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tv   Around the World  CNN  April 4, 2013 9:00am-10:00am PDT

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thanked everyone for cooperating including the d.e.a., including the police department, so everyone is involved to take down in a sense their own. >> well, you would know. sunny hostin, joey jackson, i'm fresh out of time. thanks to both of you for your insight. hey, everybody thank you for being with us. "around the world" starts now. welcome to "around the world." i'm suzanne malveaux. >> hello everyone. i'm michael holmes. let's begin in north korea. >> kim jong-un and his general might be planning to launch a ballistic missile from north korea in the near future, perhaps in a few days. whether it's a test to show of force, direct threat or all of the above is what the u.s. military is now trying to sort out today. we are live from the pentagon in just a moment. in france the debate over same sex marriage is front and center today.
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the french taking up a bill that would give same sex couples the right to mary and also adopt children. >> the lower house has already approved it. french president supports same sex marriage, but the catholic church and other religious groups and social conservatives oppose the measure. >> take a look at this. widespread flooding in and around argentina's capital, elsewhere as well. entire neighborhoods submerged. you see in some cases right there people on the rooftops waiting for help. >> and one of the heaviest storms on record took people by surprise rather. this in buenos aires. thousands are now homeless. the government is holding three days of mourning. north korea now accusing the united states of trying desperately to start a nuclear war. promises what he calls a powerful precision nuclear strike. >> here's what an american official who has been to north korea central times, former
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ambassador richardson says of all this back and forth. >> i think our response has been appropriate, cool, calm but at the same time putting our military resources ready in case there's an emergency. but if they try anything with the united states, it's suicidal. that's not going to happen. >> want to bring in our barbara starr from the pentagon. barbara, we heard bill richardson say it would be suicidal for north korea to go through with its threats. he's a diplomat. how does the military see it? >> right now what they're focused on suzanne and michael, is the possibility of that north korean ballistic missile launch in the next few days. we have fresh information that's come to us in just the last few minutes. a u.s. official telling us that u.s. intelligence now has noticed in the last few days north korea has moved missile components to its east coast. and these are consistent with a mobile missile that is of such
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concern because it can be launched from a mobile launcher. and look at that map. if it goes off the east coast of north korea where that equipment is right now, it will by definition fly over japan. and that certainly will upset the japanese. the problem of course with the mobile missile launch, you get very little warning that it would be about to happen. so the u.s. now very much watching the east coast of north korea and watching to see if north korea notifies the world in advance that it would conduct this missile launch or if they're just going to do it. it would be a test launch. they are going to test the components. that's the belief. but still any launch would be quite concerning. >> you know, barbara, we've seen this rhetoric back and forth for days and days and days now. i mean, the u.s. has had what some have called a playbook on how to deal with it. but there are those out there who say that the u.s. is playing somehow into the propaganda
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hands if you like of north korea by reacting too much and not just ignoring this guy until he actually does something. >> well, i think that's certainly a very much a view that is coming to the front here in washington over the last couple of days now. you know, you've seen the obama administration, you've seen the pentagon take a very public stance really challenge the north koreans verbally and then the north koreans have ratcheted up. and there's a lot of concern that everybody's just amping up, you know, and it's pretty much going to slip out of control if everybody doesn't take a deep breath and step back. today, the administration, the pentagon, very much doing that making the decision that they will ratchet back on their rhetoric. not necessarily pull back on any of these military moves, but ratchet back the public rhetoric and hope that they can cool down this whole thing. >> all right. barbara, thanks so much. barbara starr there. get more perspective on what is happening in north korea, the
