tv National Security Adviser Susan Rice on President Obamas Trip to Cuba CSPAN March 19, 2016 7:22am-8:01am EDT
term. at 10:00 p.m. on will america, in september 1963, 2 months prior to his death president kennedy, across united states to promote conservation of natural resources for future generations. sunday morning at 10:00 a.m., on road to the right-- white house rewind, a 1984 democratic debate in atlanta and clues former vice president for mondale, senators gary hart of colorado and johnny glen of ohio, former presidential nominee george mcgovern and reverend jesse jackson. for that complete american history tv weekend schedule go to c-span.org. >> president obama travels to cuba this weekend. it will be the first visit by a sitting us president and nearly 90 years. white house national security adviser susan rice provided a preview of the trip while speaking at the atlantic council about us foreign policy in central and south america. this is 35 minutes.
the half of adrian artist, the founder of latin america center, peter schecter, the director of the center and capricious marshall, the advancer and residents. i'm delighted to welcome you to this very special engagement and address by ambassador susan rice on the administration approach to western hemisphere. ambassador rice, we are immensely honored to be hosting you hear at this historic moment. the one thing i always have to say at events like this on the record we encourage you to join the conversation in twitter with #susan rice at nec. we are-- least important thing you will hear today. we are also grateful to our partners in producing this event. thank you to the institution. my friends drove--
[inaudible] >> represented by michael schaffner, the president and woodrow wilson international center scholars and my friend jane harman. thank you for collaborating with us to bring this to fruition. i also want to extend a special welcome to members of the atlantic council board of directors and esteemed ambassadors joining us in the audience is afternoon. ambassador rice, thank you for taking the time. we considered a privilege to host you. not only because of your key role in shaping the president's foreign-policy agenda, but also because of your tireless steadfast commitment to promoting constructive leadership and international engagement across the globe. since becoming a president obama security buzzer in 2013, you have been at the helm of a second term administration foreign policy that has significant achievements , which are included us cuba
opening, brokering multilateral deal with iran, successful conclusion of the tp agreement. we have had a role with atlantic council and all of these issues. previously as us representative to the united nations you are a powerful voice in advancing us interest at the security council and furthering our countries commitment to diplomatic solutions where you help when the stiff this un sanctions ever against iran and north korea and brokered life-saving interventions in libya. these positions in addition to the host of others you have held at the state department and national security council and elsewhere are emblematic of a lifetime dedicated to security and prosperity at home and abroad. your remarks come days ahead of president obama's trip to cuba and argentina next monday, the first time in over 80 years that a sitting us president will visit cuba. this is a historic
turning point for the united states relations with cuba. and with latin america broadly, so we are especially pleased to hear from you today on the administration's priorities for the western hemisphere. echoing the spirits passion of our latin america center, i wish to enter's-- stress that we see the president's trip usually significant, not just within the message about the relationship with cuba symbolic of the advances of the united states have made in engaging latin america during the obama administration. in the past decade latin america has been a region transformed. our center has worked to examine what those transformations mean for the hemisphere moving forward. with a 70 million people entering the middle class in the region's status as one of our fastest growing trade partners, latin america holds huge promise. the obama administration has fully recognize the scenario with achievements such as concluding tpp which includes three latin
american nations, support for ending the conflict in colombia and initiatives to improve security in central america present obama has woven a clear narrative, most notably he is improved our with all latin america by restarting the us cuba relationship. and making continuous progress between the two countries. these issues are at the heart of the work of the center from our february 2014 poll on evolving us attitudes towards cuba to our recent work on reintegrating cuba into global financial institutions such as the inter-american development and to our policy brief this month about the outlook for argentine energy sector. our centers narrative is optimistic because we believe that the us is poised to engage in further on the vital political and economic connections that will continue to advance prosperity and hemisphere. with that, i would like to welcome to the stage
ambassador susan rice. [applause]. >> could evening, everyone. thank you, friend, for that generous reduction. , and to think peter as well for the great work you're doing here. adrian, for your generosity in making this all possible and governor huntsman, it's always a great honor to be with you. i wanted to think the organizations that fred just named the help put this event together and to everyone of you who are joining us here tonight. i want to particularly salutes our college from the diplomatic corps who embody the closing growing ties between our countries. i am glad to be back at the atlantic council and especially at the latin america center. what better way to celebrate st. patrick's day and to give a speech on the americas. [laughter]
>> disorganization focuses on the new latin america. a want to come here because 2016 is an especially significant, perhaps historic year for the region. our hemisphere and the relationship between the united states and our partners across the americas is at a transformational moment. president obama and all of us throughout his administration intend to make the most of it. so, today i want to discuss this moment, the approach that got us here and how we plan to seize this opportunity during president obama's upcoming trip to cuba and argentina and for the remainder of his administration. i know some folks in latin america like to give really rather long speeches. but, i will do my best to keep this under eight hours.
