Skip to main content

We're fighting for the future of our library in court. Show your support now!

tv   Fareed Zakaria GPS  CNN  June 19, 2016 7:00am-8:01am PDT

7:00 am
get the new xfinity tv app and for the first time ever stream live tv, watch on demand, and download your dvr shows anywhere. welcome to all of you in the united states and around the world. i'm fareed zakaria. this is a special edition of "gps" the global public square coming to you today from st. petersburg, russia. i traveled here to have a conversation with vladimir putin, the president of russia, and some other world leaders. he is one of the world's most talked about figures. seen as a foe by many in the west, but admired by many others in his homeland. and there was lots to talk to him about.
7:01 am
from the chilly state of u.s./russian relations, to what he can do to put an end to the syrian crisis. i'll also get his take on the 2016 presidential race in america. his answers to allegations of widespread doping by russian athletes. and much more. we'll get to st. petersburg and vladimir putin in a moment. first here's my take about the united states. once donald trump locked up the nomination, republicans were confident about his next moves. he would tone down his rhetoric, and pivot to the center. rnc chairman reince priebus said donald trump understands that this is not a primary season anymore. trump himself promised only last month, i'm going to be so presidential, that you people
7:02 am
will be so bored. so much for getting bored. on june 12th, 2016, the united states suffered its worst terrorist attack since 9/11. a particularly sickening blow, because the killer targeted a minority group long subject to discrimination. trump's reaction was to congratulate himself in a tweet. over the next two days he called on obama to resign, and hillary clinton to drop out of the race, insinuated that the president actually wanted the jihadis to win, repeated his verbose ban on all muslims entering the country, and warned american muslims that they had better cooperate with the authorities. one of trump's leading surrogates, former house speaker newt gingrich, suggested reviving the house un-american activities committee. infamous for punishing americans loosely accused of being communists or communist sympathizers in the 1950s and '60s.
7:03 am
trump's longtime friend and republican consultant roger stone outlined a new mccarthy-style witch-hunt, telling breitbart, "there's going to be a new focus on whether this administration, the administration of hillary clinton and the state department, was permeated at the highest levels by saudi intelligence, and others who are not loyal americans." he pointed a finger specifically at huma abedin, one of clinton's closest and most long-standing aides, and a muslim american, saying, we have to ask, do we have a saudi spy in our midst? do we have a terrorist agent? there is, of course, zero evidence for this charge. we now know who donald trump is. but what is the republican party? most republican leaders still hold out hope that despite the fact that trump is, in george will's accurate description, the most anti-conservative presidential aspirant in their support's history, he will suddenly get religion and
7:04 am
embrace their agenda. they believe that a 70-year-old megalomaniac, whose entire life has been devoted to ceaselessly promoting himself, and using any means to tear down others, would suddenly develop deep empathy for the party. though so far he has used it solely as a vehicle for his own personal advancement. watching honorable republican elected officials like paul ryan contort themselves, deploring trump's rhetoric, distancing themselves from his policies, while still promising to vote for the man, is painful. but what of unelected officials who do not even have the excuse that they must be attentive to republican voters? several republican former national security officials and experts have put together a letter announcing that they cannot support trump. only three who were cabinet level officials, michael mukasey, robert zoellick and robert chertoff have signed it.
7:05 am
not one former secretary of state, defense, or treasury has signed on or publicly announced that he or she will not vote for the man. where are george shultz, james baker, condoleezza rice, and hank paulson? can their reputations survive their silence? and where is senator john mccain? who has declared that he supports a man who seems to stand for everything mccain is against, and who callously belittled his war record. mccain has lived a life of service, with acts of courage that are beyond my comprehension. when the north vietnamese offered to release him in advance of other prisoners of war, because his father was an admiral, he refused, preferring more captivity and torture to losing his honor. years later, when he learned that henry kissinger had also refused to allow any special treatment for him, he thanked
7:06 am
kissinger "for saving my reputation, my honor, my life, really." today, all john mccain needs to do to preserve his honor is to say two words, never trump. for more go to and read my "washington post" column this week. and let's get started. st. petersburg is almost as far north as anchorage, alaska. combine that with the fact that it's just before the summer solstice, and you get days that almost never end. today we'll have about 19 hours of daylight, and just 5 hours of night. perhaps that's why russia sets its big, annual economic conference here now. it's called the st. petersburg international economic forum,
7:07 am
and the star of the show is vladimir putin. i was invited to moderate the plenary session of the conference. we'll begin the conversation with president putin on u.s.-russian relations, at a time when many believe the two are in a new cold war. also joining me and president putin onstage were italian prime minister matteo renzi and the president of kazakhstan nursultan nazarbayev. >> president putin, let me ask you, a very simple question. since 2014, you have had european union sanctions, and u.s. sanctions against russia, nato has announced just this week that it is going to build up forces in states that border russia. russia has announced its own buildup. are we settling in to a low-grade, lower-level, cold war between the west and russia?
