hello, welcome to bbc news. i'm lewis vaughan—jones. the headlines: a special report on the refugees passing through i run, heading for turkey. this is full of risk but many feel this is their best hope. important new data from the uk shows one in six of those critically ill with covid—i9 are pregnant women who have not received a vaccine. britain reaffirms its security focus in asia, one of the uk's largest warships arrived in singapore. making a statement in the world of comic books, superman's sun comes out as bisexual.
iam seeing i am seeing people saying that they were bursting into tears when they read the news, that they wished that superman was this when they were growing up. welcome to our viewers from pbs and around the globe. turkish authorities have boosted security on the border with iran and say they will not accept an influx of migrants and refugees fleeing the taliban in afghanistan. many refugees make the trip hoping to travel onwards to other european countries. turkey already has the world's largest refugee population of around 4 million people. our international correspondent has been to the turkish border province and sent this report.
turkey is cracking down on those who sneak across the border. even those in this smuggler�*s safe house, who may have fled in fear from the taliban. well, the operation here has taken just a few minutes. there are about a0 men inside, sitting down, looking tired, some looking quite scared. the conditions are pretty squalid and the police here are telling us they believe these men have come from afghanistan. we were flown across van province to turkey's remote eastern border, where many try to enter. if they can get past this, turkey's border wall with iran. built three years ago and now being extended. since the fall of kabul, reinforcements have arrived. there's been an about—face in turkey on refugees and migrants. the country has
already absorbed 3.6 million syrians. the local governor says there will be no influx across this border. the watchtowers here were funded by the european union. it doesn't want a new wave of arrivals reaching its doors. take a look at the terrain here. this is a mountainous region. it's exposed, the ground is rough, and crossing iran to reach the turkish border here can take a month or more. the journey is full of risk, but some afghans still feel this is their best hope. like this group, who we
found on turkish soil. among them, men who stood against the taliban. like this man from kabul. here he was, proudly serving his country. he told me in recent weeks the taliban have killed some of his brothers in arms, despite promising an amnesty. soon they were on the move and on the run, hoping to avoid capture by the turkish police. "0k, 0k, we're coming," he tells the waiting smuggler.
but since we filmed these pictures, some of the men have been detained. they can no longer go forward, and they dare not go back. orla guerin, bbc news, on the turkish—iranian border. the un secretary the un secretary has the un secretary has urged the un secretary has urged the the un secretary has urged the international community to inject liquidity into the afghan economy. that is to stave off a catastrophic economic collapse. he said ways needed to be found to allow the country's on me to breathe again without violating international laws or compromising principles, but there is criticism for him making promises on guaranteeing rights for women and girls. a report by mps as described uk government's response to the early covena nting government's response to the early covenanting pandemic is one of the worst values ever.
the approach backed by scientists was to try and manage the situation and achieve herd immunity. this led to a delay in introducing the first lockdown, costing lives. however, the report praised the swift vaccine rollout and called it one of the most effective initiatives in uk history. a full public enquiry is expected next year. pregnant women are being urged to get the covid vaccine following concerns about the growing number with the virus needing the most serious treatment in critical care. new data shows one in six of the most critically ill patients in hospital in the uk are pregnant and unvaccinated. with more details on the findings, here is our health editor. we've been trying to have a baby for a long time now. i can't believe we're still both here, to be honest. it's not long now, and he's going to be in the world. claire is reliving her covid ordeal injuly, seriously ill when she was 26 weeks pregnant
and then on a ventilator in intensive care for 12 days. i thought i was going to die, and i thought he was going to die and we'd waited so long for this family that that was the greatest fear, that my husband was going to lose us both. claire did her own research on the vaccines, but by the time she decided to have the jab, it was too late, she'd got the virus. along with medical experts, she's appealing to expectant mums to get vaccinated. some said guidelines earlier this year were confusing, but health leaders now say it's clear, covid can create serious risks for pregnant women. if they become unwell with covid—i9, they're more likely to need intensive care. they're also more likely to give birth prematurely, and that has long—term effects for the baby. they�* re u nfortu nately more likely to have a stillbirth and much more likely to have a cesarean section. here at royal papworth hospital in cambridge, there's a specialist unit using
technology known as ecmo, in effect, an artificial lung. some women who'vejust had their babies have become so sick that they've had to be brought here to this unit for treatment with the most intensive form of life support available for covid—i9 patients. rachel is a consultant here. she's witnessed the heartache for mothers treated away from their babies. i think it's devastating for the mother, for the family and for our staff seeing a woman being separated from their babies for weeks, could be months. often see tears in the unit from both sides. sultana was one of those mums. her twins were delivered by emergency cesarean because she was so ill with covid. she had to be transferred without them to intensive care at royal papworth. while i was asleep, my twins were born. i had no idea my babies are born.
