Skip to main content

tv   Patagonia Life on the Edge of the World  CNN  July 23, 2022 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT

7:00 pm
next on "patagonia: life on the edge of the world" -- in the mountains, condors own the skies. while pumas reign below. but their world is changing fast and they need to adapt to survive. the first time i saw orca was unexpected. a large group was hunting.
7:01 pm
>> it was this combination of feeling awe and at the same time a little bit of horror and shame. it goes into your heart and into your mind and it doesn't leave you. ♪ >> at the ends of the earth is a land of extremes. home to spectacular wildlife. for centuries, people and animals have battled for supremacy, but now enemies are becoming allies. together, they face new challenges. in a rapidly changing world.
7:02 pm
>> you are at the mercy of the elements. >> this is the story of what it takes to survive on the edge of the world. ♪ the land along patagonia's eastern coast is barren. [ seagulls ] >> but the sea is rich with life. ♪ >> the andes cut through patagonia, blocking moist air flowing from the pacific, creating the eighth largest desert in the world. but off the atlantic coast a cold southern current mixes with the warmer brazilian one,
7:03 pm
producing the perfect conditions for marine life. ♪ >> on land, a wild patchwork of desolate beaches, rocky outcrops and towering cliffs overlook one of the most important marine reserves on the planet. the top predator patrolling these waters -- orca. ♪ >> also known as killer whales. the largest members of the dolphin family. this pod of ten is a close-knit group that will stay together their entire lives. the leader of this family is
7:04 pm
wise, old grandma known as maga. it's high tide and the 40-year-old matriarch leads her family towards shore. their target, unsuspecting seals and sea lion pups. but how to get to them on the beach? ♪ >> the family has perfected an ingenious way to hunt here. ♪ >> first, they swim sideways to hide their telltale dorsal fins. the seals have no idea that these six-ton killers are so close. then the orca do something extraordinary.
7:05 pm
they beach themselves. >> it's a remarkable technique. ♪ >> the beaches are death traps for whales and dolphins. it's too easy to get stranded, but not for this family. they've learned how to expertly maneuver back into the sea. maga and her pod are only one of two orca families in the world known to pull off this dangerous feat. ever since she first laid eyes on them, orca expert maria leoni gaffet has been fascinated by
7:06 pm
these predators. >> i was born here in patagonia, quite close to the peninsula of valdes. it was always quite a strong experience to see them for the first time especially hunting in this manner, and i guess that's when they started to exist for me. >> maria leoni was determined to understand their behavior. she decided to camp out along this desert coastline for three months a year when the orcas hunt most. for 20 years she's observed maga and her family and can identify individuals by their unique markings. >> you take photos of their fins, of their saddle patches.
7:07 pm
the idea is to do observation of this population and of their behavior over long periods of time. >> maria leoni realized their hunting technique was not instinctive, but learned. >> they start teaching the calves when they're really tiny. you know, they start to bring them to the shore slowly and safely until eventually they can do it on their own. >> it's an incredible skill taught by one generation to the next. ♪ >> good morning, maga's hunting class is in session. ♪ >> she's working with her grandchildren on their stranding technique. >> she's a great teacher. she's really proficient and professional.
7:08 pm
>> today's challenge, the young calves are to swim into the shallows grabbing clumps of seaweed. a practice run like this is critical. if they master this skill they'll never go hungry. but one wrong move and they could beach themselves and die. ♪ >> maga leads her class up to the breakers daring them to grab some seaweed and one bold student goes for it, launching into the shallows. ♪ >> success. >> maria leoni has discovered that it takes four years for each new generation to master
7:09 pm
this behavior. ♪ >> allowing this orca pod to thrive along the desert coast. while maga and her family return to open water, on land, a real estate dispute is about to get bloody. ♪ you ever wonder why people are always on their phones? they're banking, with bank of america. look at this guy. he bought those tickets on his credit card and he's rackin' up the rewards.
