welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: clashes on the border between poland and belarus as the polish authorities use water cannon and teargas to push back migrants. chaos has broken out. the polish forces have responded with water, but also with gas. it is difficult to breathe. former england cricketer azeem rafiq gives shocking details of the racism he faced, saying he was constantly subjected to offensive language at yorkshire cricket club. pollution crisis in india. schools are staying shut until
further notice than a partial locked is being extended. there we go. just feel it. it is you said than done. ijoined sophie vehicle inspected with dancing 2a hours non—stop for charity —— sophie ellis—bexter. thank you very much forjoining us here on bbc news. tensions are escalating on the border of poland and belarus. polish security forces have turned to water cannon and teargas to push back migrants. the to push back migrants. polish government has accused the polish government has accused belarus of trying to force the migrants cross the border in order to destabilise the european union. our correspondence steve rosenberg is there.
first, they'd asked to be let in. now, they were demanding. in belarus, the migrants have run out of patience. these are polish water cannon being employed, and that is because, around midday, migrants on the belarusian side of the border started throwing stones and rocks and branches. and all chaos has broken out. the polish forces have responded with water, but also with gas — it's quite difficult to breathe. we don't have life here! four nights and five nights, and don't sleeping. my eyes. for two hours, the border crossing was like a battleground.
the european union says belarus is using migrants as weapons to destabilise europe. the belarusian soldiers stood and watched. they did nothing to stop the migrants who were storming the border. "why not?" i asked this officer. his reply, "no comment." and while water cannon fought off the attack on the eu's border, the young and the vulnerable took shelter. belarus may have engineered this crisis, but that doesn't change the fact that it's people who are suffering. this man is an actor from kurdistan. his brother sold his house so they could afford their tickets and visas to belarus. where do you go now? i don't know. to iraq, to europe, to the camp, to minsk... we don't know where we're going. we are like a ball,
like a ball in the stadium. belarus and poland, they kick us. when the violence was over, some of the migrants packed up and moved on. they'd come to belarus to try to get into the european union. now, it's destination unknown. steve rosenberg, bbc news, belarus. here in the uk, the former yorkshire county cricketer azeem rafik has given an emotional account of the racist abuse he says he experience at the club. he told mps that the way he was treated was inhuman and he said he felt isolated, humiliated at times. more than a year after he first spoke publicly about racism, the former offspin bowler accused seniorfigures of the club of turning a blind eye to what was happening. a subsequent report by the club
confirmed he had suffered harassment, yet no—one faced disciplinary action. our sports editor's report does contain some details that you may find offensive. how are you feeling, azeem? all right. his allegations have already plunged yorkshire cricket into crisis. today, azeem rafiq brought them to westminster, laying bare the ordeal he says he and other asian players were subjected to at his former club, including a racist term aimed at his pakistani heritage. there were comments such as, "you lot sit over there, near the toilets." "elephant washers." the word expletivel was used constantly. and there just seemed to be an acceptance in the institution from the leaders and no—one...no—one ever stamped it out. i felt isolated, humiliated at times. struggling to contain his emotions, rafiq went on to describe his experience at headingley after his son was stillborn in 2017. through that time, the treatment that i received from some of the club officials was inhuman.
they weren't really bothered about the fact that i was at training one day and i get a phone call to say there's no heartbeat... rafiq claimed former team—mate gary ballance used the name "kevin" as a derogatory term to refer to any player of colour and that this was an open secret in the england dressing room. that another england star, alex hales, called his dog kevin because he was black. "a disgusting joke," rafiq called it. and what of yorkshire's england captain, joe root, who last week said he couldn't recall any racist behaviour at the club? he's never engaged in racist language. i do... ifound it hurtful. rooty was involved, before he started playing for england, he was involved in a lot of the socialising nights out where i'm bein: called - but, again, itjust shows, and he might not remember it, but itjust shows how normal it was in that environment, in that institution. rafiq also asked about former england captain
michael vaughan, who strongly denied the whistle—blower�*s claims, since corroborated by two other cricketers, that he made a racist remark to a group of asian players. he said this yesterday, actually, that his reputation is being "trashed unfairly." what's your reaction to that? i think it's important, on michael, that we don't make it all about michael. the simple... look, it was a long time ago, michael might not remember it, as i said about earlier, because it doesn't mean anything to him. rafiq also describing, in harrowing detail, an incident that occurred away from headingley early on in his career. my first instance of drinking, i actually got pinned down at my local cricket club and red wine got poured down my throat. how old were you? 15. 15 and a muslim? 15 years old. the racial harassment rafiq suffered at headingley has sparked a growing number of further allegations in cricket, at yorkshire and beyond.
