Skip to main content

tv   Patagonia Life on the Edge of the World  CNN  August 13, 2022 8:00pm-9:00pm PDT

8:00 pm
and wonderful. amazing things happen up in the trees. the first time i saw an orca it was quite unexpected. a quite large group was hunting. ♪ >> it was this combination of feeling awe and at the same time a little bit of horror and
8:01 pm
shame. it goes into your heart and into your mind and it doesn't leave you. >> at the ends of the earth is a land of extremes. home to spectacular wildlife. for century, people and animals have battled for supremacy, but now enemies are becoming allies. together, they face new challenges. in a rapidly changing world. >> you are at the mercy of the elements. >> this is the story of what it takes to survive on the edge of the world.
8:02 pm
♪ the land along patagonia's eastern coast is barren. [ seagulls ] >> but the sea is rich with life. ♪ >> the andes cut through patagonia, blocking moist air flowing from the pacific, creating the eighth largest desert in the world. but off the atlantic coast a cold southern current mixes with the warmer brazilian one, producing the perfect conditions for marine life.
8:03 pm
♪ ♪ >> on land, a wild patchwork of desolate beaches, rocky outcrops and towering cliffs overlook one of the most important marine reserves on the planet. the top predator patrolling these waters -- orca. ♪ >> also known as killer whales. the largest members of the dolphin family. this pod of ten is a close-knit group that will stay together their entire lives. the leader of this family is
8:04 pm
wise, old grandma known as maga. it's high tide and the 40-year-old matriarch leads her family towards shore. their target, unsuspecting seals and sea lion pups. but how to get to them on the beach? ♪ >> the family has perfected an ingenious way to hunt here. >> first, they swim sideways to hide their telltale dorsal fins. the seals have no idea that these six-ton killers are so close. then the orca do something extraordinary. they beach themselves. >> it's a remarkable technique.
8:05 pm
♪ >> the beaches are death traps for whales and dolphins. it's too easy to get stranded, but not for this family. they've learned how to expertly maneuver back into the sea. maga and her pawn are one of only two orca families in the world known to pull off this dangerous feat. ever since she first laid eyes on them, orca expert maria leoni gaffet has been fascinated by these predators.
8:06 pm
>> i was born here in patagonia, quite close to the peninsula of valdes. it was always quite a strong experience to see them for the first time especially hunting in this manner, and i guess that's when they started to exist for me. >> maria leoni was determined to understand their behavior. she decided to camp out along this desert coastline for three months a year when the orcas hunt most. for 20 years she's observed maga and her family and can identify individuals by their unique markings. >> you take photos of their fins, of their saddle patches.
8:07 pm
the idea is to do observation of this population and of their behavior over long periods of time. >> maria leoni realized their hunting technique was not instinctive, but learned. >> they start teaching the calves when they're really tiny. you know, they start to bring them to the shore slowly and safely until eventually they can do it on their own. >> it's an incredible skill taught by one generation to the next. ♪ >> this morning maga's hunting class is in session. she's working with her grandchildren on their stranding technique. >> she's a great teacher. she's really proficient and professional. >> today's challenge, the young calves are to swim into the shallows grabbing clumps of seaweed. a practice run like this is
8:08 pm
critical. if they master this skill they'll never go hungry. but one wrong move and they could beach themselves and die. ♪ >> maga leads her class up to the breakers daring them to grab some seaweed and one bold student goes for it, launching into the shallows. success. maria leoni has discovered that it takes four years for each new generation to master this behavior.
8:09 pm
allowing this orca pod to thrive along the desert coast. while maga and her family return to open water, on land, a real estate dispute is about to get bloody. finding the perfect designer isn't easy. but, at upwork, we found her. she's in austin between a dog named klaus and her favorite shade of green. it's actually salem clover. and you can find her right now on when the world is your workforce, finding the perfect project manager, designer, developer, or whomever you may need... tends to fall right into place. find top-rated talent who can start today on among my patients, i often see them have
8:10 pm
teeth sensitivity as well as gum issues. does it worry me? absolutely. sensodyne sensitivity & gum gives us the dual action effect that really takes care of both our teeth sensitivity as well as our gum issues. there's no question it's something that i would recommend. [sfx: ding] [message] hey babe, meet us at the bottom of the trail. oh, man. hey! open up! the redesigned chevy silverado. with a sophisticated, high-tech interior... open the door! it's easy to forget it's a truck. ♪ - thanks. - nice truck! it was. find new style. find new roads. ♪ if you shop at walmart, you get it. ♪ you know how to spend a little less to get a little more to make life a little better. ♪ yes, i'm a believer.
