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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 18, 2022 8:00pm-8:31pm BST

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hello, i'm lewis vaughanjones, this is outside source. russia steps up its bombardment of cities across ukraine — including lviv in the west, which has been largely unscathed until now. i actually saw a couple of the missiles myself streaking across the sky and then hitting buildings on the city's roofline, and then we saw the black plumes of smoke rising up. we report from a town in the eastern donbas region — where ukrainian forces are preparing for an expected russian offensive. translation: we know that russian forces are bringing i reinforcements into this region,
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but we're doing everything possible. we are ready to repel the russian occupiers and prevent the capture of our cities. and prince harry speaks to the bbc about the invictus games, and what ukraine's presence there means. welcome to the programme. we're going to start by looking at russia's assault on ukraine from the air. they've hit cities right across the country. including lviv in the west — which had been one of the safer parts of ukraine. at least seven people were killed in the strike there — and reports a child was among them. this is lviv�*s mayor. translation: what we see today in ukraine is genocide, _ which is purposefully committed by the aggressor who kills civilians. seven civilians had plans for life. today, their lives have ended. this is the aftermath of that missile strike. it reportedly hit military
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facilities and a car tyre service point in lviv. let's hear from our correspondent there, danjohnson — who witnessed it. this is where one of the missiles hit this morning. the authorities tell us that it is a tyre fitting garage, a place that looks after people's cars. they say this is not a military target whatsoever, but they have said three other military facilities were hit in this morning's air raid. it was about ten to 8am when we heard the air raid sirens sound once again. there have been more air raids in the last few days, more alerts, but then it was about 30 or a0 minutes after the sirens that i heard the sound of something like jets overhead. it's not clear if the strikes were launched from fighterjets or if there were missiles launched from outside ukraine, but i actually saw a couple of the missiles myself streaking across the sky and then hitting buildings on the city's roofline, and then we saw the black plumes of smoke rising up.
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i actually counted five explosions myself, even though the city's officials are saying that there were four missile strikes. and we've seen strikes elsewhere too. this is kharkiv in the north. it's also been experiencing shelling. officials there say five people have been killed and 13 injured. this is a residential area in mykolaiv, in the south. it's near the port of odesa. the governor there reports continuous rocket attacks — this is the aftermath of one of them. for its part, russia says �*high—precision missiles destroyed 16 ukrainian military facilities overnight, including command posts, ammunition depots, tanks and other combat vehicles.�* the bbc can't independently verify this. our correspondent catherine byaru hanga has been speaking to residents in mykolaiv. translation: it was so scary being there. | so scary. tatiana is here alone — her husband and daughter died before the war.
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she says, despite the constant shelling, she can't leave. translation: the bomb shelter is far away, - and i have no ability to go there. my health doesn't let me go anywhere. and where would i go? we will be sitting and waiting for peace. peace is the most important thing nowadays. those who can have fled this neighbourhood in mykolaiv in southern ukraine. but for those who've had to stay, their lives have moved underground. this bunker is the last place of refuge for so many of those left behind — and that's usually the elderly. it's damp and dark. they have to use these buckets as toilets. and over here is where they sleep. at the start of the war, there were over 20 families here, but now it's just four women.
