this is bbc news. welcome if you re watching here in the uk or around the globe. i m joanna gosling. our top stories... ukraine says at least seven people have been killed in missile strikes in the western city of lviv, which had largely escaped attack until now. i actually saw a couple of the missiles myself streaking across the sky and then hitting buildings on the city's roofline, and then we saw the black plumes of smoke rising up. the renewed attacks come as ukraine says the strategically important port city of mariupol no longer exists as it vows its soldiers will fight to the end. the chinese city of shanghai reports its first official covid deaths for two years, as a strict lockdown continues.
scotland becomes the last place in the uk to remove the legal requirement for people to wear face—masks in indoor public spaces. jordan's new war against syria's narco—traffickers — how the army has seized huge hauls of class a drugs smuggled across its border. it is a great view from here, you can see everything beyond the fence, that is syria. and this is a new front line in the war on drugs. russia has stepped up its air assault on targets in ukraine, including a missile attack on the western city of lviv, normally regarded as a relatively safe haven. the latest reports say seven people have been killed, including a child, in a city which, until now, has largely escaped unscathed since the russian invasion.
smoke was seen rising from the outskirts and residents spoke of hearing five explosions. footage later emerged of the impact on residential areas. multiple cities and towns across ukraine targeted by russian airstrikes and shelling. russia says it hit more than 300 targets. five people have reportedly been killed and 13 injured in shelling of the city of kharkiv. while in mykolaiv, near the port of odesa, the governor reports continuous rocket attacks. of the shattered city of mariupol, ukraine's foreign minister has said, "the situation is dire militarily and heartbreaking. it doesn't exist anymore. the remainder of the ukrainian army and large group of civilians continue their struggle, but it seems the russian army decided to raze the city to the ground at any cost." and this morning, the government of ukraine's eastern luhansk region has said that four civilians in a car trying to escape the town of kreminna have been shot dead by russian forces.
with me now is our correspondent anna foster, who's in kyiv. what is the latest on this intensification? i what is the latest on this intensification?— what is the latest on this intensification? ~' , ., intensification? i think there is a real sense _ intensification? i think there is a real sense that _ intensification? i think there is a real sense that russia _ intensification? i think there is a real sense that russia wants - intensification? i think there is a real sense that russia wants to l intensification? i think there is a l real sense that russia wants to do something in response to the loss of its flagship course a few days ago which it said had caught fire and later sank in rough waters but the pentagon later agreed with ukraine that it was actually two ukrainian neptune missile that led to the damage and eventual sinking of the moskva and i think after russia lost so much faith from that incident it wanted to be seen to strike back in some way so you are seeing here in kyiv in the last few days, strikes on military facilities around the perimeter of the city, something which had largely stopped him since russian troops and forces moved away from the capital and concentrated their fire further east. but you hear about car cube and mikel i have that you mentioned, cities where it feels like the campaign has
intensified in the last few days —— like car cube and mick alive put it feels like russia wants to send some sort of message that even though it lost its flagship it is prepared to engage in combat. h0??? lost its flagship it is prepared to engage in combat.— lost its flagship it is prepared to engage in combat. how are people reactinu to engage in combat. how are people reacting to that? _ engage in combat. how are people reacting to that? they _ engage in combat. how are people reacting to that? they have - engage in combat. how are people reacting to that? they have been l reacting to that? they have been living with this for some time but when there was that period in what seemed like respite, it must be particularly hard for it to start again? i particularly hard for it to start auain? ~ particularly hard for it to start auain? , ., , again? i think critically for people who moved _ again? i think critically for people who moved away _ again? i think critically for people who moved away from _ again? i think critically for people who moved away from those - again? i think critically for people | who moved away from those worst again? i think critically for people - who moved away from those worst hit areas, trying to go west and feel some sense of safety and security, this is the kind of thing that makes people nervous and here in kyiv, people nervous and here in kyiv, people have slowly been returning to the city in the last few days, the last week or two. i have been places in places like bucha with the very first residents are coming back and of course they have a scene of absolute devastation there to try to deal with but here in kyiv, where it was largely unscathed by the russian attacks, they never quite made it to
