this is bbc news. i'm annita mcveigh and these are the latest headlines... 46 people have been found dead in an abandoned lorry on the outskirts of the texan city of san antonio. we are dealing with a horrific human tragedy. so i would urge you all to think compassionately and pray for the deceased, the ailing, the families. borisjohnson and other g7 leaders say yesterday's russian missile strike on a shopping centre in ukraine was a war crime. at least 18 people died in the attack in the city of kremenchuk. scotland's first minister nicola sturgeon will set out her plans to hold a second referendum on scottish independence. do you think it's the right time
for another referendum on scottish referendum? we want to hear from you. you can find me on twitter. i'm @annitabbc or you can use the hashtag bbc your questions. a man has been arrested on suspicion of murdering 35—year—old zara aleena in east london. police say she was the victim of an "opportunist stranger attack". the song you'll be hearing a lot more of as the bbc picks the official track for its commonwealth games coverage. at least 46 people have been found dead in an abandoned lorry on the outskirts of san antonio, texas.
officials say a further 16 people, including four children, were taken to hospital suffering from heat stroke and exhaustion. san antonio is around 150 miles from the us—mexico border — and a major transit route for people traffickers. azadeh moshiri reports. emergency responders crowd together after dozens of bodies were found in an abandoned lorry. more than a dozen survivors, including children, were rushed to hospital. a worker who works in the buildings up here behind me heard a cry for help, came out to investigate, found a trailer with the doors partially open, opened them up to take a look and found a number of deceased individuals inside. the lorry was found in san antonio, texas, around 250 kilometres
from the us mexico border. the victims are believed to be migrants trying to make their way into the united states. the patients that we saw were hot to the touch. they were suffering from heat stroke, heat exhaustion, no signs of water in the vehicle, it was a refrigerated tractor—trailer but there was no visible working ac unit on that rig. we're not supposed to open up a truck and see stacks of bodies in there. none of us come to work imagining that. the governor of texas, greg abbott, has blamed us president joe biden for the deaths, arguing they are a result of his deadly open border policies. state officials in texas have been dealing with record levels of migrant crossings from mexico, as they have prepared for a surge during a hot summer, with temperatures reaching 39.4 celsius on monday.
as a federal investigation is launched, these deaths are a reminder of how perilous thatjourney is. azadeh moshiri, bbc news. antonio fernandez is chief executive officer of catholic charities, he is at a hospital where victims have been taken. right now we know that 46 people died, 16 people are in the hospital, including some children. what i know is they are in very bad condition so i don't know if these people are going to make it or not. i hope they do, we are trying to do whatever it takes to help them. you know, we are not allowed to be by the truck but what we know is there were bodies all over the place on the track and it is the same situation that has happened here in san antonio five years ago where some more immigrants were found
in the back of a truck. it is sad how these people are being treated crossing the borderfrom mexico into america and it's just not right. let's get the latest from cbs correspondent in new york naomi ruckum. a horrific story, what more can you tell us about the victims at this stage? it tell us about the victims at this state? ., ,, ., , tell us about the victims at this staue? . ,, ., , .,, ., tell us about the victims at this staue? ., , .,, ., ., stage? it appears to be a human smu: calin stage? it appears to be a human smuggling incident _ stage? it appears to be a human smuggling incident gone - stage? it appears to be a human smuggling incident gone wrong, | smuggling incident gone wrong, because several children were injured. a federal investigation is under way in injured. a federal investigation is underway in san injured. a federal investigation is under way in san antonio after 46 suspected migrants were found dead in the back of the 18 wheeler truck. 16 people were taken to hospitals with heat —related injuries. those do include four children, who authorities say were hot to the touch and dehydrated and there were no signs of water in the trailer. police say a city worker helped uncover the gruesome scene after hearing a cry for help the red tractor trailer on a remote back road. officers say the worker looked inside the trailer and found a
number of dead bodies. police say they may conduct another canine search in the nearby woods to make sure there are no additional bodies, but three people were also taken into custody. but three people were also taken into custody-— but three people were also taken into custod . ., ., , ., into custody. how common is it for human traffickers _ into custody. how common is it for human traffickers to _ into custody. how common is it for human traffickers to use _ into custody. how common is it for human traffickers to use lorries - into custody. how common is it for| human traffickers to use lorries and trucks as a method of transport to take people across the mexico us border? . ., , , ., , ., , border? the incident appears to be the latest and _ border? the incident appears to be the latest and one _ border? the incident appears to be the latest and one of— border? the incident appears to be the latest and one of the _ border? the incident appears to be the latest and one of the deadliest| the latest and one of the deadliest in decades involving people trying to cross the border. this is not the first migrant related tragedy to strike san antonio itself in recent years. in 2017, ten migrants died after they were found in a sweltering tractor—trailer near a local walmart store. but the number of dead in this latest incident is shedding light on the migrant crisis along the southern border and the human smugglers who get them there and beyond. already this fiscal year us customs and border protection has recorded more than 1.5 million migrant encounters in the
south—west. nearly the same amount as all of 2021. we south-west. nearly the same amount as all of 202l-— as all of 2021. we heard in the re ort as all of 2021. we heard in the report that _ as all of 2021. we heard in the report that the _ as all of 2021. we heard in the report that the governor - as all of 2021. we heard in the report that the governor of. as all of 2021. we heard in the - report that the governor of texas, the republican governor of texas, gregg abbott, has been quick to blame president biden, what he describes as his deadly open border policies, has there been any response from the white house yet? situations like this often turn into a blame game, because the body is so contentious. republicans and democrats have different views on how to approach the immigration problem we have on the border. president biden himself has not responded to the latest criticism, but these incidents have repeatedly happened to all administrations, it hasn'tjust been democrats or republicans. what needs to happen now is some sort of compromise in washington, but as we know, that is hard to come by.— hard to come by. thank you very much. we can speak now to tony smith, former head of the uk border force and director
