tv Outside Source BBC News September 26, 2022 7:00pm-8:00pm BST
hello, i'm maryam moshiri, this is outside source. the global markets react to the uk prime minister's economic plans — the cost of government borrowing soars and the pound plunges to an all time low against the dollar. the bank of england says it won't hesitate to raise interest rates to stabilise the currency. in italy, jojo maloney claims victory and. we have a special report on the struggle for survival on ukraine's front line. in the last few minutes we have been hearing incoming
and outgoing shells, every 30 seconds or so. it really doesn't stop. and science fiction made reality as nasa plans to try to divert an asteroid by crashing a rocket into it. we start in the uk — where the bank of england says it won't hesitate to take action to control inflation, after the pound slumped to an all time low against the dollar. take a look at this chart from this morning's asia trading. at one point sterling fell to $1.03 — the lowest since 1971 — though it's since recovered slightly. there's been speculation that the bank of england may announce an emergency hike in rates to control rising prices. for the moment, that hasn't happened. well there's lots to unpack. first — to understand what's happening today — we must go back to friday and to this annoucement in parliament. i can announce today that we will
catch the basic rate of income tax to 19p, in april 2020 three, one year early. that means a tax cut for over 31 million people injust a few months�* time. that was chancellor kwasi kwarteng announcing the biggest tax cuts since 1972 and huge increases in borrowing. under the plan he scrapped the uk's top rate of income tax and cancelled a planned rise in corporate taxes — in a bid to boost economic growth. that same day, the pound fell to $1.09 against the dollar. then on sunday the chancellor said he'd go even further. there's more to come, we have only been here 19 days. i want to see over the next year people retain more of their income, because i believe it is the british people that are going to drive this economy. so that was sunday. 0vernight, the pound sank to its lowest level against the dollar. so, markets are rattled.
here's the head of foreign exchange strategy at rabobank — on why. we had a budget on friday in which we saw a lot of tax cuts. but unfortunately that means that the government will have to issue an awful lot more debt, and that is something which the market is finding it difficult to swallow. uk fundamentals right now, a lot of debt, high inflation and that is something the investors just don't like. and we have a current account deficit, meaning we are reliant on foreign investors to fund that, and if they don't like the fundamentals that they see, well, sterling adjust slower. the fall in the pound could impact three important areas. inflation, interest rates and government borrowing. first let's look at inflation — here's theo leggett on that. a great deal of what we buy from the fuel in our cars, to the clothes we wear, to the food we eat comes from abroad. and when the value of the pound goes down the cost of those imports goes up and what that means
is that prices go higher and the pound in your pocket won't go as far. a weaker pound could also impact energy prices. here's andy verity on that. higher in prices of imported goods, that includes of course energy prices. so the government is spending some £60 billion over the next six months, it anticipates, subsidising energy prices, it will cost more to subsidise them more to subsidise them if the pound is weak against the dollar because wholesale energy is priced in dollars. next lets look at interest rates. these are set by bank of england — which is independent of the government. last week it raised interest rates by 0.5 percentage points. it's now saying it won't hesitate to lift them further. here's a former deputy governor of the bank of england on his concerns. i would be worried, the bank and indeed the government have indicated that they are going to take the next decision in november and publish
forecasts and so on at that point. the worry is that they may have to take action a bit sooner. next — let's hear from andy verity again on how much interest rates are likely to go up by and what that would mean. so, if you look at what has happened to interest rates recently, currently, 2.25%, the bank of england's official rate after going up by half a percentage point last week. 0n the markets now, they are saying, just as we heard from john there, that they won't be able to wait until december. the markets think that an emergency interest rate will be necessary, perhaps in the next week and that by the november they would have gone up to 4%, which is nearly double what they are now. then by december, 5% and then later on 6% by nextjune. so, these are really sharp rises in interest rates. 0bvious implications are for people who have variable rate mortgages or people coming off a fixed rate deal. also implications for monetary policy, because when
you raise interest rates, you hit the brakes on that slows down economic growth. in its statement — the bank of england said: the bank is monitoring developments in financial markets very closely in light of the significant repricing of financial assets... the role of monetary policy is to ensure that demand does not get ahead of supply in a way that leads to more inflation over the medium term. the mpc will not hesitate to change interest rates by as much as needed to return inflation to the 2% target sustainably in the medium term. downing street has said it won't comment on the fall in the pound saying it's a matter for the �*independent bank of england'. the chancellor kwasi kwarteng isn't commenting either. have a listen. chancellor, what are you going to do about the turmoil in the markets this morning, sir? i'm not going to make any comment now. what about the city? what conversation are you having with the bank of england, sir?
the opposition labour party says the government has spooked markets with what it says is a reckless gamble on tax cuts paid for by increased borrowing. the shadow chancellor rachel reeves has been speaking at the party's conference in liverpool — here's a bit of what she said. on friday, the chancellor had an opportunity to set out a serious response to the cost of living crisis and he failed. why should my constituents in leeds west, why should people in merseyside pay for tax cuts for those who were already the wealthiest? it's not what anyone voted for, it is putting our economy in danger. and, conference, labourwill fight it every step of the way. 0ur uk political correspondent rob watson is in liverpool.
