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tv   Public Affairs Events  CSPAN  December 15, 2016 8:37pm-9:58pm EST

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tell us about your studentcam documentary. >> my partner and i produced a documentary covered the issues of homeless veterans. these are people who have given to their country and the fact that they are now living on the streets.having family or anyone who carried was not okay. we decided we were going to talk about this issue within our community and we decided to make a c-span documentary about it. i encourage all students in high school and students in middle schoolers to use this platform to speak their voice, to raise their voice, to say that your generation deserves to be heard in the government and if there is a better place to speak these issues this is it. my advice for the students who are on the fence in starting this documentary is to really
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look into the community and see what is affecting those who are around you because they are the ones who you see the most. they are the ones you see almost every day. if there is an issue that you see happening every day on the street, that's probably where you can start and be a part of the documentary because you will want to be a voice for your community. >> thank you ashley for all of your voice for tips on studentcam and if you want more information on our studentcam. contest go to our web site studentcam today secretary of state john kerry gave an update on aleppo syria where an evacuation is underway made possible by an agreement between russia and turkey on opposite sides of the conflict. this is 15 minutes.
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>> hello everybody. i just wanted to bring you all up to date on what we have been trying to do with respect to the tragic situation in syria and obviously mostly focus or especially on aleppo. i don't think i have to elaborate but i'm going to certainly focus on the anger and anguish that everybody feels or most people feel about the continued relentless and inexcusable attacks that have been directed at the civilian population and aleppo including women, children, humanitarian workers and medical personnel. there is absolutely no justification whatsoever for the indiscriminate and savage brutality in civilian shown by
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the regime and by its russian and iranian allies over the past few weeks or indeed for the past five years. the position of united states remains clear and i am personally reiterating that decision. in conversations over the past weeks and especially over the past 24 hours, the u.n. special envoys and in paris right now meeting with senior officials from russia, qatar, turkey egypt saudi arabia and other countries in the region. what the united states is working towards and has been working towards for some period of time now under difficult circumstances where some parties did not want to move in that direction remains very difficult to secure. obviously a cease-fire but what we want and aleppo right now which is the precursor to any
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ability to move to other things is an immediate and verifiable, durable cessation of hostilities and that includes all attacks by the regime, its allies and other combatants and aleppo, all combatants and aleppo and we have been working hard on it. we worked on that in my meetings with mr. lavrov where we reached some measure but raymond. in fact considerable measure of agreement but were able to secure every component of what was needed in order to move forward. we want safe passage, core doors of evacuations which we are beginning today to see perhaps take shape but we want to see those for both civilians and fighters who choose to evacuate the city. we want full access for the delivery of humanitarian
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supplies for people in need throughout syria and with these steps we are convinced that killing and the suffering in syria could stop and could stop very quickly. russia and the regime made the decision to do so. this morning i was encouraged by reports that after a number of fits and starts and what we worked on in paris and got picked up on a continued in conversations which by the way were performed by russian turkey and are going to take place to build some of the talk about using the same template that we created, there are individual cease-fire is being worked out an individual arrangements with armed commanders and it appears for some period of time at lease and we don't know yet if it will hold their word is that airstrikes and shelling have
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stopped and the cease-fire day, and i emphasize may be taking hold. buses some of them in convoys are beginning to move. my understanding is the first group of 21 buses and 19 ambulances reached the checkpoint. this convoy includes more than 1000 people who are on their way to the turkish border. however, and this is a big however, we also heard reports that a convoy of injured people was fired on by forces from the regime or its allies. we remain deeply concerned as well that we are hearing representative ports of syrian men between the ages of 18 and 40 who have apparently been detained or conscripted in the military service trying to pass their government checkpoints and that some of these actually went missing days or even weeks ago
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and we still don't have, families don't have their loved ones, don't have accountability of what has happened to them. obviously these actions are despicable and they are contrary to the laws of war. it's a basic human decency. now more positively we have finally received pledges from russia that it will assist in the monitoring of evacuations that the international red cross and the syrian arab crescent will also be allowed actions in order to be able to try to help with the monitoring. the u.n. is prepared to receive evacuees in numerous sites and emergency relief kits have been pre-position to try to help you. ..