of ports and borders thank you forjoining us and people in the uk may think back to 2019 and the discovery of the bodies of 39 vietnamese nationals, men, women and children in the back of the trailer, a lorry trailer in essex. how common, this is a question i touched on with naomi, how common is if human traffickers to use lorries to smuggle people in this way? goad smuggle people in this way? good morninu. smuggle people in this way? good morning- what — smuggle people in this way? good morning. what people _ smuggle people in this way? (emf. morning. what people are seeing is something that has been getting steadily worse over recent years. we are seeing human smugglers who are prepared to resort to dangerous routes and these containment vehicles in adverse weather conditions and leaving unattended vehicles with people in the back. we have seen problems are maritime with people drowning. i am afraid there
is a lot of money in human smuggling networks in the business model is succeeding, more people are falling into their hands. i am afraid unless the international community can wake up the international community can wake up and do something about this, things will only get worse. i want to talk to you _ things will only get worse. i want to talk to you about _ things will only get worse. i want to talk to you about the - things will only get worse. i want to talk to you about the business j to talk to you about the business model, do these traffickers have any care for the welfare of these people in these lorries, do they think the word will get back that people have died in this case because of the heater and the lack of water? or do theyjust not care and do they reckon enough people are desperate enough to make this journey that they don't care about the conditions?— they don't care about the conditions? , ., �* .., they don't care about the conditions? , ., �* .. �* conditions? they don't care, i'm afraid, i have _ conditions? they don't care, i'm afraid, i have dealt _ conditions? they don't care, i'm afraid, i have dealt with - conditions? they don't care, i'm afraid, i have dealt with them i afraid, i have dealt with them myself and i know officers who are dealing with them now. they have no regard for human life. if people die, it is part of the business for them, theyjust want die, it is part of the business for them, they just want the die, it is part of the business for them, theyjust want the money. the trouble is, people will pay. if they see the destination and people
getting through borders in this way, the more they will want to come. there is huge pressure is to emigrate into places like america, the uk and europe and more people with global mobility are falling into that trap. we have the national crime agency, the americans are working hard on this but we are seeing record numbers on the southern border now in the us. it is similar problems in the mediterranean, similar problems here between the uk and france where smugglers are gaining the upper hand,it smugglers are gaining the upper hand, it is politicians who need to come together and work together to stop this. ﬁn come together and work together to sto- this. ., come together and work together to sto this. ., ,., . come together and work together to sto . this. . ,., . . stop this. on that point, what are the main methods— stop this. on that point, what are the main methods that _ stop this. on that point, what are the main methods that can - stop this. on that point, what are the main methods that can be - the main methods that can be deployed to try to begin to tackle this? ., ., ., ., , this? international agreements, i think. a this? international agreements, i think- a lot _ this? international agreements, i think. a lot of — this? international agreements, i think. a lot of countries - this? international agreements, i think. a lot of countries now - this? international agreements, i | think. a lot of countries now won't take their own nationals back at borders, there is collaboration on both sides of the border because of various issues. but essentially we
do need proper border controls and we need to know that when people try to permeate abodes like this, the business model will not work and it is not worth it. we need to make it easier for people who are judges him at lee loud, to come through. and for those who don't, stay where they are. it is a global issue at the g7 and the international community in really need to get to grips with. it requires political collaboration on both sides with a collaboration to stop human people smuggling and save lives. ., , ,, ., ~ stop human people smuggling and save lives. ., , ,, . ~' , ., , lives. tony smith, thank you very much for talking _ lives. tony smith, thank you very much for talking to _ lives. tony smith, thank you very much for talking to us _ lives. tony smith, thank you very much for talking to us today. - breaking news about a trial taking place in germany over 101—year—old former nazi camp guard.
josef schuetz is a hundred—and—one years old. he denies involvement in the killing of 3,500 prisoners at sachsenhausen camp during the second world war. but he has been given a five year jail sentence and that news just coming into us and we will bring you more details as we get them. president volodymyr zelensky has described a russian missile strike on a shopping centre in central ukraine as "one of the most brazen terrorist acts in the history of europe". at least 18 people were killed, and more than 50 injured, when the building was hit yesterday afternoon. rescue crews have spent the night searching for survivors. president zelensky has stressed the importance of an important missile defence system for ukraine to
prevent what he called russian terrorist attacks. our europe correspondent, nick beake, has more. this inferno is not a ukrainian military target. it's a ukrainian shopping centre. no weapons here, just families. these were the bewildering minutes after russia's latest devastating missile attack on the central city of kremenchuk. inside the building, panic. "is anyone alive? " a man calls out. there's a faint answer. "where are you? come here," the man says again. monday afternoon shoppers became paramedics, helping to load the injured into ambulances. those nearby at the time of impact struggling to make sense of what had happened. i was not far away from the place where it happened, some 500 metres away. and people were running around, and after about 30 minutes, i decided to go and check
