tv BBC News at Ten BBC News April 14, 2022 10:00pm-10:31pm BST
tonight at ten, 50 days into the war in ukraine, and president zelensky tells me his heart is now filled with hate for russia. speaking exclusively to the bbc, he calls president putin a war criminal and says with each atrocity his soldiers commit, the opportunities for a negotiated peace diminish. bucha is in this process closing these possibilities. bucha, borodyanka, mariupol, so i don't have, you know — it's not about me, it's more about russia. and the other main stories on tonight's programme... the channel crossing that ends in rwanda — the government plan to tackle asylum seekers in dover by processing their claims in east africa.
this innovative approach, driven by our shared humanitarian impulse and made possible by brexit freedoms, will provide safe and legal routes for asylum, while disrupting the business model of the gangs. they're unworkable, they're extortionate, they're going to cost taxpayers billions of pounds, and theyjust reflect a prime minister who's got no grip, no answers to the questions that need answering. the londoner whojoined the islamic state group in syria — convicted of hostage—taking and conspiring to murder two britons and four americans. the nhs in england under mounting pressure — another rise in those waiting for hospital treatment, and the poorest performance yet for a&e. and the booker prize—winning author douglas stuart on how bullying, bigotry and benefits shaped his childhood in glasgow. coming up in sport later on the bbc news channel,
west ham united look to reach their first european semifinal since 1976. good evening. we're live in kyiv with an exclusive interview with ukraine's president, volodymyr zelensky. he says alleged russian atrocities are threatening peace negotiations, and he's called vladimir putin a war criminal, along with anyone associated with the military. i've been speaking with him here in the capital, on the 50th day since russia's invasion and the beginning of the war, and also now, as russian forces focus their attention on the east of the country, president zelensky is urging western nations to speed up the delivery of military aid to help his troops.
mr president. clive myrie, a pleasure to meet you, it's good to see you. for the entirety of the war volodymyr zelensky has called this heavily fortified building home in the centre of kyiv. how difficult has it been for you to be here through all this without your family? through all this without your famil ? �* , , through all this without your famil ? v through all this without your famil? �*, ., ., ., family? it's my “ob. i have to do it and it's family? it's my job. i have to do it and it's difficult _ family? it's my job. i have to do it and it's difficult without _ family? it's my job. i have to do it and it's difficult without a - family? it's my job. i have to do it and it's difficult without a family l and it's difficult without a family being anywhere. his and it's difficult without a family being anywhere.— being anywhere. his wife and children are _ being anywhere. his wife and children are safe _ being anywhere. his wife and children are safe at _ being anywhere. his wife and children are safe at an - being anywhere. his wife and - children are safe at an undisclosed location. his companions here, heavily armed troops, sandbags and mines. at the start of the war they walked around in the darkness here, afraid of russian shelling. it’s afraid of russian shelling. it's like our afraid of russian shelling. it�*s like our country, like our country is going through the dark. going throu~h is going through the dark. going through the _ is going through the dark. going through the darkness. _ is going through the dark. going through the darkness. to - is going through the dark. going through the darkness. to the i through the darkness. to the victo , through the darkness. to the victory. i _ through the darkness. to the victory. i hepe _ through the darkness. to the victory, i hope so. _ through the darkness. to the
victory, i hope so. as - through the darkness. to the victory, i hope so. as we - through the darkness. to the i victory, i hope so. as we enter through the darkness. to the - victory, i hope so. as we enter what is labelled the — victory, i hope so. as we enter what is labelled the situation _ victory, i hope so. as we enter what is labelled the situation room, - victory, i hope so. as we enter what is labelled the situation room, the l is labelled the situation room, the president gets a text.— president gets a text. come on in. from macron- _ president gets a text. come on in. from macron. emmanuel- president gets a text. come on in. from macron. emmanuel macron. | president gets a text. come on in. i from macron. emmanuel macron. he -honed from macron. emmanuel macron. he phoned me. _ from macron. emmanuel macron. he phoned me. we — from macron. emmanuel macron. he phoned me, we have _ from macron. emmanuel macron. he phoned me, we have connections. . from macron. emmanuel macron. hel phoned me, we have connections. 0k, he not phoned me, we have connections. 0k, he got your— phoned me, we have connections. 0k, he got your message, i can say. i - phoned me, we have connections. 