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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  April 4, 2022 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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tonight at ten... president zelensky visits the devastated city of bucha and accuses russian forces of committing genocide. the city and its people have been the target of a ruthless attack. the president said russian forces had committed war crimes. translation: committed war crimes. tuna/mom- committed war crimes. translation: , ., translation: there is real genocide, what ou translation: there is real genocide, what you have — translation: there is real genocide, what you have seen _ translation: there is real genocide, what you have seen here _ translation: there is real genocide, what you have seen here today. - translation: there is real genocide, what you have seen here today. as - what you have seen here today. as for president putin, his team says the images that people have seen are staged and that no war crimes have been committed. president biden has said for the first time that vladimir putin should be put on trial. the other main stories... the future of the planet, scientists say it is now or never if disastrous
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climate change is to be contained. the list of covid symptoms in england is extended to nine, including persistent fatigue. and june brown, dot cotton of eastenders, who had an acting career lasting seven decades, has died at the age of 95. coming up in the sport... on the news channel... can arsenal return to the top four, or will it be time for a party for crystal palace at selhurst park in the premier league? good evening. president zelensky has visited the ukrainian town of bucha, where shocking images of the bodies of civilians lying in the streets have led to worldwide condemnation of russia. mr zelensky accused russian forces of committing genocide, while president biden called vladimir putin a war criminal and said the russian leader
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should be put on trial. as russian troops withdraw from bucha, the extent of the brutality is becoming ever more clear. russia is still denying any involvement in the mutilation and murder of hundreds of civilians. it says the images shown by the world's media are staged and fake. our correspondent yogita limaye was one of the journalists who travelled to bucha with the president. a warning — her report contains some distressing images. the place where ukraine's pushback against russia is most clearly visible. this street in the town of bucha, just outside of kyiv, lined with blown—up tanks and armoured vehicles. today, ukrainian�*s president, volodymyr zelensky, visited the town, drawing attention to the brutality that unfolded here. "i believe these are definitely war crimes, i believe it's genocide
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"in its purest sense, because children have been killed, "women have been raped and civilians executed," he said. through the day, we saw evidence of deliberate murders. in the village of motyzhyn, a shallow grave was found in the woods. four bodies could be seen half—buried, but officials told us there could be more. 51—year—old olha sukhenko, her husband igor and her son oleksander, who was 25. she was the head of the village. they lived in this house. officials believe they were killed by russian soldiers for helping ukraine's army. in bucha, in the basement of a building, we saw the bodies of five men, hands tied behind their backs, some shot in the head,
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others in the chest. pictures too ghastly to show. vlad was helping gather the bodies being found. translation: people have been shot in the head by russian snipers, - people on bicycles, people delivering potatoes. i can tell you so many stories but i don't want to. i want to forget them. these men are still to be identified. the mayor says more than 300 have been killed. they are still discovering dead bodies here in bucha, the horror of what unfolded coming to light now. but there are still areas of this country under russian control, and no—one quite knows what's going on there.
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is it still possible to talk peace with russia, we asked president zelensky? "ukraine deserves peace, we can't live with war, "every day our army is fighting but we don't want the lives "of millions to be lost," he said. "that's why dialogue is necessary." yogita limaye, bbc news, bucha. as we mentioned, russia's response to the worldwide outpouring of anger and condemnation has been to deny any involvement and accuse the world's media of making it all up. the shocking images of bodies in the streets of bucha were staged, they said, and talk of war crimes and genocide was fake news. russia's foreign minister, sergei lavrov, has led the kremlin�*s response to the fury of the international community, as our russia editor, steve rosenberg, reports. this is how russia wants its soldiers in ukraine to be seen, as heroes. and humanitarian workers.
