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may 2nd of this year, an idyllic spring morning. no hint of what is to come that night. the nine justices of the supreme court attend a memorial service for one of their own, the late john paul stevens. the end of the court's term is just weeks away. >> a whole host of consequential decisions to come. >> a bitterly divided country awaits a momentous decision. >> is this the end of roe v. wade? >> of law and of life. >> at the service, the judges look collegial, they call
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themselves a happy family. beneath the surface, there is much more to the story. >> they not only aren't getting along with each other. they don't like each other. >> it is a court at war with itself. and in the center stands chief justice john roberts. >> john roberts is someone who is used to winning. >> he's very much a judicial conservative. >> not a fan of roe v. wade. >> but the chief is said to be keenly aware that abolishing roe could tear america apart. >> he cared more about preserving the legitimacy of the supreme court. >> which meant saving roe. >> he wasn't going to let go. >> months earlier -- oral arguments in the case of dobbs versus jackson women's health center. at issue, a mississippi law that
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would limit but not eliminate the right to an abortion. but five justices want to abolish it altogether. >> the conservatives to his right wanted to go all out against roe v. wade. >> the fetus has an interest in having a life. >> i thought it was stunning. >> to say roe, roberts must change one vote. >> there was really only one desperate hope. it all came down to kavanaugh. >> justice brett kavanaugh. >> brett kavanaugh has at times gone with the chief. >> prior to his confirmation hearings, justice kavanaugh was widely thought of as somebody who likes to be in the middle. >> that was prior to the hearings. >> i hope the american people can see through this sham. >> the fight over kavanaugh's nomination was ugly. >> a nomination in turmoil. >> this has destroyed my family. >> physical and sexual assault. >> i have never sexually
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assaulted anyone. >> it was just a train wreck. >> so help me god. >> some even thought the damaging hearings might affect kavanaugh's vote on roe. >> he would have enraged conservatives by not overturning roe v. wade. right now, those are his only friends. >> yet, as the spring wore on, there appeared to be a chance kavanaugh might flip. >> a lot of chatter in conservative circles he might be about to go along with chief justice roberts. >> then the stakes rose higher. in late april, the "wall street journal" fired a warning shot. straight at roberts and kavanaugh. >> the "wall street journal" editorial page is very wired in to the conservative side of this court. >> it called the roberts effort to save roe a ferocious lobbying campaign. >> don't be bullied. don't be persuaded by john roberts. >> yet even by may 2nd, there was still a chance of turning
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the vote around. >> i thought there might be some ambivalence there. >> chief justice roberts bent over backwards. >> but the chief's desperate mission would not last the night. >> the roberts effort ended at 8:32 p.m. in one dramatic moment with a keystroke, politico published samuel alito's draft opinion abolishing roe v. wade. >> the stunning news from the supreme court. >> unprecedented leak of this major draft opinion. >> it was like a bomb went off. >> it was such a breach of their secrecy. >> first time in history. >> there has never been a leak like this. >> john roberts had lost his fight. >> my body, my choice. >> june 24th, the final decision.
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a shock but not a surprise. >> this is cnn breaking news. >> the supreme court has overturned roe v. wade. >> ended the constitutional right to an abortion. >> there was unbridled joy. >> historic day. >> on the other side of the great american divide, the deepest despair. >> i am absolutely terrified. i'm so beyond livid. >> everything is on the table now. everything is on the table. >> i'm fareed zakaria. the republic endures, and this is the symbol of its faith. that description of the supreme court came from chief justice charles evans hughes in 1932. his words eloquent and precisely right. this country has long seen its
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highest court as the pinnacle of democracy. america's greatest glory has been judicial independence. judges who stood apart from politics, trusted to make big decisions based solely on the law. now, that foundational idea, that faith may be just one more casualty of america's deep political divide. 75% of americans, three-quarters, tell gallup they do not have full confidence in the supreme court. it is the lowest number ever recorded. why? what happened? this is the story of how we got here. >> the current supreme court committed an act of institutional suicide. by overturning roe v. wade. >> after the most dramatic
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supreme court ruling in decades, there was rage. even violence. americans had a message for their highest court. >> we won't go back. >> across the country, tens of thousands took to the streets. >> you ain't seen nothing yet. >> what i want you to do now -- >> the constitutional scholar noah feldman says america now sees a court poisoned by politics. >> the current court is taking all of its weight and putting it behind popular conservative positions. and the reason that's so scary from the standpoint of the united states is that we don't have another institution whose job it is to protect the most vulnerable, to protect the rule of law. >> feldman is a liberal who testified in favor of donald trump's impeachment. >> president trump has committed