7:10 pm
she's using zelle to pay him back for the hot dogs he's about to buy. and the announcer? he's not checkin' his stats, he's finding some investing ideas with merrill. and third as you know in baseball means three. digital tools so impressive, you just can't stop banking. what would you like the power to do? (brad) how does apartments-dot-com create the most eye-tingling virtual tours around? watch this: activate shrink suit. (kevin) wait. ah, oh! (brad) kevin? (kevin) hello? (brad) let's start by getting that woodgrain. (kevin) uhh, capturing... (brad) oooh, nice. oh... (kevin) nice kitty! (brad) kevin? kevin? this one is also pet-friendly. apartments-dot-com. the place to find a place. (purrs.) if you have this... consider adding this. an aarp medicare supplement insurance plan from unitedhealthcare. medicare supplement plans help by paying some of what medicare doesn't...
7:11 pm
and let you see any doctor. any specialist. anywhere in the u.s. who accepts medicare patients. so if you have this... consider adding this. call unitedhealthcare today for your free decision guide. ♪ before treating your chronic migraine— 15 or more headache days a month, each lasting 4 hours or more you're not the only one with questions about botox®. botox® prevents headaches in adults with chronic migraine before they even start—with about 10 minutes of treatment once every 3 months. so, ask your doctor if botox® is right for you, and if a sample is available. effects of botox® may spread hours to weeks after injection causing serious symptoms. alert your doctor right away, as difficulty swallowing, speaking, breathing, eye problems, or muscle weakness can be signs of a life-threatening condition. side effects may include allergic reactions, neck and injection site pain, fatigue, and headache. don't receive botox® if there's a skin infection.
7:12 pm
tell your doctor your medical history, muscle or nerve conditions, and medications, including botulinum toxins, as these may increase the risk of serious side effects. in a survey, 92% of current users said they wish they'd talked to their doctor and started botox® sooner. plus, right now, you may pay zero dollars for botox®. learn how abbvie could help you save on botox®. [whistling] when you have technology that's easier to control... that can scale across all your clouds... we got that right? yeah, we got that. it's easier to be an innovator. so you can do more incredible things. [whistling]
7:13 pm
the beaches along patagonia's desert coast at el pedral are wild and exposed. it's not an easy place to raise a family. just ask some of its more iconic residents. ♪ >> magellanic penguins. each spring these migratory waddlers return from their feeding grounds up north to breed. under the watchful eye of conservationist papi garcia. >> the first time i heard of something called a penguin it was through my grandmother. she used to tell me very, very warm and nice stories about penguins when i was a small boy.
7:14 pm
>> when papi finally saw them he was captivated. ♪ >> i was 19, 18 years old. i came to one of the colonies here in patagonia and that was an epiphany moment and i had a feeling that i had to dedicate my life to their conservation. >> today the beach is busy, but it wasn't always like this. >> the first time i came there were only six pairs of nests. this place was a real mess. there were a lot of reckless people and careless fishermen coming here throwing garbage everywhere. we needed to protect this colony because otherwise they would leave and they would never come back. >> it took several years of clearing trash and getting local support to turn this polluted
7:15 pm
beach into a protected area. ♪ >> papi's efforts paid off. ♪ >> and the penguins returned. >> the colony group from those six original pairs of penguins to over 3,000 pairs now. so that was a home run. ♪ >> papi now lives nearby with his wife laura. during breeding season they regularly monitor the penguins. >> when you work with them and you visit them very frequently you get to know them better, and one of the favorite penguins in this colony is called clarita. >> she is one of the original few that restarted the colony. [ speaking foreign language ]
7:16 pm
>> we know that she's about 16 years old. she was able to raise 14 chicks, and the last two chicks are hatching right now. >> papi weighs and measures clarita's newborns to make sure they're in good health. ♪ [ speaking foreign language ] >> clarita, for me, represents the hope for this planet. whatever we do in terms of conservation is really worthwhile because this colony
7:17 pm
is showing us that a small action that we decided to do a long time ago is having a big impact. >> the penguins are doing so well here they're running out of nest sites leading to a real estate crunch. this male has decided to move in on another family's burrow. >> the resident female watches on concerned. ♪ >> she calls for her partner. [ penguin calling sounds ]