out the place. the centre was just destroyed. i just am out of words. i did not expect something like this could happen in my town. as they began to clear the wreckage, the number of dead was rising. each piece of debris revealing a clearer picture of the damage done. well, for hours now, they have been bringing out these pieces of mangled metal from the shopping centre, leaving them here, and the work goes on. even though it's now pitch black and that is because there is an urgency. many people were in the shopping centre at the time of the attack and the fear is that many more people have died. speaking at the shopping centre, ukraine's interior minister told us that this was an act of terrorism, perpetrated by putin and the russian federation. president zelensky claimed up to 1000 people could have
been inside at the time, and had these words. translation: only completely messed up terrorists, _ for whom there is no place on earth, could strike such a place. it's not an accidental hit by missiles, it is a deliberate russian strike. this carnage is more than 80 miles away from russian occupied land, so it was most likely the work of a guided missile. why here? we don't know. but moscow is showing this city and the watching world its assault on ukraine and its people is not going to stop. nick beake, bbc news, ukraine. our correspondent, joe inwood, joins us from kyiv. as we mentioned in the introduction, rescue crews spent the night searching through the rubble of the shopping centre, what is the latest on that effort? i
shopping centre, what is the latest on that effort?— on that effort? i think it is not auoin to on that effort? i think it is not going to be — on that effort? i think it is not going to be a _ on that effort? i think it is not going to be a happy _ on that effort? i think it is not going to be a happy outcome | on that effort? i think it is not i going to be a happy outcome for anyone if they were trapped inside. the pictures you saw in that report, the inferno that resulted from this missile strike, it is very, very unlikely anyone would still be alive. this is a recovery, rather than a rescue mission at this point. there are people who made it out, people rescued by passers—by, shoppers that became paramedics. they have been taken to local hospitals, we have seen interviews with them and they talk of the scene of devastation and confusion. the dust, smoke and fire, they were thrown around and there are some serious injuries as a consequence of this. serious in'uries as a consequence of this. . . serious in'uries as a consequence of this. , , ., , ., ., this. there seems to be a pattern of strikes on targets _ this. there seems to be a pattern of strikes on targets perhaps _ this. there seems to be a pattern of strikes on targets perhaps that - this. there seems to be a pattern of strikes on targets perhaps that we l strikes on targets perhaps that we haven't seen so much of during this war so far, but on targets that people are clearly saying constitute
a war crime. to coincide with major meetings of world leaders like the g7 summit that is going on in bavaria, is there a feeling this was very deliberately time to make an impact? very deliberately time to make an im act? . . very deliberately time to make an imact? . ,. ., , ., impact? that is certainly what the ukrainians are _ impact? that is certainly what the ukrainians are saying. _ impact? that is certainly what the ukrainians are saying. president | ukrainians are saying. president zelensky described this as a terrorist act. the leaders of the g7 said it was a war crime and boris johnson said there were no depth to which russia would sink. the russians have always denied targeting civilian infrastructure but it doesn't tally with the facts as we see them on the ground. but the feeling here is russia is doing this to send a signal, to tell the world what they are capable of, they can escalate things further. this isn't the first attack on civilian targets. we saw the bombing of the maternity hospital and the theatre in mariupol. although that was a city under siege and by and guided munitions. this was, we think, a
cruise missile and is much more targeted. so the suspicion is this was deliberate. although that hasn't been proven yet. that is the feeling, it is part of an escalator reprocessed by the russians to tally with big global events, when this meeting is taking place when the secretary general of the united nations was in moscow many weeks ago, a similar sort of thing happen, although not on this scale. jae although not on this scale. joe inwood, although not on this scale. joe lnwood. in _ although not on this scale. joe inwood, in the ukrainian capital, thank you very much. nicola sturgeon is preparing to set out her plans for a second referendum on scottish independence. the first minister will make a statement in the scottish parliament this afternoon, when she's expected to say a vote will take place in october next year, with or without the formal consent of westminster. the uk government says now is not the time for another referendum. our scotland correspondent lorna gordonjoins us now from edinburgh. good morning to you, i guess we are
going to hear a lot of discussion about whether or not there is a mandate for another referendum? the? mandate for another referendum? they will beat two — mandate for another referendum? tie: will beat two areas nicola mandate for another referendum? ti21: will beat two areas nicola sturgeon will beat two areas nicola sturgeon will focus on, one will be the mandate. she will argue strongly she has that mandate because a majority of pro—independent msps were voted on at the last scottish election. that is snp msps and green msps on both of those parties had mentioned referendums in their manifestos. the other side of this independence debate in the form of alisterjack, the secretary of state for scotland would argue that mandate doesn't exist because of fewer than a third of the overall electorate voted for the snp at the last election. the flip side to that, of course, 48% of those who did vote, voted in favour of the snp, so there are many ways
to slice the cake statistically but nicola sturgeon would argue she has a strong mandate because she has a lot of pro—independence msps at holyrood. the second area is processed, that is what the speculation in scotland has been about these last few weeks, the scottish cabinet, the scottish government cabinet will be meeting just now and hearing what those plans are. nicola sturgeon has called this a significant update on how a lawful vote can be held without the uk government agreeing to transfer the powers to the scottish government. that is what happened the last time around when the vote was held in 2014. ahead of that vote there was the edinburgh agreement under section 30 order. but transferred the powers to hold an independence referendum to the scottish government. that feels like it is unlikely this time around. the uk government saying now is not the time. what might the other parts be?
