tv BBC World News BBC News November 18, 2022 5:00am-5:31am GMT
this is bbc news with the latest headlines, for viewers in the uk and around the world. the cop27 the c0 p27 climate the cop27 climate summit closes late but with the deal still to be done, time running out. the uk government defends its plan to raise taxes and cut spending, insisting it needs to tackle soaring inflation and encourage growth. twitter tells staff to stay at home until monday, after reports that many employees are quitting elon musk�*s new company. and the end of an era in american politics. nancy pelosi says she won't seek re—election to lead the democrats in the house.
hello and welcome. the hours are counting down to hammer out a deal at the cop27 climate summit in egypt. negotiations have been going on for almost two weeks. friday is supposed to be the final day when the most important commitments and decisions are made, but there's concern the talks could collapse. our science correspondent victoria gill has the latest. the victoria gill has the latest. brutal reality of climate change. the brutal reality of climate change. the tiny island nation of tuvalu is disappearing underneath the pacific, and on the last official day of the zealand climate talks, the issue of loss and damage like this and how to for it remains
unresolved. a lot of countries have been blocking and the us has been the major blocker. it is holding all the negotiations and talk back, and worried because we haven't seen the progress we have held for on loss and damage.— progress we have held for on loss and damage. what richard, develo ed loss and damage. what richard, developed nations _ loss and damage. what richard, developed nations want - loss and damage. what richard, developed nations want to - loss and damage. what richard, developed nations want to avoid j developed nations want to avoid as an ever increasing bill caused by climate change. many countries here agree there needs to be a fund for the destruction caused by floods and storms fuelled by climate change but exactly who pays and how the most vulnerable people access that money — those are issues that nations are still wrangling over. and for tuvalu, time has run out.— time has run out. whatever happens — time has run out. whatever happens at _ time has run out. whatever happens at the _ time has run out. whatever happens at the cop27 - time has run out. whatever happens at the cop27 this i time has run out. whatever - happens at the cop27 this week won't save tuvalu. the only way to protect our land and our community, given that we are a low lying nation, is to build more land and upward, so it is
raised land. more land and upward, so it is raised land-— raised land. just hours left here to reach _ raised land. just hours left here to reach a _ raised land. just hours left here to reach a deal. - raised land. just hours left here to reach a deal. and | raised land. just hours left i here to reach a deal. and the most vulnerable nation say they are fighting for their lives. victoria gill, bbc news, sharm el sheik. earlier, i spoke to rachel kyte who is dean of the fletcher school at tufts university. she is also a senior climate change advisor to the un secretary—general antonio guterres. she had just flown back from cop27 in sharm el sheikh a few hours ago and my colleague rich preston asked her how the talks were going. it's always the physics and negotiation that comes down to the wire. i think this time around, the egyptian presidency introduced their cover text very late in the day. it's still really sort of a laundry list without some detail. but there are important, significant movements, in particular on loss and damage where the european union seems to be moving its position, not everywhere, and there's some tension within the european union, but there is the possibility, if not a complete agreement on a financialfacility for loss and damage, which is what the developing world really wanted coming into the talks, but substantial movement in that direction.
so it's still all to play for. what are some of the main sticking points at the summit? money, money, money, money, money! at the end of the day, the longer we don't act, the more it's going to cost us. it's going to cost the transition to renewable energy, the more it's going to cost the damage that we're already incurring from climate impact, and the more it's going to cost countries, the rich countries that can — should and can afford to help developing countries, it's going to cost them more to do so. and so, all the way through these talks, the question of who's financing with what finance and how has come up. but there's been important movement away from the text of the negotiations — big deals for indonesia, a big dealfor egypt, and also, some reframing of what we're supposed to be financing. prime minister modi and the india delegation, very interestingly, after last year, kind of been seen to be blocking language in glasgow around phasing out fossil fuels, basically calling for a phase—out of fossil fuels.