the centre of the city, people are coming back. vitali klitschko, the mayor, ask them not to commit repeatedly urging on his telegram channel that residents should not come back yet and he says people are here they should observe the air assignments which happen regularly through the day. he is urging people to go to shelters and says to people that it to go to shelters and says to people thatitis to go to shelters and says to people that it is your choice of course but his recommendation is that residents of this city stay away for now. he says the russian threat is still strong and they should stay in safer places. strong and they should stay in safer laces. . ~' ,, , . in the western city of lviv, which has been relatively unscathed throughout the conflict, missile strikes have killed at least seven people. local officials say three military facilities and a garage were attacked. let's go live to lviv and our correspondent danjohnson. what is the latest? this is the scene of one _ what is the latest? this is the scene of one of— what is the latest? this is the scene of one of those - what is the latest? this is the scene of one of those attacks| what is the latest? this is the i scene of one of those attacks the car service centre, a place that
fits tyres to cars. it was hit early this morning about half past eight local time. we have heard from local residents that they heard two explosions, they think two missiles hit the garage but the word from local authorities is that this is no sort of military target and we know that four people lost their lives. i don't know if you can make out the crater where the missile actually hit and you can see the level of damage it caused. there are teams trying to clear up the aftermath of the attack. when we arrived, the fire service was still here, putting out quite an intense blade in that building and we know at least four people died. —— intense blaze. i spoke to the mother of one of them, aged 26—year—old who she said it was about to have his birthday, about to get married this summer and lost his life this morning just having a cup of coffee in the office before he started work mending cars and replacing tyres. what has happened
here in lviv, this and the three other missile strikes on the city, is a stark reminder of the threat people face even so far west, relatively close to the polish border. this is the moment the conflict came closer to lviv. missile strikes out of the clear skies of a bright morning, hitting targets right in the city. i saw and heard some of the missiles myself, and i counted five explosions, five plumes of smoke. this is where one of the missiles hit. local officials say it's a car garage, a tyre fitting workshop where four people died. valia is 70. she lives just across the road. translation: our windows were shattered. _ everyone is frightened. we didn't know what to do. we started praying. we didn't know whether to stay or whether to flee. we went out, all of us. we didn't know what to expect.
translation: it was a big boom in the house was shaken. - i thought we were falling. there was a first strike and then a big boom in the one was weaker. almost immediately, one after another. i didn't see fire thereby, it wasjust later that i learned this site was hit. translation: i was sleeping and as soon as i heard - the explosion, i went down to the shelter. _ then i had more explosions, four or five in a row. - when everything was over, i could see the smoke. - the emergency response is still under way here. firefighters trying to put out a blaze. they say this was a garage fitting tyres to people's cars. what happened in lviv this morning has really underlined the nature of the threat to the city, even hundreds of miles away from the fighting in the east. we are told that the missiles were fired from aircraft a long way away, and that four targets were hit. local officials say there were three strikes on military warehouses in addition to the garage. in total, seven people have died
in lviv this morning and at least ii have been injured. translation: what we see today in ukraine is genocide, _ which is purposefully committed by the aggressor who kills civilians. seven civilians had plans for life. today, their lives have ended. emergency teams are still at work and they are prepared for more grim discoveries. if anyone needed it, this was an early morning reminder that this country, all of it, is still at war and still under threat. i actually witnessed those missile strikes myself from a rooftop in lviv with this money and you heard a sound a bit like a jet coming overhead and i saw a couple of the missiles and counted five explosions although local authorities are saying that four targets were hit, there were definitely five thick black plumes of smoke rising into the clear blue skies across lviv
this morning. it is overcast now and starting to snow but everyone has had a harsh reminder of what the threats are. i have spoken to people over the weekend who had come into the country from poland having been safe in another country for the last few weeks during this invasion, they had come here this weekend, some as tourists effectively to their own country, taking a few days and a break to be reunited and deceased father is that families have missed over the weeks of this war has gone on. people thought this was the safest part of the country, where they could do that. i spoke to others who had moved further east and said they would stay there despite the warnings they should not be going home but now everybody knows that wherever they are in ukraine, the threat of russian air strikes is ever present and could hit anywhere. thank you, dan. footage has emerged which appears to show the russian warship, the moskva, on fire and listing to one side while at sea. the vessel sank in the black sea four days ago.