7:18 pm
>> his gutteral squawks are a show of dominance. but the intruder isn't taking the hint. the two square off, beak to beak. ♪ >> the resident on the left gets in some good jabs. ♪ >> finally, bloodied and battered, the home invader is sent packing. next time maybe he'll think twice about moving into someone else's burrow. ♪
7:19 pm
>> 30 miles to the north on peninsula valdes, another colony's numbers are not doing so well. ♪ >> the small settlement of playa rebelde has a population of 200 people and shrinking. those that remain make a hard living from the ocean. ♪ >> one of them is lucas del rio. [ speaking foreign language ] >> lucas forages for shellfish
7:20 pm
on the sea floor. he doesn't use expensive scuba gear. instead, air is pumped from a compressor through a rubber hose directly into his mouth. ♪ >> 65 feet below the surface, he painstakingly collects mussels and scallops. it's a good harvest. lucas can gather up to 60 pounds in just a few minutes. ♪ >> but over his shoulder there's another creature lurking. ♪ on. ditch cable and switch to verizon business internet, with fast, reliable solutions, nationwide. find the perfect solution for your business.
7:21 pm
from the network businesses rely on. okay everyone, our mission is to provide complete balanced nutrition for strength and energy. woo hoo! ensure, complete balanced nutrition with 27 vitamins and minerals. and ensure complete with 30 grams of protein. ♪ ♪ as a main street bank, pnc has helped over 7 million kids develop their passion for learning through our grow up great initiative. and now, we're providing billions of dollars for affordable home lending programs... as part of 88 billion to support underserved communities... including loans for small businesses in low and moderate income areas. so everyone has a chance to move forward financially.
7:22 pm
pnc bank: see how we can make a difference for you. why is roger happy? it's the little things carvana does. like giving him a real offer in two minutes and carvana's customer advocate caitlin picking up his car at promptly 10am. then paying him right there on the spot. we'll drive you happy at carvana. ♪ you ain't seen nothin' yet ♪ ♪ b-b-baby, you just ain't seen n-n-nothin' yet ♪ ♪ here's something, ♪ ♪ here's something you're never gonna fff-forget, baby ♪ get a dozen shrimp for only one dollar with any steak entrée. only at applebee's. i don't hydrate like everyone else. because i'm not everyone else. they drink what they're told to drink. i drink what helps me rehydrate and recover: pedialyte® sport. because it works... and so do i. ♪ hydration beyond the hype. ♪
7:23 pm
there's a reason comcast business powers more businesses than any other provider. actually, there's a few. comcast business offers the fastest, reliable network... the protection of security edge... and the most reliable 5g network. want me to keep going? i can... whether your small business is starting or growing, you need comcast business. technology solutions that put you ahead. get a great offer on internet and security, now with more speed and more bandwidth. plus find out how to get up to a $650 prepaid card with a qualifying bundle.
7:24 pm
the beaches along patagonia's peninsula valdes offer little in the way of sustenance, but its rich waters teem with life. below the surface, diver lucas del rio is collecting mussels, and he has company.
7:25 pm
42 tons of it. ♪ [ speaking foreign language ] >> there's never a dull moment when you're working alongside giants. [ speaking foreign language ] >> lucas takes his haul back to dry land, avoiding whales as he goes. this bay is home to hundreds of them. it's one of the largest nurseries on the planet. for southern right whales. ♪
7:26 pm
their name is a reminder of a darker past when these slow-moving whales were considered the right ones to hunt. they were driven to the brink of extinction. ♪ >> by the end of the whaling era in the 1960s, less than 1,000 were left worldwide. researcher mariana coscarella has been monitoring them for decades. [ speaking foreign language ] >> mariano is now dedicated to protecting these whales. [ speaking foreign language ]
7:27 pm
>> taking skin samples is a key way to monitor them. [ speaking foreign language ] >> but getting one isn't easy. [ speaking foreign language ] >> his crossbow fires a special dart designed to collect a small amount of skin. he needs to time his shot perfectly. ♪ [ speaking foreign language ]
7:28 pm
>> this single sample will provide mariano with a wealth of data, the whale's genetics, age and exposure to pollution, information crucial to both understanding more about the species and helping its survival. [ speaking foreign language ] [ speaking foreign language ] >> the southern right whales have bounced back, but their healthy population has attracted unwanted attention. a mother and her calf are being tailed by a family of killers.