so india obviously taking up the mantle of leadership now. here in the uk, government ministers have defended their plan to save 55 billion pounds by raising taxes and reducing spending, as the government insists it needs to set the conditions for growth in the future. the chancellor, jeremy hunt, delivered his autumn statement on thursday against the backdrop of dire forecasts on living standards and household incomes. caroline davies has this report. prices are going up. the economy is shrinking and living standards are falling by the largest amount in 70 years. so what is the government's answer to help the country? in yesterday's autumn statement, the chancellor announced some things will be going up. in april, the state pension means tested and disability benefits will all go up by 10.i%. the
minimum wage for over 23 years old will also increase to £10 42 p per hour, and the energy will be extended for another year, although it would be as generous. people are weighing up generous. people are weighing up what that means for them. but they will also be more tax, the highest as a percentage of national income since the end of the second world war. tax bands will remain frozen until 2028, which means millions will pay more tax as their incomes rise over time. and from april the level at which people will pay the top level of tax will be reduced, this is across the uk apart from scotland who will set their tax plans in december. there are mixed reactions as well. you'll make you have to add it to pay it, so i don't want it. at you have to add it to pay it, so i don't want it.— so i don't want it. at the moment _ so i don't want it. at the moment you _ so i don't want it. at the moment you just - so i don't want it. at the moment you just living i so i don't want it. at the l moment you just living to so i don't want it. at the - moment you just living to day. get your— moment you just living to day. get your paycheck and you just thinking, — get your paycheck and you just thinking, i've got nothing left at end — thinking, i've got nothing left at end. , , , at end. there will be less -ublic at end. there will be less
public spending - at end. there will be less public spending overall i at end. there will be less i public spending overall than previously thought, with promises to cut spending plans after general election. some economists are already wondering whether the government will have to keep that. ~ ., government will have to keep that. . . , government will have to keep that. . ._ , government will have to keep that. . ,., that. what actually happens to the economy _ that. what actually happens to the economy and _ that. what actually happens to the economy and to _ that. what actually happens to the economy and to public - the economy and to public services in two or three years time? ever get through to the next election we have more space to be a bit more generous after that, or i'll be stuck with these rubber eye—watering spending tickets? the opposition _ spending tickets? the opposition has - spending tickets? the opposition has been l spending tickets? the opposition has been scathing of the conservatives�* approach commencing the government are to blame and failed to prepare. but the chancellor says they have been responsible and taken difficult decisions.— difficult decisions. what eo - le difficult decisions. what people want _ difficult decisions. what people want is - difficult decisions. whatj people want is stability, difficult decisions. what - people want is stability, they want a long—term plan for growth, that is what we have set out, and i think the families who are worried about the instability, about their shopping bills going up, they can see that under conservative government there is a plan. it is a difficult plan but we are going to resolve these problems
and give their families security as well. this and give their families security as well. as things start sinking _ security as well. as things start sinking in, _ security as well. as things start sinking in, the - security as well. as things i start sinking in, the question is, will this plan work? and in the business news, in the next few minutes, we will be looking at what the implications are for the uk economy following the statement on thursday. let�*s get some of the day�*s other news. japan�*s prime minister fumio kishida has said north korea�*s latest missile launch is totally unacceptable. south korean military reported what they think is an intercontinental ballistic missile was launched by the north. japan said the missile may have landed in waters in its exclusive ecomonic zone. lawyers for the american basketball star, brittney griner, have confirmed that she�*s been taken to a penal colony in russia, about 500 kilometres, east of moscow. she was jailed in august for nine years after being arrested at moscow airport with vape cartridges containing cannabis oil. there have been efforts by the united states to try to secure her release, possibly in a prisoner swap.
