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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 20, 2022 12:00pm-12:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. these are the latest headlines in the uk and around the world. sevastapol, the home of russia's black sea fleet in crimea, appears to have come under drone attack again. mexico's former attorney—general is arrested in connection with the disapppearance of 43 students eight years ago. human rights campaigners call for the immediate release of a saudi student jailed for 3h years over critical tweets. the widow of the basketball legend kobe bryant tells a court of her devastation by leaked photos of a crash that killed her husband and daughter and six others. more travel disruption on train lines across the uk as thousands of rail workers go on strike for the second time in three days over pay and working conditions.
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despite a year—long family feud, the coronation of a new king of the zulu nation is taking place in south africa, the first such event in 50 years. hello and welcome if you're watching in the uk or around the world. the home of russia's black sea fleet in crimea, sevastapol, has once again come under drone attack, the latest in a series over the past few days. these pictures appear to show what the russian—installed regional head said was a ukrainian drone being shot down over a naval headquarters, before falling onto the roof of the building.
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he said no damage had been done. several other drone attacks were reported overnight in crimea, including one at an airbase. meanwhile, russian president vladimir putin says un officials will be granted permission to visit and inspect the zaporizhzhia nuclear complex. the announcement came as claims of fighting near the plant continued, with four civilians reportedly injured by russian shelling. the plant at zaporizhzhia has been under russian occupation since early march. our correspondent hugo bachega has more from odesa. we haven't heard any details about how a possible visit from inspectors is likely to be organised, any timeline, but it seems russia has dropped its demand that inspectors should travel through russian —controlled territory. a proposal the ukrainians had rejected. rafael grossi, the head of the international atomic energy agency, has welcomed the news of a possible visit, and he said he was willing to lead a delegation himself.
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here in odesa, antonio guterres, the un chief, told me yesterday that it was a priority to allow international inspectors into the russian—controlled zaporizhzhia nuclear complex and also hinted at discrete diplomacy as perhaps the way forward to de—escalate tensions around this facility. yesterday more reports of shelling around the complex, the ukrainians say at least four civilians were injured after russian shelling. the ukrainians, for days, have accused the russians of turning this nuclear facility into a military base, using it as a shield to launch attacks against ukrainian targets, perhaps knowing the ukrainians are not likely to retaliate. russia rejects these allegations and says russian troops are protecting the plant. but this level of military activity has raised fears of a nuclear catastrophe, so any indication that international monitors will be allowed into the facility could suggest a de—escalation in this crisis.
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reports from the somali capital, mogadishu, say at least 10 people have been killed during the ongoing occupation of a hotel by islamist militants. gunshots. the assault on the hayat began with the detonation of at least two car bombs followed by a fierce gunfight. the islamist militant group, al—shabaab, says it is carrying out the attack. it's not clear how many gunmen are alive. dozens of people including many children were earlier rescued from the hotel. it is popular with government officials and politicians, and several are reported to have been wounded in the attack. the authorities in mexico have arrested the man who was serving as attorney—general when one of the country's worst human rights atrocities took place. jesus murillo is accused of forced disappearance, torture, and obstruction ofjustice —
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in relation to the case of 43 student teachers who went missing eight years ago. tim allman has this report. even in a country steeped in violence, this was a crime even in a country steeped in violence, this was a crime that shocked the nation. dozens of young men heading to a demonstration in mexico city simply vanished. all that was ever found was a few bone fragments from three of the student teachers. now the man who was, at one point, ultimately responsible for the investigation into their disappearance has himself been arrested. jesus murillo, attorney general under the former president, enrique pena nieto, had already faced criticism for errors in an earlier inquiry. he had blamed police and the drugs cartel, but not the armed forces. now he faces charges including torture and obstruction ofjustice. this comes only a day
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after a new truth commission set up to investigate the disappearance pointed the finger of blame at military personnel. the disappearance of the 43 students "constituted a state crime," said alejandro encinas, the head of the commission. "a crime which agents from various state institutions participated in." when the current president, andres manuel lopez obrador, took office four years ago, he promised to uncover the truth about what happened. now more than ever he still wants justice to be done. translation: punishment of those responsible helps to ensure that it l does not happen again. that such regrettable acts do not happen again in our country. for the families of the missing,
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the pain of the last eight years has been unimaginable. they will hope the truth is now closer than ever before. tim allman, bbc news. concerns are growing over a student from the university of leeds who's beenjailed for 34 years in saudi arabia for the way she used twitter. salma al—shehab, who is also a mother of two young children, was charged for following and retweeting dissidents when she returned to her home country for a holiday in 2021. she was initially sentenced to serve six years in prison but an appeals court later handed down the new sentence of 34 years. well, meanwhile, questions are still being asked about the controversial decision to sell a major boxing fight which takes place later today, to saudi arabia, in light of its human rights record. the british boxer, anthonyjoshua is hoping to regain his world heavyweight titles this weekend, in a rematch against the ukrainian fighter, oleksandr usyk. critics have accused saudi arabia