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a caring, sharing army, spreading goodness and light to those it claims to be liberating. but moscow knows the international community doesn't believe that. mr lavrov, the us president has called your president a war criminal and said he must be held accountable, what does that tell us about russia's international reputation right now? what this says is many american politicians who started the iraq war, destroyed syria, invaded libya, their conscience is in a bad way. our main interest is what the russian people think about this situation. as for evidence of apparent russian atrocities, the kremlin calls those provocations and fakes. whenever russia is accused of anything, be it the poisonings in salisbury or in this case atrocities in ukraine,
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the reaction from the authorities is much the same, deny everything and point the finger back. because the kremlin has total control of the media here, it is able to persuade many russians that it is right. and the kremlin is receiving spiritual support. yesterday, the russian patriarch led prayers in the cathedral of the russian armed forces. he told soldiers they were heroes defending the motherland and russia's freedom. from the church, no hint of criticism of the methods or aims. but some russians disagree with both. this man was a senior manager at one of russia's largest banks but he has resigned in protest at russia's offensive in ukraine and the bank's support for it.
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translation: russia has created a huge area of chaos _ and lawlessness in ukraine. of course, the russian government is what is responsible for what is happening there. before the war, i was proud of being russian, there was lots to be proud of, but the war has cancelled all of that out. ruslan took a moral stand but he has no illusions, the russia he thought he knew has gone. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. earlier today, president biden accused vladimir putin of being a war criminal and said russian troops were taking part in a genocidal campaign in ukraine. mr biden added that the discovery of mass graves in some areas meant that a war crimes trial would have to be held. here, the foreign secretary, liz truss, called for more weapons and more sanctions to limit the power of russia's military machine. she has also argued that russia should be suspended from the un human rights council. but gathering incontrovertible
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evidence of war crimes can be a challenging process, and the threshold of proof needs to be very high to secure prosecutions, as our special correspondent allan little explains. as russian forces retreat, the evidence accumulates of atrocities against civilians. near kyiv, a man attempting to flee sees a tank and gets out of his car. seconds later, he is shot dead. nearby, a woman has buried her only son with her own hands. it falls into a pattern of behaviour which is consistent with anti—partisan warfare, or mopping—up operations, that the russian military has conducted in a number of conflicts in the past, and essentially it is aimed at terrorising the population in response to insurgents or resistance fighters operating from their communities. and so the intent is to make the population pay a collective price for sustaining resistance.
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the precedent for holding political and military leaders responsible was established at nuremberg in 1916. this was the founding moment of international criminal law and the new concept of the crime of aggression acquired legal force, including crimes against humanity. during the war in former yugoslavia in the 1990s, that concept was invoked again with the setting—up of a special war crimes tribunal in the hague. it took many years, but, in the end, prominent military and political leaders were brought to justice. this is the bosnian serb leader radovan karadzic. no—one thinks he killed with his own hands, but he was convicted of commissioning the crimes of others, of command responsibility, and will never be released from prison. could vladimir putin face a similarfate? only, says one prominent war crimes prosecutor, if he is charged specifically with the crime of aggression, and no international court in existence today yet has the legal competence to do that.
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a number of governments are closely examining how you would create a special tribunal. unlike war crimes and crimes against humanity, the crime of aggression is relatively straightforward to establish. after all, mr putin has declared his objectives and his rationale, and there is no legal basis for what is going on in ukraine today. but the yugoslav tribunal was created by a unanimous vote at the un security council. russian and chinese vetoes would make that impossible today. the yugoslav tribunal also needed regime change in former yugoslavia, new governments, ready to collaborate with the international court in gathering evidence and arresting and handing over former leaders. it is hard to imagine a post—putin russia opening its doors to western—backed criminal investigators, far less arresting and handing over any members of today's ruling elite. butjustice matters in any transition to peace.
