tv BBC News BBC News August 8, 2022 3:00am-3:31am BST
welcome to bbc news. i'm david eades. our top stories: the us senate backsjoe biden's bill to fight climate change, channeling hundreds of billions of dollars towards ambitious clean energy goals. the world will be a better place for my grandchildren because of what we did today and that makes me feel very, very good. the first left—wing president in colombian history is sworn into office, calling for a fresh international strategy to deal with global drug trafficking. a ceasefire comes into effect between israel and the palestinian militant group, islamichhad, but there are already reports of continued fighting. the fight for life in afghanistan — one year since the taliban takeover, we see how the country's maternity services are at breaking point.
and iceland's version of a sound and light show — the volcano spewing out lava and molten rock, that's become a hit with tourists. hello, thank you forjoining us. the inflation reduction act may not sound like a landmark in us energy policy but democrats in the senate have just passed a bill designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, with $430 billion committed to cleaner energy. it's taken a year and a half of intense wrangling and much resistance to get here, hence the tears ofjoy amongst some democrats in the senate. republicans had tried to derail the legislation saying it would undermine economic growth. but the passing of the bill,
which also contains measures to reduce the price of healthcare and introduce new taxes for business, is being seen as a triumph for president biden. here's senate majority leader, chuck schumer. our bill reduces inflation, lowers costs, creates millions of manufacturing jobs, enhances our energy security, and is the boldest climate package in us history. the senate has now passed the most significant bill to fight the climate crisis ever. it is going to make a difference to my grandkids. the world will be a better place for my grandchildren because of what we did today and that makes me feel very, very good. very, very good. and a very relieved chuck schumer. alden meyer is senior associate of e36, a london based climate change think take. he was director of the union
of concerned scientists up until 2020 and has been heavily involved in climate change negotiation for decades even before the first rio summit. he is escaping the heat of washington and joins us now from lake huron ontario. thank you very much indeed for joining us. isn't everything that chuck schumer says it is? is it that good eight bill? it is ahistorical, the largest single action the united states congress has ever taken on climate change. to put it in perspective, it is 4— five times the magnitude of the $90 billion clean energy investment that president 0bama got through the congress and his economic recovery plan in 2009. it moves as well toward the paris target that president biden submitted last year to cut emissions by 50% by the year 2030. all the analysis shows that it will not get us
all the way that we still have work to do with federal obligatory authorities that — legislative authority. without this we would have no chance to meet the commitment so it is a big deal. meet the commitment so it is a bi deal. , ., big deal. given that the fiuures big deal. given that the figures you _ big deal. given that the figures you have - big deal. given that the figures you have given l big deal. given that the i figures you have given us, big deal. given that the - figures you have given us, it is clearly a very ambitious one and yet only half as ambitious as the initial hoped—for bill. there are trade—offs that bill which also led towards helping oil and gas companies? that was reall the oil and gas companies? that was really the price _ oil and gas companies? that was really the price of _ oil and gas companies? that was really the price of getting - really the price of getting senator mansion from west virginia to support the bill. —— manchin. president biden needed all senators on board since not one republican voted on this. there are other incentives we would have preferred not to see in there but it is important to note
that the clean energy incentives outweigh the emissions from those fossil fuels by a factor of 20 — one so it is not a perfect bill but it is a good deal. 50 so it is not a perfect bill but it is a good deal.— so it is not a perfect bill but it is a good deal. so you will take that — it is a good deal. so you will take that as _ it is a good deal. so you will take that as a _ it is a good deal. so you will take that as a sort _ it is a good deal. so you will take that as a sort of- it is a good deal. so you will take that as a sort of offer. | take that as a sort of offer. give us a flavour, even an illustration, picture of what difference this will make? how different will the landscape look with this money poured into this? ﬁx, look with this money poured into this?— into this? a massive shift towards _ into this? a massive shift towards renewable - into this? a massive shift| towards renewable energy sources, energy storage, the electric sector, tremendous incentive for purchase of clean electric vehicles over the next eight years, investment in clean energy manufacturing technologies and carbon capture and storage and other things for the industrial sector so it will exhilarate the transition that has been happening in the us over the last decade but
