welcome to bbc news — i'm lisa—marie misztak, our top stories... the bbc hears from two leaders, on opposing sides, of the war in ukraine. president zelensky warns neighbouring belarus against helping russia launch a new offensive. it will be big mistake, for him and for belarussia, it will be a historical mistake. but belarus�* leader, alexander luckoshenko tells foreign journalists he would be prepared to allow his territory to be used again — for any new invasion. translation: yes, i'm ready. you say invasion, we have different views of this. i'm ready to provide territory again. in other news, the state of ohio asks washington forfederal support after a train derailment releases toxic chemicals into the air, soil and water.
the british prime minister travels to northern ireland — amid speculation about a post—brexit trade deal. if there is this possibility of a deal being agreed early next week, the prime minister is here and is going to want to try to smooth the way with the political parties. a year after retiring, the family of hollywood actor, bruce willis say his health�*s deteriorated — he's now suffering from a type of dementia. and stars gather for a fashionable farewell, at a memorial service for dame vivienne westwood who died at the age of 81. two leaders on opposing sides of the war in ukraine have spoken to the bbc in the run up to the one year anniversary of russia's invasion.
ukraine's president zelensky tells us he won't concede territory to russia in any future peace deal to end the war. he insists doing so would leave ukraine "weaker as a state," and give vladimir putin cause to want to "keep coming back". meanwhile, one of the russian leader's staunchest allies, alexander lukashenko, of belarus, has told the bbc, he'd be willing to allow russia, to launch a fresh ground assault from his country. we'll hear from steve rosenberg in the belarusian capital, minsk in a moment. but first, here's our world affairs editor, john simpson, in kyiv. a year ayearon, a year on, president zelensky may be stressed and tired but there is a definite spring in his step.
compared with the last time i met him, four months ago, he seemed a lot more confident, even though russia may soon unleash a new onslaught. translation: they are coming from several directions - and we understand it but we are holding defence. modern weapons, powerful weapons, when we get them, speed up liberation and peace because weapons are the only language which russia understands. the fact is, he knows that his nato friends are slowly giving him many of the weapons he needs, and he is sure ukraine can hold out until it is able to launch a major counterattack of its own. so he is certainly not minded to make any concessions to russia. translation: any territorial compromises will only - weaken our country. why? it is not about the word compromise. why would we be afraid of it? we have a million compromises in our lives. they happen every day. the question is, with whom? a compromise with putin? no, because there is no trust. dialogue with him?
no, because there is no trust. so no question now of agreeing to let russia have any part of eastern ukraine, and, he says, no peace is possible while russia holds on to crimea. and meanwhile, looking back... a year ago, would you have thought that you would be sitting here, still president, and the war would still be going on? translation: today, - there is already confidence that we will have a positive, victorious result. there is more confidence in that. now, though, belarus is threatening to let itself be used by russian troops for an attack on neighbouring ukraine. it will be a big mistake, for him and for belarussia. it will be a historical mistake. but if belarussia does involve itself with the attack, can you survive? we will fight.
we will survive. we will survive, yeah. john simpson, bbc news, kyiv. well, you heard president zelensky there, responding to the possibility that belarus could allow russian troops to launch a new attack on ukraine from belarusian soil. a year ago, alexander lukashenko granted permission for russian forces to mass on his border, from where their gound invasion began. lukashenko is a close ally of vladimir putin, but isn't recognised in the west as the legitimate president of belarus. steve rosenberg has more, from the capital, minsk. few people know vladimir putin as well as he does. alexander lu kashenko, the authoritarian leader of belarus. he has agreed to take questions about the war in ukraine, and his role in it. one year ago, i say, you let russia use your country as a staging ground for invading ukraine. are you prepared
to do that again? translation: i am ready to provide territory again | but i am also ready to wage war, together with the russians, from the territory of belarus, but only if anyone, even one soldier, comes to our land from ukraine to kill my people. a year ago, there wasn't any threat to you from ukraine. you don't understand the situation very well. the usa and western europe pushed ukraine into this war. well, they've got the war they wanted. russian troops in belarus. these were only exercises, but they make ukraine nervous. it is watching closely for any sign of belarus becoming the launch pad for another russian push. mr lukashenko enjoys making the russian troops feel at home.