ukraine says it was hit by a missile strike, while russia says it suffered a fire after munitions exploded on board. the russian navy said the moskva went down in a storm while it was being towed back to harbour, although these pictures seem to show calm seas around the ship. a short time ago i spoke to lord richard dannatt, former head of the british army from 2006 to 2009. he thinks the strategically important city of mariupol will shortly fall into russian hands. it would seem that the remaining ukrainian forces that are in mariupol are pretty much confined to one industrial area which is crisscrossed by quite a lot of underground tunnels and places that soldiers can take refuge. but one understands, and it's not surprising after the weeks of fighting, that their ammunition stocks are very low and the prospect of them being resupplied by any other elements of the ukrainian armed forces are, i'm afraid, worse than nil. so the opportunity was presented in the last 2a hours for those
troops to surrender but they have chosen not to do that. but i think realistically, their prospects are really, really poor. and mariupol, quite shortly, will be completely in russian hands. so therefore the russians will have achieved what they have been trying to do for some time, establish an unbroken land corridor from crimea through mariupol into the donbas region to russia proper. so that is one objective which i think in the next little while they will achieve. and if and when they do achieve that, what will it mean in terms of the situation for russia and ukraine? how will it change the situation? well, it will change the situation insofar as the russian forces that are currently engaged in the mariupol area will be able to be redeployed. and we know from intelligence that the intention of the russian forces is to mount a new significant
strike east to capture the provinces of donetsk and luhansk, and then probably move a little bit further west. and earlier in this bulletin, you were reporting missile strikes across western and central ukraine. i would suggest these are part and parcel of the same operation. general alexander dvornikov has now got overall command of russian forces in ukraine and his intention, clearly, is to mount a deep operation against targets in central and western ukraine, particularly ammunition factories, missile factories, and depots and warehouses and the like, in order to reduce the ukrainians' capability, and then at some point in the not—too—distant future, he will launch his forces in the donbas area to, ideally from his point of view, take control of luhansk and donetsk provinces. so you think it is all part
of the tactics and strategy focused on donbas in terms of trying to constrain what the ukrainian military have access to? because it has felt quite confusing in that it looked like obviously the russians were pulling out of some areas and refocusing their efforts and suddenly there are air strikes back in those areas. well, if you think about the first months of this campaign, it was very chaotic, very uncoordinated as far as the russians were concerned, and they have pulled back towards belarus and whatever and they have now concentrated in the east, under an overall commander, general dvornikov, and he has undoubtedly put together a much more comprehensive plan. as i say, the strikes, to me, look like a deep operation, intended to tie down ukrainian forces further back, to make communication, logistic resupply difficult, to take out some of their factories and depots prior to launching his ground assault.
former head of the british army, lord dannatt. the authorities in the chinese city of shanghai have reported the first covid deaths since 2020. official figures show three people died on sunday. according to beijing, they all had underlying health conditions. lockdowns remain in place across parts of the city, four weeks after they were first introduced. and some residents are understood to have been taken to quarantine facilities, with reports of food shortages in some parts of the city. 0ur china correspondent stephen mcdonell has been analyzing the authority's approach. after more than 400,000 infections in shanghai in this outbreak, these are the first three people to have been officially listed to have died from covid. now, of course the question of death and what causes it is a very complicated one. 0fficials, health officials in shanghai have said that these three people, a 91—year—old man, a 91—year—old
woman and an 89—year—old woman, all had underlying health problems, plus all three of them had not been vaccinated. and when it comes to vaccinations, new figures released would appear to show that china really has dropped the ball when it comes to booster shots. so when we consider the number of, say, people over the age of 60 in shanghai who have had two shots, well, that is over 60%. it could be higher, but not too bad. those over 60 who have had the booster shot, it is only 38%, it is too low if you want to be really easing off restrictions in those cities. some have asked why the government does not switch focus from this mass testing and centralised mass isolation towards a big push on getting those boosters done but the government is not showing that it is going to change tack. in fact, we had an article
on the front page of the communist party's school newspaper today with an official saying that this idea of living with covid should be rejected, calling for more of these mass isolation centres to be built so it looks like that is the way, at least for the moment, that the chinese government is going to keep going. i think we can expect to see more mass lockdowns and it really is a big challenge for the chinese economy to stay afloat. people in scotland no longer need to wearfacemasks in indoor public places from today. it's the final part of the uk to remove the legal requirement, which has been replaced by public health advice. the scottish government has advised people to continue wearing face coverings while covid case numbers remain high. 0ur news correspondentjamie mcivor gave me this update from glasgow. it's a question of whether the move from a law to simple public health advice is going to lead to any instant change in public behaviour. here in scotland, it has been the law that you needed to wear
a mask in a place like a bar, cafe restaurant, shop or on the train since the summer of 2020 but anecdotal evidence suggests that in recent weeks, fewer people were actually bothering to wear a mask. looking around glasgow city centre this morning, it is safe to say that on the glasgow underground, most people still seem to be wearing a mask but in the main railway station and in some shops which were open early this morning, certainly mask wearing seemed much less common than it had been in recent weeks. so will we see any big change in the coming days? well, the scottish government is still urging caution but certainly there is that thing that behavioural psychologists find so interesting, wondering if some people may be waiting to see what other people do. so maybe come back in a couple of weeks and then see if there is any big change in behaviour. certainly in england, i think the big change did not happen on freedom day lastjuly, it was about what happened gradually in the days and weeks that followed.
