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tv   Bloomberg Best  Bloomberg  October 21, 2017 2:00am-3:00am EDT

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mark: coming up on "bloomberg best," the stories that shaped the week in business around the world. an economic growth matter emerges from china's party congress. >> even though he is speaking about reforms, it well continue to be on china's terms. mark: political chaos reigns in spain as madrid contains a crisis. >> it is doing exactly what madrid told him not to do. continue to talks stutter while nafta negotiation simply stalled. >> we don't know where they are going with this. has arrived onon wall street. a special bloomberg report looks
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at the impact. >> some of the highest-paid jobs are increasingly under threat. mark: plus, conversations of consequence with leading investors and executives. >> what is going on right now is a lack of alternatives. -- big banks head up a parade of earnings reports. >> the best way to get shareholders on board is to show our plans get graduate. >> our transformation is a journey. mark: it's all straight ahead on "bloomberg best." ♪ and welcome. i'm mark barton, this is bloomberg best, your weekly review of analysis and interviews from bloomberg television around the world. the week began with another development in spain's ongoing political drama over catalonia's quest for independence. matt: the president of catalonia
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failed to clarify his position on independence. defying a spanish government demand. this morning, he simply repeated his claim that he has a mandate from voters to act, but his decision to suspend the move has left the country in a state of confusion. >> he is basically doing what madrid told him not to do. we need a simple yes or no answer from you. did you declare a republic or not? essentially, it is a four-page letter where he says he has a mandate and he is willing to act upon it, but he will engage in talks with the next few months. -- next two months. the question now is what is madrid going to do? this is precisely what the government did not want. they were very specific about this. you have to answer in terms of yes or no. if you say yes, article 155 will be triggered. if you answer in any manner that is not the simple yes or no, article 155 will also be triggered.
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it is safe to say madrid has all the grants to trigger this article. >> two more wall street giants posting third-quarter reports. today, goldman sachs continued weakness in fixed income trading units, where we saw a 6% decline. 26% decline at morgan stanley. >> i thought the results were ok at both firms, better at morgan than goldman, although they were starting at different points. morgan starting at a higher point, things have been going well for them throughout the year. the bar was hired for them. they were able to achieve that. i thought the most encouraging indications were out of wealth management business. on the goldman side, they had been lagging on sick. they looked in line of that least not trailing the pact significantly. i thought that was encouraging. next step is moving forward with
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many of the growth initiatives they have weighed out over the next few years. >> ministers from canada and mexico rejected what they see as hardline proposals by the u.s. in the fourth round of nafta negotiations. parties plan on having a longer intersessional period before the next round to assess proposals. >> let's take the next month to continue our intersessional work witheet again in mexico fresh creative perspective. >> none of us want to end this process empty-handed. there is no reason for that. >> we don't know exactly where they are going with this. the idea they have extended the talks is good news and that they want to make progress. donald trump says it's a bad deal and we need to do something else. today all thehted problems the administration sees with the deal. but with the non-starting proposals, they seem to come from the united states. on the one hand, while they are
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saying bad things about each --er, they feel in of hope enough hope that they are scheduling negotiating sessions father down the road. >> we are coming down to the start of china's party congress, or president xi jinping will give the opening address. he is expected to list achievements since coming in in 2012 and will lay out his reform agenda. >> our government is in a great situation. our prospect is bright, but our challenge is also tough. >> this has been about recapping some of the achievements as the party would see them and then highlighting the areas of focus. a couple areas that stood out, president xi talked about the need for foreign exchange in yuan reform and interest rate reform on the back of the comments of the pboc governor of
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his desires to see a greater market role for the renminbi. also his comments about the greater role for state-owned enterprises and mixed ownership structure. >> what it has done is reinforced and brought the hammer down on the political economy you expect in china. which is that even though he is speaking about reforms and exchange rate and allowing foreign investment, it will continue to be on china's terms. that will be at the center of everything. there has been a reinforcement of the central message coming out of president she in recent years that it will be on his terms in terms of how china's economy develops going forward. jonathan: the spanish government announced an unprecedented decision to move forward with suspending the powers of the catalan government after the president refused to drop his claims for independence. >> the catalan president is as defiant as ever. as you mentioned, he refuses to drop this. he is insistent he has the
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mandate and the reaction from madrid is article 155. the government said they will meet on saturday. this is an urgent cabinet meeting that will come forward and come up with a way to present to the senate. the measures will be an indication of who will replace the president and for how long. also, a date for elections. >> the senate yesterday passed their version of the budget resolution, putting the ball on the house side with possible action as soon as next week. how difficult will it be to get the house to agree with the senate on this resolution? >> not that difficult. to a lot oftalking sources on capitol hill on the house side after the vote last night and pretty much what they are saying is this would be less controversial than the media has made it out to be and they are actually anticipating this to advance the first half of next week. that's good in terms of tax reform timeline efforts by the end of the year.
