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tv   40 Years On Fighting for the...  BBC News  June 24, 2022 2:30am-3:01am BST

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this is bbc news, the headlines: the us supreme court has struck down restrictions on carrying guns in new york, signalling a shift that will reverberate nationwide. the ruling comes amidst a raging debate across the us over gun control, especially after the recent school shooting in uvalde. counting is underway in two key uk by—elections in west yorkshire and devon. it's the first test of voters�* opinions since the partygate scandal and the british prime minister's confidence vote. borisjohnson has said he is "full of optimism and buoyancy" ahead of the results. taliban officials in afghanistan say the main
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search for survivors from wednesday's earthquake in the south east of the country has ended. more than 1,000 people are thought to have been killed in the remote part of the country. doctors say many children may be among the victims. strikes are expected to be announced injuly and august. works on the railways walked out of the second time this week on thursday with just one in five trains running and another strike is planned for saturday. here is our transport correspondent katie austin. demand for travel has taken off since covid rules eased but there's already been disruption amid aviation staff shortages. now hundreds of british airways workers at heathrow airport, most of them check—in staff, have voted to walk out on dates yet to be confirmed.
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the unite and gmb unions said the action was over a 10% pay cut imposed during the pandemic which hadn't yet been reinstated. our members are primarily low—paid, part—time women workers, who have been asking nicely for over a year now to have this money paid back. this is money that was robbed from them during the pandemic. british airways said it was disappointed and that despite heavy financial losses, it had offered a one off 10% payment to other workers, most of whom had accepted. the airline added it was fully committed to working together to find a solution. also today, thousands of railway workers around britain walked out for the second time this week. the main thing we are looking for is no attack on our terms and conditions.
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we need a pay rise because our cost of living is so high now but the main thing is no attack. we don't want compulsory redundancies and that is what the government is pushing for. about 20% of normal train services ran overall, finishing early while some stations had no trains at all. major hubs including glasgow looked quiet as passengers heeded the warning to avoid rail travel. many commuters switched back to working from home. that wasn't an option for pamela, who can't get to her part—timejob teaching english as a foreign language in bath. i'm on a zero—hour contract so i'm only paid for contract hours. if i can't get to work, i won't have the income to face all the extra energy bills, etc. so i do need to get to work. some businesses like this hotel near milton keynes say they have also taken a hit. monday and tuesday were quiet because obviously of the tuesday strike. wednesday has been quiet, thursday has been quiet. we are down to 20% occupancy on thursdays.
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how much do you think this week has affected you? possibly £10,000. the rail industry says ways of working must be modernised, freeing up cash for a higher pay offer, and they hope compulsory redundancies can be avoided, but the rmt union wants them ruled out. meanwhile the government has announced plans are under way to change the law so employers can use agency staff to cover staffing gaps during strikes. the business secretary insisted this would be safe. the employers will always have to maintain the highest safety sta nda rds. there is no question of them lowering safety standards, bringing in agency workers. all we are doing is creating more flexibility. but opposition parties and unions have criticised the plan, arguing it would undermine pay and working conditions. a third day of strike action is planned for saturday and while there have been further talks today between the two sides in this dispute, there is still no sign of a deal. the rmt has warned more strikes are likely if an agreement isn't reached. katy austin, bbc news. now on bbc news, katy watson reports from the falklands, as argentina accuses the uk
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of colonial ambitions in maintaining its ownership of these small islands off the coast of south america. it was a conflict fought a0 years ago but a cause that argentina still believes worth fighting for. a war started by a dictator, an unpopular nationalist, fighting against colonialism. it's extraordinary to talk about colonialism when you have a population that has chosen its own future. elsewhere on the islands, argentine... the british won the war but argentina still dreams of change. 0n the 14th ofjune,
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the argentines surrendered. but it was a conflict that scarred argentina for ever. rejoice at that news and congratulate our forces and the marines. i'm a british reporter living in south america as the bbc�*s correspondent here. growing up in the uk, we learned about the falklands as a war that was won on the other side of the world. but living here, i've come to learn of a very different version of history — one notjust of war but of nationhood, too. for people here, they're not the falkland islands, they're the malvinas. they're not british, either — they'll always be argentinian. the war in 1982 cost many lives — 255 british soldiers, three islanders and 649 argentinians. it was a conflict that lasted
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little more than two months, but one that hangs over argentina a0 years later. norma's brother eduardo was one of those who died. this photo is part of a memorial of the malvinas museum in buenos aires — a space dedicated to the islands, the history and their importance for argentina.