they are kept somewhere else. i'm lying down somewhere else, deteriorating, and...they were taking the decisions on my life, thinking, "ok, this woman might not going to make it." sultana says she didn't get to hold her baby girls for weeks. for 41 days, this will always be a gap in my life. my husband was taking care of them, changing their nappies. my sister was doing that while i was not doing that. that gap can never be filled. regardless, i have the diaries, i have the photos, i was seeing them through the screen. so i wouldn't want any woman to face what i faced. we're so excited today, huh?
these are happier times. she hadn't had a jab because she got ill in the early stages of the vaccine rollout, but her plea to all expectant mothers is to get vaccinated as it can help families as well as protecting mums—to—be. hugh pym, bbc news. doctor danieljones on social media is an american obstetrician and gynaecologist based in austin, texas. thank you for coming on the programme. thank you for having me. we had those tough stories there of mothers being separated from their babies. it is a really difficult issue to think about, but something that is really important — here, we focus on the uk figures. is there something you recognise where you are? yes, absolutely, these stories are all too real, i see this time and time again in my patience and it seems worse now with the delta variant than at other parts of the pandemic,
stories we are seeing everywhere. is this hesitancy to get the vaccine? a hangoverfrom not having information at the beginning of the pandemic? what's going on? you beginning of the pandemic? what's going on? you know, i would never _ what's going on? you know, i would never falter _ what's going on? you know, i would never falter mother - what's going on? you know, i would never falter mother for| would never falter mother for being worried about getting the vaccine. there has been so much misinformation out there. pandemic medicine is a scary and everybodyjust wants to do the best thing for themselves and their baby, but at this point we do know that the vaccines are safe in pregnancy and protect against these very scary, very severe outcomes that pregnant people are more likely to have, and that they are not associated with any increased risk to the pregnancy or the baby. and more widely away from mums to be, there is a generally quite high level, relative, of vaccine hesitancy in texas? yes, we are experiencing higher than average levels of hesitancy, and i think people are confused. there are a lot of things going around that may
not be able to be teased out to see what is true, but the fingers is that we now have a lot of signs on and data indicates it is both effective and safe for pregnant people but also the general population as well. if there is one people to get out to people it would be to please get vaccinated. going back to the specific issues with mothers, new mothers in the hospital, what are some of the complications? we know from the data that they are the most seriously ill in hospital, they require the most serious treatment — what does that mean? yes, about 50% of people who are pregnant and get the delta variant to become symptomatic will have moderate to severe symptoms, and out of those who have to be hospitalised, about one in seven will end up in intensive care units. there, you will have an increased risk for being on a ventilator, being transferred for the artificial long they were talking about, basically a
last—ditch effort to let your lungs and heart rest so the machines can do that work for you. all of these things are a risk to the person who is pregnant but we also see an increased risk of preterm delivery, like she was discussing with her preterm twins, and like claire discussed in the segment before. these are things i see as well, things we see in the data as it comes out. these are very real, they are very scary standing at the bedside and watching this disease process as an obstetrician, it is unlike anything i have ever witnessed. 0k, thank you very much for coming on and talking to us. thank you. let's get some of the news — a small plane has crashed into a residential area in san diego, california, killing at least two people and injuring two others. the accident happened two blocks from high school. when say the plane was tilting before falling to the ground where crashed on a lorry,
causing a fire and damaging homes. the north korean leader says his country's weapons department is necessary in the face of hostile american policies. kimjong—un face of hostile american policies. kim jong—un says pyongyang is building up its military in a not to start a war. north korea has pushed ahead with its and nuclear programmes defiance of international sanctions. stay with us on bbc news, coming up — a rare vintage archaeologist bind, more than 1000 years old. parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area where most of the damage was done, they are more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced
and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb . which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, i ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not weaken, democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have been chosen as the recipient of this foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation - held its breath for the men they called the 33. and then, bells tolled i nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar. - welcome back. this is bbc news. the headlines. in turkey, authorities have boosted security on the border with iran and warned they won't
accept an influx of migrants and refugees fleeing the taliban in afghanistan. important new data from the uk shows one in six of those most critically ill with covid—19 are pregnant women who have not received a vaccine. the creators of superman have announced the superhero's son will come the creators of superman have announced the superhero's son will come out the creators of superman have announced the superhero's son will come out as the creators of superman have announced the superhero's son will come out as bisexual the creators of superman have announced the superhero's son will come out as bisexual in next edition of the comic. jonathan kent is the latest superhero to come out following versions of captain america, a command. a superman as we have never seen him before. john kent is coming out as bisexual. the creators say the man of steel has always stood for hope, truth and justice and now presents something more. when i was offered this job, now presents something more. when i was offered thisjob, i thought, if we will have a new superman for the dc universe, it feels like a missed
opportunity. dc comics publisherjim lee said in a statement, we can be prouder to tell this important story. the comic isn't due to be released until november, but there has been plenty of reaction online already. been plenty of reaction online alread . ., , ., already. the reactions have been, honestly _ already. the reactions have been, honestly they - already. the reactions have been, honestly they have i already. the reactions have . been, honestly they have been overwhelmingly positive, which i wasn't quite expecting. yes, there is a lot of trolling online, but there are so many people reaching out in so many different languages saying what this means to them. tweets of people saying they burst into tears when they read the news. that they wished that superman was this when they were growing up, that they could see themselves and people saying for the first time they are seeing themselves in superman something they never thought was possible. his something they never thought was possible.— was possible. his sexuality isn't the — was possible. his sexuality isn't the only _ was possible. his sexuality isn't the only way - was possible. his sexuality isn't the only way the - isn't the only way the character has been updated. in recent editions the has been advocating for refugees and fighting the climate crisis. is it a bird, is fighting the climate crisis. is ita bird, is ita plane fighting the climate crisis. is it a bird, is it a plane or is ita bird, is ita plane or is it a bird, is it a plane or is it social change?
