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tv   Newsday  BBC News  September 1, 2022 12:00am-12:31am BST

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welcome to newsday, reporting live from singapore, the headlines. un inspectors arrive in the southern ukrainian city of zaporizhzhia, on a mission to prevent a nuclear accident at the russian held power plant. my mission is a technical mission, that seeks to prevent a nuclear accident. the un releases its long—awaited report on alleged human rights abuses against uighur muslims in china. no end in sight to the floods sweeping across pakistan — the rising waters turning roads into rivers in the worst—affected areas. as the tributes continue, preparations are being made for the funeral of mikhail gorbachev, the last
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leader of the soviet union. and we talk to the child refugee from ghana who's now at the summit of britain's fashion journalism. hello and welcome to the programme. russia has been accused of shelling a town near the zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in ukraine, where a team from the un nuclear watchdog is expected on thursday. the plant, which was taken by russia in march sits on the banks of the dnieper river, 200 kilometres from crimea, which it annexed in 2014. our correspondent james waterhouse has the latest from kyiv.
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the chances of international inspectors making it to the zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant were once remote. they are now looking a lot more promising or probable. at the moment, they are in the city of zaporizhzhia, a good hour and a half from the plant itself, but there are still bends in the road. moscow—installed officials say they don't yet have the right permissions to make it through their own military checkpoints. in their words, they will have to get in the queue with everyone else. the iaea chief rafael grossi has laid out what he wants to achieve. my mission is a technical mission that seeks to prevent a nuclear accident. it will preserve the biggest nuclear power plant in europe. not only in ukraine. this is what we are concentrating on. for ukraine, the hope
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is that this is the first step towards demilitarisation, towards russians backing out from the site completely. that is looking remote, but the optimism seems to be remaining. it should be a step to demilitarise the station, because it's really important. also very important goal, from our view, the mission could speak to the staff, to get the real information, not russian information, but real information of what is inside. once they arrive, the iaea say they want to speak to staff, check the physical integrity of the site with the six nu clear rea cto i’s . there is a lot they want to do, but crucially, moscow has hinted its own approval of the very idea of inspectors staying there permanently,
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something the iaea would would have a stabilising effect on an area that has seen almost daily shelling since the start of this month, with both sides blaming each other. meanwhile, further along in the south, the ukrainian counter—offensive seems to be continuing around the city of kherson, the first major city to fall in this invasion. the claim from kyiv, the russians are suffering heavy losses, claims which are difficult to verify at this stage, but they are racing against time. the gains are minimal for the ukrainians but they are looking to demonstrate to the west that they can use their weapons to great effect, to battle waning interest going forward, but also they want to reclaim the city and the surrounding region before the russians stage sham referendums in the attempt to try and legitimise their occupation and portray the very idea that kherson wants to be part of russia.
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a long—delayed un report says serious human rights abuses have been committed in the chinese region of xinjiang against uighur muslims. it also found that allegations of torture and sexual abuse during what china calls vocational education and training are credible. beijing, which saw the report in advance, dismissed it as a farce. i'm joined now by dr adrian zenz, who back in 2018 was the origional recipient of a leaked trove of files detailing abuses by chinese police in xinjiang. he is seniorfellow in china studies at the victims of communism memorial foundation. what is your take of the study so far? . , ., ., so far? there have been a lot of concerns — so far? there have been a lot of concerns about _ so far? there have been a lot of concerns about this - so far? there have been a lotj of concerns about this report. michelle bachelet�*s visit was a complete disaster. the chinese