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anastasia, ludmilla, nina and galina keep each other company through the difficulty and loneliness of this war. they go out to try and find food and water, but the air—raid sirens go off so often, they spend most of their day in darkness. translation: my heart hurts. i have hypertension and diabetes. i can't stay here for a long time, as my legs hurt. i need to walk a lot, but i can't. i need to have a good diet, but it's impossible now. next — let's turn to the besieged city of mariupol — which hasn't fallen yet. it's a port city in the south. if captured, it would create a land corridor between russia and crimea. remember russia illegally annexed crimea in 2014. and this is what it looks like — after being surrounded and shelled by russian troops for weeks. it's been described as the worst humanitarian catastrophe of the conflict. here's the ukrainian foreign minister. the situation in mariupol is both dire militarily and heartbreaking. the city doesn't exist any more. the remainings of the ukrainian army and large group of civilians
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are basically encircled by the russian forces. they continue their struggle. but it seems from the way the russian army behaves in mariupol, they decided to raze the city to the ground at any cost. in the last hour, we've heard from the mayor of mariupol — he says about 40,000 civilians have been forcibly moved to russia or russian—controlled regions fo ukraine. earlier, i spoke to anna foster — in kyiv — and she gave me this update. in kyiv — and she gave me the in kyiv — and she gave me forced deportations are something the forced deportations are something we have heard about several times before and it is something that is very, very difficult to verify. we talk a lot, don't we? about what each side said and how difficult it is to independently know what is going on. the difficulty in that case is if and when people are forcibly deported to russian —controlled areas, often they have no way of
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making contact with people to tell them what has happened, essentially. so we have heard and talked about that as something which is possibly going on more than once and in terms of mariupol itself, the words humanitarian catastrophe were being used several weeks ago and, as time goes on, you can only really imagine what life must be like, first of all for those tens of thousands of civilians who have been trapped there now in bitterly cold temperatures with no power, very little food, water, electricity, all of the basics of life which are in short supply. they are sheltering in a city which has been raised to the ground around them and there is very little opportunity to establish these humanitarian corridors to get them out because the fighting is so fierce. as was said to there, both sides are desperate to hold on foot of russia appear to have the upper hand because they have more men there, more equipment there, it is easierfor them to there, more equipment there, it is easier for them to resupply but at the moment, it seems that the battle is still raging and there is still
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opportunity for both sides. we talked at the top of this programme about these air strikes right across ukraine including why you are. how do you think they have changed the calculation?— calculation? well, here in kyiv over the ast calculation? well, here in kyiv over the past few _ calculation? well, here in kyiv over the past few nights _ calculation? well, here in kyiv over the past few nights there _ calculation? well, here in kyiv over the past few nights there have - calculation? well, here in kyiv over| the past few nights there have been air strikes. went on a regular feature of life here. they punctuate the air several times a day but these traits we have seen on factories where tanks are made, for an mutation, weapons are made, seems to be something russia is doing really in response to the loss of its flagship, to ukrainian missiles a few days ago. russia, at that point, had decided that despite having pulled away from keith and the areas around they tried to conquer the city and they didn't manage to do it. but now we see the strikes around what is a symbolic capital and russia, as they suffer
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these losses to the battle, these moments where they try to save face at home and try to salvage the war. that is why they pulled back to key areas in the east but after, then, the loss of the russian flagship, they are doing things like targeting they are doing things like targeting the viv, like targeting he have to try and display that kind of military might that has been lacking in the last week or so. so we're seeing airstrikes in ukraine's west, north and south. but russia says it's focusing its offensive in ukraine's east — namely here — the donbas region. ukrainian forces have been fighting russian—backed separatists here for the past eight years. but they're now facing an attack from multiple directions. our defence correspondentjonathan beale reports from the frontline. this is now the sight and sound of the donbas. severodonetsk, another city and another target for russia's unrelenting bombardment. we tried to enter to speak to families taking shelter but the thump of artillery
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was steadily coming closer. explosions. let's go. we just came here to go to a shelter but there's shelling a bit close to us, and so we've had to move out. a lot of crump of artillery going on at the moment. we travelled north to svyatogorsk, once a popular tourist destination. now, it'sjust another town in the donbas from which people flee. translation: what can i say? i'm overwhelmed with grief. i'm 70 years old and i've nowhere to live. the few who've stayed behind have to queue for food. they're notjust hungry, though, they're scared. there is now a strong military presence in this town. just a few miles down the road, russian forces are advancing from the north.