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abilities as well as intentions in ramping up this aggressive posturing, an expert from columbia university, thanks for joining us. what do you think of the pentagon and change in posture that they're going to be stepping back from the rhetoric. do you think that's a good idea? >> well, i absolutely support the obama administration's very resolute response, firm response to what's going on in the korean peninsula. i think south korea and united states not doing much to all their provocations. first nuclear test, second nuclear test, missile launches, even just three years ago and so on. so this is the first time that we are really showing a firm response. and i support that. i think that's a good idea. >> sue mi, think back to his father and grandfather and
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people entirely unpredictable in their behaviors, this was a young man western educated, a lot of people had hoped he was a guy who could be maybe a game changer in terms of north korea's relationship with the outside world. what do you make of his motivation? a lot of people would have thought this guy would know better. >> right. first of all, you know, kim jong-un is actually making -- as unpredictable as his father was, he was at least more of a known quantity to us because we dealt with him for two decades, more than that. this guy obviously he's 29 years old, he's untested. he's been in power for just a little bit over a year. his motivations are twofold. he's still trying to consolidate internal support. so he needs to really show off and show that he's a tough guy and he can deal with us. and secondly, it's a tactic by north koreans and they love to
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do this. they try to provoke us and provocations lead usually to negotiation and then to some sort of food aid or some sort of assistance to north korea. except this time it's not really working out for them and that's why they are throwing out everything they can possibly to us. >> yeah. and they're annoying even their few allies in the world like china. sue mi terry, thanks so much. >> tonight wolf blitzer will host a special edition of "the situation room" focused entirely on the situation in north korea. a lot of people around the world paying attention to what are the next steps. >> absolutely. whole program on it too. so much to talk about. taking you now to the west bank. palestinians today buried the body of a well-known prisoner, a retired general who died of cancer this week while in israeli custody. >> this huge funeral procession
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moved outside and filled the streets of hebron, palestinians furious at israel. they say israeli doctors denied proper medical care to that prisoner which basically allowed him to die. >> so protesters and israeli soldiers have fought several days now in the west bank. two palestinian teenagers have been killed. israelis say protesters attacked a checkpoint with fire bombs forcing them to open fire. in china health officials are now racing to solve what is really a medical mystery when you think about it. a fifth person now has died from a strain of bird flu that has never actually been seen in humans before. >> you don't want this to get out of control. it's called the h7n9 strain of the virus. the number of human cases now up to 11. and they say they may have figured out the source of the infection hopefully. here's david mackenzie in
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beijing. >> taken notice of the new strain of bird flu that's affected several people in the southeast of china. they're saying because respiratory illness and a few have died. i want to show you what they believe is the source of the flu strain. they're calling the strain h7n9 believed to be an avian flu. it doesn't mean people can get sick in a place like this where the health standards are very sick and believe it can't be transmitted from human-to-human, but they're mobilizing testing and starting to work on a vaccine. >> translator: the public is concerned about the information regarding those in close contact with those infected. we are tracing many close contacts and they are all under strict medical observation. no one who was in contact with the confirmed cases has exhibited symptoms during the quarantine period. >> reporter: there's a lot of distrust with authorities here in china because of previous
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outbreaks which the information wasn't spread effectively to the people. cnn, beijing. >> a bit worrying. we have more coming up for you in this hour of "around the world." >> a 17-year-old afghan girl almost killed when her own brother attacked her with an axe. he did this because she tried to run away from her marriage to a 16-year-old man. >> this is an unbelievable story. that's coming up. also, critics call this museum exhibit jew in a box, but supporters say it is actually an important way to bring out some uncomfortable topics in the open. >> we're going to talk to the museum curator who's going to join us live to talk about what's actually behind this. we know galaxy's held together by outer space, something called dark matter. >> it's all very sci-fi. we had no idea what dark matter was until now. an important discovery from deep space coming up right here.
