tv CNN Newsroom CNN September 21, 2013 7:00pm-8:00pm EDT
time we know about a near nuclear disaster in the u.s. in 1961. the guardian newspaper got ahold of these documents that show two hydrogen bombs fell harmlessly after an air force b-52 bomber. each bomb 260 times more powerful than those on hiroshima. four safety mechanisms and three of them didn't work. it was that close. i'm martin savidge at cnn in atlanta. "prince william's passion" begins right now. a baby is born into royalty. >> a good pair of lungs. >> and into a legacy of caring deeply about the animals and people of africa. >> i think it's got a very special connection. >> in a rare exclusive, prince william's first interview since
the birth of his son, sharing with me, max foster, his thoughts on fatherhood. >> just a very different emotional experience. >> personal memories of africa. >> it felt appropriate getting engaged in africa. >> an africa he hopes will be preserved by a group of selfless, brave, committed individuals. they soar above the earth. they track the animals down below. and sometimes they weep. >> sorry. >> they're fighting for the prince's passion. a new father's battle to save africa's most vulnerable. >> her looks, thankfully. >> no, no. >> it wasn't long ago that the world's most famous new father was just a baby himself.
caught in the glare of the world's spotlight. and as william grew into a boy, the spotlight became more relentless, even as he lived through the death of his mother. small wonder then that as a young man he found peace, not in his own kingdom, but in the furthest corners of africa. >> for me, it's a sense of freedom, being out in the middle of nowhere in africa, just seeing the beauty of nature and the natural world is just phenomenal. it's fantastic. >> when the young prince arrived in africa for the first time, the splendor of an african sunset, the deep quiet of the bush, and the majesty of the animals captured his heart. >> i had no real idea that i
would feel that way. i never realized how much emotionally and sort of mentally it would affect me. it's absolutely magical. i remember seeing an elephant. it was just the most incredible sight. just wow. when you actually get on the ground and see it and feel it and you can put a hand on this thing going up and down as it's breathing is quite something. it's hard to describe in words. >> many of the wild creatures william has come to know and love are fighting for their survival. pursued by poachers and prey for hunters. but now he's waging a fight of his own to save africa's most endangered animals. >> you want to stand up for what is very vulnerable and what needs protecting. >> and those same feelings have become more intense for william since the birth of his son, prince george.
>> i think the last few weeks for me have been just a very different emotional experience. something i never thought i would feel myself. and i find, again it's only been a short period, but a lot of things affect me differently now. >> it's a daunting task when you realize you want to pass on things to your son and things like that and suddenly you start thinking there are things you want to safeguard for the future. i always believed it but to feel it quite well is coming through quite powerfully now. he's got her looks, thankfully. >> fatherhood has given prince william a chance to remind the world that he is his own man. casting aside the normal structures of life as a royal. >> i am reasonably headstrong about what i believe in. >> when you came with the car seat, fathers around the world will be cursing you for doing it so easily. >> it wasn't my first time. i had practiced with that seat.
>> and your decision to drive off. i remember that as well. that was the most nerve-racking thing for me, having my family in my car. >> we grew up differently. i very much feel, if i can do it myself, i want to do it myself. >> that independence is a legacy from his beloved mother, the late diana, princess of wales. william's passion for protecting animals is a memory of what she accomplished, working with africa's most vulnerable children. we showed the prince some film of his mother in africa. >> highlight a problem that's going on all around the world.
>> she would come back with these stories and full of excitement and just passion for what she had been doing. i saw that as a surprise to a boy at the time, taking it all in. i never realized quite how much of an impact she had. you can feel and see when she's talking and visiting that she really connects and cares about what she's doing. i applaud her for all her dedication and her drive in doing that. and it was -- i think that infectious enthusiasm and the energy that she had that really rubbed off on me for causes such as this. >> princess diana sparked in william a love of africa so deep that it became the setting for one of the most important moments of his life. the day he proposed to kate middleton in the remote and romantic setting of mt. kenya. >> it felt appropriate getting engaged in africa. i just knew i wanted to feel comfortable where i did it, and
i wanted it to mean something other than the act of getting engaged and getting married. it really sort of happened on that holiday. >> when the couple began planning their wedding in october 2010, it became clear william was thinking about his mother. >> my mother's engagement ring. >> it's very, very special. >> it's nice because she's not around to share in the fun and excitement and all this, so this is my way of keeping her sort of close to it all. >> i just hope i look after it. it's very, very special. >> she understands what it means to me, being in africa and my love of conservation and things like that. >> william's passion for africa is driven by the realization that unless he and others like him stand up for the wildlife of africa, much of it could be lost forever.