7:29 pm
orca. mom heads for the safety of the shallows. but the orca pod quickly catches up with them. ♪ >> the young orca is given the chance to hone its hunting skills. ♪ >> the right whale mom twists and turns putting herself between her baby and the attackers. ♪
7:30 pm
>> in desperation she wedges her calf on the sea floor protecting its soft underbelly. ♪ >> her defensive maneuver works. the orca call off the attack. ♪ >> the calf is exhausted. ♪ >> and comes in for a much needed feed. he can drink up to 150 gallons of milk a day. he'll rely on mom for food and protection for at least a year. but the right whales aren't the only species making a
7:31 pm
comeback here. this corridor from bahia creek to bahia san blas is a haven for several of the most misunderstood animals, sharks. ♪ >> blue sharks hunt along this coast. their 5,700-mile journey around the atlantic is one of the longest of any marine animal, but there's another dangerous predator in these waters. [ speaking foreign language ] ♪ uh, what's ahead of us. i don't get it. yeah. maybe this will help. so now we're in the present.
7:32 pm
and now... we're in the future. the all-electric chevy bolt euv with available super cruise™ for hands-free driving. - dad. - yeah? do fish get thirsty? eh. find new answers. find new roads. chevrolet. my active psoriatic arthritis can slow me down. now, skyrizi helps me get going by treating my skin and joints. along with significantly clearer skin, skyrizi helps me move with less joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and fatigue. and skyrizi is just 4 doses a year after two starter doses. skyrizi attaches to and reduces a source of excess inflammation that can lead to skin and joint symptoms. with skyrizi, 90% clearer skin and less joint pain is possible. serious allergic reactions and an increased risk of infections or a lower ability to fight them may occur. tell your doctor if you have an infection or symptoms, had a vaccine, or plan to. with skyrizi, there's nothing like the feeling
7:33 pm
of improving my skin and joints... ...and that means everything. now's the time to talk to your doctor about how skyrizi can help treat your psoriatic arthritis- so you can get going. learn how abbvie can help you save. there's a monster problem and our hero needs solutions. so she starts a miro to brainstorm. “shoot it?” suggests the scientists. so they shoot it. hmm... back to the miro board. dave says “feed it?” and dave feeds it. just then our hero has a breakthrough. "shoot it, camera, shoot a movie!" and so our humble team saves the day by working together. on miro.
7:34 pm
seen this ad? it's not paid for by california tribes. it's paid for by the out of state gambling corporations that wrote prop 27. it doesn't tell you 90% of the profits go to the out of state corporations. a tiny share goes to the homeless, and even less to tribes. and a big loophole says, costs to promote betting reduce money for the tribes, so they get less. hidden agendas. fine print. loopholes. prop 27. they didn't write it for the tribes or the homeless. they wrote it for themselves.
7:35 pm
ramiro cambareri is one of the most skilled shark hunters in patagonia. [ speaking foreign language ] >> he's fished these waters since he was a boy. [ speaking foreign language ]
7:36 pm
>> leopard fish is used to bait the hook. its scent will lure in any sharks in the area. [ speaking foreign language ] >> each line is attached to a float on the surface. it's now a waiting game. ♪ something has taken the bait. [ speaking foreign language ] >> a sevengill shark.
7:37 pm
they normally cruise close to the sea floor, however this one was tempted by ramiro's bait. [ speaking foreign language ] >> but this shark has nothing to fear. ramiro is no longer in the shark killing business. he's now working to save them. ♪ >> sharks have been pushed to the brink of extinction by over hunting. ramiro didn't want to continue being a part of the problem and so teamed up with juan martin cuevas from the ocean hunting team of argentina.