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the woman in white is dzenana sokolovic in wartime sarajevo. a sniper�*s bullet has injured her and killed her seven—year—old son, nermin. she wanted, needed, her day in court. translation: it meant a lot to me. i went for the sake of my child. i know that nothing will bring him back, but i would go again - tomorrow if they ask me. i can't tell you how important it was for me to testify. - allan little, bbc news. live to the ukrainian capital kyiv and our correspondent yogita limaye. iamjust i am just wondering, given that you saw the president's visit today, what kind of impact do you think the visit made on him, what was your impression? he
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visit made on him, what was your impression?— visit made on him, what was your imression? , , , ., impression? he looked visibly moved b what he impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had _ impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had seen. _ impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had seen. he _ impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had seen. he said - impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had seen. he said it - impression? he looked visibly moved by what he had seen. he said it was i by what he had seen. he said it was unimaginable. we actually met him on a street where this long russian column had been ambushed and destroyed by ukrainian forces. so, if not for what has happened, he might have been standing there talking about the gains made by the military, but instead he was talking about war crimes and genocide. he also said there was that were responsible would be held to account. he was very keen for the world to see what had gone on in bucha. it has been about three days since the russians withdrew from there, from other areas they have pulled out from, we are hearing similar accounts of atrocities, of murders, fears that it could possibly be worse in some of those areas. you know, thinking back to the terror and the fear that these people witnessed in the last moments of their lives. and, of course, thinking of areas like mariupol,
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currently under russian control, very little is known of what is happening with people there. maw; happening with people there. many thanks again _ happening with people there. many thanks again for _ happening with people there. many thanks again for the _ happening with people there. many thanks again for the latest in kyiv. the other main story is, in effect, a message of encouragement from the leading climate scientists that the worst effects can be contained, but only if governments act quickly. if the rise is to be capped at 1.5 celsius, carbon dioxide must be reduced now. our climate editorjustin rowlatt has more details. what the un has published today is a road map for saving the world from the worst of climate change, but it comes with a massive warning. it is now or never. there can be no more broken promises on climate, says the un.
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some governments and business leaders are saying one thing but doing another. simply put, they are lying. and the results will be catastrophic. but there is some good news in today's report, so let's start there. the cost of renewable technologies — wind turbines, solar panels, batteries — have been falling far quicker than anyone expected. as a result, the world is rapidly building solar and wind plants. in fact last year 10% of global electricity was generated from renewables, according to a report last week. but, says the un, harnessing the power of the sun and the wind will not be enough. the report details how we'll also need to change the way we get around, what we eat, how efficient our homes and businesses are, how we farm, how we produce the goods we buy, how we move those goods around, and
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how we protect the natural world. in short, pretty much everything has to change, because pretty much everything we do produces carbon dioxide. it is possible, says today's report, but time is almost out. we've got peak carbon emissions before 2025, says the un, and then cut them back by at least 43% by the end of 2030. and then we need to take them all the way down to net zero by 2050. it is a tall order, especially given that emissions are currently going up, not down. what needs to happen is that we need to use all the available tools we have in terms of policies, technologies, and we need to start to use them immediately. if that happens, then it is still possible, just possible, to limit warming to 1.5 degrees. but we'll also need to develop technologies to take carbon out of the atmosphere to balance out those emissions we cannot eradicate.
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trees are one way, but we will need high—tech solutions too, and they have yet to be proved, at scale. making all these changes will cost money, but it will also deliver huge benefits, says the un. your life will probably get better. that is one of the key results because there are many benefits with these measures that are needed. better air quality, better health, more active lifestyles, healthier food systems. the authors of today's report are very clear. they say that the fossil fuel era has to end, and end very soon. that conclusion, indeed all the conclusions in this report, have been approved by all of the governments of the world. so the big question now is will they enable the radical action today's report demands? and justin is with me.