the other thing he does a lot of is accuse the west of fuelling this war. if you continue this escalation, you will get nuclear weapons, and russia has more than anyone. if nuclear war starts, belarus will cease to exist. so i am saying we need to stop, we need to sit down at the negotiating table because nuclear war will wipe out the usa too. he is offering to host vladimir putin and joe biden in minsk for talks. the us leader will be in poland next week. translation: iam inviting president biden to belarus. it's not far from warsaw — 30 minutes and he's here. i will persuade the president of russia to come too. we will sit down and reach an agreement. that is unlikely to happen. in the eyes of the west, alexander lukashenko is very much in russia's camp,
doing the kremlin�*s bidding. steve rosenberg, bbc news, minsk. and a little later in the programme we'll speak to elisabeth braw, a security defence expert about the war in ukraine. to the us, now, where president biden says three aerial objects shot down by the us in recent days appear to have nothing to do with china. he told reporters they were probably being used by private companies or for research purposes. i've directed my team to come back to me with sharper rules for how we will deal with these unidentified objects moving forward. distinguishing between those that are likely to pose safety and security risks that necessitate action and those that do not. but make no mistake — if any object presents a threat to the safety and security of the american people, i will take it down.
let's take a look at some other stories in the headlines.... a special grand jury in the us state of georgia has found no evidence of widespread fraud in the 2020 presidential election. donald trump has repeatedly claimed the result was rigged. several witnesses were found to have lied under oath during the investigation. tesla is recalling more than 360,000 vehicles in the united states due to safety concerns over its self—driving software. the traffic safety regulator said a fault could let cars go over the speed limit or travel unpredictably. tesla says it's not aware of any injuries or deaths relating to the warning. the spanish parliament has given final approval to new laws that promote the rights of women and the lgbt community. the measures include paid medical leave for women who have painful periods, and making it easier to change a person's legally—recognised gender on identity cards. one minister described the legislation as a "great step forward" — but it has proved controversial.
the white house says the company whose cargo train derailed in ohio two weeks ago will be held to account, as anger continues to simmer in the town of east palestine. norfolk southern carried out what they called a controlled release of chemicals that were on board the train to reduce the risk of an explosion, but residents near the site are reporting headaches and nausea — there's also reports that thousands of fish have died. the company failed to turn up at a meeting for residents on wednesday leaving the town of almost 5,000 still needing answers. from east palestine, our north america correspondent nomia iqbal sent this report. the toxic smoke from the rail crash hangs over this town like a dark cloud. the train was leaving east palestine on febuary 3rd when it went off the tracks, leaving hazardous material. the smell of sulphur still lingers in the air, people say they have been suffering from headaches, they feel ill, their pets
are ill, and dead fish have appeared in some of the creeks. for ben, even the sound of trains is now unnerving. he says the noise is getting louder. this morning, waking up before my alarm because there is a train going off with these umpteen urns, and ifeel they are stating they are here, they are not going anywhere, and they are bigger and more powerful than the town and the entities that are put in place to regulate them. like many of the town's nearly 5,000 residents, he is worried about drinking the water. officials say is safe. he isn't taking any chances, though, especially as he has kids. for the town, it's going to be like a 9/11 moment, it's going to be like a pearl harbor moment where people remember where they were when it happened. the memories are going to be ingrained early on and how they felt early on, that sense of unease and chaos. i feel like there's
going to be a before and after from when that happened to living post that situation. the clear—up continues. the rocks have discoloured from where the toxic chemicals spilled. as you can see, a train is once again going through the town. once the evacuation was over, the track opened again, and this is what has upset residents so much — the fact that it has not even been that long since the disaster happened and yet the trains are still going through, carrying substances which they say they don't know what they are, and it is really concerning them. people had a chance to ask questions at a town hall meeting but norfolk southern which owns the train didn't show up, saying it was worried about security, leaving residents feeling insulted. they feel that they can take advantage of us because we are a smaller town but what rolls through on those tracks is of more value than the lives of the residents
in this community. norfolk southern has set aside more than $1 million to help people but residents say it doesn't even begin to address the long—term concerns they have about the environment and their health. nomia iqbal, bbc news, east palestine, ohio. to the situation in turkey and syria now, and 11 days on, people are still remarkably being pulled alive from the rubble left by the powerful earthquakes that hit the region. and a 42—year—woman has been pulled alive from the rubble, eleven days after two powerful tremors hit the area.