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a ukrainian soldier shared this drone footage of how they were trying to slow down the russian columns, blowing up a bridge. but they know more will be coming. translation: we know that russian forces are bringing i reinforcements into this region, but we're doing everything possible. we are ready to repel the russian occupiers and prevent the capture of our cities. we headed south, the roads eerily empty. four, five... we soon found out why. plumes of smoke — once again, we were within range of russian artillery. turn, turn. staying put is russian roulette but with artillery. this lady's home was nearly hit overnight. inside, her 11—year—old granddaughter anastasia, too frightened to come out...
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..cowering under a desk that's become her bedroom. anastasia's mum svetlana fears they're now trapped. the constant bombardment�*s also taking its toll on the city of avdiivka. here, they're praying for divine intervention. pastor oleg offers a blessing and food for those who've stayed behind. but in a heated discussion, one man tells him, "it's the russians who'll bring salvation." pastor oleg tells him, "i'm not against russia, i'm against its invasion of ukraine." nowhere is safe within range of russian artillery. for now, ukrainian forces are holding out. so, too, are the few
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who remain, but for how long? jonathan beale, bbc news, eastern ukraine. let's turn to the sinking of that russian warship a few days ago. new images which apparently show the moskva severely damaged and on fire have appeared on social media. bbc monitoring says these images all match the shape and design of the ship. there are conflicting reports about what happened to it. ukraine says it successfully struck the vessel with two missiles. but moscow says there was an onboard explosion — and it sank while being towed back to port. the moskva was russia's flagship black sea missile cruiser. it had a crew of 510 onboard — and russia insists they were all successfully evacuated from the ship. but that official account is being disputed by some relatives. here's our moscow correspondentjenny hill. on social media, and in one newspaper which is no longer being published in russia, but it's a russian, anti—kremlin
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or critical voice of the kremlin newspaper published in europe now, there are some reports circulating from relatives of some of the men on board. they've either said that their sons are missing or they've been told they've been killed, or in the case of one woman, her son has told her, reportedly, that a0 of his crewmates were killed. now, i mean, even when you look at the russian official account of what happened, they still say that there was a fire on board, ammunition caught fire. that caused significant damage to the hull of the ship, which then sink in stormy seas as it was being towed back to port. even if you just take that, it's hard to imagine that there wasn't any kind of loss of life or injury, but that officially is certainly not what the russians are saying. as far as they're concerned, everyone who was on that vessel was ta ken off to safety. surgay guryashkais from bbc russian — he described what the reaction had been in russia to the sinking of the moskva.
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it's been quite a significant event, especially for even patriotic media, which were urging the, to start. attack on ukraine after russia has lost this ship —— to start a full—scale attack. on the official side, there are no reports of any casualties or any missing sailors on this ship after it apparently went down in the black sea. nevertheless, we see reports on social media, as my colleague jenny who is already told. our colleagues in bbc russian had actually spoken to some of the relatives of sailors who were serving on that ship, and they all are claiming that the military headquarters in crimea, people cannot tell them what has happened to their sons, so they are actually just wandering through the hospitals were lots of wounded military men and servicewomen are trying to find their children, but for now, they cannot, so they have not found their relatives at the hospitals. more widely, i guess,
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what is the diet of news information that ordinary russians are receiving about how this military campaign is going? kremlin is telling that everything is still going according to the plan, and however, the common spokesperson has recently told that russia has lost many people in this so—called military operation in ukraine. they are still insisting that everything is going according to their plan, which people, ordinary people in russia, still don't know what is in this plan. nobody has told what it actually means, so we can only guess what the kremlin is trying to do, according to the public statements. putin has not actually commented on the loss of the moskva ship. a kremlin spoke person has said... sailors from the crew of the ship managed to stay alive, or to
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relatives who lost their loved ones in the ship, so... illiterate officials are not confirming any reports of any death or wounded people after the loss of the moskva cruiser. our correspondent anna foster was reporting earlier on, speculation that perhaps these air strikes across ukraine being certainly felt by many in ukraine as some form of retaliation for what happened to that ship. i'm assuming, certainly, no official confirmation of anything like that from moscow? recent attacks on kyiv and lviv certainly do like revenge to the loss of the moskva cruiser. —— look like revenge. it looks like that, but still kremlin is insisting that russian military is destroying
