welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, i'm karishma vaswani. the headlines. brazil's president bolsonaro faces criminal charges over his handling of the pandemic, after a senate vote. buckingham palace announces queen elizabeth won't be travelling to glasgow next week for a major climate summit, on the advice of her doctors. the united states revokes china telecom's authority to operate in america, citing "national security" concerns. a stark warning from the un — it says the current plans of governments around the world to cut carbon fall well short of what's needed to avoid dangerous climate change. and can lego save the world's
endangered coral reefs? scientists use the famous plastic blocks to try to repair damage undersea. hello and welcome to the programme. we start with breaking news from brazil. the president, jair bolsonaro, will face charges over his handling of the pandemic after a senate vote. a report holds him responsible for many of brazil's more than 600,000 covid deaths. live now to our correspondent katy watson in brasilia. she has been focused on this storey for us all day. the
senate committee finally voting, recommending that president bolsonaro faces the charges, so what can you tell us about the developments in the last hours?— the last hours? that's right, it was a very _ the last hours? that's right, it was a very long _ the last hours? that's right, it was a very long day. - the last hours? that's right, it was a very long day. as i it was a very long day. as expected, seven senators voted to approve the report, four voted against. after a long day of discussions, as the vote got closer, some of the leading senators said some very emotional messages, after such a long hearing. we had the vice president rodriguez saying the enquiry put pressure on the government, had sped up the vaccine process, and he paid tribute to those on the front line trying to curb the pandemic. the person in charge of delivering the report said the enquiry stopped the clock on the number of deaths here in
brazil. and the president of the whole enquiry said it was now up to the federal prosecutor to look into these charges, and that is something they will be doing as of tomorrow, wednesday. they will take the report to the federal prosecutor, urging him to look into these recommendations for the criminal charges, and see whetherjair bolsonaro will stand trial. whetherjair bolsonaro will stand trial.— stand trial. indeed, as you were saying. _ stand trial. indeed, as you were saying, these - stand trial. indeed, as you - were saying, these allegations of crimes against humanity still have to be presented to the international criminal court. how much of an impact do you think this report, the findings of this report, will have on his political popularity in brazil? i have on his political popularity in brazil? i think the six months _ popularity in brazil? i think the six months of - popularity in brazil? i think the six months of hearings| popularity in brazil? i think- the six months of hearings have already impacted his popularity. whether you are for or against the enquiry, and it has divided brazilians, politicians, everybody agrees with the fact it has dented his
popularity. this time next year, brazil goes to the polls to elect a new president. how hard thatjob will be if he decides to run for the election, everybody is assuming it will be a much harder climb forjair bolsonaro, but a lot can happen in a year, especially in politics in brazil. it's a slow process now, it would be complicated, because that is how the political system in brazil works. it will be up to prosecutors to see whether they take these recommendations further, whether they will be turned into charges forjair bolsonaro to face. i turned into charges forjair bolsonaro to face.- turned into charges forjair bolsonaro to face. i know it's a hugely _ bolsonaro to face. i know it's a hugely complicated - bolsonaro to face. i know it'sl a hugely complicated process. these things can take weeks if not months, particularly in brazil, with the political process there, but briefly talk us through what we can expect in the coming weeks as a result of these findings. the in the coming weeks as a result of these findings.— of these findings. the most important _ of these findings. the most important thing, _ of these findings. the mosti important thing, something mentioned just ahead of the
vote, is the federal prosecutor. he will get a copy of the report, in fact it gets sent electronically, but the seven senators who are anti—government, will physically take the report and it would be a closed meeting. at that point we don't expect much to happen, it's almost symbolic, if you like, but we are not expecting any kind of public discussion. the prosecutor is expected to come back within 30 days, but nothing is certain in brazil. that is the issue... the prosecutor was appointed by bolsonaro, where does it go? will he feel the need to investigate? there is an awful lot of evidence are in the six months of hearings, and that is what has shocked so many people in brazil. for it to come to nothing would be surprising and disappointing to many here, but of course this has been a
political enquiry, not a criminal one, and that has been a criticism, it has certainly divided people here. the next few days and months will be interesting to see exactly where it goes with jair bolsonaro. where it goes with jair bolsonaro.— where it goes with jair bolsonaro. . . ., ., bolsonaro. fantastic to have ou on bolsonaro. fantastic to have you on the — bolsonaro. fantastic to have you on the programme - bolsonaro. fantastic to have you on the programme with | bolsonaro. fantastic to have - you on the programme with that fascinating analysis. let's take a look at other stories in the headlines. a us prosecutor investigating last week's accidental fatal shooting of a crew member by the actor alec baldwin says a real gun, not a prop, was used. the santa fe county district attorney described the weapon as an "antique—era appropriate gun". she said criminal charges could not be ruled out. protests have continued in sudan against the military�*s seizure of power, with reports of teargas being fired at demonstrators in the capital khartoum. the general behind the takeover said it had been carried out to avoid a civil war. the country's prime minister, abdalla hamdok, is reported to have been allowed home, after being briefly detained.
