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tv   Patrick O Donnell The Indispensables  CSPAN  July 5, 2021 5:00pm-6:01pm EDT

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>> weekend on to every saturday will find events and people may come up with tv brings the latest. television series readers. ... .. this exciting book the indi >> not just the start but many talks over the years a great
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series where we have authors, talk about their works and it doesn't get any newer than this because this is the book release of this exciting book the indispensable, i want to mention one upcoming program we have our third lecture rb bernstein in the education of john adams tickets are still available and exciting event please consider joining us wednesday night tonight exciting program filmed live from the reading room in mount vernon is the official book long patrick o'donnell the indispensable with the subtitle the diverse marine who shaped the country from the navy and road washington across delaware official release of my press today. we have a number of autographed copies that aret going out to people who submitted questions from this event we have exciting lined up during tonight's talk submit questions let us know what you want to know from patrick and we canan n those questions tonight this is a great book i could not put it down over the last week it was
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just reviewed today in the wall street journal they called it a novel like account in this fascinating story from patrick and fast-paced writing moves very quickly you learn more about gunpowder than you think you might it's an exciting story and i want to hear from his great account of theacin indispensable to tell you more about patrick because he will tell you these things himself are best-selling military historian for undelete unit this is his second book on the revolutionary war the first one washington the mortal they got him down this path helps by the research fellow to work on this book that you're about to hear about he also received awards for his book 12 book exciting
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work done across the generation he's that important is for over with american soldiers in iraq and consulting work for projects like dion's brothers for dozens of documentaries of different aspect of the military history and most important of all theor garrity suggested we work on the book at mount vernon as a fellow at the washington library i'm so excited to welcome you to this talk and introduce you to patrick o'donnell. >> thank you so much kevin for the introduction and it's really good to come home so much of my research was done here at the library which i literallyrb rebuilt the model from the ground up using their pension files, diaries, letters,ei et cetera to re-create this regimen and story which is trulyly extraordinary every book of
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government has been a journey each one is found me in one way or another and this is no exception but before i embark upon a book i asked the basic question, who cares, why does it matter this library our country would not be here if it hadn't been for these individuals that i wrote about, many women in the indispensable's they saved our country multiple times in shaped our country informed the navy and they saved washington's army on numerous occasions which are going to talk about tonight, the book is also a window into current events in many ways about a virus that provides americans politically, cancel culture, misinformation there is a lot of things in this book that will resonate with people let me take you back right now to one of the most crucial periods in the american
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revolution the american dunkirk the battle of brooklyn had just been waged in america have lost in washington's army was defeated the marylanders i wrote a book called washington immortalal and is more preciousn our history than any other where washington with the action washington's army was able to retreat into fortification at brooklyn heights the british army which had surrounded the american armymy was about to coe up the east river and also the lines were creeping forward it was a peerless time in a time in our history where all can be lost washington had a decision to make was he going to retreat
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or fight washington decided to retreat this is a time when all can be lost the entire army could be surrounded and destroyed everything rested upon the shoulders of the marblehead men washington decided to retreat he handed across the mile-long river the east river and let me take you back in time to august 29 and august 30 there was a massive nor'easter that pelted both armies for two days straight after the battle of brooklyn this seems like heavene creeping forward into the american position at brooklyn heights in the army was closer and closer to annihilating the american army washingtone decis to escape john glover basically gather all of the boat to manhattan and they man those boats and they fairy the army across the east river. this is not an easy task the east river at the time is whirling the wind isn't
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cooperating and on top of that a loyalist sees what's happening and send an enslaved individual in her household to the british lines to inform that the americans are escaping this individual wanders upon soldiers who speak german and they're not able to understood where he's trying to say unfortunately but americans are evacuating he doesn't know until a couple of hours that he had to pull off the greatest retreat in american history in a world history and they man the boats and as a man the boat the wind does not cooperate in the tides are her renders. there is something very special about these men, they have worked together for years at the grand banks fishing the grand banks the most treacherous waters in the world what makesth
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them unique is arguably the first regiment in the united states army, here with african-americans, native americans white americans hispanic americans workinghi together and they work together at graham bank it's a situation where race didn't matter in life-and-death situations where literally the weather could change and kill people and they had to rely upon one another and they were relying upon one another that night to pull off one of the greatest retreat in history as a road across the river tides weren't working, the wind wasn't working but the entire evacuation was about to be called off but the person that was delivering the message to washington could not find washington that night, they still went and glover's men push them across and against all odds they conducted the retreat at
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that time the wind changed in the favor of america and glover's men were able to transport the army across the east river in one case almost a dozen times against all odds as don was coming a miraculous fog appeared and continued to screen the movements of the army as it was crossing. john glover in the marblehead men from massachusetts delivered the army to safety nearly 10000 men were delivered to safety, this is one reason which makes them indispensable they save the army that time but it was one of many situations and literally two weeks later the british land again at kips bay and it's a