images of what poachers do to the animals are disturbing. but they must be shown. >> seeing a badly injured animal such as a rhino missing its horn, it has come to me to symbolize human greed. >> an estimated 35,000 elephants were killed in africa last year alone. recovering the sinister evidence of illegal poaching has become a routine activity for local wildlife rangers. >> these are some of the snails they have been able to remove. >> the kenyon ranger shows how wildlife is trapped and killed. >> they normally use every type
of snares. these are spiked. they'll be placing them on the elephant parts. you can imagine, though, these spikes getting into an elephant leg. then it is tied to a tree stump and can't move. at times, we get so emotional when we go into the forest, looking at what all this means. it's all dead. two very innocent animals. if you don't join hearts to save these animals, they'll be wiped out. sorry. it's because --
it's because of the love i have for animals. i wish everybody would come join hearts with us to save this wildlife which are so precious to us. >> get me going in a minute. yeah. it's not just a clip of the elephants and the rhinos. it's his passion and his sadness for them that really gets me quite emotional. but they are incredibly vulnerable, and i feel a huge amount of protection and a real protective instinct. more so now probably that i'm a father than i did before, which is why i'm getting quite emotional about it.
i hope people who watch this just spend a few minutes just really thinking about what they have seen and how they feel about it. and if they feel there's anything they can do to help, then please do it. still to come, the duke and duchess of cambridge step out for a glittering evening, honoring the brave men and women who protect the animals william cares so passionately about. and an historic moment in africa when a princess became a queen. i'm beth... and i'm michelle. and we own the paper cottage. it's a stationery and gifts store. anything we purchase for the paper cottage goes on our ink card. so you can manage your business expenses and access them online
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the duke and duchess of cambridge are perhaps the most famous parents on the planet. >> her royal highness was safely delivered of a son at 4:24 local time. >> even in the early hours as a parent, william took control. did you do the first nappy? >> i did the first nappy, actually. >> a badge of honor? >> it was a badge of honor. i wasn't allowed to get away with it. catherine is doing a fantastic job. >> tonight, the duke and duchess will be up late again. but they've left baby george at
home, at kensington palace. this is their first appearance at a formal event since the baby's birth. it's a glamorous occasion. in the planning for months. the first ever tusk conservation awards. and on this landmark evening in london, prince william will honor the brave men and women who are keeping africa's animals alive. the work they do and the majestic beauty of africa itself have been close to prince william's heart since his first visit, not long after the tragic loss of his mother. >> the first time i remember going properly was an easter holiday, and i must have been about 16, 17. it really captured my imagination. >> prince william's passion for africa is something he shared
with his brother, prince harry. it's a sanctuary they can both escape to, be themselves, and just have fun. >> it's really squishy. >> don't point it at me. >> the memories came flooding back for prince william when we showed him film of some of his african adventures. >> such a ham. >> prince william's family ties to africa are deep and go back for generations. >> wildlife in its own natural surroundings provided a magnificent adventure for the royal family as princess elizabeth was thrilled with her first sight of a lion. >> africa holds a poignant place in the queen's heart. it was on a royal tour of kenya
in 1952 that the then princess elizabeth received the sad news that her father, the king, had died. >> when she returned from a night in the forests, it was to learn that she is now the queen. >> both prince william's grandfather and father have visited africa on many occasions and champions wildlife conservation. >> history will not judge us by how much economic growth we achieve in the immediate years ahead but by the legacy we leave for our children, grandchildren, and their grandchildren. >> the legacy part of that, anyway, is quite a daunting one, following my grandfather and father and many other relatives before that, actually, but i think it sort of just happened. i wasn't really aware of it, whether my father had been quietly whispering things in my ear when i was small. in a moment, we'll meet prince william's heroes, men and women who are changing the world and whose courage and sacrifice pushed the prince's emotions to
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awards ceremony marks an important occasion, bringing the world's focus on one of his greatest passions, africa. the prince has been working with tusk, a charity devoted to conservation since 2005. he's now launched the tusk awards to celebrate the extraordinary people fighting to protect africa's beautiful but endangered landscape and animals. during our exclusive interview, prince william watched films of the nominees in action. the first nominee comes from kenya in east africa. world famous for its wildlife. the elephants that roam the foothills of mt. kenya, one of the country's most famous landmarks, are under threat. at the beginning of the 20th century, there were 5 million elephants in africa. today, there are less than 500,000.