150 people suspected of buying and selling illegal goods via the dark web have been arrested, in a major international police operation. people were detained in the us, the uk and germany. police confiscated cash and virtual currencies worth tens of millions of dollars, as well as large amounts of drugs and guns. the sting operation was one of the largest ever targeting criminals in this way. flooding triggered by a powerful storm has overwhelmed the sicilian city of catania, killing at least two people. fierce storms battered southern italy for a third day on tuesday, leaving roads completely submerged in parts of the island of sicily. a blackout has left homes and businesses without electricity, while schools have been closed in the city and nearby towns. canada's prime minister, justin trudeau, has unveiled a new cabinet as he embarks on his third term in office. the reshuffled cabinet consists of 38 ministers,
with nine new appointees, and is equally split between men and women. mr trudeau was returned to power in september following a snap election which resulted in another minority liberal government. within the past few hours, it's been announced that queen elizabeth will not be attending the global climate summit which begins this weekend. the queen, who's 95, had been expected to play a key role in welcoming world leaders to the gathering in glasgow. instead, she'll record a special video message for delegates. 0ur royal correspondent, jonny dymond, has the latest. this time last week, a reception for business leaders at windsor castle, and then a trip to northern ireland was cancelled and a visit to hospital substituted. today, it was back to official engagements where a beaming queen gave a virtual audience
to the new korean ambassador, but this evening, a palace statement. i'm quite sure at the back of her mind is that she wants to be absolutely fine and fighting fit on the 14th of november for remembrance sunday, the most sacred day in her calendar. to go to glasgow and to stand in a room full of coughing, wheezing delegates from all over the world is probably an engagement too far. the message from the palace, remain calm. the queen is still carrying out official engagements, and she spoke to the chancellor about his budgetjust a few hours ago and she will address the delegates to the conference, albeit by video, and the journey to glasgow,
however, was just too long for her doctors' liking. the climate change conference is close to the heart of the queen, and when opening the welsh parliament a few weeks ago, she was overheard complaining about those who hadn't said whether they would turn up. and the queen's absence is a blow for the conference and its organiser, the government. meeting the queen is an experience few turn down, even fewer forget. her absence will take a little shine off a meeting to set with challenges. the united states has revoked china telecom's licence to operate in the country, citing national security concerns. the chinese state owned entity has 60 days to dismantle its us operations, a decision that could reignite tensions between the two powers. it marks a further move towards bipartisanship in washington
in opposition to beijing. following recommendations made under the trump administation, the fcc — under biden appointee jessica rosenworcel — found that china telecom america was subject to influence and control by the chinese state and could be forced to comply with orders from beijing without judicial oversight from us authorities. there was therefore a sigfnificant risk of espionage and deliberate disruption of us communications and services. 0ur north america correspodnet peter bowes has been analyzing the moves potential impact on sino—american relations. well it is significant for what it says about the state of us china relations. in terms of the companies operation in the united states, it has been in this country for almost 20 years. it is not huge, but of course globally china telecom is gigantic in its operations,
providing services for millions of people, more than 100 countries. but in the us, clearly it provides wireless services, information technology services. to business. and we should not be too surprised, because this harks back to the administration with the fcc, the federal communications commission, warning last april that this company was possibly facing being shut down because the us authorities feared that its technology could used for espionage and spying purposes. it's not alone in terms of this kind of treatment, certainly china mobile has also had its licence revoked a couple of years ago. so there is a theme there, which as you imply has been continued from the trump administration to that ofjoe biden. administration to that of joe biden. ., , , biden. certainly the chinese
company — biden. certainly the chinese company and _ biden. certainly the chinese company and the _ biden. certainly the chinese company and the chinese i biden. certainly the chinese i company and the chinese state have consistently denied all of these allegations. they say it's not an issue of national security, they say it is an issue of competition. but do you see this as a further strengthening of the biden administration's stance on china, and they will be more of this to come?— this to come? quite possibly. it's interesting _ this to come? quite possibly. it's interesting that _ this to come? quite possibly. it's interesting that if- this to come? quite possibly. it's interesting that if you - it's interesting that if you look at all of the various issues that divide china and the united states, and clearly there are big trade issues at stake, and there have been since the trump administration, especially during the time of donald trump, there were big differences over covid—19, there is now the taiwan issue with the military presence of china and its claims on taiwan, and the us position on that issue, lots of things divide the two countries. it's also quite possible that these issues could be compartmentalised, in other words put in a box and perhaps even though there are
differences in terms of communications and strong suspicions by the united states, it doesn't necessarily mean progress can't be made in other areas of trade. in fact this announcement came a few hours after a meeting between janet yellen and the treasury secretary and the deputy chinese premier, and they were talking about global trade issues. i'm on twitter — @bbckarishma. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme. japan's princess mako marries her college boyfriend, and leaves the royal family.
indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. 0nly yesterday, she had spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift off. of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. - this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet.
this is newsday on the bbc. 0ur headlines: brazil's president bolsonaro faces criminal charges over his handling of the pandemic, after a senate vote. buckingham palace announces queen elizabeth won't be travelling to glasgow next week for a major climate summit on the advice of her doctors. this is the emissions gap report in its 12th year. every year, it's highlighted the gap between the good intentions of countries
to bring down emissions and the reality of their plans. and once again, it highlights this yawning gap. the scientists say that to keep this 1.5 degrees threshold alive this century, emissions have to go down by roughly half by 2030, in nine years' time. the reports when they're added up, the plans when they're added up, essentially say we'll cut emissions by about 7.5% by then. and that includes some of the things that haven't been put formally to the un, so it's the latest snapshot and itjust underlines the challenge that mr guterres and world leaders will face when they arrive in glasgow in five days. there's always hope, and i think there's some hope in this report, pointing to the fact that long—term strategies — net zero goals, as they're called — like we heard about from australia just a while ago, that actually do give hope. and the report says that if countries live up to the promise of net zero, then we will have warming this century, but not as bad as what we are currently facing. earlier this year, kuwait recorded this year's
highest global temperature, when it reached 53.5 degrees celsius in july. residents say climate change is already making their lives increasingly difficult. and things could be getting worse. hanan razek sent this report as part of the bbc s life at 50 degrees season. kuwait has always been hot, but never this hot. temperatures above 50 celsius are becoming increasingly common here. for this influencer, it's become a daily battle. the hours between 11am until around 4pm in the afternoon are no—go times for being outdoors. the only life that my children have known has been in scorching heat. they want to be kids and go to the playground and they'll beg to go all day, and then we'll finally break and take them, and it'll be so unbearable that they're begging to go back home.
kuwait's economy relies on fossil fuels to provide all of its energy, making kuwait the second highest carbon emitter per person in the world. and almost 90% of the exports are hydrocarbon. this man is a household name in the country from decades of presenting the weather and news. he says there's been a huge difference in recent years. more and more of kuwait is becoming desert. without shade, the country is entering a vicious circle of overheating.