could the first minister talk about introducing a referendum bill and then letting it fight its way through the courts? that is one possibility. another possibility is the holding of a consultative ballot with a slightly different question than was opposed back in 2014. there are challenges to that, could it face challenges in the court, might it be boycotted by prounion voters in scotland. and if a majority of people who did vote, voted in favour of whatever question was muted, with that though to be recognised by the uk government and indeed internationally? so a lot of speculation about what the first minister might announce at holyrood this afternoon. very little has leaked out thus far, but this is a significant day in the ongoing debate over scotland's future. lama debate over scotland's future. lorna gordon, debate over scotland's future. lorna gordon. thank— debate over scotland's future. lorna gordon, thank you _ debate over scotland's future. lorna gordon, thank you very _ debate over scotland's future. lorna gordon, thank you very much. - joining me now is professor of public law and human rights
at the university of durham, aileen mcharg. thank you very much forjoining us and i think last time we spoke it was certainly around the time of the first referendum. we wait to see if they will be a second referendum, what is your view of the legality of this potential vote on scotland's future? ,., ., ., this potential vote on scotland's future? ., ., ~ future? good morning, thank you. this is a question _ future? good morning, thank you. this is a question which _ future? good morning, thank you. this is a question which has - future? good morning, thank you. this is a question which has been l this is a question which has been disputed for many years going right back to the time when the scotland bill was first being enacted by the uk parliament back in 1998. as your correspondentjust said prior to the 2014 referendum, that dispute was not resolved because we had this political agreement to temporarily amend the scotland act to make it clear whether or not a referendum was within the parliament's legislative powers. so we're back to the quo, if you like. the question
revolves around whether or not a referendum on independence would relate to the reserved matter of the union. it is quite clear the scottish parliament cannot legislate to dissolve the union, only the uk parliament can grant scotland independence, but the question is whether a referendum would relate to the union in a sufficient way below sense. the court said relates to means more than just a consequential election. a referendum organised the scottish parliament would inevitably be a consultative or an advisory referendum. the 2014 referendum was a advisory referendum, as was the brexit referendum.— brexit referendum. when you say consultative _ brexit referendum. when you say consultative or _ brexit referendum. when you say consultative or advisory, - brexit referendum. when you say consultative or advisory, it - brexit referendum. when you say| consultative or advisory, it doesn't necessarily mean there would be a
direct consequence?— direct consequence? right, it doesnt direct consequence? right, it doesn't specify _ direct consequence? right, it doesn't specify consequence, j direct consequence? right, it l doesn't specify consequence, it direct consequence? right, it - doesn't specify consequence, itjust arranges for a vote to be held and then the consequences that follow from that are left to the political process. so the key difference in 2014 was that in the edinburgh agreement, the uk government and the scottish government both agreed they would respect the result of the referendum, whatever that turned out to be. he had a political commitment that if there had been a vote for independence in the referendum, the uk government would have cooperated in delivering independence. but that was only a political commitment, not legally binding. we saw in 2016 after the brexit referendum, that there can be significant pushback against an advisory referendum. ﬁst against an advisory referendum. at this stage, we don't have any commitment from the government in westminster to that effect, clearly? westminster to that effect, clearly? we don't have any commitment that the scottish government would be hoping that if they held a
referendum, if it survived the legal challenge and if it produced a vote for independence, that that would create by itself, it would create the political pressure to get the uk government to come to the table and agree to enable scotland to become independent. agree to enable scotland to become independent-— independent. professor, thank you ve much independent. professor, thank you very much for— independent. professor, thank you very much for your _ independent. professor, thank you very much for your thoughts - independent. professor, thank you very much for your thoughts on - independent. professor, thank you | very much for your thoughts on that today. let me read out a couple of your comments on the question about whether it is the right time for another vote on scotland's future. luke says, it is the wrong time to talk about another independence referendum, it is clear that the first minister refuses to accept the result of the first in 2014. ashley mckenzie says, wrong time for scottish leaders to campaign for scottish leaders to campaign for scottish independence with the cost of living crisis, the snp need to get their head straight. someone else says, regardless of the views on independence, we should be pro democracy, a party were selected on
the manifesto of another referendum and we should all want this vote only we are no better than countries we condemn. keep your thoughts on that particular question or any of the other stories we are covering today coming into me. use the hashtag ppc your questions. the leaders of the world's richest nations have issued a joint statement describing russia's actions as "abominable". they were meeting at the g7 summit in germany when the attack took place. today, most of them will be in madrid for a meeting of the nato military alliance, where they'll discuss the growing threat from russia. the g7 summit is being held in the bavarian alps, where our correspondent jenny hill is. tell us more about the reaction of the g7 leaders to that attack on the shopping centre in ukraine, as i was discussing withjoe inwood in kyiv a few minutes ago, there is a sense it
was timed to coincide with this meeting of world leaders? yes. was timed to coincide with this meeting of world leaders? yes, it is hard to avoid _ meeting of world leaders? yes, it is hard to avoid that _ meeting of world leaders? yes, it is hard to avoid that suspicion. - meeting of world leaders? yes, it is hard to avoid that suspicion. it - meeting of world leaders? yes, it is hard to avoid that suspicion. it has i hard to avoid that suspicion. it has cast a really sombre shadow and what is the final day of talks here in bavaria. it is also serving to remind leaders adjust what perhaps i should say who they are dealing with. they said in a statement last night that vladimir putin will be held to account for indiscriminate attacks like this on civilians. it's not here how they intend to achieve that aim but they made a pledge of a night and that is they say they will not rest until russia ends what they described as senseless and cruel war in ukraine. i think, given the discussions over the last couple of days, you can broadly divide their strategy into two parts. first of all, they are pledging to step up their support for president zelensky and his country to strengthen their fightback against the russian invasion. they are going to send