the jailed russian opposition politician alexei navalny says he�*s been moved into solitary confinementjust days before he was due to meet his family. he was already facing 11.5 years in prison on a range of charges, including forfraud, which he said are trumped—up. the 46—year—old has long been the most prominent face of russian opposition to president vladimir putin. robert clary, the french actor who starred in hogan�*s heroes, the 1960s american hit television comedy set in a german prisoner of war camp, has died. he played a french corporal who outwitted their bumbling german guards to carry out clandestine sabotage operations. in real life, robert clary, a jew, was sent to nazi concentration camps as a teenager, the only member of his family to survive. twitter has told employees not to return to the office
in a message obtained by the bbc. workers were told offices would reopen on next monday. the announcement comes amid reports that a large number of staff are quitting after new owner elon musk gave employees an ultimatum to work �*long hours at high intensity�* or leave. here�*s our north america correspondent david willis. elon musk gave twitter employees until today at five o�*clock in the evening to decide whether they wanted to stay with the company or take three months�* severance pay, or stay on and work, as you put itjust now, �*at high intensity for long hours.�* well, it seems like there has been virtually a stampede for the exit, with hundreds of twitter employees opting to take that severance pay. and that has prompted mr musk and his advisers to get into negotiations with some critical staff who they rely upon to keep the social platform working. it�*s also apparently caused him to relax the stipulation that employees spend at least a0 hours in the office. he�*s suggesting he might be
more open to remote working 110w. as you mentioned, he has closed the offices until monday — no explanation given. meanwhile, trending on twitter is the hashtag �*riptwitter�*. since mr musk bought twitter he has been very vocal, very active on what is now his own platform. staying with the world of tech, and the founder of theranos, elizabeth holmes, is set to be sentenced later today at a federal court in sanjose california. she was found guilty on four counts of conspiracy to defraud investors earlier in the year. holmes had claimed that her company had found a revolutionary way to use blood test data, but many of those claims were found to be false. 0ur silicon valley correspondent james clayton reports. elizabeth holmes has become famous, infamous for being at the centre of a massive silicon
valley fraud. now nearly a year after being convicted she is to be sentenced. irate after being convicted she is to be sentenced.— after being convicted she is to be sentenced. we would like to see a world _ be sentenced. we would like to see a world in _ be sentenced. we would like to see a world in which _ be sentenced. we would like to see a world in which every - see a world in which every person gets access to this type of basic testing.— of basic testing. elizabeth holmes had _ of basic testing. elizabeth holmes had a _ of basic testing. elizabeth holmes had a vision - of basic testing. elizabeth holmes had a vision thatl of basic testing. elizabeth - holmes had a vision that turned her into a billionaire, that she could create a machine that she could create a machine that she called the edison that could detect hundreds of diseases with just a few drops of blood. the pitch convince some very important people — media tycoon rupert murdoch invested, henry kissinger was on the company�*s board. this invested, henry kissinger was on the company's board. this is my certificate — on the company's board. this is my certificate for _ on the company's board. this is my certificate for thoroughly . my certificate for thoroughly showing my shares, and a was actually signed by elizabeth holmes. 50 actually signed by elizabeth holmes. , ., actually signed by elizabeth holmes. , ., holmes. so it is a bit of history- _ holmes. so it is a bit of history- it _ holmes. so it is a bit of history. it is, _ holmes. so it is a bit of history. it is, sad - holmes. so it is a bit of history. it is, sad bit i holmes. so it is a bit of history. it is, sad bit of| history. it is, sad bit of history _ history. it is, sad bit of history but _ history. it is, sad bit of history but history, i history but history, nevertheless. ., , ., nevertheless. eileen was a secretary _ nevertheless. eileen was a secretary in _ nevertheless. eileen was a secretary in silicon - nevertheless. eileen was a secretary in silicon valley, j secretary in silicon valley, she heard about this amazing new company. she heard about this amazing new company-— new company. mate bowers indicated — new company. mate bowers indicated it _ new company. mate bowers indicated it was _ new company. mate bowers indicated it was going i new company. mate bowers indicated it was going to i new company. mate bowers| indicated it was going to be, indicated it was going to be, in his words, the next apple, and i should get as many shares as they could, and so i did. it was six figures, which was a
