welcome to bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories: pope francis calls for radical decisions at next week's climate change summit in a special message recorded for the bbc. translation: this crisis lays in front of us radical— decisions that are not easy. but each hurdle also represents an opportunity that cannot be wasted. firefighters in new york protest as a deadline passes to force them receive a covid vaccine or face suspension from theirjobs. as the row over post—brexit over fishing rights escalates, france says britain's credibility is on the line.
the credibility is on the line. uk sees the highest level of the uk sees the highest level of coronavirus infections since the pandemic began. hello and a warm welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the world. with the crucial cop26 climate summit getting under way on sunday, the pope has called on global leaders to make radical decisions and to offer hope to the world. in a message recorded for the bbc, pope francis said those attending should act now to tackle global warming. the pope also met us president joe biden who's in rome for a meeting of 620 leaders. our north american editor jon sopel is travelling with the president and sent this report. the ruler of the world's pre—eminent superpower en route to meet the world's most powerful religious leader. but forjoe biden, only america's second roman catholic president, this is an audience with his spiritual guide and clearly someone
he admires enormously. you are the most significant warriorfor peace i have ever met. and with your permission, i'd like to be able to give you a coin. i know my son would want me to give you this to you. the president gave him a coin as a gift, and thenjoked about his irish heritage. i'm the only irish man you've ever met who's never had a drink! and the pope chose the bbc today — in particular, thought for the day on radio 4 — to deliver a firm message to the political elite ahead of next week's crucial c0 p26 summit. translation: the political- decision-makers who will meet at cop26 in glasgow are urgently summoned to provide effective responses to the present ecological crisis and, in this way, to offer concrete hope to future generations. joe biden agrees with
the pope about the urgency, but will words be matched by actions? the motorcades will be sweeping through rome this weekend, through glasgow next week. world leaders tasked with saving the planet. so, no big deal, then. around the world, there have been protests of varying size to chivvy world leaders into action. this was the scene in tel aviv today. in glasgow, outside where the summit will be held next week, the demonstrators seemed to be outnumbered by security guards. and in london, greta thunberg was the star attraction — she's buried somewhere in this mob of photographers — and she had this message for president biden. when you are leader of the most powerful country in the world, you have lots of responsibility. and when the us is actually, in fact, expanding fossil fuel infrastructure, that is a clear sign that they are not really treating the climate crisis as an emergency.
and this salvo to other nations from the former california governor and terminator star. all of those countries that come and give speeches, this "we are not going to go and losejobs because of going greener" — they're liars. or they're alljust stupid and they don't know how to do it. joe biden, on this trip to europe, wants to show that america is leading the world on tackling climate change. but his 85—vehicle convoy — most of which were flown in from the us — may not be leading by example or, in this holy city, practising what you preach. a political editor laura kuenssberg is also after meeting the pope, president biden went on for talks with his french counterpart, emmanuel macron. relations between the us and france have been strained since washington announced a security deal with australia and the uk. the aukus deal to sell submarines to australia
scuppered a previous french arrangement and was said to have cost the country billions. president macron said they were rebuilding confidence, while president biden admitted things could have been done better. what happened was, to use an english phrase, what we did was clumsy. it was not done with a lot of grace. i was under the impression certain things had happened that hadn't happened. but i want to it clear — france is an extremely, extremely valued partner. new york city officials are preparing for a shortage of firefighters, police officers and other first responders after a deadline passed for unvaccinated staff to be immunised. leaders of unions representing firefighters and police officers say the city could put more than one third of their members on unpaid leave when enforcement of the vaccine mandate takes effect on monday.
