welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. a humanitarian crisis with an exodus of desperate haitians, the us special envoy for haiti resigns in protest at his government's deportation policy, calling it inhumane and counter—productive. the german election campaign enters its final days — as the frontrunners to succeed angela merkel hold their last televised debate. we'll bring you highlights from that debate. also on newsday: a divided society — we look at the plight of migrant workers here in singapore, who have largely been banned from mixing with the general public since the start
of the pandemic. we deserve something better as a human being, so we want that and we want our privileges back. and — we continue our series looking at what life is like at 50 degrees celsius — a temperature already reached this year in sydney. it's eight in the morning in singapore, and eight in the evening in haiti — where the us special envoy, daniel foote, resigned earlier, describing the biden administration's policy of deporting haitian migrants as inhumane. the announcement was made after video footage emerged of us border agents on horseback forcing haitian
migrants back into a river on the border with mexico. from there, our correspondent, will grant reports. in the dead of night, immigration agents in northern mexico drag haitian families from their hotels as they sleep. just miles from their destination, they can go no further, no matter how desperate they are. even if they made it, they would have been greeted by scenes like this. as migrants attempted to cross from mexico to a makeshift camp in texas this week, they were pushed back by mounted border patrol officers using whips. the biden administration has already deported thousands back to haiti, prompting the us special envoy to resign in protest. deportation is these people's worst nightmare. having travelled from south america to the border town of mexicali, they gather in a haitian restaurant for the only meal a day they can afford. this man has lost more than most. his mother died and his father
was left badly injured as the family home collapsed in the recent earthquake. having traversed 11 countries and the dense jungle of the darien gap to get here, he says he can't be sent back now. translation: there is nothing for me in haiti, nothing. - if they're going to send me back, they may as welljust kill me, just end it all. the late summer temperatures in mexicali are brutal. beyond this border wall lie many miles of inhospitable desert. yet the haitians who have arrived here in recent days say they will endure almost anything to avoid the same fate as many of their countrymen — deported from texas back to a country on its knees. meanwhile, there is no sign of an end to this crisis. tens of thousands of haitians are scattered in scores of mexican cities, and many thousands more are trapped en route in colombia. in truth, very few will be let into the us.
migrant rights groups say the biden administration's policy towards haitians is exclusionary and racist. the united states has functioned for hundreds of years as a country that has not welcomed, provided opportunity, or provided justice to black people. and i think anyone who does this type of work at this point could not look themselves in the mirror and not say that there's an effort by the united states government to keep black people from entering. the biden administration is facing its biggest border crisis yet, but so far, its answers are the same as the trump administration's. across mexico, police continue to intercept buses and raid hotel rooms. close bilateral cooperation, or doing the americans�* dirty work. for the haitians travelling north, it amounts to the same thing. will grant, bbc news, mexicali. fransiska lucyun is the executive director of the institute forjustice and democracy in haiti,
and one of the civil rights leaders who have written a letter to the biden administration. they're calling for an end to what they say are cruel policies against indigenous and black and brown communities. she told me what she believes is wrong with the current policy. the main concerns that we highlight is the fact that title 42 explosions themselves really deny migrants and their right to seek asylum. i think while we see the images along the border, we need to put into context the numbers of those individuals. patient migrants, according to data, account for less than 2% of encounters on the southern border over the past 12 months. yet this group has been targeted for what's reported to have the potential to become the fastest and largest expulsion of migrants in recent decades. these expulsions, under title 42, which has been misconstrued, denies write migrants their access to submit an asylum claim.
we're looking at some of the horrific images of what's been happening over the last couple of dates, but the white house is now saying forces will no longer be used in that area to corral migrants. do you think that goes far enough? no, that's not a sufficient step. really, what would be an appropriate response is to hold these expulsions that are happening along the border. and more so, to move away from policies that target haitian migrant communities. there's a history here. whether it was in the 1980s, when in an effort to deter immigration from haiti, the us created detention facilities, whether it was in the 1990s, with the deportation of migrants directly to guantanamo bay, or in 2016 with the metering policy, which we are seeing the outcome of that denial of immigrants to be able to easily submit asylum claims.
but at the same time, it is a massive challenge for the biden administration, managing the scale of this crisis. thousands of people at the border, and all of this takes time and money. what recommendations do you have to try and solve this? i think as a first step, we're all calling for immigration needs to be met with respect for human dignity and the rights of individuals seeking asylum, and that includes the halt of title 42 deportations. additionally, 56 members of congress outlined recommendations in the letter to the recommend vow administration. to indefinitely hold deportations to haiti, especially in consideration of the political and humanitarian conditions that prompted the administration itself to revaccinate haiti for protected test status —— redesignate haiti. and also extending tps.