8:11 pm
always have been, and i tell my granddaughters, take care of yourselves you never know. but it takes all sorts to make a world. and it's not my place to tell a women if she can have an abortion or not. that is a decision between her, her doctor, and god. and that is why i am voting for democrats. ff pac is responsible for the content of this ad ♪ ♪ the thing that's different about a vrbo vacation home. you always have the whole place to yourself. no stranger at the dinner table making things awkward. or in another room taking up space. it's just you and your people. because why would you ever share your vacation home with someone you wouldn't share your vacation with. ♪ ♪ (vo) get verizon business unlimited
8:12 pm
from the network businesses rely on. like manny. event planning with our best plan ever. (manny) yeah, that's what i do. (vo) with 5g ultra wideband in many more cities, you get up to 10 times the speed at no extra cost. get verizon business unlimited from the network businesses rely on. the beaches along patagonia's desert coast at el pedral are wild and exposed. it's not an easy place to raise a family. just ask some of its more iconic residents. ♪ >> magellanic penguins.
8:13 pm
>> each spring these migratory waddlers return from their feeding grounds up north to breed. under the watchful eye of conservationist papi garcia. >> the first time i heard of something call would a penguin it was through my grandmother. she used to tell me very, very warm and nice stories about penguins when i was a small boy. >> when papi finally saw them he was captivated. >> i was 19, 18 years old. i came to one of the colonies here in patagonia and that was an epiphany moment and i had a feeling that i had to dedicate my life to their conservation.
8:14 pm
>> today the beach is busy, but it wasn't always like this. >> the first time i came there were only six pairs of nests. this place was a real mess. there were a lot of reckless people and careless fishermen coming here throwing garbage everywhere. we needed to protect this colony because otherwise they would leave and they would never come back. >> it took several years of clearing trash and getting local support to turn this polluted beach into a protected area. ♪ >> papi's efforts paid off.
8:15 pm
and the penguins returned. >> the colony group from those six original pairs of penguins to over 3,000 pairs now. so that was a home run. >> papi now lives nearby with his wife laura. during breeding season they regularly monitor the penguins. >> when you work with them and you visit them very frequently you get to know them better, and one of the favorite penguins in this colony is called clarita. >> she is one of the original few that restarted the colony. [ speaking foreign language ] >> we know that she's about 16 years old. she was able to raise 14 chicks, and the last two chicks are hatching right now.
8:16 pm
>> papi weighs and measures clarita's newborns to make sure they're in good health. >> clarita, for me, represents the hope for this planet. whatever we do in terms of conservation is really worthwhile because this colony is showing us that a small action that we decided to do a long time ago is having a big impact. >> the penguins are doing so well here they're running out of
8:17 pm
nest sites leading to a real estate crunch. this male has decided to move in on another family's burrow. >> the resident female watches on concerned. she calls for her partner. [ penguin calling sounds ] >> his gutteral squawks are a show of dominance. but the intruder isn't taking the hint. the two square off, beak to beak. ♪
8:18 pm
>> the resident on the left gets in some good jabs. >> finally, bloodied and battered, the home invader is sent packing. next time maybe he'll think twice about moving into someone else's burrow. >> 30 miles to the north on peninsula valdes, another colony's numbers are not doing so well. ♪ >> the small settlement of playa rebelde has a population of 200
8:19 pm
people and shrinking. those that remain make a hard living from the ocean. >> one of them is lucas del rio. >> lucas forages for shell fish on the sea floor. he doesn't use expensive scuba gear. instead, air is pumped from a compressor through a rubber hose directly into his mouth. >> 65 feet below the surface, he
8:20 pm
painstakingly collects mussels and scallops. it's a good harvest. lucas can gather up to 60 pounds in just a few minutes. >> but over his shoulder there's another creature lurking. ♪ ♪step to rhythm like♪ ♪you're going out tonight♪ ♪dance get with the groove and♪ ♪dance get up and move let's♪ ♪dance kick off your shoes and♪ ♪show me how you♪ ♪dance♪ ♪ ♪dance♪ ♪ ♪dance♪ get a free storage upgrade and case with s pen when you pre-order at at&t.