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the falklands, or the malvinas, are situated right at the bottom of south america. they may be small and remote but they're strategic, having passed through spanish, french and british hands over the past 500 years or so. the uk says it was the first to claim the islands in 1765, but argentina says that it legally took possession of the islands in the 1820s, inheriting them from the spanish crown. diplomatic talks between the two countries eventually broke down, so it was this man who made the fateful decision to go to war — military dictator general galtieri. galtieri's popularity was waning, so he went to war to unite the argentinians behind a national cause and shift the focus from an economic crisis in the middle of a dictatorship.
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argentina invaded on april the second, but it didn't expect such a heavy response from the uk. just ten weeks later, argentina surrendered. rejoice at that news and congratulate our forces and the marines. and with that, the friendship between the uk and argentina was altered for ever. there's no doubt that 1982 was a defining moment for argentina and its relationship with the uk. take this tower, for example, originally called the english tower. it was a gift in 1916 by the british community here in buenos aires to mark 100 years of argentina's independence. but after 1982, its name was scrapped. it became the monumental tower and the plaza that it sits in,
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the british square — that name was scrapped, too. but most pointedly, perhaps, was the fact they decided to build the monument to the fallen right in front of it. every day, the soldiers are remembered. every day, argentines come and pay their respects at this memorial in buenos aires. this is a war that feels very current. the pain and the anger haven't gone away. take the world cup of 1986, for example, when maradona scored against england. many saw that as payback for the uk's victory in the war. the hand of god made maradona an argentine god, such was the feeling among people here. most argentinians cite the un as backing their cause — that's because of a recommendation by the un special committee on decolonization. in 1965, the un general assembly adopted resolution 2065, in which it talked about the cherished aim of bringing to an end everywhere colonialism in all its forms, one of which covers the case of the falkland islands, or the malvinas, inviting both governments to proceed
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with negotiations with a view to finding a peaceful solution to the problem, taking into consideration the people who live on the island. but more than half a century later, the issue's yet to be resolved and the war played a big part in that. after1982, islanders were given british citizenship. the islands are now more british than ever. in fact, in 2013, there was a referendum in which 99% of people said they wanted to remain british. it was, for the uk, a victory. but speaking to the bbc, argentina's president accused the uk of outdated colonialism.
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there must be a lot of trauma at the fact that there's a lot of colonial history in this region and the uk has these islands so close to argentina. how difficult is it having the uk sitting on those islands?
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the uk is not the colonial power that it used to be. do you think something like brexit will help argentine influence in the falkland islands, in the malvinas?
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the accusation of colonialism is one that the british government denies. it's extraordinary to talk about colonialism when you have a population that has chosen its own future in line with the concept of self—determination, as set out in the un charter. for us, this is not a question of who owns a piece of land, it's how can this people, this amazing, strong community take their own decisions, determine their own future — whether that's about their political future, their economic future, their culturalfuture? i think there's been a lot of discussion in the past few years about colonialism. argentinians see it as a colonial issue. do you — can you see where the argentinians are coming from? it is very obvious how strongly the argentines feel about this issue and i think perhaps in a way that's difficult for those living in the uk to understand, because the legal position is — it's so clear and, you know, our sovereignty of the island
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is so indisputable. i think sometimes, people don't appreciate how strongly the issue is felt here and particularly after the conflict, i think it is a source of great pain to the argentine people. but again, i think talking about colonialism is really inappropriate here. colonialism occurs when a country takes over the administration of a territory against the will of its people. that's actually what argentina is proposing to do in this case. beyond the arguments about ownership, there is also a parallel trauma felt by most argentinians. that argentina should never have gone to war in the first place. 0n the streets of buenos aires, that is a view repeated time
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and time again. we don't have to celebrate it, because war can never be happening. not a0 years ago, not now. because in russia and ukraine we are having the same situation that we have had here. not for the same reasons, maybe, but as i knew about this war, i believe that argentina was the principal enemy of argentina. that's what i believe. because soldiers went there without any information, without good armour, they were sent there to die. and it is a point of view that norma agrees with, having spent her life picking up the pieces after her brother's death.