more money to the tune of $28 billion. we are told they will send more military equipment, weapons and train more troops. we don't have many details on the exact roll—out but that is the basic pledge. the second part of the strategy seems to be to pile the pressure on vladimir putin. it is broadly acknowledged now that existing sanctions on his country haven't yet succeeded in really turning off the financial taps. he has still got revenues from the sales of oil coming in and is using that money to fund this war. the leaders are talking a lot about what further sanctions can be imposed, what more can be done. discussing ideas like a global cat on the price of russian oil and the theory being it would drive the international price down by hitting vladimir putin where it really hurts, in the pocket. perhaps a ban on the export of russian gold. they are also talking about sanctions on the russian war industry, the military infrastructure, making sure
it cannot access components or technology from the outside world. we will have to wait for the final statement, the communique, as they call it, that will be published at the end of the summit, to get concrete ideas about what they have all signed up to. but that is broadly speaking where we are. they will be discussing the ongoing consequences of this war, because it is not all about what is happening in ukraine, it is about the wide implications for the rest of the world, famine, and as a result of a globalfood shortage. world, famine, and as a result of a global food shortage. trouble with energy supplies around the world and the white house is briefing this morning that we expect there to be a pledge of financial support to try and deal with internationalfood and deal with international food production. and deal with internationalfood production. something like $500 billion pledge there, which has come from the american delegation. we have not heard from everybody else. but the strategy of supporting ukraine means that the leaders know they are going to have some painful decisions to make, this isn't going
to be easy for many countries in the world and for their countries, too. look at some of these leaders, they are politically difficult places, borisjohnson, emanuel mike ryan —— emmanuel macron of france and president biden. the cost of living is exacerbated by the ongoing conflict. a lot of pressure, a lot to talk about many of these leaders are about to travel on to a native summit in madrid where the subject will be once again, ukraine and ukraine alone.— will be once again, ukraine and ukraine alone. ~ , ., ukraine alone. absolutely top of the arenda for ukraine alone. absolutely top of the agenda for them. _ ukraine alone. absolutely top of the agenda for them. jenny _ ukraine alone. absolutely top of the agenda for them. jenny hill - ukraine alone. absolutely top of the agenda for them. jenny hill in - agenda for them. jenny hill in bavaria, thank you very much. it is now time for a look at the weather. now it's time for a look at the weather with tomasz. for many it was a beautiful start to the day and the sun is still shining back to the west it has not been, it has been wet and windy and that is how it will stay through the course
of the afternoon. early on it was thoroughly wet in northern ireland. this is what it looks like by 4pm, rain and wind towards the west, further east, sunshine in london and norwich, which bodes well for wimbledon today. through the course of the night that band of rain and wind across the country, tending to fizzle out towards the early hours of wednesday. the heaviest rain falling around the north—east of england and yorkshire. elsewhere, the weather should tend to dry out. wednesday is going to be much better across the west. in fact, sunshine right from the word go, and a scattering of showers, and the winds will be light as well. as a result it will feel a little warmer, but those temperatures typically between 17 and as high as 24 in norwich. hello, this is bbc news with annita mcveigh. the headlines...
46 people have been found dead in an abandoned lorry on the outskirts of the texan city of san antonio. borisjohnson and other g7 leaders say yesterday's russian missile strike on a shopping centre in ukraine was a war crime. at least 18 people died in the attack in the city of kremenchuk. a man has been arrested on suspicion of murdering 35—year—old zara aleena in east london. police say she was the victim of an "opportunist stranger attack". # it's a brum ting... the song you'll be hearing alot more of as the bbc picks the official track for its commonwealth games coverage. more now on one of our main stories — the russian missile strike on a shopping centre in central ukraine. at least 18 people were killed and more than 50 injured when the building was hit yesterday afternoon. g7 leaders have called the attack on civilians a �*war crime'.
justice richard goldstone is the former prosecutor of international criminal trials for yugoslavia and rwanda, and prosecuted war criminals including former bosnian serb president rather than carrots. thank you forjoining us today. do president rather than carrots. thank you forjoining us today.— you for “oining us today. do you think, you forjoining us today. do you think, is there _ you forjoining us today. do you think, is there any _ you forjoining us today. do you think, is there any doubt - you forjoining us today. do you think, is there any doubt in - you forjoining us today. do you| think, is there any doubt in your mind, that the attack on the shopping centres constitutes a war crime? . ., , shopping centres constitutes a war crime? . . , ., ,, ., , shopping centres constitutes a war crime? . . , ., , ., crime? there certainly appears to me to be no alternative. _ crime? there certainly appears to me to be no alternative. the _ crime? there certainly appears to me to be no alternative. the two - to be no alternative. the two fundamental principles of international armed conflict are distinction and proportionality. the people, if an army attacks anywhere during the war, then they have to make a distinction between civilian targets and military targets and if it is a military target, were bombing might affect innocent
civilians then the principle of proportionality comes up, and a number of civilians who are killed or injured has to be proportionate to the army justification or injured has to be proportionate to the armyjustification to the army goal in mind. in the case of the bombing yesterday, obviously a shopping mall, crowded with almost a thousand people, is obviously a civilian target. from all the evidence that has emerged, there are no military targets in the area. the missiles were fired from the air, from aircraft, and therefore would have obviously been targeted, so, on all of these talents, it appears to me to be without any doubt that this was a very serious war crime and probably amounts because of the number of people involved to a crime against humanity.—
against humanity. because of the number of people _ against humanity. because of the number of people you _ against humanity. because of the number of people you think- against humanity. because of the number of people you think this i number of people you think this amounts to a crime against humanity, to be absolutely clear.— to be absolutely clear. absolutely. and the threshold _ to be absolutely clear. absolutely. and the threshold for— to be absolutely clear. absolutely. and the threshold for that - to be absolutely clear. absolutely. and the threshold for that is - to be absolutely clear. absolutely. | and the threshold for that is based on the numbers affected? aha, and the threshold for that is based on the numbers affected?- on the numbers affected? a crime auainst on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity _ on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity has _ on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity has to _ on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity has to be - on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity has to be a - on the numbers affected? a crime against humanity has to be a war. against humanity has to be a war crime against the civilian population, which means obviously more than a few individuals but attacking a shopping centre with 1000 people certainly crosses the line in my view and would constitute a crime against humanity. you mentioned _ a crime against humanity. you mentioned the _ a crime against humanity. you mentioned the missile used. with prosecutors look at the type of missile and how precise it is? because that leads to a certain conclusion as well. is it a missile that doesn't discriminate, or is it one that can be very precisely targeted at a particular destination? ~ , , targeted at a particular destination? ~ , . ., . destination? absolutely. the choice ofthe destination? absolutely. the choice of the missile _ destination? absolutely. the choice of the missile is _ destination? absolutely. the choice of the missile is crucially _ of the missile is crucially important. i don't know what kind of