[laughter] >> there is no denying latin america faces serious challenges, too many people still live in poverty. too many voices still are silenced. too many communities are still wracked by violence. but, what president obama said in santiago five years ago is even more true today. this is, he said, a region on the move. proud of its progress and ready to assume a greater role in world affairs. we see the new latin america in its political transformation thanks to the determination sacrifice of citizens and activists, today almost all people across the hemisphere live in democracy. increasingly robust civil societies are demanding greater accountability of their leaders.
over the past two years, governments that were hostile towards the united states have given way to one's that are more open to partnership. we see the new latin america in the way the region initially bounced back with global financial crisis. today, we are witnessing a next wave of challenges from slower growth, weaker commodity prices to strains on the middle class. but, we are also seen countries recognizing the need to become more resilient by reforming and diversified their economies. thanks to stronger business climates and greater openness to investment many countries are better positioned than before to rebound from economic shock. in a number of places, we must do more to preserve and build on the progress we have made, including lifting millions of people out of poverty over the last two decades. and the united states
stands ready to work with our partners to meet these challenges. and that is because this transformation has been mirrored by change in the united states approach to the region. before president obama took office our bilateral relationship was often strained. the united states standing in latin america suffered. suspicion of our motives was high and anti- american voices were loud. if you had asked him about neighbors about the yankees, you would have gotten roughly the same answer you would get from a red sox fan. [laughter] >> today, the american flag flies over our reopened in the scene cuba. more americans are visiting cuba than at any time in the last 50 years. more american companies are looking to invest in
new business in cuba. as we normalize relations, we have just announced regulatory reforms that will make it easier for americans to travel to cuba and engage with the cuban people. yesterday marked the first direct mail delivery flight between our countries in 53 years. today, columbia is experiencing historic change. as president obama noted during president santos is visit last month. thanks to the courage and determination of the columbia people and with bipartisan support here for planned columbia, club you today is more stable, secure and prosperous than it has been for decades. as we speak, columbia and the support of our special envoy bernie aronson are working to end have a century of civil war. here in north america, mexico has a shown how a
country can grow when it's company successfully integrate into the regional and global economy. the mexican government is implementing key energy reforms and it's an important partner in combating climate change. as evidenced by last week's official visit by prime minister trudeau, the united states and canada are more closely aligned and we have been in years. again, we are addressing the challenge of climate change, where our countries are now fully united. being married to a canadian, i can report that the relationship tween or countries is truly an enduring partnership of equals, even if certain busy americans don't always do their fair share of the housework. so, ladies and gentlemen , this is a seminal moment. how did we get here cracks will of this
remarkable transformation is first and foremost a tribute to the hard work and sacrifice of millions of people across the hemisphere. nations and made difficult decisions to reform, especially economically, some shouldered and still shoulder the burden of securing their communities against cartels and insurgents. by, as as our friends know it takes two to tango. during the 2008 campaign then senator obama promised a new approach. guided by what he called the simple principle that what's good for the people of the americas is a good for the united states. and we have worked hard to deliver on that vision. starting with the 2009 summit of the americas, president obama called for a new era of cooperation and equal
partnership based on mutual interests, mutual respect and shared values. on issue after issue, we have worked constructively to build a new consensus within the region, not one devise in washington, but in dialogue across the hemisphere. we have resisted falling into the traps of history and ideology that often stymied progress. president obama was very clear from the outset that he won't be bound by battles waged in many cases before he was even born. so, at that first summit of the americas when a certain leaders tried to revise the insult contest the two often characterized our relationship, we just refused to take the bait and it recognized the old debate between state run companies and unchecked free markets, between the abuses of left-wing insurgents and
white green paramilitary for what they were. they are false dichotomies that don't reflect the reality of today. this may seem simple, but it was actually quite novel. after that first summit in trinidad and tobago the "new york times" reported and i'm quoting: leaders left here almost shellshocked by the lack of attention at this year's gathering. today, the united states is more deeply engaged in latin america and we have been in decades. in fact, the relationships between the united states and countries across the hemisphere are arguably as good as they have ever been. given our ties of trade, culture and family, our neighbors have never been more important to the prosperity and security of the united states.