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the military and for treasurer of ukraine, and they are destroying some military bases or some military plants near kyiv mrs they are not talking about the destruction of the moskva cruiser ——, so they are not. police scotland says officers have spoken to the first minister nicola sturgeon to remind her of the importance of wearing a face covering when there is a legal requirement to do so. the snp leader was reported to police after being filmed on saturday, without a mask, indoors. the video emerged hours before a legal requirement to wear masks in public places in scotland was lifted for the first time in nearly two years, bringing scotland in line with the rest of the uk. our scotland editor james cook reports. this is the image nicola sturgeon
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likes to project — caution in the face of covid — just hours before the restrictions she imposed were due to be lifted. instead, it was this maskless moment which went viral. her opponents say she's a hypocrite, the snp claim she only forgot her mask for a few seconds. my understanding is it was a matter of seconds. she realises the place is crowded, puts herface covering on, which is actually what we're asking people to do. but at this cafe in perth, they're anxious to get back to normal. it's been a tough two years here, economically and emotionally. we are ready for it and i think notjust us, every small business in perth, as well. are you personally worried about covid any more? not really. and you think it's time to get back to normal... yes. ..nd to open up and get rid of the masks? yes, take these facemasks off and just show the beautiful smiles. but for charmaine dodds, covid will never truly be over.
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last april, she lost her husband, lee, to the virus. this was us going to our wedding and this is our children, craig and amelia, there's lee there. he wasjust 32. i've got to cuddle my kids to sleep every night crying for their dad, so that's their way of dealing with it, trying to grieve but you're trying to help your children as well. and trying to put on a brave face. i think that's what's hard. yeah... and we're opening up now, do you think that's a good idea? no. i feel it's far too soon. i feel quite nervous knowing the fact that everywhere's opening up and everyone's feeling they can just move forwards as if covid's never existed. charmaine wants to know why it took six days to admit her husband to hospital. the nhs says it can't comment on individual cases. but there will be many more questions to come, as public inquiries ask — how well did we cope with covid?
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so can we assess scotland's performance during the pandemic? well, it's notjust restrictions that matter — age, population, density, vaccination rates, they will make a difference — but we can try. overall, scotland has recorded fewer covid deaths per head than england and wales. but at 230 per 100,000, scotland has the uk's highest level of excess deaths from all causes during the pandemic. england's figure is 214 excess deaths per 100,000 people. what about countries that did things differently? the estimate for sweden, with no lockdown in the first wave, is 133 excess deaths per 100,000. while in new zealand, which shut itself off, estimated deaths were actually below normal, —43 per100,000. but the pandemic is not over yet. james cook, bbc news, perth. an investigative group in canada says computer systems at the heart of the british
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government have been infected with spyware. officials were apparently informed by the organisation that software used by governments to carry out by the organisation that software was discovered on systems in 10 downing street and the foreign correspondent gordon corera has more. pegasysis pegasys is a former software sold by an israeli —based group and its sales to government or law enforcement for purposes but it allows people to gain control of someone's phone, to use it as a surveillance tool, to extract data. now, we do not know from what specific phone was infected nor for data was extracted and the uk government says it won't comment on
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security matters but the report linked to this from the new yorker magazine says that a number of fans were tested including the prime minister's, but it was not possible to establish which device was infected. in terms of where it came from, in terms of the foreign office a number of countries imagined it as possible. there is referred to to foreign office staff severable but in the case of downing street the lab says it believes the united arab emirates was in some way responsible. the uae has not commented but we should say that nso group who behind that pegasus software have categorically denied these allegations. they say they are not even possible for contractual and technical reasons. the invictus games — the international sporting event for injured servicemen and women, and veterans — is taking place in the hague. and speaking to the bbc there, prince harry has praised the courage of the ukrainian national team. anna holligan reports.
