , ., ., ., states. it is fair to say that this is a — states. it is fair to say that this is a huge _ states. it is fair to say that this is a huge divisive - this is a huge divisive issue, notjust in texas, but around the country and as unpopular as it has been for many texans, it also has some support, doesn't it. an april poll found that half the states voters to support this. if half the states voters to support this.— half the states voters to support this. if you look at texas and _ support this. if you look at texas and across - support this. if you look at texas and across the - support this. if you look at i texas and across the country there is no state in the nation where banning abortion is popular and i think no matter how you feel about abortion, we can all agree that a lot like this allows your neighbour and abusive partner, a complete stranger, to basically become a vigilante and sue you, it's assumed they neighbour law for making your own personal medical decision and it's not something that anybody wants
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these are decisions that everybody should have the freedom to make on their own with theirfamilies and freedom to make on their own with their families and loved ones and medical providers. we do not want politicians making these decisions for us we certainly do not want complete strangers doing that either. the group of medical experts which advises the uk government on vaccines has announced that up to half a million people across the country will be offered a third covid jab in the coming months. thejoint committee on vaccination and immunisation says it will be targetting people with severely weakened immune systems. however, thejcvi has still not decided whether 12 to 15 year olds should be vaccinated. 0ur medical editor, fergus walsh, reports: this daily cocktail of immunosuppressant medication is vital to prevent howell cohen's body from rejecting the kidney donated by his father. but the transplant medication also blocked his immune system from developing protection from two doses
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of covid vaccine. the ao—year—old from north london is now eligible for a third dose. it's going to be really great for me to have a booster and hopefully give me some vaccine protection, and the ability to return to normal life, do things that other people are doing without thinking about it. but at the same time, it's not clear if the booster is going to work for myself and people like me, so we really do need to carry on looking at other treatments. see if there's any on here. as well as transplant patients like hal, those with blood cancers or advanced hiv will also be eligible. they will all receive pfizer or moderna jabs. we hope it will top up their immunity levels. some of these people will not have amounted a good antibody or t cell memory response to two doses of the vaccine, and we are hoping it may help those individuals. there are two more big decisions due on vaccines — firstly, whether the over 80s
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should get a booster dose to help with waning immunity, and secondly, what aboutjabs for younger teens? with the new school year getting under way, there is mounting urgency for a decision on whether all 12 to 15—year—olds should be offered a covid vaccine. currently, only those with specific health conditions are eligible, but the scientists making the recommendation say they want to see new data on the benefits and risks. this is emma, just before she got covid. more than a year later, the 14—year—old often struggles to walk because of persistent nausea and dizziness. a new study has found a significant minority of children do get long covid. yeah, so i had to be in a wheelchair, because basically the dizziness is triggered or it gets worse by me walking around. if i start walking around, ijust feel like i'm going to pass out, so it was very
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hard for me to get around school. vaccinating all over 12s would help suppress covid outbreaks in schools. the us, france, spain and italy have all taken this approach. a final decision in the uk may come next week. fergus walsh, bbc news. let's go back to afghanistan. with the taliban now back in control — the country s dwindling sikh community faces an uncertain future. the history of sikhism in afghanistan dates back to the 16th century. but many sikhs have fled since this latest taliban takeover — even despite assurances that they would be safe under the hardline islamist group. karanjee gaba is an afghan—sikh refugee who left afghanistan with his family back in 2007. he's now a model, living and working in london. he told me more about the history of sikhism in afghanistan.
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it is dating back to the 15th century and since when coming to afghanistan, he left his presence there and since then, the growth of the sikh community has grown since then. we have been growing for centuries and centuries. my ancestors and my family have been living in afghanistan until things got worse and we had to leave the country and come here or my family members have to go around the other cities. how strong is the sikh presence left in afghanistan? can it survive the latest upheaval? at the moment, not a lot of sikhs are left behind now. so from what i know, there were some few that were living there but now have left the city and also in kabul as well. so, there about a hundred or 200 people living and staying in the area.
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but because things got worse, and they have fled to other places so from my knowledge from what i know and what i've heard from sources that i know of, thereby two to five people at the area that will be looking after the sikh society and other than that, i do not know how many people are left behind. i know it is difficult to speculate what kind of treatment they might get in the future but the taliban has provided some assurances that minorities will be looked after, despite the fact that there will be islamist rule in the country. what are people telling you about how safe they feel or how convinced they are of this? so, a lot of people have said obviously nothing is happening right now, but from the previous experiences, they are very
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unsure of what step the taliban might take because right now, they have short amount might take because right now, they have assured they would be supporting them in case something goes wrong, but they do not know what the future holds. this might be something they have said to maybe cool things down but in the future, no one really knows what is going to happen. as you can see, a lot of people have fled the city because of the taliban. but it is very uncertain of what is going to happen even with the history of sikhism, we are very uncertain of what is going to happen because there is no one there to look after the historical places and it's very disheartening to see that our people are leaving their own homes. you have been watching newsday.
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a reminder of our main news this hour. afghanistan is facing an major economic crisis as the value of its currency falls, sending the price of everyday necessities soaring. many public services are close to collapse. the taliban say the problems will be dealt with when a new government is in place — which is expected within days that's all for now — stay with bbc world news. hello there. on wednesday, it was a lovely day across scotland and northern ireland. wide spread sunshine and pretty warm with 25 celsius recorded in sterlingshire. further south for england and wales it was rather cloudy. the next few days it is similar set up. the best of the sunshine across the north, more cloud in the south. it's this area of high pressure that we've had for nearly two weeks now. pretty much in the same position bringing back east or northeast airflow. so a lot of cloud generally to start the day thursday. eventually we start to see the cloud breaking up across scotland and northern ireland and into northern england was up increasing sunshine here, it will turn quite warm to the afternoon. but again, for much of england and wales, a lot of cloud around. some sunny breaks here and there, more of a breeze again across the south
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and through the channel. lighter winds further north, could see temperatures reach the low to be 20s in the sunny spots across scotland. otherwise for most for you have the cloud around 17—19, 20 degrees. 0ur area of high pressure still around with us on friday. moving a little bit towards the east but still bringing an easterly wind. they will be a lot of cloud still wrapped up in this system. and again friday pretty similar, most of the cloud i think across central, southern eastern areas, the cloud i think across central, southern eastern areas, the best of the sunshine towards the west where it will feel a little bit warmer. as we head on into the weekend we start to see our area of high pressure drift in towards the near continent with low pressure approaching from the west, that's going to allow a run of southerly winds to develop across the country. and we start to tap into some warmth across france. i think a gradual process but during the weekend temperatures will be climbing up gradually. we should start to see increasing amount of sunshine as we draw up some dryer air from the south. saturday pretty similar to how thursday and friday shape up but quite a bit of cloud around. i think later in the day there are signs of increasing sunshine across southern england, south wales.
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that will push the temperatures up to 23 degrees or so. but for most again, the mid to high teens or up to around 20. i think on sunday there's a greater chance of seeing more wide spread sunshine. certainly a brighter day for much of england and wales then we've had over the past week. as winds coming in from the south from france pushing up into around the mid 20s across the south or high teens further north. and then it's warmer still into the start of next week. could be looking at values closer to the mid to upper 20s celsius, particularly across central and southern areas.
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this is bbc news. we will have the headlines and all the main news stories for you at the top of the hour as newsday continues straight after hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk, i'm stephen sackur. the taliban now have the afghanistan they fought forfor two decades, a country rid of american and nato troops, theirs to bend to their will. or maybe it's not as simple as that. can the taliban afford to forego international aid and economic assistance? do they need to build alliances both inside


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