0k, he got your message, i can say. i do . he got your message, i can say. i do know! he just _ he got your message, i can say. i gr know! he just tried to reach you, my friend. know! he 'ust tried to reach you, my friend. ~ , ., ., know! he 'ust tried to reach you, my friend. ~ i. ., friend. when you have some time, so we are holding _ friend. when you have some time, so we are holding on _ friend. when you have some time, so we are holding up mr— friend. when you have some time, so we are holding up mr macron. - friend. when you have some time, so we are holding up mr macron. yeah. l friend. when you have some time, so we are holding up mr macron. yeah. i can see the — we are holding up mr macron. yeah. i can see the plus _ we are holding up mr macron. yeah. i can see the plus 33, _ we are holding up mr macron. yeah. i can see the plus 33, that's _ we are holding up mr macron. iezei i can see the plus 33, that's paris. yeah. 0k? aha, can see the plus 33, that's paris. yeah- 0k?— can see the plus 33, that's paris. yeah. 0k? �* , ., yeah. 0k? a few minutes later he returns. yeah. 0k? a few minutes later he returns- his _ yeah. 0k? a few minutes later he returns. his preoccupation, - yeah. 0k? a few minutes later he returns. his preoccupation, a - returns. his preoccupation, a renewed military onslaught about to begin in the east. are you getting the right weapons you need from the west? translation: ~ ., , ., translation: we need weapons today so we can fight- — translation: we need weapons today so we can fight. we _ translation: we need weapons today so we can fight. we cannot _ translation: we need weapons today so we can fight. we cannot wait - so we can fight. we cannot wait until some country decides to give or sell as weapons. some have not decided on this and we cannot wait
two or three weeks or a month. the united states, united kingdom and some european countries are helping but we need it sooner, we need it now. is it enough? we don't think so. the priority sooner, the priority word is quickly and the priority word is quickly and the priority word, now. he priority word is quickly and the priority word, now.— priority word, now. he is a president _ priority word, now. he is a president who _ priority word, now. he is a president who has - priority word, now. he is a president who has been i priority word, now. he is a | president who has been cut priority word, now. he is a - president who has been cut off from his people, a citizenry suffering unimaginable horrors at the hands of a ruthless adversary. he is full of hate, he says, for russia's troops and their leaders, gradually limiting the scope for peace talks. is vladimir putin a war criminal? translation: i is vladimir putin a war criminal? translation:— is vladimir putin a war criminal? translation: ~ ., , ., translation: i think that everyone, an one who translation: i think that everyone, anyone who gave _ translation: i think that everyone, anyone who gave orders _ translation: i think that everyone, anyone who gave orders all— translation: i think that everyone, anyone who gave orders all at - anyone who gave orders all at the top, the entire entourage of the military, they are all criminals. how do you sit across the table to try to stop the war? how do you do
that? �* . ., , , try to stop the war? how do you do that?, ,, that? bucha is in this process closin: that? bucha is in this process closing this — that? bucha is in this process closing this possibility. - that? bucha is in this process| closing this possibility. bucha, borodyanka, mariupol, so i don't have, you know, it's not about me, it's more about russia. they will not have so many chances. in the long period to speak with us. the first two years of my presidential term, i did all i could to have meetings with them, to have negotiations with them, to stop the war with them. ﬁnd negotiations with them, to stop the war with them-— war with them. and what of those euro ean war with them. and what of those european countries? _ war with them. and what of those european countries? despite - war with them. and what of those european countries? despite of i war with them. and what of those | european countries? despite of the sanctions still sending billions to russia in oil and gas revenues. translation: we russia in oil and gas revenues. translation:— russia in oil and gas revenues. translation: ~ ., �* , ., ., translation: we don't understand how ou can translation: we don't understand how you can make — translation: we don't understand how you can make money _ translation: we don't understand how you can make money out _ translation: we don't understand how you can make money out of—
translation: we don't understand how you can make money out of blood. - you can make money out of blood. unfortunately some european countries have done this. before the war began i spoke to chancellor merkel and said, if a full—scale invasion of ukraine happens they will go further into poland and, after that, they will be on your borders of germany. if that happened, would you say to young people it's fine, it's business, it's just business, people it's fine, it's business, it'sjust business, it people it's fine, it's business, it's just business, it has nothing to do with the war. war is war, we are going to fight for freedom and democracy with our right and we will be shooting but with our left hand we will be earning money. haifa be shooting but with our left hand we will be earning money. how do you maintain hope? _ we will be earning money. how do you maintain hope? in _ we will be earning money. how do you maintain hope? in the _ we will be earning money. how do you maintain hope? in the future, - we will be earning money. how do you maintain hope? in the future, given i maintain hope? in the future, given everything that's happened? translation: it's everything that's happened? translation:— everything that's happened? translation: �*, ., , translation: it's not hope, its certain . translation: it's not hope, its certainty- that _ translation: it's not hope, its certainty. that you _ translation: it's not hope, its certainty. that you will - translation: it's not hope, its certainty. that you will win. - translation: it's not hope, its| certainty. that you will win. yes, of course- _ certainty. that you will win. yes, of course- mr — certainty. that you will win. yes, of course. mr president, - of course. mr president, thank you is yellow thank you so much. -