well, earlier on i spoke to andrew ansbro who's president of the uniformed firefighters association. well, the deadline to report your vaccination status was several hours ago. the department hasn't released that information, but i can imagine that we're probably somewhere between 30 and 40% unvaccinated for firefighters. that's not counting fire officers — they're an older group — we expect that more of them are going to be vaccinated. they're probably between 20 and 30% unvaccinated. that's quite a sizeable number, especially when you're talking about a city like new york. what are the risks for the city if these people can't turn up to work on monday? well, i'm asking my members to show up for work. they took an oath to protect lives and property of new york city residents, and i'm telling them to go to work and i'm hoping the mayor allows them to work. in new york city, based on last year's statistics, every day there's 65 structural fires on average. every day there's 1,400 life—threatening medical emergencies on average. every day there's 80 cardiac patients per day, on average.
the survivability of a cardiac patient, for every minute you take longer to get there, decreases by 8%. there are so many people that are going to go without vital services for so many additional minutes. it will without question put lives at risk, and some people's lives will be lost. if it takes us 15 minute to get to a heart attack patient, they're not going to make it, and by contrast, today's covid rate in new york city, there are currently nine covid deaths per day in a city of eight million people. in a city that's going to have 80 heart attacks tomorrow with the current survivability rate of 32%. we're going to lose more people tomorrow to heart attacks than we are to covid. we're not counting people hit by cars, kids hit by cars, trauma, shootings, stabbing, we're not even counting those, and all those patients will be waiting as well. it's worth highlighting for those viewers watching, in the united states,
firefighters often attend medical emergencies and that's why you're talking about heart attacks as being an issue. can you explain, why are some of your members unwilling to get vaccinated? well, 70% of my members have already been infected with covid, and they feel that they have natural immunity. a lot of them have no need, they feel, to get the vaccine. i truly understand that some studies have shown that the vaccine protection is better, but you have to understand that to be a new york city firefighter you're basically young and healthy and if you've already lived through this you expect to have the same outcome if you get this again. now, you also have to take into account, everyone says what about the other person? you know, i was vaccinated the first day, we are not anti—vaccine. i was vaccinated day one. it was available for us december 27. my wife was vaccinated in may, she got covid in august and gave it to me, and i gave it to another vaccinated firefighter. three people vaccinated that spread this, so we can't even say that this vaccine stops the spread of this.
i guarantee you, we all know it decreases the effects of it but so does having a previous infection. there is no question about that. and my members feel that they should have that option. now, what happened was the mayor put a mandate in place and gave us a nine day window within which to make this decision. in the new york city fire department you need at least 30 days to retire. we have members having a hard time even retiring, now the retirement office is flooded, we're asking for the city to give us the time to negotiate the terms of transition and allow some of our court cases that bring up natural immunity to make their way through court. andrew ansbro of the uniformed firefighters association in new york. a row between britain and france overfishing rights
in uk waters has escalated further. the french prime minister has written to the european commission asking it to begin proceedings that could lead to retaliatory tariffs on uk goods entering the eu. arriving in rome with a diplomatic row brewing, the prime minister stressed the ties that bind the uk and france. an old ally and friend, but the french president tonight told the financial times the uk's credibility is at stake in the row over fishing. this is the front line of this fight, which has been rumbling for months. the authorities here injersey and across the uk say they have stuck to agreements made after brexit and issued licences to french boats that can prove a history of fishing these waters. but france says dozens have been unfairly denied. local fishermen, like their counterparts across the channel, are frustrated and worried.
the feeling amongst the fleet yesterday was one of absolute despair. certainly, there are real difficult times ahead and our big worry down here is how are we going to try and preserve the fleet and come out the other end with a fishing fleet intact? the row escalated this week when this british trawler was detained by french authorities — a warning shot about what might follow. france has threatened further checks and restrictions on british vessels, even suggested it could disrupt cross—channel trade. the prime minister said he'd be surprised if that happened but the uk was ready to do what's necessary. the government is ready to retaliate. two can play at that game is what i would say, but in the first instance, what we are doing is raising this with the european commission. it's always open to us to increase the enforcement that we do on french vessels, to board more of them if that's what they're doing to our vessels.