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>> president trump is expected to announce his decision on who will lead the fed. we were told to get a decision next week. what will the decision be? >> i think he is testing the waters by maybe letting some of these stories drift out where he is leaning or who is favoring or whatnot. i think republicans in general want continuity, so that points to either the existing fed chair or a continuation of that regime, which if you want a republican continuing the regime, it is jerome powell. kevin warsh is qualified for the job, but i don't know they will pass the trump litmus test, not impeding the trump fiscal agenda. interest rates are the throttle for the economy, so low rates will help the economy ultimately accelerate. mark: still ahead, as we review the week on "bloomberg best,"
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oil executives tell us where the crude could creep up to $60, plus, an in-depth look at how automation is disrupting wall street. we will also comb through earnings reports and up next, we will continue with the week's top business headlines. may get abanks reprieve from the fcc. >> the fcc is close to saying, it is fine if you violate u.s. rules to comply with mifid, we will not punish you for that. mark: this is bloomberg. ♪
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mark: this is "bloomberg best." i'm mark barton. let's continue our top business stories and austria when voters went for youth in the national election. >> the 31-year-old people's
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party foreign minister has claimed a victory as austria's next chancellor yet protections from yesterday's election put the nationalist freedom party within reach of second place. manus: what does the result from austria mean for the rest of the european partners? matt: for starters, it shouldn't be terribly anti-e.u. this right-wing party, the freedom party in austria, has been anti-eu in the past, but they changed tact before the election to gain ground. and because sebastian kurtz, the leader who has been elected pretty overwhelmingly in austria, has said he will not form a coalition with anybody against the idea of europe and deeper unity in europe. so he is -- the freedom party has got to conform to his ideas of europe to get together with him, or he could form still a coalition with his current coalition partner, the social democrats.
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>> airbus agreed to acquire a majority stake in bombardier's c-series program. the jetliner will be assembled in the u.s. and opens a new front in the battle with going over global aircraft sales. airbus walked away from a similar deal two years ago. what has exactly changed? >> they broke this announcement in the middle of the night to us and it was a conference call with the ceo. he said times have changed. two years ago, the seer's -- c-series wasn't certified, wasn't flying, and we didn't know if it would be popular with customers. now we have more data points on this. also, don't forget, that bombardier is in a bit of a funk. they try to sell a trained business and didn't succeed. the c-series is a troubled program even though it is popular, so they felt the longer we wait, the more time bombardier will have to find a partner. tensions are rising between
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iraq and the kurds. you see the pipeline right there that runs to turkey to approach foreign buyers. as much as 6000 gallons a day can flow through that pipeline. >> our latest intelligence -- inflows into that pipeline and it has reduced considerably. our latest intelligence shows far from pumping 600,000 barrels a day, that line is pumping 220,000 barrels a day. the hope is this will be temporary. this is nearly direct fallout from tensions. both sides have an economic interest in keeping the flows going. this pipeline is the only way of exporting oil from northern iraq and so it is the only way of generating foreign currency income from that production. guy: the swiss activist investor rudolph wally has found they need targets in the
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second-largest lender. credit suisse. according to person with knowledge of the state purchase, he has taken a .2% stake. that stake is worth 100 million francs. >> the main rationale behind the move is the share price credit around credit suisse. he is saying it is undervalued, which is something other investors would say. the reason for that is the big restructuring that bank is going through and the capital raising. shares have been up so far this year, 10% but since the ceo has been taken over, it is down quite significantly. yeah, he says this needs to be changed and this is why he took a stake in credit suisse. >> the u.s. securities and exchange commission is preparing to give wall street a reprieve. the ssc will tell financial firms they will not have to overhaul operations to comply with mifid 2 regulations.