7:08 am
>> translator: i wouldn't want to think that we are going down to some sort of a cold war. and i'm sure no one is interested in that. for sure we are not the ones who would want that. there is no need of that. and most importantly the logic behind the development of international relations, no matter how dramatic it may seem, it is not the logic of global confrontation. i'm not going to put a blame on anyone. what i want to say is, that if this policy of unilateral sanctions is to continue without sensitivity to the
7:09 am
international communities steps on the international arena to be agreed upon, these consequences would be inevitable. and other countries should be listening to each other, seeking to maintain a balance. these consequences would be averted. yes, indeed, the process of negotiations is very difficult, but that is the only way towards mutually acceptable solutions. i believe that if we manage to come to that level of cooperation, what would even think and talk about the cold war times. after the arab spring, they're approaching our borders, why should they have supported the coup d'etat in ukraine. i mention that on many occasions. the internal political situation is quite difficult there and the opposition that is in power right now could have come to
7:10 am
power as a result of democratic reforms and elections. and that's it. and we will have to work with them in the same way as we worked with the power that they thought is going in the power at the time of yanukovych. instead they took the way of civil war, victims, scaring the russian-speaking population in the southeast of ukraine and crimea. so what's the -- and after we were forced to make measures to protect certain groups of the population, the scare mongering, and war mongering continued. probably all of it was aimed to gain grounds behind the existence of nato. what they need is an external enemy, otherwise no one would think why this organization is needed. there is no more warsaw pact, neither the ussr, why would they need it?
7:11 am
if we stick to this very logic, the scare mongering, that's probably the way to a cold war. our logic is at a different aim of finding compromises and negotiations and cooperation. >> next on "gps," much more with russia's president vladimir putin. you've made some comments about the american republican presumptive nominee, donald trump. what if we designed a stain for your deck... ...that could stand up to weather like this... ...or this... ...or even this? if a stain can survive any amount of torture... it still stain? arborcoat from benjamin moore. i'm terhe golf. but i'd like to keep being terrible at golf for as long as i can. new patented ensure enlive has hmb plus 20 grams of protein to help rebuild muscle. for the strength and energy to do what you love. new ensure enlive. always be you.
7:12 am
you'll enjoy consistent comfort with the heating and air conditioning systems homeowners rank number one. american standard heating and air conditioning. a higher standard of comfort. what would help is simply being able to recognize a fair price. truecar has pricing data on every make and model, so all you have to do is search for the car you want, there it is. now you're an expert in less than a minute. this is truecar.
7:13 am
wrely on the us postal service? because when they ship with us, their business becomes our business. that's why we make more e-commerce deliveries to homes than anyone else in the country. here, there, everywhere. united states postal service priority: you if you have moderate to severe plaque psoriasis isn't it time to let the real you shine through? introducing otezla, apremilast. otezla is not an injection, or a cream. it's a pill that treats
7:14 am
plaque psoriasis differently. some people who took otezla saw 75% clearer skin after 4 months. and otezla's prescribing information has no requirement for routine lab monitoring. don't take otezla if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. otezla may increase the risk of depression. tell your doctor if you have a history of depression or suicidal thoughts, or if these feelings develop. some people taking otezla reported weight loss. your doctor should monitor your weight and may stop treatment. side effects may include diarrhea, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, and headache. tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, and if you're pregnant or planning to be. ask your dermatologist about otezla today. otezla. show more of you. to make getting here easy. of flight combinations because the hardest part of any trip, should be leaving. expedia. technology connecting you to what matters.