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of so—called �*sportswashing' to enhance its global reputation. let's talk more about this with simon chadwick, professor of sport and geopolitical economy at skema business school in paris. thanks for coming on the programme. thanks for coming on the programme. thank you for inviting me. do thanks for coming on the programme. thank you for inviting me.— thank you for inviting me. do you think this boxing _ thank you for inviting me. do you think this boxing match _ thank you for inviting me. do you think this boxing match should i thank you for inviting me. do youj think this boxing match should be taking place in saudi arabia? it’s taking place in saudi arabia? it's not reall taking place in saudi arabia? it�*s not really a case of whether i think it should or it shouldn't, it is, and that is a reflection of a country and government spending huge amounts of money, hundreds of billions of dollars on sport and attracting sporting events to the country and whether we like it or not, this is going to continue to happen and there is a 2030 vision in saudi arabia, and sport forms a significant part of delivering the country or leading the country to that vision, so it's notjust the joshua fight, we have a formula i joshua fight, we have a formula 1 grand prix and we have had the spanish super cup earlier this year
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and there are even talks or rumours that saudi arabia might bid notjust for the olympic games but also the winter olympic games, so saudi arabia is here to stay whether we like it or not. its arabia is here to stay whether we like it or not.— like it or not. its been accused of sorts like it or not. its been accused of sports washing- _ like it or not. its been accused of sports washing. can _ like it or not. its been accused of sports washing. can you - like it or not. its been accused of sports washing. can you explain l like it or not. its been accused of - sports washing. can you explain what that means?— that means? your leading into the interview was _ that means? your leading into the interview was interesting - that means? your leading into the interview was interesting because | that means? your leading into the i interview was interesting because we think about boxing and everything that goes with boxing on the razzmatazz and the big money and personality, and that is what i think saudi arabian officials will want to talk about, but you lead into that by talking about the arrest of the dissident and that in essenceis arrest of the dissident and that in essence is how sport washing is intended to work, by spending lots of money on sports events or buying teams or engaging in big sponsorships. what we are doing is talking about those kinds of things rather than the crimes and misdemeanours a country might otherwise be involved in. one expert we heard from earlier one was talking about the role of sports
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governing bodies and what their role is which is honestly an ethical one and up for debate about whether they should use negotiation tactics to say, for example, we will host our eventin say, for example, we will host our event in such a country provided you are welcoming to lgbt athletes or whatever it is. what you make of the role of different sports governing bodies in all of this? the important thing to keep in mind is that they are based in europe. and very often they are staffed by europeans and if you were to go to saudi arabia or somewhere like russia or china or other parts of the world they would say, hold on a minute, you are european institutions telling us what to do, so i think there is a need to recognise that the world of sport is a global world notjust a european world, but the way in which sport governs itself does need to change and those governing bodies have been relatively lethargic, if i can put it that way, in keeping pace
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with some of the changes taking place. you do have to think about if we take formula i as an example and the headquarters of the world governing body of motor sport is based in paris, europe and yet increasingly a lot of the money being invested into formula i is coming from places like saudi arabia, so saudi arabia is a title sponsor of formula i and through its public investment fund also has an investment in the aston martin formula i team and the mclaren formula i team and the mclaren formula i team and the mclaren formula i team, so we live in a very different world in 2022 than the one we lived in even in 2000 and i think sport governing bodies need to change and do things differently. it's a fascinating and tricky issue. simon chadwick, thank you for talking us through it. the widow of the basketball star kobe bryant, who was killed in a helicopter crash in 2020, has told a los angeles court how she was left devastated after discovering that photos of the accident had been
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taken and circulated. kobe bryant, his 13—year—old daughter gianna, and six family friends died in the crash. vanessa bryant is suing los angeles county for alleged negligence and invasion of privacy. our correspondent in la, peter bowes has been following the story. it was a short time afterwards that the los angeles times did a story that these photographs had been taken at the crash scene by members of the sheriffs department and firefighters. and it is through the media coverage of that that vanessa bryant actually found out about the existence of these photographs. now, last november, she and anotherfamily were offered a sum of money, $2.5 million, in compensation for the distress that was caused but she turned that down, preferring instead to bring this federal case, an invasion of privacy case,
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and we are now roughly about 50% of the way through that case and she, as you have reported, appeared on the witness stand just a short time ago. it was very emotional testimony, she was sobbing as she appeared, she said she was blindsided, she was devastated, she was hurt, and betrayed by the fact that these photographs had apparently not only been taken but distributed amongst the colleagues of those people who took them. and she says that she lives in fear that one day they will pop up in social media. now, so far in this case we haven't heard the defence for los angeles county but i understand that one of their arguments may well be that this was an accident scene and during the normal course of events of an investigation, photographs are taken, and that in fact none have appeared in social media, none have appeared on the internet. we will get more detail about that when the defence presents its case through its lawyers next week.