stay with us on bbc news, still to come... the fashion and film worlds come together to pay tribute to designer, dame vivienne westwood who died — aged 81 — in december. nine years and 15,000 deaths after going into afghanistan the last soviet troops were finally coming home. the withdrawal completed in good order but the army defeated in the task it was sent to perform. malcolm has been murdered. that has a terrible effect for the morale of the people. i'm terrified of the reprecussions in the streets. one wonders who is next. explosions. as the airlift got under way there was no let—up in the eruption itself. lava streams from a vent low in the crater flow down to the sea on the east of the island, away from the town for the time being. it could start flowing again at any time. the russians heralded the next
generation space station with a spectacular night launch. they called it mir, russian for peace. this is bbc news, the latest headlines ukraine's president zelensky warns belarus against helping russia launch a new offensive — but the belarussians say they're happy to back another russian attack. well, let's go back to ukraine, where many worry the country now faces a threat of a new, full—scale offensive — one aided by vladimir putin's ally in belarus, president lukashenko. live now to washington, we can speak with elisabeth braw, a security and defense expert at the american enterprise institute.
how enterprise institute. gs that ukraine's preparedness how gs that ukraine's preparedness ahead of this perceived offensive? it is perceived offensive? it is indeed an _ perceived offensive? it is indeed an offensive - perceived offensive? it is indeed an offensive thatl perceived offensive? it 3 indeed an offensive that is beginning to take place, it is an offensive that is taking place in many locations at the same time but if we look back to one year ago, when ukraine first faced the russian invasion, it is much better prepared. it also has a years worth of experience so it is very well prepared. the only challenge for the ukrainians is that the russians can keep sending in more and more soldiers, or less motivated, more and more warm bodies they can add to this offensive so this is not something to dismiss but they ukrainians are well prepared and now of course they do have a steady stream of western weapons coming in as well. �* , . ~ western weapons coming in as well. �*, ., ~ ., western weapons coming in as well. �*, ., «u,, �* ., , well. let's talk about belarus and lukashenko. _ well. let's talk about belarus and lukashenko. how- well. let's talk about belarus i and lukashenko. how important
well. let's talk about belarus - and lukashenko. how important a role does he have in this? it is an old symbiotic relationship that putin and lukashenko have. they don't particularly like each other but if you don't have many friends in the world as is the case with russia and belarus, then you have to get along with a run is you do have and nourish those friendships, that is why putin keeps relying on lukashenko al lukashenko keeps relying on putin so when lukashenko says, well, i am happy to have belarus participate in this war, it is not exactly as if he has a choice to say no, i don't want belarus to participate, simply because he is very dependent on putin and indeed on russia. so it is less generous than it sounds. it is less generous than it sounde— it is less generous than it sounds. �* ., . ., sounds. and how much do you think russia _ sounds. and how much do you think russia is _ sounds. and how much do you think russia is likely _ sounds. and how much do you think russia is likely to - sounds. and how much do you think russia is likely to make | think russia is likely to make any gains? if think russia is likely to make any gains?— any gains? if we can pair this with a year— any gains? if we can pair this with a year ago, _ any gains? if we can pair this with a year ago, and - any gains? if we can pair this with a year ago, and it - any gains? if we can pair this| with a year ago, and it seems almost like a different world a year ago when russia launched
this invasion and said, it was going to take ukraine and to replace the regime, he was talk about regime change, denazification, and now a year later we are talking about much more modest goals that russia may achieve, a little bit of territory here, little bit of territory here, little bit of territory there, he —— these are very modest gains that russia may achieve with this offensive is successful. but i think the most important thing is we'll putin be able to sell whatever gains russia makes as a victory to the russian population? because you need to sell them something order to end this war, otherwise they will ask why they have lost so many men for nothing. here in the uk, there's speculation of a new deal between the uk and the eu on post—brexit trading arrangements, after prime minister rishi sunak travelled to belfast the northern ireland protocol, had allowed
goods to travel over the border into the republic of ireland, without checks on the northern side. that meant goods were inspected before even reaching northern ireland, creating a border here with the rest of the uk. but that's always angered unionists, who say they've been cut off from the rest of the uk, and until the protocol is changed, they've refused to enter into a power—sharing agreement at stormont, leaving northern ireland with no government. here's our ireland correspondent emma vardy. tensions over the northern ireland protocol feel, for people here, like they have dragged on for a very long time. so if there is this possibility of a deal being agreed early next week, the prime minister is here and will try to smooth the way with the political parties. businesses will be very eager to hear because it will make their day to day lives easier getting goods over from great britain over into northern ireland. and the big question politically is will a deal pave the way for the dup to go back into power sharing.