president obama's visit to latin america next week will build on this progress. on sunday, air force one will depart andrews air force base in route to havana, cuba. no national security advisor has ever said that before. [laughter] >> as fred said, no us president has traveled to cuba since calvin coolidge came on a battleship 88 years ago. in havana, president obama will meet with president castro to discuss how he can continue to normalize relations between our governments and increase contacts between our peoples. as he did when they met in panama last year, president obama will speak candidly about areas where we disagree
with the cuban government. the two girly, human rights. as a president obama has repeatedly said, we know that change will not come to cuba overnight. but, the old approach of trying to isolate cuba, for more than 50 years clearly did not work. we believe that engagement, including greater trade, travel and ties between americans and cubans is the best way to help create opportunity and spur progress to the cuban people. and that's why as part of his visit the president will meet with civil society leaders including human rights activists who give voice to the aspirations of the cuban people. he will meet with cuban arch from a variety of sectors to discuss what we can do to help them start and grow the business is. president obama will speak directly to the
cuban people. he will attend a major league baseball exhibition game between the cuban national team and the tampa bay rays. another reminder of the ties we can strengthen between our peoples. on a tuesday, president obama will travel to argentina, another visit that might have seemed unlikely not long ago. we have been impressed that many of the reforms that the president has initiated and we believe that argentina can be a strong global partner on a range of issues from counter narcotics to climate change. secretary of trade miguel braun recently told us form that argentina is open for business. and we are keen to expand our economic relationship. we expect that president obama will announce a number of new partnerships including the effort to combat crime, drug trafficking, promote sustainable
energy development and fight climate change. as he has throughout the region, the president will hold a town hall with young argentinians who are essential to argentina's glowing world. the president's visit to argentina falls as you know on the 40th anniversary of the 1976 military coup. to stress our shared commitment to human rights the president will visit the memorial to honor the victims of argentina's dirty war. in addition, to the more than 4000 documents that the united states has already released from that dark period, president obama at the request of the argentine government will announce a comprehensive effort to declassify additional documents including for the first time military and intelligence
records. on this anniversary-- on this anniversary and beyond we are determined to do our part as argentina continues to heal and move forward as one nation. so, we believe this trip will be a historic and powerful demonstration of our nation's new approach to latin america. on approach that will guide us for the remainder of the obama administration. so, allow me now to concentrate on three areas where we believe the united states and our partners across the hemisphere can make further progress. first, we continue working to expand prosperity and opportunity for all our people and we have a strong foundation to build on. since president obama
took office we have boosted us exports to latin america by more than 40%. we encourage pacific alliance countries chile, colombia, mexico and peru to continue their impressive progress in reducing trade barriers and integrate in financial and with the trans- pacific partnership we are deep in our trade with canada, chile, mexico and peru. this is a good deal with strong labor and environmental standards and we are committed to working with congress to ratify it. few areas offer more promise for economic cooperation then clean energy. from canada to the caribbean our hemisphere is especially vulnerable to climate change, which is why we are working to implement the historic paris climate agreement as quickly as possible.
we also have unique strength when it comes to clean energy, which we are harnessing through our energy and climate partnership of the americas. brazil has been a leader in biofuels. chile is developing the-- sources. haiti after the devastating earthquake that the largest solar power hospital in the world. in may, vice president biden will host our central american and caribbean partners to discuss how he can do even more together to power our communities and protect our planet. as we strive to meet today's pressing economic challenges, we are making economies more inclusive with new opportunities for business people, farmers and the small and medium-sized businesses that employ over half the hemisphere's workforce. with the small business network of the americas will help incubate more ideas, advise more
aspiring business people and connect them to new opportunities. over the next three years are women's ingénue heirship in the americas program is on track to help 100,000 women overcome barriers to starting a business and through that presidents bede the future initiative we are supporting more than 113,000 and latin american and caribbean farmers to emerge from poverty. we are also going to continue to keep investing and giving young people the skills and the training to succeed in the global economy. through the president young leaders of the americas initiative, we are helping entrepreneur and activist connect, collaborate and move forward. our 100,000 strong in the americas program aims to enable 100,000 us youth to study in
latin america and 100,000 latin america students to study in the united states 2020. over the past five years we have seen more than a 10% increase in students participating in these vital cross-cultural exchanges and will announce an expansion of the program next week. second, we can't have economic growth without security. in too many places gangs and narcotraffickers still brutally target civilians, law-enforcement and journalists. the frontlines of this this fight are in central america in the northern triangle-- title of guatemala el salvador and honduras. vice president recently hosted to deepen our-- along with our partners we are confronting this challenge by providing law enforcement with equipment, training and technology they need to protect communities while also respecting
human rights. we are improving coordination between countries, cracking down on the flow of guns across our southern border and squeezing cartel finance. here at home, we are working to reduce demand for drugs and reaching out to at risk youth before they turn to narcotics and crime. we saw the human toll of central america's violence in the summer of 2014, when more than 68000 unaccompanied fearful children arrived at our southern border. to address this ongoing humanitarian crisis, we are taking steps to deter future unauthorized migration and to mitigate the poverty that drives the underlying security concerns. working with congress, we have tripled our aid
to central america, investing $750 million to help develop regional economies. at the same time central american governments had committed their own resources to reduce corruption, improve governance, lower crime and violence and create jobs. that is the kind of mutual effort this crisis demands. meanwhile, colombia is on the brink of the peace. under the framework that president obama and president santos announced, the united states will provide more than $450 million to help reinforce security gains, advance justice for victims and extend opportunity in the rule of law in two areas them for decades. we are grateful to the cuban government for hosting the peace talks and we remain hopeful that on and to this conflict will mark the beginning of a new chapter of progress for columbia and the regents.