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>> among the complicated issues with mifid, the most complicated is the sec rules. they have been lobbying the sec for months over this and the sec seems close to saying, it is fine if you violate u.s. rules to comply with mifid, we are not going to punish you for that. it is hard to see a world where wall street is going to make more money selling research than it has through trading. wall street has benefited for a long time from bundling these services. i think there will be a lot more issues down the line as clients perhaps go as far as revolting and saying, we want what the europeans have. we don't want a conflicted arrangement where we are paying you one fee for everything. we want to pay the firm who does something the best to get that service separately from them. >> president donald trump wrapping up a joint news conference with the greek prime minister in the rose garden.
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he mentioned this is a critical point. obamacare doesn't work, insurers have made a fortune and yet, it appears we have a short-term deal. >> in congress, they say they have reached a deal xlv, which tracks health-care shares, getting a list on that news. health insurers, those involved in the obamacare exchange markets, getting a boost, as well. >> president trump has said obamacare was dead and seconds later, bloomberg news reported that there was a deal between the republican and the democrat to restore the csr payments, the payments that help offset costs to middle-class people buying insurance. the very payments that trump's executive order had removed a few days ago. so basically, we did a 360-degree about-face and we are back to where we started. >> mixed messages from washington.
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only a day after senators lamar alexander and patty murray provided a bipartisan fix to shore up obamacare exchange is -- exchanges. you have house speaker paul ryan and donald trump coming out against the plan. >> i won't do anything to enrich the insurance companies. >> he is against some of the things contained in the face, -- this fix, but he has made it very clear he wants to see some sort of bipartisan deal get done that prevents people from feeling pain. frankly, i don't know if that's possible. >> china's robust factory output and consumer spending kept the economy humming in the third quarter. gdp rose 6.8%, giving president tojinping a firm footing deliver on pledges to rein in excess capacity, curb pollution and shift to a more sustainable growth. despite this, markets have not reacted positively. they are reeling from the pboc's cover -- comments on high corporate leverage. >> comments from the pboc, we heard from him again.
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at a session he was meeting with regulators and he flagged this issue of high corporate leverage and household that is something else he talked about. he was also pushed on the question of yuan reform. that was something that came up in the president's speech yesterday. the pboc governor said this is a long-term process and he sees no immediate need to change the trading band for that you went. -- for the yuan. that was another issue that came up. it doesn't seem like much for the markets to hang their hats on. there are a couple of caveats. yes, consumer spending is up. you have a lot of infrastructure spending as a result of this credit push. >> lyft, the ridesharing company, is raising another round of funding. it is being led by alphabet's investment arm, g. they were in talks a month ago and the cash infusion, $1 billion, a total game changer against its competitor, uber. >> this is clearly a huge investment and a indication,
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maybe a shift. google alphabet was one of the early investors in uber and now they are putting $1 billion either through google corporate -- i guess they are deciding to go through their private equity arm. i do know they are excited about this space. they were an early investor in sidecar and uber, and now in lyft. now they are talking about using ride hailing with self-driving car. it is a space they feel they need to be in. >> the brexit mood music improves in brussels. indication the divorce talks won't succeed and she wants to see an agreement rather than an unpredictable resolution. >> the eu said it has given the green light to start making preparations to move the talks to trade in december, but no -- that is just preparation, no guarantees. we heard from emmanuel macron in the past hour. he said the ball is in theresa may's court. we are not halfway there on the financial settlement.