15 and a muslim? 15 years old. do you think it's institutional in cricket more widely? yes, i do. there's a real problem here, notjust yorkshire, throughout the country. and i'm going to be the one that's going to speak about this. former yorkshire chairman roger hutton, who resigned in the wake of the scandal, conceded he feared the club was indeed institutionally racist, before cricket's governing body, the ecb, admitted their attempts to improve diversity in the game had some way to go. what we have struggled with is... ..is getting our first—class game to wake up to the same extent, and that is the point, we are at that stage now, and i think we are, if not already in an emergency, then we are approaching one. the ecb have been criticised for not doing more to support rafiq, and the man who runs the game had this message. we know we've let you down and we are going to fix this and we're going to fix it quickly and we're going to fix it fast, because the survival of our sport depends on it. but for the man at the centre of one of cricket's gravest
ever scandals, the damage has already been done. can't even imagine, as a parent, hearing me speaking out, why i would ever want my kids to go anywhere near the game? and i don't, i don't want my son to go anywhere near cricket. do i believe i lost my career to racism? yes, i do. that must be a terrible feeling. horrible. yeah, horrible. that report by our sports editor. i have one other bit of sport to bring to you, because argentina have now beaten delay in a world cup qualifying match, so they are also in the world cup finals which will be in 2022 -- world cup finals which will be in 2022 —— chile. politicians right across europe are weighing up how best to battle a coronavirus cases as it has once again become the epicentre of the pandemic. austria already introduced restrictions for those who are not vaccinated, and governments elsewhere, including germany, are considering
reintroducing certain rules in the run—up to christmas and debating whether vaccines alone are enough to stop the spread of the virus. coronavirus is catching hospital staff as well as politicians offguard in germany. emergency wards like this one close to munich are filling up so fast, a patient was sent to italy for treatment. translation: the situation was foreseeable _ and could have been avoided. the right measures that would have prevented this health system from being put in such a situation again were not taken. lower—than—expected vaccination rates may steal christmas for many. christmas markets that do open may only welcome the vaccinated or recently recovered. translation: we cannot do anything but follow these rules. it is a way to protect everyone.
but politicians here are in the market for much more. many keen to unwrap restrictions for the unvaccinated on public transport for a return to homeworking and vaccine mandates for certain professions. the incoming coalition government will consult state leaders on thursday. also from thursday, in ireland, pubs, restaurants and nightclubs will have to close at midnight and people will be advised to work from home. all to combat rising covid cases despite one of the highest vaccination rates in the world. all across europe and across our country, it is increasingly clear that we are experiencing another surge of covid infection. in the last week alone, we have seen the second highest rate of hospital admission in all of 2021. but in holland, there is political division over plans that unvaccinated people will no longer be able to go
to cafes and restaurants with a negative test. with entry only for the vaccinated or those who have just recovered from covid. with austria's lockdown for the unvaccinated in full swing, there are some questioning the wisdom of policies requiring mandatory vaccines or looking down the unvaccinated. —— locking down the unvaccinated. this raises real issues of civil liberties. this raises real issues around human rights and it's something that governments should consider extremely carefully. but there are few easy solutions for europe's governments as cases surge. mark lobel, bbc news. stay with us here on bbc world news. the carbon market boom. the winners as they settle on kaaba training. that is coming up.
benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan's general election, and she's asked pakistan's president to name her as prime minister. jackson's been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest i demonstration so far of the fast—growing _ european anti—nuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it's opening the country's remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black majority government in this country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, - one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. - 150 firemen have been battling the blaze, - which has caused millions. of pounds worth of damage.