large amount for me.- large amount for me. what eileen didn't _ large amount for me. what eileen didn't know- large amount for me. what eileen didn't know is i large amount for me. what eileen didn't know is that l eileen didn�*t know is that elizabeth holmes was in fact selling a nightmare. the technology didn�*t work but investors like eileen had no idea. the retail giant walgreens had a contract with theranos to diagnose patients. however, the court heard that theranos wasn�*t actually using its edison machines, but was instead using openly available diagnostics equipment. the court also heard that some patients had been misdiagnosed. ijust patients had been misdiagnosed. i just really resented patients had been misdiagnosed. ijust really resented that somebody would make such a massive fraud, especially when so many people told her, "this isn�*t working." she so many people told her, "this isn't working. "— so many people told her, "this isn't working. " isn't working." she argued that trial she always _ isn't working." she argued that trial she always tried _ isn't working." she argued that trial she always tried to - trial she always tried to create a genuine product and never intended to commit fraud, injanuary a never intended to commit fraud, injanuaryajury never intended to commit fraud, injanuary a jury disagreed. in january a jury disagreed. she injanuary a jury disagreed. she could now face years in prison. james clayton, bbc news, silicon valley. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a new home
neighbours — australia�*s iconic tv soap is set to be back on airjust months after its final episode. benazir bhutto has claimed victory in pakistan�*s general election and she�*s asked pakistan�*s president to name her as prime minister. jackson's been released on bail of $3 million after turning himself in to police in santa barbara. it was the biggest i demonstration so far of the fast—growing _ european anti—nuclear movement. the south african government has announced that it�*s opening the country�*s remaining whites—only beaches to people of all races. this will lead to a black majority government in this country and the destruction of the white civilisation. part of the centuries—old windsor castle, - one of the queen's residences, has been consumed by fire for much of the day. -
150 firemen have been battling the blaze, i which has caused millions. of pounds' worth of damage. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: delegates at the cop27 climate summit in egypt are still grappling with a number of sticking points, as the two week gathering enters its final day. ministers have defended their plan to save £55 million by reducing spending and raising taxes, as the government insists it needs to set the conditions for growth in the future. president volodymyr zelensky
has said that more than ten million ukrainians are without power, following russia�*s latest missile attacks on his country�*s energy infrastructure. many also face water supply shortages, as planned power cuts to relieve the grid add to difficulties. russia�*s latest missile strikes hit targets including gas fields, industrial infrastructure, and residential buildings. we can now speak to michael bociurkiw, who�*s a nonresident senior fellow at the atlantic council. previously, he was spokesman for the ukraine for the organisation for security cooperation in europe. michael, good to have you with us. you have since had to leave ukraine because of the inability to work because of power cuts. you are speaking to us from moldova. how bad was the situation there before you relocated?— relocated? assured right now s-ueakin relocated? assured right now speaking to — relocated? assured right now speaking to you, _ relocated? assured right now speaking to you, but - relocated? assured right now speaking to you, but the i relocated? assured right nowj speaking to you, but the pass two or three days the port city has been mostly without power and that has impacted on mobile
communications. i should also add of course 0dessa is the anchor of that black sea grain, which has just been anchor of that black sea grain, which hasjust been renewed. that port cannot work without electricity so it may impact that part of things as well. there is very bad news up ahead. the temperatures in places like kyiv are not going to top zero today or the next few days, there is snow on the way, so it is an unsustainable situation. the ukrainians are working as hard as they can to restore power but it can�*t happen quickly enough for a lot of people. happen quickly enough for a lot of --eole. ., up happen quickly enough for a lot of people-— of people. how quickly would ukraine be — of people. how quickly would ukraine be able _ of people. how quickly would ukraine be able to _ of people. how quickly would ukraine be able to restore i of people. how quickly would | ukraine be able to restore the energy supply to the people ukraine be able to restore the energy supply to the people as you say who so desperately needed as the temperatures drop, and it becomes more necessary than before? they have been — necessary than before? they have been doing _ necessary than before? they have been doing very - necessary than before? they have been doing very quick l have been doing very quick repairs not only to power and infrastructure but railways when they are hit, that sort of thing, but there is also a supply chain problem because some of the parts need to be