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what's more, people familiar with the matter have told bloomberg there may not actually be a final number published on this divorce bill because they will break it up to make it more palatable politically. i thought that was interesting that bloomberg news managed to get that. from people familiar. even though you have the eu president, donald tusk, saying there has been progress, that is not accurate and i'm hoping to move on to trade talks by december. hope doesn't always translate to reality. ♪
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mark: welcome back to "bloomberg best," i'm a mark barton. automation has changed the nature of many industries around the world and now it is changing wall street. in a series of reports, bloomberg examined the revolution overtaking financial institutions and what it means
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for the people who were not there. >> some of the highest-paid jobs, some of the jobs but if -- where the people are literally making millions of dollars in some cases to do these jobs, are increasingly under threat of automation. that is stuff like trading on both the sell side and the buy side, meaning hedge funds and asset managers. everyone from the portfolio manager making decisions on what to investing, to the order taker on the trading floor, to the legal department that is determining whether that swaps document is valid or not, there are technologies able to do those tasks and while it is not clear they will be able to do all of it, it is still early stage, this is being actively tested and rolled out at wall street firms around the world. >> what areas of wall street are already using automation? >> they are already experiencing
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with ai over a cross-section of areas. they had the data. the thing i learned about this able --se, you are datasets, you are able to use machine learning algorithms and apply that to augment a lot of features. they are looking at hedging and market making that as well. credit is another area they are exploring. machine learning ai. >> how many jobs could potentially be lost? >> a figure that you hear often is 30% of jobs in the next five or so years. one of the people who said that, you think about that, how many hundreds of thousands of people are employed in these banks and quite often, many of them doing mechanical things, does not seem to be an overestimation. >> a lot of the wall street is taking traders, trying to bring them into the 21st century. at goldman, they are taking engineers and trying to give
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them some ability to be traders. for a long time, they had these, what they call internally as "strats." some of the original data scientists on wall street and they settled next to traders. basically combing through the data, designing algorithms and as wall street changed, more technology came into the business, they have done more. they now have 2000 strats at goldman. francine: you look at the world of ai, what is the actual piece of technology in ai that is the most promising? >> we have a piece of ai that listens to every single conference call from company management and is screening through for -- it's decided what words are the most interesting ones. one of the things is, the words you would expect it to look for like "challenging" or "difficult" you would think
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company management says, it is bad news. as the company's ceo, you learn very quickly. those words are clear. it is subtler words that machine learning is good at picking up that are the things telling you, while it says this in the headline, this is really what the person thinks. it is not, maybe one day, they will be able to judge by the way eye twitch or blink at the wrong moment, but they are not doing that today. wordshe use of certain does tell you what somebody really thinks about what is going on. mark: coming up on "bloomberg best," the week's most interesting interviews. a conversation and frank talk on the oil market from top chief executives. plus, lessons learned from a crisis three decades ago, memories of black monday straight ahead. >> it was a frightening week,
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unlike -- more frightening than any week in 2008. mark: this is bloomberg. ♪
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♪ >> when you survey the ceos, are they worried about the world at large and politics here in the united states are overseas? -- or overseas? >> honestly, no. their day-to-day, they are going all a -- out. now, will you look at the supply chain and make sure you don't have a snag in the korean peninsula that will stop your business? of course you look at those things and you prepare for those things. as a portfolio management job for us, we have to make sure we are on top of subjects like that. doesn't mean it will happen or we worry about them, but we plan for outcomes in case things happen. mark: that was blackstone, head
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of private equity portfolios. david calhoun discussing the confidence among chief investec -- investors. how are investors feeling these days? bloomberg's jason kelly sat down at the robin hood investor conference with the heavy hitter internet associates founder and chief executive ken lancome. >> what is going on in the market right now is a lack of alternatives. you look at the stock market and bonds, you know this. a 10 year, 2.25% bond, if the fed takes rates up next year 100 basis points, you know a 10 year bond is going to have a negative -- a rising yield and a reduction in value. of companiesea that have shown the ability to grow. that are generous in sharing their success with stockholders and dividends. i'm more focused on dividends
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and buybacks. i consider buybacks and on or off kind of thing. i'm sensitive to balance sheets. if there is a stress event out there, these companies have to be able to stay the course. jason: how healthy are balance sheets? >> there is enormous liquidity in the market. enormous. as the fed sops up qe, the liquidity will go away. but i look at the banks. the banks are in the best shape they had ever been in my entire life. in fact, i think the excess of regulation out of the washington -- out of washington gives us opportunities to say, regulation is more reasonable, i think this is going to be good. for example, i think the fed probably is nervous to have a big payout more than 30% of its earnings in dividends. they will let you buy all the stock you want because that can be turned on and off. i would like to see some
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flexibility on the upside of dividends. look at jpmorgan, for example. i love the bank, i tried to get jamie to run home depot when he was out of work. i wish i had gotten him. i honest to god really, really believe the banks today are a whole different kettle of fish than they were in 2008 or any time in the past. mark: the week began on a positive note for oil prices with crude holding above $50 amid signs geopolitical tensions could affect production. manus cranny went to the oil and money conference in london and asked chief executives where the market was heading. manus: what does it take to get us through $60? what does it take to break the new bandwidth in crude? >> i think, we have a solid demand and it seems to me that it is relatively stable for quite some time. the demand picture is obviously
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going to be important. the shale, how responsive that will be at various levels. we might have been surprised it is growing, but not to the extent some might have expected. that would be a critical factor in this equation going forward. manus: do you think that shale -- i see they are at peak production in the last month -- is that my read from what you just said? are we hitting peak shale? >> i don't think we are heading towards peak shale yet. there is large potential within shale. what we might not fully understand his what kind of hurdles, bottlenecks are facing with shale and how does it work? what does it take to kick off those options? manus: you say with the kurdistan issue, we could see a provocation above $60 in the near term. opec, not opec, do they need to extend -- they were saying, yes they do.