missile this is, this is not my area of expertise by any means but it appears to be an intentional attack against the civilian target. ianthem appears to be an intentional attack against the civilian target. when we have discussed _ against the civilian target. when we have discussed the _ against the civilian target. when we have discussed the issue _ against the civilian target. when we have discussed the issue of - against the civilian target. when we have discussed the issue of war - have discussed the issue of war crimes in ukraine previously during the course of this war, we have looked at the difficulties in bringing individuals the justice. what are your thoughts on what is unfolding here in ukraine, and how long it might take to bring about any prosecutions? it is long it might take to bring about any prosecutions?— long it might take to bring about any prosecutions? it is difficult to estimate. any prosecutions? it is difficult to estimate- it _ any prosecutions? it is difficult to estimate. it depends _ any prosecutions? it is difficult to estimate. it depends really - any prosecutions? it is difficult to estimate. it depends really on . any prosecutions? it is difficult to | estimate. it depends really on the political situation. as long as the major war criminals remain in the russian federation and it remains under the control of president putin, it is going to be obviously a long and arduous task to get any leaders before the international criminal court, orany leaders before the international criminal court, or any other court, a domestic court, for example, that
might havejurisdiction a domestic court, for example, that might have jurisdiction under universal jurisdiction. might have jurisdiction under universaljurisdiction. but one doesn't know. as in the case of serbia, in the mid—19 90s, president milasinovich felt safe at home. he knew that his people wouldn't give him up —— president milasinovich. but there was revolution, he was overthrown and he was bundled by his own people to stand trial in the hague. it is important to collect evidence and i have every confidence thatis evidence and i have every confidence that is being done both by the ukrainian officials, judicial officials, prosecution officials and obviously also by the investigators working for the international criminal court.— working for the international criminal court. justice richard goldstone. — criminal court. justice richard goldstone, thank _ criminal court. justice richard goldstone, thank you - criminal court. justice richard goldstone, thank you for - criminal court. justice richard goldstone, thank you for your| criminal court. justice richard - goldstone, thank you for your time. the former chief prosecutor of the un international criminal tribunal is for yugoslavia and rwanda. a 29—year—old man is
being held on suspicion of murdering a woman in east london. zara aleena, who was 35, was attacked while she walked through ilford in the early hours of sunday morning. the met police believe she was the victim of what it called an "opportunist stranger attack". a friend has been paying tribute. she was the sweetest girl, she could never harm a fly. always polite, always bubbly, the sweetest girl you could ever meet, really,... a woman who is suing a rape crisis centre for failing to provide women—only support meetings and making group sessions trans—inclusive, has told the bbc she is fighting for women's rights. june kelly reports. i think my case is about women's rights. i think women have sex—based rights and protections and these are threat at the moment from trans activism. the words of the woman bringing this legal case against her local rape crisis centre in brighton.
she says she started going to group meetings here because she was sexually abused as a child, and then, when she was in her 20s, she was raped. how did you find those initial meetings? really, really supportive and helpful. it was all women. i had a support network, which is the first time i've felt that since the abuse happened, and i was raped. legally, she has to remain anonymous and so she is using the pseudonym, sarah, and we have had her words re—voiced. you went to another session. just talk us through what happened. there was someone in that group that appeared to be male. i assume this person was trans. i was a bit taken aback. why was it so difficult for you to have somebody in that group who is a trans woman? i have been raped by a man. i have been sexually abused by men, and ijust don't necessarily trust that men are who they say they are.
the charity, survivors network, which runs the rape crisis centre in brighton, declined our request for an interview because it said it hadn't yet received details of the legal claim from sarah's lawyers, but in a statement, it told us... sarah denies she is transphobic. i think it is brilliant that they are so openly supportive to the transgender community but for me, personally, a mixed sex space doesn't work. i think having one additional group for women who were born female would be the obvious solution. sarah says that there are no other single—sex services in brighton.
meanwhile, the rape crisis centre says that it wants to reassure all survivors that it is still there for them. june kelly, bbc news. and if you're affected by the issues in that report, bbc actionline has the details of where you can find support, should you need it. at least three people have died and dozens are being treated for injuries after a passenger train derailed in the us state of missouri. the amtrak train — which was travelling from los angeles to chicago — hit a truck at a rail crossing, which had no barriers or lights. more than two hundred people were on board when it came off the tracks. preliminary investigation indicates an amtrak passenger train travelling to chicago, illinois struck a truck at the railroad crossing, and uncontrolled crossing. the train had
approximately eight cars including a baggage car, seven cars have derailed. there are multiple injuries and we can confirm there are three fatalities. two on the train and one in the dock track. a man who murdered 22—year—old helen mccourt in 1988 — and who always refused to reveal where he hid her body — has died two years after his release from prison. pub landlord ian simms served 31 years for the murder, in st helens, but maintained his innocence. helen's mum marie described simms' death as a "great relief". greg mckenzie reports. it's been 34 years since 22—year—old helen mccourt was killed as she walked home from work in billinge in merseyside. she was murdered by former pub landlord ian simms. he's always refused to say what he did with her body. it's the part that upsets me is she can see us, though.
i can't have this last goodbye, ijust can't. the only thing i want is to have my child back. whatever tiny bits and pieces there are, it's my daughter's, and i want them back. and i can't have them now. the conviction of helen mccourt�*s murderer made history. simms was one of the first people in the uk convicted on dna evidence without the discovery of a body. helen's mum marie petitioned for many years for helen's law to deny parole to killers who refused to reveal where their victims' remains are, but delays caused by brexit and the general election meant the law was enacted after simms was released. he will now take the secret of where helen is to his grave. but marie still hopes that new information could lead her to her daughter.