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>> >> believe will be trying every way we can to push this where it needs me provided more than $6 million of food water medicine and other supplies. let me be clear.
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club has happened already is unconscionable but there are tens of thousands of lives that now concentrated in the very small area up. the last thing anybody wants to see in the world will be watching is that small area is hit is imperative that key actors step up to do their part i call on the entire community to exert pressure to go forward with that process laid out for some period of time fifth to abide then did bring the killing and cruelties starting with aleppo l.a.'s the groundwork to take the next ups' particularly in
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aleppo we have been engaged over the extended period of time and all of the talks have been geared and toward and the us civil war in syria. after months of very tough one negotiations the prime minister and i could stand up to make an announcement in geneva we've reached an agreement september 9 and that had a certain number of days to indicate the seriousness of purpose and then to move forward. regrettably for a number of different reasons of syrian troops that were accidentally bombed and those that was purposely e destroyed if his fellow part
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and everybody feels the pain of the of lost opportunity. is that to process has not succeeded me kept the the continued constant unwillingness of the saudi regime to look by those agreements. kent with the willingness to go to geneva with one statement after another.
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and to be part of the of legitimate process and that's in business kept going. that does not end the war. in the challenge of of of reuniting the country to rebuild the country. for those policies being executed today. provided we can stabilize the situation and aleppo it
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is essentially move for debt nearly as possible moment with a political process aimed at ending the of war. without that meaningful transition of power the opposition will continue to fight. and then they are forced to flee their hall of so every single party i have spoken to in paris, washington cut this morning, every state coulter tells me they're ready and willing to get back of the path to geneva including the legitimate syrian opposition, but the turkey, the arab states, the only question is if the
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syrian regime but is prepared to negotiate constructively if they are willing to stop the slaughter of their own people. and what you will continue to see in syria and the of the shipping to have the as side regime to aid and abet and then a assad regime is carrying out nothing short of a massacre. something purposeful.
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so we believe this is a moment where the syrian and she and one so to have that opportunity to make the decision and the strategic decision for peace for those hostilities every minister i have talked to has said we are cease-fire countrywide. and in addition to that. and the readiness to go to geneva. that is the only way that anybody with common sense or strategic visions is to end
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the war. to take those negotiations. and now with the exception and to negotiate in good faith to bring syria back together. deal new way to make progress one of the united mp's falls area of resolution to a 254 less well as those statements so hopefully people will point actions with where their words have been. >> do you think the
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illustration should have come out? i will not start making comments that at this point. i will not comment on anonymous reports with the official said have not then identified, i just will not comment on that. but with your question earlier, of we sat in the situation room and the president made the decision based on the input to go out
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to the country and they did so. back in october when the department of common security -- romance security made the statement to the nation with high confidence with high confidence the russian government including political organizations those lower included in the election process. whopping so that'd say serious matter has even more
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information comes out. i will not comment further except to say that the president did issue a warning behalf to be sensitive to interfere on behalf of the candidate or against the candidate or in a way that promoted one unrealistic assessments about what was happening. i think the president did that now we have to get the fax. [inaudible conversations]
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bob. >> alliance steve from uh committee of 10 relations it is up pleasure to welcome you all to our fourth speech celebrating the 50th anniversary at the national committee of u.s. generations we have then educating americans about china with the bilateral relationship to author the exchange's and informed discussion with the trade representative's as well as national security advisor
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and to have a similar program like we did where we will interview chinese leaders many are alumni of the program. for the former secretary of state also national security adviser and with the foreign ministry shin and instrumental from of the reestablishment of relations with china. he spent 45 years with that important bilateral relationship and we
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appreciate you being here because we know you have to be slightly jet lag after that. also recently we hope to hear more about that trump tower. we have been fortunate to have user from the board of directors for more than 12 years. today is the 20th anniversary of secretary albright nomination to be secretary of state under president clinton. [applause] having served four years as u.s. ambassador to the u.n. u.n., she became the first woman to serve as secretary of state and at that time the highest-ranking woman ever in the united states government.