7:15 am
you recommend synthetic and can yover cedar?to me why "super food"? is that a real thing? it's a great school, but is it the right the one for her? is this really any better than the one you got last year? if we consolidate suppliers what's the savings there? so should we go with the 467 horsepower? or is a 423 enough? good question. you ask a lot of good questions... i think we should move you into our new fund. ok. sure. but are you asking enough about how your wealth is managed? wealth management, at charles schwab. tempur-breeze bed is it's cool. you're not too hot, too cold, you're just perfect. you just get in and it naturally adapts to your body and creates the perfect temperature for you. (vo) sleep cooler, wake more refreshed. discover the new temper-breeze.
7:16 am
welcome back to a special edition of "gps" from st. petersburg, russia, where i sat down with president putin. one of the big topics of discussion, the 2016 american presidential race. you've made some comments about the american republican presumptive nominee donald trump. you called him brilliant, outstanding, talented. these comments were reported around the world. i was wondering what in him led you to that judgment? and do you still hold that judgment? [ applause ] >> translator: you personally are very famous in our country.
7:17 am
you are not only famous as a journalist in one of the biggest tv stations, but as an intellectual. but you always change the meaning of what i said. because at the moment, you speak as a journalist, not as an analyst. why are you juggling with what i said? i only said that he was a bright person. isn't he bright? he is. [ applause ] i did not say anything else about him. but there's one thing that i paid attention to. and that i definitely welcomed. is that mr. trump said he's ready to restore full-fledged russian-american relations. what can there be bad about it? don't you welcome it? we all welcome it.
7:18 am
but we never interfere into the internal political processes of other countries. especially those in the united states. we are ready to work with any president that the american people will vote for. actually, they always teach others how to live. but do you think that the elections are democratic in the united states? do you think that they are organized democratically? because you know twice in u.s. history, the american people, the majority of the people, elected persons who had not been supported by the majority of the people because they were chosen by people who had the right to vote. my colleagues and i never blamed anyone, but when we discussed, they just said, don't meddle into this. we're doing it the way they are used to. but then what i feel like saying
7:19 am
is then, why are you meddling with our affairs? but i'd like to say again that, of course, it's none of our business, but you know, i heard that american prosecutors were trying to get rid of the international observers at the voting stations. but they're used to it. they like it. they like it the way it is. the u.s. is a great power. at the moment, it is probably the only superpower, and we accept this fact. we want to work with the u.s., and we are ready to do that. and no matter how these elections are held eventually they will be held, there will be a new head of state elected. they will have broad authority. i know that there are complex
7:20 am
economic and political processes in the united states. at the moment, the world needs a country as strong as the u.s. is. and we do need the u.s., too. but what we do not need of them is to interfere with our affairs all the time, to instruct us how to live. to prevent europe from building relations with us. you know the sanctions that you mention are the -- is the u.s. touched by the sanctions? no. they have not suffered. they have not suffered for the sanctions in any way. it is europe that has been affected by the sanctions. and russia has been affected, as well. but for the u.s., no, there's been no effect. but the americans persuade their partners to continue the sanctions. why? maybe matteo can explain to us why they have to continue suffering from the sanctions. and the americans try to persuade them to endure the sanctions for some more time. why?
7:21 am
matteo is a wonderful speaker. he spoke so persuasively and sincerely. italy can be proud of such a prime minister. he spoke so beautifully today. you know, they're not praising anyone. it's none of our business. you know as the germans say, it's not our beer to meddle with it, because, you know, when the u.s. elects a president we are going to work with anyone, whoever that is, because the american people trust this person. but we hope that that will -- this will be a person who will strive for developing relations with our country, and creating a better, a securer world, a more secure world. >> just to be clear, mr. president, i -- the world brilliant was in the interfax translation. i realize that other translations might say it's bright. but i used the official interfax translation. but let me ask you about another person you have dealt with a
7:22 am
great deal, mr. trump you've never met. hillary clinton was secretary of state in your very long question and answers with the russian people, you made a joke about when somebody asks you about her, you said i think that the russian idiom is, the husband and wife is the same devil. and what it means in the english version is, it's two sides of the same coin. what did you mean by that? and what do you think -- how did she do as secretary of state? you dealt with her extensively. >> translator: well, you know, probably -- i probably just said that hot-headedly. probably i was just impulsive when i said that about her. i did not work with hillary that much. you know, mr. lavrov was our foreign minister back then. that was him who worked with her. i'd like to say i worked a lot with the american president back then. and i can say that we shared very good relations.