what has labour been saying about the problems with the pound and a way that the markets have been rattled so far?— way that the markets have been rattled so far? ~ . ., ., , , rattled so far? what labour has been sa in: is rattled so far? what labour has been saying is that — rattled so far? what labour has been saying is that they _ rattled so far? what labour has been saying is that they wouldn't - rattled so far? what labour has been saying is that they wouldn't be - rattled so far? what labour has been saying is that they wouldn't be in - saying is that they wouldn't be in this position, the country wouldn't be in this position if they were in power because they wouldn't have cut the govan new revenue, they wouldn't have cut taxes in the way that the government has. they see this as evidence is 12 years of conservative party mismanagement of the economy. what is so fascinating, the politics of this particular crisis is that labour potentially see this moment when they can wrest away the reputation that the conservative government has had as the party you trust most in terms of the nation's finances and economy.— finances and economy. what is labours plan — finances and economy. what is labours plan that? _ finances and economy. what is labours plan that? if _ finances and economy. what is labours plan that? if your- finances and economy. what is - labours plan that? if your question was what is _ labours plan that? if your question was what is the _ labours plan that? if your question was what is the economic - labours plan that? if your question
was what is the economic plan, - labours plan that? if your question was what is the economic plan, i i was what is the economic plan, i think the first thing to say is, there is no election imminent so there is no election imminent so there is no manifesto so it is all a bit sketchy. we have had here is that labour would favour a less in the way of tax cuts, especially on the way of tax cuts, especially on the wealthy and is in favour of putting government money into green technology. but i think if you step back and say do yet have some idea of labour being radically different to the conservatives in terms of the size of the state, the rule of the stay in that size of the tax burden, we don't but that may come later. what is the mood inside of the conservative party, i hear that there have possibly been letters of no confidence being sent with regards to prime minister liz truss. there are rumours, there are rumours, i have absolutely no idea. the person who gets these letters never ever says. the person who gets these letters never eversays. i the person who gets these letters never ever says. i think if you talk to conservative mps, particularly those conservative mps who didn't
back liz truss for the leadership, it's to be fair to remind everyone that they are in a majority. they are nervous, they thought the mini budget on friday wasn't handled well and they are very worried about the reaction in the financial markets, worried what it means for the ’ the z: 2, .. , are worried m efi out of in a; :5: l, the when i: l, the when 5: lose the for
is the value is the value of is the analyst from hargreaves lansdown dtl. analy are om hargreaves analy are you 1argreaves analy are you hearing? 5 analy are you hearing? s - have analy are you hearing? s m been real analy are you hearing? s have been real nervousness analy are you hearing? s - have been real nervousness across - analy are you hearing? s ma: been real nervousness across the financial markets, of this financial markets, because of this worry, because of these tax policies, it means that there are inflationary, they are going to push up inflationary, they are going to push up demand in the economy and that will force the bank of england to increase interest rates much more sharply. that is caused realjitters across the housing markets in particular. house—building, shares have fallen and are real have fallen back, and there are real worries that the number of mortgage holders who are on two—year fixed deals, in particular who will run out next year. naturally, they took those mortgages out when rates were
.1%, and therefore casadei could shoot up to 6%. you can see how painful that that could be and it could be that those of those people, one in five might be refused first mortgages at those lower rates, even at the lower rates that they could be, they would have to pay more anyway because they don't meet affordability criteria. that is because real worry as far as the housing crisis concern, there is that it could lead to a much sharper downturn to the correction expected. the key thing here that the people who may not understand is why is at the governor policies are so inflator, and yet there bank of england's mainjob is to keep inflation at 2%. it doesn't seem like a very good way to run an economy, does it? it’s like a very good way to run an economy, does it?— economy, does it? it's like an economic— economy, does it? it's like an economic tug _ economy, does it? it's like an economic tug of _ economy, does it? it's like an economic tug of war - economy, does it? it's like an economic tug of war which - economy, does it? it's like an economic tug of war which is l economy, does it? it's like an - economic tug of war which is taking place right now the between the
government and the bank of england. because the government's agenda is all about growth, they believe by cutting tax you put more money in people's pockets, they spend more, particularly those tax cuts for the wealthy that will trickle down and boost growth. the problem is, if you have got more demand in the economy, that will fuel inflation, and that is exactly what the bank of england is exactly what the bank of england is trying to rein in. by pushing up interest rates, we have already seen those seven successes rising. but because the government is so intent on stimulating this demand, that means that the bank of england are just going to have to put up interest rates even more than they ordinarily will have done. that is what is really rattled the market, and the fact that these tax cuts are underfunded and will add to the government's debt pile and also, if inflation stays higher, it makes paying back that debt more expensive
because, a lot of government debt is inflation linked. you can see why there is a lot of nervousness around. heavy fighting is continuing in ukraine's eastern donbas region, which russian forces have been trying to take for months but where ukrainian troops have been making gains in recent weeks. getting full control of donbas remains president putin's stated aim in ukraine. 0ur international correspondent 0rla guerin and camera journalist goktay koraltan report from the city of bakhmut where residents endure constant russian shelling and the destruction of their homes. i should warn you her report contains some distressing images. shelling. inside a city under relentless attack. this is bakhmut.