greg mckenzie, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news... 46 people have been found dead in an abandoned lorry on the outskirts of the texan city of san antonio. borisjohnson and other g7 leaders say yesterday's russian missile strike on a shopping centre in ukraine was a war crime. at least 18 people died in the attack in the city of kremenchuk. scotland's first minister nicola sturgeon will set out her plans to hold a second referendum on scottish independence. ghislaine maxwell will be sentenced in the us today for recruiting and grooming girls for her former partner — the paedophilejeffrey epstein — to abuse. she could be jailed for up to 55 years after a jury found her guilty of five counts, including sex trafficking, in december. our new york correspondent, nada tawfik spoke to annie farmer — the only victim to testify against maxwell
using her real name. the sense of knowing you have spoken your truth is a powerful feeling. annie farmer's distressing testimony helped secure ghislaine maxwell's sex—trafficking conviction. on the stand, she recounted how maxwell molested and groomed herfor abuse byjeffrey epstein when she was 16 years old. when maxwell is sentenced, annie hopes the judge considers all of those she harmed. these crimes have not only impacted the individuals that experienced them, but also that there is a systemic impact for those people's partners and families and loved ones. if you think about all the number of people involved, then the harm that she caused is almost immeasurable. jurors found maxwell guilty on five of the six counts against her in late december. annie and three other women detailed how maxwell was epstein's chief enabler, a predator who manipulated the teenagers and then tried to normalise sexual contact
under the ruse of massage. still, in the latest court documents, her lawyers continue to argue that she is being made a scapegoat for epstein. in a bid for a lighter sentence they wrote, "she had a difficult, traumatic childhood with an overbearing, narcissistic and demanding father. it made her vulnerable to epstein." they also raised concerns about her treatment in prison, writing, "miss maxwell was the target of a credible death threat from a fellow inmate." annie farmer said she was disappointed but not surprised by maxwell's focus on how her own life had been ruined. ifelt, again, there had been an opportunity for her to take ownership of what she had done, for her, in some ways, to express remorse to the victims of her crimes. and it was all about her. evidence presented here during this high—profile trial gave the public a glimpse into maxwell and epstein's lavish lifestyle and relationship. but many questions remain.
how did epstein amass all of his wealth? why did maxwell help him, and will any accomplices be held accountable? david boies represents dozens of epstein's accusers, including annie. he said many of his clients are concerned that the justice department will consider the epstein case now closed. this could not have gone on at the scope it went on, and for the years that it went on without the cooperation, complicity and collaboration of many people, some of them rich and powerful and politically connected. whether those people escape justice or not, i think, is one of the unanswered questions. annie says she and the other women are grateful to have got this far in their quest for accountability. after their long and difficult fight to be heard, ghislaine maxwell's sentencing is a significant step towards justice. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york.
a few years ago, holograms were the stuff of science fiction. now — in a world first — they're being used to help teach medical students in cambridge. the new technology means trainee doctors can make decisions without the fear of risking someone's life. our science correspondent richard westcott was given exclusive access to see the holograms in action. from the outside, it looks like some kind of bizarre drama class, until you can see what these doctors are seeing. so i'm just going to look at the patient�*s pupils, and they seem to be equal and reactive to light. it should then give you an option to put your stethoscope up. a holographic patient with severe asthma. treating her is a new doctor. maybe give her some salbutamol? under the watchful eye of trainers connie and ruby. —— jonny and ruby. and if you're struggling, just say, i need a hand. this world first mixed reality technology is the future
of medical training. hi, guys, i've been a doctorfor two years, and in future i want to be a surgeon. throughout medical school we had situations where patients would come in as actors, and obviously with the pandemic hitting, a lot of that pivoted to tablet—based interactions because obviously there was a risk to patients. but if we had something like this, this would really take training to a bit more interactive and realistic level. it's being developed by an american technology company, cambridge university, and doctors at addenbrooke's hospital, who made sure it was as realistic as possible. it feels very much more that you are connected to the scenario, and when you feel this patient, and when you see the visuals, when you see their neck muscles straining, you see the way that they are breathing, the trained eye of the doctor will tell a lot from how a patient's chest rises and falls. and we spent a lot of time trying to get that exactly right. if you step back one step and come around this way? her head is here. ok, yeah. so, johnny, this is kind of mixed reality, isn't it? so you can see the patient,
for example, sitting next to me, but you can also see me in real life and you can see steve the cameraman as well. does this allow students, do you think, to fail more dramatically? this is what we want to do, we want people to understand they are in a safe space, to be able to feel psychologically that they can make an error and no—one is going to criticise them for it. our session wasjoined from the us and malaysia, but the system lets doctors anywhere train remotely. what excites me is using it for something like a c—section, when in developing countries that procedure can literally be a life or death procedure because doctors aren't sufficiently trained. so basically, they don't have to have the visors, they can train with a mobile phone? they can train with nothing more than their mobile device. now the plan is to sell the system around the world, with some of the profits ploughed back into the nhs. richard wescott, bbc news. radio one dj adele roberts has been undergoing treatment
for bowel cancer since last year and has been sharing herjourney to raise awareness of the disease. she's now also shared some good news: she's free from cancer after eight months of treatment. graham satchell has been taking a look back at what adele has been through over the past few months — and the message she's now determined to spread. we're here at the hospital where i've been receiving my treatment to see my brilliant stoma nurse elaine — audrey's second mum. let's go. radio1 dj adele roberts was diagnosed with bowel cancer when she was just 42. we filmed with her last month. do you know, i never nearly came in, i never nearly rang the gp because i was worried, because of covid, i thought i would be a burden to the nhs. bowel cancer is the second biggest cancer killer in the uk. alternating between diarrhoea and constipation, having lots of mucus. bleeding.