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impeachable high crimes and misdemeanors. >> yet he also supported the nomination of amy coney barrett. >> she is a first class lawyer. i believe we need the smartest and best people. >> the right way to think about the supreme court is not to ask, is it liberal, is it conservative? it's to ask, what is the role that it fundamentally plays in preserving constitutional government. >> many americans questioned that role. >> these are live images, folks, at the doors of the supreme court. >> this crowd was trying to force its way inside the court to stop the swearing-in of justice brett kavanaugh. >> there's an adage about what the supreme court has. it doesn't have the power of the purse. it doesn't have the power of the sword. what it has is public respect. >> as a reporter, joan biskupic
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has seen radical changes over her 30 years of watching the court. >> people believe that that dobbs ruling was politically motivated, and why would they not? former president donald trump ran on a platform that included appointing only justices who would reverse roe v. wade. >> trump was open about it. he wanted justices with a bias. >> i will appoint judges that will be pro-life. >> highly, highly respected judges. >> republicans were nervous that trump would not appoint true conservatives. >> he will not invest the capital to confirm a conservative. >> to mollify the right, he released a list of right-wing judges. >> what we did, and i just have it, we just took a list of -- >> could he deliver the kinds of candidates we want for the
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supreme court? when he releases that, it immediately gives him credibility among establishment republicans. >> but donald trump had nothing to do with choosing the names on his list. >> that list was of course generated primarily by the federalist society. >> the federalist society, the most powerful legal conservative group in the country. every one of the conservative justices has strong ties to it. >> i thought it was stunning. the presidential candidate would take a list of judges from the federalist society and use those judges as part of a campaign. >> so we'll see the president and the supreme court justice. >> the president who chose three supreme court justices. >> congratulations. >> who transformed the court for a generation, outsourced crucial decisions to this man. >> he had an idea. what do you think of having me put out a list of people who i would pick from for the u.s.
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supreme court? i set about suggesting to him names of people who would be appropriate. >> leonard leo has long been the power behind the federalist society. amassing hundreds of millions of dollars to nurture a network of conservative judges. >> $1.6 billion from just one donor. >> leo hit the jackpot earlier this year with a record-breaking donation for another conservative group he controls. >> the largest single donor contribution that's ever been reported. >> leo told "the washington post" he doesn't like to talk about money. >> i don't engage in that conversation because, one, i'm not particularly knowledgeable about a lot of it. secondly, because it's just not what i do. >> all of this is important because leonard leo, a man elected by no one, a man few americans have even heard of, played a powerful role in choosing the most conservative court in a century.
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>> here they come. >> one example of leo's clout, justice neil gorsuch. >> was this the choice you advised president trump to make? >> well, my job was just to give him a list of great people and tell him everything i could about each of them. >> was he on the list? >> neil gorsuch? >> yeah. >> absolutely. >> leonard, you were fantastic. >> the ability of trump to have that outstanding list of nominees to choose from has everything to do with the success of the federalist society in creating a movement. >> cary sab areno works with leonard leo. >> he's someone i absolutely work with very closely. >> show has led the public relations fight to push through conservative nominees. >> never a wisper of misconduct. it doesn't add up. confirm ckavanaugh. >> what we're really seeing is the left losing that str stranglehold on the court and
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being frustrated there are republican nominees that aren't as easily swayed to the middle as they were before. >> the federalist society began back in 1982 with a few chapters on law school campuses. >> the federalist society was born out of a perception from conservatives that liberal constitutional ideas had become the mainstream within american legal thinking. >> which was true. so conservatives embraced the society. >> very moneyed interests are pouring funds into the federalist society. >> then in 1987, a seismic event turned the federalist society into a conservative juggernaut. ronald reagan nominated one of its founding members the supreme court. judge robert bork. >> the bork battle was such a big defining moment in america. >> we're starting with justice rehnquist.