let s get some of the day s other news. rainfall has eased in south africa's kwazulu—natal province as rescuers search for more than 60 people still missing as a result of devastating floods. volunteers have been helping the thousands who've been left homeless to find food and temporary shelter. over 440 people have died, including two emergency workers. sweden has arrested 26 people following clashes between police and protesters rallying against plans by a far—right group to burn copies of the koran. the anti—islam rallies have been organised by danish—swedish politician rasmus paludan, who on saturday burned a copy of the islamic holy book in malmo. sri lanka is due to begin talks with the international monetary fund about a multi—billion—dollar loan to help pay for imports of food, fuel and medicines. shortages of basic supplies have prompted a wave of protests across the country as it grapples with its most severe economic crisis since independence in 1948.
a decade of war has ruined syria's economy and it's now emerging as a narco—state, with illegal drugs as one of its biggest exports. the stimulant captagon — a class a drug in the uk — is widely used across the arab world. in recent weeks, thejordanian army has seized large hauls of drugs and killed more than 30 smugglers in operations along its border. 0ur middle east correspondent yolande knell has been to this frontline of the regional war on drugs. three shadowy figures cross the border fence. jordanian soldiers open fire. another skirmish in an increasingly deadly fight against drug smugglers. they want to show me what they are up against. it is a great view from here. you can see, everything beyond the fence, that is syria.
and this is a new front line in the war on drugs. ruined by a decade of war, neighbouring syria is turning into a narco—state. after losing a jordanian soldier, the military has adopted a shoot to kill policy. and how much more dangerous is it now along this border? translation: the degree | of danger has grown recently with the increase in drug smuggling. there are highly organised and coordinated operations. they are determined to get the drugs intojordan by force, using weapons. since the start of this year, the army has killed more than 30 smugglers, and seized over 17 million pills of captagon. that is more than in the whole of last year. this illegal amphetamine is now one of syria's main exports. this hospital is treating more and more people from across the region
for captagon addiction. none of the patients here wants to talk, but the clinical director tells me he sees serious cases. the consequences of taking this drug is, like, violence and psychosis. it is very addictive as well and people start with one tablet and then increase by two or three, and then shift into a more serious drug like crystal meth. jordan is up against powerful drugs cartels. the long conflict next door now brings a new misery. yolande knell, bbc news, amman. joining us is ian larson, chief syria analyst for the centre for operational analysis and research, which is a political risk and development consultancy. he's currently in thailand. thank you forjoining us. you authored a report in 2021 on the
scale of captagon production tell us more about that and why it is being so widely used. what does it do and why do people take it? the so widely used. what does it do and why do people take it?— so widely used. what does it do and why do people take it? the drug was ioneered why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in — why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in syria _ why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in syria as _ why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in syria as a _ why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in syria as a fuel- why do people take it? the drug was pioneered in syria as a fuel for- pioneered in syria as a fuel for conflict. it was used by war fighters to give them kind of capacity to engage in combat in long stretches come with minimal supplies. it is very similar in that respect to other stimulant used by militaries around the world. ﬁnd militaries around the world. and presumably _ militaries around the world. and presumably the _ militaries around the world. and presumably the use has gone far beyond that?— presumably the use has gone far beyond that? presumably the use has gone far be ond that? beyond that? indeed. over time, the dru: has beyond that? indeed. over time, the drug has transformed _ beyond that? indeed. over time, the drug has transformed from _ beyond that? indeed. over time, the | drug has transformed from something used by fighters to something that has essentially fuelled and funded indeed the coffers of the syrian regime and its allies moving from that space of consumption into one which the drug has become a primary source of revenue for the illicit
actors. �* ., , , , actors. and how widely is it being roduced actors. and how widely is it being produced in _ actors. and how widely is it being produced in syria? _ actors. and how widely is it being produced in syria? on _ actors. and how widely is it being produced in syria? on a - actors. and how widely is it being produced in syria? on a fairly - actors. and how widely is it being i produced in syria? on a fairly large scale, both — produced in syria? on a fairly large scale, both within _ produced in syria? on a fairly large scale, both within small, _ produced in syria? on a fairly large scale, both within small, wildcat . scale, both within small, wildcat narco operations, as well as on a large scale and an industrial platform in a number of factories across the country, particularly on the coast from an area controlled very tightly by the syrian regime. so this is being done with the blessing of the syrian regime? yes. blessing of the syrian regime? yes, that is the blessing of the syrian regime? use; that is the understanding