7:23 am
and i'm even grateful to him for the signs of attention and respect to me personally. and to russia when i started my term as the president of the russian federation. and speaking about madam clinton, she probably has her own view regarding the development of the russian-american relations. but there's one thing that i'd like to draw your attention to. it is not relevant to russian-american relations or to any other big political issue. it is more relevant to human resources policy because, you know, based on my own experience i can say the following. i've seen many people change after they were appointed at some office. because, you know, when they have different responsibilities
7:24 am
they start to think differently, to speak differently, and even their appearances change. because, you know, we believe, in this regard i can say that, we hope that the sense of responsibility of the head of the state of the united states, and the united states is a country that a lot depends on in the world, we hope that the sense of responsibility will encourage the future american president to work together for a more secure world. to work constructively. next on "gps," stay with us here in st. petersburg. when we come back, president putin holds more sway in syria than any other outside leader. what does he think it will take to end the crisis?
7:25 am
i've been blind since birth. i go through periods where it's hard to sleep at night, and stay awake during the day. learn about non-24 by calling 844-844-2424. or visit
7:26 am
7:27 am
7:28 am
this is st. petersburg, russia, and you are watching a special edition of "gps" from here. while i was here i had the opportunity to moderate a panel starring president vladimir putin, the russian leader. he has a huge sway over syria's leader bashar al assad, who recently announced his intent to retake every inch of his
7:29 am
country. what does that mean? there are so many areas to cover with you, mr. president, so let me go to the middle east. where russia has had a forceful intervention to bolster the assad regime. president assad now says that his goal is to take back every square inch of his territory. do you believe that the solution in syria is that the assad regime should take back and govern every square inch of syria? >> translator: i believe that today the problem in syria boils down to the fight against terrorism. but it's not all of it. at the core of this conflict there are contradictions inside the syrian society. and president assad is aware of
7:30 am
that. and the question is not about gaining control over various territories. although it is very important. the question is to ensure trust on sides of all the society, confidence on the side of various parts of the society to each other. and based on this confidence and trust, to shape inefficient management, and administration that would be trusted by the whole population of the country. and there is no other way but the way of political negotiations. we have been calling upon that on many occasions. president assad keeps mentioning it, as well. he is committed to this process. what is to be done? we need to be actively involved in the process for development of the new constitution, and based on, reach new elections, provincial elections and parliamentary elections ought to be organized. when president assad visited
7:31 am
moscow, we talked about that. and he agreed to that. and i would agree to the proposal put forth by our partners, including the american partners, according to which, maybe i'm saying something i'm not supposed to say, but i believe it is a well-known fact in the region, it is a well-known fact for the negotiators representing the opposition, and the government, i'm referring to this american proposal, which is quite acceptable. we should think about the ways to incorporate the representative of the opposition in to the existing power models, including the government. we should think about the authorities of the government. but again, we don't need to outreach ourselves. we should be guided by the current reality. we shouldn't be striving to set forth goals that cannot be achieved. when partners say that assad should go tomorrow, and after that they say it's not going to be tomorrow, but at the same time, they insist on
7:32 am
restructuring of the authorities, which would actually imply his going, it's not the way to go. we need to go step by step with the participation of all the sides. next on "gps," vladimir putin's response to charges that russia's athletes have been engaged in doping on a massive scale. what if we made a had to seek it out... ...but easier, like taking a left where you usually go right... ...and if finding that paint... ...made you beam with pride... it still paint? benjamin moore. paint like no other. man, it's like pure power at your finger tips. like the power to earn allstate reward points, every time i drive. ...want my number? and cash back for driving safe. and the power to automatically find your car... i see you car! and i got the power to know who's coming and when if i break down. must be gerry. hey...