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needs to be a two-year deal. >> i think if they want to see the markets moving up, it would probably like to extend. that will be increasingly difficult for them to extend, because obviously there is upward pressure on production in many of these areas. for the price to continue moving in a northerly direction, they need to extend. manus: finally, the fractures. they are pesky, aren't they? do you think they will cap out the market? your view very briefly on frackers in the state. >> yeah, that is probably one of the biggest downsides in the market incense of price is that we still see a huge amount of production to come on from the states. we are still moving a lot of oil, even more oil from the u.s. to the far east. that will have an impact. yes, that is one of the reasons in the short-term, it can be bearish.
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mark: this week also marked the 30th anniversary of one of the days in wall street history, black monday. for some investors, the memory is still fresh. we flashed back to the crash in conversations with bloomberg television. >> i had a really interesting vantage point for black monday. as i had made plans to travel to texas to do marketing for my hedge fund, i was in dallas, the day of the crash. what was so fascinating was the hotel that i checked into had alan greenspan and margaret thatcher in attendance for some sort of awards thing -- i don't really remember what it was. the vivid memory i had was trying to call new york from my hotel room that evening to find
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out more about what was going on and not being able to call out because they had monopolized the switchboard. the federal reserve and british government monopolized the switchboard. and so, it was this odd, bizarre vantage point to be where they were physically the day of the crash. so, it was a frightening week, more frightening than any week in 2008. >> actually, it is not the date of the crash that was the big trading day. it was the next day. overnight, greenspan lowered interest rates by something like 275 basis points and the futures rallied by basis points on the 375 open. they didn't know what was happening and they thought he would ease even more. i remember the bonds, there was
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a bonds future, that was locked because it could rise above a certain level, and it was locked in. you consume the bond, the one trading in the market would be up about 10 or 11 points. at the time, that was a huge move. the largest move was not -- relative -- a statistical move, the largest outlier as a something happening as compared to what models would predict or assume was in the realm of possibility, or abnormal but within that model, was euro-dollar. i remember, the stock market moved something like, it was a few variations of 20.
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it was one and a half time in short-term interest rates. that was a big move. it was the next day. euro-dollar future. that was when i realized that options, out of money options, were extremely explosive. ♪
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mark: you are watching "bloomberg best," i'm mark barton. let's return to a roundup of the week's top stories. it was a busy week for corporate earnings reports, starting with impressive results from netflix. >> it was a blowout corner for -- quarter for the world's largest online tv service, netflix reporting an increase of 5.3 million debt subscribers in the third quarter, plus a beat on the top line, the company
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saying going to spend as much as $8 billion on programming next year. what do they spend that on? >> this is incredible. that's $1 billion higher than the market was looking for. they keep adding billions of dollars every year to their programming and they are producing more original programming, relying less on a traditional hollywood studios and some of the studios like the walt disney company are pulling back on the content they license to netflix. what we are seeing netflix do is really stake the future of the company on original programming. they believe that drives the subscriber growth and will drive cash flow and ultimately pay for these incredible programming obligations they are incurring. >> johnson and johnson announced its third-quarter earnings and cash less than an hour ago and it beat estimates on earnings per share and revenue for the quarter. on top of all that, it up estimates going forward. we heard from the president in detail about how he wants to reform health care and he adjust
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-- addressed the question of drug crisis -- prices. are you feeling the forecast of washington on your business? >> the overall discussion about overall health care cost is a good discussion to have. prices ission on narrow. the overall impact on drugs, drugs are 40% of the overall health care budget -- 14% of overall health care budget. we think the focus is to narrow, the broader discussion should be about the overall health care cost. we think the focus is a little too narrow, the broader discussion should be about the overall health care costs. >> akzonobel has missed estimates, so our earnings before interest, dropping 13%. thought to be in line with 2016. this is a business that has been around through many challenges. how do you go about rebuilding trust with shareholders? what is the most important task?