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writers have gathered in new york in solidarity with the author sir salman rushdie, who was seriously injured when he was stabbed on stage, one week ago. the 75—year—old has faced death threats for many years, over his novel "the satanic verses". our north america correspondent, nada tawfik, has the latest. new york has been sir salman rushdie's home for the past decade and a half. as he lies in hospital on the road to recovery, the literary community here is still reeling from the attack on his life and the attack on his freedom to write. salman, my dear old friend... in a show of support, authors gathered on the steps of the public library to read aloud passages from his body of work, including the controversial novel the satanic verses, viewed by some muslims as blasphemous, as well as books such as midnight's children, his memoir, joseph anton, and the golden house. i crawled before i could walk.
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i walked before i could run. the organisers hope this rally raises sir salman�*s spirits. they say he knows it has taken place and intended to watch. equally, they hope this is a galvanising moment and that others stand up to fight for freedom of speech. amanda foreman, a british biographer and historian, wasn't surprised to hear that the suspected attacker hadn't read the satanic verses beyond a page or two. freedom of expression isn't easy, it's not simple. it's highly problematic. people do get offended. terrible things are sometimes said. this is not a perfect society, and freedom of expression is not a perfect principle, but it's the best one we have, and if we are frightened, if we are silent, then the bullies and the silencers have won. chanting: censorship has got to go! the demonstration today is reminiscent of another held in 1989 after iran's ayatollah issued a religious ruling calling
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for sir salman�*s death. writers then also stood up for the indian—born british author and criticised stores that refused to carry his novel. but how much has changed since then? so much of our public discourse now happens in the digital arena. we face online harassment, the viral spread of disinformation. here in the united states, we're dealing with a pandemic of book bans and curriculum bans in higher education across the country. so, it's a different environment. it's also the case, i think, in 1989, you would have thought an attack like this on us soil was really unheard of. sir salman�*s friends and colleagues hope this will be a watershed moment for free speech, and they say they look forward to hearing his voice again soon. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. chanting: stand with salman! michael gove has announced his support for rishi sunak in the conservative leadership contest. writing in the times, the former cabinet minister criticised mr sunak�*s rival,
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liz truss, saying she appeared to be taking a "holiday from reality" with her plans to cut tax, rather than give direct payments to struggling households. she has previously argued that high taxes are "potentially choking off economic growth". earlier i spoke to our political correspondent helen catt who told me that mr gove has been very critical of liz truss's policies. michael gove says he is deeply concerned that the framing of the leadership debate by many has been a holiday from reality that the answer to the cost of living crisis is not to reject further hand—outs and cut tax and instead he believes that rishi sunak has the right approach to tackling the cost of living. this is certainly a helpful intervention for team rishi sunak. michael gove is a big figure in uk politics and has been for more than a decade now and is seen as a serious politician, a serious thinker, so for him to come out and back rishi sunak�*s policies is helpful and is helpful
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at this point as well, because we've seen in recent weeks people who were backing rishi sunak publicly switch their support away to liz truss, so it is good for rishi sunak�*s campaign in those terms that they have a big figure coming out for them now. however, i don't think it's really a surprise to anyone that michael gove gave his backing rishi sunak over liz truss, so in terms of this being one of those things that can shift a contest and move it in a different direction, this is not one of those interventions, i don't think. just to be clear, that is because at the moment, liz truss, as far as we know is way ahead in the polls. and she has been consistently through the contest. there's been a series of polls, and the usual caveats apply, and it's tricky to get accurate polls in this contest because you're looking at a very small group comparatively of conservative members, not the whole electorate. that said, the polls have consistently given her a large lead, the most recent this week put her at about 32 points ahead of rishi sunak.