poachers kill them for their tusks. selling the ivory to asia, where it's carved into trinkets. in dense forests, the award nominee and his team patrol for poachers. they do this work despite the daily threat of being shot and killed or even being caught in snares set for the elephants. >> to be a candidate, it is because of poaching, because they're missing their tusks. that is grace, she is my wife. with our son. >> i just called upon the lord and asked him for protection because nothing else i can do. >> they might lose me, but, you know -- >> edwin and guys like edwin, they know what they're doing,
and they accept the risks that come with it. as you can see from him, he loves being with his animals. and for him, it's not just a job. it's a real calling. >> to date, edwin and his anti-poaching team have been able to arrest over 100 poachers around mt. kenya. >> i'm just so grateful there are people like him out there doing that job. >> the next nominee for the tusk award comes from madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, with its most unique ecosystem. this is the guardian angel of the crown lemur, one of madagascar's most iconic species. >> these lemurs are critically endangered. >> there are just 2,000 now scattered across the island.
like edwin, jacia's desire to make a difference means great personal sacrifice. with long periods away from her family, including her 2-year-old son. >> it's hard for me, but i guess it's even harder for him. >> to reach and save the lemurs, she has to travel hundreds of miles across difficult terrain on roads plagued by bandits. for her own safety, she has to be accompanied by armed policemen. she does all this while being paid nothing. she's a volunteer. the extensive travel is necessary because a staggering 90% of madagascar's forests are already gone, slashed and burned for farming. this has left lemurs stranded in forest fragments like this, where she searches in a bid to find them.
>> i'm so happy. i found them. >> jacia is saving these lemurs from extinction by relocating them to a protected site she's established. it's here at her sanctuary where rescued lemurs are set free in the hope of not just surviving but multiplying. this mother has just given birth for the first time at the protected site. >> we can bring this back from the brink. as long as i can put my voice and my support behind people like that, those are the guys, those are the girls who will inspire the next generation. not me, it's them.
>> the next nominee works with one of nature's most unloved species in south africa's northern mountains. carey's vultures soar amongst birds that have a tarnished image but are vital to the ecosystem. >> vultures are our natural garbage collectors. they do prevent diseases. carey has become their protector. >> it's been an absolute passion to make a difference and work in conservation with animals. >> and there happened to be a vacancy working with vultures. >> i still say to this day it's a specie that chose me, i didn't choose them. i mean, who would choose vultures. >> i like to comment about the fact she didn't choose the
species, they must have chosen her. that's brilliant. >> the vulture is already extinct in neighboring namibia and coming closer to extinction in south africa by the day. >> power line explosions and electrocutions are devastating to the vulture species. >> to supplement the dwindling species, they started a breeding program on an artificial cliff. this year's first vulture chick has just hatched. >> basically, i'm the surrogate mom. >> since 2007, carey and walter have successfully released more than 200 vultures, most of which have survived. >> giving any species back its freedom is quite unique. something probably each of us would like to feel, complete
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i regularly daydream. africa is one of the places i go to. for instance, i've got hundreds of animals on my iphone. so if i'm at home after a quite stressful day, you can put a buffalo on in the background or a cricket or something like that, and it takes you back into the bush. and it does completely settle you down. >> prince william jokes about re-creating the sights and sounds of africa in his son's nursery. >> i'll have toy elephants around the room, cover it in sort of lots of bushes, and make him grow up as if he's in the
bush. >> his love of africa has inspired him to establish the tusk awards to celebrate the commitment of conservation workers. >> i just want them to feel proud and acknowledged in their field. >> the fourth nominee is based on the indian ocean island of madagascar, home to one of the biggest and most important coral reefs in the world. marine biologist alastaire harris first came here on a college funded expedition. >> so much of what we see here is disappearing in front of our eyes. >> when he first did a survey of the reef as part of his studies, he realized that overfishing and climate change were slowly killing it and threatening the survival of the local people. >> conservation here for these people, it's about the bottom line. it's about a future for their kids.