in a further sign of tension, the french ambassador was summoned to the foreign office, where she was given a dressing—down. the language on both sides is ramping up, but they are still talking. both here and in france, fishing is an emotional issue which carries political clout. borisjohnson promised british fishermen brexit would mean a better deal. in france, president macron is facing an election which brings its own pressures. both sides have reason to take a tough stance but both know a serious escalation could be damaging. this spring, french boats staged a protest offjersey over the same issue. the uk says it does want a diplomatic solution to this ongoing dispute. france has set a deadline of tuesday for it to be resolved. there is a time for flexing muscles and put your trump cards on the table, and there are times for negotiations. the next step is really negotiation. but for now, it's the fishermen that are caught in this diplomatic row. alex forsyth, bbc news, westminster.
queen elizabeth has been advised to rest for at least the next two weeks following concerns about her health. earlier this month, the queen, who is 95, underwent medical checks in hospital. 0ur royal correspondent johnny dymond says it is significant that she still plans to attend next month's remembrance sunday events. this fortnight essentially gives her a couple of weeks now of not travelling, not meeting people, only carrying out virtual engagements, light desk—based duties, to recover from what seems like a sort of bout of fatigue. you know, she's carried out, what, three different engagements in the last three days. she has smiled broadly through a couple of them. she doesn't appear to be actually unwell, as many of us would see it. but she's clearly been a bit too tired to do travel, either to northern ireland, that was cancelled last week, or to glasgow, that was cancelled this week. and the doctors have said, look, no more travel
for a couple of weeks. she will miss the festival of remembrance. that happens on the evening before remembrance sunday, but she will get to remembrance sunday. and the reason i bang on about this is because it is absolutely the most important day in the queen's calendar. it's the most important day in the royal calendar, but it is a very important day for her personally. and the fact that it was marked up by the palace is indicative, i think, of what this fortnight is about. it's just a chance to say, look, there's not much in the diary, but we're not going to do any travel. we are going to keep it and keep the queen in windsor, and we will be back on remembrance sunday on the 14th. stay with us here on bbc news. still to come: thousands of fans gathered to mourn the death of indian film star puneeth rajkumar. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today.
0nly yesterday, she had spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it. "every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth "of this nation." after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty. of what each day might bring. booster ignition and lift—off of discovery with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. boy, "enjoying the show" is right. this is beautiful. a milestone in human history. born today, this girl in india is the seven billionth person on the planet.
hello, you're watching bbc world news. the latest: pope francis calls for radical decisions that next week, climate change summit in a special recorded for the bbc. and firefighters in new york protest as a deadline passes to force them to receive covid job off a suspension from their jobs. the us secretary of state antony blinken says sudan's security forces who gained power in a coup on monday must respect human rights. 0n the eve of a planned demonstration against the coup, you want any violence against peaceful demonstrators would be unacceptable. at least eight people were killed and nearly 200 injured by the security forces in protests against the coup in the past week. this man was hit by a bullet. a
university student was among protesters who gathered outside the army headquarters in khartoum to denounce the military coup. he says the scene turned deadly in minutes. translation: i scene turned deadly in minutes. translation:— scene turned deadly in minutes. translation: iwas shot, along with seven _ translation: iwas shot, along with seven or— translation: iwas shot, along with seven or eight _ translation: iwas shot, along with seven or eight around - translation: iwas shot, along with seven or eight around me. i with seven or eight around me. people took some of us into their homes to help with the injuries but others died on the spot. they took me and other protesters to this hospital. this man also recalls the moment he thought he would die. he says that army soldiers beat him with sharp objects. translation: him with sharp ob'ects. translation:_ him with sharp ob'ects. translation: , ., translation: they hit me with a metal bar in _ translation: they hit me with a metal bar in my _ translation: they hit me with a metal bar in my stomach. - translation: they hit me with a metal bar in my stomach. i- metal bar in my stomach. i started to spit out blood but was rescued and brought to this hospital. they are not alone. scene sedans military since —— since sudan's military seized power in a military coup, they