more broadly, we are stepping up our cooperation with regional partners to confront other shared security threats, including disease such as the zika virus. along with brazil and colombia, we are researching how to mitigate the viruses affects. the united states and canada will deploy public-health experts to country space bar outbreaks of the zika virus or similar disease. this work will also help to enhance public health and scientific capabilities in the americas and strengthen our ability to combat other mosquito borne diseases like daily and through our global health security agenda we will support partners across a region to better prevent, detect and respond to infectious disease threats before they become epidemics. finally, the united states will continue to stand strongly for
democracy and human rights. this is and always will be central to our four-- foreign policy, not only in the americas, of course, but around the world. that means free and fair elections, free press, robust civil society and independent judiciary. its means government that is transparent and accountable to the people. it means respecting the universal human rights and dignity of every man, woman and child. including the descendents of indigenous people and immigrants alike. the matter what they look like, no matter what their gender, no matter whom they love. our unwavering commitment to democracy and human rights will be playing when the president visits cuba. last week i met with representatives from civil society and human
rights organizations, journalists, clergy and young people, some shared stories of living in cuba, others spoke of aspirations of their family and friends who remain there. it was powerful and at times emotional. i assured them that human rights will indeed be a key part of our agenda in cuba. and that this administration, not the cuban government will determine which civil society leaders that president meets with. the message president obama will deliver, privately and publicly is simple. we believe the cuban people, like people everywhere, are best served by genuine democracy. when they are free to choose their leaders, express their ideas and practice their faith. for the united states will keep championing the human rights of all people everywhere,
including in cuba. in venezuela, we were heartened that the recent legislative elections were well administers and relatively peaceful and the results were initially respected. but, we remain deeply concerned by the marvel is it-- marginalization of the legislature and the jailing of the centers. we aim to see a dialogue between the government and the opposition, so they can work to address the country's pressing needs, especially if very serious economic challenges. across the americas, the united states will continue to support building those durable, accountable institutions upon which democracy grows and basic services depend. chile is reforming its lobbying laws. mexico is strengthening its judiciary, paraguay now hosts-- excuse me, now posts all government
salaries online. across brazil, citizens are raising their voices on the half of the principles that are at the core of the democratic and just societies, including rule of law, due process and accountability. to navigate this challenging moments, brazilians must rely on the strength of their democratic institutions and their resilience as a people. throughout the region, through the open government partnership we will keep promoting transparency and good governance and as we help haiti to rebuild we are urging patience to hold elections soon, so that a representative government can meet the needs of its people. this is the vision that is guided president obama for the past seven years. partnerships rooted in mutual interest and
mutual respect, collaborations committed to expanding prosperity and opportunity, promoting our shared security and upholding democratic values and human rights. that's the vision the president will carry forward next week. in habana, buenos aires, we will be reminded that even more than our common interests, the peoples of the knot-- america are united, nearly 1 billion strong by shared values. we work together, study together and protect our communities together. we see this most clearly in the 55 million hispanic americans who enrich and strengthen our nation, a major reason why we must continue working for a fair and functioning immigration system. from alaska, to tear a
disk wego we are bound together by common hopes, by her dreams or better for all of our children, a future where our sons and daughters to go to school without fearing the balance of drug traffickers. where young entrepreneur or farmer can have a shot at success. where he diss it didn't can stand up and speak out free from persecution. this is our doing vision. this is our solemn commitment. as we seize this moment of pride as promised to the americas, this is the future we aim to forge together. thank you all very much. [applause]. [applause]. [applause].
[inaudible conversations] [inaudible conversations] stick this weekend the c-span city tour hosted by our charter communication cable partner takes you to month, for the city's history of literary culture. on book tv. >> we show you a house that was the turning point for scott and zelda. when they moved here, the idea was to regroup. with this house was with a landing pad, a regrouping as i have said stage and it wasn't the sort of the place where you are going to find scott and zelda engaging in domestic activities, if you will. it was the sort of place where they were going to
be planning their next move sooner on american history tv. >> so, what happens in the 1958 campaign is wallace really does try to reach of this racial moderate and really tries to campaign for the poor and working class. with the support of the naacp in its initial campaign, but unfortunately he loses by a pretty significant margin to john patterson and he completely is devastated by this loss. wallace, all he wants to be is governor and he's really upset by this loss and he considers it a feeling and if so when people ask him what to do take away from the 1958 campaign is, he says, i try to talk about progressive improvement and good roads and good schools and no one will listen, but when i started talking about segregation everyone stopped and started listening to me. >> watches c-span city