the president speaking to me a little earlier today, at an undisclosed location in the capital. in other developments, the flagship of russia's black sea fleet, the moskva, has sunk following an explosion and fire, according to russia's defence ministry. ukraine claims it fired on the warship with two missiles. russia denies this, but has admitted there was a fire on board, saying the vessel sank while being towed back to port in stormy weather. well, our russia editor steve rosenberg is live in moscow for us tonight. there's claim and counterclaim about the moskva, steve. yeah, that's right, but certainly as the symbol of russia's black sea fleet, the moskva was an enormous symbol, really, a symbol of russia's military might, and the fact that this symbol has been engulfed in a fire, has been put out of action,
has now sunk while being towed back to harbour, that, i think, has now sunk while being towed back to harbour, that, ithink, is has now sunk while being towed back to harbour, that, i think, is a major blow to the prestige of the russian armed forces and it kind of goes against what president putin was saying just a couple of days ago when he declared that what he called his special military operation was going according to plan. and talking of president putin, a couple of things struck me when i was listening to your interview. the first thing is how different the presidents of russia and ukraine are. on the one hand you've got president zelensky trying to get his message out to the world, giving interviews to journalists. vladimir putin hasn't given interviews to the western media since russia attacked ukraine. one thing they have in common, they both insist they are going to win. common, they both insist they are going to win-— going to win. indeed, 0k, steve rosenberg. _ going to win. indeed, 0k, steve rosenberg, live _ going to win. indeed, 0k, steve rosenberg, live in _ going to win. indeed, 0k, steve rosenberg, live in moscow. - volodymyr zelensky is a charming man with a firm handshake. affable and relaxed in our conversation, he tensed up on just two occasions —
when talking about the alleged war crimes of russian troops, and when questioned about the continued purchase of russian oil and gas by european countries. his decision to stay in the capital throughout the war has endeared him to his people and millions around the world. and his armed forces, in their dogged resistance against russia, reflect his own steel and determination. he is an adversary moscow did not believe was up to the challenge. how wrong they seem to be. that's it from me and the team here in kyiv. now back to you, reeta, in london. clive, many thanks, clive myrie there. in a highly controversial change to uk immigration policy, the government plans to send anyone deemed to be entering the country illegally to rwanda in east africa. borisjohnson claimed the move would set a "new international standard" for dealing with immigration, but it's been
heavily criticised by several charities and opposition parties. the scheme, intended to undermine people—smugglers, will apply to men and women — but not children or families — such as those who arrive here in small boats across the channel or on lorries, and it will include those who've come since the beginning of the year. a deal was signed in the rwandan capital kigali today, from where our home editor mark easton reports. a handshake in the grip of controversy. this formal agreement between britain and rwanda is, according to the home secretary, a world—first in the approach to dealing with asylum seekers. men and women arriving in the uk by an unofficial route will have their request for sanctuary ruled inadmissible, classed as an illegal migrant, and could be forcibly relocated 4000 miles south to rebuild their life in east africa. we, as two ministers, stand here today absolutely committed to changing some of the norms around the broken
global migration system, because for too long, other countries, and by the way, naysayers just sit on their hands and have been watching people die. the migration and economic development partnership sees the uk send an initial £120 million for educational projects in rwanda, in return for the small african state helping deal with what's become a humiliation for ministers who promised to control britain's borders. record numbers of asylum seekers arriving across the channel in small boats. the prime minister was in dover today, to launch a series of policies designed to show the government getting serious with the problem of people traffickers. this innovative approach, driven by our shared humanitarian impulse and made possible by brexit freedoms, will provide safe and legal routes for asylum, while disrupting the business model of the gangs. but the centrepiece of the response