pounded by russian air strikes, and shelling. ukrainian forces still hold the city but the russians are at the eastern edge. it's hard for us, says ludmila, one of the few venturing out. have you thought about leaving? i don't want to. this is my homeland, she says. i wish you well, she adds. others are desperate to go. but facing a dangerous wait. irina flinches at this all—too—familiar sound. shelling. her 14—year—old daughter, yelizaveta, is the main reason she wants to get away
from her birthplace. which is now a battleground. shells explode. as we wait with them, we lose count of the shells. what a memory for a teenager to take away from home. it's easy to see and to hear what people need to get away from. in the last few minutes, we've been hearing incoming and outgoing shells, every 30 seconds or so. it really doesn't stop. this city is in the centre of a fierce fight now between russian forces and ukrainian forces. everything is ok, irina says. trying to reassure yelizaveta. it's very hard to go, she tells me. it's only because of the war.
the main thing is to save my daughter's life and to take our cats and kittens so that we all survive. rushing in to get them out, sergei ivanof, a volunteer with a van, and a tattoo that says, "seize the day." he's been doing just that for months. evacuating front line areas. i feel happy when i see the smiles on faces and hear the thanks. it's perfect. it's why i'm here. it's like my main mission, like my life, for these people. and you are risking your life every day? i think its usual for me and usualfor any ukrainian people, any ukrainians. loading up the essentials, yelizaveta has the pet carrier
and irina grabs the final bags. they are beginning a journey to the relative safety of the capital, kyiv. nearby, we come across a victim of the morning shelling, called andrei. there's no letup. for overan hour, his body can't be moved. the living keep walking. his sister, in red, can only take cover. andrei spent his life saving others. he worked as an ambulance driver. as russia tries to take the city it appears ready to destroy it. a pattern that we have read before in the ruins. shell, kill, repeat.
the russian army way. 0rla guerin, bbc news, bakhmut. italy's far—right leader, giorgia meloni, is on course to become the country's first female prime minister. she is widely expected to form italy's most right—wing government since world war two. here she is claiming victory. translation: italy has chosen us. it is important to understand that if we are called to govern this nation we will do it for all italians, with the clear objective of uniting the people. ms meloni's party, brothers of italy, is set to win 26% of the vote — a big jump from the 4% vote share the party received in the last general election. however, it isn't enough for her to form a government on her own. that's where she will need the support of her allies — matteo salvini's far—right league
and former pm silvio berlusconi's centre—right forza italia. they both got less than 10% of the vote. ms meloni's closest rival was enrico letta from the centre left. his democratic party got 19% of votes, while the populist five star movement won about 15%. mr letta has since announced that he will step down as party leader. also in the party is lia quarterpelle. this is her reaction. i would say this was more a failure of the pro—european camp to fail to unite, there is a blame game now going on between opposition parties, i think we should really focus on uniting. the results of the election mark a return to the senate for silvia berlusconi — nine years after he was kicked out for fraud. deborah bergamini is an mp for his forza italia party. everybody will have some influence on anybody else within the coalition, as it has always been with different balances for 25 yea rs. the coalition of centre—right rules
many regions today in italy and has a long experience of working together. despite georgia meloni's recent attempts to soften her image, there is real concern about her party's links to facism. here's the bbc�*s mark lowen. she says that she has jettisoned, fascism and she has consigned fascism to the history of italy. but there are those that believe this is not so simple, there are echoes of italy's very dark bars that are still prevailing parts her party. she describes herself as a modern social conservative. she is anti lgbt marriage and surrogacy and adoption. she wants a naval blockade on libya to try to stop migrant boats. georgia meloni's victory has also raised fears among women's rights advocates of a crackdown on abortion, while a pledge to promote europe's "judeo—christian" roots has prompted concern among minority groups. so what do italians think about their prospective new leader? jessica parker is in
the northern city of verona. from the point of view, for example, of many civil rights or women's rights or human rights, i don't think she is very open. translation: i am happy because this is a change, | we will see and it is also important for the first time we might have a woman in italy as prime minister. that is something new. in italy, history is all around you, but if today is a historic one many voters don't actually seem that excited. they are worn down they say, of the volatility of italian politics. cynical too about the promises that politicians make. with me now to discuss, how does this government compared to the last one? ., , , ' this government compared to the last one? ., , , , ., , one? completely different. he was not an elected _ one? completely different. he was not an elected official, _ one? completely different. he was not an elected official, he - one? completely different. he was not an elected official, he was - one? completely different. he was not an elected official, he was a i not an elected official, he was a technocrat and he was put there to