and if it lasts more than three weeks, you should absolutely get it checked out, because if we catch it early, it's treatable. see, elaine's right. early diagnosis saves lives. go and get checked, don't be shy. adele had an operation to remove a tumour injanuary and has been having chemotherapy. when we filmed with her, she was looking forward to a vital checkup. in six weeks' time, i am going to have a scan and, fingers crossed, it's going to say i'm cancer—free. and i think that will be the greatest day of my life. adele had the scan yesterday and was given the all—clear. on social media, she said... "the day i've been waiting for. hearing the words you are free of cancer absolutely took my breath away. i keep replaying it in my mind. it was the most beautiful sound i think i've ever heard.
welcome to my bathroom. as part of her treatment, adele now has a stoma which she calls audrey. this essentially is my small intestine. the reason the doctors gave me this is because my large colon is healing at the moment because i've had a tumour removed. it is an opening in her skin that allows her to go to the loo while the rest of her body is recovering from surgery. so in a weird way, i've not been to the toilet since october last year. right, ready? yeah. adele has been helped every step of the way by her partner kate. sharing her story, being so open and honest, has been an inspiration to other people living with cancer. at the weekend, adele was named role model of the year at the annual british lgbt awards — a recognition, they said, of her determination to open the conversation about bowel cancer, to publicise the symptoms, to make sure no—one dies in embarrassment. being given the all—clear is
the news adele and all her followers had been desperately hoping for. graham satchell, bbc news. it's 9:54. are you ready for a new ear—worm? the bbc has chosen the official track for its commonwealth games coverage. . .and it's rather catchy. "it's a brum ting" — by the friendly fire band — is also on a new album of music which celebrates the city of birmingham. ben sidwell has the story. # it's a brum ting, it's a brum ting _ # it's a brum ting, it's a brum ting - # it's a brum ting, it's a brum ting #.j a musical love letter to birmingham. friendly fire band's it's a brum ting is one of 11 tracks that have been recorded by an eclectic mix of artists to celebrate the city they call home. it's a song you will be hearing an awful lot of during the commonwealth games, as it's the music the bbc have decided to use
across all their coverage. you kind of hear different people talk about, you know, they win a gold medal, or win a world cup, the feeling that they have, and it's kind of the same kind of feeling, you know, that you have something that a lot of people are going to hear, and hopefully like, you know, it's going to be played to millions of people all over the world. you couldn't ask for more. it really is an honour and a pleasure, and i feel humbled to be part of it. let's go on a musical touraround birmingham. on record, as the album is called, was the idea ofjez collins, the founder of the birmingham music archive, and has been created as part of the birmingham 2022 festival. so, it'sjazz, rock, hip—hop, rap, grime, whatever it might be, and the idea, really, i suppose, was just to say, actually, birmingham is a city of music, and it is a music city, and we wanted to record these songs, these artists, and capture them on record just to celebrate this brilliant city. and i think we've done that.
this double grammy award winner is another artist on the album. born in nigeria, the jazz musician now calls birmingham home along with his wife kate and named his son after the road where they live. it is a privilege and an honour. to be part of history. i am glad i have got my name into it. among all the great musicians and artists. the album also introduces new artists. i am super happy and super excited. i am also happy to kind of be representing disabled artists. i live with an invisible illness and sometimes i need a walking stick, sometimes i don't. and ijust felt happy to be able to express and represent disabled people in birmingham.
a musical celebration of the city, this album really is a brum ting. now it's time for a look at the weather with tomasz. hello. it's a case of polar opposites today in the east of the country. we had a glorious start to the day. and the sun is still shining out towards the west. a totally different story. rain and wind. and it was thoroughly wet earlier on in northern ireland. and some of the heavy rain now is spreading to parts of scotland and other western areas of the uk and this is the low pressure that's bringing this nasty weather. it'll be with us through the course of tuesday and into tomorrow as its weather front sweeps across the country, but only slowly sweeping towards the east. now, here's the good news. better weather is on the way, but we're going to have to wait for it until the weekend. as a ridge of high pressure, this azores high, builds in from the south and settle things
down, but not immediately. there still will be some showers around in the north. so let's have a look at the forecast then for today. here's the area of low pressure just to the west—northwest of ireland. here's that weather front — rain spreading across scotland, the northwest of england, wales and into the south west. and on top of that, some very gusty winds around some coastal areas. they could be exceeding 40 miles an hour, perhaps even 50 around exposed headlands. now, the temperatures today, highest obviously where we have that fine weather, the sunshine — hull, 22 degrees, norwich the same. out towards the west it will be cooler and the pollen levels are also very high where we have the clear weather today, all of that sunshine. the sunny skies out towards the east. this also bodes well for wimbledon, just a very small risk of a shower. but i think on the whole, we should be fine for today. so through the course of tonight, this weather front does sweep across the country. the heaviest of the rain by the end of the night, early hours of wednesday will probably be around the north and the northeast of england.
and it's quite a mild night. temperatures first thing on wednesday, around 14 in london and around 12 or 13 in the northwest of the uk. now tomorrow that weather front moves out into the north sea. it actually fizzles away. and then we're left with sunny spells and showers. a much better day tomorrow to come across many western areas. the winds will be lighter. there'll be more sunshine. it'll feel warmer. temperatures around 18 to 22 degrees. now, here's the outlook for the week ahead. and into the weekend, you can see quite a mixed picture. for some of us, the best of the weather always reserved
this is bbc news. i'm annita mcveigh and these are the latest headlines in the uk and around the world. 46 people have been found dead in an abandoned lorry on the outskirts of the texan city of san antonio. we are dealing with a horrific human tragedy. so i would urge you all to think compassionately and pray for the deceased, the ailing, the families. borisjohnson and other g7 leaders say yesterday's russian missile strike on a shopping centre in ukraine was a war crime. at least 18 people died in the attack in the city of kremenchuk. police in india arrest journalist mohammed zubair, who has been a vocal critic of prime minister narendra modi. a man has been arrested