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this is the last picture the family has of eduardo. for more than 30 years, norma's family didn't know the whereabouts of his body. they visited the islands to search for him. this photo showing norma and her mother next to a simple
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cross of an unknown soldier. her mother passed away in 2017, three months before his body was found. for norma, it was a form of closure, and his body remains there. armed forces seized power in argentina in 1976. and during what was known as the dirty war, some 30,000 people were disappeared. it was against this backdrop that argentinians remember the conflict in the malvinas, or the falklands. people don't know what to do with a just cause led by a dictatorship — a very unpopular dictatorship. so, people don't know how to talk about the war without defending the dictatorship and don't know what to do with the dictators,
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who were the ones who tried to recover the islands, which is a very — very deep feeling for people, even more now that we have the dead there, and many relatives of the dead. the malvinas is a subject that unites most argentines. in fact, polls show that more than 80% support their country's claim to the islands. but it's a subject that feels much more personal in southern argentina, which is closest to the islands. so, we travelled to tierra del fuego, an archipelago right at the bottom of south america. ushuaia is often referred to as the end of the world, but argentinians also like to say it's also the beginning of everything. it's known as the capital of the malvinas.
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the islands are hundreds of kilometres from here, but this is still the city that feels closest to them, and there are references to the malvinas everywhere. they lost the war, but argentinians are still fighting to win back the islands once more. daniel guzman is a veteran of the war and now works as a journalist and activist in ushuaia. for him, history is important in shaping future generations here. daniel lost 12 friends in the war, their names inscribed on these walls. it was a period that marks him to this day. it's hard to forget when there are so many powerful memories allaround him. but it was a war that he says people, including him, went into wanting to fight.
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every day, he says the islanders would bring the argentine troops milk. it was — for a while, at least — a transparent and affectionate relationship. but there is no doubt the war changed everything.
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a couple of hours north is the city of rio grande, another part of the archipelago that feels that sense of loss. this is a place that still lives and breathes the malvinas. it's the place where the planes took off to head to the islands. there's a big sense of pride and patriotism here. but so, too, is there a sense of longing and frustration that the islands over there are still not recognised as argentina's. horacio�*s house has been turned into a shrine, a memorial of the war a0 years ago. horacio wasn't born in tierra del fuego but after the war, this felt like home. it was as close as he could be to the cause he fought for.
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horacio believes that despite the pain of war, the country has come together.
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not far away, these teenagers are preparing for the anniversary. it's a big year, and they want to mark it. these students were born many years after the war — the story of what happened has been passed down from their grandparents and parents — but that doesn't mean they don't feel strongly about what happened.
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and that's something the children here are taught from a young age. this is a story given to schoolchildren and endorsed by the ministry of education. it tells the story of pepino the penguin, who lived happily on the malvinas with his friends until one day, the monster — ugly monster — a scary monster, comes along in a pirate ship with british flags and chucks pepino off the island. and then, the story goes on trying to explain how pepino rallies his friends, trying to get support to chuck the monster off. but you can see by the end of the book, the monster is still in his cave. ushuaia sits on the beagle channel, named after the ship used by naturalist charles darwin. british influence is all around here — 01’ was. horn blares. where once there was a thriving trade between the islands
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and argentina, these waters are now much quieter. as we head out on patrol with argentina's coast guards, the malvinas, or falklands, feel a world away. there's a real sense of loss, politically, commercially and geographically. the history of the falklands, or malvinas, is rich and varied. it's been shaped by so many — foreign forces, local ties and, of course, war. it questions how you define a nation, through people and land.
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the debate also challenges who has power in this world, and what effect colonialism had, and for many, still has. hello there. showers have been making their way northwards through the night, accompanied by the odd rumble of thunder. not as warm for the day ahead and there will be some sunshine around, certainly, but equally, a rash of showers will develop as the day goes and that's because we got low pressure moving into the west now
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and throwing bands of rain oi’ showers oui’ way. we're are also seeing some misty, low cloud and fog coming into eastern scotland and it will be a much warmer start to friday, quite a close night and end to the night. that mist and fog could hang around. cloudy for the northern isles, showers developing quite quickly, turning heavy and thundery, and then more persistent rain pushes into the south west of england, western wales and, more notably, northern ireland later in the day. it turns quite wet and breezy — increasingly breezy, particularly in the west, so it will feel fresher here. we could still see 25—26 in the east but not as warm for northern england, north wales or scotland as it was during the day on thursday. but still some very high levels of pollen, despite a scattering of showers around across parts of the midlands, east anglia, up into lincolnshire in the south—east.
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welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: the uk conservative government faces a tough test in the wake of the partygate scandal, with counting under way in two key uk by—elections. the us supreme court strikes down restrictions on carrying guns in new york, signalling a shift that will reverberate nationwide. we cannot idly stand by and just watch our streets be flooded with guns due to more people being permitted to legally carry firearms in public. the taliban says the main search for survivors from the afghanistan earthquake is over. more than a thousand people are thought to have been killed.

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