solve italy's financial crisis. he was seen by brussels as a very stable, very reliable leader. georgia maloney is completely different she is from the far right. if she does become italy's next by minister, she is going to form a very right—wing coalition, the most to the right since world war ii. there are people in brussels, leaders who are concerned about some of her policies. what do we know about her policies? what do we know about her policies? what is it that she has actually won this amount of votes based on? that is an interesting question because if you actually look at her manifesto, her brothers of italy manifesto. it is quite vague. they have never governed before, so we have never governed before, so we have never governed before, so we have never really seen them at work in government. they have always been on the opposition, what we do know about her is that she has a very
hard line stance on illegal immigration, she says this is a matter of national security, she is eurosceptic, she has softened their stance during the campaign, but in the past she did at the k for italy to leave the euro. also really important as her social conservatism, she is in favour of what she calls a traditional family, mother and father, she is against gay marriage and adoption. this is a really big part of her campaign. also she will have to potentially work with coalition parties, other areas where things may become difficult for this potential coalition? obviously we'll have to wait and see, they have similarities but obviously a big differences. one has emerged a few days before the vote as their position on russia in ukraine. the leader of the league has admired vladimir putin for a long time, famously a few years ago
he was photographed wearing a t—shirt with putin's face on it. whereas georgia maloney is a big supporter of sending weapons to ukraine and the sanctions, so this is something that the coalition might be clashing on. ﬁnd is something that the coalition might be clashing on. and briefly a to llanelli sylvia, _ might be clashing on. and briefly a to llanelli sylvia, what _ might be clashing on. and briefly a to llanelli sylvia, what does - might be clashing on. and briefly a to llanelli sylvia, what does this i to llanelli sylvia, what does this mean? he to llanelli sylvia, what does this mean? . , , ~ , ., mean? he has been prime minister of ital fora mean? he has been prime minister of ltaly for a very — mean? he has been prime minister of ltaly for a very long — mean? he has been prime minister of italy for a very long time, _ mean? he has been prime minister of italy for a very long time, but - mean? he has been prime minister of italy for a very long time, but in - italy for a very long time, but in the last few years he became known home and abroad for his parties, he is a convicted criminal on accounts of tax fraud and bribery. so for him this represents a big political comeback, and he will want to work very closely with meloni to keep his position. very closely with meloni to keep his osition. ,, ., very closely with meloni to keep his osition. ,, ._ , very closely with meloni to keep his osition. ,, , , , position. stay with us because cominu position. stay with us because coming no _ position. stay with us because coming no in _ position. stay with us because coming no in a _ position. stay with us because coming up in a few— position. stay with us because coming up in a few minutes i position. stay with us because - coming up in a few minutes plenty more of all the latest international and national news. stay with us on the bbc.
good evening. monday did bring showers, here was the picture in suffolk a little bit earlier on. big shower clouds around there, the waves sweeping up by those winds as well. over the next few days, quite cool well. over the next few days, quite cool, quite windy with further blustery showers around as well. high pressure trying to move its way in from the atlantic, but low pressure heading into the north—east of the uk. a bit of a squeeze in those isobars indicating a windier speu those isobars indicating a windier spell of weather. the wind is coming from a core direction, we can trace those back towards iceland in the arctic as well. further showers to come through the rest of this
evening and overnight. particularly frequent in heavy weather wins will be picking up the night. we can see gail's developing hair. still quite breezy around coastal areas, with further showers particularly for north—west england and wales as well. clearer skies towards east of england and it is here where temperatures will fall lowest. but further west of england and northern ireland staying in double figures. but a frost in chilly start tuesday. but a frost in chilly start tuesday. but we still have got that low pressure sitting on the north sea, further heavy showers and brisk winds, especially across the north and north—east of scotland on tuesday. the more filtering and across the isle of man, down towards the midlands too. elsewhere, possibly fewer showers and we have seen today, although there are probably a few blustery ones. the wind reaching around a0 mph around the coast, in around 20 mph. temperatures of ten to 17 degrees.
heading into the middle of the week now, wednesday and we will see a bit of a quiet day, not quite as windy. still some showers around parts of north—eastern scotland down towards the east coast of england as well. further west you are more likely to stay dry through the day. tech temperatures 12 to 15 degrees on wednesday. a little bit lower then we expect that this time of year, but at least fewer showers what is round. some sunny spells around. expect some heavy downpours for many of us throughout the day on friday. bye for now.
