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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 19, 2022 2:00am-2:31am BST

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hello. this is bbc news. i'm rich preston. our top stories this hour: as casualties continue to mount, could ukraine be pressured into making concessions? the mayor of kyiv tells the bbc peace talks can wait. we are ready to talk with russians about some compromises if the last russian soldier left ukraine. this would be the time to talk, but not yet. scorching temperatures in europe, storms and deadly flooding in asia. extreme weather causes chaos around the world. the islamic state group says it carried out a deadly attack on one of the last sikh temples in the afghan capital, kabul. another cryptocurrency crisis. the value of bitcoin falls again to its lowest level in 18 months.
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the mayor of kyiv, vitali klitschko, has told the bbc his country will only enter peace talks after the "last russian soldier has left ukraine". some ukrainian officials have expressed concerns their country may be pushed towards a peace deal with russia, as the war continues to put pressure on food and energy supplies. the british prime minister, borisjohnson, has meanwhile warned of what he called "ukraine fatigue" setting in. mrjohnson has just returned from a visit to kyiv on friday. our correspondent nick beake reports from kyiv. singing the russians killed roman ratushny on the ninth ofjune.
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today, his father buried him, before returning to the front line. a funeral for a 24—year—old who answered the call to defend his country. his grandmother, joined by hundreds who came to bid him farewell. with so many young lives being lost every day, some now ask whether ukraine should make concessions to moscow. kyiv�*s mayor and former heavyweight boxing champion says it must not happen. we will be ready to talk with russians about some compromises if the last russian soldier left ukraine, this would be the time to talk, but not yet. russians have to go, go from our homeland. the coffin was brought to independence square, where they remembered the young democracy activist. a scene of public grief in an embattled and bereaved
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country. they may not all be on this scale but funerals are taking place across ukraine. we know that many russian soldiers are dying too. young lives continue to be lost in this war that vladimir putin started. it is a big tragedy for russians, for the russian federation. people do not understand that right now, but i want to make sure they realise very soon the reality. also, the russians die. for what? the ambition of putin? roman ratushny�*s mother will not be the last mother to grieve, neither here in ukraine nor in russia, in this war of mounting pain. nick beake, bbc news in kyiv.
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extreme weather and temperatures are having significant consequences around the world. in bangladesh, more than 30 people have been killed in landslides and lightning triggered by heavy monsoon storms. while across western europe, heatwaves are hitting earlier than usual, causing severe disruptions to daily life as well as wildfires. with me to discuss is our news reporter azadeh moshiri. let's begin in south asia. dozens were killed in bangladesh. what do we know about that? military personnel have been deployed in relief and rescue operations because other than the loss of life you just mentioned, there have also been millions who have lost access to their homes and are left stranded because of the floods. in particular, there is one example in the town of cherapunji, which is typically one of the wetter towns in north—eastern bangladesh, but it's also one of the towns that has been hardest hit by the
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floods. if you look at the figures of rainfall in that town, this week in only three days cherrapunji has recorded 2460 millimetres of rain. if you compare that with a city like london, in one year we typically get around 630 millimetres of rain. in comparison, cherrapunji is getting four years of rain in only three days. in bangladesh, they're saying that the rain is going to ease up next week, but officials have warned residents that in the immediate future, this weekend, the situation will get worse and more dangerous. it's worth mentioning that neighbouring country india is also hit by floods, and nine have been killed so far. the macro dab that's bangladesh. meanwhile what's happening with the heatwaves in europe? that's another extreme weather event, especially in western europe, we are seeing record temperatures because of the heatwave that's coming, typically a little
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sooner than we would see in a calendar year. interruptions in daily life but also longer term consequences. if you look at a country like spain, that has meant continued wildfires. that's because they've recorded the earliest heatwave that they've seen in over 40 years in a typical calendar year. not only forest fires but if residents and whole villages have been forced to evacuate. in france areas of the country have outright banned public events outdoors, like concerts, in areas like bordeaux because they are reaching temperatures of 40 and they're expecting potentially 42. these are the highest temperatures this early in the year. and in italy, there is a different consequence, farmers it are looking at their harvest and they're worried about the drought because the longest river, river po, is seeing the river, river po, is seeing the river levels three quarters lower than they would usually be at this time of the year. different consequences but serious. ~ ., ., ~ ., ., serious. what do we know about what is behind _ serious. what do we know about what is behind this? _ serious. what do we know about
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what is behind this? in - what is behind this? in bangladesh floods and cyclones aren't unusual. we've seen wildfires in spain and heatwaves in france but what's different is the severity and how soon these are appearing and how frequently they are appearing. that's what scientists are linking to global warming.- scientists are linking to global warming. the islamic state group say they carried out saturday's deadly attack on the last sikh temple in the afghan capital, kabul. at least three people were killed by militants who threw hand grenades at the building and detonated a car bomb. 0ur correspondent secunder kermani sent this report. this is what's left of afghanistan's last sikh gurdwara. it was the centre of life for a tiny and now terrified community. the fighting here lasted for around three hours and, you get a sense ofjust how intense it must have been from the state of this room.
