tribute to the man who was known as a unifying figure against south africa was not a racist apartheid government. africa was not a racist apartheid government-— this is bbc news broadcasting in the uk and around the globe i'm shaun ley. our top stories... tributes pour in for archbisop desmond tutu — nobel laureate and veteran of south africa's struggle against apartheid,who has died at the age of 90. there was a sense in him that life was to be celebrated, even when the troubles of soweto where he was a priest, that actually when you look at reality, every human being is a stand—in for god. new coronavirus restrictions come into force in scotland, wales and northern ireland, as the uk's devolved administrations try to limit the spread of the omicron variant. they were due to be £10,000 here at cardiff arms park today to watch the
festive rugby derby. they will now watch from home. a total ban on spectators in wales from now on. china's birth rate continues to plummet despite ending its one and two—child policy,— we have a special report on the mother trying to encourage larger families. hello and welcome to bbc news. to watch the festive rugby derby, they will now have to watch from home. a total ban on spectators of sporting and large events a friend of nelson mandela, he was awarded the nobel peace prize
in 1984 for his role in ending white minority rule. the south african president, cyril ramaphosa, said the death marked another chapter in the nation's farewell to a "generation of outstanding south africans". 0ur africa correspondent, andrew harding, looks back at his life. raise our hands and we say, we will be free! , , ., .,, ., ., ., be free! desmond tutu was a man of ho e. a be free! desmond tutu was a man of hepe- a south _ be free! desmond tutu was a man of hope. a south african _ be free! desmond tutu was a man of hope. a south african priest - be free! desmond tutu was a man of hope. a south african priest who - hope. a south african priest who became one of the world two great moral voices. became one of the world two great moralvoices. it became one of the world two great moral voices. it was during south africa's long private struggle against white minority rule that desmond tutu rose to prominence. a diminutive priest, defying the apartheid government, comparing them to the nazis. the apartheid government, comparing them to the nazis. , , ., apartheid government, comparing them to the nazis. _ , ., , to the nazis. the system of this count , to the nazis. the system of this country, apartheid, _ to the nazis. the system of this country, apartheid, is— to the nazis. the system of this country, apartheid, is immoral! | to the nazis. the system of this - country, apartheid, is immoral! the system of this country is evil! while nelson mandela was imprisoned for decades, desmond tutu became the face and voice of south africa two
liberation movement.— face and voice of south africa two liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody _ liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody at _ liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody at the _ liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody at the height - liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody at the height of - liberation movement. desmond tutu was somebody at the height of the i was somebody at the height of the anti—apartheid struggle who, when nelson_ anti—apartheid struggle who, when nelson mandela added leadership, rate in_ nelson mandela added leadership, rate in the struggle be locked up, browsed — rate in the struggle be locked up, browsed the faithful, inspired pe0ple~ — browsed the faithful, inspired --eole. , , ., browsed the faithful, inspired --eole. ,, ., ., ,, people. desmond tutu was fearless, condemning — people. desmond tutu was fearless, condemning the _ people. desmond tutu was fearless, condemning the brutal _ people. desmond tutu was fearless, condemning the brutal apartheid - condemning the brutal apartheid state, but also urging black south africans to shun violence, to remain united. in 1984 desmond tutu was awarded the nobel peace prize.
