Skip to main content

tv   Pandoras Promise  CNN  November 9, 2013 4:00pm-6:01pm PST

4:00 pm
prohibition is over. >> immaterialed to read more on social media. you and your panel should smoke a joint and talk about it. i'm don lemon. if news breaks, turn to cnn. "inside man" begins now. hey america. remember the good old days? no, not those good old days. i'm talking about the ones we had a few years ago. home ownership was at an all-time high. unemployment 5.6% and falling. it seemed like we were all on the road to riches. it almost seemed too good to be true. well guess what? it was. when the bottom fell out of the real estate market, millions of americans fell on hard times. some lost everything.
4:01 pm
in one way or another, most of us are still recovering. thing is, it's not just people in businesses who suffered. >> jefferson county, alabama filed for the largest municipal bankruptcy. >> city of opportunity finding itself in bankruptcy. >> cities are going broke. nowhere is it more apparent than stockton, california. 2012 was the time to declare bankruptcy in history. ♪ >> hi, how are you? >> hi, how are you?
4:02 pm
welcome. >> thank you. >> checking in. >> checking in. spurlock. >> your first time to stockton? >> my first time. >> very good. >> nice! wow. wow. this is a -- this is like a really -- this is a really nice hotel room, a nice view. look at this. the arena. the waterfront. waterfront park. look at this and you don't think anything is wrong. it's pretty. it's beautiful. there's ducks. anywhere there's ducks, good things are happening. it's hard to believe this is the largest bankruptcy city in america.
4:03 pm
it's like a really nice, empty hotel. i really think i might be the only person staying here. for a city that just declared bankruptcy, stockton doesn't look that bad, but looks can be deceiving. the economy suffered in 2008. five years later, when other towns are digging out, stockton is in deeper than ever with record crimes and the highest unemployment. it's not just my hotel that is empty. stockton had the largest foreclosure rate in the nation. still, it hasn't been all bad. i mean, they did win an award. >> forbes magazine ranked stockton as the most miserable city in the united states. >> why was stockton hit so hard? who is to blame and is there any way out of it? >> enough is enough! enough is enough!
4:04 pm
>> to learn more, i decided to attend the city council meeting where they gathered to talk about how the city is doing. >> good evening. welcome to the stockton city council meeting. we are happy you could join us. i would like to welcome community leader, dave from realty church to give the invocation tonight. thank you. >> thank you. bow your heads with me, please. heavenly father, i thank you for this privilege, lord. i pray you would restore this city, a broken city that needs you especially in light of the state of our finances. we ask you would bring about a miracle of god to make this city, which has in the past been so prosperous and prominent in the state. once again, be a safe and a prosperous place. >> sometimes we have to focus on something that inspires us to keep hope alive.
4:05 pm
the beautiful rose garden in victory park. >> we are going to continue to zig and zag and come up with different ways to continue to make our great city this all american city that it's won twice. >> considering the circumstances, it seems like they are lobbing softballs at the mayor. not everyone is playing. >> when things are going bad, you need to make a change. bankruptcy, high crime police officers working without a contract. fire department destroyed and the list goes on and on and on. >> today, we are the foreclosure capitol of america. today, we are the homicide capital. >> the trash, it's dirty. >> mayor johnson, please resign. >> your crime against humanity. >> your time is up. >> tell me about the boom years
4:06 pm
of stockton. >> in' 99, the city was beginning to come out of the recession of the '90s. by 2004, it was a booming economy. we had thousands of people moving in here from the bay area because they could afford the homes here. they could buy a great house in a great subdivision and commute to work in the bay area. our population expanded by like 20%. >> why did stockton go broke? >> when the money was rolling in, tax money, sales tax money, property tax money, the decision was made to try and invest the money that was coming in into things that would benefit the community. >> things that would benefit the community like new schools, better roads, more police and emergency service workers, right? not exactly. this is the marina they built. this marina cost $22 million.
4:07 pm
it's just a place to dock boats. there's no gas. no place to get food or place to dump your waste. it's a marina that doesn't serve the purposes of a marina. it cost $22 million. this is an awesome baseball stadium. you have to admit. but, you know, you have to wonder how much money does a minor league baseball team generate. for pacific pride you could do a lot of other things with $22 million. it's a nice looking arena. and a great place to catch cirque du soleil when they come to town, once a year. this is the crown jewel of stockton. in the middle of the boom, the city hall decided, what we need is a new city hall for $40 million. they ended up defaulting on it.
4:08 pm
now there's a bank in the bottom, some people on a couple other floors. most of this giant building is empty. as if that's not bad enough, they spent $32 million on two parking garages next door which they also defaulted on that aren't being used. throw in a couple other pet projects, all told they racked up a hefty bill. they decided to pay for it the old fashioned way. they borrowed for it. by issuing bonds to cover the cost of the projects. when the housing bubble burst, the tax revenue dried up and they were unable to pay back the loans. >> it was interesting because stockton was this boom town. a boom town that came into existence during the gold rush. when you look at things being built, it was a gold rush mentality. a dream of what the city would be and what you wanted the place
4:09 pm
to become. right when the dream was about to be realized, everything crashed. everything collapsed. i started part-time, now i'm a manager.n. my employer matches my charitable giving. really. i get bonuses even working part-time. where i work, over 400 people are promoted every day. healthcare starting under $40 a month. i got education benefits. i work at walmart. i'm a pharmacist. sales associate. i manage produce. i work in logistics. there's more to walmart than you think. vo: opportunity. that's the real walmart. yeah. i heard about progressive's "name your price" tool? i guess you can tell them how much you want to pay and it gives you a range of options to choose from. huh? i'm looking at it right now. oh, yeah? yeah. what's the... guest room situation?
4:10 pm
the "name your price" tool, making the world a little more progressive. dad! dad! katy perry is coming to town. can we get tickets, tickets? hmm, sure. how many? well, there's hannah, maddie, jen, sara m., sara b., sa --
4:11 pm
whoa, whoa. hold on. (under his breath) here it comes... we can't forget about your older sister! thank you, thank you, thank you! seriously? what? i get 2x the thankyou points on each ticket. can i come? yep. the citi thankyou preferred card. now earn 2x the points on entertainment and dining out, with no annual fee. to apply, go to
4:12 pm
for a decade, stockton rode the housing boom for all it was worth, building new homes for a growing population hungry for real estate. after the housing market collapsed, thousands of people
4:13 pm
suddenly found themselves unable to pay their mortgages. with nothing left to loose, many residents just walked away, leaving neighborhoods like this one full of middle class homes that are modern, spacious, and completely abandoned. >> i believe at one time there was upwards -- i know there was well over 33% were vacant. and i think at one point it got closer to 50% in this area in western ranch. >> wow. >> richard and his wife anne have lived in stockton for more than 12 years. they say all the empty houses have torn the fabric of their community. >> is there a lot of crime in this area now? >> there is now. i mean, it's pretty obvious which homes are lived in and which is not. say you're a criminal, it's pretty easy to decide which house you want to hide out at. there was a shooting last week. >> last thursday. six rounds. and then three hours later, we get another one, and it is like a couple more blocks down. >> you're like wow, that's the neighborhood we live in now. >> yeah. i don't want to be in that kind of a neighborhood.
4:14 pm
>> the new one is they knock on your front door. if you open the door, at gunpoint they take your stuff. if you don't open the door, they go around the back and come in the back door. >> and that's happened in your neighborhood? >> yeah. that's how brazen is it now. western ranch used to have a substation. we used to have our own police station and have officers around all the time. we don't have police officers out here. so it doesn't take a very advanced criminal to figure out there is nobody here to catch me. i'm pretty open to going out and doing whatever i want, right. >> all i want is a stop in the violence. i mean the violence stops, then the home values go back up, of course. then the jobs come back to stockton. business comes back to stockton. all the businesses that left come back. it starts at the very bottom, which is the crime. >> yeah. it sounds like a simple idea. stop the crime, watch the city spring back to life. only in stockton it's not that easy.