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oscar pistorius says he's not training again. this despite a new photo showing pistorius jogging on a track. >> now, he is of course charged with murdering his girlfriend and awaiting trial. he says that killing was an accident. pistorius has remained out of sight since he was released on bail until now. remember this yesterday? an electrical short circuit now being blamed for this huge fire the tallest building in grozny. >> and it houses luxury apartments although fortunately no one was living there when the fire started. took more than 100 firefighters to put out the flames. and nobody, nobody was hurt. >> unbelievable. >> yeah. when you hear the details of this story, it's horrifying. i mean, this is an afghan man accused of attacking his sister with an axe. >> and then leaving her for dead. wait until you see this. why? well, because the girl a teenager was tried to run away
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from her husband and it was her brother who carried out the attack. seems unthinkable. >> yeah, but places like afghanistan these types of stories are not actually uncommon. anna corrin explains why. >> reporter: slouched over in a chair, swollen eyes staring at the ground. a teenager filled with shame. pulling back her pretty head scarf she reveals deep scars across her face. for 17 years a life of pain and suffering. my family married me off when i was 12 years old, she told me. my husband was 60. every day he would beat me. i would cry and ask him to stop, but he just kept on beating me. this small fragile girl pleaded with her parents to help, but they refused. my family would hit me when i would complain. they told me you belong in your husband's house. that is your life. after five years of abuse, she
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finally gathered the courage to leave her husband in pakistan, running away with a young afghan man across the border five months ago. but according to strict islamic customs, this is the ultimate crime. i knew my husband and family would be looking for me. i knew we were in danger. days later her brother tracked them down, armed with an axe he hacked to death her friend and then struck his own sister 15 times cutting open her face, head and parts of her body. what is that on your face? left for dead, she was brought to the emergency department at this hospital by a stranger. her neurosurgeon held out little
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hope. we took her to the operating theater and she already lost a lot of blood. her injuries were horrific and her brain has been infected. we didn't think she would survive. due to the life saving treatment at this hospital, she miraculously survived. but the problem is who would care for her considering her family had disowned her. now, the government and authorities knew full well that she was here, but due to the stigma and circumstances, they wanted nothing to do with her. for two months she stayed in this hospital, doctors donating money to pay for her medical bills. finally, a women's organization took her in giving her the love and care she so desperately needed. she is one of thousands of women living in shelters across afghanistan. many of them victims of attempted killings. and while they try to start a new life, for this uneducated frightened girl it's going to be an enormous struggle.
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>> as far as the family's concerned, she's dead. >> reporter: and at times she wishes she was having attempted suicide several times since arriving at the shelter. i want to kill myself, but they won't let me. when i look at the mirror, i put one hand to the side of my face. people tell me not to do that, but i'm so ashamed. >> anna joins us from kabul. anna, that's so disturbing when you see that story. just being born in afghanistan and what some of these young girls have to endure and go through. what does her future look like? >> it's quite frightening, isn't it, suzanne? she will stay at the shelter for as long as she possibly can. at the moment she's getting an education. she's illiterate. she has no skills. the concern for all women in all these shelters is what is the
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future post 2014? that's of course when u.s. and international forces leave. there's a real fear that once they leave the funding will also leave. it's international sponsors that prop up these shelters. you know, the government they're not really quite very interested in what these shelters provide. there are some ministers who have accused them of being places of immorality and prostitution. suzanne, i can assure you having visited one there couldn't be anything further from the truth. these places are helping rebuild the lives of thousands of women who are the victims of violence. >> anna, just seems to be extraordinary that after trillions of dollars of money over the last ten years poured into afghanistan to in some ways improve the lives of afghans, you've got a situation where i know you've been looking into this and found that this sort of violence is not getting better, it's getting worse. >> yeah, that's exactly right. and the united nations has said
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just that. 20% rise in the number of cases of violence against women and girls. and that is really frightening because as you say the international community has been here in afghanistan since 2001. and you would hope women's rights had improved. now, a 20% rise in the cases we know about. so many of these cases are not recorded. that is the real concern. u.n. secretary general ban ki-moon has spoken about this and told the afghan government that they need to improve their record. they need to look after women's rights and certainly make that commitment post 2014. >> absolute lly distressing sto. >> unbelievable. you see the streets and the women are completely covered, completely shield and there really is no way of even identifying what kind of lives that they're living. >> as i say, you put trillions of dollars into trying to help a
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society and it's worse. unbelievable. >> yeah, discouraging. we've got some breaking news here. this is out of texas. the texas governor rick perry just spoke a moment ago at a press conference he was holding related to out of kaufman texas, this of course was the texas d.a. and his wife who were murdered. they've offered a huge reward for anybody who knows who is behind this. this is just two months after another prosecutor was murdered. he's how he put the problem and how they hope to resolve this. >> every line of inquiry in a relentless pursuit of those who are responsible for these crimes. we have full confidence that this investigation will lead to the conviction of whoever perpetrated these insidious crimes. today, i'm announcing that my office is offering a cash reward of up to $100,000 for information leading to the