that was francisco lucian. and you can get plenty more on this story on our website, including an article looking at how some the shocking images on the us border are drawing dark comparisons to us slavery and the country's historical mistreatment of black people. just head to bbc.com/news or download the bbc news app seven of the main candidates in germany's general election have clashed over the future direction of the eu in a final televised debate ahead of polling day on sunday. our correspondent in berlin damien mcguinness watched the debate.
with just three days to go before the election, this debate was a final chance for party leaders to win over voters. topics ranged from affordable housing and the national debt to climate change and how to deal with china. the current leader in the polls is olaf scholz, the centreleft social democrat to replace angela merkel. when asked about the new aukus security pact between the uk, australia and the us, mr scholz said germany should work together with france to create a stronger europe. "i can understand the irritation that france felt about how the defence pact was worked out," he said. his conservative rival, armin laschet, who is lagging
behind slightly in the polls, said that europe needed to act independently and cited the american withdrawal from afghanistan. "we need common european defence projects for when the us pulls back," he said. this election campaign has been unusual in many ways. the polls have been erratic, there are more swing voters than ever before and unprecedented numbers are undecided. in one poll, 40% of people say they still haven't made their minds up. whoever they do choose, though, it's likely that after the elections, coalition talks will be long and complicated. all of this means that this is one of the most unpredictable elections modern germany has ever known. damien mcguinness, bbc news, berlin. its the turn of australia, india, and japan to meet joe biden in washington on friday, when he hosts
the first in—person meeting of the quadrilateral security dialogue or. the network came together in may 2007 and formed an alliance to share information on intelligence and defence. what's never formally on the agenda, but certainly dominates the discussion and thinking, is china. that's a point i picked up with tom rafferty, regional director, asia at the economist intelligence unit in beijing.(tx sot australia and states have long—standing diplomatic disputes with china so all members are motivated by concerns about china. if you look at what the quad is working on now in terms of
health, security, vaccine bailout and stuff you can see they are keen to give the impression they are working together on issues more than china surges an emerging agenda still. i do think china views the quads and the growing these countries to the united states? i think with concern. the obscene dynamics emerge involving the trilateral security partnership as well. china has described acquired as age a buzz about nato so it is concerned that other countries in the region are banding together forming in the region are banding togetherforming closer together forming closer partnerships and alliances that may affect its own strategic position in the region and ability to project power so it is concerned and it is asking itself why countries will need to do this. i think probably it is also considering how it can respond effectively to it. does
need to, for example, develop closer security partnerships with some of its closer partners and friends including russia, for example. china is clearly worried about the way this is going and will be watching quite carefully deceiver becomes more important, more organised in terms of confronting and managing china's rise in the region. managing china's rise in the reuion. ~ . ., region. what can the quad, effectively. _ region. what can the quad, effectively, do _ region. what can the quad, effectively, do and - region. what can the quad, effectively, do and what. region. what can the quad, effectively, do and what is| region. what can the quad, l effectively, do and what is on the agenda in terms of trying to counter china's influence? it's traditionally focused on defence issues and that will be an ongoing focus particularly in relation to china though to supporting and cooperating military exercises, and it is going to be an important focus. it is key to show that it has more than hard power so that is why you see the agenda emerging around trade, health and so on. because it wants to show that the response is notjust a
security response. the quad can also provide public goods and be an economic force in the region. it is still a long way to go before they are capable of doing when you look at china's response and how china is pushing forward at the moment with participation so the big trade deals in the region it is a tough game and china in some ways has some advantages in that area. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. taiwan says china has flown i9 warplanes towards the island — one of the biggest incursions in months. the chinese aircraft included fighterjets and two nuclear—ca pable bombers. beijing now regularly flies military planes near taiwan, reinforcing its claim of sovereignty over the island. beijing has said it could invade taiwan if it ever declares itself an independent nation. the catalan leader, carles puigdemont, who tried to declare independence from spain, has been arrested in italy on a spanish arrest warrant — after four years as a fugitive.
spain wants to extradite the former president of catalonia, to face charges of rebellion. he has been living in exile in belgium. if you wanyt to get in touch with me i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. we continue our series looking what life is like at 50 degrees celcius — a temperture already reached this year in sydney.
benjohnson, the fastest man on earth, is flying home to canada in disgrace. all athletes should be clean going into the games. i'm just happy that justice is served. it is a simple fact that this morning, these people were in their homes. tonight, those homes have been burnt down by serbian soldiers and police. all the taliban positions alongj here have been strengthened, presumably in case i the americans invade. it's no use having a secret service which cannot preserve its own secrets against the world, and so the british government has no option but to continue this action, even after any adverse judgment in australia.