the party firmly believes that the protocol has weakened northern ireland's very place in the uk and there is some scepticism over whether any deal will go far enough to reassure the most staunch unionists. so there is still no guarantee that northern ireland will be getting a government back, at least quickly anyway. hollywood actor bruce willis has been diagnosed with dementia, just a year after announcing his retirement because of a condition affecting his ability to speak and write. in a post on social media, ex—wife demi moore said the aphasia diagnosis had worsened and that the 67—year—old now had frontotemporal dementia and that communication was just one of the challenges of the disease. susan dickinson is the ceo of the association for frontotemporal dementia — ftd. shejoins us now
from pennsylvania. thank you forjoining us. we havejust had this thank you forjoining us. we have just had this update from the family of mr willis. dementia is often associated with memory loss, what is the difference between ftd and how is it diagnosed?— is it diagnosed? that's right, ftd is a form _ is it diagnosed? that's right, ftd is a form of— is it diagnosed? that's right, ftd is a form of dementia, l is it diagnosed? that's right, | ftd is a form of dementia, as we heard from the family's post. most of your watchers will be familiar with alzheimer's which is the most common form of dementia but ftd is different in three important ways. the first one is it is much less common, many doctors have not even heard of it and that really contributes to a problem getting an accurate diagnosis. the second can wait as different as it tends to occur younger, as different as it tends to occuryounger, earlier as different as it tends to occur younger, earlier in life. ftd is the most common form of dementia in people under the age of 60. the final differences it affects a different part of the brain, it also affects the memory centre
but ftd affects the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain and what we see in people with this disease are changes in language, changes in executive functioning, changes in behaviour or personality. what chan . es behaviour or personality. what changes will — behaviour or personality. what changes will miss _ behaviour or personality. what changes will miss tim - behaviour or personality. what changes will miss tim willis i behaviour or personality. what changes will miss tim willis be going through?— going through? well, i want to stress i going through? well, i want to stress i am _ going through? well, i want to stress i am not _ going through? well, i want to stress i am not familiar - going through? well, i want to stress i am not familiar with i stress i am not familiar with his specific form of the disease of the specific symptoms he is experiencing but what we know is when a person has frontotemporal dementia, what they loses these abilities to plan and organise their daily actions, and even more importantly, sometimes to understand how their actions are received by other people around them. so, for instance, you might get somebody losing their social filter, saying something rude, or you their social filter, saying something rude, oryou might get somebody who sees something in a store, a candy bar, and they wanted and they will just take it because they lost the
understanding of the social rules, you have to pay for something to take it from a store. the final thing i would say some people lose self—awareness, so they themselves may not realise how much they are changing and why their loved ones around them are upset by those changes. ﬁnd are upset by those changes. and 'ust are upset by those changes. and just briefly. _ are upset by those changes. and just briefly, what _ are upset by those changes. and just briefly, what advice do you give to any families, what symptoms might they be able to look out for? 50. symptoms might they be able to look out for?— look out for? so, really, it is a confusing _ look out for? so, really, it is a confusing array _ look out for? so, really, it is a confusing array of- look out for? so, really, it is l a confusing array of symptoms and it does happen earlier in life which is a problem. and as i said before, life which is a problem. and as isaid before, a life which is a problem. and as i said before, a lot of doctors aren't familiar with the diagnosis. i would aren't familiar with the diagnosis. iwould recommend anybody who is worried about things like this find our website, there is a lot of accurate information, it is... specifically, we have a diagnostic checklist people can download. one is the type of symptoms and on the other side
for the physician other diagnostic criteria that lead to the actual diagnoses. i recommend people, they are very concerned, take that to their physician, they can get started on getting an accurate assessment.— on getting an accurate assessment. ,, assessment. susan dickinson, thank you _ assessment. susan dickinson, thank you very _ assessment. susan dickinson, thank you very much - assessment. susan dickinson, thank you very much for - assessment. susan dickinson, thank you very much for your. thank you very much for your time. a memorial service for dame vivienne westwood has been held on thursday in london, with famous faces from around the world paying their respects. the legendary fashion designer and environmental activist died in december aged 81. stephanie prentice has more. here to honour the life of a fond friend, victoria beckham in black riveted dress joined by helena bonham carter wearing a classic tartan design for a memorial to the late vivienne westwood. her loss felt strongly by the british fashion scene with models turning out to pay their respects, as well as famous faces from around the world in the fashion, music, and art scene. and while many dressed in black, others brought touches of her signature style with flashes of colour and bold patterns and prints.