7:38 pm
[ speaking foreign language ] for the last five years ramiro has worked with juan catching sharks off the desert coast. like this rare taupe shark which is critically endangered. [ speaking foreign language ] >> then they insert an acoustic tag. it transmits a radio signal which can be picked up by underwater receivers. [ speaking foreign language ] >> these trackers help the teams to teach the other hunters about their migration patterns.
7:39 pm
[ speaking foreign language ] >> oh! >> they check if the tracker is working. the signal is loud and clear. [ speaking foreign language ] >> back on land, thousands of elephant seals have come ashore on the beaches of peninsula valdes. these massive seals spend more
7:40 pm
than 80% of the year feeding out at sea. ♪ when they come back to land, they've got one thing on their mind. ♪ >> breeding. this patch is the domain of one huge male. he's mastered this beach and has a harem of two dozen females. he wants to mate with all of them. but a young hotshot is trying to sneak in on the action. ♪ >> the beach master keeps a watchful eye.
7:41 pm
this new male is taking a big risk, but it might be his only chance to breed this year. the beach master has seen enough. time to show this young pretender who's boss. oh, marco's pepperoni magnifico. classic and old world pepperoni®
7:42 pm
on one pizza—and a large is just $9.99?! the phrase “slice of heaven” comes to mind... marco's. pizza lovers get it. say hello to high end stylings at prices you'll only find at lowe's.
7:43 pm
♪ ♪ meet our collection of exclusive brands. quality home furnishings at an affordable price. only at lowe's. [whistling] when you have technology that's easier to control... that can scale across all your clouds... we got that right? yeah, we got that. it's easier to be an innovator. so you can do more incredible things. [whistling] with best western rewards you get rewarded when you stay on the road and on the go. find your rewards so you can reconnect, disconnect,
7:44 pm
hold on tight and let go! stay two nights and get a free night. book now at flowers are fighters. that's why the alzheimer's association walk to end alzheimer's is full of them. because flowers find a way to break through. just like we will. join the fight at hitting the road, not all 5g networks are created equal. t-mobile covers more highway miles with 5g than verizon. t-mobile has more 5g bars in more places than anyone. another reason t-mobile is the leader in 5g.
7:45 pm
the beach on the peninsula valdes coast is about to become the scene of a heavy weight clash. two 5,000-pound contenders are going head to head. the prize, the chance to breed with two dozen females. they jab at each other's necks with their canine teeth, followed up with a two and a
7:46 pm
half-ton body slam. this fight is going the distance. ♪ but? -- but in the end the rookie backs down. the big male remains the master of the beach. for now, at least. when the breeding season is over the seals are hungry and return to the open ocean to feed. they swim east, heading hundred his of miles off the patagonian coast to their hunting grounds where there is an abundance of one of their favorite foods, squid. an other worldly creature that
7:47 pm
spends daylight hours hiding in depths of more than 2,500 feet. at night millions of them rise from the deep looking for food guided by the light of the moon or so they think. it's actually the light of a 2, 4, 00-foot fishing vessel, and it's not alone. ♪ >> around 150 ships work these waters. ♪ each one has 100 powerful lights. luring the squid up to the surface where they're snagged by a long line of hooks.