concorde had crossed the atlantic faster than any plane ever before, breaking the record by six minutes. this is newsday on the bbc. a humanitarian crisis with an exodus of desperate haitians, the us special envoy for haiti resigns in protest at his government's deportation policy, calling it inhumane and counter—productive. the german election campaign enters its final days — as the frontrunners to succeed angela merkel hold a final televised debate. ever since a series of covid—i9 outbreaks in dormitories last year, migrant labourers in singapore have been banned from mixing with the general public. for the past 18 months, the majority of workers have only been allowed out of their facilities to go to work. but with one of the highest vaccination rates in the world, singapore and its government are facing increasing pressure to let them out. nick marsh spoke to some
of the men longing to leave. it's been one of the world's longest lockdowns. behind this barbed wire, there's talk of a growing mental health crisis — thousands of men confined in dormitories, leaving only to work. for sharif, things are starting to get too much. i want to send a message to singapore government. we long time in dormitory, so many people are mentally anguished. so, we need to release... we need to allow to go out. please. and with 80% of the public and 90% of workers now vaccinated, experts say that the confinement policy isn't protecting anyone. after 18 months, it's very clear that the mental health challenges, the social isolation are all really bubbling up. speaking as a public health professional, i would say that the covid—19 concerns are massively overblown.
we can strike a better balance. recently, a handful were allowed out. they were given four hours near a hindu temple as part of a pilot scheme. feel free to share your i thoughts on this location. the government invited us to meet one of them. the authorities call the outing a milestone. the conditions are different. most of the workers live
in common conditions, and that's why the measures put in place have to take into cognizance of that. but the workers who spoke to the bbc said they felt they were being punished for their substandard living conditions rather than protected from the virus. tasrif shares a room with 18 others. we deserve something better as a human being, so we want that and we want our privileges back. the government told us they look to ensure workers have access to mental health support, but they remain separated from the general public, known officially in singapore as the community. it's been a year and a half now, and for the men who live here, nothing has changed. they're still waiting for the day they can finally leave. but in all this time, the message that they have received has been loud and clear — there are those in singapore who are part of the community, and then there are those who are not. nick marsh, bbc news, singapore. in the latest edition of our global warming series on what life is like at 50 degrees celsius, we focus on australia. climate change has had a devastating impact
on the country, with soaring temperatures and unusually intense bush fires. hanan razek reports. (tx it's been called the black summer. between 2019—2020, a prolonged heat wave caused huge bushfires across large parts of australia. itjust was extremely hot, and everyone was starting to get worried day by day until it happened. india and her family were among those hit by the fires in a rural area of southern australia. coming this way! oh, my! no, no, no! i thought we were going to lose the house, but ijust calmed down for a second and the fire kept going up the mountain. herfamily managed to save their home, but at least 3000 other houses were lost in the fires. i'm worried for my future, i'm worried that this
house won't be here in another five years. scientists say the risk of weather conditions fuelling fires is 30% higher than it was 100 years ago because of climate change. there's very strong evidence — irrefutable evidence, in fact — that the climate of australia has changed, especially over the last 50—70 years. we're still in the middle - of this heat wave as we head into the christmas period. i have a two—year—old and a four—year—old daughter. it really bothers me that the world that they're experiencing now is a lot different to my childhood. sarah and herfamily were living in sydney in 2020 when the suburb of penrith was the hottest place on earth, officially reaching a high of 48.9 degrees celsius. the heatwave had a deadly impact on some indigenous species. i've just come down to these trees to give these bats some water. i don't know what to do, honestly. this one died. we've had many that have died.
australia has the highest carbon emissions per capita of the world's richest nations. it's also rated the worst for climate policy in the 2020 international climate change performance index. the country's prime minister rejected the findings that seven out of ten australians say they want their government to take more action in combating climate change. what plants do you think would be planted in our backyard? strawberries. you want strawberries? people like sarah are already making changes. she has decided to relocate her family to a cooler city than sydney. sarah is building an eco—friendly home on this plot. as a scientist, i know how bad the future looks. but as a mum, as a person, i guess as a human being, i really struggle withjust how bad those impacts will be. hanan razek, bbc news.
and queen letizia of spain visited the island to meet some of those who have been evacuated to a local barracks. experts had originally predicted the lava would hit the atlantic ocean potentially causing explosions and sending out clouds of toxic gases. good evening. it's been unusually warm september so far. we've got a few more warm days to come as we head towards the weekend and for many of us, today was a pretty warm affair. three degrees 23 degrees the top temperature in the midlands, compared with just ten in shetland.
you know how politicians are sometimes criticised and people go, oi, you muppet, why did you say that? yes. hmm. you know that phrase—du—jour at the moment, "lean in"? well, borisjohnson sort of leant in to that by actually quoting the muppets when he was at, i can't believe i'm saying this, the united nations general assembly. here's how it went. when kermit the frog, kermit the frog sang l it's not easy being green... do you remember that one? i want you to know| that he was wrong. he was wrong. it is easy. it's not only easy, . it's lucrative and it's right to be green. he was also unnecessarily rude to miss piggy, - i thought, kermit the frog. do you remember that one? it wasn't met with an overwhelming wall of noise. well, you have to also remember, at the united nations meetings, lots of very august