really put it on a much greater speed and that then we would have had —— than we would have had without this. it have had -- than we would have had without this.— had without this. it could have been bigger — had without this. it could have been bigger but _ had without this. it could have been bigger but it _ had without this. it could have been bigger but it is _ had without this. it could have been bigger but it is massive i been bigger but it is massive nonetheless. itjust be agreed to want that bit more to help you meet some of the target signed up to in the paris agreement?— signed up to in the paris agreement? signed up to in the paris aureement? , . , ., signed up to in the paris aureement? , ., , ., ., agreement? this was the art of the possible. _ agreement? this was the art of the possible. it _ agreement? this was the art of the possible. it is _ agreement? this was the art of the possible. it is the _ agreement? this was the art of the possible. it is the most - agreement? this was the art of the possible. it is the most we | the possible. it is the most we could get out of this congress and there is uncertainty about what can happen in the mid—term elections, the possibility of the republicans take control of either the house or the senate which would force president biden from getting anything done on this issue. there is a lot more work to do to get the us where it needs to be. thank ou ve us where it needs to be. thank you very much _ us where it needs to be. thank you very much indeed - us where it needs to be. thank you very much indeed for - us where it needs to be. thank you very much indeed for yourl you very much indeed for your analysis. you very much indeed for your anal sis. ., ~ you very much indeed for your anal sis. ., ,, , ., the first left—wing president in colombian history, gustavo petro, has been sworn into office in a ceremony attended by thousands of people in bogota's main square.
mr petro, a former marxist rebel, called for a fresh international strategy to deal with global drug trafficking, saying that the war on drugs of the past four decades has failed. lea na hosea reports. it is a historic day for colombia as the latin american country's first—ever left wing president, gustavo petro, is inaugurated. from the early hours of sunday, people began arriving in the capital, from all regions of the country, for the event. translation: today is a historic day - for our beloved country, colombia, because for the first time in 200 years, a ruler who was elected by the people for the people takes office. translation: it is the | beginning of democracy in colombia, because it the first time there will be a government of popular origin. big expectations which mr petro
is pledging to live up to. n0 audio translation available. is a former senator and mayor of bogota, he is promising as a former senator and mayor of bogota, he is promising a more inclusive government. he wants to address inequality, offer free education, improve the healthcare system, and to phase out colombia's reliance on fossil fuel extraction. to pay for these ambitious measures, he is promising tax reforms. but mr petro is also a former left wing guerrilla leader and, as president, he says he willfully implement a peace deal signed with the farc rebel group in 2016. a deal that stalled under the administration of outgoing leader, ivan duque. translation: it is. possible, yes, we can. we will implement the peace treaty and then we will follow to the letter the recommendations of the report of the truth commission,
which gives a figure of 800,000 people who died in the violence. dead colombian men and women. mr petro also called for a new international strategy to fight the drug trade, saying the war on drugs has failed. if mr petro is to succeed on delivering his big promises, they will have to win over the sizeable conservative minority who did not vote for him, and unite the country. leana hosea, bbc news. live now to bogota and we can talk to sergio guzman director of colombia risk analysis, a political risk consulting firm. thank you forjoining us. would this be, talk about risk. he is taking on the idea of tax hikes, thank you will have a pistol and deal with the drug was. y ., pistol and deal with the drug was. ,, .