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this was the main prayer hall; it's been left completely devastated. "there were seven or eight people inside here," kuljeet says. "theyjumped off the walls to safety. one man was in the bathroom and was shot dead." the attack began early this morning when gunmen opened fire, killing a security guard. then, after taliban security forces pursued them, a car bomb was detonated, killing the commander of a nearby check post. they were once tens of thousands of sikhs in afghanistan; decades of conflict saw that number fall drastically. in recent years, the community was targeted on two occasions by the islamic state group. it is likely they are responsible for this latest attack too. is is much less powerful than the taliban but has deadly cells. a lot of religious minorities don't feel safe in afghanistan at the moment.
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translation: our comrades have sacrificed their lives _ for the security. it's their right under an islamic state to be protected. only a handful of sikhs remain in this country, and they too are desperate to leave. "those of us who are still here are only here because we haven't got visas. none of us want to stay," satvir tells me. "0ur message to the indian government is give us visas. this has happened today. tomorrow, it will happen again." levels of violence may have fallen significantly since the taliban ended their insurgency but for afghanistan's last remaining sikhs, this attack seems a final push to leave a country they have long called home. secunder kermani, bbc news, kabul. brazilian police have arrested a third suspect
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in the murder of a british journalist and an indigenous expert in the amazon. meanwhile, members of indigenous tribes have joined protesters in sao paulo, demanding justice for the murders. the remains of the guardian journalist dom phillips have been identified from dental records. a second body, believed to be that of the brazilian bruno pereira, is being analysed. police sayjeferson da silva lima had been on the run before he gave himself up. he's denied involvement. this is bbc news. the headlines: as the casulties continue to mount, could ukraine be pressured into making concessions? the mayor of kyiv tells the bbc peace talks can wait. the islamic state group says it carried out a deadly attack on one of the last sikh temples in the afghan capital, kabul. here in the uk, the prime minister has defended a i2—month trial in which some asylum seekers who arrive in the uk in small boats
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or on the back of lorries could be electronically tagged. borisjohnson said it was important to make sure asylum seekers can't just vanish into the rest of the country. critics say the plan treats those fleeing persecution as criminals. 0ur political correspondent damian grammaticas reports. after the plane, chartered at a cost of several hundred thousand pounds to take asylum seekers to rwanda could not leave this week, the legality of the government's policy of deporting those seeking protection here must now be decided by british courts. so, in the meantime, some of those who were due to be on board may be part of this trial and be electronically tagged while their cases are decided. when people come here illegally, and when they break the law, it's important that we make that distinction. that's what we're doing with our rwanda policy, that's what we are doing with making sure that asylum seekers can't just vanish into the rest of the country. it's not illegal to seek asylum, but the government
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is under pressure to stop the channel crossings and tagging rather than detaining some whose immigration cases are being decided has been possible for several years. i think that the government is chasing headlines. what i want is a serious response — a serious response, because nobody wants these journeys across the channel to be made, these perilousjourneys. everybody wants to clamp down on the gangs. that requires grown—up work with the french authorities and upstream work to actually tackle these gangs. you don't do that if you're a government that is asking the national crime agency to make cuts. the home office says it could be used in cases where there may be an increased risk of absconding and less incentive to comply with any conditions of immigration bail. i do think it's a sensible plan to try this so we can keep tabs on people who are eligible for removal in order to deliver the government's required objective. tagging and monitoring is used for people subject to court or prison orders. those who work with refugees say extending it to them is cruel and amounts to treating those who come seeking a welcome as criminals.