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i heroin to my three daughters, secretary albright play a leading role to china's succession of the wto to represent the united states at the 1997 transfer of sovereignty over hong kong. we were fortunate to have purser on the board of directors seven years. also to thank our sponsors the tightness center, mastercard for funding this program and especially the china center before providing this venue and for those not in person today this morning was overcast. we were worried we would not have a spectacular view but the day turned into a bright
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blue day and we watched in incredible sunset and we hoped that was the u.s. china relations in the future. may be cloudy now but said he in the future. [applause] and to thank both secretary albright and kissinger to train us today. you have both contributed to world peace in ways to numerous to enumerate. if vice started to list all of your accomplishments we would not have time for any questions so thank you for being here and i will start with a question for secretary kissinger. >> may enter rubbed how happy i am to be here with you. you mentioned today
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dr. kissinger was the first% to call me when i was named secretary of state he said madeleine you will do great you have taken away my wine unique characteristic to be an immigrant secretary of state. i said no. i don't have an accent laugh laugh. [applause] >> we will go back further them that 1971. that there was no contact between the united states and china 22 years. what made you go to china? what did you seek to accomplish and what lessons can we apply to the relationship? and now you could write a book on and you have so keep that have five minutes.
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>> her / me say that madeline and died -- i and the other parties have been close friends have never looked at politics as partisan and whine of the strong elements is the us succession of the american presidents and chinese leaders that have followed of fundamental similar course intended 1971 we had the attitude that we would improve relations with china now.
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specifically into the international system because that was a contradiction. but each country has its own set of problems the vietnam war, so it took awhile to establish contact it took about three years to establish contact in complicated ways. but one of the major decisions there were constant clashes between the chinese san the soviets.
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and we would look at the map and come to the conclusion that russia was the attacker in these circumstances. so we have the problem of deciding that these two countries where should they be? and we decided it is not in the american interest in the moves that culminated 1971. and in my first meeting so
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now, here we are and then and said what is so mysterious about china? i forget it was negative was but he said think about it. we hundred million of us and to in so that we ought to learn of feet to others thinking and motivations and
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butter is applicable today? >> and with the carter administration working with the national security council i was there with the normalization. and i watched wide had been in fact, an organized way to
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follow up on what dr. kissinger had done to proceed with normalizing the relationship. i was sitting aside the situation room constantly seeing different people go with and then all of a sudden wonderful moment came back with the chinese leader coming to the united states but we were determined to pursue the story to bring china into the system. i sat there with line a chinese counterpart because we could never get them to participate of less it had something to do with interference or internal affairs. so i finally gave up ball to
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let him be strong. in the end to talk about more than of talking points so i do think that what none of the issues how to bring a normal trading relationship by having permit relations because basically we would pull up the plant to see if it was growing and that was a great source of irritation for. to bring them into the of a dead buteo with be a adn to
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put them into the international system and it made that possible for some of the rules of trade international not just in a bilateral way. it is all part of the same story to see that china was respected and what part of of functioning international system and that was the view that president carter and president obama has had that we have to consider the number to be economy they have to be part of a functioning international system. >> did it work? did that work for america at? >> i think there are questions but what i found interesting by the way we
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know of that any diplomat has a consistent and principal position. but uh bottom line is that there were times there were issues. they want to be seen as the world's largest developing country is hard to be the number two economy pencil talk about the largest developing countries so that is the argument. then there are specific cases. >> dr. kissinger do you think the succession by china worked for a merca? >> yes i do. i think the fundamental
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issue has been they could pursuits' the objectives that it would never happen that we would have identical views on all issues. whether we could achieve parallel objectives. in the situation of that negotiation undoubtedly made equally be true. by having china as part of the economic system is better than having a trade war with the united states and china but within that
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general proposition, i would hope improvements could be found and should be found and maybe even system mike discussions. but the fundamental objective, to be a member of the international system, when we first opened to china the chairman did not want - - chairmen now did not want negotiations it was less between the united states. so to say this in that context of expanding exploding economic
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relationship and there is room for improvement but it was a good thing. >> i will come back to that but because we set at it, waterworld the trade which is the epicenter of of 9/11 tragedy and today we are celebrating their rebirth of the area that this is terrific what is the role of fighting terrorism in the u.s.-china relationship? >> i think clearly we are threatened by a terrorism in a number of different ways and we have similar issues in in terms that there is something we're doing that is wrong.