is the deal with rwanda. if it happens, this is where the first of those flown to kigali will be housed — currently a private hostel. is it reserved for people coming from britain? that is right. today's guided tour also included a meeting with a yemeni refugee who has successfully made his home in the country. the weather is really great the whole year, no change! yeah, i think this is most of the things that i like. many, though, have profound concerns about the practicality, the cost, and the humanity of this deal — the british government sending off traumatised asylum seekers halfway around the world to rebuild their lives in a country they've never been to. rwanda is still a country recovering from genocide — half a million people killed in the mid—90s. criticised by the uk for its human rights record last year, this may seem an odd choice of partner to entrust with protecting the human rights of traumatised
and vulnerable asylum seekers. israel scrapped a similar arrangement with rwanda in 2018, after it emerged that asylum seekers ended up in the hands of people traffickers. there were accounts of rape, torture, enslavement and murder, as desperate refugees headed north to try to get into europe across the mediterranean. opposition politicians were united in condemning the deal. they�* re unworkable, they're extortionate, they're going to cost taxpayers billions of pounds, and theyjust reflect a prime minister who's got no grip, no answers. it's clearly not going to work. there's no evidence that it will stop these appalling organised criminal gangs, these traffickers, and it's going to be incredibly expensive as well. i think it's horrendous, i think it's a pathetic, i desperate and cruel political stunt.
i think it's going to do real harm | to refugees and asylum seekers, it'll do absolutely no harm to people smugglers. - the hope — to stop the small boats. the ambition — potentially for tens of thousands of people to be packed onto planes to rwanda. the reality — a government expecting a challenge in the courts seeking to scupper this proposal before it begins. mark easton, bbc news, rwanda. one of the main aims of the policy is to stop people from making the treacherous journey across the channel. more than 28,500 people crossed in small boats last year — that's almost a tenfold increase on four years ago. this year looks set to exceed that number. so far, over ll,500 people have arrived. official figures show that just over half of all asylum claims are successful. our correspondentjessica parker has been speaking to some of those who are planning to cross the channel, and sent this report from dunkirk. a makeshift village in northern france, sandwiched between woods and railway tracks. men collect firewood, children play games.
the long wait for a better life than this. mrjohnson said the scheme would be uncapped... it was literally news to these men that some who reach england could be sent to rwanda. shafi, who tells me he fled afghanistan, says it's double standards. they're welcoming all ukrainian people in their houses, we heard that everyone in the world is welcoming ukrainians in their house. we were asked a lot of questions — who will they send, when, why? everyone wants a better future, and if they take us to rwanda, what are we going to do there? like, it's a lot worse place than afghanistan, right? there is no future for us in rwanda. will that make you think twice about trying the journey? no, we have no other choice, we will still go there, we'll still try our best, you know, let's see what happens, they will still try to go there. there are women and children here, but it is mostly single men, and they're not the only ones taken aback by the government plans. rwanda?! vraiment?! you can see what local
volunteer marie thinks. translation: it's horrible - and absurd, it doesn't make sense. it makes absolutely no sense. why would the government do something like that? in the uk, it's expected these plans will be challenged in the courts. but people in dover say a solution is needed. i feel for them, they're human beings, like us, and they're fleeing from their circumstances. but, equally, we can't carry on forever taking everyone. obviously, they've got to go somewhere. so. yeah. — perhaps it would be a better idea, rather than come straight into dover all the time. those living in the camp are on long journeys. the english language, family — reasons frequently for given about why they want to reach the uk. hundreds of people are living in this camp just outside dunkirk, in northern france, and they don't seem — those we've spoken to — particularly deterred by the idea
that they could be sent to rwanda if they reach the uk. they accept it might be a risk, but what they tell us is they've already risked so much to get this far. and many still are willing to risk their lives crossing the english channel. a border force ship bringing more people ashore today — safe for now, but with uncertain futures. jessica parker, bbc news, in dunkirk, northern france. let's speak to our political correspondent, helen catt. at westminster. this issue has bedevilled governments for a number of years now, is this policy the answer? well, it is certainly very different to what has been tried in the past. previous solutions have focused on solutions with france or the channel itself, things like security checks and fences. there are really big questions of this policy will work and if it is even the sort of thing the uk should be doing. it is likely to face legal challenges. i think the government's calculation is