have been bloody scenes. in hospitals confirm the levels of violence by military soldiers against people who had gathered on the street. there are scores of people who were killed and injured in different parts of the country. but the army insists those in khartoum hospitals were not shot by soldiers. translation: there was no shooting _ soldiers. translation: there was no shooting by _ soldiers. translation: there was no shooting by soldiers. i was no shooting by soldiers. the army is part of the sudanese people. these are all lies and those who spread it want to twist the facts to serve their own bad intentions. young protesters are clearly not convinced and unfazed. they continue to flood the streets. this is a country that is so —— saw a popular uprising just three years ago. it overthrew another military figure, al
bashir. the people here are sending a message. they cannot afford to have the country go back to the old days. mohammed mohammed osman, bbc news, khartoum. the uk recorded higher levels of covid—i9 infection in the week to last friday than at any other time last winter. the ohs estimates —— ons estimates one in three people would have tested positive in that period. hugh pym reports. boosterjabs, like these being delivered in leeds today, are seen by ministers as vital in the drive to keep ahead of the virus. they are offered six months after a second dose but from today, the nhs has been told there can be flexibility on timing. for example, if someone, a doctor, is visiting a care home and there might be one or two residents that are just short of the six—month point, they can use their discretion and make sure everyone is boosted in the same session. daily reported cases may not be rising, but part of the explanation may be fewer school pupils coming forward
for tests during half—term holidays. the office for national statistics does regular household testing, which picks up the underlying trend. the latest ons survey suggests that last week, 1.3 million people in the uk had the virus — higher than the peak injanuary. in england, one in 50 people had the virus. in wales, it was one in a0. and in both scotland and northern ireland, one in 75 people. there were increases in all the uk's nations. so, what might the ons data tell us about this week when it's published? i wouldn't be surprised to see a reduction in our data in the next week or so. however, what we saw this time last year was that little half—term reduction followed by a significant increase, so i really am not being complacent there. case rates may be higher, but hospital admissions are about a quarter the level seen injanuary, thanks to protection
offered by vaccines. wales has the highest infection rate in the uk and new measures are being brought in to tackle the virus. covid passes are being extended to cinemas, theatres and concert halls from mid november, and other venues may yet be included. the first minister said this was necessary to allow a normal christmas, and the pandemic was far from over. hugh pym, bbc news. microsoft has overtaken apple as the world's most valuable public company. shares in the tech giant closed at a record high in new york, doing it at $2.49 trillion. $10 billion more than apple. the iphone maker's shares have continued a recent slide, in part because of silicon chip shortages. there has been an outpouring of grief from fans of the indian film star puneeth rajkumar, who has died at the age of 46. thousands gathered in
the streets of the southern city of bengaluru following news of his sudden death from a heart attack. aru na ayengar reports. he was known as �*power star�* for his action roles in the kannada language industry. he may not have been as famous as his bollywood fellow actors but to his fans in southern india, puneeth rajkumar was a dancing and singing superstar. prime minister narendra modi led tributes, tweeting: i think everybody is in just a state of shock, myself included, becausejust yesterday, he was performing on stage with his brother and with a very prominent star called yash on stage, and to hear this news this morning just has taken everyone by total shock. there were angry scenes outside the bengaluru hospital where the actor died. authorities enhanced security around his house, fearing violence by his fans. some chased the ambulance in which his body was taken from the hospital. puneeth rajkumar was the son of the legendary actor known simply as rajkumar.
he starred in around 30 films with his debut action comedy film appu being one of his biggest hits. hindi—language bollywood is india's biggest film industry, but the country also produces hundreds of films in its 21 other official languages every year. the kannada language is spoken in the indian state of karnataka and its neighbouring southern states. the death of rajkumar is seen as a huge loss to the kannada language film industry. aruna iyengar, bbc news. spot the robot dog has become something of a celebrity in recent years. developed by a team in boston, it mimics natural movements and has been used in a variety of different roles. now, spot seems to be launching something of a musical career, joining up with rock royalty, as tim allman explains. start me up by the rolling stones plays. for anyone wondering, mickjagger is the one on the left.