0ne kuwaiti woman is trying to do her small part to fight back. she began planting trees in 2015. both believe that planting more trees is needed to stop hot winds from the north from reaching kuwait cities, but that may still not be enough. to cope with the heat, more people here are using air conditioning. there's absolutely no way to survive here without ac. and i think what's really disturbing about that is that you're cooling your little section, but you're heating up outside. if we're looking into the future, i don't see how
much longer we can consider kuwait habitable. the middle east is heating up at twice the global average. some experts say that by 2050, it could be a full four degrees warmer than preindustrial levels. without drastic change right now, the region could simply become too hot to survive. hanan razek, bbc news. princess mako, the niece of the japanese emperor, has married her non—royalfiance. the proceedings were low key, after years of public controversy. there was no ceremony and no reception banquet. rupert wingfield hayes reports from tokyo. no grand wedding ceremony, no cheering crowds, just a very formal goodbye from princess mako to her parents. at first, her sister does the same, but then she steps forward for
a very un—japanese hug. it was the most touching moment in what has been a strange day. a few minutes later, the now former princess was sitting before the media with her new husband, kei komuro. ever since their engagement, mr komuro's humble origins have been the target of japanese tabloids. in tokyo, around 100 protesters gathered today, still demanding the marriage be called off. "we're marching today, because we don't want the imperialfamily to be involved in crimes," this woman says. the main accusation is that mr komuro's widowed mother owes £25,000 to a former lover. but the media frenzy has even extended to him daring to wear his hair in a pony tail. in britain, the fact that princess catherine is descended from coal miners is no longer a barrier to her one day becoming queen, but when it comes to the family that live
in the palace behind me here, attitudes are still incredibly conservative, and a surprisingly large number of japanese people appear to have looked at mr komuro and his family background and decided he isjust not suitable to marry a princess. but such attitudes could be driving the japanese imperial family towards extinction. princess mako's departure today leaves the family withjust 17 members, only four of whom are male. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, in tokyo. now, can lego save the world's endangered coral reefs? singapore is home to a third of the world's coral species although the area the reefs occupy has been decimated in recent years. a team of marine biologists at the national university of singapore are now using the plastic blocks to regrow coral in their lab before transporting it back into the sea. dr yahnee tanzil, who is leading the team, explained more.
lego is not something new that marine scientists have used for crafting experimental set—ups. and it's modular, it's scalable, it's inert, it's long—lasting. therefore, it can be reused many times. and the most important thing is we can actually attach the corals, secure it onto a stable base. and because it's easily taken apart, we can safely transport the coral that is grown under the lego block to another tank or different set—ups quite easily. just looking at those pictures, it's quite remarkable, what you have been able to do so far, dr tanzil. how big a scale is this project at this point in time? the current effort, our aim is really to grow as large
a number as possible of corals, not just for research, but also conservation and restoration efforts down the line. at this point, we actually do have 1,000 coral fragments accounted for. and the team is working really hard to grow more. and we're really working very closely with the singapore national park board as well. that has a programme called plant a coral, see the reef, and also community networks. and after growing more corals and growing them out, we're really trying to make plans to transplant these corals to sites down the line. that's all for now —
stay with bbc world news. hello there. it is going to stay very mild over the next few days. but there is more rain in the forecast, and the rain is moving southwards at the moment. so, the wetter weather in the next few days more likely to be in the southern uplands of scotland, cumbria in northwest england, and by thursday, for western parts of wales, and some flooding is likely as well. the main focus of the rain is on the weather front there, and ahead it, we are drawing up the winds all the way from the tropics over the azores and into the uk, which is why it is so unusually mild. in northern ireland on tuesday, temperatures reach 17 celsius ahead of the rain — it's normally around 11 or 12 celsius at best at this time of the year. these are the temperatures we're starting with on wednesday morning — a very mild 15 or 16 celsius. but this is where the rain is, and it's not going to shift position through much
of the day. we've got rain threatening to come back into eastern northern ireland, up towards the central belt of scotland. most of the rain in southern scotland, northwest england, especially cumbria and into northwest wales. north of that rain band, some sunshine, a few sharp showers. south of the rain band, like tuesday, a lot of cloud around, a bit of sunshine from time to time, those temperatures could be even higher around 18 celsius. but that rain is going to be continuing throughout the day across southern scotland, northwest england. by the end of the day, 90mm possible in the southern uplands, maybe double that over the high ground in cumbria, which is why we are going to see some impact, and that wet weather continues overnight as well. that stream of warm wet weather coming in on that weather front, the position of that rain will fluctuate a little. we may start to see a few changes on thursday. scotland and northern ireland brightening up a bit more with some showers. these could be quite heavy, mind you. still got that rain across parts of southern scotland, northern england, wales, and
southwest england this time. but ahead through the midlands, east anglia, the southeast, still dry and bright, and temperatures hitting 17. but the wetter weather continues overnight, those weather fronts are still in the scene, perhaps forming an area of low pressure. now, i think the details may change as we head into friday, getting rather more messy. looks on the whole like it's going to be a day of sunshine or longer spells of rain. it may start to brighten up across more of the country, western areas turning a bit drier. but some of that rain pushing into the eastern side of england this time, and temperatures won't be quite as high. they will begin to fall away from the northwest.