welcome back to outside source. global markets react to the uk prime minister's economic plans — the cost of government borrowing soars and the pound plunges to an all time low against the dollar. the bank of england says it won't hesitate to raise interest rates to stabilise the currency. in iran, the government cracks down on demonstrators protesting the death of a woman detained by the so called �*morality police�*. at least 76 people are killed. we have a special report on the struggle for survival on ukraine�*s front line. we have been hearing incoming and
outgoing shells every 30 seconds or so and he really does not stop. in russia let�*s go to russia now — where a gunman has opened fire at school, leaving at least 13 people dead — including students. it�*s been described as one of the country�*s deadliest mass shootings in recent years. the shooting took place at �*school number 88�* in the city of iz—hevsk, located in central russia. officials say seven children and six adults were killed, including two security guards and two teachers. the gunman was a former pupil at the school. investigators say at least twenty other people were injured before the perpetrator turned the gun on himself. at the moment, it has been established that he was wearing a black t—shirt with nazi symbols and a balaclava. there were no documents with him, his identity is currently
being established. this was the reaction from the kremlin — here�*s spokesperson dimitry peskov: president putin deeply mourns the deaths of the people. children in a school where a terrorist attack took place by someone who apparently belongs to a neofascist organisation or group. president putin is or a telephone conversation with the head of the region and instructions have been given. plans of been sent. for the latest on this, let�*s chat to bbc russia�*s sergei goryashko, who has been following the story from neighbouring latvia— what more do we know about the gunman�*s motives? not much, actually. by the information that has not been confirmed officially, communities and perpetrator allegedly sent an e—mail just and perpetrator allegedly sent an e—mailjust 20 minutes before he entered, and e—mail address of the school. he wrote that he managed to
purchase those pistols on the black market and it was quite easy. and he said according to the officials, this person in his 30s was suffering from a mental health issue that schizophrenia has been under surveillance and psychiatric hospitals in russia. still, the surveillance he was at large and nobody tried to get him into the special treatment and so, he managed to carry out his attack. stay with us sergei — we�*re going to stay with news out of russia but move onto an unrelated story. protests are continuing across the country in response to president putin�*s mobilization of troops. these pictures have been widely circulated on social media. this is dagestan — where hundreds of demonstrators have clashed with police over the mobilisation of military reservists. one independent russian human rights monitor says more than 100 people
have been arrested. located in the south of russia along the caspian sea. here�*s the bbc russia�*s kateryna khinkulova explained why these scenes are rare. it is extraordinary to see them and that part of russia which up to recently was one of the parts of the country that was providing a lot of the recruits, all of the soldiers were joining this the recruits, all of the soldiers werejoining this war the recruits, all of the soldiers were joining this war in the recruits, all of the soldiers werejoining this war in ukraine. by western mobilisation, something is snapped and that mobilisation is not partial as president putin said it would be. so, let�*s remind ourselves of what they�*re protesting against. last week vladimir putin announced that 300—thousand military reservists would be called up. as for why — this is what he had to say: translation: to defend our motherland, its
sovereignty and territorial integrity. forthe sovereignty and territorial integrity. for the security of our people and on the liberated territories, it is necessary to support the proposal of the defence ministry and chief of general staff to announce a partial mobilisation of military reservists. now with a conflict such as this one, it�*s near impossible to get entirely accurate or reliable information on casualties — for either side. but this is what we know from a recent analysis by the bbc russia service: dagestan has a higher death toll than any other province in the war in ukraine. at least 301 soldiers from dagestan have died that�*s 10 times more than in moscow. the true figure is likely to be far higher. the backlash against the government�*s decision has been widespread. but moscow, too, has cracked down. this is moscow a few days ago. more than 2000 people have been arrested at mass protests in major cities across russia since the announcement. it�*s understood more than 700 people
were arrested on saturday alone. this footage was taken inside a recruitment centre in siberia. one military officer was left a critical condition after being shot at the site. in another rare event, we�*ve also seen a concession from russian authorities that mistakes had been made in the recruitment drive. reports have circulated on social media of men with no military experience being called up, along with others who were too old, or were disabled. here�*s kremlin spokesman dimitry peskov again: these cases of discrepancy are being fixed. we hope that the speed of the fixing will increase. but all the mystics will be corrected. but all the mistakes will be corrected. as the protests continue, other russians are choosing to leave. what you�*re seeing here are the long queues on the country�*s
border with russia. according to some local media, as many as 3000 cars are lining up — some are waiting a8 hours to cross. these recent pictures are from finland. authorities there say last weekend was the busiest weekend of the year for traffic across the border, and that the arrival rate doubled in the space of a week. let�*s return to bbc russia�*s sergei goryashko, how widespread has the backlash against the government�*s decision been? well, i would say the protests are even higher than they have been since february when putin hasjust announced his decision to trawl this operation in ukraine and this is known at the time as just a special military operation and not a full—scale war and the majority of them will not be touched by the
consequences but now, when talking about the mobilisation and mobilisation in russia is never occurred before or since world war ii and the surprises that of course, there are a lot of people who did not like this decision. especially dagestan, this region has become a hotspot for the kremlin. and why they are resorting to this pr tactics of saying that some mistakes have been made and they are now corrected and only those of military experience will be sent to the forefront and when the ministry of defence is talking about military experience, they�*re actually saying something about the people who went to their conscription services years ago and has proudly shot a rifle a couple of times in their lives. it doesn�*t mean that the of real
military experience and are ready for war. military experience and are ready forwar. many military experience and are ready for war. many of them does conduct their normal lives and cities working raising children and now, they�*re being sent to the front lines and so, now, the kremlin is trying to explain that everything is going according to plan and there�*s just some mistakes made by the office. . ~' , ., let�*s turn to iran. at least 76 protesters have been killed in a crackdown on anti—government demonstrations — triggered by the death of a young women in the custody of the morality police. there have been scenes like this in nearly every province of iran for the past ten days. women burn their scarves — yelling �*woman — life — freedom". this was overnight in tehran. people are screaming �*death to the dictator�* from their windows and rooftops — calling for an end to the rule of the ayatollah. demonstrators are reported to be spreading out to avoid congregating
in a single place. in reponse — the security forces, including riot police, have been firing directly into crowds. some protesters are responding by hurling petrol bombs. more than 12 hundred have been arrested. it�*s difficult to get a full picture of what�*s happening in iran. the authorities have imposed internet restrictions — and launched a crackdown on independent media and journalists. more from bbc persian rana rahimpour on what�*s she�*s hearing. it�*s extremely difficult because the bbc and many other foreign media outlets are banned from being in iran, so we are reporting it from outside and the authorities have cracked down on the internet, meaning that in the majority of cities they don�*t have internet and it means that it is much harder. we think a number of people who have been killed is much higher than a0. another interesting thing that has happened in recent days is that there was a pro—government protest as well, so the government gathered its supporters out
on the streets but they were smaller in numbers and it didn�*t manage to stop people from going out on the streets last night. the unrest was triggered by the death of 22 year old mahsa amini. she died on friday — three days after she was arrested for allegedly violating the strict female dress code. this is cctv footage of her arrest. there are reports officers beat ms amini�*s head with a baton and banged her head against one of their vehicles. the police deny this. this is security footage of mahsa amini in detention that same day. it was released by the authorities and said to be heavily edited. in it, she collapses. she later died in hospital. the authorities blame "sudden heart failure". her father has called their assertion a lie. while mass protests against iran�*s hardline regime have happened before — this is the first time they�*ve been led by women on this scale. nazanin boniadi is a british actress and activist.