tutu was fearless, condemning the brutal apartheid state but also urging black south africans to shun violence, to remain united. in 1984, tutu was awarded the nobel peace prize and he used his global prominence to criticise britain and america for being too soft on the apartheid government. when freedom finally arrived in south africa, tutu did not fade into the background. instead, often in tears, he presided over a truth and reconciliation committee, shining a light on apartheid's victims and on its perpetrators. in later years, tutu continued to speak out, condemning corruption, criticising south africa's own liberation heroes when they lost their way. i am warning you, that we will pray everyday for the downfall of the apartheid government, we will pray for downfall of the government that misrepresents us. desmond tutu was that rare thing, a truly independent, truly fearless moralfigure. but never a gloomy one. it was said to me once that when he dies he hopes- the epitaph will be very clear, the desmond tutu loved, - he laughed, he cried - and that is what he was. he was always a man of tremendousjoy. . the one thing that helps desmond tutu stand out and occupy this unique place in south african history is that he was there at every step
of the way. through this country's tortuous journey through apartheid to democracy and beyond with that clear moral, often angry, sometimes laughing voice. a man defined above all by his sense of hope. let's get some reaction now from people in south africa to the archbishop's death. it is actually very sad and not only for south africa but for africa as a continent. we have lost a great icon, a father, a human who was there notjust for the south african people but for africa as a nation, africa as a unit, africa as one. ifeel very, very, very down emotionally right now because he was somebody that almost everybody liked, especially
the kids, they loved him. very sad, it was a real shock to us. he was a great man. somebody to look up to, we are really going to miss him. tributes have been coming in from leaders around the world. the president of south africa, cyril ramaphosa, has posted on twitter saying... the prime minister of india, narenda modi, said... and the uk prime minister,
borisjohnson said... let's get more now from our nomsa maseko whojoins us live from soweto, outside desmond tutu's home. i should imagine that there is no great surprise in his death. he withdrawn from public life, he had just turned 90, but the loss of such a good figure, a revered figure, and an controversially powerful figure must be felt very deeply in the community. it must be felt very deeply in the community-— must be felt very deeply in the communi . , . ., , community. it is a great loss here in south africa. _ community. it is a great loss here in south africa. many _ community. it is a great loss here in south africa. many people - community. it is a great loss here in south africa. many people are. in south africa. many people are saying that the sun had set on south africa. desmond tutu was a powerful
figure came a unifying figure who often laughed in the face of adversity, but even at times it risked his own life to ensure that there was no... but he never shied away from criticising the government of the day, especially when it came toissues of the day, especially when it came to issues of corruption. he of the day, especially when it came to issues of corruption.— to issues of corruption. he was clearly very _ to issues of corruption. he was clearly very angry. _ to issues of corruption. he was clearly very angry, as - to issues of corruption. he was clearly very angry, as he - to issues of corruption. he was - clearly very angry, as he expressed himself at the time there were allegations. did that make difficulties for him? because until that point he was regarded as somebody who was shoulder to shoulder with those other big figures, but heery was calling out corruption and maintaining his consistency, but also perhaps challenging the leadership of the party that had helped to end apartheid. he party that had helped to end apartheid-— party that had helped to end aartheid. ., , . . , apartheid. he was heavily criticised and sidelined _ apartheid. he was heavily criticised and sidelined by _ apartheid. he was heavily criticised and sidelined by the _ apartheid. he was heavily criticised and sidelined by the anc, - apartheid. he was heavily criticised and sidelined by the anc, with - apartheid. he was heavily criticised i and sidelined by the anc, with some
leaders of the anc saying he thinks he is a deputyjesus christ because of that moral compass that he has, especially in the country. but not only did he speak out on political issues, but also on issues like hiv, aids and homophobia. he would go to church and said he would rather stay home than praise a homophobic god. he is deeply remembered by many who have gathered outside the house that was his many years ago. people playing rates and lighting candles and speaking of the memories that they used to have of him, seeing him jogging up they used to have of him, seeing him jogging up and down the street, going to buy newspapers with his wife and even walking down to the anglican church here in soweto. there will be loads of other memories that will be shared and also memorial services will be held throughout the week, leading to his
burial. . ~' , ., , throughout the week, leading to his burial. . ~ , ., , . justin welby, the archbishop of canterbury, described desmond tutu as "a man of words and action". he told the bbc that he also had a great sense of humour. he had this kind that with forgiveness so he was he was angry with injustice so if the perpetrators of injustice turned away from what they'd done wrong he was quick to form and form friendships. his life was patterned onjesus christ and he had this extraordinary bubbly overwhelming sense of humour. you laughed the whole time when you met him. the last time i met him two or three years ago i went to see him in south africa and he was there with his family and i think that stands out because here was someone
who with his family was what you saw in public, you saw what you got. and he was there surrounded by those closest to him, he was up with the news and willing to tease and to challenge and he was just the most remarkable man and he used to send fantastic e—mails, always signed off as arch, short for archbishop and he was extraordinary. but you also knew that to his dying day he was constantly focused onjesus christ and that was where he got his sense of integrity and truth from. talking about desmond tutu, whose death has been announced. talking about desmond tutu, whose death has been announced. we'll have more on archbishop desmond tutu a little later on the programme. the spread of the 0micron