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actually, this is a diversion tactic from the government's complete failure to run the asylum system in an orderly fashion. at the moment, we have utter chaos. we have over 100,000 people in the asylum system, waiting for a decision. so, refugee groups say in the face of the huge issues with the asylum system, tagging is a gimmick and no other western nation does it. the numbers involved in the trial is likely to be small. damian grammaticas, bbc news. the united states has become first country in the world to approve use of the so—called mrna vaccines for children as young as six months. federal regulators cleared the use of pfizer and moderna covid—i9 vaccines and will make smaller doses of the vaccine available to around 20 million children. presidentjoe biden welcomed the news calling it a monumental step in the fight against the virus and that parents would be able to start scheduling appointments in the coming week.
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we can now speak to doctor peter hotez, who's the director of the texas children's hospital centre for vaccine development. he joins us from houston. thank you very much for being with us. what is the cdc recommending?- with us. what is the cdc recommending? the cdc has recommended _ recommending? the cdc has recommended the _ recommending? the cdc has recommended the use - recommending? the cdc has recommended the use of - recommending? the cdc has| recommended the use of two different vaccines, either from matt turner or pfizer. the pfizer has been released for three doses, the first three weeks apart and the third eight weeks apart and the third eight weeks after that. for the dharna, it's a two dose vaccine but the dharna reports that there may be a third dose. the big issue will be how widely accepted these are going to be because in the us, for the five to 11 because in the us, for the five to ii —year—olds, only about 30% of parents are vaccinating their kids for the five to ii —year—olds, and that goes down to ten or ii% where we are in
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texas and in the southern part of the united states. we are probably looking at single digit potential uses for the toddlers and for the very young kids, and may be a little better in the north—east. that's where the battleground is going to be, providing the advocacy and convincing parents of the importance of vaccinating young children. how do ou vaccinating young children. how do you mitigate _ vaccinating young children. how do you mitigate the concerns that parents might have about vaccinating their young children, even if they are getting the course of vaccines they would have otherwise. adding another one to that list is bound to cause some concern. i think there is an education process. we have to make parents understand why covid is still a serious illness among young kids. for instance, we have lost 200 to 400 kids under the age of five years from covid. that's a significant amount and actually higher than the diseases that we currently vaccinate them against, and
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20,000 hospitalisations. so it's still a pretty serious illness and covid is still with us. helping them to understand that, because we have a lot of anti— vaccine activism here in the united states, and the buzz that they try to put out is they try to make the claim that covid is a serious disease exclusively for the elderly, and that's simply not the case. and what's the picture in the united states when it comes to vaccines with older children? well, as i say, for the five to 11 well, as i say, for the five to ii —year—olds, we are doing quite badly. 0nly ii —year—olds, we are doing quite badly. only about 30%, and a lot of geographic variation. forthe i2 and a lot of geographic variation. for the 12 to 17 —year—olds, somewhat better, but again, you see this sharp north—south divide with very low uptake in the southern part of the united states. that's because covid vaccinations have become so politicised and vaccinations are occurring along such a strong part doesn't divide, so the geographic distribution very much reflects the political
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realities and that the southern part of the united states are predominantly conservative states or what we call red states, republican majority states. states, republican ma'ority states. ~ ., ., ., states. we will have to leave it there- _ states. we will have to leave it there. thank _ states. we will have to leave it there. thank you - states. we will have to leave it there. thank you very - states. we will have to leave l it there. thank you very much. thanks so much. there have been fresh shockwaves sent through the crypto markets after the leading cryptocurrency, bitcoin, fell below $20,000 to its weakest price in 18 months. it is just the latest drop in a brutal slide that puts it 70% below its all—time high, with a similar picture across other cryptocurrencies too. i asked cryptocurrency analyst layah heilpern how significant this drop is. so listen, i think it's really important to zoom out and always look at the bigger picture. how significant is it? well, we havejust had a two—year bull market, so it's very normal and very natural to start to see things start to cool off. during that bull market, we saw central banks print unprecedented amount of money. people were putting that money, putting the stimulus checks
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in the us and the equivalent in the uk, into bitcoin, helping prop up the market. we're now seeing unprecedented levels of inflation, 40—year highs, so people simply don't have that surplus cash to put into bitcoin and all these other alternative asset classes. central banks are starting to take inflation seriously, and as a result, ergo we're seeing quantitative tightening, so interest rates are going up. and so people again don't have that surplus cash, unfortunately, anymore. they don't want to be defaulting on their mortgages, so they need that liquid cash. in terms of how significant is it, it's not that significant, for me, in my opinion. this is very normal. bitcoin is still a very immature asset. this is still a very new market. we also have to consider the geopolitical situation. we've just had two—year lockdowns, we're seeing supply chain issues, a war going on between russia and ukraine, as you mentioned earlier on your news programme, and so markets don't like wars. bitcoin is still supposed to be considered that risk—on asset,
