is hard to imagine what this must have been like for akie abe shinzo abe's widow. amid her own private grief with so many looking on. it was her lonely task to carry her husbands as is into the state funeral. among the many eulogies that followed perhaps the most heartfelt came from mr abe close his political ally and successor yoshihide suga. translation: i yoshihide suga. translation: , , ., yoshihide suga. translation: ,, ., , ., , translation: i spent all those years with ou in translation: i spent all those years with you in the _ translation: i spent all those years with you in the prime _ translation: i spent all those years with you in the prime minister - with you in the prime minister office i was so happy through good times and bad i will say this repeatedly prime minister shinzo abe you were a true leader of our country japan. you were a true leader of our country japan-— you were a true leader of our country japan. you were a true leader of our count ja an. , . .,, ., country japan. this funeral was not without controversy. _ country japan. this funeral was not without controversy. opinion - country japan. this funeral was not without controversy. opinion polls| without controversy. opinion polls show around 60% of japanese people did not want it to happen. but as the dignitaries gathered inside on the streets outside, long lines began to form. of ordinary japanese people wanting to be part of it. wanting to show their feelings. he is wanting to show their feelings. he: is a big ipod injapan and i love him. iwant to is a big ipod injapan and i love him. i want to show respect, love everything. i love him. all of these people in this light love him too i guess. people in this light love him too i cuess. , ., ., ., ,, .,
guess. the state funeral for shinzo abe is deeply _ guess. the state funeral for shinzo abe is deeply dividing _ guess. the state funeral for shinzo abe is deeply dividing japanese - abe is deeply dividing japanese society. you can see this 0, we understand is three km long. many thousands of people have turned out today to pay their welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in the uk and around the world. the leaders of denmark, sweden and poland have said that rare gas leaks that have hit the nordstream pipelines were not accidents but "deliberate acts". seis—molla—gists reported underwater explosions just before the leaks. nord stream one is leaking at two points, a day after a similar leak affected its sister pipeline, nord stream two. the danish authorities have warned ships to avoid the area near the island of bornholm. these pictures from denmark's defence, and show bubbles on the surface
of the baltic sea above the pipelines — they report the largest patch of sea disturbance is ikm wide. well earlier the polish prime minister went a step further and linked the incidents to the situation in ukraine. translation: we do not yet know the details of what happened - but we clearly see that this is an act of sabotage. this is an act that probably signals a new phase in the escalation of the situation in ukraine. i'm joined now by kristine berzina, senior fellow at the german marshall fund of the united states. denmark, germany and poland great to get you on the programme i went to ask you from leaders they are saying that this is sabotage, is it possible to determine at this point whether it is sabotage or simply malfunction? it point whether it is sabotage or simply malfunction?— point whether it is sabotage or simply malfunction? it looks right now, that simply malfunction? it looks right now. that it _
simply malfunction? it looks right now, that it is _ simply malfunction? it looks right now, that it is not _ simply malfunction? it looks right now, that it is not an _ simply malfunction? it looks right now, that it is not an accident - simply malfunction? it looks right now, that it is not an accident or. now, that it is not an accident or malfunction. we have seen the leaders of poland denmark and sweden say this. we have also heard the german economy minister reinforce this point. it looks like there was a deliberate act on these pipelines. and when you look at a deliberate act to the question is who would have wanted to do something like this to this pipeline. that connects russia and europe with so many european investors as well as russian investors. just european investors as well as russian investors. just picking up on that, russian investors. just picking up on that. who _ russian investors. just picking up on that, who would _ russian investors. just picking up on that, who would have - russian investors. just picking up on that, who would have wanted | russian investors. just picking up i on that, who would have wanted to do something like that? we know denmark and poland but what is the sense in the terms what you are seeing? we don't the terms what you are seeing? - don't have all of the answers right now about who could be behind us, but there is a lot of speculation that russia could have reasons for wanting to attack this particular pipeline. in many ways it seems counterintuitive. after all it is
their pipeline to but it is a pipeline they have been refusing to use since september and a pipeline half of which has been refused by europeans to be operational. so it is not something currently making the money. so in some ways it is there and it could have a difficult kind of role for the russians. again we do not know that this is what had happened but there could be reasons why russia might want to demonstrate its power and sabotage undersea infrastructure. there's a lot of that in europe. and also between continents, to escalate the conflict as we heard the polish government say today. or to also detract and deflect attention from the battlefield losses that the russians have been having in ukraine. as well as it's not smooth mobilisation in