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frankly i think the role is to share information but the question is what is information and how is it gathered? but there are ways to cooperate and reid of bank of piracy as much as terrorism, and there has been cooperation on gatt, the chinese have been very helpful on at and they have been very helpful comment to me the issue of terrorism is not how you deal with the end but prevented in the first place and those are the issues we can work on together and also you may think this is pushing it but the fact they are participants in the u.s. peacekeeping operations, with the issue of stability, and the only
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problem those only groups that we think are terrorist but they don't think so but that isn't the only country with a disagreement but ultimately the civilized countries have to figure out how to share information. >> there are lovable son of terrorist -- levels of terrorist in countries and a terrorist attack based on old international system. now the underlying tendency
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to create the universal caliphate that they would then be subjected with of manifestation, uh chinese do not have those same kind of issues that we have had in some of the country's in parts of china so we have at least two common objectives. with uh terrorists around the world with in various
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countries and second, to create the international system which makes it more difficult for terrorists particularly do we have a common interest for the geographic territory like the sovereign states and that is why the evolution of some parts can be of grave consequence and then she mentioned so in terms of those general objectives and
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how '02 apply those to be explored that has been considerable progress made. >> is there any evidence and is there any sense for china to work with north korea and every and -- iran to support isis'? have you heard of anything like this like working that is inconceivable to me. >> i ran does not support
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isis in the world the faqs thises talked-about the elephant in the room secretary kissinger what did they say on friday? what message did you convey is the secret police those of much -- those of us watching will no. file was read from it but the security people took of memo. [laughter] my view has been frequently published that the united
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states and china are the two countries whose countries and complex would make any solution very difficult so it is important for the united states to being transparent with each other with the strategy. we are both major countries in refuse to step on each other's toes because of the magnitude but this situation that would arius -- arius to
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make racist that is no different than one day could not manage it so they have to try to design a way that they could cooperate by which people can work for the common objectives. but fundamentally it has been significant progress made with every administration. with every new administration there is a concern maybe there is a different course. we but in the early clinton administration president
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clinton tried to deviate from the established pattern but within two years he realized that was based on our common interest that requires but i believe this is needed no and i am hopeful the and will develop >> let me just say that i
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have told the chinese friends not to pay attention to what the candidates say about them. governor clinton said the butchers of beijing but once president-elect he took another approach. i do think the chinese has gotten used to some of the things the elected officials have said, but i am concerned because in some ways raising questions of the things that henry did with the shanghai communique and the china policy. so what president clinton and was saying that those that were arrested your modem it down by the tanks
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that americans always whenever i've met with the chinese with those issues to do with it to that -- tibet i had no idea what have been daily know what i read about basically questioning the issue of our relationships with taiwan. as part of the normalization we had the taiwan relations act as part of the agreement but what was the intent of the phone call? >> dr. kissinger did president elect ask you to go to china? did he ask you to deliver a message? >>
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[laughter] i of course, was aware of and is thinking and he knew that i was going but not as a presidential emissary but as a trap i had planned many months earlier. >> were you surprised that he accepted a call? do you think that is in the interest of sound and productive u.s. china relations? >> as part of the shanghai communique, so of the clear
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advantages and obligations obligations, i will not separate my views from the shanghai communique from established procedure. also, at this moment, uh call reaction of the of leadership of the determination to see if a dialogue can be developed. but it is no question that the policy of opening to china is based on the premise.