8:21 pm
8:22 pm
8:23 pm
8:24 pm
the beaches along patagonia's peninsula valdes offer little in the way of sustenance, but its rich waters team with life. below the surface diver lucas del rio is collecting mussels, and he has company. 42 tons of it. >> there's never a dull moment when you're working alongside giants .
8:25 pm
>> lucas takes his haul back to dry land, avoiding whales as he goes. this bay is home to hundreds of them. it's one of the largest nurseries on the planet. for southern right whales. ♪ >> their name is a reminder of a darker past when these slow-moving whales were considered the right ones to hunt. they were driven to the brink of extinction. ♪ >> by the end of the whaling era
8:26 pm
in the 1960s, less than 1,000 were left worldwide. researcher mariana coscarella has been monitoring them for decades. >> mariano is now dedicated to protecting these whales. >> taking skin samples is a key way to monitor them. [ speaking foreign language ]
8:27 pm
>> but getting one isn't easy. >> his crossbow fires a special dart designed to collect a small amount of skin. he needs to time his shot perfectly. ♪ >> this single sample will provide mariano with a wealth of data, the whale's genetics, age and exposure to pollution, information crucial to both understanding more about the
8:28 pm
species and helping its survival. >> the southern right whales have bounced back, but their population has attracted unwanted attention. a mother and her calf are being tailed by a family of killers. orca. mom heads for the safety of the shallows. ♪ >> but the orca pod quickly catches up with them. ♪
8:29 pm
>> the young orca is given the chance to hone its hunting skills. >> the right whale mom twists and turns putting herself between her baby and the attackers. ♪ >> in desperation she wedges her calf on the sea floor protecting its soft underbelly. her defensive maneuver works. the orca call off the attack. the calf is exhausted.
8:30 pm
and comes in for a much needed feed. he can drink up to 150 gallons of milk a day. he'll rely on mom for food and protection for at least a year. >> but the right whales aren't the only species making a comeback here. this corridor from bahia creek to bahia san blas is a haven for the most misunderstood animals, sharks. ♪ >> blue sharks hunt along this coast.
8:31 pm
their 5,700-mile journey around the atlantic is one of the longest of any marine animal, but there's another dangerous predator in these waters. new astepro allergy. no allergy spray is faster. with the speed of astepro, almost nothing can slow you down. because astepro starts working in 30 minutes, while other allergy sprays take hours. and astepro is the first and only 24-hour steroid free allergy spray. now without a prescription. astepro and go. ♪ [upbeat music] ♪ [sound of tape application] i just need you to sign option three. [cheering] ♪ [upbeat music] ♪
8:32 pm
for everything we need. for everything we want. for everything we do. [cheering] we're all better off with an ally. ♪ there's a monster problem and our hero needs solutions. so she starts a miro to brainstorm. “shoot it?” suggests the scientists. so they shoot it. hmm... back to the miro board. dave says “feed it?” and dave feeds it. just then our hero has a breakthrough. "shoot it, camera, shoot a movie!" and so our humble team saves the day by working together. on miro. wow! it's been 38 years since we were here. back then we could barely afford a hostel. i'm glad we invested for the long term with vanguard.
8:33 pm
and now, we're back here again... no jobs, no kids, just us. and our advisor is preparing us for what lies ahead. only at vanguard, you're more than just an investor you're an owner. giving you confidence throughout today's longer retirement. that's the value of ownership.
8:34 pm
8:35 pm
ramiro cambareri is one of the most skilled shark hunters in patagonia. >> he's fished these waters since he was a boy. [ speaking foreign language ] >> leopard fish is used to bait the hook. it's said it will lure in any sharks in the area. [ speaking foreign language ]
8:36 pm
>> each line is attached to a float on the surface. it's now a waiting game. ♪ >> something has taken the bait. >> a sevengill shark. they normally cruise close to the sea floor, however this one was tempted by ramiro's bait .