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>> the most important task, i think for shareholders is beside the dialogue that stepped up massively to explain what our plans are and what the future steps are, the other step is to deliver. in that sense, the third quarter is kind of a mixed message, one encouraged by the forward momentum and the positive turn on prices we see in the markets at the same time the third quarter, as you have seen from a variety of industry announcements. everyone else is in the same boat. of very natural disasters, hurricanes, earthquakes, all sorts of items inpening that have made it the third quarter to prove that, that is the best way to get shareholders back on board, to show how the plans get gradual or -- granular in 2020. to show the steps to get in that direction. has missedg third-quarter estimates but the
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company says it's on track to reach its outlook for 2017. if investors are concerned the revenue number in the third quarter looks a little bit light compared to estimates, should they be concerned? >> q3 is a good sort -- quarter. the company is growing by 1.3%, in line with our commitment. from theoming energy-based activities that have been growing 22% during the quarter. ofepresent over two thirds what we are selling. at the same time, the growth is profitable because we have continued on improving our operating margin by 50 basis points. it is now around 10.5% for the quarter. you know, our transformation is a journey and i am happy to see the rigorous implementation of our strategies paying off. >> nestle reported weak sales today and the culprit is the weather. a summer of hurricanes in the
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u.s. and hurricanes in europe. what went wrong? >> the weather is part of the story, what you are seeing is a longer term trend. people are not excited about mainstream big brands like they were for decades. it used to be about keeping up with the joneses, and a big brand is what you wanted because that's what jones is had. now it is about differentiating yourself from the joneses. these companies now have to and bolster dime their growth. they are doing that, but it is tougher to do it. >> adp handles payroll for roughly one in six americans. we regularly site of their high for quincy data on labor markets on bloomberg, recently, the company has been in focus because of a proxy battle. investor bill ackman has been pushing for three boards seats at the annual meeting in three weeks. adp with a letter to urgent to
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reelect the current slate of 10 directors. >> we make progress and we have plans to continue progress. in the last six years under my tenure, the margins have improved 580 basis points and we guided to another 500 races -- basis points in the next three years. we have, over the course of six to nine years, have been able to accomplish the same thing. i think it does come down to a difference in opinion about pace and risk. >> united airlines ceo oscar munoz had a bad day yesterday. he had some disappointing third-quarter earnings which hurt the stock quite a bit. then he got on his earnings call. by the end of his talking to analysts, the stock was down the most it has been in eight years. what went on in this call yesterday? >> i think analysts were looking for more clarity on how united will enact their vision on improving their yields, which
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are the shares they get paid in the u.s. market as they try to close that with delta and with american. that is the secret to more united, didn'tt give them more details to adjust their models and figure out how the company will turn things around. >> a not pleasant start for gm -- new general electric ceo john flannery. flannery is dealing with one of the deepest slumps in ge's history. the company has lost a quarter of its market value in 2017. >> it was much worse than expected. it has been really bad and margins fell 700 basis points. i looked for restructuring and it wasn't in there. oil and gas was also bad. there was a little bit of non-restructuring, but still down more than expected. organic growth was worse than expected.