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capture and indictment of those responsible for the deaths of mr. and miss mclelland as well as mr. hosy. already offering a $100,000 reward information leading to the arrest and indictment for those responsible for the death. it is our hope and expectation that these rewards will help convince those who may be holding important information to come forward. the kaufman county crime stoppers phone number by the way is 1-877-847-7522. let me repeat that. 1-877-847-7522. regardless, the criminals responsible for these murders will be caught. they will be convicted. and they will pay the price for
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these horrific crimes. i'd like to introduce three individuals who will provide more information, kaufman county judge bruce woods, sheriff david burns and fbi special agent diego rodriguez. >> so between those two cases you have obviously the d.a., his wife and the other prosecutor was killed $200,000 that are being put out there for any information leading to who is going after law enforcement officials. as you can imagine there's increased security. and there is a lot of concern. who's going after these guys? >> a lot of fear out there. $100,000 for each case now. that announcement a few minutes ago. rick perry there in kaufman, texas. conservative catholic country now taking a big step towards legalizing same sex marriage, but not without protest. >> we're going to have a look at where latin america as a whole stands on this issue and where the rest of the world indeed stands compared to the united states. that's when we come back. if there was a pill
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welcome back everyone. the united states isn't the only country where the debate over same sex marriage is playing out. a dramatic shift in public opinion here obviously, but other countries are grappling with this issue as well. >> and of course the question whether or not the rest of the world is following or leading. and france today a senate takes up a bill that would give same sex couples the right to marry and adopt children. the lower house has already approved it, but catholic church and other social conservative groups oppose the measure. >> in latin america uruguay is allowing -- >> so a bill was approved to legalize same sex marriage. but next week before it goes to the lawmakers of the house, well, we'll see what happens. here's rafael romo. >> reporter: senators debated for almost eight hours, but in the end the bill sailed through by a 23-8 vote. the vote puts uruguay one step
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closer to becoming the second country in latin america to legalize same sex marriage after argentina. >> translator: today, we have all become better because we got rid of this prohibition, because we have a more just legislation and raise the bar of freedom even higher. >> reporter: uruguay getting away from its roots as a conservative catholic country. >> translator: marriage is a union between a man and woman and our laws have always shown that following traditional western civilization. >> reporter: uruguay become polarized by legalization of marijuana, abortion and same sex marriage. people on all sides of the issues have protests including these women who took off their clothes in front of the parliamentary building for women's reproductive rights. the same sex marriage bill is the most recent controversial issue parliament has taken up.
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the bill will now be sent back to the lower house of the uruguay parliament. lawmakers approved a different version of the bill in december. the president has indicated he has no objections and would sign the bill into law. the gay rights movement is gaining momentum in the region. a march of support in gay rights in chile, so far that country has not considered the issue of gay marriage. >> translator: we think that society has to accept us as we are so that we no longer have to hide behind the suit because we are already part of society. we're no longer a sexual minority. >> reporter: there was celebration on the streets in july of 2010 when argentina became the first country in latin america to allow same sex marriage. mexico city legalized it three years ago, but it's still outlaw in the country as a whole.
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>> rafael joins us. a couple questions for you. here in the united states we know that it is the supreme court the law that is catching up to society, the government catching up to what people want, how does it work in south america? who's actually leading the charge? >> the reality is that latin america is becoming more and more secular. you saw it in argentina, now it's happening in uruguay and then these protests in chile asking for gay rights that would have been unthinkable ten years ago. so more and more you see people taking care or caring about those issues that in the past were not even discussed. and that's a reason why you see this bill. >> does it dramatically change the law? what does it actually do to the existing law? >> that's a good question, michael. i was actually taking a look at what the text of the bill says. and it is very interesting. for example, first of all it defines marriage as a permanent union under the law of two persons. it used to be husband and wife, of different or same sex. also, it changes the words
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husband and wife to contracting parties or spouses. and number three, and this is very interesting because in latin america people use two last names, fathers and mothers. it allows parents to choose the order of last names in cases for example where a same sex couple is adopting a child, it defines how that is going to be done. so it is very specific as to what's going to happen, very practical. they're already looking at all the issues that may arise after this. >> do we think there's a trend here? do we think this is going to signal other countries in latin america to move forward on same sex marriage? >> probably -- the next country to jump on the bandwagon would probably be chile, i don't see countries like mexico or colombia doing that just yet. same sex marriage has been legal since 2009, but the rest of the country remains very conservative.