this is bbc news. have the latest headlines. clashes on the border between poland and belarus as the polish authorities use water cannon and tear gas to push back migrants. the former yorkshire cricketer gives shocking details of the racism he faced, saying he was constantly subjected to co nsta ntly su bjected to offensive constantly subjected to offensive language at yorkshire cricket club. india's pollution control authority has extended a partial lockdown as it attempts to tackle the heavy smog enveloping the region. all schools and colleges closed for a week are to stay shut until further notice. all non—essential construction work has been halted and office workers have been asked to spend half the week working from home. our south asia editor explains the people are now looking
for a longer term solution. they have been suggesting the word �*lockdown�* to contain pollution in the capital delhi, which is a city of nearly 20 million people. the emergency measures, announced by the government authority, came after the supreme court expressed a displeasure over the way authorities have been tackling the air pollution, because, in the last few days, a thick blanket of smog has engulfed the city, people are complaining of respiratory problems, hospitals talking about patients coming in with problems of respiratory problems and congestion, so the court is now reconvening in a few hours' time, on wednesday morning, and the government authorities have to go back to the court and tell them what actions they have taken, for example. around delhi, there are about 11 coal—powered fire plants, and only five of them will be allowed to operate.
and nonessential road tracks will not be allowed to come into the city. so these are very desperate, last—minute measures, but what the people want is any long—term solution, because this has become very seasonal. in fact, just a few minutes before i'm on air, i checked the air quality. in some places, it was showing 455 on the air quality index, and sometimes it's 20 times more than what the world health organization deems as healthy. every week at this time we take a look at climate change issues, bringing you stories with implications and this week we are focusing on carbon markets, after a deal was finally reached at the climate conference in glasgow, carbon pricesjumped to an conference in glasgow, carbon prices jumped to an all—time peak of 66 euros a time and that is because following the climate pact at glasgow, emissions markets are now seen as a key tool of decarbonisation. how does that all work? the eu emissions
trading system set the price for emitting one ton of carbon within the eu. the agreement in glasgow set the rules for trading emissions in a supervised marketplace and the idea is that countries where it is difficult or expensive to cut greenhouse gases can buy emission reduction credits from nations that have already lowered the emissions more than they had pledged. following the cop26 decision there was a feeling that carbon markets came out of the process reinforced. how far is that the case? i'm now speaking to the director of a leading source on carbon pioneering and also stephen is the author of a new report on current trends. he joins us from new york. thanks very much indeed. we gave a quick little nutshell to how all this works, it can be very complicated. in essence, for every ton of c02 emitted,
another ton of c02 has to be captured somewhere else and it is the polluter that pays, that is the polluter that pays, that is the polluter that pays, that is the basic premise?- is the basic premise? that's correct. _ is the basic premise? that's correct. yes- _ is the basic premise? that's correct, yes. so _ is the basic premise? that's correct, yes. so as - is the basic premise? that's correct, yes. so as far - is the basic premise? that's correct, yes. so as far as i is the basic premise? that's i correct, yes. so as far as that is the case. — correct, yes. so as far as that is the case, what _ correct, yes. so as far as that is the case, what is _ correct, yes. so as far as that is the case, what is in - correct, yes. so as far as that is the case, what is in that. is the case, what is in that has been decided in glasgow that has suddenly thrown this into a very attractive market proposition? into a very attractive market preposition?— into a very attractive market --roosition? , . ~ , ., proposition? these markets have been around _ proposition? these markets have been around for _ proposition? these markets have been around for 2- _ proposition? these markets have been around for 2- three - been around for 2— three decades at this point, in various capacities at the provincial level, federal level and international level. it's that at this time we've been waiting for about six years now for the paris agreement rules to be finalised, in this particular segment of article six which is focused on carbon markets, and it has implications, both for the client's' programme and national governments, but also provides opportunities for corporate and private sector actors to take advantage of this opportunity to invest in
emission reductions via project—based approaches. 50 project-based approaches. so the project—based approaches. so the impact we have seen on the markets instantly really rather leads to an ex— dictation that we will start seeing far more tree planting projects, other efforts to capture carbon and the like? . �* , , ., the like? that's right, yeah, but it is important _ the like? that's right, yeah, but it is important to - the like? that's right, yeah, l but it is important to segment out to these two parts of the market so in terms of the european emissions trading scheme, those are allowances that are being treated in the future for future compliance purposes, speculation taking place in the market copy the other side of the market are credits that are originating from project. reforestation, avoiding deforestation, energy, transportation, fuel switching, a variety of different project typer a variety of different project type, also including household devices. with been operating as you said just about two decades now, a global system to track this market for carbon credits.