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they have got to explain that. one thing people were most concerned about is cash flow from operations. they were guiding 12-14 for the year, now they are guiding seven. there are a lot of questions and part of it is he is trying to clean the decks. he is going to reset the company, the expectations, and let's just get it in front of us. >> we look at earnings from a host of big companies. let's turn the spotlight on a company not on that scale, but growing fast. in eight years, food 52 blossomed from a simple website into a thriving content and e-commerce destination for food and home products. the cofounder tells the story in the latest edition of small to big. ♪ >> our mission at food 52 is a to inspire people to eat thoughtfully and a live joyfully. we are a comprehensive resource for kitchen and home enthusiasts, meaning we offer both content and commerce and
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then community as the tie that holds it all together. my cofounder and i come from two traditional print media background. we were editors and writers. we saw this opportunity to create a brand around kitchen and home that lives online. we went out and got a book deal and got $100,000 advance and used the advanced to pay for the -- advance to pay for the building of the initial website. in 2009, when we launched, we started with recipes. an angelwe raised round of $750,000, which we used to invest in building out our own e-commerce platform. e-commerce represents 50% of our top line revenue and ad sales is the majority of the rest of the very small book sales. the majority of advertising is made of advertising and branded content. events are also a key part of all of our business. we do a lot of events with
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brands on the ad sales side. we have our own events on the commerce side often pop up where we are showcasing products, which you can typically only by online. last year, during cyber weekend, we had an outage where the company that calculates our sales tax was down for over 12 hours. we had a total backup. what we decided to do was to remove the sales tax functionality completely from the checkout process so orders could get through and turn it to our advantage by making it a promotion. we followed up with an email and said to everyone, we will cover the sales tax for the rest of the weekend. when you have a community you are talking directly with, it enables us to have a direct conversation with people. via email and via the site. this is what we are going to do. you are that important to us.
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right now, we are touching 12 million people on a monthly basis. our unique visitor growth has been 65% over the past year. we are talking to amazon alexa about a partnership, something we talk about all the time is what does the food 52 presents -- presence look like off-line? a brick and mortar presence? we are looking to profitability and it is one of our key focuses for the next 18 months, to become a sustainable business. ♪
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♪ >> take a look at the bloomberg and anr, you have the largest chunk of analysts -- that's the beige bars in the middle. there are 10 buys still, 20 holds, and five sell ratings. a lot of folks were more optimistic than they should have been on snap. mark: there are about 30,000 functions on the bloomberg. we always enjoy showing you our favorites on bloomberg television. maybe they will become your favorites. here is another function you will find useful. q uic go will take you to important quick takes.
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fast insight into timely topics. here is a quick take from this week. >> it is impossible to ignore america's opioid epidemic anymore. the numbers are staggering. nearly half a million americans say they use heroine every day. heroin overdoses have tripled between 2020 and 2014 -- 2010 and and deaths from opioids are 2014 approaching the number of deaths from car crashes. how did we get here? pain. here is the situation. there is a grim connection between opioid painkiller addiction and heroin addiction in this country. in the 1990's, doctors turned to vicodin and percocet to treat chronic pain. the number of opioid prescriptions filled in 1992, 70 9 million. by 2012, the number rose a lot to 217 million. they forced drugmakers to make perception pain medication harder to abuse.
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at the same time, heroine and -- from afghanistan and mexico became a cheaper and more read of -- readily available alternative. the result is four or five new heroine users who said they misused discussion pain relievers. here is the argument. president donald trump appointed a commission that advised him to declare opioid addiction a national emergency and rapidly expand treatment capacity. among other measures. >> it is a national emergency. we will spend a lot of time and a lot of effort and a lot of money on the opioid crisis. focusedrump said he is on cutting off the supply of drugs rather than expanding commissions his recommended. the health care bill passed that trump supported also withdraws the requirement that drug treatment be covered by make it -- medicaid. nearly every state has enacted attacking opioid abuse, including targeting doctors and pharmacists. governments have made the opioid naloxone readily available,
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overdoses between 1996 and 2014. -- could leave those who truly need opioids in needless suffering. that was just one of the many quick takes you can find on the bloomberg. you can also find them on with the latest analysts -- analysis. that will be all for bloomberg best this week. i'm mark barton. this is bloomberg. ♪ is this a phone?
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jonathan: from new york city, 30 minute dedicated to fixed income. this is "bloomberg real yield." ♪ jonathan: coming up, in the race for yellen's chair, front runners. trump's tax-cut effort takes a step forward in the senate. the ecb prepares to unveil its next move. better data offset by ugly politics. we begin with the big issue, the race for the fed chair. >> leadership matters and who is in the chair does make a difference. >> i think there are a lot of


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