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propaganda, what she did, it was a photo op for china and her visit was called a whitewash. so there was a lot of concern surrounding this report. i have to say, given all the concern, the report is really quite decent, with a strong focus on arbitrary detention. it takes into account a lot of the evidence and the research. and in the conclusion, it so there are serious human rights violations taking place in the region. and most importantly, the report does say that beijing's actions constitute crimes against humanity. constitute crimes against humanity-— constitute crimes against humani .~ ., ., , . humanity. what do you expect the reaction _ humanity. what do you expect the reaction globally _ humanity. what do you expect the reaction globally to - humanity. what do you expect the reaction globally to be? i humanity. what do you expect | the reaction globally to be? we have seen some of these reports before, but is there any real repercussion for china? i think for china this _ repercussion for china? i think for china this is _ repercussion for china? i think for china this is potentially - for china this is potentially very dangerous. governments have been cautious on the subject, also because the
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evidence came from witnesses and researchers, but there was also countries who are trying to stay neutral, not wanting to be seen as offending beijing. but now this report, precisely because michelle bachelet was not a china hawk, it is seen as a very neutral piece of research, a very independent peace. in that respect, it's going to become dangerous for beijing over time. there is not going to be an immediate fallout, i don't think. we understand _ fallout, i don't think. we understand this - fallout, i don't think. we understand this report was actually done months ago, so why was there a delay in publishing it? i understand that the un _ publishing it? i understand that the un was _ publishing it? i understand that the un was waiting i publishing it? i understand| that the un was waiting for michelle bachelet to be able to visit and see xinjiang herself. i don't think of is really helped very much, and my first glance at the report doesn't really show that her visit influenced the report significantly, which is a good thing. the report is mainly
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based on methodology that was pioneered by researchers based on the chinese government's loan documents. beijing gave feedback, very extensive feedback, very extensive feedback, which the ohc are then felt it needed to integrate and that further delayed the publication of the report. —— which the unhcr felt it needed to integrate. inaudible question. so far i've not seen big surprises. i'm pleased to see some of the latest crucial information from inside the xinjiang police computers feature quite significantly in the report, which is very important. substantially focused on violation of religious rights, and other sections on forced labour and population optimisation or sterilisation... a little shorter and weaker in my opinion, not quite as good, but
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no, i don't think we can say the report contains anything unusual as far as i can tell. thank you forjoining us. let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines. the us food and drug administration has authorized updated covid—i9 booster shots from pfizer and moderna. they target the dominant omicron sub—variants. the american government is now preparing for an autumn vaccination campaign that could begin in the next few days. the us centers for disease control�*s panel of experts meets tomorrow to consider a final recommendation. the jury in the trial of former manchester united footballer ryan giggs has been discharged after failing to reach verdicts on any of the three charges he faced. giggs was accused of using controlling and coercive behaviour, and assaulting his ex—partner. he has denied the charges. kenya's supreme court has begun hearing a challenge to the election of william ruto as the
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country's new president. lawyers for his rival, the opposition leader raila odinga, argue there were problems with the vote count and the electoral process. life expectancy in the united states has fallen to its lowest level since 1996, driven largely by the covid—19 pandemic. government data shows the average american is now expected to live just over 76 years, compared to 79 only a few years ago. the fall in life expectancy is particularly pronounced among native americans and alaska natives. it's thought the funeral of former soviet union president mikhail gorbachev will take place on saturday, but russia has so far refused to confirm whether the 91—year—old will be afforded a full state funeral. and whilst there have been many tributes from many global
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leaders past and present, many russians still blame him for the years of turmoil that ensued. our russia editor, steve rosenberg, has been getting reaction to gorbachev�*s death in moscow. for a man who has made such a huge impact, a tiny memorial. mikhail gorbachev may have helped to end the cold war, but in russia, there is no major outpouring of grief at his passing. instead, this on russian state tv. the presenter claims its the enemies of russia — in other words, the west — that have been praising mr gorbachev. and veiled criticism from the kremlin — a spokesperson says that gorbachev had been badly wrong about the prospect of better relations with the bloodthirsty west. many russians blame mikhail gorbachev for the collapse of the soviet empire — something president putin