4:15 pm
deep budget cuts have made even the most basic municipal tasks like john crutch's code enforcement incredibly difficult. hey, lynn, is this dispatch? hey, this is john over in code enforcement. i was wondering if i could get a police officer to meet me at a vacant house. >> who are you calling right then? >> police dispatch. >> okay. >> my contact, who was supposed to be tagging along, he was just kind of driving around in the part of town we were going to go to, and then they just found three burglary suspects. it happens every time. >> wow. >> yeah, yeah. >> just another day in stockton? >> that's it. >> john's job boils down to stopping crimes before they start, boarding up vacant homes, and protecting neighborhoods against urban blight. but in a town with thousands of vacant housing units and only 12 enforcement officers, it's fair to say that the good guys are a little outnumbered.
4:16 pm
>> it looks like the posting is on the window. that's a requirement. we don't really care for them too much. when you see stuff like this, all the transients and teenaged kids in the neighborhood know it's a vacant house. >> right. >> when we see these blankets and sheets up, it's a pretty good sign that someone is living in there. i would bet on it. >> so a lot of times the neighbors actually call in? >> absolutely. >> and notify you. >> right. the complaint said there is transients living inside. >> okay. >> and a lot of the property owners, they know best. they know who is supposed to be here. they know the house is supposed to be vacant. >> not our guy? >>, no it's him. ♪ >> a k-9 unit. come out with your hands up. come out with your hands up. >> it smells terrible in here. >> places are real easy to get into, and they just squat here
4:17 pm
and do their drugs, and they'll sit here until they get caught. and then they'll just go to the next one. >> so have you seen places that you have boarded up before that you have had to gone back, gone back a second time? >> i've gone back to the same house ten times. >> wow. >> what will stop you. >> this one is still boarded up. that's a good sign. >> for whatever reason, they're getting inside. squatters have gotten in this garage twice now. hey, how is it going? >> all right. >> what is up? this is where you're hanging out now? >> yeah. >> how long have you been staying in here? >> i've been here for two weeks. >> is there nowhere else to go? is there no shelters or anything here? >> you should see the shelters. packed. sidewalks outside with tents and cardboard boxes. hello, city of stockton. anyone in here?
4:18 pm
>> it's like they were cooking. >> yeah. >> what is that, heroin? >> yeah. >> a little crack pipe. >> right. >> oh, boy. and you can see the garage is open. >> i know. there is all kinds of stuff back there and the garage is open. >> son of a gun. are they getting in the garage? >> yeah. >> oh, boy. >> so they're climbing over the fence every day? >> in this case we're going to have to have our contractor come out, unscrew the board they put in so they can get in there and then secure the garage back up. work with us. we're trying. >> thanks, man. >> this doesn't stop. >> no, not at all. overmany discounts to thine customers! [old english accent] safe driver, multi-car, paid in full -- a most fulsome bounty indeed, lord jamie. thou cometh and we thy saveth! what are you doing? we doth offer so many discounts, we have some to spare. oh, you have any of those homeowners discounts? here we go.
4:19 pm
thank you. he took my shield, my lady. these are troubling times in the kingdom. more discounts than we knoweth what to do with. now that's progressive.
4:20 pm
nthat's why they deserve... aer anbrake dance. get 50% off new brake pads and shoes.
4:21 pm
4:22 pm
stockton is not the first city to face financial doom. all across the country, cities, counties, and even states have had to come up with some pretty desperate measures to avoid or try to avoid sliding into bankruptcy. in utah, a state senator suggested abolishing the 12th grade the save a little cash. >> go, utah! >> texas governor rick perry propose adds brand-new tax on strip clubs to balance the lone star state's state budget. and the city of pontiac, michigan, sold the silverdome, former home of the detroit lions. completed in 1975 at a cost of
4:23 pm
$55.7 million, roughly $238 million today, pontiac sold it in 2009 for $583,000. about 1% of what it cost to build. they netted just about enough cash from the deal to buy a nice three bedroom in phoenix. there is harrisburg, pennsylvania. they racked up a $310 million debt by failing to fix a broken trash incinerator. so steven reed, the mayor at the time, did what any responsible mayor would do. he used the money that could have gone to fix the incinerator to travel the country and collect $8 million worth of artifacts for a proposed wild west museum. located in harrisburg, pennsylvania. stockton didn't go the wild west route. they did something even more desperate. faced with huge deficits, they made drastic cuts to municipal services, including the department of public works, the fire department, and a full 25% of their police force. >> there have been a lot of
4:24 pm
people who said part of the reason this problem came about, or one of the big reasons was the influence of the police and fire unions. >> yes. i mean, two years ago, i looked at salary statistics. there were over 200 employees in the city out of 1700 that made over $200,000 a year. the majority of those, all but about 15 were in the fire department and the police department. that was an eye-opener to me, because you expect some of the key management people to, you know, have the higher salaries. i mean, our city manager makes a little over 200,000. his deputy makes 190, something like that, the highest paid. they do the work. >> right. >> but for, you know, the policemen, the firefighter to make almost $200,000 or over $200,000, it's like whoa.
4:25 pm
>> stockton saw the results of the cuts they made almost immediately. just not the results they wanted. >> shooting, the 299th shooting of the year. male victim steven. he was shot in the back, transported to county hospital. carjacking, kidnapping, south, 1127 east main street, 19-year-old male victim. >> violent crimes spiked, making stockton one of the ten most dangerous cities in america. >> stockton 911, what is yourself emergency? >> in 2011, they had 58 homicides, a record-breaking number that strained the response team even further. >> she is in shock. >> walk me through what happens. >> okay. these are all the calls that are holding that have yet to have been sent an officer. and then this right here is going to be all the officers that are currently on calls. and these are the calls and the addresses that they're sent to. so we just had a homicide. so that's what they're going to be working right now.
4:26 pm
>> male is dead and the female is still breathing. right now we're calling these. i don't know who we're going to send. >> you have information on that homicide, like what happened? >> i got a report of a neighbor that said that they heard some shots fired in the area. and when they went to go check on their neighbor, they found her down. we just had a double homicide last night too. >> there were three homicides this weekend, right? >> yeah. >> how long have you been here? >> five years in december. >> five years in december. so you basically started right before the housing collapse. >> yep. >> how was it then until now? >> we had more people that were working amongst us. >> yeah. >> and more officers on the street. when you don't have as many officers on the street, it makes it difficult when you're doing your dispatching job, because you have nobody to go to the calls. as you can see, we have 43 that are still holding that don't
4:27 pm
have anybody that has even responded yet. we just don't have anybody to go. >> that's -- that's disheartening. >> you try to get them the help as fast as you can, but we can only do so much with what we have. >> it appears this isn't as related to the 187 on regent, female victim is being transported to amr to county. >> have they found a third victim. >> have another body inside the van. medics are on the scene. third victim is 972. what is 972? >> dead. >> is that the most homicides that have ever happened in stockton? >> yes. >> ever? >> yes. >> wow. we broke our record 45 minutes ago. >> and there are still two and a half months left in the year. >> yeah. >> yeah. >> there is two people shot on wagner heights. one is a 187. i think the other is still alive.
4:28 pm
>> i'm riding to the crime scene with responding officer sergeant bill hutto. they tell me there were two bodies there, is that correct? >> i don't know if there is three or four homicides related to this incident. but we're going to go over to the regent, which is where the command post is set up, and we'll get briefed there on what is going on. >> sergeant hutto is a 23-year veteran of the stockton police force. and in more than two decades of service, he has never seen the city as dangerous as it is now. >> we went this past, i think, five or six weeks with only two homicides. pretty slow for us. >> yeah. >> and everybody is like wow. and maybe things died down. and then you get a weekend like this. >> right. is it six in total now?