we have organisations that report projects, traits from over 80 countries, so this is really a global opportunity for us to take collective action, to tackle climate change by projects that are really fundamental to notjust climate fundamental to not just climate but fundamental to notjust climate but societal situations, improving livelihoods and economic conditions on the ground as well as biodiversity and water quality. just explain this, and water quality. just explain this. there _ and water quality. just explain this, there are _ and water quality. just explain this, there are those - and water quality. just explain this, there are those who - and water quality. just explain this, there are those who say| this, there are those who say the benefit of the sort of carbon trading is you get a net zero effect. we are in a world where we need frankly more than that, we need people to drop pumping up the carbon, so i'd just wonder in that sort of wonderful mole world that we might look at, are these carbon trading schemes and indeed the ability to speculate on them such a good idea?— ability to speculate on them such a good idea? they are also very small _ such a good idea? they are also very small in — such a good idea? they are also very small in comparison - such a good idea? they are also very small in comparison to - such a good idea? they are also very small in comparison to the| very small in comparison to the global greenhouse gas emissions that we are dealing with stopping the volunteer carbon market, all—time total value is around 7 billion. 7 billion us
dollars. volunteer carbon market in 2021 is about 300 million tons of carbon dioxide. that is about what's been�*s total annual greenhouse gas emissions are, about 5% of the united states' annual greenhouse gas emissions so it is still a very small component and what we need to keep in mind as you are absolutely right. we need to drive emissions down, decarbonise, change the way we transport, change the way we transport, change the way we transport, change the way we develop products and services, but at the same time, some of these invest will take ten, 20, 30 years to really accomplish and we need solutions in the interim. ﬁx. we need solutions in the interim-— interim. a world of transitions, - interim. a world of transitions, isn't i interim. a world of| transitions, isn't it? interim. a world of - transitions, isn't it? thank you stephen, very good to speak to you. search team diggers and dogs have started looking for people trapped in their cars after a violent storm caused floods and mudslides across british columbia, canada. there are reports one is dead and several more are missing
near vancouver. access to the city has been restricted and the country's two biggest railways reported serious damage to their networks. the extreme weather comes after british columbia suffered a record high temperatures over the summer, sparking wildfires. that is climate critical for you. and back here, the pop star sophie ellis—bextor has sold millions of records around the world and over the pandemic she won a new legion of fans with a very infectious kitchen disco, as she swapped dancing in the club for dancing around the breakfast table. now she is going all out for the children in need charity, dancing her way through a 24—hour kitchen disco. she is currently on hour 17, and a short while ago i popped by to the radio theatre here at new broadcasting house to see how she was getting on. hello.