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>> back then, confirmation hearings were usually brief and tame affairs. >> you were a competent judge, capable of being a functioning justice, you would get confirmed. >> the bork confirmation changed that. >> judge bork should be immediately confirmed. >> the right thought bork would be a shoo-in. he was a distinguished scholar and an appeals court judge. >> so well respected and thought of in the legal academy, there would be no problem getting him confirmed. >> the left saw him as a far right extremist. >> liberals were appropriately worried about what robert bork would do if he got on the supreme court. >> among his views, he was against the 1964 civil rights act. >> blacks would sit at segregated lunch counters. >> ted kennedy led the charge against bork. >> robert bork's america is a land in which women would be forced into back alley abortions. >> the women's groups frankly are afraid. they're afraid of you. >> one incendiary example of why, bork had upheld a mandatory
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sterilization order for women who wanted to work at a chemical plant. >> i suppose the five women who chose to stay on the job on that job with higher pay and chose sterilization, i suppose that they were glad to have the choice. >> those in favor of the bork nomination will vote aye. those opposed will vote no. >> a young joe biden, then chairman of the senate judiciary committee, called for a vote. >> mr. byrd. >> no. >> the noes won. republicans were furious. >> let this trashing go on and let this good man be characterized as some sort of frankenstein's monster without raising a voice against it. all of us are accomplices. >> those hearings became sort of the battle cry of the republican party after that. >> nina toten brg has been a supreme court reporter for 50
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years. >> republicans definitely believe that democrats started this. now that they did this to bork, we're going to bork everybody else. >> a young senator from kentucky had the last word. >> so to robert bork, you fought the good fight. you happen to be the one who set the new senate standard that will be applied in my judgment by a majority of the senate prospectively. unfortunately, it got set over your dead body, so to speak. >> he essentially said you will rue the day. >> and he was right. >> this is a circus. a national disgrace. it is a high-tech lynching for uppity blacks. >> the circus hearing has become a repeated ritual. >> that is a farce. >> it would be the greatest travesty i have ever seen in the nomination process. >> the more corrosive the hearings grew, the more america's trust in the court
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collapsed. how did we get here? to really understand the roots of it, we need to go still further back, to what may just be the most consequential moment in supreme court history. the early 1950s. the post-war boom. but for many, the american dream was only available if you were white. segregation had an iron grip on the south. >> we have absolutely no intention of integrating in the south. >> for the brown family of topeka, kansas, separate but equal meant their daughter could not attend her neighborhood school. the supreme court heard the case of brown v. the board of education. like america itself, the court was bitterly divided over separate but equal. >> separate educational facilities are inherently
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unequal. >> a new chief justice was determined to change that. earl warren knew that a ruling in favor of brown would not be enforceable unless it was unanimous. >> chief justice warren was a great master of trying to bring the court together. >> he argued and cajoled for months. finally, he got every judge to agree. the court ruled for brown 9-0. >> since may 17th, 1954, america has never been quite the same. >> it was to me the magna carta. it was the second emancipation. >> it was the beginning of the warren court. a revolutionary judicial era that would change the fabric of american life. >> the court under earl warren just opened up america in so many different ways. >> it was in a sense today's
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court in reverse. >> conservatives used to castigate the liberal warren court as being activist. >> it issues dozens of rulings that enraged conservatives. >> history making decisions. >> some enhanced the rights of criminal defendants. >> the miranda decision. you have a right to a lawyer. >> there were also privacy rulings, on the right to use contraception, and to interracial marriages. all of it led to a collective shout from conservatives. impeach earl warren. when earl warren finally retired in 1969, conservatives believed they might finally get their chance to change the court. but it would be another 40 years, a long political battle for power and money, before the
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a bombshell decision by the supreme court. >> the court could target other landmark decisions. >> the most life-changing ruling in decades. >> 2022 has been a year of high drama at the supreme court. >> made possible by a conservative supermajority. >> the conservative majority of justices -- >> reverses nearly 50 years of interpreting the constitution. >> the supreme court in the last two years -- >> but america has been here before. >> we want a supreme court which will do justice under the constitution, not over it. >> the epic knockdown constitutional brawl. >> the political bombshell that divides the nation. attacks the supreme court. >> of the 1930s. hard right supreme court justices --
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>> we cannot yield to the personal judgment of a few men fearful of the future. -- challenged the overwhelming majority of americans. >> the nra. >> rallies around the blue eagle. >> new deal suffered massive damage from the supreme court. >> killing popular bipartisan laws like no court before. laws meant to save a nation from collapse. >> millions of able and willing americans bewildered. >> $30 billion in stock value vanished. >> grim, bleak, hopeless, and helpless. >> the conservative justices were known as the four horsemen of the apocalypse. >> die-hard conservatives among the supreme court. >> the agriculture act. >> the minimum wage law. >> theirs is the last word. >> and their story carries warnings for today. >> if we would make democracy succeed, we must act now.