likely to be it will get some political credit for putting forward a clear policy on this that is big and is new. and it is absolutely crucialfor and is new. and it is absolutely crucial for the government to be seen to be getting a grip on this issue because of the promises that were made in the brexit campaign about taking back control of borders. when you have got images of people turning up on beaches sometimes on a daily basis, that completely undermines that promise. the other thing today's announcement has done is to get us talking about policy again, ahead of next month's local elections next week when parliament returns from recess, borisjohnson will face more questions about what he said to mps about lockdown parties. he said today he will set the record straight next week.- today he will set the record straight next week. helen, many thanks. a british member of the islamic state group has been found guilty in america of being involved in the kidnapping and killing of american and british hostages in syria. el shafee elsheikh was part of a notorious is group that
kidnapped and beheaded western hostages, filming their crimes in 2013 and 2014. our north america correspondent, nomia iqbal, has more. nearly a decade later, el shafee elsheikh will finally pay for his crimes. he has been found guilty of being a member of the gang who kidnapped and beheaded hostages in syria. the victims were american journalists james foley, steven sotloff, and aid workers peter kassig and kayla mueller. he also conspired in the deaths of british aid workers david haines and alan henning. none of their bodies have ever been found. they were killed in acts of barbarism that shocked the world, and now, theirfamilies have finally gotjustice. it was a lot more emotional. i expected to be happy, excited but, you know, it's the realisation that, you know, he's guilty, and what he's done to all the families, all the hostages. i've not slept a full night's sleep, probably, since my dad was killed in 2014. so hopefully, tonight,
i'll get a full night's sleep. he was given the best, in terms of mercy and justice, as opposed to what our citizens and the british citizens went through. all of them have been in court every day, reliving the nightmare. kayla mueller�*s mother wept on the stand, as she read out ransom e—mails sent by elsheikh, saying the gang wanted millions for her daughter to be freed. former hostages who were released after the ransom was paid described elsheikh and his accomplices as "sadists", who electrocuted, water—boarded and starved them. one said he tried to kill himself to escape. the defence tried to make out this was a case of mistaken identity, relying on the fact he always wore a full mask around hostages. when the verdicts came through, elsheikh showed very little reaction. the families quietly wept, held each other�*s hands, and there was an audible sigh of relief. it's taken them nearly
ten years to getjustice. el shafee elsheikh is the last man in this notorious trio to face a reckoning. they were nicknamed the so—called isis beetles, a nickname given to them by the hostages because all three men had english accents. one of them is now dead, another pleaded guilty last year, elsheikh won't face the death penalty as part of the us and uk extradition agreement, but he does now face spending the rest of his life in a jail cell. thank you, nomia iqbal. the conservative mp imran ahmad khan — found guilty of sexually assaulting a 15—year—old boy — says he is resigning as an mp. it means a by—election in his wakefield constituency, where he was elected for the first time in 2019. it was previously a labour seat. the scottish conservatives have launched their manifesto for next month's local elections. the party wants to hold down
council tax rates and look at extending the school day, to help pupils catch up with learning missed during the pandemic. you have until midnight tonight to register to vote in council elections in england and wales, and the assembly election in northern ireland, which take place on may 5th. in scotland, you have until april 18th to register. the number of people waiting for routine hospital procedures in england has risen to a new record, according to the latest figures. the data from the nhs shows 6.2 million are now on the waiting list to start routine hospital treatment — that's one in every nine people. and over 22,500 patients had "trolley waits" in accident and emergency of 12 hours or more for a bed, after being told they needed to be admitted. our health editor hugh pym reports. the emergency department at university hospital coventry today — they say it's never been busier. some sick patients are enduring long waits on trolleys,
before beds in the wards can be found. a gentleman in his 80s who's been here since 2:59 yesterday afternoon... ed, who's a senior consultant in the department, says the trend is worrying. we never used to have patients wait more than 12 hours in the department, and 98% of patients would be seen and treated within four hours. now, it's not extraordinary. it's a familiar story in most hospitals — more patients coming in, delays discharging those who are fit to leave, as well as covid. at a different hospital, jean, who's 87 and has complex medical conditions, had to wait more than 30 hours in a&e for a bed to be found. her son andy describes the scene when he was allowed to see her. there were patients on ambulance trolleys literally everywhere. stacked in the centre of the a&e department, down the corridors to the a&e department, and the staff were absolutely rushed off their feet. nottingham university hospitals trust apologised for the delay to jean's care.