that emerges from all of the indicators point out that being said, it is difficult to pinpoint precisely and give hard evidence of the explicit regime linkage but that being said, all the indicators point to the regime authorising it directly. what regime authorising it directly. what is the market _ regime authorising it directly. what is the market for _ regime authorising it directly. what is the market for the _ regime authorising it directly. what is the market for the drug outside of syria? in is the market for the drug outside of s ria? , .., , is the market for the drug outside of s ria? , .. , , is the market for the drug outside ofs ria? , , of syria? in this case, it is taken recreationally, _ of syria? in this case, it is taken recreationally, predominantly i of syria? in this case, it is taken recreationally, predominantly in | of syria? in this case, it is taken - recreationally, predominantly in the arab gulf states. that being said,
over the course of the latter half of 2020 and early 2021, it has emerged in numerous cases in west africa. �* ., , ., africa. and what is the impact on eo - le africa. and what is the impact on people who _ africa. and what is the impact on people who are _ africa. and what is the impact on people who are taking _ africa. and what is the impact on people who are taking the - africa. and what is the impact on people who are taking the drug? | africa. and what is the impact on - people who are taking the drug? how dangerous is it? i people who are taking the drug? how dangerous is it?— dangerous is it? i think the safety risks of the _ dangerous is it? i think the safety risks of the drug _ dangerous is it? i think the safety risks of the drug are _ dangerous is it? i think the safety risks of the drug are potentially . risks of the drug are potentially overstated. 0ne risks of the drug are potentially overstated. one needs to bear in mind that again, at least in its pure form, this is an amphetamine which should not be overstated of course, but the main problem in syria now is that the chemical composition of the pills has changed over time. composition of the pills has changed overtime. recipes composition of the pills has changed over time. recipes have adapted and there is a very high risk of adulteration. so the risks are increasing with time in the development of the drug economy. thank you so much forjoining us, ian larson. you can reach me on twitter. i'm @bbcjoannag. thank you for your company.
hello, there. 0n good friday and into the easter weekend, we saw temperatures reach the low 20s celsius in the warmest places, but we've lost those values now. today is a cooler day, not particularly cold, but certainly cooler than what we've had over the last few days. we've got a bit more cloud around with a few showers, too. it's all because we've got this area of low pressure influencing our weather throughout the day and again into tomorrow. it's bringing stronger winds, especially to the northwest of the country. it's introduced this cooler air, as you can see from the blue hue here on the air mass chart. so, a chillierfeel to things across northern and western areas through the afternoon, particularly where we have the stronger winds — low teens here. but we could still make 16 or 17 degrees in the southeast given some sunshine. but there will be one or two showers dotted around and those may last into the evening period
across england and wales. variable cloud, clear spells here. clear skies for scotland and northern ireland, but some cloud across the far northwest, so it won't be quite as cold here as what it will be where we have the clearer skies. so, a touch of frost in one or two spots across the north and the west. a chilly start to tuesday once again. maybe a touch of frost across parts of scotland and northern ireland. this weather front across the northwest of scotland, bringing outbreaks of showery rain. the winds will ease down through the day. england and wales will start with sunny spells, a bit of cloud and then into the afternoon could see a few showers developing, and there could be the odd heavy one in places. they'll be slow moving because the winds will be much lighter. a cooler day across the board, 13 to 15 degrees will be the afternoon highs. into wednesday, we're in between weather systems, a ridge of high pressure exerting its force across the country. so, a largely quiet day, i think, mainly dry for most of us. variable clouds, some good spells of sunshine around. there will be a noticeable easterly breeze developing across eastern england, so that may make it feel a bit cooler here. but further west, we could see highs reaching 17 or 18 degrees,
given some sunny spells. and a drier day for the north west of scotland. towards the end of the week this area of low pressure out west dives southwards to the south west of the uk. it doesn't look like it's going to affect us through thursday and friday. this area of high pressure to the north of the uk will be dominating the weather scene, bringing us fairly brisk easterly winds. so, i think through thursday, increasingly into friday, it'll start to turn chilly along some north sea coasts. probably the better, drier, brighter, warmer weather will tend to be further south and west.
this is bbc world news, the headlines: ukraine says missile strikes have killed at least seven people in the western city of lviv, which had largely escaped attack until now. three military warehouses and a car garage were hit. reports from the besieged city of mariupol say russian forces are stopping people there from entering or leaving. an advisor to the mayor says residents will need a pass to allow them to move between districts. the chinese city of shanghai — which has been under lockdown for three weeks — has reported its first official covid deaths for two years. the authorities say three elderly, unvaccinated people died. south africa says it is deploying 10,000