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>> does this excepting a call when he is not yet president, i wanted to argue with prohibition it is about official contact and since he is president-elect and not yet president that is not official contact? no? >> that is a good way to describe it. [laughter] >> cents i look to avoid confrontation, a but i do recall pdf running into a deputy assistant secretary of state because i worked with the state department with the prohibition days said you are not supposed to be here he said i have been named but i've not taken officer lance nonofficial. so there is precedent for
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that but after that turmoil the president-elect sent down the tweet after he was criticized. did china asked if it was okay to devalue their currencies making it hard to compete? heavily tax our products? the u.s. does not tax them more to build a military complex in the south. >> i think that is madeleines. [laughter] >> it is perfectly obvious what my views are on the
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subject but also it is the beginning of a new initiation that i go into every one of these issues. i believe in the one china policy. and the dialogue should focus on the long term objectives, but i don't think at this point comet it is important for me to second-guess every move that may have been made. >> let me say i do think that the most important relationship that we have is with china. and we are all
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diplomatically speaking one and multifaceted definitely. and i think we have seen is through a variety of administrations beginning with president nixon, we have developed a way of talking to each other that it is a pattern there are certain ways it takes a diplomacy by virtue to put yourself in neither persons shoes you're not negotiating for a hotel. so how to develop the right to farmlands? it takes a while to sort it out by have traveled abroad is to explain to anybody,
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was born in czechoslovakia tuesday, and they agree they are learning but that actually has not been a foreign policy tool. >> it didn't used to be the election tool either. >> but how technology is used the number of issues that we have with uh chinese with military to military depend on the relationships that have all of the information and the transition period it is too short and too long berger had been transitioned into n transitioning deleterious more fun this a very complicated period with
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their talking to each other and forget that the foreigners are listening. i airily hope that make good friend henry kissinger has a strong influence on the president-elect. [laughter] [applause] you are the only hope of. >> one sensitive issue to another, as secretary albright you were in my knowledge the only senior american to visit north korea. you met with the father was of can jong-il in almost arranged for clinton to
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visit north korea after the inauguration but president-elect trump is also talking about having discussions directly so more than any american official in decades what did he tell you about his idea? >> it was interesting because we have had a lot of talks with the north koreans throughout the initiation there was a lot of breakdowns and issues that came up with the agreed framework and president clinton aspin's to do a complete radio and then me
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has sign meetings with north korea that either you negotiate on those issues or we would take south action and they chose the negotiation but by choosing the number two man that we were in the oval office to comment but they said first separate -- secretary albright past to go. but we knew very little because of the policy spending some time with him him, our intelligence then kim jong-il was crazy and the pervert. key was not crazy. [laughter]
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so when i got there they put me in the cast house so we had no idea what would happen. i had to follow instructions on when you try to pay respect to somebody so one-sided reid to do that i went back and all of the sudden i get a message he was sitting so we did have a press conference and it was something out of the '50s and nightstand next to him and ac we did this same height and a.c. that i had on high heels and so did he and his hair was bigger than mine laugh laugh but we had in raising talk on --
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amazing talks said to keep the forces since south korea and there were a number of agreements made and it was the strange period that i hold no grief but many were confused of the election. when i came back i briefed: paul and he was very interested but then the washington post had a headline continuing of clinton policies but then was told no way so then they had reason to be confused. by the way dennis rodman is my fault because the one thing that we knew he liked basketball and michael jordan / brought the autographed basketball so
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the bottom line is i do think that we need to get the six party talks and talk to them that is a very important part besides having a nuclear north korea is dangerous behalf to do with the chinese data one a nuclear-armed north korea either so with babble bilateral context it is important to talk. >> the president-elect seems to be suggesting a one on one. >> then it has to be really well prepared but we don't know enough. so the of question is who does that? how do they endorsed the and each other?