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some people might think, hang on, is this report a warning or actually a form of encouragement?- this report a warning or actually a form of encouragement? that's a very aood form of encouragement? that's a very good question- _ form of encouragement? that's a very good question. it's _ form of encouragement? that's a very good question. it's a _ form of encouragement? that's a very good question. it's a combination - form of encouragement? that's a very good question. it's a combination of. good question. it's a combination of both. it is a warning, they say it is now or never, we really have to do this now. i think the un feels really frustrated, like you, it says, we have warned you again and again, we have warned the governments of the world on the people of the world that this is a real problem they need to tackle. and still not enough action is happening. in a sense, they are grabbing the world by the lapels and saying, don't you understand? we got to do this now. i think it is a really urgent call to action. they are also saying, here is a road map, are also saying, here is a road map, a menu, a recipe of what we need to do to stay within1.5 degrees, the threshold after which climate change will be really damaging. and they are saying it can be done, but please, please start now, get started, because if we are going to do it we really, really do have to begin right now.—
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begin right now. justham, many thanks again- — the government is pressing ahead with plans to privatise channel 4. the broadcaster, which is currently owned by the government and funded through advertising, said it was disappointed with the decision and suggested significant public interest concerns had not been recognised. the government believes the sale will give the channel more freedom to thrive long term. as we've reported frequently over the past two years, the pandemic caused long waiting lists for nhs treatment, but one area has seen a bigger increase than most, and that's gynaecology. in england, there are now 60% more women waiting than before the pandemic. throughout the uk, more than half a million women are waiting for help. the royal college of obstetricians and gynaecologists says gender bias is to blame and that women's health is consistently deprioritised and overlooked. our health correspondent catherine burns has the story. in pain, their lives on hold.
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more than 500,000 women across the uk are on waiting lists for gynaecology treatment. the bleeding over time, over that year got heavier and heavier and the pain got worse and worse. i'm pretty much house bound now, due to the pain. i have another year—and—a—half to go, before i can— have my hysterectomy. the biggest impact for me so far has been on my mental health. it's just — it's just got worse. i'm sick of feeling at 44 like i'm 94. like so many other women, pain is a constant companion for lucy reading. she has endometriosis, which means tissue like the lining of the womb grows in places it shouldn't, including the ovaries. i'll be honest, i've felt suicidal at times with this condition. the level of pain, you just, you just want it to stop. you just want it to go away. for lucy, endometriosis means she has not been able to have children. now she needs a hysterectomy.
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she was referred for help in march last year, but is worried she still has a long wait ahead of her. i can't even put it into words, because my life is not my life as it is at the moment. it is cruel. it's cruel to leave somebody waiting there, for that long. you wouldn't do that to a dog. there were problems with gynaecology waiting lists before covid. in february 2020, almost 290,000 women in england were on a waiting list. the latest figures bring it closer to 460,000, an increase of 60%. before the pandemic, 66 women were on the list for more than a year. now, there are almost 25,000. the nhs is dealing with a record backlog of people waiting for care, and the priority is often on patients with conditions that could kill them. the women on these gynaecology waiting lists aren't dying, but their doctors say many of them are barely living. hundreds of thousands of women,
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young and old, often with conditions that can be extremely painful impact their fertility and damage their mental health. i believe that women's health and gynaecology has been significantly affected by this, because there is an element of gender bias in the system at the moment. the priority that they urgently need is not being given to them. the government is publishing a women's health strategy later this year, and ministers accept that health services must listen to women's voices. nhs england says waiting times across the system are more than six weeks down on their peak in the pandemic. the impact of this condition is devastating, almost soul—destroying. i can't enjoy my life properly. and i want it back. ijust continue to just... ..barely exist. catherine burns, bbc news.