russia this past week. this as it's not smooth mobilisation in russia this past week.— as it's not smooth mobilisation in russia this past week. as you point out we don't _ russia this past week. as you point out we don't know— russia this past week. as you point out we don't know who _ russia this past week. as you point out we don't know who or- russia this past week. as you point out we don't know who or what - russia this past week. as you point l out we don't know who or what might have caused this damage. how much can you speak to the impact that it is going to have on energy prices given the fact that they are already elevated and europe is looking at a cold dark and increasingly expensive winter? the cold dark and increasingly expensive winter? ' . , winter? the effect here is potentially _ winter? the effect here is potentially causing - winter? the effect here is potentially causing panic. | winter? the effect here is - potentially causing panic. again these were pipelines that were not currently bringing gas to europe. there is no any anticipation that they would be soon. so we are not seeing a interruption of supplies in the short—term. many people thought these pipelines never come back online anyway. so any obligation is one of being having disturbances and other supply rather than having case fully met gas coming through these pipelines. but next we need to look
at what is the vulnerability issues across europe and the world. how do we protect our pipelines and the import terminals because if we aren't looking at the pipelines that we have to look at how else they get gas which are import and export terminals that we have across europe and the uk and asia and in north america. is there enough attention on that. if pipelines can be blown up on that. if pipelines can be blown up what about electricity cables and what about data cables that connect so many of our countries and continents?— so many of our countries and continents? critical questions around critical _ continents? critical questions around critical infrastructure | continents? critical questions - around critical infrastructure thank you forjoining us with your thoughts. meanwhile in other developments between russia and ukraine — the russian president vladimir putin is likely to announce the annexation of occupied regions of ukraine within days,
according to the uk's defence ministry. voting has ended in discredited referendums in four ukrainian regions, partly or largely occupied by russian forces, on whether they should join russia. according to russian state media, luhansk and donetsk, in the east, and kherson and zaporizhzhia in the south, all apparently strongly favour annexation. ukraine and its allies say the result had already been decided by the kremlin, and will be used as an excuse for an illegal landgrab. our russia editor, steve rosenberg, told us what steps the kremlin is expected to take now. first i want to stress the key point here that these so—called referendums weren't real referendums, they were hastily arranged, kremlin created and controlled events designed to pave the way to russian annexation of huge swathes of ukrainian territory. we may well see this happen later this week. i expect at some point this week russia will come out and say, right, this land is now ours, even in the absence of international recognition. the question is, what happens then?
the kremlin has made it pretty clear that if kyiv attacks and tries to get back these territories then russia will view that as an attack against its territorial integrity and it will respond with all means available to it, including, potentially, nuclear weapons. we know that washington has warned moscow that if russia uses nuclear weapons that would have catastrophic consequences for russia. what we don't know is whether that american warning will influence vladimir putin's next move. steve rosenberg, many thanks. some reports coming in, rushed washington is waiting for the result
of the sham referendums and is providing a one point 2 billion package for weapons in ukraine. but let's take a look at some of the stories in the headlines in the uk. royal mail workers are to stage a further 19 strikes in the next two months in a deteriorating dispute over pay and conditions. and it will cover peak mail periods such as black friday and the christmas build—up. the leader of the opposition labour party sir keir starmer says the uk needs a �*fresh start�* and a way out of the �*endless cycle of crisis�* caused by the conservatives. in a speech to the labour conference, he was scathing in his criticism of the government�*s handling of the economy — especially after the mini budget last week — and the tax cut for
at thisjuncture. whatever the bank of england chooses to do uk banks and building societies are already withdrawing mortage deals after a fall in the value of the pound led to fears of interest rates rising sharply. almost all lenders are pulling the deals they had on offer last week. our economics editor faisal islam has more. in lincolnshire, will runs superfoil, a successful manufacturer. but this insulation business can�*t be cushioned from falls in the value in sterling that we�*ve seen in recent days. as most of the products we use are kind of global products — plastics and aluminiums, etc — they�*re all
placed in the dollar. so any drop in the pound directly increases our costs proportionately. so over the last 20, 25 years that we�*ve been running, our purchasing power for our main components is halved, making our products twice as expensive. the currency was stable today, but it remains close to historic lows. this is one of the trading desks where the credibility of britain�*s finances is up for question. i�*ve never seen a budget move the pound like this my entire career. essentially, with interest rates rising like this in the uk, it�*s going to be more expensive to fund the deficit, but the deficit keeps getting wider, especially with all the announcements we had in the budget. so this kind of doom loop, the only way out of it, really, is we�*ve got to tame inflation and get interest rates back down. so, the first thing is tame inflation and all this goes away. the problem is, the budget that we had on friday last week, the only thing it will do is probably add to inflation. the bank of england�*s chief economist made clear today that by november, it would deliver significant
interest rate rises. i think it's hard not to draw the conclusion that all this will require a significant monetary policy response. let me leave it there. those rises from governor andrew bailey are dependent on just how much borrowing the chancellor does. he told bankers and his mps he was going to stick to his plan. as the cost of mortgages surges, the markets may not wait till novemberfor answers. our economics editor faisal islam reporting. you�*re watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... we�*ll look back at the state funeral for the assassinated former japanese prime minister shinzo abe — and explain why some chose to protest rather than respect the event.