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but at some point we have to talk to them with the situation this similar but different. >> do we know if shin of conversation with the president elect there has been reference to a real threat to in north korea? >> we were told that to simic give president-elect asks should he meet directly ? >> 20 explain my view of the situation. korea has played a major role but and and then when
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the united states but tried not built itself compelled to intervene. so with those relations in general, second the basic objective has to be to remove nuclear weapons. there is no maneuvering they can make nuclear weapons tolerable because china and japan and every country in the region that they are
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working on weapons that but of course, nobody is prepared to give up the nuclear weapons is not for the united states to question its existence but the lake the head the only thing that they have achieved in their history and the national effort to
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but incidentally it is a question. because this seems so strange to maintain and self but sooner or later but something may happen and in my opinion into the international community of what to do with such a contingency of a very dangerous escalation.
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so it thinks it is important for the united states and china to come to an understanding, not just about removing nuclear weapons. but after that to but it's it is also led with the long-term sense, and many innovations of china and it is -- but of course, south
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korea if it is very important to call attention to building correa of rouge should negotiate with the is premature with this administration to discuss this in a realistic fashion with a statement and with a short-term policy. and it is not likely that it
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can be won in dramatic movement of negotiations of first did hast to be organized to get the chance to consider that and from that statement. >> i do think that people need to be aware how the talks have been in the first place he just mentioned the stakeholders that have some interest but there are multilateral meetings where people sit at the table but that there is the breakout where people can be pulled aside to have the beginning
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of a bilateral discussion. i do agree if they say get the of leaders together in this context of what the region is like coming the united states has to allies of south korea and japan. we have our responsibilities there they keep shifting like uh philippines but that will require a way of us to have these discussions with the chinese in the larger context might think there needs to be multilateralism talks as has happened when we were in office too evolves into something not just flat out get them to get there because the preparations will be huge but it is one of the biggest threats out there and 5b
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have somebody that we don't know who he is not. >> but you make reference the let's. >> how do we fix that and what do you suggest to see that he does? >> i think we have an interest in having freedom of navigation and by the way i am tired when people say what are we doing in the pacific also with the
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pacific power and we have a great contrast. >> and those have to be worked out as the chinese cannot unilaterally decide then again leadership does make ed difference but what has happened is the international court has ruled on this call but somehow has changes mind but the bottom line there is a way to do this but the united states is not a signatory which puts us in a weaker position to argue for
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the rules that the international system has put down but to believe in freedom of navigation. >> but we have not ratified. >> any suggestions dr. kissinger? they say we believe in freedom of navigation but the biggest that was impeded would be china. >> this is an example for of the different ways culturally the adm of the chinese claim that was made by an emperor 300 years ago
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pdf when the idea of freedom was not developed but is this brought up by every chinese government. and in fact, they have the same view and don the other hand and with that period bedtime so if unbaked try to settle this in the absolute terms it will be difficult.
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monte and other hand with that shanghai communique with the evolution and the agreements that were made and the united states following the shanghai communique. and they can find a way of of nature of the issue. the of vital solutions and i think that is the approach
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so '02 reid craft that from the recreations of the tpp that died as a result of the congress not wanting to pass that to but the president-elect says he will withdraw of the american signatures. what is the of picture of the region going to look like and what should give from the american perspective to look like amy -- what should we suggest of the architecture of the region cracksman reid were in college we talk about the southeast asia entreaty
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organization and there is some type of architecture. but from our office security butted did not deal with that economic situation of the of workers. i do is think united states. >> pet i do think that is important and made the difference if we were enthusiastic about it instead of standing aside. won by a the way talking about coulter i the to china now lot and more and more they talk about the fact they have not been respected
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properly internationally and now with the '01 belt line road area that is a very expansive program. so how do they go about their economic infrastructure without did being contradictory? very interesting for chinese save their laborers are too expensive and no longer the largest developing country. there needs to be dead better way to friday's structure based of the concept of what is happening now as uh chinese takeover what we have left on the table. >> d.c. this regional comprehensive partnership in
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china? that it was tpp light? to have those protections but it was more of a tariff. >> n number of american leaders have said america has vital interest in the nation and they are an ancient power. so it has accepted that the strategic groups are separate to symbolize and normalize


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