she has more on the significance. i am hearing from hundreds of people every day inside iran, most of them very young. i�*m talking late teens to mid 20s and they are saying that they are done with this regime, that they keep rising up every few years, you had of course the big 2009 protest when the demands were very different, it was, where is my vote? there were calls to reform. then in 2019 we started to see calls for the islamic republic to be toppled and for democracy. and now we�*re seeing that escalated to the next level, they are done with this regime, they want them gone. unfortunately there is no adequate human rights governance in the world, there is no mechanism for us to use our to hold autocrats responsible and accountable. there are no avenues domestically for justice and accountability inside iran, so what we are calling for and amnesty is calling for is for people to call
their representatives and demand, wherever they may be, that these new lawmakers stand with the iranian people and hold the iranian authorities to account. tensions are spilling into other countries. these clashes broke out during protests in central london. these happened just three kilometres from the islamic centre of england. there have been solidarity marches in several other countries too. this was santiago — the capital of chile — on friday. there�*s been growing international condemnation. yesterday the eu protested against iran for, "widespread and disproportionate use of force". and today, germany summoned the iranian ambassador. meanwhile canada has announced sanctions against dozens of iranian individuals — including the morality police. with me isjiyar gol from bbc persian. to the women protesting and those
were supporting you. we stand with you. wejoin our voices, the voices of all canadians to the millions of people around the world demanding that the iranian government listen to their people, and their oppression of freedoms and rights and let women and all iranians live their lives and express themselves peacefully. with me isjiyar gol from bbc persian. what is the latest you�*re hearing from iran? but what is the latest you're hearing from nan?— what is the latest you're hearing from iran? but we are hearing at this moment _ from iran? but we are hearing at this moment and _ from iran? but we are hearing at this moment and i _ from iran? but we are hearing at this moment and i am _ from iran? but we are hearing at this moment and i am talking . from iran? but we are hearing at this moment and i am talking to | from iran? but we are hearing at - this moment and i am talking to you, there are hundreds of people in different cities and different neighbourhoods when the night comes, they get out in some neighbourhoods, even the police leave the area. i saw footage from the heart of the region in iran in one of the militia was running people, we are running
after him, they�*re shouting he is a militia. it shows most likely that there is no sign of any security forces there. i hearfrom people in the border city, there was a massive fire in chanting. women, life, freedom. it�*s still continuing and one important thing i should highlight is in the past few days, today in universities, the called for a street, they will not teach any more. actors, footballers, we haven�*t seen this kind of reaction in the past a0 years and i think this is something unique this time around. �* ., , this is something unique this time around. �* . , ., . ., ~ around. and where at this head? work at it and? where _ around. and where at this head? work at it and? where we _ around. and where at this head? work at it and? where we moved _ around. and where at this head? work at it and? where we moved to - around. and where at this head? work at it and? where we moved to from i at it and? where we moved to from here? 50 at it and? where we moved to from here? ., , , .,, at it and? where we moved to from here? ., , , ., ., , here? so many people are angry the situation. it's _ here? so many people are angry the situation. it's not _ here? so many people are angry the situation. it's notjust _ here? so many people are angry the situation. it's notjust about - here? so many people are angry the situation. it's notjust about the - situation. it�*s notjust about the killing of one young 20—year—old
woman, it�*s about the economic situations of iran, about corruption, about what is happening and iran has been isolated around the world in so many young people are angry and they have since, i have never seen so many people come out openly criticising the way they have been chanting to the leader of iran. it was unheard ofjust a few years ago. i think what is happening in most likely what we�*re hearing from the iranian officials, they do not want to off either. the president said they will deal with this decisively. those imam prayers, the prayer for they normally are a mouse mouthpiece, even the police dealt with properly, there was no wrongdoing and the internet, they want to suppress this protest again.