now, the british aircraft carrier hms queen elizabeth is currently docked in singapore. the command of the royal navy uk strike group says the uk will base more ships in asia to demonstrate a stronger military presence. the step by britain and its western allies is linked to china by the growing militarisation indices that are vital to the movement of trillions of dollars of global trade. this is the hms queen elizabeth. she's an impressive vessel — 280m in length and taller than the niagara falls. she left the uk in may and has been travelling through asia where the british navy has conducted joint military exercises with british allies, including south korea, and here in singapore. most recently, she has been travelling through the south china sea and it is being seen as a real demonstration of british military might. this is a part of the world where the navy has probably retreated in the last 20 years,
but the recent review has made it quite clear we want to have a more persistent and enduring presence here. queen elizabeth is the first step. i think you will see the air force exercising with other air forces and the british army exercising with other armies, we'll see exchange programmes and education programmes and science and technology. i think that is how we'll symbolise that the indo—pacific is important to the united kingdom. one—third of the world's trade flows through the south china sea, the growing economies here, so it is natural tat united kingdom, you know, wants to have a presence and a say and be involved in this really important region. there are two new vessels on their way now from panama to singapore, and they will stay here on an ongoing basis — a clear sign that the uk's pivot to asia is for the long haul. steve yates worked for the national security agency and the department of defence and served as a national security advisor to vice president dick cheney. he says china under president xijinping changes
president xi jinping changes military president xijinping changes military posture in the south china sea. yeah, i do think that china has become more vocal, more open and aggressive under xi jinping as party secretary. 0bviously for many, many decades, china has built up its military capability, as is its right to do. but there is really only one major revisionist power in asia when it comes to freedom of navigation by sea, by land or by air, and it's china. so, these freedom of navigation exercises by other powers make it clear that this is not china versus the united states, this is pro—freedom of navigation and maintaining the status quo. unfortunately we don't get to know what the truth is about with the chinese leaders will do. we only know what they say. i think it would be a mistake to assume that it is political theatre only, but they do maximise
bullying and pressure campaigns. i think it's very, very important to recognise there are problems inside of china that its leadership would like to turn attention away from, whether it's financial issues or demographic changes, changes in supply chains, there's a lot of pressure on china domestically and these nationalist flame—fanning exercises are a typical tactic of the leadership to rally around the flag and turn support toward them. let's see what else is hitting headlines around the world. iraq has captured a high—level member of the so—called islamic state group and is alleged to have been running its finances. they announced the arrest, saying it involved a complex operation outside iraq. the italian parliament is debating a possible ban on neofascist political parties. it comes after protests in rome at the weekend by far right political activists demonstrating against the covid green pass which requires workers to be vaccinated have a negative test.
he boldly went when others have been before, but now william shatner, captain kirk in star trek, will finally get his chance to go into space. he will be on board a spacecraft developed by geoff bezos, and at 90, he will become the oldest person to enter the final frontier. as cool and calm as captainjames t kirk. for decades, he played a character synonymous with space exploration. now, at 90, he's about to boldly go where no nonagenarian sci—fi star has gone before. what a thing to happen. "he's the oldest guy that went into space!" i want to have the vision. i want to see space. i want to see the earth. i want to see what we need to do to save earth. i want to have a perspective that hasn't been shown to me before. and you're going to hear the engine cut off... his highly anticipated blast—off has reignited interest in both the star trek...
that's exactly what i would have done. ..and blue 0rigin brands, taking the world of pr to a stratospheric level. now, fire blind, lay down a pattern. it comes amid claims the space company has a toxic environment and failed to adhere to proper safety protocols, accusations it denies. thatjust hasn't been my experience at blue. we're exceedingly thorough, from the earliest days up through now as we've started our human flights, and safety has always been our top priority. # rocket man # burning out his fuse out here alone...# there's debate over whether he'll return to earth an astronaut, but as he himself said, he will be a real rocket man. fantastic! like blue 0rigin owner and star trek superfan jeff bezos, he'll experience zero gravity before gliding back to earth. the billionaires leading this space race say it's more than a rocket—fuelled ego trip. yeah! well done! they claim it could help us all to live long and prosper.