pistol and deal with the drug was. ., ., , , was. do you want anything else for christmas! _ was. do you want anything else for christmas! i _ was. do you want anything else for christmas! i think _ was. do you want anything else for christmas! i think gustavo l for christmas! i think gustavo petro is quite ambitious in his proposed reforms that he wants to run through congress but he has to run this through people in congress that are conservative, independent to his government and it is not going to be such an easy feat to do. talk about tax reforms, energy transition, doing away with oil exploration, cutting down on coal export, it is going to be harder to do than it is sad. ~ ., ., , , it is sad. what would be his best in terms _ it is sad. what would be his best in terms of— it is sad. what would be his best in terms of popular- best in terms of popular support, in terms of where to aim forfirst of support, in terms of where to aim for first of all? the support, in terms of where to aim for first of all?— aim for first of all? the tax reform is — aim for first of all? the tax reform is the _ aim for first of all? the tax reform is the first - aim for first of all? the tax reform is the first line - aim for first of all? the tax reform is the first line of i reform is the first line of business. gustavo petro recognises the country is not just unequalled but it oversimplifies... overcomplicate the tax system so making a simpler tax system
that follows recommendations, expands the tax base and raises taxes on the wealthy may be an easy way to go but, again, we will have to moderate his expectations for having such a large bill. he has already manifested that. next up it is about symbolic such as equality. about symbolic such as equality-— about symbolic such as euuali ., , ., equality. diversity. what actually does _ equality. diversity. what actually does he - equality. diversity. what actually does he want. equality. diversity. what actually does he want to | equality. diversity. what - actually does he want to do? what is he looking at as a way of at least ameliorating a dreadful situation? of at least ameliorating a dreadfulsituation? i of at least ameliorating a dreadful situation? i think colombia _ dreadful situation? i think colombia alone _ dreadful situation? i think colombia alone and - dreadful situation? i think colombia alone and not i dreadful situation? i think l colombia alone and not face this issue and i think gustavo petro recognises that. he is calling on the united states, european countries to also pitch in and help colombia think of better ways to navigate through the drugs issue. everybody knows, the
drug war as we have it is a huge failure and gustavo petro is one of the few sitting residents that recognises this and his calling on leaders of the global waste to do the same. it is going to be difficult if the resistance republican party enters into congress who want nothing to do with this at all. —— west. ﬁgs with this at all. -- west. as an outsider _ with this at all. —— west. as an outsider looking in, we refer of them as a former rebel. how is the perceived at home? izzy always tagged as that at home? he demobilised around 35 _ that at home? he demobilised around 35 years _ that at home? he demobilised around 35 years ago _ that at home? he demobilised around 35 years ago so - that at home? he demobilisedj around 35 years ago so i would leave that beside but colombia's people talk about his past as a rebel and as member of congress and a former man of bogota. he is a known
quantity but now he has had more power than before so there are many concerns about gustavo petro, his character being one of them. his very ambitious reform proposals being another but the fact he used to be and you said take up arms against the state 30 years ago is something we can move fast especially in a country that is trying to move towards peace and reconciliation. brute trying to move towards peace and reconciliation.— trying to move towards peace and reconciliation. we will see how he gets — and reconciliation. we will see how he gets on. _ and reconciliation. we will see how he gets on. thank- and reconciliation. we will see how he gets on. thank you - and reconciliation. we will see | how he gets on. thank you very much indeed. it's reported the israeli military has struck targets in gaza within minutes of a ceasefire coming into force between israel and palestinian militants. the truce, negotiated by egypt, was designed to end three days of violence in which 44 palestinians were killed, including 15 children. there'd been heavy rocket fire from the islamichhad group against israeli cities in retaliation for the killing of one of the movement's top
commanders in the bombardment of gaza. from jerusalem, our middle east correspondent, yolande knell, reports. a crush of grief for islamichhad's most powerful commander in gaza. "revenge," the mourners shout. and soon it came, the armed group firing barrages of rockets at israeli cities. the death of the veteran militant is a serious blow to the jihadist group. he was killed here with seven others in intense israeli bombing. "it was horrifying. "they targeted the house with five or six rockets," says this man, who lives nearby. "there were bodies on the ground." and today, the violence also reached jerusalem, as israeli nationalists visited its most disputed holy site for a jewish holiday.
israel's air defence system could be seen intercepting two palestinian rockets over the city, leaving trails of white smoke. israeli officials say they launched their military operation to prevent attacks by islamichhad on israeli civilians, that they had precise, detailed intelligence of its plans. but normal civilian life has been on hold in much of israel. this evening, warning sirens sent beach—goers in tel aviv rushing to air raid shelters. further south, that's become routine. we have to live with this situation. we have a shelter in our house. it's ten seconds to go there. and then we need to stay there ten minutes. after fighting since friday there are hopes that a ceasefire brokered by egypt will stick. but people here know that a truce is always temporary. yolande knell, bbc news.