in all russia�*s turmoil, it has never quite come to this. president yeltsin said today would decide the nation�*s destiny. the nightmare that so many people have feared for so long is playing out its final act, here. russians are killing russians in front of a grandstand audience. it was his humility that produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. this man, israel�*s right—winger ariel sharon, visited the religious compound, and that started the trouble. he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea unthinkable to palestinians. after 45 years of division, germany is one. in berlin, a million germans celebrated the rebirth of europe�*s after 45 years of division, germany is one. in berlin, a million germans celebrated the rebirth of europe�*s biggest and richest nation.
this is newsday on the bbc. i�*m karishma vaswani in singapore. our headlines. several european leaders say russia�*s nord stream gas pipeline has been sabotaged — but it�*s not yet clear who might have been responsible. ukraine has led the condemnation of russia — after russian—occupied regions in ukraine voted tojoin russia in self—styled referendums. let�*s turn away from those stories now and take you to cuba where hundreds of thousands of residents have been left without power after hurricane ian slammed into the country�*s west. the storm made landfall early on tuesday, bringing rain and windspeeds of 205 kilometres an hour. officials cut power to the entire pinar del rio province — a population of 850—thousand —
and evacuated 40,000 people from low lying areas. the impact was so severe it could be seen from space. these satellite images show hurricane ian — the flashes indicating lightning strikes. and this was the aftermath — the category three system left a trail of destruction and flooding in its wake, as it moved onwards towards the gulf of mexico. hurricane ian is now moving towards the us and is expected to strengthen before making landfall in florida on wednesday. this is the expected path. residents along parts of florida�*s west coast have been warned of "catastrophic" storm surges and life—threatening flooding. florida governor ron de santis has already declared a state of emergency for the entire state. residents have been urged to stock up on supplies, and some mandatory evacuations
are under way. the bbc�*s azadeh moshiri has been following developments from tampa bay, on florida�*s west coast. thank you for the both of you to joining us on the programme ijust want to start with well. give us a sense of how massive this hurricane has been and what the damage has been like in cuba? it has been and what the damage has been like in cuba?— has been and what the damage has been like in cuba? it has been huge reall , been like in cuba? it has been huge really. when — been like in cuba? it has been huge really. when it— been like in cuba? it has been huge really, when it hit _ been like in cuba? it has been huge really, when it hit cuba _ been like in cuba? it has been huge really, when it hit cuba on - been like in cuba? it has been huge really, when it hit cuba on the - really, when it hit cuba on the western tip of the island it barreled in over 200 km an hour. winds huge dumping of rain across a rural, important region of the country for agriculture. it is the heart of the islands of tobacco industry which we have seen images of crops completely destroyed in of course. grooves whipped off homes
power lines are down and it is estimated a million people are still without power on that side of the island. thankfully the capital seems like it has avoided the worst and that it will simply rain, lightning, high winds. but the damage is contained which is important because the buildings in havana are already in a precarious state. this comes at a worse time for cube at the moment which is an economic streets. and will affect the agricultural sector and the distribution of food around the island. .,, , . , ., the island. those pictures that we are looking _ the island. those pictures that we are looking at _ the island. those pictures that we are looking at showing _ the island. those pictures that we are looking at showing the - the island. those pictures that we are looking at showing the scale l the island. those pictures that we l are looking at showing the scale of the devastation there. ijust want to turn to our correspondent in florida. what is the picture in florida. what is the picture in florida right now how are authorities preparing? this
florida right now how are authorities preparing? as well 'ust mentioned. — authorities preparing? as well 'ust mentioned, there is i authorities preparing? as well 'ust mentioned, there is severe h authorities preparing? as welljustl mentioned, there is severe damage authorities preparing? as welljust - mentioned, there is severe damage in cuba il— mentioned, there is severe damage in cuba it was_ mentioned, there is severe damage in cuba it was a — mentioned, there is severe damage in cuba it was a category three storm when _ cuba it was a category three storm when it_ cuba it was a category three storm when it made landfall. officials aren't — when it made landfall. officials aren't sure what category it will be when _ aren't sure what category it will be when it _ aren't sure what category it will be when it hits — aren't sure what category it will be when it hits florida they have been adjusting _ when it hits florida