8:37 pm
>> but this shark has nothing to fear. ramiro is no longer in the shark killing business. he's now working to save them. sharks have been pushed to the brink of extinction by over hunting. ramiro didn't want to continue being a part of the problem and so teamed up with juan martin cuevas from the ocean hunting team of argentina. for the last five years ramiro has worked with juan catching sharks off the desert coast. like this rare taupe shark which
8:38 pm
is critically endangered. >> then they insert an acoustic track that picks up a radio signal that can be picked up from underwater receivers. >> these trackers help the teams to teach the other hunters about their migration patterns . >> oh! >> they check if the tracker is working.
8:39 pm
the signal is loud and clear . >> back on land, thousands of elephant seals have come ashore on the shores of peninsula valdes. these massive seals spend more than 80% of the year feeding out at sea. when they come back to land they've got one thing on their mind. breeding. this patch is the domain of one huge male.
8:40 pm
he's mastered this beach and has a harem of two dozen females. he wants to mate with all of them. >> but a young hotshot is trying to sneak in on the action. the beach master keeps a watchful eye. this new male is taking a big risk, but it might be his only chance to breed this year. the beach master has seen enough. time to show this young pretender who's boss.
8:41 pm
we're carvana the company who invented car vending machines and buying a car 100 percent online now we've created a brand new way for you to sell your car whether it's a year old, or a few years old we want to buy your car so go to carvana enter your license plate answer a few questions and our techno wizardry calculates your car's value and gives you a real offer in seconds when you're ready we'll come to you pay you on the spot and pick up your car that's it so ditch the old way of selling your car and say hello to the new way at carvana ever wonder what everyone's doing on their phones?
8:42 pm
they're banking, with bank of america. the groom's parents? they just found out they can redeem rewards for a second honeymoon. romance is in the air. like these two. he's realizing he's in love. and that his dating app just went up. must be fate. and phil. he forgot a gift, so he's sending the happy couple some money. digital tools so impressive, you just can't stop banking. what would you like the power to do? ♪ ♪
8:43 pm
this is the moment. for a treatment for moderate-to-severe eczema. cibinqo — fda approved. 100% steroid free. not an injection, cibinqo is a once-daily pill for adults who didn't respond to previous treatments. and cibinqo helps provide clearer skin and less itch. cibinqo can lower your ability to fight infections, including tb. before and during treatment, your doctor should check for infections and do blood tests. tell your doctor if you've had hepatitis b or c, have flu-like symptoms, or are prone to infections. do not take with medicines that prevent blood clots. serious, sometimes fatal infections, lymphoma, lung, skin and other cancers, serious heart-related events, and blood clots can happen. people 50 and older with heart disease risk factors have an increased risk of serious heart-related events or death with jak inhibitors. this is the moment. but we've only just begun. speak with your doctor about cibinqo today. an innovation from pfizer. ♪ if you shop at walmart, you get it.
8:44 pm
♪ you know how to spend a little less to get a little more to make life a little better. ♪ sleek curly we all want to fight frizz garnier fructis sleek and shine argan oil plus kera-system up to 72 hours frizz control 97% humidity protection fructis sleek & shine number one in anti-frizz by garnier, naturally! the beach on the peninsula valdes coast is about to become the scene of a heavy weight clash.
8:45 pm
two 5,000-pound contenders are going head to head. the prize, the chance to breed with two dozen females. they jab at each other's necks with their canine teeth, followed up with a two and a half-ton body slam. this fight is going the distance. but in the end, the rookie backs down.
8:46 pm
the big male remains the master of the beach. for now, at least. when the breeding season is over the seals are hungry and return to the open ocean to feed. they swim east, heading hundred his of miles off the patagonian coast to their hunting grounds where there is an abundance of one of their favorite foods, squid. another worldly creature that spends daylight hours hiding in depths of more than 2,500 feet. at night millions of them rise from the deep looking for food guided by the light of the moon or so they think.
8:47 pm
it's actually the light of a 420-foot fishing vessel, and it's not alone. around 150 ships work these waters. each one has 100 powerful lights. luring the squid up to the surface where they're snagged by a long line of hooks. desperately trying to wiggle free, the squid squirt jets of water. but it's no use. every day this fleet can catch 7,500 tons of squid to be sold in europe and asia.