what does the iranian community want to see from the international community?— to see from the international communi ? ., j community? something that they're really hooing. _ community? something that they're really hooing. they _ community? something that they're really hoping, they are _ community? something that they're really hoping, they are desperate i really hoping, they are desperate and trying to keep this alive outside of the country and additional people in front of indices, vancouver canada and i was surprised justin trudeau announced that there was support iran and western countries, the pressure iran you cannot any more deal with the protests, you�*ve seen them possibly, a woman removing her headscarf and holding her hands up and going towards the police and police knock her down on the ground or going and follow the protester in the police pretty much put the ak—a7 inside thousand shoot, no matter, i think what you are seeing is absolutely horrendous. it what you are seeing is absolutely horrendous-— horrendous. it is good to talk to ou and i horrendous. it is good to talk to you and i thank— horrendous. it is good to talk to you and i thank you _ horrendous. it is good to talk to you and i thank you for - horrendous. it is good to talk to you and i thank you for your - horrendous. it is good to talk to l
you and i thank you for your time. l horrendous. it is good to talk to | you and i thank you for your time. stay with us on outside source — still to come. science fiction made reality as nasa plans to try to divert an asteroid by crashing a rocket into it. super typhoon noru has ripped through parts of the philippines, flooding homes and leaving millions without electricity. five rescue workers were killed after being swept away in flash floods on luzon. these drone pictures show you the scale of devasation. the super typhoon is the strongest storm to hit the philippines this year bringing wind gusts of more than two hundred kilometres per hour. our correspondent laura bicker is in one of the worst affected regions, san vincente. this is typical of many of the neighbourhoods in this area. as soon as you come off the main road here,
much of these small alleyways are flooded and it started around one or two in the morning and they tell me the floodwaters rose extremely quickly and peeked around four and at that time, there are five people out and helping to rescue many neighbourhoods and there were swept away and it was rising floodwaters and in total, around 7a,000 people were evacuated from their homes and taken to shelters. the red cross at a shelter set up right across the country as the super typhoon crashed into the philippines and many were put up in small tents, churches and community centre has been as he woke up community centre has been as he woke up this morning, this was the result. this was the road to san miguel in many people are out of their houses and they�*re just spending times by the side of the road and sharing food, sharing information, people of gone to relative houses and have been
through some of the neighbourhoods for the event to go through chest deep and many people on the roofs and passing food from roof to roof thatis and passing food from roof to roof that is the way they are going to have to live until these floodwaters received, many feel they will be looted —— received. many feel they will be looted —— recede. this is outside source live from the bbc newsroom. our lead story is? britain central bank says it is willing to hike interest rates to control inflation following the slump in the pound concerns about government borrowing. now to a big story that�*s straight out of a sci—fi. in the next few hours, nasa is planning to crash a spacecraft into an asteroid to change its course. the space rock doesn�*t pose any danger to the earth, but this mission will test whether one could be diverted if it was heading for our planet.
our science editor rebecca morelle has more. three, two, one, and lift off of the falcon nine. after the end of the first stage, he could see them come to life. mann after the end of the first stage, he could see them come to life. now it is nearin: could see them come to life. now it is nearing its _ could see them come to life. now it is nearing its destination. _ could see them come to life. now it is nearing its destination. it's - is nearing its destination. it�*s target is a small space rock that is orbiting a larger one. travelling at 1a,000 miles an hour, the spacecraft will crash into it and give the asteroid to kick. this will change its speed and alter its orbit which scientists can monitor from its speed and alter its orbit which scientists can monitorfrom earth its speed and alter its orbit which scientists can monitor from earth to see if it does work. it is the first time nasa�*s destroyed anything like this and onboard cameras were from the collision and being the footage back to earth. if the test is a success, it will be the first step in protecting our planet should a real asteroid threat ever come our
way. the impact is timed for 1a minutes past midnight tuesday — so just under five hours from now. joining me to discuss is dr andy rivkin — he�*s a planetary astronomer atjohns hopkins university and a co—lead on this investigation. he�*s a planetary astronomer— he�*s the co—investigation team lead for nasa�*s double asteroid redirection test. this seems like the plot was sci—fi space movie but is reality. it is and it's funny _ space movie but is reality. it 3 and it's funny because some and it�*s funny because some of the ways we been thinking about it is during some of these movies, when things go wrong, you think the audience think how come they never tested this? this is the test and hopefully never happens for real, but this is just making sure that if something were to come our way, we could do something about it. hone could do something about it. how do we know that — could do something about it. how do we know that diverting _ could do something about it. how do we know that diverting this - could do something about it. how do we know that diverting this asteroid l we know that diverting this asteroid is not going to deferred into the
path of collision? just double checking just in case. the path of collision? just double checking just in case. checking 'ust in case. the same sort of checking just in case. the same sort of maths that _ checking just in case. the same sort of maths that allows _ checking just in case. the same sort of maths that allows us _ checking just in case. the same sort of maths that allows us to _ checking just in case. the same sort of maths that allows us to send - of maths that allows us to send missions to mars and land them on mars or go pastjupiter or anything like that, it is all the same kind of maths. we can track asteroids very well and also, we know what happens when you change the numbers just a little bit, we�*re going to change the numbers just a little just a little bit, we�*re going to change the numbersjust a little bit for the more but we are not going to change how they go around the sun.— they go around the sun. explained this to viewers _ they go around the sun. explained this to viewers at _ they go around the sun. explained this to viewers at home _ they go around the sun. explained this to viewers at home because l they go around the sun. explained l this to viewers at home because her seen pictures of the big asteroid and the little one. tell me which one is which and how this whole thing mashes together dimorphos is the smaller one and as they go