4:29 pm
>> there is three today. that makes eight for the weekend, from today's incident. if there is another one, it will make nine. >> wow. that's incredible. >> yeah. >> so what do you think is part of the reason why there are more homicides now than there have ever been? >> less staffing all the way around. >> yeah. >> there is less detectives, less officers. code enforcement has been cut. our csos have been cut. >> can you just walk me through what happened here? >> i know that a guy, i don't know who, killed a lady here. >> uh-huh. >> and then went to the other address on wagner heights and killed one or two more. >> okay.
4:30 pm
>> and killed himself. >> at that address? >> at that address. >> okay. >> and then when they checked his vehicle that was out front or nearby, they found another person in his vehicle dead. >> okay. 957 is shots fired. >> shirt with jeans -- 957. >> you'll hear that quite a bit. hey, where are you at? okay. i'm en route. >> are they at the other crime scene? >> yeah, they're on wagner heights. >> okay. >> i've worked homicide prior to becoming a public information officer. this is something that i have never seen. >> right. >> our homicide unit right now is depleted because of limited resources. and we've had to call in other detectives from other units within the police department just to come out to assist our homicide teams with witness statements and processing the crime scene. >> right.
4:31 pm
>> so very taxing right now. >> yeah. >> the bottom line is when you cut 25% of the department and 25% of the city workforce, and your crime starts going through the roof, there is a direct correlation. >> that may be true, but in spite of stockton's obvious need for more police, many residents have followed the mayor's lead and laid the blame for the city's troubles at the feet of the firemen, police officers and their unions. >> when you hear people -- people who talk about kind of the situation the city is in right now, when they say things like, well, you know, part of the problem is we had too many of the unions make good deals for the cops, the firemen, you know. that's what depleted so many of our resources. >> well, can i -- we start talking about city management like that, can i do that --
4:32 pm
>> absolutely. we can do that. yeah, absolutely. >> out of uniform, sergeant hutto can be more candid about his opinions, both as a private citizen and as the vice president of stockton's police union. >> the real problem with the city's finances lies in right here, downtown redevelopment. >> according to hutto, when the city was borrowing and spending to develop the waterfront, they neglected to put money into the employee pension system. >> during that same time frame, you know, california public employees retirement system was doing so well that they said stockton, you don't have to make the payments. you can put that money into an investment account and earn money or whatever. so when the stock crashed and said okay, all that money you owe us, go ahead and pay us now, take it out of your investments. well, stockton didn't have investments. they spent it. our retirements bought this. so, yeah, we're to blame because we still want our retirement. but they're the ones that spent our money. they didn't pay their bill for,
4:33 pm
you know, eight or nine years. >> yeah. and it's your fault? >> yeah. [ taps baton ] [ dings ] ♪ [ male announcer ] every thought... every movement... ♪ ...carefully planned, coordinated and synchronized. ♪ performing together with a single, united purpose. ♪ that's what makes the world's leading airline... flyer friendly. ♪ i worked a patrol unit for 17 years in the city of baltimore. when i first started experiencing the pain, it's, it's hard to describe because you have a numbness... but yet you have the pain like thousands of needles sticking in your foot.
4:34 pm
it was progressively getting worse, and at that point i knew i had to do something. when i went back to my healthcare professional... that's when she suggested the lyrica. once i started taking the lyrica, the pain started subsiding. [ male announcer ] it's known that diabetes damages nerves. lyrica is fda approved to treat diabetic nerve pain. lyrica is not for everyone. it may cause serious allergic reactions or suicidal thoughts or actions. tell your doctor right away if you have these, new, or worsening depression, or unusual changes in mood or behavior. or swelling, trouble breathing, rash, hives, blisters, changes in eyesight including blurry vision, muscle pain with fever, tired feeling, or skin sores from diabetes. common side effects are dizziness, sleepiness, weight gain and swelling of hands, legs and feet. don't drink alcohol while taking lyrica. don't drive or use machinery until you know how lyrica affects you. those who have had a drug or alcohol problem may be more likely to misuse lyrica. ask your doctor about lyrica today. it's specific treatment for diabetic nerve pain. to hear more of terry's story, visit
4:35 pm
4:36 pm
on june 28, 2012, with no other options available to them, the city of stockton filed for bankruptcy.
4:37 pm
>> stockton became the largest city in the country to start bankruptcy proceedings. >> the largest american city ever to file for bankruptcy. >> municipal bankruptcy, or chapter 9, can be broken down into three parts, the good, the bad, and the ugly. first the good. bankruptcy allows a city to restructure their debt while ensuring the most basic city services can continue. it lets the city renegotiate union contracts, pensions, and benefits, a huge relief to any city struggling under the weight of those obligations. and sometimes it works. vallejo, california, is a city 90 minutes west of stockton. they filed for bankruptcy protection in 2008. the restructuring allowed them to ditch at least $32 million in debt and pay some creditors as little as 5 cents on the dollar. the city also cut benefits for retirees to just $300 per month, down from as much as $1500 in some cases.
4:38 pm
finally, vallejo was able to emerge from bankruptcy just three years later. the bad part of bankruptcy? creditors take note and refuse to do business with cities that don't pay their debt. as for the ugly part of bankruptcy, that's simple. it's being a retiree or city employee caught on the wrong side of those negotiations, watching your benefits disappear. hi there. hey, i'm morgan. >> van revere. nice to meet you. >> how are you? >> good, thank you. >> i have a uniform t-shirt i'd like you to put on, if that's okay. >> right on! >> the city of stockton made $19 million in cuts to the fire department.
4:39 pm
staffing was reduced by 30%. 36 firefighters were laid off in 2011 alone. retirement and insurance benefits were slashed, and now these firemen face an uncertain future. >> how hard is that? here you are living on your income, and you know exactly how much you have to spend. and then suddenly that's cut by 25%. >> i worry about whether or not i can afford another baby. and it's not about affording diapers and wipes and shoes and stuff. it's about the bill from the hospital to actually have the baby. >> we've had some that have had immediately, boom, $10,000 bill out of pocket as a result of, you know, a pregnancy or pregnancy with complications. >> you know, i lost my home as a part of this mess too. a lot of us were going along thinking things were going to get better. things aren't going get better. >> a lot of people have said, including the mayor, that one of the reasons that led to the bankruptcy was the negotiating power of the police and fire unions that kind of brought about exorbitant fees, salaries, pensions.
4:40 pm
>> not to kind of cry, but it's turned its way into political attacks. well, the mayor says contracts with union pd are a huge reason we're in this position. that gets spread, and that's where a lot of the community stands. and a lot of it is like real negative. >> they put this off on the fire engine now driving down the street. >> throw stuff. and we get rocks, eggs. >> eggs. >> firecrackers. >> bottles. >> when i was working, the engine has been hit with that stuff. people yelling, cussing. it's a total different game than how it was a few years ago. >> it's pretty convenient to blame your overpaid firefighters for your problems, right up until your house is on fire. still, riding with these guys, i couldn't help but notice how committed they are to the job. in spite of cuts that make their jobs harder and harder and put their livelihood and retirement in doubt, their number one
4:41 pm
priority is protecting the people in the city of stockton. even when the city can't protect them. [ male announcer ] it's simple physics... a body at rest tends to stay at rest... while a body in motion tends to stay in motion. staying active can actually ease arthritis symptoms. but if you have arthritis, staying active can be difficult. prescription celebrex can help relieve arthritis pain so your body can stay in motion. because just one 200mg celebrex a day can provide 24 hour relief for many with arthritis pain and inflammation. plus, in clinical studies, celebrex is proven to improve daily physical function so moving is easier. celebrex can be taken with or without food. and it's not a narcotic.
4:42 pm
you and your doctor should balance the benefits with the risks. all prescription nsaids, like celebrex, ibuprofen, naproxen and meloxicam have the same cardiovascular warning. they all may increase the chance of heart attack or stroke, which can lead to death. this chance increases if you have heart disease or risk factors such as high blood pressure or when nsaids are taken for long periods. nsaids, like celebrex, increase the chance of serious skin or allergic reactions or stomach and intestine problems, such as bleeding and ulcers, which can occur without warning and may cause death. patients also taking aspirin and the elderly are at increased risk for stomach bleeding and ulcers. don't take celebrex if you have bleeding in the stomach or intestine, or had an asthma attack, hives, other allergies to aspirin, nsaids or sulfonamides. get help right away if you have swelling of the face or throat, or trouble breathing. tell your doctor your medical history. and find an arthritis treatment for you. visit and ask your doctor about celebrex. for a body in motion. congestion, for the smog.