7:33 am
in means getting more from your car insurance with the all-powerful drivewise app. it's good to be in, good hands.
7:34 am
what would help is simply being able to recognize a fair price. truecar has pricing data on every make and model, so all you have to do is search for the car you want, there it is. now you're an expert in less than a minute. this is truecar. it's more than a nit's reliable uptime. and multi-layered security. it's how you stay connected to each other and to your customers. with centurylink you get advanced technology solutions, including an industry leading broadband network, and cloud and hosting services - all with dedicated, responsive support. with centurylink as your trusted technology partner, you're free to focus on growing your business. centurylink. your link to what's next. where self-proclaimed ofinancial superstars , pitch you investment opportunities. i've got a fantastic deal for you- gold!
7:35 am
with the right pool of investors, there's a lot of money to be made. but first, investors must ask the right questions and use the smartcheck challenge to make the right decisions. you're not even registered; i'm done with you! i can...i can... savvy investors check their financial pro's background by visiting
7:36 am
and we are back. this is a special edition of "fareed zakaria gps" coming to you today from the beautiful city of st. petersburg, russia, where i had the opportunity this week to sit down on stage with president putin. now more of our conversation.
7:37 am
president putin, let me finally ask you one question about news reports about russian athletes. there are now two major investigations that have shown that russian athletes have engaged in doping on a massive scale, and that there has been a systematic evasion and doctors of testing and lab samples. and i was just wondering what your reaction to these reports is. >> translator: i'm not sure i understood what it meant. the problem had a change in the samples that were taken for the doping test. i saw that if samples are taken they are always removed for storage to the international organizations. if the samples are taken, they're always moved to the international organizations. and we cannot affect them in any way, as they are never stored in the territory of the russian federation. they are going to lausanne or some other city.
7:38 am
i don't know. they can be reopened and rechecked. and i believe the experts are doing that at the moment. the doping problem is not only related to russia. it is the problem that is relevant for the whole sports world. and if someone is trying to politicize this area, it is a big mistake. and i can tell you with full responsibility that we're against any doping, we in russia, because, you know, i have been an amateur athlete, and i believe that many people will agree with me when i say that even if the doping is used it is much less interesting to watch that competition. the sport becomes less interesting for millions of spectators. and the second aspect that is very important is the health of athletes. because nothing can justify harm that is brought to the human body.
7:39 am
so at the state level we have been fighting doping in sport, and we will continue doing that. as i note the prosecutor general of the russian federation, and the investigate committee of the russian federation, were investigating all the facts. is had hchltds you are that most media pointed out. and there's another aspect i'd like to mention. you know, there's such a concept in law. there's only a concept of only individual responsibility. there is no concept of collective responsibility for athletes. there can be no collective responsibility for all athletes, for all athletes of a country, for example, because there are certain physical bodies that used performance enhancing drugs. maybe there are some, even if there are some physical bodies
7:40 am
who committed violations, it cannot be -- it cannot jeopardize all other athletes. the law enforcement agencies have to treat all the violators in the same way. this is our position. we are going to work in this way, in our fighting against stimulants and dopings, and we are going to work with the fans associations. and i believe there are many sensible people among the fans who realize that any violations cannot express their support for the team they love. any violations only jeopardize the teams they support. but i realize that we still have a lot to do in this area. but let me emphasize that we have never supported any violations in sports.
7:41 am
we have never supported that at the state level. and we will never support this. we will never support any dopings or any other violations in this area, and we are going to cooperate with all of the international organizations in this regard. coming up next from here in st. petersburg, i will ask italian prime minister matteo renzi about the very real risk of a brexit. how bad would it be for europe? is there a way back? (vo) whatever your perfect temperature...
7:42 am
you'll enjoy consistent comfort with the heating and air conditioning systems homeowners rank number one. american standard heating and air conditioning. a higher standard of comfort.
7:43 am
mary buys a little lamb. one of millions of orders on this company's servers. accessible by thousands of suppliers and employees globally. but with cyber threats on the rise, mary's data could be under attack. with the help of at&t, and security that senses and mitigates cyber threats, their critical data is safer than ever. giving them the agility to be open & secure. because no one knows & like at&t. to make getting here easy. of flight combinations because the hardest part of any trip, should be leaving. expedia. technology connecting you to what matters.