>> alastaire's breakthrough came when he persuaded just one village to close a small area of the reef to fishing for six months. when it's reopened, he encouraged them to use only sustainable fishing techniques for catching their main target, octopus, their single most important source of income. the results were staggering. >> people before the closure were catching up to weight of 300 grams. after closure, they're catching weight up to 7 kilos. there's a real pulse of revenue coming into these villages. >> today, the reef is teeming with life again, and the project has gone viral. >> hundreds of kilometers of this coastline. villages are working together to manage their fisheries and stocks. some of these protected areas are the largest in the indian ocean. >> alastaire has turned up a
massive difference. not just to the reefs and the fish and the aquatic ecosystem, but obviously for all the locals. >> tonight's final nominee comes from a remote and rugged region of northern kenya. close to the border with war-torn somalia, the wild frontier of africa. cattle rustling and banditry amongst rival tribes is rife here. the absence of police and easy availability of cheap weapons takes its toll. not only on people but also on wildlife. poaching is widespread. but one man, tom lalampa, is trying to bring peace to this troubled land. >> you have to focus on the warrior class, because the ones
who get involved in this are in the north. >> for nine years, tom has come face-to-face with tribe after tribe, trying to convince each that peace will be more profitable than war. tom's work has brought stability to the many different communities in the region. his powers of persuasion are such that former combatants like this men now sit together in the shade of a tree. >> we were enemies to each other, killing each other, looting animals from each other, but now we are friends. >> it's easy for me to sit here and say conservation this, conservation that. but if you don't have the local community on board and don't understand their wishes and needs, you can't implement anything in an area like this. >> looks like there's some young bulls here and some female here.
i have counted about 13 so far. >> for tom, the key to protecting wildlife lies in working with people first. already, he's recruited over 200,000 to the cause of peace and conservation. >> it's a process. you start with a peace building, you make them peace ambassadors. >> what an amazing, you know, feat to achieve that. because the cultural, the social, all the difficulties he must have come across to do that. it's quite astounding. and he deserves a huge, you know, so much praise for that. still to come, the guests of honor meet prince william. and bringing the black rhino back from the edge of extinction. >> got the visual. [ male announcer ] pepcid® presents: the burns family bbq. guys, you took tums® a couple hours ago.
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everything. >> baby george is hopefully sleeping as the duke and duchess meet the nominees for the very first time. >> it's a real honor to be among such extraordinary company. >> we do the fancy dinners. you do the hard work. keep up the good work. >> i'm just learning all of this, and i think george will be, too. he'll be following in his father's footsteps also. >> before everyone heads through to the awards presentation, there's one very special person that prince william is particularly keen to meet. >> you have been an absolute inspiration. >> clive stockhill has fought a lifelong battle to save the black rhino in zimbabwe. >> our biggest challenge is for man to be able to live in harmony with those animals.
>> but those animals are being subject to a merciless campaign of poaching, driven by demand from asia. rhino horn is now worth more than gold. >> for the local africans, for them not to have the jewel in their crown, which is the rhinos, the elephants, the big five, the real heart, if you like, of the country. i think that's very sad. >> by the end of the 20th century, the black rhino population had crashed by 95%. and they were close to extinction. >> this is an international, global problem that needs to be faced. it's hard to put into words the depth of sadness that i would feel if they went extinct. >> copy. got the visual. we're on our way. >> in 1990, clive turned his own ranch into a rhino reserve, and persuaded his neighboring ranchers to join him in forming
the biggest, private conservatory in africa. today, they're tracking a mother and her 1-year-old calf. onboard the helicopter is a veterinarian armed with a tranquilizer gun. it's vital in the war against the poachers that the new young are identified and tagged. >> here's one. >> every single rhino in zimbabwe has an individual number. >> the vet administers a drug to reverse the effect of the tranquilizer. >> we are good to go. >> happily, this mother and calf are now reunited. clive's dogged determination to protect these endangered animals has proved a great success.
from an initial population of just 20 rhino, he's built it up to 143 and counting. over the past 20 years, clive has also made it his mission to save one of zimbabwe's last true wildernesses. >> when you see something as beautiful as this, it's like when god made this world. he created the garden of eden. and when he took it away, he left a bit, and this is it.