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and as a matter of fact states in the country are passing laws that prohibit gay marriage. so it's going to be many more years before you see a change there. >> okay. rafael, good to see you. fascinating story. >> thanks, rafael. a german museum exhibit features a jewish person sitting in a glass box answering questions from visitors. >> critics call it the jew in a box, and they say it is insulting. but the museum curators say it's art, it's honest. we're going to speak with one of those curators up next. if the , isn't a thing at all? it's lots of things. all waking up. ♪ becoming part of the global phenomenon we call the internet of everything. ♪ trees will talk to networks will talk to scientists about climate change. cars will talk to road sensors will talk to stoplights about traffic efficiency.
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and don't get heartburn in the first place! welcome back everyone to "around the world." here are some of the other stories we're following today. >> in eastern afghanistan afghan officials say a nato air strike has killed four local policemen and two civilians. a spokesman for nato says they are investigating what happened. in cairo an episode of
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"daily show" caused a twitter war. the tweet came from the u.s. embassy in cairo with a link to the show. >> so what is this all about? in it jon stewart criticized the egyptian president for the arrest of this man here, he's simply a comedian. and he's often been compared to stewart. >> the popular comedian was taken in, we reported this the other day, and questioned by egyptian state authorities last week eventually fined for insulting islam and the egyptian president. >> so when the u.s. got involved, the u.s. embassy posting this link, the office of president morsi, well, they shot back with their own tweet saying it is inappropriate for diplomatic mission to engage in such negative political propaganda. >> that apparently led to the shut down of the twitter feed on wednesday, it is back up. but surprise, surprise without the offending tweet. >> twitter war. in south africa president jacob zuma says the health of nelson mandela is now improving. he visited the former president
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today in the hospital. and mandela, he is 94 years old, he is being treated for a lung infection. everybody wishing him the very best. >> yeah, the news pretty good. getting better it would seem. well, it's the purpose of art to get people talking, then an exhibit at the jewish museum in berlin is fulfilling that mission that's for sure. >> yeah. one part of the exhibit making some folks kind of angry. so here's what we're talking about here. it is a simple chair. it's a glass box. so a jewish man or woman sitting there for a couple of hours, they sit in the box. they invite visitors to ask them about anything about their religion or what is it like to be jewish. the thing is it's the box part that's making people uncomfortable here. >> exactly. the critics are saying it's dehumanizing, degrading even. and they call the exhibit jew in a box. well, the curator of the exhibit joining us now from berlin. first of all, you take offense at the start of people calling this jew in a box. what is the name of the exhibit
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and explain more your idea behind it? >> the actual name of the exhibit is the whole truth, everything you ever wanted to know about jews. and the idea about the jew in the box that we don't call jew in the box is we wanted to give the opportunity for people to actually meet a real jewish person. in local libraries in the states you have people meeting the doctor, the dentist, the policeman, why not meet somebody jewish? in germany it's strange for someone to meet someone jewish. they just don't have that opportunity. and people here who are jewish in germany feel themselves about curiosities. >> just if i may, there are a lot of people weighing in on this. some criticizing they see this as almost somebody who is almost like in a cage or an animal. so he tells the associated press he was horrified by this because he said it's a horrible thing to do, completely degrading, not helpful, the jewish museum
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missed the point. if they wanted to improve relations between germans and jews here. very, very uncomfortable with the presentation of this. can you just address some of the criticism, the discomfort people have with this? >> well, first of all, the gentleman that made that comment had not actually seen the exhibition. and this showcase is one of 30 showcases in the entire exhibition and each one deal with different questions. questions about what germans have in germany about the jewish religion. we have the question are there still jews in germany? the most positive way to answer that is to show, yes, jews are live and living here and shows continuation. it's something very, very positive. it's not a closed box. it's a showcase which is open at the front. it's very welcoming and the visitors approach like you would an information box. >> sort of like a frame i suppose in an art gallery from your perspective. you mentioned that there are not a lot of jewish people in germany and that people don't often get to interact with jews. what are the sorts of questions