although in some ways, it is quite hard to tell. # if you start me up. # if you start me up i'll never stop... to celebrate the 40th anniversary of their album tattoo you, the rolling stones got together with the engineers at boston dynamics to create this unusual video of their song start me up. it is notjust mick — there is a robot keith, robot charlie and robot ronnie as well. every move, every guitar lick and every drumbeat synchronised to match the original. # you make a grown man cry! why, you might ask? well, why not? # do you like it like this? this is by no means the first time spot has dabbled in some classic rock �*n�* roll. # do you love me? along with fellow robot atlas,
the 4—legged automaton has become quite the mover. no easy task for the programmers, but you can't always get what you want. it can be frustrating sometimes. the robots crash a lot. it is kind of a choreographed routine, you know, it is an athlete that has practised these moves dozens or hundreds of times even to get that high level, that exciting, you know, capability. perhaps this will be the beginning of a beautiful career, spot making cameos in countless music videos. a robot that brings true satisfaction. tim allman, bbc news. with the crucial cop26 climate summit getting under way on sunday, the pope has called on global leaders make radical decisions and hope to the world in a message recorded for the bbc, he said those attending should act now to defeat global
warming. you can reach me on twitter. for now, from me and the team, thank you for watching and goodbye. skies have cleared across some parts of the country and it's even dried out but in other areas, it's raining again and the next weather front is currently moving into western parts of the uk and the whole weekend is going to be very changeable, from rain to sunshine back to rain again. so here's the satellite picture, and you can see lots of weather systems circling around the north atlantic, some of them moving in. this is the one that's over western parts of the uk right now so if it's raining where you are at this very moment, it's as a result of this weather front, and you can see it here through the early hours of the morning. the rain will be heaviest around south—western scotland, wales and also the south—west of england. in some areas, there could be 20, 30, maybe even 40mm of rain. at the same time — and this is 7am — it's dry in newcastle, hull and just about dry in london as well.
but watch the weather front — it moves into central parts of the uk and then pushes eastwards by late morning and certainly by lunchtime, the bulk of that rain is out in the north sea and the weather improves across most of the uk. it's not going to be completely dry — there will be some showers around — but there's certainly a lot more sunshine around the second half of the day. 15 in london, around 11 degrees for belfast and also glasgow. then on saturday night, a window of opportunity and a window of drier weather before the next area of low pressure sweeps in. and just certainly worthy of a mention — it's the fact that the clocks go back early hours of sunday. so here we go, sunday's weather map. here's the low pressure moving into the uk. now, a lot of isobars there, pressure lines, so that means there's going to be quite a strong wind blowing into western and south—western parts of the country — gale force winds, in fact.
here's that band of rain in the morning. and then by the time we get to lunchtime, the bulk of that rain, again, is out in the north sea and it dries out, not completely — some areas, particularly around the irish sea, northern ireland here, we will have showers. now, the good news is for some of the trick—or—treaters, at least, that the skies will be clear enough and i think there'll be some drier weather around as well, but not completely dry — always some showers about. and the forecast shows that the weather will be changeable through the first half of the week but towards the end of the week, things should settle down. bye— bye.
this is bbc news, the headlines: pope francis has urged world leaders at next week's climate summit in glasgow to take radical decisions, offering concrete hope to future generations. in a message recorded for the bbc, the pope said that with climate change and the pandemic, people felt increasingly powerless, frail and fearful. new york city is preparing for a shortage of first responders after a deadline passed for staff to be immunised. union leaders say more than one third of their staff could be put on paid leave and the mandate stakes —— takes place from monday. —— on unpaid leave. a prominent film actor from southern india, puneeth rajkumar, has died at the age of 46. doctors say he died of a heart attack in the city of bengaluru. described as a superstar in the film industry, mr rajkumar had acted in several blockbusters.