they said demand at the time was unprecedented. you see your life going past. when was the last time i was able to go for a good walk on the moors? terri, from derbyshire, doesn't need emergency care, but she's been waiting more than a year for two partial knee replacements, and it's made herjob in the nhs a lot more difficult. working as a midwife, i had to go off sick, because i couldn't manage the ward work. i was in tears trying to get back to the car, only being able to shuffle along. back in coventry, they've managed to cut some of the long waits for planned operations. i'm proud to say we don't have any patients who are now waiting more than two years, and our ambition now is to work on those patients waiting more than a year, and we want to get that down to zero as quickly as possible, and hopefully by the end of this year. it is a significant challenge. in coventry, there are covid patients in wards like this — nearly as many as during the peak of the omicron surge
over the winter. most are here because they have other conditions, but that still creates challenges for staff in the hospital. covid infections in the community are falling, according to the latest survey, but nhs staff know the virus, along with many other pressures, won't go away. hugh pym, bbc news, coventry. the parents of a black man shot when stopped by the police in the us state of michigan say they fled congo's civil unrest, only to discover �*genocide' in america. patrick lyoya, who was 26, was killed in the city of grand rapids. video released by the police show an officer — who has not been named — lying on top of him, following a fight. mr lyoya then appears to be shot in the back of the head, as john sudworth reports. hey, stay in the car! stay in the car! it began as a minor police matter —
with 26—year—old patrick lyoya pulled over in his car and questioned by a white officer in a michigan suburb... do you have a driver's licence? do you speak english? yes _ ..but what happened next has once again put the question of racial justice and policing back in the national spotlight. muffled speech there's a struggle over the taser, before mr lyoya is forced face—down to the ground. let go of the taser! and then, as the struggle continues, the police officer draws his gun... gunshot ..and fires one fatal shot to the back of the head. ata at a press conference, his mother and father, who had fled the war in congo eight years ago, spoke of their anger that their son had been killed by a bullet on the streets of america. when do we want it? now! _
protests have already been held over the ten days since the shooting, but now the release of the video has the potential to spark a wider outcry. the officer, whose name has not yet been released, faces an investigation. well america yet again grapples with the piston —— my question posed by the shooting of an unarmed black man. john sudworth, bbc news, washington. elon musk is offering to buy the social media platform twitter. the tesla boss says he will pay around £30 billion for the company. earlier this week, twitter offered him a seat on its board, after he bought a 9% stake in the company. twitter is holding a meeting with all its staff this evening to discuss the proposal. it's every author's dream — winning a major award and recognition with your very first novel. it's a feat that douglas stuart achieved with shuggie bain, when it won the booker prize in 2020. now he's back with his second book, young mungo, published today. he's been talking to our arts correspondent, rebecca jones. it's a city that inspires every word he writes —
glasgow, where douglas stuart was born and raised. this was the glasgow he knew in the 1970s, then a city with rundown housing estates and high unemployment. i grew up just on the far side of those tenements there, just over in dennistoun. it's the world that shaped douglas stuart. his mother, a single parent, was an alcoholic. the family was poor and relied on benefits. it was hard to be poor, but it was harder for my mother, i think, because she was always doing a mother's math. deciding if this week, we would pay for our electricity or our gas, if we could get new clothes, what we were going to eat. it was just incredibly difficult. douglas stuart also knew he was gay. i was being bullied for being queer at school, and it started asjust name—calling, but it could be quite violent sometimes. his troubled childhood inspired his new novel, young mungo — a gay love story about two teenagers who dream of a different way of life, just like douglas stuart. he finished school, studied textiles, became a fashion designer in new york,
and eventually started writing... shuggie bain, by douglas stuart. ..winning the booker prize in 2020 with his first novel. yet for all his success, doubts remain. i think i've always felt a little bit of an imposter my whole life. we can't ever underestimate what childhood trauma does to people and how it can undermine our confidence. and he worries writers from similar backgrounds still face too many obstacles. you can't possibly understand this country unless you're fairly represented with working—class voices, because we're such a massive part of the population. and i think for any working—class creator — whether that's fashion or it's literature — there's going to be so many more barriers for you and things that you are going to have to overcome. one barrierfor him was growing up in a house with no books. i haven't seen this before, it's amazing! an even greater thrill, then, to hold his own new novel in his hands for the first time. rebecca jones, bbc news, glasgow. that's it. now on bbc one, time for the news where you are.