coronvirus variant is continuing to cause disruption in the global airline industry, with more than 6,000 thousand flights cancelled around the world over the christmas weekend. here in the uk, new coronavirus restrictions have come into force in wales, scotland and northern ireland — to try to slow the spread of the 0micron variant. borisjohnson has not announced any further restrictions in england. ministers in england aren't expected to discuss whether to impose further measures until tomorrow. it comes as nearly 6,000 flights have been cancelled around the world over the christmas weekend, as the spread of the 0micron variant causes chaos in the airline industry. more than 100,000 daily infections have been recorded in france. that's a new record for three consecutive days. and cases of the virus are surging in countries around the world. tomos morgan has been looking at how the rules now differ across the four nations of the uk. another winter and another set of restrictions. social life will be curtailed yet
again in wales, scotland, and northern ireland, as the devolved governments have brought restrictions in again as an attempt to slow the spread of the 0micron variant to ease pressure on the nhs and to give more people the opportunity to be boosted at mass vaccination centres. having only reopened less then six months ago, nightclubs will have to turn their lights off once again in both wales and northern ireland from today. some industry bosses feel like they're being made scapegoats in this latest round of rules. we've essentially had 4.5 months of trade and we're back here again. and the issue is, we are not clear when this will be lifted. we have not been provided yet with any data on why this sector particularly has been closed and what conditions will need to be met for the sector to be reopened again. restrictions on large events and spectator sports will also apply from today in wales and scotland.
there were due to be 10,000 fans here at cardiff's arms park today to watch the festive rugby derby — they will now have to watch from home. a total ban on spectators at sporting and large events in wales from now on. but in scotland, the premier league have moved their winter break forward due to measures to limiting maximum capacity in stadiums there, much to the dismay of fans. across all hospitality venues, the rule of six is back in wales, as is social distancing. smaller tables mean smaller profits and two metres means fewer guests. the two metre rule obviously has a massive effect. new year's eve, we've got full capacity but with the two metre rule we've probably lost 20% of the capacity so we have had to phone a few people and unfortunately cancel people for new year's eve. while restrictions in northern ireland and its scottish pubs and restaurants come into force tomorrow, the stormont executive said they would keep the measures under review. whilst first minister nicola sturgeon told the public theirs would be in place for at least three weeks. meanwhile, her counterpart further south, mark drakeford, said rules
will be reviewed frequently. his next three—weekly assessment is due at the end ofjanuary. with large events due to be attended by thousands of people across the uk called off, it looks like this new year's eve will be just as subdued as the last. tomos morgan, bbc news. pubs in england and wales will be allowed to stay open for an extra two hours nextjune, during a special bank holiday weekend to mark the queen's platinumjubilee. uk ministers want to extend licensing hours from thursday the 2nd to saturday the 4th ofjune, under plans that are going out to a public consultation. officials in the democratic republic of congo say at least six people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack at a crowded restaurant in the eastern city of beni. the bomber detonated his device at the restaurant's door, killing himself and five other people. the sudanese authorities have said 58 policemen were injured during saturday's pro—democracy protests against military rule. they said more than 100
people had been arrested in the capital khartoum and would face legal action. a doctors' union allied to the pro—democracy movement has accused the security forces of using excessive violence against the demonstrators. it said at least 178 demonstrators had been injured, some by live bullets fired by the security forces. some of the worst floods seen in malaysia for decades are now known to have killed nearly 50 people. tens of thousands were displaced following torrential rain, which caused rivers to overflow a week ago. the floods left some places underwater and trapped people in their homes for days. the malaysian government has been criticised for its slow response and failure to issue flood warnings. people in more than 100 cities in the philippines are without power following typhoon rai, which ripped through the country ten days ago. disaster officials warn it may take till february to restore all electricity supplies. tens of thousands of homes were damaged and there's still a lack of food and clean water. 378 people are now
known to have been killed by the typhoon, and about 60 are still missing. the taliban say women in afghanistan seeking to travel other than short distances should not be offered transport unless accompanied by a close male relative. the taliban also directed all vehicle owners to offer rides only to women wearing islamic face coverings or hijabs. activists say the taliban's interpretation of hijab is unclear and most afghan women already wear headscarves. for decades china was known as the country where you could only have one child. that all changed recently to try to overcome a new problem, an ageing population. but the relaxation of the rules hasn't convinced many young chinese couples now used to "one—child" families that having more kids is the way to go. enter the mother of three who's taking it upon herself to change their minds. here's our china correspondent
stephen mcdonell. a three—child family is unusual in china. using herself as an example. she is selling her beauty products online, and also have the idea of big families. one minute it is shampoo and weight loss treatments, the next it is family photos and images of achievement. people always say, you have money, that's why you can't risk three kids. but when we gave birth to that first one, we didn't have much money. when our second baby came along, our business was under big pressure. we couldn't decide whether to have him or not. we went ahead and our business grew. actually, kids make you more responsible. china's one child policy started in the 1980s to manage a booming population.