4:43 pm
but there are a lot of people that do ride the bus. and now that the buses are running on natural gas, they don't throw out as much pollution into the air. so i feel good. i feel like i'm doing my part to help out the environment.
4:44 pm
this just kind of sums it all up.
4:45 pm
not all of stockton's problems stem from bankruptcy. the city is home to more than 70 street gangs, and fewer officers on the street translates into a huge uptake in gang violence. >> this triple homicide brought stockton's homicide rate to 59 this year. >> unable to count on the police force, local business owners like tony finnegan are taking security matters into their own hands. >> i heard you have a very dubious honor. >> what's that? >> that you're the only place in stockton where there has not been a shooting. knock on wood. >> right. that is -- that is my understanding. we've been open for about four years now. and thank god that, you know, it hasn't happened. if you noticed, one side of our building that faces the street has no windows. no windows means no bullets. we have concrete block reinforced with, you know, another barrier out front that covers our patio. >> and building a bulletproof safe house isn't the only thing
4:46 pm
tony finnegan does to protect his valuable customers. oh, what have you got? this is the whole -- >> it's part of our dress code. >> so we started off with really simple things. we have a length requirement on t-shirts. so your t-shirt can be up to your outstretched thumb. we don't allow people to wear gold teeth. we don't allow them to wear big medallions. we specified which sports team hats we wouldn't allow in. certain hats represent certain gangs in stockton. and we did colors. somebody comes in all red or all blue or a certain color, we know they're affiliated with a gang. >> what about green? green is all right? >> green is the only color we allow someone to come head to toe. >> setting an example in stockton, that's what police say one neighborhood watch group is doing. >> taking matters now into their own hands. that's what neighborhood groups in stockton did today. >> with violent crime up and
4:47 pm
fewer officers around to prevent it, stocktonians have been quietly organizing into community watch groups, determined to fix the problems themselves. marci waller is a founding member of a local neighborhood watch group in the area where stockton's murder record was recently broken. >> the best thing now is to continue to encourage stocktonians to neighbor up and join or start a neighborhood watch. be aware and take action when something suspicious is happening in your neighborhood. talk to each other. come out of your house. don't isolate yourself out of fear. walk your streets, walk your dog. be proactive so you don't have to be reactive. >> scott smith is a reporter for stockton's local newspaper, "the record." are things changing for the better in stockton? >> you know what is interesting, i've been covering the bankruptcy big-time. i went over to vallejo which is a short distance from here. they were sort of the other big city in the state that went into bankruptcy. i went over there for a day and
4:48 pm
did some reporting. and people i talked to said you know what happened is we became less reliant on the city and police, and we did what they're doing here today. they formed neighborhood watch groups. and that's changed how we live. it forced us to go back 40 years and know our neighbors more so. and i kind of see that same thing happening here, which is interesting. everywhere i go, somebody is forming some kind of a group. you know, that doesn't necessarily solve the problem, but it shows you that people are trying to do something. and they're getting engaged with one another, their neighbors, with people in their church, and they're saying okay, how can we use our organization, our neighborhood to do something good. >> for some, community watch groups conjure up images of nosy neighbors peering tout window. some stocktonians are in the market for something a little more adventurous. hey, man. >> come on in. >> how are you?
4:49 pm
>> good to see you. >> how are you doing. hey, guys. >> everybody, this is morgan. >> hey, i'm morgan. brother, good to see you. how you doing? >> pretty good. >> morgan. >> so what is the plan for tonight? >> we're going to do some quick training, and then we're going to go over the patrol area and then do a quick safety brief and make sure there are no questions and concerns and move out. >> how dangerous is the area you're move in? >> the area we've picked for tonight is moderate. there has been an assault there there has been an assault there i an unsolved murder, and about two months ago it was the site of the place a gentleman fled from police, shot at them, barricaded himself and shot himself in the garage. >> serious. a serious area. >> we're trying to hit the trouble spots in stockton right now, try and help. >> why did you want to do it? >> murder number 48 was actually i knew the guy. he was a friend of my dad who he used to work for 15 years. he actually got killed and shot and killed in victory park for
4:50 pm
his gold chain, broad daylight. >> so that is when you said i got to do something? >> that was the point where a day later i happened to see the news report about the guardian angels, and hopped on my computer, found the contact info and said how do i do this? where do i start. >> that's great. how does that look? does it look intimidating? >> pull it down a little bit. pull it down to where it's comfortable. how is that? there you go. now you're one of us. there you go. nice. >> so now what are we doing? >> first we're going to go over -- we're going to go over eastbound basic patrol routine. >> okay. >> we're going to use you as our bad guy. >> awesome. >> go ahead and stand right here. >> okay. >> facing me. >> okay. how is that? do i look more intimidating now? >> that's pretty good. i was almost scared. basically coming across patrol, say we see you out there. you're out there smoking and joking. you're puffing on something that
4:51 pm
doesn't look like a regular cigarette. we'll approach you. excuse me, sir, how you doing? what have you got there? >> nothing. >> it doesn't smell like a regular cigarette, you know. >> why don't you mind your own business? >> well, you know, i wish we could, but, again, we're here for the safety and security of stockton and its residents. >> why don't you guys go somewhere else. >> is there anything i can do to gain your compliance. >> listen, i live here. this is my house. hey, this is my house! this is my house! i'm calling the police! i know my rights. i know my rights! this is one of my prouder moments right here. probably my proudest moment. >> there you go. stand up. >> oh, my gosh. >> well done. >> everybody ready? >> hands in. on three. guardian angels on three. who are we?
4:52 pm
one, two, three, guardian angels! move it. >> it's after 9:00 already at night. so we'll just take up along here real quick where we'll make a pass through the park on the way back around. >> these guys are the eyes and ears of stockton's reduced police force, and they coordinate with the police before every one of their patrols. >> some people hanging out outside over there. how you doing? we're the guardian angels. have you guys heard of us? >> you have. how you doing? >> it's not an easy job, but these people love their city too much to see it hurt like this. and they'll do whatever they can to make these neighborhoods safe again. >> next year i want to get all these groups together in one spot, right, and have the largest nonprofit event stockton has seen, and try to bring all our resources together so we can start working as one instead of separate entities. >> that's a good idea. you could have volunteer
4:53 pm
stockton. >> exactly. >> just the people i spoke to, there is a lot of people who are really invested in wanting to change the community, but they just don't know how. >> exactly. i didn't know how either. >> all over stockton, people are coming to the same conclusion that even though they didn't cause the problems that plague their city, they can do something to become a part of the solution. ♪ [ female announcer ] feed a man a cookie and he eats a cookie. ♪ feed him a fresh baked cookie and he eats a much, much better cookie. bake the world a better place with nestle toll house.