they have been adjusting the path but either way they will— adjusting the path but either way they will be warning that it can be life—threatening. so they are making very serious — life—threatening. so they are making very serious preparations. the governor— very serious preparations. the governor has put a state of emergency in place in all 67 counties _ emergency in place in all 67 counties. he is mobilised up to the 5000 _ counties. he is mobilised up to the 5000 national guard troops. other preparations are being made as well. schools— preparations are being made as well. schools are _ preparations are being made as well. schools are being shut down, turned into potential shelters. here in a place _ into potential shelters. here in a place like — into potential shelters. here in a place like tampa bay where it is an extremely— place like tampa bay where it is an extremely low lying area with buildings that are extremely vulnerable. mandatory evacuations are in _ vulnerable. mandatory evacuations are in place. will vulnerable. mandatory evacuations are in place-— are in place. will be back with you in 'ust a are in place. will be back with you in just a moment _ are in place. will be back with you in just a moment but _ are in place. will be back with you in just a moment but i _ are in place. will be back with you in just a moment but i want - are in place. will be back with you in just a moment but i want to - are in place. will be back with you | in just a moment but i want to turn back to bill now. you were telling
us about how people are grouping now but are authorities helping out? we heard about the preparations in florida give us the sense of assistance people are getting in cuba. , ., , cuba. dealing with hurricanes has been ingrained _ cuba. dealing with hurricanes has been ingrained in _ cuba. dealing with hurricanes has been ingrained in the _ cuba. dealing with hurricanes has been ingrained in the cuban - cuba. dealing with hurricanes has . been ingrained in the cuban people's been ingrained in the cuban people�*s dna. and in recent years getting stronger and more powerful and more frequently with climate change. so they know how to deal with hurricanes. people have evacuated from the outer lying islands and came onto the mainland and save the family. authorities are good at mobilising quickly in times like this. of course, like i said the economic situation is dire at the present. they simply don�*t have many of the basic tools that might be needed to help get things back on line, to help clear trees, to help clear paths. shelters, emergency supplies and so on. so it is a very
difficult scenario to cope with. the hope is that because it was limited to the western end of the island that the need is contained. and that the authorities, the communist one authorities will be able to get help to people who needed. i�*m authorities will be able to get help to people who needed.— authorities will be able to get help to people who needed. i'm afraid if all the time — to people who needed. i'm afraid if all the time we _ to people who needed. i'm afraid if all the time we have _ to people who needed. i'm afraid if all the time we have for— to people who needed. i'm afraid if all the time we have for that - all the time we have for that segment thank you so much both for joining us. some breaking news on the weather with typhoon noru which made landfall. these are the latest pictures that have come in just in the last few minutes. showing rain lashing the city we will have more on that story as it develops and as that typhoon makes its way through the country. let�*s take a look at some other stories in the headlines. iranian riot police and security
forces have clashed with demonstrators in dozens of cities, as protests rage on over the death of young woman in police custody. state media puts the number of dead at ai, though activists say the true figure is far higher. hundreds of people have also been arrested, including 20 journalists. the saudi arabian crown prince mohammed bin salman has been made prime minister in a cabinet reshuffle. the post is traditionally held by the king. mohammed bin salman has in effect been running the country for several years, bringing in social and cultural changes, but also overseeing widespread repression of dissident voices. to japan now where the state funeral of assassinated former prime minister, shinzo abe, has taken place in tokyo. world leaders attending included the us vice president, kamala harris. but the decision to hold a state funeral proved divisive, with some people worried about the cost, and about the close
links between mr abe�*s party and the controversial unification church. 0ur correspondent rupert wingfield—hayes reports from tokyo. it is hard to imagine what this must have been like for akie abe, shinzo abe�*s widow. amid her own private grief with so many looking on. it was her lonely task to carry her husbands ashes into his state funeral. among the many eulogies that followed perhaps the most heartfelt came from mr abe close political ally and successor yoshihide suga. translation: i spent all those years with you in the prime minister - office i was so happy through good times and bad i will say this repeatedly prime minister shinzo abe you were a true leader of our country japan. this funeral was not without controversy. opinion polls show around 60% of japanese people did not want it to happen.