7:44 am
♪ no, you're not ♪ yogonna watch it! ♪tch it! ♪ ♪ we can't let you download on the goooooo! ♪
7:45 am
♪ you'll just have to miss it! ♪ yeah, you'll just have to miss it! ♪ ♪ we can't let you download... uh, no thanks. i have x1 from xfinity so... don't fall for directv. xfinity lets you download your shows from anywhere. i used to like that song. welcome back to a special edition of "gps," coming to you today from st. petersburg, russia. where i sat down on friday with not only president putin but also the prime minister of italy, matteo renzi, and the president of kazakhstan, nursultan nazarbayev. listen in. prime minister renzi, there is a
7:46 am
view that if britain were to leave europe, the european union, that it would be possible to renegotiate terms and maybe over two to three years come up with a new way in which britain can be part of the european union. do you believe that's possible? or do you believe that, if brexit happens, britain is once and for all out of europe. >> translator: well, to be brief, to be brief, if uk should exit europe, it's forever. it would be forever. it's not there's a match, it's a guest match. no, if it should happen and short-term prospect it will be a problem that will affect everybody in europe. but in midterm that would be first and foremost a major problem for the brits, not for the europeans. the ones who take the most risk are the british citizens.
7:47 am
british consumers. british pensioners. it's not citizens of united europe, although probably at initial stages i suppose it would be. that we shall see a very serious financial tension. secondly, i still think that victory will stay with those who want to stay with europe and stay in europe. for this reason, i believe that the brits are much wiser than what is presented to us through surveys and polls. thirdly no matter what is the article of the referendum on the 25th of march of 2017, europe will be a young lady at 70 -- at 60. but what it needs, or what she needs, is to fully change her outlook upon herself.
7:48 am
even if the brexit referendum -- even for britain staying in europe, stay there, it's not europe skepticism that will bring an end to europe, no. on the 25th of march of 2017, when we shall celebrate 60 years of those documents that started the eu, it will take place in rome, saw the first signing of those accords, we should mention a view of europe that europe that is based on a set that no longer works. europe that should put as a focus for attention human capital, technological innovation, this is the only europe that can exist. otherwise it will be doomed to an end. i'm a european that holds an
7:49 am
italian passport and i think it's fundamentally important that europe should find the energy, let's say, not only chase the current events, and trends, whatever it be, in 2017 europe should start again. otherwise it will see its end. >> president nazarbayev if i may ask you a question, the united states is getting ready to ask itself, if it -- is it -- is it right -- is it ready, is america ready for a woman president? and i noticed that you have appointed a deputy prime minister who is a woman, and i'm wondering at some point do you think kazakhstan will be ready for a female president? >> translator: i thought that president putin has already answered all the questions. [ applause ] and he's now -- please why do you think kazakhstan cannot have a woman president?
7:50 am
it may well be, kazakhstan also 51% of our population in kazakhstan are people. gender policy is developing normally, 30% of deputies of national parliament are women. our government has ministers, several ministers, female ministers, so it is quite possible, especially given that such -- there are some ladies who will well prepared for that. [ applause ] >> translator:s also know some of them, don't i? >> translator: given that i have three daughters, i have very special attitude and relations towards ladies. >> when we come back from st. petersburg, i'll tell you the amazing story of a beautiful piece of music, and how it was performed here amidst the most hellishly unimaginable
7:51 am
circumstances, the worst siege in human history. ♪ if you have moderate to severe plaque psoriasis isn't it time to let the real you shine through? introducing otezla, apremilast.
7:52 am
otezla is not an injection, or a cream. it's a pill that treats plaque psoriasis differently. some people who took otezla saw 75% clearer skin after 4 months. and otezla's prescribing information has no requirement for routine lab monitoring. don't take otezla if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. otezla may increase the risk of depression. tell your doctor if you have a history of depression or suicidal thoughts, or if these feelings develop. some people taking otezla reported weight loss. your doctor should monitor your weight and may stop treatment. side effects may include diarrhea, nausea, upper respiratory tract infection, and headache. tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, and if you're pregnant or planning to be. ask your dermatologist about otezla today. otezla. show more of you.