imported without air links and that sort of thing, it is very difficult. but i think the ukrainians are very resilient, they have shown themselves to be over the past months, and they are taking whatever they can, in terms of a few hours of power a day. so that is when you rush and recharge your devices and that sort of thing. i have been in touch with business owner friends in odessa, they are struggling 0dessa, they are struggling very badly. a lot of them had just returned ukraine after seeking asylum overseas and try to make the best go but very difficult. , difficult. something else i want to get _ difficult. something else i want to get your - difficult. something else i want to get your thoughts difficult. something else i- want to get your thoughts on, we have had that murder trial verdict over the mh17 aircraft being shot down, what do you make of that, and i suppose the outcome, the symbolism of it, as well? i outcome, the symbolism of it, as well? . , outcome, the symbolism of it, as well? ., , ., ., as well? i was on the ground there in 2014 _ as well? i was on the ground there in 2014 when - as well? i was on the ground there in 2014 when the i as well? i was on the ground j there in 2014 when the plane came down as part of the 0ec. we were the first international ears and eyes on the ground. it
is very gratifying to see this having come full circle that people are actually charged and convicted. i have to tell you, that was a lot of shock. not only with me but other relatives i spoke to over the crypto of 0lic per lotto. —— the acquittal. a former russian soldier. he hired a top—flight defence team in the netherlands that we understand is bankrolled by the kremlin and he was acquitted. however the other three are facing life sentences, howeverall other three are facing life sentences, however all of them are believed to be in russian —controlled territory. however i believe over the years they could become careless outside of russia. so it will be very important for the international community to make sure that eyes are on these people if they do leave russia. ﬁend eyes are on these people if they do leave russia. and we are hearing — they do leave russia. and we are hearing about _ they do leave russia. and we are hearing about the - are hearing about the atrocities that people in ukraine have endured, once russian troops have left certain areas, the apparent war crimes, alleged war crimes have
come to light. does the trial in the netherlands give you some hope that russia will be held to account for what it is being accused of doing in ukraine?— being accused of doing in ukraine? ~ , �* ukraine? absolutely. after the bombinu ukraine? absolutely. after the bombing of — ukraine? absolutely. after the bombing of mariupol_ ukraine? absolutely. after the bombing of mariupol a - ukraine? absolutely. after the bombing of mariupol a few i bombing of mariupol a few months ago, the mh17 kit is probably the second biggest mass murdering of civilian since the war started not in february but way back in 2014. so i think it gives a lot of support to ukrainian prosecutors, investigators, and i think it will cause the russians also to pause, because this is quite a significant judgment. there are also millions of dollars in compensation that the court decided to grant. however russia was very uncooperative in terms of providing things like primary radar data, that sort of thing. we will see but it is going to be again very
important that these three individuals spend time behind bars because that would mean a lot of things to the families i have spoken to.— lot of things to the families i have spoken to. thank you very much. pleasure. _ the biden administrtion has given saudi crown prince mohammed bin salman immunity from a lawsuit over the murder of jamal khashoggi. the announcement has drawn condemnation from the journalist�*s family and friends. in october 2018, khashoggi was killed and dismembered by saudi agents at the saudia arabian consulate in istanbul. president biden has praised the speaker of the us house of representatives, nancy pelosi, who has announced she stepping down. mr biden called ms pelosi the most consequential speaker in us history, but that�*s not a view shared by many conservative republicans. in an emotional speech to the house, the 82—year—old warned american democracy was fragile, and must be defended from forces that wish it harm. the bbc�*s azadeh
moshiri reports. applause. after almost two decades, it is the end of the pelosi era. and with great confidence in our caucus, i will not seek re—election to democratic leadership in the next congress. for me, the hour�*s come from a new generation to lead the democratic caucus that i so deeply respect, her family was already a political dynasty. her father thomas d�*alessandro jr was the late mayor of baltimore. nancy pelosi not only inherited that legacy but created her own. i extend to you this gavel. cheering and applause. she became the most powerful democrat in congress and the very first woman to serve as speaker of the house. it is a position she has been loathed to give up. for years, younger democrats have insisted it was high time she passed the gavel but she insisted she still had work to do.