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people are asking? >> well, they're asking very simple questions like why are you sitting here? what's your personal experience of living in germany? but also about the jewish religion. and we get the stereotypical questions about why are jews great musicians? and the person in the box is not a famous personality. it's just a jewish person. a different jewish person every day. they don't necessarily know the answers. it's just a person. they're not experts on everything. >> sure. who are these people? what is their experience when they're in the box? how do they experience when they come out of the box and get all these questions from folks? >> a lot of people are very, very tentative about doing it. i think nearly everybody who's done it would like to do it again. i think for them it's very enriching to come into direct dialogue. and for some reason this is a situation where people feel free to ask the questions which are really bothering them and gives them the opportunity to actually
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bring it out into the open. that's what this exhibition tries to do is encourage a discourse and to open the discourse and to get those taboo questions out on the table. we also have the question for example, is anyone allowed to make a joke about the holocaust? can a german criticize israel? these are questions never really allowed to ask. this gives them a forum. >> all right. thank you very much. we appreciate you coming on and addressing this. of course a lot of people have been talking about this exhibit. you see that young man who's in the box, he seems quite comfortable. seems ready to answer the questions that are presented there. >> meant to be thought provoking, certainly did. >> just that. all right. well, the chances of all-out war between north and south korea they do seem pretty slim if you're sensible about it. but worst case, what would that war look like? >> well, we're actually going to show you that possible scenario, gaming it out up next. [ male announcer ] this is george. the day building a play set begins with a surprise twinge of back pain... and a choice.
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thanks for joining us. back again. north korea cranking up tough talk another notch directly accusing the united states of actively pursuing a nuclear war. >> u.s. officials say they have reason to believe the north koreans will soon launch a missile off their east coast, but possibly just a test run, a show of force perhaps. >> the pentagon says u.s. military missile defense systems and people are on the way to guam right now. it's an island that north korea calls a possible target now. >> so hypothetically what would a full-on military conflict with north korea look like? >> our tom foreman, he got together with retired army general to try to visualize a worst case scenario. >> despite the global imly kagss of a full-on clash between the north and south, the truth is the brunt would be bourn by the
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korean peninsula. we know the dmz is so heavily fortified, neither the south nor the north could simply bash through there. but what would happen if the north got aggressive and wanted to start a fight? >> tom, the first thing we would see is artillery and missile fire coming from the north from the north slope of those mountains that define the dmz. so the coalition forces in the south wouldn't be able to see that when it's about to happen. >> what also would we be seeing at that time? >> simultaneously north korea will insert probably by submarine and by air their special operations forces. they have a very large special operations capability. they'll also activate sleeper agents that have been in the south for quite some time. >> and that would guide the artillery and missiles. what would the u.s. and south korean forces and others do in response to all this? >> very first thing is they would increase the presence of the united states navy, primarily like we see here. aircraft carriers to get more aircraft into the fight. so the air force and naval air would go after those artillery and missile pieces. then they would go after the air
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defense capability in the north, the command in control, much like communication capabilities in the north. so they would command the air space. >> and ultimately after things like bridges, roads. >> absolutely. eliminate the freedom of movement. >> this is a worst case scenario. >> i don't think that's going to happen. what's probably going to happen is limited objective attacks much like we saw a few years ago. >> against the islands, against that boat. >> exactly. >> a few targets. >> just to show they were strong. north went after south korean targets, not u.s. presence. >> and that's what we might see if this were to play out in the worst ways as we move forward. >> fascinating. and tonight 6:00 eastern wolf blitzer's going to host a special edition of "the situation room" because a lot of people looking at that. very, very tense right now. >> yeah. a lot to talk about. don't miss that tonight on "the situation room." well, you could call it the glue that holds the universe together. >> so we really don't know what is the so-called dark matter? what is it all made up of? now i think we have an idea. >> we have an idea now.