now it has changed to encourage more children because of an ageing population. the new problem is convincing young people to have multiple kids. in the months since the new policy was announced, there has already seem to have been a shift in people's attitudes here. initially, it was very easy to find somebody who would say, there is no way i'm going to consider having more than one child. now, you are starting to get people saying, i would consider it. when our financial situation stabilises, maybe i will think about it. yet many remain sceptical. i don't want a second one yet. at this company, having more children is encouraged. here, most employees are female. most have kids. they have two or more. i wish society could be more l accepting of working mothers.
they won't give up easily. they have great spirit. they can be remarkable in the workplace. - government officials would love this message to her large audience. she says it is simply what she believes. i want to say to other women, - don't panic, just go with the flow. this is not something money can buy. she is certainly drawing attention here. stephen mcdonald, bbc news. the former bbc radio presenter janice long has died following a short illness. she was best known as a presenter on radio one, radio two, top of the pops and most recently on bbc radio wales. she died at home on christmas day surrounded by her family. the director general of the bbc said she was a stellar presenter who was loved and respected across the industry.
the motown singer wanda young, who sang the 1961 classic please mr postman, has died at the aged of 78. young was the lead singer of the marvelettes for several years in the 1960s, before going on to have a solo career. the marvelettes were widely regarded as first key female motown group. more now on the death of archbishop desmond tutu. lord peter hain is a former uk cabinet minister who spent his childhood in south africa and was a leading anti apartheid campaigner. thank you very much for being with us. an old man died and he has not beenin us. an old man died and he has not been in public view for a couple of years, but he is somebody who's reputation and image is implanted on everybody�*s mind. how big a figure
was he, would you say, in the campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensnble- — campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensable. it _ campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensable. it is _ campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensable. it is a _ campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensable. it is a privilege - campaign against apartheid? huge and indispensable. it is a privilege to - indispensable. it is a privilege to acknowledge and pay tribute to him because at the time when nelson mandela was imprisoned, the leadership of the freedom struggle had been imprisoned, tortured, assassinated and silenced. desmond tutu, first as the dean of johannesburg, and then the archbishop was the voice of freedom and the apartheid government which had impressed found him impossible to deal with that of its global reputation and his irreverent and powerful ability to inspire people to follow him, his courageous speaking of truth to power. [30 to follow him, his courageous speaking of truth to power. do you think that a _ speaking of truth to power. do you think that a dog _ speaking of truth to power. do you think that a dog collar _
speaking of truth to power. do you think that a dog collar gave - speaking of truth to power. do you think that a dog collar gave him i think that a dog collar gave him license that would otherwise have been denied a whim as a black south african by the authorities? in a wa , african by the authorities? in a way. yes. _ african by the authorities? in a way, yes, because _ african by the authorities? in —. way, yes, because whereas they could deal with other leaders of that area by locking them away, they could hardly lock away that archbishop, nor could they silencing his powerful eloquence. and so it was for them at the apartheid rulers who presided over the most brutal institutionalised system of races in the world has ever known with enormous violence, he was impossible to deal with, because he was so strong, he was so eloquent, he resonated with people, notjust in south africa but right across the world. and they couldn't deal with