around each other, from the point of view. we see dimorphos running behind and we don�*t see them separated book watch the brightness in front and behind. so we have been monitoring them for years, we know exactly how long it takes her dimorphos to go around it will monitor some more will see how that changes. monitor some more will see how that chances. ., ., changes. how the pattern of dimming a chance is changes. how the pattern of dimming a change is about _ changes. how the pattern of dimming a change is about tell _ changes. how the pattern of dimming a change is about tell us _ changes. how the pattern of dimming a change is about tell us what - changes. how the pattern of dimming a change is about tell us what we - a change is about tell us what we did. �* ., ., ., ., did. and will get more information of what haooens — did. and will get more information of what happens when _ did. and will get more information of what happens when you - did. and will get more information of what happens when you do - did. and will get more information | of what happens when you do crash into an asteroid at this size, right? because there will be information sent back to earth? yes. information sent back to earth? yes, that's right- — information sent back to earth? yes, that's right. you _ information sent back to earth? yes, that's right. you left _ information sent back to earth? yes that's right. you left images —— we that�*s right. you left images —— we will have images and there will also be sent back to earth and nasa will be sent back to earth and nasa will be carrying that life tonight and
basically that sort of information is going to let us say if we hit a smooth area or how much to breed every minute, they�*ll be something we monitor afterwards that debris gives extra push. all of these things will be useful to us if we ever need to do this for real. can an one ever need to do this for real. can anyone watch _ ever need to do this for real. can anyone watch this _ ever need to do this for real. can anyone watch this happening? on mine, is there somewhere you can go to? . , mine, is there somewhere you can go to? , , , mine, is there somewhere you can go to? , , to? nasa will be carrying this on all of the social— to? nasa will be carrying this on all of the social media, - to? nasa will be carrying this on all of the social media, you - to? nasa will be carrying this on all of the social media, you can | to? nasa will be carrying this on l all of the social media, you can go to youtube, the nasa channel on youtube, nasa will have pointers there and you can follow on twitter and the hashtag, nasa will be putting it out there. pond and the hashtag, nasa will be putting it out there.— and the hashtag, nasa will be putting it out there. and how many hours' time? _ putting it out there. and how many hours' time? i'm _ putting it out there. and how many hours' time? i'm trying _ putting it out there. and how many hours' time? i'm trying to - putting it out there. and how many hours' time? i'm trying to do - putting it out there. and how many hours' time? i'm trying to do the i hours�* time? i�*m trying to do the maths in my head. underfive. thank you so much for the information and doctor randy. you been watching outside source and thank you so much
for your company. monday bright if spells of sunshine around but we did see plenty of showers and blustery showers blowing in on of corn northwesterly breeze too. in sussex, pick shower clouds around in the waves of been ripped up around in the waves of been ripped no ljy around in the waves of been ripped up by those winds over the next few days, really quite cool, quite windy with further blustery showers around as well. high—pressure moving in from the atlantic but low pressure heading towards the north east of the uk so a bit of a squeeze in those isobars indicating when your speu those isobars indicating when your spell of weather and the winds coming around from a clear direction of the moment and all the way back to iceland and up towards the arctic as well. further showers through the
rest of this evening and overnight, particularly frequent and have across the northeast of scotland were the ones will be picking up he will seek the office is developing and still quite breezy on coastal areas of scotland were the ones will be picking up he will seek the office is developing and still quite breezy on coastal areas with further and wales clear as skies towards the east of england and it is here the temperatures will fall and further west will be remaining in double figures but across tuesday, enough of a breeze and showers are to keep his temperatures from falling to low post of the pressure from the north sea and brisk winds especially across the northeast of scotland on tuesday and more filtering in the north wales in the midlands but i think elsewhere, possibly fewer shares we�*ve seen today although there will still be a few blustery winds gusts of wind reaching around a0 mph or even more on the coasts and the land in the mid—20s, not as strong as monday but still noticeable breeze and temperatures of ten to 17 degrees but the wind
chill just of ten to 17 degrees but the wind chilljust taking a few degrees off the field of those temperatures. and on wednesday, will see a bit of those not quite as windy but some blustery showers on parts of northeastern scotland died towards the east of england as well but further west we are more likely to stage right to the day time temperatures around 12 or 16 degrees on wednesday and a little bit below but we expect this time of year but at least to fewer showers around but slightly quite a spell to thursday with some sun exposed ramp expects and heavy potentially thundering downpours for many of us during the day on friday. bye for now.
this is bbc news. i�*m tim willcox. the headlines at 8pm: the bank of england says it "won�*t hesitate to raise interest rates by as much as needed" to bring down inflation. it follows the pound dropping to a record low against the dollar, potentially driving up prices even further. we are trying our best to absorb what cost increases we can, but ultimately, because of the pressure the business is under, we expect to have to put prices up as a result. some lenders say they�*re temporarily halting new mortgage deals because of the volatility of the markets, with halifax, virgin money and skipton building society announcing changes. labour outlines its own plan for the economy at its party conference and is scathing about the government�*s new measures.
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