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so naturally people will start to sell their riskiest assets during these times. you mention central banks, investments, inflation. one of the selling points of cryptocurrencies is that it's decentralised. it's kind of insulated somewhat from the decisions that these organisations and individual countries make. talk us through some of the other factors that have had an impact in the cryptocurrency price drop. well, everything that i've just mentioned is clearly going to instill a lot of fear, uncertainty and doubt, so naturally the price is going to fall more. however, we are starting to see some interesting black swan events. so we're seeing major liquidation. so we're seeing major reputable companies, let's say three arrows capital, for example — they are a crypto hedge fund. so they had $200 million worth of ether coins, which is the second—biggest crypto by market cap, totally wiped off the market. we're seeing other major reputable crypto custodians that people really trust and have their life savings on these exchanges like celsius network start
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to reduce their liquidation price. if they are liquidated and we see this happen, people's life savings are going to be wiped off the market. there was also a major event that happened which totally destabilised the market a couple of weeks ago. this was with terra luna. so without getting too complicated, this was a supposed stable coin, pegged one—to—one with the us a supposed stable coin, pegged one—to—one with the us dollar. it lost its peg. people were getting 20% interest which was supposed to be risk—free. a lot of major, reputable people were promoting this as risk—free. people had their life savings in 20% interest, and this de—pegged and people lost millions and millions of dollars, hence the reason why the market is getting lower and lower. they are an icon of australia and known for their cute faces and fluffy grey fur, but koalas could one day be extinct, with the species now classed as endangered along much of australia's east coast. numbers of the marsupials are dwindling because of things like land—clearing, bushfires, disease and drought. a report last year said koalas could completely disappear from the state of new south wales by 2050 and campaign groups say their numbers are going down across the entire country.
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for more on this and what can be done to save koalas, i spoke to deborah tabart, who is the chair of the australian koala foundation. ten years ago when the koalas were listed as vulnerable, we could have done so much more to stop the endangered listing happening this year. it's just ridiculous that they didn't do what is really simple, and that's just "no tree, no me" — stop cutting down the trees. you mention cutting down trees. we touched on things like bushfires, disease as well. talk us through what's behind this drop in numbers. well, the thing about koala habitats is that we need large contiguous areas, forests that are just completely left alone. so you imagine you're a little koala, you live in noosa. everyone wants to go and live in the sun, wants to have a beautiful house, so the trees get cut down. they�* re often called koala drive, or whatever,
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and then the koalas just slowly diminish. i believe most of australia's koalas are functionally extinct, and so that to me means a koala living in any of those landscapes might have a joey, that baby might have a joey too, but then that'll be it. so the only thing that we have to do now is stop cutting down trees, and the only thing that will do that is stronger and better legislation, and we want a koala protection act, a bit like the bald eagle act for the united states. goodness me, the whole world loves koalas. why wouldn't you just do this? i have actually written to the new environment minister and i've said to her that i don't envy her herjob now, because our country has basically spoken to our politicians and said we care about climate change, we don't want any more fires, we don't want any more floods. we've all been through hell in the last few years, and so has the koala. so it's time for our political masters to really get on with it.
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and what do politicians say to you when you get in touch with them about this koala protection act? well, this environment minister is my 15th, so i've been writing a lot of letters for a long time. and i'm actually saying to her it's time you sat down with an organisation like ours, because i've been in thisjob now for 33 years and i know who's who in the zoo, really, about what to be done. we've just got to protect those trees, and you would think that would be simple. but industry now, i think, is on notice across the world that you cannot keep doing what you've been doing. you've had carte blanche for too long. and i was reflecting yesterday — goodness, we've done a lot of damage since the �*50s, because we have big machinery and we can blow things up and whatever. i've been to places where there are koalas, coalmines and farmers working in harmony, because you can go underground. so now, open—cut coalmines are just disastrous for koalas. so industry leaders,
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if they want australia to continue to have the $3 billion that comes to our shores with stuffed koalas and tourism, then industry is going to have to be balanced out with that incredible money and commitment to australia that these poor little things have given us. you know, they're so cute, and how can anyone say that we shouldn't save them? you mentioned how much they are loved. some of the more harrowing images that came out of the recent wildfires were of the damage done to koalas. what do australians, if you can tell us briefly, feel about protecting the future of the koala? oh, look, i know australians love koalas. 0urfoundation takes no government money, so we survive on people who ring me up and go, i'm going to give you money because you're spreading the truth. no, our political masters or political leaders are too wedded to political donations from industry, and that has to stop.