him how they could with other opponents. he him how they could with other opponents-— him how they could with other opponents. him how they could with other o- onents. , ., ., ., , opponents. he seemed to have a broad reach, the faithful _ opponents. he seemed to have a broad reach, the faithful in _ opponents. he seemed to have a broad reach, the faithful in soweto, _ opponents. he seemed to have a broad reach, the faithful in soweto, the - reach, the faithful in soweto, the poorest parts of the city, and then his ability to strike the world stage with extraordinary confidence that must�*ve made him very hard for some leaders who didn't want to talk about apartheid. they couldn't avoid him or avoid him confronting them. he was terribly polite and charming, but in a devastating way. you he was terribly polite and charming, but in a devastating way.— but in a devastating way. you have ca tured but in a devastating way. you have captured that _ but in a devastating way. you have captured that perfectly. _ but in a devastating way. you have captured that perfectly. he - but in a devastating way. you have captured that perfectly. he could l captured that perfectly. he could speak to and reach the part that most protest leaders of that area couldn't. he could inspire the oppressed. at the same time, he was
—— it was impossible to refuse him an audience. and the fact that he was so prominent in the anglican church globally, notjust in south africa, he had a strength of purpose and the strength of commitment, but also a strength of power that he wouldn't otherwise have had. what was also extraordinary to know him as a friend was his character, because in private, and sometimes in public as well, he was mischievous, impish, humorous and witty. he could rouse an audience but also hold them in the palm of his hand. i am rouse an audience but also hold them in the palm of his hand.— in the palm of his hand. i am so sor to in the palm of his hand. i am so sorry to bring — in the palm of his hand. i am so sorry to bring this _ in the palm of his hand. i am so sorry to bring this to _ in the palm of his hand. i am so sorry to bring this to a - in the palm of his hand. i am so sorry to bring this to a close. i sorry to bring this to a close. lovely to talk to you about a great man. lifelong anti—apartheid campaigner talking about archbishop desmond tutu, who has died at the
age of 90, a man you might call the laughing revolutionary. understandably there is always a lot of talk about snow, and although there has been snow, there has been a lot of rain. this is the radar picture. as you can see, snow in the pennines, the hills in scotland and this is a very wintry scene this morning from county durham. but for many places, it is the rain, standing water and spray making difficult travel conditions. we keep a lot of cloud and rain towards the northern and eastern parts of england and on through scotland, and sleet and snow in the hills this afternoon. a brisk south—easterly wind running into scotland and north—east england, adding chill.
but it is still mild towards the south—west and wales, and gradually brighten up. brighter in northern ireland before the end of the day as well. rain and sleet and snow northwards through scotland overnight. elsewhere, wind ease. low cloud, mist and fog. temperatures stay above freezing for many, but part of scotland and northern england is where you get a frost. into tomorrow, the northern and western isles in scotland having a cloudy day, patchy rain and showers. another weather system bringing outbreaks of rain in england, scotland and wales. northern ireland, some cloud but brighter spells and in the far north of england and scotland we will sing see some sunny spells. 0utbreaks england and scotland we will sing see some sunny spells. outbreaks of rain to the south that run along the southern areas in the evening, and then on tuesday another weather system taking an area of rain across the central swathe of the uk, quite
windy to the south of that through much of wales and southern england, but it will be quite mild here and temperatures ranging from around six orseven temperatures ranging from around six or seven in scotland and 12 or 13 in the south. this weather system taking yet more rain northwards across the uk on wednesday and brings very mild air into the uk. that is transported northwards on this south—westerly wind. blustery with rain, but temperatures reaching into the mid teens. quite widely around the middle of the week. it stays mild but often wet and windy for the start of the new year.
this is bbc news. the headlines... tributes have been pouring in for archbishop desmond tutu, nobel laureate and veteran of south africa's struggle against apartheid — who has died at the age of 90. the president of south africa, cyril ramaphosa, has said that the passing of desmond tutu is another chapter of bereavement in south africa's "farewell to a generation of outstanding people who have bequeathed us a liberated country." new coronavirus restrictions come into force in scotland, wales and northern ireland — as the uk's devolved administrations try to limit the spread of the 0micron variant. uk ministers have proposed that pubs in england and wales should be allowed to stay open for an extra two hours nextjune, during a special bank holiday weekend to mark the queen's platinum jubilee. after 70 yea rs after 70 years on the british throne.