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>> it was the beginning of the worst calamity the united states economy had ever known. >> it was the height of the great depression. >> banks closed. millions were put out of work. >> the stock market had plummeted 90%. >> despair. the sense of helplessness, a sense of hopelessness. >> a quarter of the country was unemployed. >> makes his bid to become dictator of america. >> can't happen here, the saying goes, but it seems to be. >> and political extremism was threatening democracy. >> communists became violent, taking advantage of the depression, general unemployment. >> this whole country was in danger of going under. >> it is a call to arms. to restore america to its own people. >> frightened people turns hopefully toward a new national
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need. his campaign promise, a new deal. >> a nation that needed saving. >> the inauguration of franklin delano roosevelt. >> elected franklin delano roosevelt in a landslide. >> this nation is asking for action. >> hoping his activist government policies would rescue the country. >> the only thing we have to fear is fear itself. >> in his first 100 days, he delivered. >> bill after bill pours into congress. >> 15 bills. >> with the most ambitious legislative agenda in history, the new deal. >> we can put people back to work. >> creating vast federal programs to get americans back on their feet. >> you people must have faith. together we cannot fail. >> they were going to try almost everything and anything. to try to get this country sort
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of stood up again and working. and they did. >> but the president had a big problem. the supreme court was killing his laws at a record pace. ten times more often than previous courts. >> vital pieces of new deal legislation are unconstitutional. >> the supreme court of the united states was controlled by a conservative and deep libertarian property protecting majority. >> the court had killed almost any law that tried to regulate the economy. like minimum wage laws. >> half a million children are working as low-paid day laborers. >> even child labor laws. >> foundations of the new deal were rocked. >> in 1935 -- >> in quick succession, the supreme court invalidated law after law. >> -- the court dealt three huge blows to the new deal in one
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day. >> major pieces of legislation passed by an overwhelming majority of congress as the solution to the depression. >> americans were livid with the court. hanging justices in effigy. one justice referred to the great depression as a temporary inconvenience. >> this is a conservative majority that really didn't care about the little guy. >> it's roosevelt again. >> roosevelt takes every state in the union. >> by the largest majority in history. >> in 1936, the nation responded. >> i will faithfully execute -- >> re-elected fdr with more than 60% of the vote. >> we can now march forward, all of us together. >> but the new deal still appeared to be doomed. >> we must take action to save the constitution from the court. >> so roosevelt declared war on the court. >> he tried to enlarge the court with justices of his own
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choosing. >> shocking congress with a bombshell bill. >> opponents denounce it as court packing. >> that would add as many as six new justices chosen by him. >> what he proposed is for every justice who is over age 70 and it ozthe older justices who were causing him so much trouble, he would be able to appoint a new justice. >> i am opposed to packing the court. >> the seizure of unlimited, unchecked power. >> there was bipartisan outrage over the bill. >> this is the road to autocracy. >> even accusations of fascism. >> he horrified a lot of people, some of them calling him a dictator. >> but the president's plan was perfectly constitutional. >> the constitution actually never says that there have to be nine justices. >> the number of justices had changed many times. starting at six in 1789, then
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five, reaching ten at one point, before settling on nine. the court was very weak in the early days of the republic. some of its rulings were openly defi defied. >> predsident andrew jackson after an opinion he didn't like is reputed to say chief justice marshall has made his decision. now let him enforce it. and jackson just ignored the supreme court. >> but over the years the court had gained enormous power. and now it was using that power to block progress, said fdr. >> we have only just begun the fight. >> the president and congress. >> the greatest political sweep in history. >> despite their overwhelming election victory. >> the stock market crash. >> could do virtually nothing to fight the depression. >> from 61% of the american public came a definite answer.
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>> the clash over court packing riveted the nation. >> it is the duty of every citizen to concern himself with this question. >> let's not tamper with it. >> by all means, let us make this change. >> it was the greatest political drama of the era. >> the supreme court captures headlines. >> thousands of letters and telegrams poured into congress from all over the country. >> it was one of the great legislative battles of all times. the majority leader had a heart attack and died in the middle of it. >> i believe the people are entitled to new judges and should have them now. >> fdr's plan seemed almost certain to pass congress. >> great majorities have approved what we're trying to do. >> the court would soon number 15 justices. then suddenly, the supreme court blinked. >> the supreme court upholds the wagner act. >> it completely changed its view in three seismic cases.