8:48 pm
it's a brutally efficient operation. but these underwater creatures do have some protection. the argentine coast guard is here in force. >> captain jose rafael quinteros is in charge of this coast guard destroyer. his mission is to make sure the fishing fleet doesn't stray into patagonia's waters.
8:49 pm
>> behind the border, marine life is protected from this super fleet. >> the crew of the destroyer has their work cut out for them because this industrial-scale fishing is relentless. large support ships come to the fleet, refuelling and resupplying. the fishing boats rarely return to port and can spend years at sea.
8:50 pm
>> the coast guard destroyer is not alone inside the protected zone. nearby are two endangered ocean giants, a pair of sei whales. and closer to shore, hundreds of duski dolphins. but it's not just patagonia's waters that are busy. the skies above these cliffs are some of the region's most crowded airspace. this cnn original series, "patagonia" is brought to you by dish. united health care.
8:51 pm
health plans for wherever life takes you. i strip on public transit. i strip with the guys. i strip all by myself. breathe right strips open your nose for relief you can feel right away, helping you take in air more easily, day or night. denny's all-time favorite super slam is back. get bacon, sausage, eggs, hashbrowns and buttermilk pancakes for only $6.99. give your wallet a break and send it on a summer slamcation. the hottest deals are at denny's, america's value destination. welcome to your world. your why. what drives you?
8:52 pm
what do you want to leave behind? what do you want to give back? what do you want to be remembered for? that's your why. it's your purpose, and we will work with you every step of the way to achieve it. at pnc private bank, we'll help you take care of the how. so tell us - what's your why? ♪ (vo) what can a nationwide 5g network from t-mobile for business do for your business? unlock new insights and efficiency-right now. allow monitoring of productivity at remote job sites, with next-generation bandwidth. enable ai cameras that spot factory issues in real time, using next-generation speed. and deliver ultra-capacity 5g coverage that's years ahead of the competition. t-mobile for business has 5g that's ready right now.
8:53 pm
at xfinity, we're constantly innovating. and we're working 24/7 to connect you to more of what you love. we're bringing you the nation's largest gig speed network. available to more homes than anyone else. and with xfi complete, get 10x faster upload speeds. tech upgrades for your changing wifi needs. and advanced security at home and on the go to block millions of threats. only from us... xfinity. as a business owner, your bottom line is always top of mind. so start saving by switching to the mobile service designed for
8:54 pm
small business: comcast business mobile. flexible data plans mean you can get unlimited data or pay by the gig. all on the most reliable 5g network with no line activation fees or term contracts... saving you up to $500 a year. and it's only available to comcast business internet customers. so boost your bottom line by switching today. comcast business. powering possibilities. at the northern tip of patagonia's desert coast is el condor. here the atlantic ocean has been carving the stand stone coastline for millennia. these crumbling cliffs are now the last refuge of a bird that used to be found all over south
8:55 pm
america. the burrowing parrot. after wintering up north, pairs return to the same nest every spring. it makes sense given how hard they've worked to dig out these homes. some stretch back ten feet into the cliff. ♪ >> mauricio is leading the charge to understand and conserve the parrots' last stronghold . [ speaking foreign language ]
8:56 pm
>> mauricio first encountered these parrots while traveling around patagonia 20 years ago. he was smitten, and he has been here ever since. mauricio routinely encounters and counts the nests. . [ speaking foreign language ] >> inside most of these nests are hungry chicks. today it's this mom's turn to head out on the food run.
8:57 pm
the native vegetation she depends on is disappearing as fast as the amazon rain forest. to stand any chance of feeding her family, she must fly three hours inland to find seeds and berries. but the long trip isn't the only thing our ma needs to worry about. as she returns, she must deal with a neighbor from hell. the fastest animal in the world, a peregrine falcon. swooping in at over 200 miles per hour, it terrorizes the colony.
8:58 pm
our mom waits for her moment. one parrot doesn't make it. but our mom gets home safely . above mauricio, the skies are full of parrots. and future generations of these iconic birds will continue to return here to nest.
8:59 pm
at first this desert coast may seem a barren place. but its rich waters offer life to a vast number of incredible animals. and the continued protection of these threatened creatures is now more important than ever . next on "patagonia: life on the edge of the world," as summer arrive, animals are gathering in
9:00 pm
patagonia's fjords. but these remote, rich waters are in high demand


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on