7:48 pm
desperately trying to wiggle free, the squids squirt jets of water, but it's no use. every day this fleet can catch 7,500 tons of squid to be sold in europe and asia. it's a brutally efficient operation. but these underwater creatures do have some protection. ♪ >> the argentine coast guard is here in force. [ speaking foreign language ] ♪
7:49 pm
>> captain jose rafael quinteros is in charge of this coast guard destroyer. his mission is to make sure his fishing trip doesn't stray into patagonia's waters. [ speaking foreign language ] >> behind the border, marine life is protected from this super fleet. [ speaking foreign language ] >> the crew of the destroyer has their work cut out for them because this industrial-scale fishing is relentless. large support ships come to meet the fleet, taking the squid
7:50 pm
away, refueling and resupplying. the fishing boats rarely return to port and can spend years at sea. [ speaking foreign language ] >> the coast guard destroyer is not alone inside the protected zone. nearby are two endangered ocean giants, a pair of sei whales. and closer to shore, hundreds of
7:51 pm
dusky dolphins. but it's not just patagonia's waters that are busy. the skies above these cliffs are some of the region's most crowded airspace. here, i'll take that! yay!!! ensure max protein, with 30 grams of protein, 1 gram of sugar enter powered by protein challenge for a chance to win big! when pain says, “it's time to go home” “i say, “not yet”. ♪ ♪ aleve. who do you take it for? ♪ if you shop at walmart, you get it. ♪ you know how to spend a little less to get a little more to make life a little better. ♪ listen, i'm done settling. because this is my secret. i put it on once, no more touch ups!
7:52 pm
secret had ph balancing minerals; and it helps eliminate odor, instead of just masking it. so pull it in close. secret works. - common percy! - yeah let's go! on a trip. book with priceline. you save more, so you can “woooo” more. - wooo. - wooo. wooooo!!!!! woohooooo!!!! w-o-o-o-o-o... yeah, feel the savings. priceline. every trip is a big deal. (vo) get business internet from verizon, the network businesses rely on. ditch cable and switch to verizon business internet, with fast, reliable solutions, nationwide. find the perfect solution for your business. from the network businesses rely on. you might have heard of carvana and that we sell cars online. we believe buying a car should be something that gets you hyped up. and that your new car ought to come with newfound happiness and zero surprises. and all of us will stop at nothing to drive you happy. we'll drive you happy at carvana. discover theratears®. like no other dry-eye drop in the world.
7:53 pm
with the 5 vital electrolytes found in natural tears, theratears® is one-of-a-kind hydration that feels like silk. theratears®. a drop like no other™. after my car accident, wondnder whahatmy c cas. so i called the barnes firm. i'm rich barnes. youour cidedentase e woh than insurance offered? call the barnes firm now to find out. yoyou ght t beurprpris
7:54 pm
ci had no idea how muchw i wamy case was worth. c call the barnes firm to find out what your case could be worth. we will help get you the best result possible. ♪ call one eight hundred, eight million ♪
7:55 pm
at the northern tip of patagonia's desert coast is el condor. here the atlantic ocean has been carving the stand stone coastline for millennia. these crumbling cliffs are now the last refuge of a bird that used to be found all over south america. the burrowing parrot. after wintering up north, pairs return to the same nest every spring. it makes sense given how hard they've worked to dig out these homes. some stretch back ten feet into the cliff. ♪ >> mauricio is leading the charge to understand and conserve the parrots' last stronghold .
7:56 pm
>> mauricio first encountered these parrots while traveling around patagonia 20 years ago. he was smitten, and he has been here ever since. mauricio routinely encounters and counts the nests .
7:57 pm
>> inside most of these nests are hungry chicks. today it's this mom's turn to head out on the food run. the native vegetation she depends on is disappearing as fast as the amazon rain forest. to stand any chance of feeding her family, she must fly three hours inland to find seeds and berries. but the long trip isn't the only thing our ma needs to worry about. as she returns, she must deal with a neighbor from hell.
7:58 pm
the fastest animal in the world, a peregrine falcon. swooping in at over 200 miles per hour, it terrorizes the colony. our mom waits for her moment. one parrot doesn't make it . but our mom gets home safely .
7:59 pm
above mauricio, the skies are full of parrots. and future generations of these iconic birds will continue to return here to nest. at first this desert coast may seem a barren place. but its rich waters offer life to a vast number of incredible animals.
8:00 pm
and the continued protection of these threatened creatures is now more important than ever. next on "patagonia: life on the edge of the world," as summer arrives, animals are gathering in patagonia's fjords. but these remote, rich waters are in high demand. don't touch that dial. we're about to flip it for you. >> in five, four, three, two. >> tv is changing dramatically now with 150 channels that might be available in the near future. >> there's a lot of things that


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on