4:54 pm
4:55 pm
4:56 pm
nthat's why they deserve... aer anbrake dance. bake the world a better place
4:57 pm
get 50% off new brake pads and shoes. it's easy to look at stockton and see the events that led them to bankruptcy happen somewhere else and not where we live, but in reality cities all over the country are facing these problems. and while the decisions made in city hall sometimes seem abstract, the impact on people's lives is very real. hey, how are you? >> good. yourself. >> checking out. >> your room number? >> 358. spurlock. >> did you enjoy your stay in stockton? >> i did, very much. >> a lot of things have changed for stockton since they filed for bankruptcy. >> the city of stockton swears
4:58 pm
in a new mayor later today. >> some residents are already expressing some hope that a change in leadership will mean a less violent and more financially sound future for their city. >> i anthony silva do solemnly swear. >> do solemnly swear. >> that i will support and defend. >> that i will support and defend. >> the constitution of the united states. >> the constitution of the united states. >> and the constitution of the state of california. >> and the constitution of the state of california. >> marianne johnston lost her bid for reelection to silva and went back to running the balloonery. they're hoping mayor silva can turn things around. if not, he and his neighbors from western ranch are drawing up plans to succeed from stockton. staffing is still a problem for police, who have hired just six officers so far in 2013. but things are looking up. after a record-breaking 71 murders in 2012, this year the homicide rate so far is down. and officers like sergeant hutto credits citizens like the neighborhood watch groups and the guardian angels with the turnaround. speaking of the guardian angels,
4:59 pm
they're still going strong, fixing up area playgrounds and joining forces with tony finnegan, helping him to drive customers home from his bar. tony has had to add two more hats to his banned list, but he has managed to keep his bar free from violence. on april 1st, 2013, a judge in federal court declared stockton officially bankrupt. the city is now starting the long process of restructuring its finances and paying its creditors. stockton's bankruptcy is historic. and how it works its way out will set the precedent for struggling cities across the country. one thing that i think is really hopeful that has come out of this is that there seems to be a real willingness of the people to work together to try to fix things. maybe that's what happens when you hit rock bottom. when you finally hit the bottom, you say wow. when there is no money left, what do you have? people are realizing it's not going to be just fixed by money, it's going to be fixed by us. i think that's a good message i think that's a good message for everyone.
5:00 pm
-- captions by vitac -- mm. delicious orange juice. we all drink it, but do you ever think about where it comes from? these people do. they're undocumented immigrants. they know where it comes from because they pick the oranges that are in it. they also pick the tomatoes in your salad, mow your lawns, hang your dry wall, even help raise your children. right now there's an estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants living in this country today. >> it was possible for 11 million illegals to come here. why is it impossible for them to leave?
5:01 pm
>> people who oppose immigration reform say these workers are just feeding off the system. >> the vast majority of illegal aliens are consuming welfare programs. >> we have illegals coming here takingobs. we have people at home that need these jobs. >> but are businesses ready to get rid of such cheap, dependable labor? how many jobs are they taking away from americans? it may be a policy debate in washington, but in the orange groves of polk county, florida, it's back breaking labor and the looming threat of deportation. this is the hardest i've ever worked for 93 cents. florida. palm trees, retirees, manatees, and one of the largest communities of foreign workers in the country.
5:02 pm
on any given day about 4,000 farm workers are tending to crops and fields. in fact, florida produces about 43% of all citrus grown in the u.s. and polk county produces more of it than any other in the state. with 30 million boxes harvested per year. chances are good if you had an orange today it came from polk county and a migrant worker picked it. the thing for me i don't understand is everyone says we got high unemployment rates but there arjobs that american citizens won't apply for. people could pick oranges, strawberries, pick whatever, but they don't. today hopefully i'll gain some insight into exactly why that is. >> good morning. welcome. how may i help you? >> i wanted to speak to someone about getting a job in agricultural. they help place workers in all kinds of industries. including the agricultural industry. it's the perfect place for me to find a job.
5:03 pm
people who pick produce like oranges can come here and basically find out what jobs are available within the community. >> morgan spurlock. >> yeah? what i want to find out is how hard is it to get one of these jobs? are there not enough americans to fill these jobs? >> so you're looking at citrus harvesting? >> correct. and why aren't there? why do we need people coming from mexico to do these jobs? so how many jobs in citrus per calendar year do you have? >> last year we had about 7,000 different job openings. >> wow. and these jobs are open to americans? >> absolutely. >> how many came in and applied for those? >> actually about 1,500 came in and applied for those. out of those 336 were hired. >> how many stay? >> technically 5% overall are the ones that stay. >> 5% out of 336. i mean, that's like 15, 16 people.
5:04 pm
16 people for 7,000 jobs. and so then who takes those jobs? >> they usually come from outside the united states then. >> right. i just can't believe only 5%. that's incredible. >> this may be part of the reason why. the worker will carry an 18 to 20 foot ladder to the particular area of the grove to be harvested. fully loaded picking stack weighs between 50 to 100 pounds. >> what is the pay? >> 95 cent per 90 pound field box. >> per giant sack would be 95 cents. wow. >> all right. so are you still interested? >> yes. >> you are? okay. >> yeah, i am. >> we're going to actually refer you. >> the thing i want to do now is see what this job is really like. go out, work in a field, and just see how difficult and strenuous it is and try to get a better sense of why people aren't taking these jobs.
5:05 pm
of course, some people are taking these jobs. immigrant laborers. there are mainly two ways farm citrus groves find workers. a way to get workers in the field without granting them permanent residency. it's not a path to citizenship nor popular with the agricultural industry. so that leaves undocumented immigrants. after surviving a dangerous border crossing, they take whatever jobs they can find and generally live life in the shadows to avoid being deported. most see the risk as the only way to make a better life for themselves and their families. >> make a left up here. >> carlos is a 20-year-old undocumented immigrant. born in mexico, he was brought to america. since he was nine years old, he was working with his father pasqal. he lives under constant threat of deportation.
5:06 pm
they have decided to teach me how to pick oranges before i start my first day of work tomorrow. >> have you ever picked oranges or done field work? >> i picked things off trees. but you pick one. you pick it, you eat it. i've never had to pick 2500 to fill a tub. i think i'm going to be sore by the end of the day tomorrow. >> my dad, he's 49. that's nothing. i know people that are 70 picking oranges. because it's a necessity. you have to. hopefully if i can better myself, i can help my family. what he did for me, i'll do it for him. >> what do you want to do with your life? >> i really want to go to law school. >> you want to be a lawyer? >> yes. >> that'd be amazing. even with his good attitude and grades, it's going to be tough for carlos to become a lawyer.
5:07 pm
as and undocumented immigrant, carlos is prohibited from practicing law in the united states. where do i pull in? >> this is it. >> he can't even get a job except as an illegal hire. so he still works in the fields just like his father. well, that is a very heavy ladder. very top heavy ladder. you know what i think is easier for me? i think i want to carry this ladder like this. so where are we going? carlos' father has been working in american fields for more than 20 years. and to celebrate, last year he had open heart surgery. but he didn't have much time to recuperate. he was back working in the fields six weeks later. as an undocumented immigrant, he can't file for disability payments. if he doesn't pick, he doesn't get paid. with a family to feed and a hospital bill to pay, not working is not an option.
5:08 pm
so where should you start when picking the tree? >> from the ladder. >> you pull them right off? have you fallen off a ladder? >> no. thank god, no. use your leg. >> so that's one sack so how many more sacks to fill it up? >> ten and a half. >> ten and a half. wow. >> how long do you think it will take you to do one of these barrels? >> one hour. if you don't do it in one hour, do something else. >> do another job. >> yes. put it right there. >> put it right here? >> yeah. always put it next to a big limb. that it's going to hold your weight. >> how do you get the ones that are up in the top in the middle of the tree?
5:09 pm
>> climb in the middle of the tree. >> you've got to climb up the tree? >> yeah. >> oh, man. there's a bunch in here. i can't believe how much i'm learning. for example, did you know orange trees have thorns? these are what you want to stay away from. it took me 15 minutes to fill up this one bag. oh, yeah. stop trying to make me feel bad. i should fill this back in five minutes. >> yeah. >> that's a lot of work. >> he said you were crazy. so he said $15 he'd do it.
5:10 pm
so give me advice tomorrow since i'm going to be working all day tomorrow. >> you're going to be really tired and not even be able to sit on the toilet. if yand you're talking toevere rheuyour rheumatologistike me, about trying or adding a biologic. this is humira, adalimumab.