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calls the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century. today, vladimir putin sent a telegram to mikhail gorbachev�*s family expressing his condolences. but these two leaders are polar opposites. gorbachev was someone who tried to open up his country, give people more freedom, freedom of speech, freedom to criticise the authorities. under vladimir putin, critical voices are being silenced. i don't know when... but how much do russians care? some of mr gorbachev�*s closest allies are starting to wonder. all of us perhaps overestimated the attractiveness of democratic ideas and the attractiveness of the ideas of human rights and rule of law to quite a few people in russia. apparently there are many people in this country for whom these values are irrelevant. as for gorbachev�*s legacy, that is being destroyed
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by the invasion of ukraine, renewed east—west tension and by the kremlin's crackdown on its opponents. some here believe that today's problems are gorbachev�*s fault. "he failed to stop the fall of the ussr, says victor, "that was a huge mistake." marina says, "i respected him. to me, he was hope and freedom." his supporters hope that one day russians will come to see that mikhail gorbachev was a force for good for their country and for the world. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. in a break with tradition, queen elizabeth will officially appoint the new british prime minister at the balmoral estate in scotland, where she's been taking her summer break. boris johnson's successor will be announced on monday. it was previously suggested the queen would interrupt her
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stay at balmoral to meet with the new prime minister. but circumstances have changed, with the palace saying clarity now would help with time planning — as our royal correspondent nicholas witchell explains. up until now, every one at the queen's prime ministers has been appointed by her here at buckingham palace. it's one of her prerogative powers, not done on the advice of ministers, and by convention, she invites the leader of the largest party in the house of commons to form a government. this time it will be different, it will take place at balmoral, as you've said, and the reason for that, of course, is to do with her health. now, we know that buckingham palace is extremely circumspect about any issue concerning her health. all it will say is that there are the mobility issues that we encountered during thejubilee and there is a need for all the participants to have certainty about the arrangements next week. so, next tuesday, the 6th of september, borisjohnson will be at balmoral where he will tender his resignation as prime minister, and moments later, either liz truss
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or rishi sunak — who by then, of course, will have been elected leader of the conservative party — will have an audience with the queen and she will invite them to form a government. they will become the 15th prime minister of her reign. they will then return to london, appoint a cabinet and set up their government. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: schools in shanghai welcome back pupils for the first time since they closed their doors in march. we'll be talking to one teacher about what the new term looks like under ongoing covid restrictions. she received the nobel peace prize for her work with the poor and the dying in india's slums. the head of the catholic church said mother teresa was a wonderful example of how to help people in need. we have to identify the bodies, then arrange the coffins and take them back home.
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parents are waiting, and wives are waiting. hostages appeared — some carried, some running — trying to escape the nightmare behind them. britain lost a princess today. described by all to whom she i reached out as "irreplaceable", an early morning car crash| in a paris underpass ended a life with more than its share of pain and courage, - warmth and compassion. this is newsday on the bbc. our headlines. a united nations team of inspectors has arrived
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in the southern ukrainian city of zaporizhzhia, ahead of a visit to the nearby russian—held nuclear power plant. moscow and ukraine blame each other for recent shelling of the area. a long—awaited report from the united nations has found that china has committed serious human rights violations against uighur muslims in the xinjiang region. international aid agencies are struggling to help hundreds of thousands of people displaced by deadly floods in pakistan. flash floods and landslides along the indus and kabul rivers have left more than 1,000 dead and 1,600 injured, with the southern districts of balochistan and sindh worst—affected. the un is calling the floods in pakistan "a monsoon on steroids" as flood waters continue to rise in some areas. among those seeking to help the pakistani people, is film star mehwish hayat.