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the familiar list of symptoms associated with covid has now been extended in england. there are no fewer than nine new signs of illness, including fatigue, breathlessness and a sore throat. free covid tests in england are no longer available. our health editor, hugh pym, is here. i suppose the question is twofold. why the extended list, and why now? the thinking among ministers and officials is that society needs to move at some stage towards living with covid and handling it rather like the flu. we have all got used to the three key symptoms on websites, a loss of taste and smell, high—temperature and new and continuous cough. those are symptoms of covid. nine others are being added, including, for example, feeling exhausted or having a headache. the guidance now in england is if you feel that you have got some of the symptoms and a high temperature, oryou got some of the symptoms and a high temperature, or you feel too unwell to going to work, then you should stay at home. the idea as it may not
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be covid, but it is probably flu, so you stop people generally who are infectious going into a workplace or public space. in england, lateral flow tests, freely available to everybody, have stopped. and there is an acknowledgement among officials that there will be a lot less testing. so this is, supposedly, the answer to that. but infections remain pretty high at the moment across society. there have been staff absences, flights disrupted because of staff absences already this week. scotland, wales and northern ireland, i should say, are not changing their guidelines at the moment. free lateralflow testing continues for a little while yet. 0k, many thanks again. hundreds of thousands of people in sri lanka have been protesting against worsening shortages of fuel, food and medicines. the governor of the bank of sri lanka has resigned and senior government ministers have stepped down because of the growing economic crisis. problems have been made worse by the collapse of the tourist industry during the pandemic, as our correspondent rajini vaidyanathan reports from colombo.
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they're calling it sri lanka's arab spring. a mass uprising in a country on the brink of economic collapse. people have had enough of food and fuel shortages and daily power cuts. a few moments ago, the street light went. people are waving their phones in the airfor light. this is another moment of solidarity, in a country which was once deeply divided by civil war. as the desperation has grown, so have the protests. why are you here today? to show the disbelief that the people of sri lanka have in this government. and to show how they have failed us as a nation. people can't afford their daily rice, their dhal, their basic necessities. people can't get on buses to come to work, to go to school. how much worse can it get? there is no petrol, there is no diesel. |
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kids can't sit their exams. because there is no paper. people have been queueing for hours just to get cooking gas. the country struggled to import basics after foreign currency reserves ran low, in part due to a drop in tourism. prices are now sky—high. at the local market, we met advertising executive rajeev. so this is an apple. it used to cost, what, a year ago? a year ago, 30 rupees. 30 rupees an apple. now how much are the apples? right now, one piece is 100 rupees, no? 150? so the price of this apple has gone up by five times in a year. sri lankans blame the country's president, gotabaya rajapaksa for mismanaging the economy. seen as a ruthless politician, he is clinging on to power, even as the entire cabinet quit. tonight, protesters gathered outside his office in the capital,
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demanding he resign. an island nation in turmoil, running out of the basics and running out of patience. rajini vaidyanathan, bbc news, colombo. june brown, who enjoyed an acting career that spanned seven decades, has died at the age of 95. she was best known for playing one of the best—known characters on british television, dot cotton of eastenders, the soap shejoined when it launched in 1985. her co—stars on eastenders paid tribute to her talent as an actor, to her warmth and humour, and to her popularity with millions of viewers. our arts correspondent david sillito looks back at her long and eventful life. i've got to face facts, with my nerves, i've got to smoke. you silly little man! she was albert square's god—fearing, chain—smoking, hypochondriac gossip. my own son. all right, you made your point. dot cotton was, forjune brown,
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the role of a lifetime. i suppose you know that tate has got a bit of a reputation. even religious men who collect bibles can only think of the one thing. however, they didn't have a lot in common. people ask me if i am like dot. hello,jim. it's me, dorothy. the only way i am like dot is in my feelings about spirituality. only they are rather advanced for dot. but apart from that, i'm not... really like dot at all, i don't think. her acting career had begun at the old vic. there were many theatre roles and appearances on tv and film. what was it about? she also had six children. but it was dot that made her famous. and for fellow cast member natalie cassidy, she was both a friend and an inspiration.
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oh, i don't know where to start, really. it's really a sad day. she was an absolute powerhouse. she was incredible to work with. she was fun, she was professional. every single scene she did, every word she said, was truthful. and that's why i think everybody fell in love with her. what had begun as just a few weeks' work turned into a role that lasted 35 years. dot cotton could easily have just come and gone. but it was june brown who turned her into an indispensable part of albert square. the actressjune brown, better known as dot cotton of eastenders, who's died at the age of 95. that's it. now on bbc one, time for the news where you are. have a very good night.


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