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so the lead has seemed to be pretty big and pretty strong throughout this whole contest, so i think the feeling certainly is that it is most likely to be liz truss. passengers are experiencing more severe disruption across the uk's rail network today as more than 40,000 workers go on strike. it's the sixth day of walk—outs so far this summer, in an ongoing dispute over pay, jobs and conditions. network rail says only a fifth of its services will be running as normal. our correspondent, sanchia berg is at euston station. what is happening now? as you can robabl what is happening now? as you can probably see. _ what is happening now? as you can probably see, euston _ what is happening now? as you can probably see, euston station - what is happening now? as you can probably see, euston station is - what is happening now? as you canj probably see, euston station is now far busier than it was first thing this morning. there are fewer services than usual over the course of the whole day and what that means
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is it's quite busy now and trains are going to stop after 4p this afternoon, so far earlier than usual. euston is the hub station for people travelling from the capital up people travelling from the capital up to the north—west of england and into scotland, so here you have people trying to get to glasgow, edinburgh, crewe, liverpool, and the people i spoke to hurley said they had managed to organise their journeys, though they were a bit disrupted and whilst some people looked stressed and anxious about what was going to work out later today, a number of people said they were still sympathetic to the strikers. they understood that they were striking over the cost of living, the pay and conditions under which they work and when we spoke to the unions earlier they also said that they felt an awful lot of public sympathy and also thought there was no end in sight for the strikes, so it looks like there could be more scenes like this over
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the course of the summer, quieter stations than the one behind me right at the moment, but that does look set to continue and the department for transport said the unions had inflicted misery on misery —— on millions in particular he said this was stopping a—level students from having a proper celebration this weekend. the coronation of a new king of the zulu people is taking place in the royal palace in the south african town of nongoma. thousands of guests are attending the ceremony. our correspondent nomsa maseko is there. there has been a lot of legal challenges, public spats, some even embarrassing in the lead—up to today's traditional coronation, but three different factions will have been putting up their preferred candidates about who they think deserves to be heir to the throne. but today the man known as king misuzulu ka zwelithini
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will be officially coronated. at his late mother is home, in the royal palace. the significance is even though the king does not hold any political powers, he does have a lot of influence because a fifth of a south african citizens are zulus. about 11 million of those. so it means that if anything happens, he needs to be involved in whatever government decisions are made so that he is able to speak to his people so that they can be making sure there is social cohesion in this country. he is not the only king though that is recognised. there are others including some in the north of africa. it's been one year since the taliban took control of afghanistan. to show solidarity, people across the uk and europe are taking up the ancient afghan tradition of kite—flying. organisers want the kite festivals
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to remind the world of the freedoms which have been lost in afghanistan — and the help its people still need. megan paterson reports. on a hillside in bradford, naweet shows off his kite—flying skills, learnt in his homeland afghanistan, a tradition stretching back hundreds of years, a little piece ofjoy from a place he had to flee. what is it like flying the kites here today? it looks like you really enjoyed doing it. translation: i truly en'oyed it today, it took me h back to my memories, it really felt like i went back to afghanistan, to the same location, it felt as if the same kite, the same experience, i really enjoyed it, it took me back to afghanistan, i felt i am there. the delicate art of making and then flying a traditional afghan kite is being celebrated today with events across the uk, europe, and america, a skill passed down through generations, a key part of many special occasions.