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launching a global appeal, she explained the aid priorities. in any way people can help, food and water. they need safe places to sleep, and everything, their livelihood it had gone. i think it's literally starting from scratch for the people affected. millions of people out there who don't have a voice, i'm speaking on behalf of these people, and we need to restart their lives. anything from clothes to medical aid to drinking water to food to shelter the clothes, you name it and they need it. students in shanghai are about to return to school —
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the first time since march — after a rise in covid—19 cases sent the city into a strict lockdown. teachers and students will have to comply with strict measures such as daily testing and temperature checks. i'm joined now byjimmy crain, who is a teacher in the city. his students are coming back to the classroom this week. thank you forjoining us. what exactly is the thing you are looking forward to the most? i'm looking forward most to having clinton the classroom. —— to having kids in the classroom. it's going to be great to have them in the class finally. great to have them in the class finall . ~ ., , finally. what exactly has it been like _ finally. what exactly has it been like to _ finally. what exactly has it been like to be _ finally. what exactly has it been like to be teaching i finally. what exactly has it - been like to be teaching these students virtually?— been like to be teaching these students virtually? well, when kids are virtual, _ students virtually? well, when kids are virtual, they _ students virtually? well, when kids are virtual, they are - students virtually? well, when kids are virtual, they are not . kids are virtual, they are not paying attention as much. you know, it's difficult to get people attentive, in the mood to learn. so i'm just so
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looking forward to being in the classroom. looking forward to being in the classroom-— classroom. what exactly are our bi classroom. what exactly are your big concerns? - classroom. what exactly are your big concerns? have - classroom. what exactly are | your big concerns? have you classroom. what exactly are - your big concerns? have you got any sense of how far they may have fallen behind? you said it's challenging to keep their attention... it's challenging to keep their attention. . ._ it's challenging to keep their attention... well, i feel some of them have _ attention... well, i feel some of them have fallen _ attention... well, i feel some of them have fallen behind, l attention... well, i feel some l of them have fallen behind, but we have worked on a one—on—one basis virtually to keep them at that level. so i'm hoping they will have the skills to advance to the next level in their studies. i teach grade six, seven and eight. hoping they will be ready to go. i seven and eight. hoping they will be ready to go.— will be ready to go. i know there are _ will be ready to go. i know there are a _ will be ready to go. i know there are a battery - will be ready to go. i know there are a battery of- will be ready to go. i know| there are a battery of tests they have to go through, temperatures taken before they can enter the school. what happens if one of them or any of the faculty have covid? what is the plan? we of the faculty have covid? what is the plan?— is the plan? we do have contingency _ is the plan? we do have contingency plans. - is the plan? we do have contingency plans. if.
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is the plan? we do have - contingency plans. if someone gets diagnosed, they are going to isolate the entire class, probably send them home for at least two weeks, rapid pcr testing of course. in the meantime, that's why we are on a 2k hour testing schedule right now, so we can isolate and hopefully maintain their zero covid policy here. i’m zero covid policy here. i'm curious — zero covid policy here. i'm curious about _ zero covid policy here. i'm curious about the - zero covid policy here. i'm curious about the board behind you. is that something you added during covid or is it something you have had all along? something you have had all alon: ? �* , , something you have had all alonu? �*, , ., along? it's something i used to keep attention. _ along? it's something i used to keep attention. i— along? it's something i used to keep attention. i have - along? it's something i used to keep attention. i have an - keep attention. i have an electronic screen over here, but i like to alternate between the electronic screen and writing things out. i find if i mix it up a bit, it helps the kids focus a little more and keep their attention. jimmy,
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thank you — keep their attention. jimmy, thank you so _ keep their attention. jimmy, thank you so much _ keep their attention. jimmy, thank you so much for- keep their attention. jimmy, | thank you so much forjoining us and best of luck. thank you so much for “oining us and best of luck._ thank you so much for “oining us and best of luck. thank you so much- _ now to the inspirational story of edward enninfull. born in ghana, but since 2017, he's been at the summit of fashionjournalism. he's the editor in chief of british vogue, challenging convention at every turn making far more space in the magazine for black and older women. he's been speaking to our media editor amol rajan. edward enninful is an unlikely figure at the summit of international fashion and media. the editor of british vogue came to this country from ghana as a teenager seeking asylum. black, working class, gay, and beset with several long—term health conditions, enninful has tried to use his platform to challenge convention. for years, there was a very narrow idea of what a fashion model should be. itjust didn't make sense to me, business—wise or culturally, not to reflect