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these athletes represent not only their nations, but recovery and resilience. this year's invictus games have added poignancy, as they're taking place on a continent in conflict. speaking to the bbc, prince harry highlighted how much team ukraine has already achieved. i think what people need to remember, or perhaps don't even know yet, is a vast majority of the ukraine team were serving in some shape or form. so they removed their uniforms, put their team strips on, jumped on the coach, came over here, slept for a couple days, tried to decompress and then were straight into it. and then they've got to go back. so i think to have them here is extraordinary. the ukrainians received special permission to travel and will soon be changing from tracksuits to combats, as they return to the front line. translation: we don't have another choice. - it's simply the question of survival of our nation and our people.
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all of us must fight. this is a chance to show the world ukrainians are fighting back and staying alive. the games are on until this friday. anna holligan, bbc news, in the hague. let's return to ukraine — and let me bring you something we're getting in. around 1,000 people are reported to be hiding in underground shelters beneath the azovstal steel plant in the besieged southeastern port city of mariupol — that's according to the city council. it said on telegram that most of the civilians are "women with children and old people," but added, russia is dropping heavy bombs onto the ukrianian—held factory. street battles have been taking place in mariupol over the past week as russian forces seek to take full control of the city.
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one quick line from reuters news agency saying that ukraine's president's chief of staff says the second phase of the war has started, referring to russia's new eastern assault. that is it from me. get me on twitter. this is outside source. pepe. hello there. it was a noticeably fresher day today across the board. there was some good spells of sunshine particularly across the east and southeast of england, a few showers further north and west. tonight, it's going to turn chilly with a cool air mass in place, clear skies, particularly across scotland and northern ireland, could see a touch of frost. there will still be a few showers lingering around as well. it's all down to this area of low pressure, which has been sitting to the northwest of the uk. quite a few isobars on the charts close to the northwest of scotland,
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so, here, it has been windy, but the winds will continue to ease down through the course of the night. you can see that blue hue indicating that cooler air mass, which will be pretty much across the country through this evening and overnight. a bit of cloud toward central, southern and eastern england, one or two showers here. some showery bursts of rain for the northwest of scotland too, thanks to a weather front, but for the rest of scotland and northern ireland, clear skies leading to a cold night here, a touch of frost. a chilly night to come as well for much of england and wales, particularly towards the west and across wales. so we start tomorrow on a chilly note. that's how our tuesday begins. plenty of sunshine in the north away from that weather front in the northwest. there will still be a few showers there. and showers will develop pretty widely across england and wales, i think, through the afternoon. a few of them could turn out to be quite heavy. and the winds will be lighter as well to what we've had throughout monday. so, those showers will be slow—moving, but it will be a cooler day still on tuesday, with temperatures ranging from 12—15 degrees. a ridge of high pressure begins to exert its force across the country for wednesday. so that means wednesday,
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i think, for most of us, is going to be a largely dry day. there will be bits and pieces of cloud around to start with. it will be another chilly start as well, but there should be quite a bit of sunshine around through the day. a bit of an easterly breeze picking up across the east of england there. that will make it feel cooler along north sea coasts. but i think the best temperatures will be across more southern and western areas. could see highs of 17—18 degrees. towards the end of the week, the area of low pressure, which has been sitting out to the west of us, will dive southwards into biscay and iberia. it could affect the very far south of england as we move into the weekend, but i think thursday and friday will be influenced by this big area of high pressure to the north of the uk. and that will bring us pretty strong, brisk easterly winds for both thursday and friday. so that will make it feel quite chilly, particularly along north sea coasts. probably the best of the weather and the high temperatures will be further west.
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