5:11 pm
this is humira working to help relieve my pain. this is humira helping me through the twists and turns. this is humira helping to protect my joints from further damage. doctors have been prescribing humira for over ten years. humira works by targeting and helping to block a specific source of inflammation that contributes to ra symptoms. for many adults, humira is proven to help relieve pain and stop further joint damage. humira can lower your ability to fight infections, including tuberculosis. serious, sometimes fatal events, such as infections, lymphoma, or other types of cancer, have happened. blood, liver and nervous system problems, serious allergic reactions, and new or worsening heart failure have occurred. before starting humira , your doctor should test you for tb. ask your doctor if you live in or have been to a region where certain fungal infections are common. tell your doctor if you have had tb, hepatitis b, are prone to infections, or have symptoms such as fever, fatigue, cough, or sores. you should not start humira if you have any kind of infection.
5:12 pm
ask your doctor if humira can work for you. this is humira at work. geothe last thing i want iswho doesnto feel like someone is giving me a sales pitch, especially when it comes to my investments. you want a broker you can trust. a lot of guys at the other firms seemed more focused on selling than their clients. that's why i stopped working at my old brokerage and became a financial consultant with charles schwab. avo: what kind of financial consultant are you looking for? talk to us today.
5:13 pm
you feel...squeezed. congested. beat down. crushed. as if the weight of the world is resting on your face. but sudafed gives you maximum strength sinus pressure and pain relief. so you feel free. liberated. released. decongested. open for business. [ inhales, exhales ] [ male announcer ] powerful sinus relief from the #1 pharmacist recommended brand. sudafed. open up.
5:14 pm
i'm on my way to meet the crew i'll be picking with tomorrow. after my lesson with carlos and pasqual. i've got a bit of reach. i might be able to get the hard to reach oranges. the workers i'm working with are all guest workers. they're all here legally and temporarily. h2-av have most of their money certain straight back to mexico. when the picking season is over, they'll return to their homes, families, lives all in the hopes of getting another visa next season, even though it does not
5:15 pm
provide a path to citizenship. what's the quickest way of becoming american? short of being born here, it comes down to whom you know. if you want all access to the exclusive club usa, your best bet is to be related to someone who's already there legally. like a parent, child, or spouse. they can sponsor you and that at least gets your name on the list. of course, if you don't have family here, there's still some ways to get your foot in the door. like the eb-5 investor visa. this is easy to get as long as you have a million dollars sit lg around to invest in a new american start up. it rules out your tired, poor, huddled masses yearning to be free. if all else fails, you can sponsor yourself. you've got to be special to get in the club that way. you've got to be positively extraordinary. people with certain skill sets or knowledge, entrepreneurs can
5:16 pm
get an alien of extraordinary ability visa. makes sense. we need brilliant people who excel in their fields to help push the country forward. the only problem is extraordinary is pretty subjective. meaning those visas have gone to professional bikini models, squash players, magicians, even playboy play mates. none of that helps carlos. since he was brought here illegally, he isn't eligible for any of these. seems the u.s. government doesn't think fruit pickers are extraordinary. even though a multibillion dollar industry believes them to be invaluable. >> home, sweet home. >> home, sweet home. >> i start work tomorrow. so tonight i'm staying in the crew housing. how many guys stay in this house? >> ten. so you're eleven. >> i'm morgan. >> this is the dining room or dining area. >> eric is the crew leader and my new boss.
5:17 pm
just 23 years old. he's an american citizen whose parents were pickers. as the foreman with tough quotas to reach, it's his job to make sure he gets the best out of every person on the field, including me. >> pillow, nice. >> standard issue. >> standard issue. that's a good looking brand new bag. see that? that's all american. red, white, and blue. what's the secret to going faster? >> just move your hands. >> don't even pay attention. like mr. miyagi style. just be the orange. if you spend six months living and working with ten guys, you want to make sure everybody gets along. so all responsibilities for cooking and cleaning are shared. so who did the most tubs today? >> nate did. the guy you're helping. he did ten. >> ten. >> uh-huh. >> that's a good day. >> that's a great day. >> yeah.
5:18 pm
>> so why did you decide to do the h 2-a visas rather than come in legally? how does the money compare here to the money you could make in mexico? say this week you made $500. how long would it take you to make that in mexico? a month. so you could make a month's wages in one week. wow. you have families. you have a wife in mexico? and kids? how many? so you'll be here when the baby is born. is your wife mad? how many tubs do you think i'll be able to do tomorrow? one? come on, just one? really? okay.
5:19 pm
five. okay. we'll see who's right. >> okay. >> are you nervous? >> no. >> you're not nervous. >> should i be? >> i'm just saying. >> i should be nervous, is what you're saying? >> a little bit. >> work starts before dawn. while most people are still sleeping, we're heading out to the fields for the day. so it's 5:45 in the morning. i got up almost an hour ago, helped make lunch for all the guys going out today and for myself. morning. and we'll be on the field and picking by 7:00. most workers are young men with
5:20 pm
children and wives at home. yet they leave those families for half a year to work in these fields. >> here's your ladder. >> great. which way do i head? where everybody else is going? >> just head straight down. i'll meet you down there. >> okay. carrying my ladder. got carried about a quarter mile, half mile to where i'm picking today. this is my line of trees right here. so i'll work down until i meet whoever is on the other end somewhere in the middle. it's around $9.50 per tub. my goal today is to get at least six. if i was going to really make a living wage, i'd need to have that first tub filled in an
5:21 pm
hour. i'm right here, i can do these. pasqual recommended picking from the top down. but i'm trying my own technique and start from the bottom. i feel from the ground i can get a lot without getting on the ladder. >> you can get two at a time. the faster you move, the more you pick. >> i'm going to kill it today. >> i've never had a white person on my crew. i've heard stories where americans don't cut it at this job. they expect an easy job, and it's really not that easy. it's heavy work. >> see how that didn't even cover the bottom of that? at least the oranges we were picking yesterday were about that big, you know? these, look at this. it's like a nectarine. need to get the ladders now. i finally understand pasqual's strategy.
5:22 pm
because the last thing i feel like doing now is climbing up the damn ladder. i have a feeling that is going to fall. this sucks. is that going to stay? whoa. i think one more bag, i'll be done with my first bin. which isn't bad. >> almost full, morgan? >> how many more bags does that need? >> looks like it needs two more. >> two more? >> i'll help you out with one though. >> something tells me eric doesn't have much faith in me. but if he's going to help me fill the tub, i'll take the pity. how many have other guys gotten done? >> roughly two or three. >> in the time it's taken me to do one? >> yeah. you'll be all right. >> is that one? >> yeah.
5:23 pm
>> nice. two hours for my first tub. is that pretty terrible? >> just about. >> all right. see you in a bit, man. so took me two hours to fill one tub. which it's $9.50. so i made $4.75 an hour for my first two hours. now time to get back to work. i got this. [thinking] is it that time? the son picks up the check? [thinking] i'm still working. he's retired. i hope he's saving. i hope he saved enough. who matters most to you says the most about you. at massmutual we're owned by our policyowners, and they matter most to us. whether you're just starting your 401(k) or you are ready for retirement, we'll help you get there.
5:24 pm
♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ ♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ ♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ [ male announcer ] the beautifully practical and practically beautiful cadillac srx. get the best offers of the season now. lease this 2014 srx for around $369 a month with premium care maintenance included. ♪
5:25 pm
5:26 pm
5:27 pm
so far i've been picking oranges for three hours. i can honestly tell you it does not get easier as the day goes on. for so-called unskilled labor, it's a lot tougher than it looks. that's two down. lots more to go. i'm not just the worst picker in the field today, i'm also the only american citizen. every single worker here today is an immigrant here on h 2-5 visa. but it's unpopular with most employers. only 4% of the businesses who can use it do so. river front packing is the largest grapefruit distributor in florida, and they don't participate in the program. >> we have an adequate local workforce that we have not been forced into or pushed into participating with the h 2-a program. >> like many businesses, they find the regulations that comes
5:28 pm
with it to be expensive and burdensome. >> the transportation is a cost. and sometimes they don't stay. i think it was a noble effort, but we need to recognize it's a much broader issue. we don't really know the level of illegal immigrants working here. do we have everybody here properly documented and do we meet the letter of the law? absolutely. but as i was told once when i asked this question at a seminar, well, what if i see a document that i'm not sure is legal? the question i got was are you an immigration officer? if you question that, you could be subject to discrimination charges. i think if all of the undocumented workers were all to be deported, the people that think food comes from the grocery store would be in for a rude awakening. >> and in 2011, alabama did an effort to do just that. crack down on all the immigrants in the workforce.