nancy, we gained in the senate. crosstalk. excuse me, did we win the senate? she went toe to toe with president donald trump. mr president, please, do not characterise the strength that i bring to this meeting as the leader of the house democrats who just won a big victory. she ushered in police reforms in the wake of george floyd�*s death, and as america underwent a racial reckoning, and this summer, against presidentjoe biden�*s advice, she became the highest ranking american official to visit taiwan, but her penchant for political theatre made her a target of republican campaigns. it even put her life at risk. capitol policeman: unless we get more munition, i we are not going to be able to hold... last year, president donald trump supporters stormed the capitol building. some of them searched for ms pelosi and even broke into her office. and only a month ago, her husband was the victim
of a break—in, meant for her. less than four months ago, neighbours aired its finale. 0ld favourites kylie minogue, jason donovan and guy pearce all returned for the last episode. fans — and the cast — thought the tv soap opera was over. but there has been a surprise announcement. claudia redmond has more.(tx # neighbours, everybody needs good neighbours... it�*s # neighbours, everybody needs good neighbours...— good neighbours... it's the news that _ good neighbours... it's the news that soap _ good neighbours... it's the news that soap fans - good neighbours... it's the| news that soap fans around good neighbours... it's the i news that soap fans around the world were waiting for, neighbours is back the long—running australian soap has been saved by amazon, and some are fan favourites are due to return to ramsay street. the show was axed after producers fremantle were unable to find a new broadcaster, after channel five dropped the long—running soap, saying they wanted to increase investment in original british drama. there was outcry from fans who started petitions and took to social media to demand the return of their much
loved programme. now, a streaming service is going to save the day. i streaming service is going to save the day-— save the day. i think a lot of --eole save the day. i think a lot of people were _ save the day. i think a lot of people were expecting i people were expecting neighbours to come back and may be five years, ten years, or even later than that, not in under three months. i think this is purely because of the amount of attention that there has been. amazon freevee, a new framing —— streaming service, it is to be imdb tv, you don�*t have to pay for it but you have to put up with advertising. i guess amazon thought what is a better way to advertise something that we�*ve got than to basically take a long running soap? by my understanding it is the first time that a streaming service has taken a commitment to basically prop up a whole soap or reputed as it were. so it is quite big news really. have you heard the news?— quite big news really. have you heard the news? filming is due to start early — heard the news? filming is due to start early next _ heard the news? filming is due to start early next year - heard the news? filming is due to start early next year and i heard the news? filming is due to start early next year and it . to start early next year and it seems that everybody does need good neighbours, after all. claudia redmond, bbc news. you can reach me on twitter —
i�*m @ benmboulos hello. our very unsettled spell of november weather is set to continue for some of us, particularly towards the north and east. there�*s some fairly heavy rain in the forecast over the next 24 hours or so. further south and towards the southwest, things are tending to dry out through the day on friday, so it�*s going to be a day of mixed fortunes. let�*s look at the expected rainfall accumulation over the next 24 hours. not much for southern england, wales, northern ireland, but take a look at scotland — this green zone here — that is where we�*re going to see the heaviest and most persistent rainfall. in fact, the met office have issued an amber warning for heavy rain in eastern scotland, particularly for aberdeenshire, angus, perth and kinross, as well. could be up to 150 mm perhaps over the cairngorms, certainly enough to cause some flooding issues. so, we�*ve had this low pressure drifting its way northwards overnight, continuing to bring all of this heavy rainfall.
through the early hours of friday morning, still a pretty soggy scene in the north and east of scotland. most of us frost—free to start the day — we could just see a touch of frost, though, earlier on across northern ireland. through the day on friday then, there�*s that persistent rain driven in by these easterly winds across parts of scotland, drifting its way westwards. elsewhere, a few showers around, but they�*re tending to peter out through the day. best of the sunshine for parts of southern england, wales, perhaps into northern ireland later in the day. it�*s not quite as warm as it has been — temperatures generally around nine to 12. then, overnight into saturday, we�*ve got more cloud and rain sitting in the east, so overnight temperatures by saturday morning around about four to six, but further west, we�*re looking at a touch of frost for parts of northern ireland, into western wales, for instance, as well. but through the day on saturday, the next front will move its way in from the west. we�*ve still got that front in the east as well, so something of a frontal sandwich, i think. we�*ve got cloud and patchy rain
moving in from the east, another area of cloud and rain from the west, and in between, there will be some sunshine and some drier weather on the cards. it�*s going to be a little cooler than it has done recently, with temperatures generally only around seven to nine around that east coast, perhaps up to around 12 down towards the southwest. it looks like the front in the west wins out as we head into sunday. it pushes its way east across the uk and it�*s followed by scattered showers. so, early on, perhaps a band of persistent rain, slowly clearing eastwards, some heavy, potentially thundery showers and turning colder — could even be a little bit of snow on top of the mountains in scotland. top temperatures by this stage around six to 11 degrees. bye for now.
this is bbc news with the latest business headlines for viewers in the uk and around the world. �*difficult times�* ahead. chancellorjeremy hunt unveils 55 billion pounds of tax rises and spending cuts, as he tries to restore the uk�*s financial credibility. i have tried to b—fab by two broad principles, firstly, we are exposed more to contribute more, and secondly, we avoid the tax rises that damage growth. but uk households now face the biggest drop in living standards in more than half a century. that�*s according to the government�*s own forecasters. also coming up: �*worse than enron�* — the bankruptcy