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the world we lived in. he has raised the profile of british vogue, featuring more black and older women. you came of age at a similar time in fashion to people like naomi campbell and kate moss. i mean, i met kate when i was 16 and she was 1a and we went to a casting, and i remember she walked in and the... she literally charmed the whole room. naomi always thought she was going to be a star from when she was a baby. you know, they really are who they are. authentic. enninful has tackled alcohol problems and depression. his father kicked him out of the family home for choosing fashion over the law. the pair didn't speak for 15 years. when you went to really dark places, how bad did it get before you came through? i mean, it got very bad because, imagine, here i was, you know, i lost one home, which was africa, you know, came to england, then i lost a second home when i was kicked out, and then i went into the gay scene thinking i'd found my tribe and,
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again, so many rejections. you've had four eye operations. i never had good eyesight anyway, i always had sort of —10 glasses, and i had four retinal detachments, four surgeries, each time meant three weeks staring at the ground. but what i also learned from the period, you don't need perfect vision to create. rumours abound that he is the favourite to succeed anna wintour, another brit, as the editor of american vogue. all i can tell you is i'm so happy doing what i'm doing right now, working with british vogue, also overseeing other european vogues. it would still be a pretty good job, wouldn't it? have you talked to anna? that's not fair. a penguin at san diego zoo in california has been fitted with orthopaedic shoes. meet lucas, a four—year—old south african penguin
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with a degenerative foot condition known as bumblefoot. the therapy boots, made from soft rubber and fitted via velcro, stop lucas from limping on his left foot. wildlife specialists at the zoo say he can now climb rocks, nest and swim in comfort. but he'll always need his therapy shoes. another sign that the world is getting back to normal after the covid pandemic. the return of this very messy festival in spain. it's the tomatina event — held in bunyol — and features thousands of people throwing more than 100 tonnes of ripe tomatoes at each other. it was cancelled in 2020 and 2021 due to the coronavirus — the first times it wasn't held since tomatoes started to be thrown in 191t5. the tomatina styles itself as the world's biggest food fight — you can see why.
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that's all for now.stay with bbc world news. hello. as we turn the weather page from summer to autumn, it looks like nature is taking its cue, as well. big changes this weekend — there could be a bit of thundery rain around across much of the uk. not everyone will see it and potentialfor some strong winds, as well. the weather charts really scream autumn. area of low pressure which will develop around that, bands of heavy and thundery rain, and potentially little smaller areas of low pressure within it, which could bring bouts of even stronger winds. complete contrast to what we've got out there tonight. into the morning, lightest winds across the northern half of the country, lowest of the temperatures down to 2—3 celsius. a bit more breezy to start the day in the south, 15—16 as we start the morning. could be a few distant rumbles of thunder towards the channel islands, maybe an isolated shower towards kent, too. most will be dry, a few showers
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in northeast england — but through the day, southern areas of england, wales, more cloud will develop and a few isolated showers of thunderstorms are likely. vast majority dry with the sunshine out, it's lighter winds — going to feel a bit warmer as we go through thursday, particularly so in scotland and northern ireland. into thursday evening and overnight, those showers and thunderstorms will break out a little bit more widely across the southern counties of england and wales. still very much well—scattered, hit and miss, many places staying dry, but it will start to feel a bit more humid and not quite as chilly across scotland and northern ireland either, to take us into friday. so this is the chart for friday — still some showers and thunderstorms around across the south, one or two showers breaking out elsewhere through the day, could be the odd sharp one, too. more likely, though, across parts of western scotland and northern ireland through the afternoon. the breeze picking up across northern scotland, compared with what we've seen through recent days, but a warm and humid one in the sunny spells, even though there's a bit more cloud — temperatures 20—25. biggest changes will come this weekend — could see a zone of showery, thundery rain from southwest
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scotland, northern ireland, through towards east anglia. dry to the north of it with some strong winds, clearer slots to the south of it with some sunshine at times, but more in the way of heavy, thundery rain out in the west later. and the winds will be a feature on saturday to the west of the country, and more especially in the north — northwest scotland could see winds touch gale force at times. here, temperatures for saturday nice enough when the sun shines out — going to feel cooler, though, and the wind and where you have the rain. and, as i said, potential for more rain to come not just through sunday, but into monday, and any of these areas of low pressure that spin up, whilst a bit of uncertainty around them, they could bring some strong winds, too.
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this is bbc news. will have the headlines and all them many new stories for you at the top of the hour as newsday continues, straight after hardtalk. welcome to a special edition of hardtalk from berlin, with me, stephen sackur. this city is currently marking the 25th anniversary of the fall of the berlin wall, that extraordinary moment which symbolised the beginning of the end of the communist system and the end of the cold war. well, my guest today is this man — mikhail gorbachev,
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the former president of the soviet union,


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