5:29 pm
they did it with new laws like making it a crime to transport those in the country illegally. as well as the e-verify system to check a status against the federal data base. >> i believe now we have the strongest immigration bill in the country. >> undocumented workers were spooked by the stringent laws and left for other states that hadn't passed such harsh anti-immigration policies. >> i told many people this is probably the largest economic development job creation bill that the state of alabama has ever passed. >> sure, if by economic development he means states and businesses losing billions of dollars in income and tax revenue. with no undocumented immigrants working, crops literally rotted in the fields. after half a day, i can tell you first hand why nobody came to replace the immigrant workers. the work is excruciating. i've been here since 7:00, and i've still only finished two
5:30 pm
bins. oh [ bleep ]. look at that. they're falling out of my bag. yes. absolutely. it's lunchtime. what was the quota today you have to hit? >> i have to hit three trailers. and that's, like, eight tubs per person. >> i don't think i'm going to hit eight tubs. >> morgan's pace compared to everyone else on a scale of one to ten, he would be a two. which is as many tubs he's filled all day. >> have any of the guys out here worked with before?
5:31 pm
and how long did they last? so i'm already doing as good as that guy. >> he's coming to meet you. he'll pass you. >> i'm going to get four today at least. at least quatro. another half hour of hard work and i've only gotten halfway through my third bin. before i can even celebrate -- >> you almost done, morgan? >> -- eric the foreman is back pushing me to get down. the third one is half done. how much longer we have left? >> another hour and a half. >> okay. so tired i'm missing my own bag. i don't feel it in my leg, but right in my lower back and my
5:32 pm
forearms from this repetitive motion. one of the workers asked me what do you think it would take for an american to come out here and do this job? i think it would take like $30 an hour. guaranteed. like, not even based on the buckets they get. and then when you go to the grocery store, your orange juice would cost $12. because after being here, i tell you what, i don't think most of you would do this job. that's the fact. it sounds like it's time to go. so i wouldn't get paid for this one today. because it's not full.
5:33 pm
oh, man. so now if you look what i made today, i only finished three bins. $28.50. $2.85 an hour over ten hours. >> well, morgan, time to go. >> that's like 3 2/3. >> so was it easy? >> absolutely not. it was even harder than i thought it would be. >> you exceeded my expectations. i figured you would have quit. >> thanks for having so much faith. >> you pulled through. you pulled through. >> let's go home. >> let's go. >> i couldn't even imagine, like, having to do this every day six days a week for your whole life. very hard. >> how many? >> 3 2/3. >> not too bad. for your first day. >> but not too good. not too good. after an incredibly long day picking oranges, i can't wait to
5:34 pm
go to bed. but it's friday and that's payday. so the bus makes a last stop at plaza mexico. plaza mexico is a one-stop shop for h 2-a workers. it's a shopping center, restaurant, and bank all rolled into one. man, this place is busy. how many guys come in here and cash their checks? >> at least 600 or more. about 200 are from our company. >> okay. they wire money home as well? >> yeah. over there. >> how much do most guys send home? >> you'd have to leave like $50 for groceries and $20 for, like, laundry. >> guys are only keeping back 60, 70 bucks. >> yeah. >> it's like a casino in here.
5:35 pm
so much money changing hands. when we do head back to the camp, i discover a little keepsake from my day? i hit my leg on the bus and thought why did that hurt so much. i pulled up my pants, i had a thorn stuck in the side of my leg. see if we can't take that out now. ow. ow. a little souvenir to remind me of my long day of back-breaking labor. i feel like what i got to experience, you know, was something most people will never get to. and i think it's eye opening because it does give you tremendous more respect for these guys and what they do. i'll be thinking about them every time i have a glass of orange juice for the rest of my life. >> i'm going to miss you. >> thank you very everything. >> you're welcome. (knochello?
5:36 pm
hey, i notice your car is not in the driveway. yeah. it's in the shop. it's going to cost me an arm and a leg. that's hilarious. sorry. you shoulda taken it to midas. get some of that midas touch. they tell you what stuff needs fixing, and what stuff can wait. next time i'm going to midas. high-five! arg! i did not see that coming. trust the midas touch. for brakes, tires, oil, everything. (whistling) so when coverage really counts, count on nationwide insurance. because what's precious to you is precious to us. ♪ love, love is strange just another way we put members first. because we don't have shareholders. join the nation. ♪ baby... ♪ nationwide is on your side ♪
5:37 pm
on the table by not choosing the right medicare d plan. no one could have left this much money here. whoo-hoo-hoo! yet many seniors who compare medicare d plans realize they can save hundreds of dollars. cvs/pharmacy wants to help you save on medicare expenses. talk to your cvs pharmacist, call, or go to to get your free, personalized plan comparison today. call, go online, or visit your local store today.
5:38 pm
5:39 pm
by most people's standards, picking oranges is low pay for hard work. but to the h 2-a workers, it isn't a bad job. and it's safe and legal. with h 2-a workers making up less than 5% of the workforce, the others have to live somewhere.
5:40 pm
carlos and pascual, the men who taught me have invited me home to meet the rest of the family. how are you? >> this is my mother. >> a lot of people think undocumented immigrants are somehow abusing our social system. but in reality, they're not even in the system. they are ineligible for benefits. even if they live well below the poverty line. >> this is our kitchen. sometimes when it rains, it leaks. but we still keep warm. >> hi, how are you? >> and this is my room. like i said, it's not the best of room. but here's where i've been able to get straight a's in this deck. i'm thankful for that. >> what do you think over the course of the year the total salary for both of you to
5:41 pm
support your family for a year? together, like with her working in the egg farm and him working in the migrant worker, it's like $25,000. >> and that's to support a family of one, two, three, four, five and plus your sister. so to support a family of six. >> yeah. you see where we're at. >> do you guys pay taxes? >> you still got to pay taxes. >> does your employer take it out or do you pay it? they take them out of the check. >> yeah. >> so you pay taxes to the state of florida. so what do you get in return for paying those taxes?
5:42 pm
>> do you still believe in the american dream? >> we can become something else other than just being a farmer. we can be lawyers. we can be doctors. we can accomplish anything we set our mind to. >> would you be happy if he became a lawyer? pasqual's family wants to live the american dream and they're working hard to achieve their goals. no matter the obstacles. and believe me, there's a whole lot of obstacles. if you're an undocumented immigrant, you can't get a social security card. without one of those, you can't get medicare, welfare, social security, or unemployment benefits. you can't apply for most jobs and you can't get most credit cards. you can't even get a fishing
5:43 pm
license. if not eligible for financial aid for college, or an employment based health program. what you are eligible for is the draft. you also get to pay taxes. the one thing that's easy for an undocumented worker to get is a bill from the irs. in most states you can't get a driver's license. which means every time you're behind the wheel, you risk losing everything. you've never been pulled over before? >> thankfully, no. >> if carlos or any member of his family is pulled over, they could be jailed for 48 hours, until an immigration enforcement officer comes to interrogate them. they could be subject to any number of punishments from getting a ticket to being deported and banned from returning to the u.s. for an entire decade. pasqual do you worry when he drives the car? right. because he could get pulled over one time and that could be it. >> yeah.