it was a fitting tribute for the grammar school girl from glossop, a small town in england, who brought punk fashion into the mainstream and quickly built a global brand based on doing things her own way. the trousers all come with a little loincloth on the back. everybody wants to know what that's for, it's just a loincloth, it's just a gesture. now finally laid to rest, her legacy will continue in both fashion and in culture. with many guests at the funeral reposting vogue magazine's tribute to her, saying that honouring the great english woman properly was a near impossible task. stephanie prentice, bbc news. that is it for us for now. you can reach me on twitter. thank you for watching.
hello there. the winds are really picking up overnight. we're expecting some travel disruption and perhaps some damage across northern parts of the uk, where the winds will be strongest — particularly over scotland, over the pennines and in the north—east of england, with the peak of the wind strength expected during friday morning. it's all due to this deepening area of low pressure currently heading to the north of scotland. that is storm otto, that will sweep its way down into scandinavia. it's the first named storm of the season, although it was actually named by the danish met service. it'll be a very windy start to friday morning, a very mild start as well. the rain in the south being replaced by showers, but it's the strength of the wind that's the story. could be touching 80 mph in the northern isles for a while, and generally across scotland, gusts of 60 or 70 mph. similar strength over the pennines and some very gusty
winds to the east of the pennines as well. now, the winds do gradually ease down through the day and we'll see this band of thicker cloud with some patchy rain heading down into southern parts of england and wales. other areas should see it brightening up and some sunshine coming through. the showers becoming fewer in scotland as the winds continue to ease during the afternoon. a mild day — temperatures 9 celsius in scotland, highs of 1a or 15 in east anglia and the south—east. northern ireland, though, will turn more cloudy in the afternoon, some rain coming in here as well, and this other area of low pressure comes in overnight. not particularly windy, but it will bring some wet weather for northern areas for a while, maybe some snow over the scottish mountains. most of that wet weather is out into continental europe by saturday morning, leaving behind this band of thicker cloud and patchy rain, southern scotland heading into the central belt. sunshine to the north of that and elsewhere in the uk, we'll see some sunshine at times, there will be some cloud as well. breezy perhaps in southern areas of england. otherwise, the winds are much lighter on saturday and it's another mild day.
for the second half of the weekend, we've got another area of low pressure approaching from the atlantic — that will strengthen the winds during sunday and bring some wetter weather for a while in northern ireland, but more particularly across scotland. and we'll see some patchy rain for northern england as well. further south, it may well be drier, a little bit brighter, perhaps some sunshine in southern parts of england. the winds, though, do pick up, always the strongest in the far north—west of the uk. second half the weekend doesn't look quite so mild, but we've still got temperatures of 10—12 celsius.
this is bbc news, the headlines: the bbc has heard from two leaders on opposing sides of the war in ukraine. president zelensky warned neighbouring belarus against helping russia launch a new offensive — but the belarusian leader said he would be prepared to allow his nation to be used for a new attack. staff from the us center for disease control are being deployed to ohio to provide support to the town of east palestine, where a train derailment caused a release of toxic chemicals. the white house says the company who own the cargo will be held to account. the british prime minister is in belfast amid speculation that a deal will be agreed on post—brexit trade rules. rishi sunak will meet political parties to discuss proposals intended to make it easier for businesses in