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upholding the minimum wage law, an important labor law, and the social security act. >> holding the balance of power at 61, the youngest justice. >> the court's swing vote, justice owen roberts, who had sided with the conservatives, swung over to the liberals. with the new deal laws upheld, court packing seemed unnecessary. >> the senate of the united states gave the most popular president of the 20th century his worst political defeat. >> and was soundly defeated in congress. >> it was a switch by one congress that saved the court from being packed. and observers called that the switch in time that saved nine. >> is there a justice on today's court that could have a similar change of heart? and move the court closer to the views of most americans?
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the supreme court overturning roe v. wade and restricting states' abilities to regulate guns. eroding the barrier between church and state. >> for those shocked by the
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supreme court's last term, court watchers have a piece of advice. strap yourself in. >> it's going to be a very bumpy ride. >> fundamental rights are back on the table. >> more bombshells could be coming. and more rights could disappear. in his concurring opinion overturning roe v. wade, justice clarence thomas signaled his desire to keep going. >> clarence thomas wrote so many other things should be up for grabs. >> he called on the court to reconsider the right to contraception, gay marriage, even same-sex intimacy. liberals may not like it, but there is a certain logic to the thomas argument. like roe, those rights were all based on what previous courts saw as a constitutional right to privacy. strike down that foundation, and
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the other rights fall with it. in a separate concurrence, justice kavanaugh said the court was not opening the door to eliminating other rights. >> he bent over backwards to say this is only about abortion. >> kavanaugh was trying to reassure the american people but thomas' logic is clear, and we know that this court does not mind overturning long established laws and supreme court precedence. >> good example here would be the new york state gun law more than a century old. >> it doesn't end there. >> america's long standing system of governance is under fire. for nearly 100 years, congress has passed sweeping laws empowering federal agencies like the epa, the fda, and others to create rules that keep americans safe. >> agencies have expertise. it's up to the agency to
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interpret ambiguous statutes in the light of the agency's expert knowledge. >> but last term, the supreme court said not so fast. the court struck down a rule from the environmental protection agency aimed at reducing carbon emissions from power plants. the rule could have helped blunt the ravages of global warming. >> united states ravaged by wildfires. >> the worst drought in centuries. >> flooding of biblical proportions. >> if the court keeps ruling in this direction, it could strike down thousands of other regulations created by federal agencies under broad congressional statutes. basic rules that protect consumers, patients, workers could all be upended. congress would have to pass hundreds of new laws to address every possible application of its intentions.
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that will never happen, of course, which hands even more power to the justices. >> the court effectively said to the rest of the political system, we are the last word. we are in charge. >> and then there's the biggest case you have never heard of. >> legal theory headed to the supreme court. >> that worries scholars from across the political spectrum. >> it could literally upend democracy. >> this term, there supreme court will rule on the so-called independent state legislature theory. partisan state legislatures may soon have complete control over federal elections. >> that's dictatorship. that's madness. >> the theory isn't new. it dates back more than 20 y years. to another monumental case. >> nine justices as divided as this nation. >> bush v. gore saw five conservative justices
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essentially hand the presidency over to george w. bush. >> please raise your right hand and repeat after me. >> most of the justices seems unconvinced by the court's own decision. they suggested the opinion was limited just to this one unusual case. even after voting with the majority, justice antonin scalia called the opinion, pardon my language, but i am quoting here, a piece of shit. >> the opinion itself was only cited one time by a supreme court justice. >> that is until 2020. >> we're going to defeat sleepy joe biden. >> as donald trump faced off against biden, republicans began dusting off an obscure argument from the once pariah case, bush v. gore. the independent state legislature theory. chief justice rehnquist claimed the constitution gave state
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legislatures complete control over presidential elections. today, some republicans want that unchecked power over all federal elections. >> to put it very simply, state legislatures can do whatever they want, and state courts, even the state supreme court, has no authority to say what you're doing violates the state constitution. >> and what makes this so poignant is right now in america, most of the state legislatures are controlled by republicans. >> six of rehnquist's fellow justices rejected the theory. but this court has seen four conservatives already voice some support. if the theory stands, election experts predict chaos in any close contest, with legislatures questioning the results and maybe even selecting their own electors. >> imagine it's 2024, the presidential election is so close that it all comes down to one state. let's say pennsylvania.