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and when you would make kites like this in afghanistan, would you sit around with your family and do it with your friends? with friends, of course. you should make it with friends, with partners. because we need people to help us make it. yes, it is not a one—handed job, you need a couple of pairs of hands. that looks a bit rough around the edges. is that all right? yeah, that's fine, that's fine. aljaz, my very patient teacher moved to bradford injanuary. living in temporary hotel accommodation, leading the kite—making workshops has helped him make sense and share his own story. i myself, i enjoy teaching other people how to make kites and how to fly kites and telling them about our culture and tell them how we make kites and how we send messages to other people through kite flying. i can tell, when you talk about it, your whole face lights up, you clearly love doing this, what is it like being able to do it here in bradford and share it with other people? it is amazing because you share parts of your culture to other people and you tell them your stories about kite flying. you share your feelings, how you feel when you fly kites, when you make kites,
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so that is really amazing. during the taliban's first period of control in afghanistan, kite flying was banned. the fly with me festival organisers hope the event will remind people of the freedoms lost in the last year and the help still needed. it has been a year since the taliban took over afghanistan and people were forced to flee, and there is a humanitarian crisis happening over there, the culture is under threat, music has already been banned, women are denied an education, people are dying from starvation. and nobody really talks about that any more, it was in the news in the beginning and then we kinda forgot about it. so, we just wanted to remind our government and the world to remember afghans and to remember afghanistan. my kite made, it is safe to say i will not be much competition for the professionals. how challenging is the wind here, compared to in afghanistan? it is very challenging here because the wind is very strong here. it needs a bit more
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skill to control it. a skill i don't think i have! there we go, a bit close to the trees! the first flight didn't go too well, we have a kite casualty here, there was a lot of spin in the air, a bit of height and then a crash. so, my first kite has not survived very long so we will give it another try. the kite—flying festival is raising money for afghan aid, supporting women in rural afghanistan, everyone welcome to take part, share their stories and experiences, helping those without such simple freedoms. megan paterson, bbc news, bradford. we pause there as we said goodbye to our international viewers watching around the world. there are fears that the cost of living crisis will make it easier for criminals to recruit children into drug dealing and violence. youth workers are concerned that
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as families fall into poverty, more young people could be exploited by so—called county lines gangs. zoe o'brien has the story. do you know what? it's the money. it is easy money. money, money, money. it starts with the promise of family, of quick cash and fast cars. to some young people, the draw is irresistible. but the reality of being in a county lines gang is very different. i've been attacked. i've attacked people. i have been stabbed twice. i was carrying crack cocaine. about five grand's worth. you have to be cold when you're out on the streets because that's how the streets are. i wasn't going to do it for the rest of my life. let's just say that. and i wanted out. ijust didn't want to end up dead. jordan — not his real name — sold drugs across essex and cambridge. he was recruited by his friends. he saw it as helping them. six months ago, he left the gang, but he still sees others being drawn in. everyone gets involved in it. it can be like family
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matters at home. you know what i mean, someone could could even be walking down the road. and if you haven't got a lot of money at the time, someone could criticise you like about look at the shoes he's wearing. he needs a haircut, he needs this, he needs that. that's real talk. and i wasn't going to be, i wasn't going to be pinpointed like that. refocus, a crime and gangs intervention charity, say that's directly linked to family finances. it's got easier for county line gangs. it's kind of like the best time to be doing the crimes that they're doing because people are more willing to consider earning money illegally. police are now changing tactics. they're targeting areas where vulnerable children gather, closing in on recruiters. it's very difficult to sometimes identify the exploiters, but what we're doing is working a lot with partner agencies. every service is stretched. officers agree as family finances decline, drugs gangs' chances of recruiting rise. some of these children
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come from nothing. so obviously when they get a lot of money in their pocket, they think they're brilliant. they think they're, you know, friends. and due to the cost of living, young people are getting more involved in criminal activity to get that quick money. this team, which the force hopes to expand, say bringing down adults is their best chance of saving vulnerable youths. developing intelligence and understanding the methods that these exploiters may use. and once we get an understanding of that, we can utilise some good police tactics to identify and disrupt and hopefully prosecute them people. nowjordan is working with refocus. he says he's seen the county lines image is a lie, that it's never worth the risk. county lines, i'll be honest with you, is probably the worst thing you could get yourself involved in. offices and charities are dedicated every day to pulling children out of county lines and preventing
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new recruitment in east anglia. but now they fear the draw of drug gangs as the cost of living crisis deepens. zoe o'brien, bbc news. now it's time for a look at the weather with ben rich. hello. there will be places that stay dry through the rest of today with some lengthy spells of sunshine. but in other spots, some blustery winds and some quite heavy thundery downpours, particularly along the line of a weather front. this narrow band of rain pushing out of southern scotland and northern ireland into the far north of england could be the odd flash of lightning, the odd rumble of thunder, some heavy thundery showers into northwest scotland. quite windy out there for many. highest temperatures across eastern england, up to 25, maybe 26 degrees. through this evening and tonight, this band of rain will sink its way south tending to break apart, but still the potential for the odd sharp shower in north wales, the north midlands. by the end of the night, more showers into north west scotland, dry elsewhere with lows between ten and 15 degrees. now, tomorrow across
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northern ireland, scotland, the far north of england, it should stay mostly sunny


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