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dozens of guns have been handed in the us city of miami as part ofa in the us city of miami as part of a buyback scheme that will see the weapons donated to ukraine. gun owners are being offered between $50 and $250 depending on the type of weapon. no questions are being asked of those dropping off firearms. it follows a string of high—profile mass shootings across the us in last few weeks. it isjust across the us in last few weeks. it is just coming across the us in last few weeks. it isjust coming into sunday morning in the uk, which means it is father's day in britain and the duke of cambridge has released a heartwarming father's day photograph of him laughing with his children during a family holiday. it's william was pictured with his arms around prince george, who is eight, and seven—year—old princess charlotte, while four—year—old prince louis sits on his shoulders. the photograph was taken injordan last year and although the photographer hasn't been officially revealed, it is thought to be his wife, catherine, who is well known for taking family snaps. and there is much more on all of those stories on the bbc news website. you can
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download the bbc news app and you can reach me on twitter. that's it from us. see you next time. goodbye. hello again. of course, the heatwave is well and truly over and temperatures have been tumbling, a reminder on friday in suffolk�*s santon downham, the hottest day of the year so far, where we had temperatures reach 33 degrees celsius. compare friday afternoon with saturday afternoon, the same location was 19 degrees celsius cooler. yes, grey skies, even a little bit of rain around. and the rain you can see here on the radar picture is actually a cold front — been bringing a little thunder at times across the south—west of england. and over the next few hours, that band of rain is gradually going to pull away to the south—east. there'll be some showers across northern scotland, with brisk winds pushing them inland. but between and betwixt, a lot of dry weather with some clear spells.
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then, for those of you that found last night a bit too warm and stuffy for sleeping, well, these are the kind of temperatures we'll have heading into the first part of sunday morning. quite fresh — 9—12 degrees for most. now, looking to sunday's forecast, that weather front, the cold front, hasn't entirely gone away. and it looks like there will be some further bursts of rain across the south of england. the greatest risk is across the south—west, but i think there may well also be a risk of some rain at times across central southern england and the south—east as well. away from that feature, a few showers for northern scotland, where it stays quite breezy, the winds gradually easing through the afternoon. but otherwise, for many of you it's a dry day with some warm sunshine. temperatures for many between around 17—22 or so. monday sees a ridge of high pressure extending across the bulk of the uk and what this will do is it will bring us a fine and settled spell of weather, more sunshine to go around. again there could be an odd shower flirting with the south
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and getting pretty close uncertainly to the north—west of scotland. a weather front moving in here will bring thicker cloud in the afternoon, and eventually outbreaks of rain and some slightly cooler air for stornoway at 14 degrees. but for most of you, again it's a dry day with warm spells ofjune sunshine. temperatures climbing more widely, reaching the low 20s. now, beyond that, we've still got high pressure trying to hold on but these weather fronts never too far away from southern areas of the uk, maybe a few showers affecting the north as well. but by and large, there's a decent week of weather around. there will be a fair bit of sunshine, and although the heatwave is over, we are expecting that sunshine to be warm. temperatures in cardiff peaking at around 26 midweek.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: the mayor of kyiv has told the bbc his country will only enter peace talks after the "last russian soldier has left ukraine". some officials have expressed concerns their country may be pushed towards a peace deal with russia as the war continues to exert a terrible toll. at least 40 people are now known to have died in lightning strikes and landslides triggered by severe monsoon storms in bangladesh and india. millions have been left stranded by rising waters over the past few days, with emergency workers struggling to reach all those who've been affected. the islamic state group says it carried out a deadly attack on one of the last sikh temples in the afghan capital, kabul. the group said the attack was to avenge the prophet mohammed, following critical remarks made recently
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by indian politicians. at least three people were killed.


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