stay with us on bbc news, still to come: we'll tell you why this volcano in iceland is causing such a stir. the big crowds became bigger as of the time of the funeral approached. as the lines of fans became longer, the police prepared for a huge job of crowd control. idi amin, uganda's brutal former dictator has died at the age of 80. he's been buried in saudi arabia, where he lived in exile since being overthrown in 1979. two billion people around the world have seen the last total eclipse
of the sun to take place in this millennium. it began its journey off the coast of canada, ending three hours later, when the sun set over the bay of bengal. this is bbc news. i'm david eades. the latest headlines: the us senate backsjoe biden�*s bill to fight climate change, channelling hundreds of billions of dollars towards ambitious clean energy goals. the first left—wing president in colombian history is sworn into office, calling for a fresh international strategy to deal with global drug trafficking. pregnant women, new mothers and their babies are being affected by acute shortages and a lack of basic services in afghanistan. it comes nearly one year on from the taliban takeover and with much foreign
funding suspended. to give birth in remote parts of the country means difficult journeys on makeshift roads, sometimes being turned away from hospital, sharing beds on wards, and little medicine. yogita limaye reports from badakhshan province in the north—east of afghanistan. some viewers may find this report distressing. in afg hanistan�*s maternity wards, women forced to endure unbearable suffering. groans no drugs to ease the pain. barely any resources for an emergency. only female staff are allowed here. they scramble around a woman in a serious condition. bibi sara's waters have broken too early. the only female doctor helps sara pull through. her baby is rushed
to critical care. there is a faint heartbeat but she isn't breathing. to treat the child, a male doctor is called in. these are crucial moments. after half an hour of intense efforts the baby girl is stable. doctors have told us she has a good chance of survival now. but they see scenes like this every single day here. it's also the middle of the day on a weekday when all of the staff were here. but there's just one female doctor and five nurses in an area that's home to more than 200,000 people. life is precarious here. a day later, before she could be named, the baby's condition worsened and they couldn't save her. one of too many such cases.
the number of newborns dying in badakhshan province has almost doubled since foreign funding to afghanistan was frozen last year. in this striking but harsh land, two decades of progress saving the lives of babies and mothers is in rapid decline. imagine taking a woman in labour on these roads. that's what this family had to do three weeks ago. abdul hafeez�*s wife and the mother of these two children died in a car, turned away from the local clinic, which wasn't equipped. zeinab was 38. "i feel like i've lost my whole life, i'm so lonely." she says "i've lost my main support. "without her, my life
is meaningless." in the neighbouring village, this man's sister was turned away from two medical facilities and died on the road to the third a few months ago. he's taken in her daughter, a five—year—old, whose father works in iran. translation: if we had proper clinics _ and good roads i would not have lost my sister. now what will happen to her daughter? he was hoping to get his sister to this facility, badakhshan�*s main hospital. better equipped than any other in the province, but overwhelmed. since foreign funds stopped they've had to reduce their beds by a third. in every cot there are at least two women.