>> to protect this paradise, clive has had to insure that there's a sustainable income. >> only through tourism that we are going to be able to continue to look after those areas. because if there's no income, those areas will make way to other forms of land use. and one thing is for sure. once it's gone, it will never come back. it will be gone for good. >> as clive said, you know, tourism is so key. and ecotourism in this particular area is the only way of keeping animals like the rhino and elephants and equally communities having a source of food and having a way to grow their crops and live alongside is the only sustainable way. >> clive built a luxury tourist lodge in partnership with the
local people who now run it and share in the profits. at the lodge, prince william enlisted the help of a special and long-serving member of the team. thomas has worked his way up from waiter to chief tour guide. but today, he's working by royal appointment. >> a letter for you. >> hi, thomas. thanks. >> dear clive. i'm delighted to inform you, you have been selected by an independent panel of judges to receive the first prince william award for conservation in africa in recognition of your outstanding lifetime contribution to wildlife conservation and communities in zimbabwe. >> my goodness. amazing. fantastic. really consider it a great, great honor.
it's just fantastic. thank you. >> look at me bluffing in a minute. i see he had a little bit of me in him. it's kind of -- it's the passion and the commitment he's given, >> i never expected that. i never expected that. coming up, the announcement of the runner up and the winner of the tusk conservation award. >> i'm thrilled to announce that the winner -- copd makes it hard to breathe... but with advair, i'm breathing better. so now i can help make this a great block party.
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present the awards. >> finally, the moment he's been looking forward to. a chance for prince william to honor the most important work being done to save africa's animals. but first, he reflects on why conservation means so much to him and his young family. >> it is a genuine pleasure for catherine and me to be here tonight at the tusk awards for conservation in africa. it is a cause that has never been closer to our hearts than it is right now. as you might have gathered, catherine and i have recently become proud parents of a baby who has a voice to match any lion's roar. this is actually our first evening out without him, so please excuse us if you see us nervously casting cheeky glances at our cell phones to check all is well back home. >> but here in the room, it's time to announce the runner-up.
>> i'm delighted to announce the recipient of the judges' highly commended prize is alastaire harris. >> alastaire harris has transformed the lives of thousands of people who fished the seas along madagascar's endangered coral reef. >> now we turn to the winner. >> i'm thrilled to announce for the winner is tom lalapama.
>> tom is a peace maker, a man who's brought together warring tribes in order to end the suffering of innocent animals. and lastly, a special award for a man doing some of the most important work in the natural world. >> it is my very great pleasure to announce clive stockhill as the winner of the 2013 prince william award for conservation in africa. >> clive stockhill has fought tirelessly to save the black rhino from extinction. for 40 years, the animal has been his obsession. >> here's one.
>> needless to say, i'm a little bit out of my environment. when i received your letter informing me of the judges' decision, i was humbled, encouraged, and excited. that you are committed to protecting some of this planet's most valuable assets. >> it is unfathomable to imagine a world in which children who have been born in the past couple months may grow up in a world in which rhinoceros have ceased to exist in the wild. i sincerely hope tonight will not leave you depressed as we
have an immense amount of hope. the hope exists in the amount of people tonight receiving their awards. have a very good night. >> none of the nominees went home empty-handed, they were all given grants to further their projects. it's an important night for them, but it's also an important night for prince william. one that marks a renewed commitment to africa. after more than seven years of military service, he's leaving the royal air force to focus for now on his official duties and expand his work in conservation. >> i'm so pleased and proud to have those guys amongst the tusk umbrella, and if just a little bit of what they have done could rub off and inspire another young conservationist for the future, i think the award's a succes