sophie long, bbc news, west texas. archaeologists in israel have evacuated a 1500 —year—old winemaking site said to have been the world bob mcleod at the time. it is the size of a football pitch. a warrant of previously hidden rooms and chambers and insight as to how life was lived more than a thousand years ago. in these spaces, grapes were fermented, wine was stored, drink was produced on an almost industrial scale. there are many, many wine presses that have been found during excavations, hundreds of wine presses. what is a big deal? it is the size of the complex and it is all clustered
together to create one whole unit. �* . . , together to create one whole unit. �* . ., , , unit. the ballantyne empire lasted more _ unit. the ballantyne empire lasted more than _ unit. the ballantyne empire lasted more than a - unit. the ballantyne empire| lasted more than a thousand years and covered much of the mediterranean, north africa and the middle east. it was estimated to have a population of 25 million people. around one in ten of the planet's population. in an age where undeclared water could carry disease, almost everyone was obliged to seek an alternative. even babies and small children drank water with wine, and the sweet taste of the wine, it sweetens the water and it was a real hit during the byzantine period. real hit during the byzantine eriod. , ., , real hit during the byzantine eriod. , ., period. dozens of drugs and kilns were _ period. dozens of drugs and kilns were also _ period. dozens of drugs and kilns were also uncovered . period. dozens of drugs and l kilns were also uncovered and dna analysis of grape pips might help scientists understand the kinds of wine produced here. as to its taste, it remains a mystery. an ancient text describe it as light and agreeable.
that is it from me. this is bbc news. hello. it was a chilly start to monday for many a morning commuter, and it will be again on tuesday morning for one or two, particularly across some southern counties of england and south wales, as well as the far north—east of scotland. it's these areas where you'll have the clearest of the skies to begin with. in between, temperatures much higher than they were on monday, and that's because of this weather front and the cloud from it stretching across scotland into eastern england. and that's going to be inching a little bit further westwards as we go through tuesday. high pressure still, though, in the far west, keeping things dry. only an isolated shower possible, still some sunny spells. but a lot of cloud across scotland and northern and eastern england. that could produce some light rain or drizzle here and there, maybe as far west as the home counties as we go through into the afternoon. to the west of it, we'll keep temperatures on the high side
for this stage in october, maybe up to around 16—17 degrees. but notice down these eastern coasts of scotland and north—east england, where they're getting on the other side of that weather front, more of a northerly wind, temperatures only around 10—13 celsius. whereas by wednesday, these same areas should warm up a little bit because the wind is going to shift direction. we're going to see our area of high—pressure drift a bit further southwards. in doing so, atlantic winds will start to dominate, pushing away that weather front back eastwards in towards the north sea. but it'll reactivate across the farther north of scotland. this is where we'll see outbreaks of rain through the night into wednesday morning. and whilst there will be some pockets of chillier conditions on wednesday morning, for many, it won't be quite as chilly as tuesday. so, here's the details for wednesday. that weather front continuing to march away. there could be some light rain or drizzle close to some western parts of scotland, but most of you will have a dry day, varying amounts of cloud, some sunny spells. temperatures drop a little bit in western scotland �*cause of the breeze off the sea, but warm, as i said, down those eastern coasts, and most places still around 2—3 degrees above average. but a big drop in temperature
is on the way to the north of this weather front, which will be pushing in as we go through into thursday, with some strong and gusty winds around it. notice those blue colours pushing southwards. that will be making inroads across scotland on thursday. along with those gusty winds, outbreaks of rain which could be heavy at times too, making it towards northern ireland, maybe to the borders of england late in the day. but much of england and wales will have a dry day, a bright day, still in the milderair with highs around 16—17. but as that weather front works its way southwards and eastwards, we'll all get a bit chillier for the end of the week into the weekend. colder still across some parts of eastern scotland, but even further south, we could see temperatures this weekend in the mid—teens. bye for now.
hello, welcome to bbc news. the headlines: turkish authorities have boosted security on the border with 0rion and warned that they want and accept an influx of migrants and refugees fleeing the taliban in afghanistan. many afghans have made the perilous journey through our run to turkey, hoping to travel onwards do other european countries. pregnant women as you get the covid vaccine after concerns of the growing number with the virus needing mysterious treatment and critical care. new data shows one in six of the most critically ill in hospital are pregnant and unvaccinated. the creators of superman announced that his son will come out as bisexual and its next edition. he will share a kiss with a budding journalist, and he is the latest superhero to come out.