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>> pennsylvania's voters choose the democrat, but the republican dominated legislature claims fraud and awards the state to their candidate. >> so now the president of the united states is going to be the republican candidate. >> even though they actually lost the election. democrats appeal to the highest court in the land. >> and the supreme court of the united states using the independent state legislatures theory says we don't care that the pennsylvania legislature has violated its own law and violated its own constitution because it's up to the legislature to say how the president is selected. >> the republican enters the white house, the loser becomes the winner. >> that would be a constitutional travesty. >> not everyone agrees the theory can lead to a stolen election. >> federal law prohibits state legislatures from overturning the results of elections. >> the federal government could rein in a runaway state legislature, but who can predict
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what this supreme court would decide? with a supermajority anchored by three of its youngest and most idealogical members, this court does have the chance to rewrite life in america. >> these people will affect our lives, our children's lives, probably our grandchildren's lives. >> as with the last term's abortion decision, the future may rest in the hands of one justice in particular. >> justice kavanaugh, for better or worse, is now the swing justice on all of those basic issues. the question is, what will justice kavanaugh do? >> we won't have to wait long to find out.
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and now for my final thoughts. the power of the first branch of american government, congress, comes from its ability to tax and spend, a formidable strength. the power of the president, the second branch, crucially includes his or her role as commander in chief of the armed forces. the power of the third branch by contrast is simply its symbolic authority. the supreme court cannot enforce any of its own rulings. it relies on the other branches and the public to accept them. that is why the legitimacy of the court is so important. and that is why actions that make the court seem more partisan, more radical, more out of tune with the country are so dangerous.
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the court's approval rating, one rough measure of legitimacy, has been declining for decades. but it went down sharply after bush v. gore. that was a nakedly partisan ruling in which conservatives who had for long championed states rights suddenly discovered that the federal government had a crucial role in the 2000 election. but it was just a highly visible example. the court has been becoming more idealogically predictable, that is politically partisan, in recent years. judges appointed by republicans now almost always rule in ways that republicans want them to. and ditto for judges appointed by democrats. it's all part of the hyperpolarization of american life. but it's also partly because of the strange way that america's highest court is structured. it might surprise you to know that no other major democracy gives members of its highest
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court life tenure. most western countries have fixed terms or mandatory retirement ages. 68 in germany, 75 in britain, 75 in canada. germany gives its constitutional court judges a 12-year term, as do some other democracies. the american system of selection is also extraordinarily political. in many european countries there are panels of experts that play a large role in sending forward nominees or vetting them. the composition of the committees is often designed to be bipartisan and involving legal experts. for example, france's high counsel of the judiciary is mostly made up of elected judges with a few appointed by other bodies. britain has a somewhat similar selection process. and it's rare to reject the advice of these bodies. some european supreme courts are required to rule by consensus rather than majority vote. and they often take pains not to
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air political divisions. in italy, belgium, and france, for example, the high court justices do not publish dissents in order to maintain the court's image of impartiality. the most egregious aspect of the american judicial system is surely the one that is now close to unique. life tenure. it raises the stakes sky high. judges can wield their power longer than most dictators. some stay on the court for decades. clarence thomas, for example, has been on the supreme court for 31 years. and he is still just 74 years old. the prize is to find young judges to perpetuate their rule for as long as possible. for an aspiring judge, idealogical rigidity and lockstep consistency are now the most prized signals to their party that they should get the nod. and a middle-aged, middle of the
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road extremely distinguished idealogically moderate judge, in other words, a judge with perfect judicial temperament, doesn't stand a chance. and of course, there is the uncomfortable question of mental deterioration, which is surely something worth considering when judges could be ruling into their 80s and beyond on highly consequential matters involving new technologies, complex economic systems, and legal theories. the supreme court of the united states has moved in a direction that has weakened its own legitimacy. it might be an occasion to begin a national conversation on what reforms could be put in place to make it less partisan, less divisive, and more trusted by the vast majority of citizens. after all, that is the only way its rulings will be truly accepted in a diverse democracy of 330 million people.
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headed home. millions of americans are traveling today after the long holiday weekend. where weather is causing snags. just


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