staggering evidence here of how quickly the situation is unravelling. this room and another one next door is full of women who have miscarried. doctors tell us there are twice as many miscarriages this year than in 2021. stress and hunger are the main triggers. this woman tells me what she eats every day. translation: i drink tea - in the morning, tea for lunch, and for dinner we find something to cook and eat. we had no food the day this happened. i was going to our relatives' home to borrow some rice or flour. i started to feel weak and began to bleed. on the floor above, the number of premature babies also surging sharply. this boy was born at seven
months, still to be named. nurses and doctors are exhausted. and the taliban's bar on girls' secondary schools means no reinforcements are coming. a series of blows have been inflicted on afghan women in the past year. its collective impact nowhere more visible than in the country's maternity wards. yogita limaye, bbc news, badakhshan. live in afghanistan has been impacted so many ways in the course of the last year. all through this week we'll be looking at life under the taliban one year on. do keep an eye out on our features from afghanistan. let's get some of the day's other news. ukrainian nuclear authorities have accused moscow of committing an act of nuclear
terrorism by launching a new rocket attack on the zaporizhzhia power plant late on saturday. the operator of the plant said a russian rocket had landed close to a storage facility containing casks of spent nuclear fuel. russian forces occupy the site while ukrainian staff still operate it. russia has blamed ukrainian forces for attacks. specialist teams from mexico and venezuela have joined firefighters in cuba as they struggle to control a massive blaze at an oil facility in matanzas. more than a hundred specially trained personnel are involved in the effort, with planeloads of fire fighting chemicals. officials say around 5,000 people have now been evacuated from the area where two fuel tanks are burning uncontrollably. police in thailand have arrested the owner of a nightclub where 15 people died in a fire that broke out early on thursday. at least 30 others were injured. the police say the owner had turned himself in, and he's expected to face charges including causing death through recklessness. thai rescue teams say
they found the bodies of victims piled up near the exit, which eyewitnesses say was locked. now to an unusual tourist attraction in iceland. the fagradalsfjall volcano erupted last wednesday, but as it spews out lava and streams of molten rock tourists and locals have travelled to the site to view the spectacular show and, in some cases, to enjoy a picnic. onlookers described the experience as amazing and scary. nature is humbling, super exciting, and, yeah, it is a once—in—a—lifetime chance. we went to go hiking, so we ended up here having a picnic by a volcano. i bet there have been quite a
few selfies taken there. we have more pictures of that on the website as well. you are watching bbc news. hello there. there was a lot of dry, sunny, very warm weather over the weekend, certainly across england and wales. and that's just the taste of things to come, because as we move through this upcoming week, it's set to get very hot and sunny across parts of england and wales, a developing heatwave here. but even scotland and northern ireland will turn much warmer with plenty of sunshine. now, high pressure will keep control of the weather through this week, weather fronts always flirting with the northwest corner of scotland and will bring more cloud, breeze, outbreaks of rain. and then towards the end of the week, the area of high pressure will sit towards the east of the uk, and that will bring very warm southeasterly winds off the near continent. now, of course, we know it's been very dry last month across england and wales and we continue the dry theme into august. very little rain over the next few days for much of the country.
most of it will be falling across the north and the west of scotland. and there will be further splashes of rain across northwest scotland, over the northern and western isles, over the course of monday. more sunshine, though, for northern ireland, much of central, southern and eastern scotland. most of the sunshine, though, and warmth will be across england and wales. so we've got the low 20s across the north in the sunniest spots, the high 20s further south. we could be up to around 29 degrees in a few spots across the midlands and southern england. monday night, then, dry and clear for most, a bit of mist developing here and there. it'll stay cloudy and breezy across the north and west of scotland, further splashes of rain here. and temperatures will begin to creep up, 10—16 degrees will be the low. and as we move through the week, the nights will get warmer. so for tuesday, then, it's a fairly mild start to the day, plenty of sunshine across the country. again, the far north and west of scotland will see most of the breeze and the cloud. quite windy across the west highlands, into the western isles. 17 degrees here, the mid—20s further south, and we could be close to the 30 celsius mark across parts of
england and wales. until wednesday, i think a sunnier picture across much of scotland and northern ireland, that weather front just pushing to the northwest of the country. so we're up to around 2a, 25 degrees through central, southern scotland, up to 30 or 31 celsius across the midlands and the south wales, southern england. and it gets hotter across england and wales as we move towards the end of the week, perhaps up to the mid—30s in places. warm as well for scotland and northern ireland. don't forget, the nights will get much warmer as well.
this is bbc news. the headlines: the us senate has approved a landmark bill to fight climate change. the $430 billion bill will fund a range of measures to steer the us economy away from fossil fuels, with initiatives to boost electric car ownership and the use of solar energy. colombia's new left—wing president, gustavo petro, has called for a fresh international strategy to deal with global drug trafficking. in his inaugural speech, mr petro said that the current policy had led to the deaths of at least a million people across latin america. president biden has welcomed the announcement of a ceasefire agreement between israel and the palestinian militant group, islamichhad, which was brokered to end three days of hostilities.
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