7:53 am
i'm terhe golf. but i'd like to keep being terrible at golf for as long as i can. new patented ensure enlive has hmb plus 20 grams of protein to help rebuild muscle. for the strength and energy to do what you love. new ensure enlive. always be you.
7:54 am
i'm coming to you from st.
7:55 am
petersburg this week during the white nights, a stretch of time during the summer months when the sun never quite dips far enough below the horizon for the sky to be truly dark. the city comes alive during this period, with nonstop festivals and night life. if one could call it that at a time when the sun never actually sets. but it brings me to my question of the week. what famous resident of st. petersburg published a work titled "white nights"? peter the great, theodore dostoyevski, alexander pushkin or nikolai rimsky-korsakov? stay tuned and we'll tell you the answer. my book of the week is something i've just started. the most famous novel ever set in st. petersburg, dostoyevski's "crime and punishment." i decided to pick it up again after having read it for a class over 30 years ago. is superb by oliver ready for
7:56 am
the new translation i'm reading is superb by oliver ready for penguin classics. and now for the last look. st. petersburg is famous for its beauty, art and culture. but it is also famous for its grit. during world war ii, the german army encircled and bombarded the city, called leningrad at the time, from september 1941 to january 1944. and in nearly 900 days, more than 1 million people died according to some estimates, many from starvation and the cold. that is nearly four times as many people as died in the nuclear attacks on hiroshima and nagasaki combined. the people of leningrad resisted the nazi attack in many ways, even showing their defiance in a manner that embodied the city's rich cultural traditions, using music. dmitri shostakovich is in the pantheon of the world's greatest composers. when the siege began, he was living in leningrad. everybody, even the world's
7:57 am
finest artists, had to play a part in the war effort. >> shostakovich himself volunteered to be in the fire brigade at the leningrad conservatory. >> "the new yorker's" alex ross. >> he wanted to throw himself in to the war effort as everyone else did. >> but fighting fires wasn't enough for him. he set out to write an ode to the people of leningrad and their struggle against the germans in the form of a symphony. >> actually composed a good part of it during the siege, with bombs falling, the endless noise of cannon and gunfire. >> shostakovich's 7th is imbony was dedicated to the city of len leningrad. once completed, it was performed to great acclaim all over the
7:58 am
west. but what shostakovich really wanted to do was hear it performed in leningrad during the siege. the ultimate symbol of defiance. but the nazis had other ideas. >> the opposing german general heard about this plan and was going to disrupt it, with a bombardment. there was a preemptive soviet attack on german positions, to shut down the, you know, german artillery, just before the performance began -- >> in order to -- >> in order to have the silence that the music needed. but then even more extraordinary, loudspeakers were set up on the edge of no-man's-land, and the sound of the performance was broadcast over to the other side, as a deliberate effort at demoralizing the german troops. >> there's evidence that it did actually demoralize the nazis. ♪
7:59 am
and despite the staggering homen cost while the siege lasted for another 500 days, leningrad never fell. >> the symphony will forever be a symbol of the struggle of the second world war of the defiance of the city, and of the power of artists who speak for the entire people, and to speak to them in a way that is absolutely direct in impact, that has this emotion that can never be shook off. it remains as strong today as it was in 1941, '42. ♪ >> the correct answer to the gps challenge question is b., dostoyevski's short story entitled "white nights" was set in st. petersburg and published in 1848.
8:00 am
this was two decades before crime and punishment. it is only fitting that the term white nights is associated with one of st. petersburg's greatest cultural icons. to all of you for being part of my program this week, i will see you next week, back in new york city. good morning happy father's day. i'm brian stelter, time for "reliable sources" our weekly look at the story behind the story how news and pop culture get made. donald trump revoking "the washington post's" press credentials. should other news outlets impose a trump bracket? plus an exclusive profile of the woman who defended the ban, trump's press shy press secretary au pics. first the search for meaning after a murderous rampage in orlando. we've seen the victim's faces and heard their names and also now