5:44 pm
>> for carlos' family, immigration reform isn't a political issue. it's the difference between a life lived with hope or a life lived in fear. [ male announcer ] when you have sinus pressure and pain, you feel...squeezed. congested. beat down. crushed. as if the weight of the world is resting on your face. but sudafed gives you maximum strength sinus pressure and pain relief. so you feel free. liberated. released. decongested. open for business. [ inhales, exhales ] [ male announcer ] powerful sinus relief from the #1 pharmacist recommended brand. sudafed. open up. from the #1 pharmacist recommended brand. if yand you're talking toevere rheuyour rheumatologistike me, about trying or adding a biologic. this is humira, adalimumab. this is humira working to help relieve my pain. this is humira helping me through the twists and turns. this is humira helping to protect my joints
5:45 pm
from further damage. doctors have been prescribing humira for over ten years. humira works by targeting and helping to block a specific source of inflammation that contributes to ra symptoms. for many adults, humira is proven to help relieve pain and stop further joint damage. humira can lower your ability to fight infections, including tuberculosis. serious, sometimes fatal events, such as infections, lymphoma, or other types of cancer, have happened. blood, liver and nervous system problems, serious allergic reactions, and new or worsening heart failure have occurred. before starting humira , your doctor should test you for tb. ask your doctor if you live in or have been to a region where certain fungal infections are common. tell your doctor if you have had tb, hepatitis b, are prone to infections, or have symptoms such as fever, fatigue, cough, or sores. you should not start humira if you have any kind of infection. ask your doctor if humira can work for you. this is humira at work.
5:46 pm
♪ [ male announcer ] the parking lot helps by letting us know who's coming. the carts keep everyone on the right track. the power tools introduce themselves. all the bits and bulbs keep themselves stocked. and the doors even handle the checkout so we can work on that thing that's stuck in the thing. [ female announcer ] today, cisco is connecting the internet of everything. so everyone goes home happy. does your dog food have? [ female announcer ] today, cisco is connecting the internet of everything.
5:47 pm
18 percent? 20? new purina one true instinct has 30. active dogs crave nutrient-dense food. so we made purina one true instinct. learn more at nthat's why they deserve... aer anbrake dance. get 50% off new brake pads and shoes.
5:48 pm
i'm in clearmont, florida, today with carlos to take part in a march with a civil rights group. >> make sure that obama keeps his promises. >> when obama campaigned for the presidency in 2008, he promised an overhaul of immigration in the united states. and he did just that. president obama deported nearly as many undocumented immigrants, 1.5 million in his first term, than george w. bush did in both his terms combined. >> what we're trying to do is not just raise awareness about the broken immigration, but to say stop with the deportations until you fix the problem. >> now that obama's been re-elected, he's making another promise. that a comprehensive immigration reform will be in place by the end of the first year of his second term. but not everyone believes that will happen. what's holding up these things getting pushed through?
5:49 pm
>> they just don't want this crowd in the ascendant si mix. because they're brown. the demographic is changing. if this crowd gets legalized, it's a young community with children. they're voters. >> just how important is the latino vote? as the fastest growing minority group in the u.s., latinos make up 16% of the population. if you want to be president of the united states, you need their support. and savvy politicians are already going after it. >> welcome to the white house. [ speaking spanish ] >> in 2008, 67% of the latino vote went to barack obama. and in 2012 they voted to
5:50 pm
re-elect him with 71% of their vote. a vote they expect to lead to change. >> hey, obama, don't deport my momma! >> but reform is too big of an issue for just one party. so they've made their way to the outside of the senator marco rubio. >> we ask him to stand up and champion our cause. >> they're giving a couple speeches. a lot of the local media have shown up. the plan is for them to all march inside and get senator rubio to make a statement. the son of cuban immigrants, rubio has the story that connects with the latinos. >> my father was born to a family in rural cuba. >> and rubio in the gop's best shot at reaching this crucial vote. >> his parents were cuban exiles. they did everything they could
5:51 pm
to guarantee him a better tomorrow. >> right. >> so we're trying to say, you know, champion the cause. whether he's here or not, nobody ever says anything, it's like we'll get back to you. you're an elected official, you should be available to the people. >> marco rubio, 350. >> we can only have one group in the elevator at a time. >> many of these marchers are undocumented and they're taking a huge risk being here today. >> we'd like to speak to mr. rubio. >> because an arrest could lead to being held and deported. >> excuse us. >> y'all just get back a second. >> i was told there are six of
5:52 pm
you out here. our room is not big enough to accommodate everybody. so if i could get five or ten of you that we could meet with, that'd be great. okay? the senator's in washington today. >> in senator rubio's office, a few of us have been elected to have a audience with todd reed. >> we need the republicans to step forward. and we need them to help us. >> i grew up here in florida most of my life. we migrated. i work with the youth. i've learned a position where we have to take opportunities that are there. >> i don't know if any of y'all have had a chance to hear the senator talk about this issue. this is a very personal issue for him. and i think this year he's going to be taking a bigger approach. so i appreciate you guys coming. >> thank you very much for your time. >> thank you all very much as well. appreciate it. >> it was kind of like a little exciting democracy in action moment today. >> i'm going to get the senator
5:53 pm
ahead on this. but i wouldn't anticipate in the next few weeks you wouldn't hear him speak very clearly on where he is on this issue. >> maybe this is just a first step for them. we'll see what happens in the next few weeks. but this could have been the catalyst towards something bigger happening. sure that it does.job to mae using natural gas this power plant can produce enough energy for about 600,000 homes. generating electricity that's cleaner and reliable, with fewer emissions-- it matters. ♪
5:54 pm
♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ ♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ ♪ stacy's mom has got it goin' on ♪ [ male announcer ] the beautifully practical and practically beautiful cadillac srx. get the best offers of the season now. lease this 2014 srx for around $369 a month with premium care maintenance included. ♪
5:55 pm
5:56 pm
as planned, the promise group marched to washington where they got their meeting with senator rubio. but they had to wait a few more weeks to get a taste of what they all came to washington for. >> we're here to announce a set of bipartisan principles for comprehensive immigration reform legislation. >> the gang of eight are senators in including rubio agreeing that immigration reform
5:57 pm
needs to happen and needs to happen now. maybe not for the best reasons. >> the republican party is losing the support of our hispanic citizens. >> for the first time ever, there's more political risk in opposing immigration reform than in supporting it. >> but if reform is the result, that's all that matters to people like carlos. it's a pretty campus. >> it is. >> all of pasqual's sacrifices have paid off. he's been able to enroll in a local college where he can work toward earning a law degree. >> dr. murphy? this is my father right here. i'm showing him around the campus. >> nice to meet you. >> can i introduce you to my dad? >> nice to meet you. you should be very proud of carlos. he's definitely one of our prized students. >> a kid as dedicated at carlos deserves the chance to contribute to society. and if immigration reform becomes a reality, the
5:58 pm
possibilities are endless. right there. on that hill. how long ago was that? >> never imagined i'd end up coming here to go to school. >> when you're here at school, you always have a reminder of the sacrifice your dad made. >> yes. especially if one day i become a lawyer, i can't forget where i came from. >> yeah. congress is currently debating the plan to create legal pathways for undocumented immigrants. and a new guest worker program which would better meet our labor needs. but it could still be a long road if and when these ideas are
5:59 pm
passed into law. for carlos, pasqual, and others who risk their lives to work for the american economy and the american dream, time is of the essence. >> one way to reach out to the community because there's drugs and violence. people love soccer. >> these immigrants are part of the fabric of our daily lives. thank you. thanks for your time. thank you very much. and it's time they're allowed to live openly and work toward making a legitimate life for themselves and for their children. i think that carlos will work every day and night to become a lawyer just so he could hear his father say look at this. look at my son. the son of a fruit picker became a lawyer. that's powerful. >> from the company that i work for in florida picking oranges, there's my check. $86.73 big ones. in actuality, i should have only gotten paid for three tubs. but since they can't pay you below minimum wage, i got the minimum wage adjustment which is $67.47.
6:00 pm
this is one of the hardest jobs i've ever done in my life. i've ever done in my life. yeah. -- captions by vitac -- who are those -- any way. ugly dutch guys look like with guns. wasn't particularly friendly to the current power. coming from or on ware their way. >> first first order of business, when i take my country back is take that shi


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on