but as the dignitaries gathered inside on the streets outside, long lines began to form. of ordinary japanese people wanting to be part of it. wanting to show their feelings. he is a big icon in japan and i love him. i want to show respect, love everything. ilove him. all of these people in this line love him too i guess. the state funeral for shinzo abe is deeply dividing japanese society. you can see this queue, we understand is three km long. many thousands of people have turned out today to pay their respects and expressed their sorrow at his death. but equally, not far away there are many thousands of others who were gathering to protest to show their anger that mr abe has been given this rare honour. at the national parliament, a very different scene. a very different mood. japanese are not a people
easily driven to anger. but you could feel it here. a sense that these people�*s feelings about mr abe have been completely ignored. translation: i am angry. they are holding the state funeral completely without the consent of the people. that is why young people like me need to speak out more. translation: | could not stay | at home when they are spending so much on this funeral with so many ordinaryjapanese people are suffering. inside the budokan the great and the good are now paying their respects. us vice president kamala harris, former british prime minister theresa may and india�*s modi. abroad shinzo abe was admired as is truly significant politician but one who was never fully embraced by his own people. if you are interested in more
in—depth analysis there is a piece on the bbc website to do be sure to look it up. thanks for watching. there has been quite a terminal whether to our story more sunshine to come plenty of rainbows in the sky. but the wind strength will ease through wednesday. still coming from the north so still a cool source. it is this weather front here that could be a key player as we go through wednesday. it is going to have some hard showers in the north sea. these will gradually drift their way towards newcastle and to the hull area. some heavy and thundering. a few scattered showers running down through the west facing coast of wales. we will see the temperatures
struggling for the time of year around 13—16 c. some of the showers could turn heavy and thundering. they are likely to drip their way south into wednesday night into the early i of thursday morning. so still there to clear first thing on thursday but on the whole original high pressure builds and quiets things down on thursday. early showers clearing south of future was still coming in from the north sea in north east england. generally find and settled with a little more sunshine later when. temperatures back to where they should be relayed for this time of the year. however, it is all change into friday. we are likely to see some pretty wet and windy weather. so useful rain for all of us at some point on friday. ahead of it is going to be largely fine and dry. so not a bad start if you have plans for outside get out and do it first thing in the morning. that rain turning into
western scotland, northern ireland as the go to lunch her. gradually drifting its way south east. probably not arriving into east anglia into the end of the day. top temperatures of around 17 celsius. as we move into the weekend that weather front could be a bit of a nuisance for some of us. it will continue to push its way south and east. as he can see will trail all the way back into the atlantic. so for central and southern england we could see some brain persisting for the start of the weekend. eventually, someday we will see somewhat drier and brighter and warmer conditions for turning. take care.
denmark�*s prime minister says she considers gas leaks from key russian—controlled gas pipelines under the baltic sea to be the result of deliberate acts. the comments reinforce the view of her polish counterpart that it was sabotage. russia has annouced early results from its widely discredited referendums in parts of occupied ukraine. russian officials say voters overwhelmingly cast their ballots in favour ofjoining the russian federation. much of cuba is without power after hurricane ian hit the country. florida�*s governor has warned his state to brace for a potential "major disaster" in the coming days. world leaders have attended a state