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we'll tell you about that when we come back. this day calls you. to fight chronic osteoarthritis pain. to fight chronic low back pain. to take action. to take the next step. today, you will know you did something for your pain. cymbalta can help. cymbalta is a pain reliever fda-approved to manage chronic musculoskeletal pain. one non-narcotic pill a day, every day, can help reduce this pain. tell your doctor right away if your mood worsens, you have unusual changes in mood or behavior or thoughts of suicide. anti-depressants can increase these in children, teens, and young adults. cymbalta is not for children under 18. people taking maois, linezolid or thioridazine or with uncontrolled glaucoma should not take cymbalta. taking it with nsaid pain relievers, aspirin, or blood thinners may increase bleeding risk. severe liver problems, some fatal, were reported. signs include abdominal pain and yellowing skin or eyes. tell your doctor about all your medicines, including those for migraine and while on cymbalta, call right away if you have high fever, confusion and stiff muscles or serious allergic
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all right now. here's a heavy topic. you know what the universe is made of? >> all that glue, the dark matter, right? that's what they're calling it. >> we talk about this over dinner every night. >> so i guess it's exciting, right? space station researchers are one step closer to finding out what all of this is and what
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it's made of. nick payton walsh, he's got the idea. >> reporter: it's been called the glue that binds the universe together, dark matter. scientists have never seen it but guess it must invisibly exist because galaxies are heavier than the stars they can see and measure like the stunning phenomena of the northern lights. they think dark matter accounts for a quarter of the universe, so proving it's there is vital. it's the heavy matter in a galaxy that stops it falling apart as it spins. so how do they think they found it? well, you can't see dark matter at all, but sometimes it collides with other particles of dark matter in a process called annihilation. and it's annihilation which is given this previously
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imperceptible dark matter away. when that happens, scientists think they should see a slight rise in the presence of something called positrons as the universe's counterbalance of the atoms you learned in school. >> relativity explains the motion of our planet and the stars in the galaxies if there is still to be maintained, then dark matter needs to exist. >> reporter: a rise in positrons is what they think they've measured on the international space station using a $1.6 billion sensor, the most expensive yet. but finding dark matter is so dramatically important because its mass lets galaxies hang together, it lets us exist. >> all right. nick payton walsh joins us now from london. tell us what it may mean to shed let's say new light on dark
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matter. >> a pretty big deal for scientists in many ways because they've been relying on dark matter existing to explain kind of a missing quarter over the universe that doesn't work out under their math. galaxies spin so quickly they need to be heavier otherwise they'd fall apart. they keep measuring galaxies more precisely. in many ways if dark matter didn't exist, scientists would have to invent it for themselves otherwise einstein's theory of relativity wouldn't make sense. the key thing for them as they learn more about what the universe is made of, they can begin to get into greater detail about how it will proceed in the future, michael. >> so it's like a glue. why do they call it dark matter? >> well, because we don't have a name for it. they've never seen it. they don't know what it exists of. it's perhaps exists from positrons similar to electrons you see in every atom, one said we call it dark matter, we don't know what it is and if it didn't exist, we would have to invent
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it. >> that makes perfect sense. >> answer it honestly. >> he's in london with dark matter, go figure. good to see you, nick. >> all right. we're going to take a quick break. be right back. [ chainsaw buzzing ] humans. sometimes, life trips us up. sometimes, we trip ourselves up. and although the mistakes may seem to just keep coming at you, so do the solutions. like multi-policy discounts from liberty mutual insurance. save up to 10% just for combining your auto and home insurance. call liberty mutual insurance at... to speak with an insurance expert and ask about all the personalized savings available for when you get married, move into a new house, or add a car to your policy. personalized coverage and savings -- all the things humans need to make our world a little less imperfect.
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all right. check out this video. an example kind of i guess some
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bad decision making if you will. >> yeah, really. check this out. the guy, yes, he is drunk. this is in northern china. got himself into a bit of a bind. he dropped down there. he was up on a utility pole, dangled from the power cables, he's 30 feet above the ground. >> all right. authorities at least they cut the power, thank god. then they tried to get him down. to no avail. he finally falls to a second layer of cables and then into the net below. >> yeah. >> lucky for him. >> didn't hit the ground. no one was hurt in the making of that little clip. >> but not his best moment i'm sure. >> had a headache though. >> a really big one. >> a really big one. that will do it for me. thanks for watching "around the world." i've got to get out of here. you stick around. all right. cnn "newsroom" starts after this quick break. tdd#: 1-800-345-2550 when i'm trading, i'm so into it,
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