hello, sophie. it never stops for you, does it? i present the news through the night so this is my time. i am the one out of my comfort zone here. am i going to be dancing to the news? 16 hours gone. something like that. eight to go. who is counting? i am feeling all right. whenever i need it there is a tune that gives me a pep thank you so much. and i, thank you so much. i didn't get to say goodbye to anna. i have africa by toto, what more could i need? are there guests to keep you occupied, does that help? what really helps is when they bring their signature moves, i want to see yours. no, let's keep this interview going. you'll be nibbling away on what? everything i have been told to eat. sweets, gherkins. my mum brought those for me. you know, just the regular disco snacks. and the music is your playlist? yes, i've gone through a lot of it. sometimes it is things that people have brought in for me but, yeah. i chose a lot of it. like this one. we will enjoy this for a moment
but your kitchen disco was a huge hit and i suppose the message of that was bringing people together in a time of lockdown. children in need is about inclusivity and doing things for people who need help. how important is this for you? honestly it is an amazing privilege. i have been to four of the projects that children in need donate money to and i have seen first hand some of the places that will receive the money and it'sjust incredible what these people are out there doing. so to support that in this way is an amazing opportunity and i am really enjoying myself. you have already clocked some several hundred thousand pounds. and that is amazing. do you have a target? i don't, actually. for me, it has been about the experience, really. i am thrilled with what has already happened. this is meant to be the twilight zone now. you are meant to be flagging. it does not look like you are but maybe you will at some point. what will you do when you flag? dance a bit more. just dance through? that's all you can do.
there is a rumour of performance enhancers, a pick—me—up in your pocket somewhere? 0h oh my word! no, just the gherkins at the moment. i have had one coffee and i do not have any pockets so i guess i... i am taking taking it as it comes, yeah. and just as a message, children in need is a huge deal for the bbc every year. it has an international resonance as well and we are talking to the world tonight. what is your message for them? everybody�*s message, honestly, i cannot tell you what it is a tonic to hear from people. so everyone who hasjoined me, even if only for 30 seconds, i have felt the love and felt the energy and i will do this for everyone supporting me in the charity. i am just really excited to start to see the glimpse of the finish line. i am a no dance sort of person. i can sense that. but there is money on this. so if i could get
ten seconds with sophie ellis—bextor here on stage. there we go. just feel it. the music is doing all the work for you. the music is doing all the work for ou. , ., ~' ,., for you. sophie, thank you so much! sophie _ for you. sophie, thank you so much! sophie alice _ for you. sophie, thank you so much! sophie alice baxter, i much! sophie alice baxter, precisely six hours to go. thanks for watching bbc news. wednesday morning will be a little bit colder compared to the last couple of mornings. and, indeed, by day, it'll feel a touch fresher, too. but overall, the next 2—3 days will remain above the average for the time of year. i want to show you the jet stream — and there is a dip in thejet stream at the moment across the uk, and you can see the blue colours — so that's the slightly colder atmosphere that's spread across the country into the early hours of wednesday. and, with the clearer skies, that means that,
in many towns and cities, temperatures will be around five celsius or so, especially out towards the east and in central parts of the uk. even colder than that in aberdeen, barely above freezing. but that means a lot of bright and crisp weather in the morning, especially across central, eastern, and southern areas of the uk. not necessarily in western scotland and northern ireland, always a bit more cloud here and a chance of catching a shower. and you can see those temperatures actually not far off the average, just a fraction above. but look what happens on thursday — another change in the jet stream. now this time, the jet stream's way to the north of us, it's bulging northwards of the uk and allowing for a stream of really mild air to sweep in from the azores. so, mild south—westerlies across the uk, cloudy and damp in western and northern scotland — but where the skies clear, where the sun pops out
for any lengthy period of time, temperatures will reach around 15—16, maybe even 17 celsius to the east of the highlands because of something called the foehn effect — you'll have to look that up, not enough time to explain it. but look where we are, nine celsius is the average this time of november — we are talking about 17 celsius, eight degrees above the average for the time of year. and the same pattern continues in a friday, as well — east of the highlands, possibly 17, we could get 16 also east of the pennines, and widely around 111—15 celsius. and then, a reversal in the wind direction — you can see this time, rather than from the southwest, it's coming in straight from the north. now this looks pretty cold, doesn't it? well, it won't be that cold — it will be relatively speaking, but actually, we'll be going down from 15 to around nine celsius, which, of course, is about the average for the time of year, give or take.
welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: clashes on the border between poland and belarus as the polish authorities use water cannon and tear gas to push back migrants. the polish government has accused of putting them across the board in order to destabilise the european union. former england cricketer azeem rafiq gives shocking details of the racism he faced, saying he was constantly subjected to offensive language at yorkshire cricket club. he told british mps that he was treated inhumanely. pollution crisis in india. they have extended a partial