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marvel headers that make a stand while the rest of the army retreat is here that washington is catatonic as the british are attacking he and his horse are h frozen in time somebody has toin bring him out of the battle as a british are advancing 100 yards away marvel headers make the stand in the army melts away the marvel headers make a desperate stand and are able to reform at the battle of harlem heights and there's a small victory. it's the marvel headers that are involved in a really interesting operation during this time. in many ways they are a precursor with special operation units that we know today they are doing things that are special and extraordinary when they launch fire ship prior to the bottle brooklyn where they
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nearly take out the battleship they launch waves and form what's known as the guard the commander-in-chief guard or the lifeguard the lifeguard is anar extraordinary unit with thee precursor to the secret service is washington's hand-picked man that guard him is not a small group of men and mushrooms up to 200 men there involved in operations and battles and they also guard the excellencies papers and the act is is a decamp in many ways it's a marvel letter that leads in shape that is an extraordinary story not only do they save and protect but there's's mystery involved prior to the bottle
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brooklyn the earth several members of the guard that lean toward the british, they are word to a plot to assassinate washington. that relatively unknown story is told in the indispensable's as well they uncover the plot and the guard protects washington and they take out their own in the first american they executed was a member of the guard without the quite fascinating story of the book move forward
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it to indispensable's letter washington's elite in the battle in new york. the british once again land up in the northern part of manhattan at truong's point it appears the marblehead headers assortment with other units repel an invasion from the greatest navy of the world at the time the royal navy which ii externally in itself they land a little further up the coast of hubble's point is here that is army brigade which include the marblehead regiment once again the army and they fall back in at the collapsible defense is an emerging part of the american way of war which is unique and ever-changing it is still ever-changing to this day but
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were not using conventional tactics o european armies were falling back from a position, in this case they were falling lsbehind stone walls and allowig the british to advance but still taking down many, many other numbers and interior that the indispensable help save washington's army once again. from this point on you enter fort washington where many, many americans are captured nearly 3000 including marvel headers were captured early on they were basically wounded but recovery to fort washington captured by the british so much of this book can sense of application files
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that in many ways the unknown oral history of the make andis revolution if you are lucky enough to survive the american revolution you could apply for an application in 1820 and you would go down to the local courthouse and swear under oath what you saw and did in here are the great oral history accounts of what happened during the war and it's in their own words, the indispensable's is filled with these unknown stories from unknown americans. his boots on the ground banded brothers are cinematic telling of the war not a less is what the wall street journal said in the review but also has over
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1000 endnotes all of the words in the book from these americans are true statements from their account not something that i needed but within these accounts and within the story is what happened and what they saw and did and it's very compelling in many cases. as we enter november and december this is the darkest days, some of the darkest days of america things are politically collapsing the military victories of the british army have obtained from brooklyn, fort washington, from the other victories caused a swing within the united states and people are abandoning the cause new jersey, people are signing oath of allegiance to the crown, congressman, people that signed the declaration of independence or jumping sides, things are changing.
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the enlistments within the regiment are set to expire in their expiring washington's army is melting away with in his eyes and he decides he must do something it's a very desperate situation and he decides to attack the post in trenton and it's here that the marvel headers have perhaps their finest hour it's a situation where everything changes. everything is on the line. everything is about to collapse and it's on the shoulders of the marvel headers once again. the washington has an elaborate plan he always often has an elaborate plan there were four prongs that were going to attack trenton the marvel headers are
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taking the army across the delaware river on the main prong but the other three prongs are also going forward all of them fail except the marvel headers only the marvel headers have the skill to cross the delaware river which is filled with ice and fast-growing and a nor'easter that night nothing is going according to plan, all of the other prongs to washington's defense have failed but the marvel headers are able to get the army across intact at least one portion the other three feel in that night there behind schedule there about 12 miles above trenton and they have to march through sleet and snow into trenton much of the army at this time is barefoot there is
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tracks filled with blood in the snow but they push forward. the marvel headers are leading part of the element, they push down the southern portion of trenton, this is a very, very important point without orders they attack a key bridge, they e capture the bridge along with the guards and then they set up a series of canids on the high ground. meanwhile the rest of washington army is attacking during most 18th century engagement both sides battle it out in one side is not doing well they retreat, johan had no avenue of retreat thanks to john glover in the indispensable. they captured the bridge they
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sealed the retreat and they sealedlele the fate in a regimen which change the course of history and from there the army sales back across the delaware thanks to the marblehead men and it's unfortunately a little bit worse the men had captured the supply and it was a drunken cruise that was over and several men fell over but they captured most of his regimen in a large stand of arms and many cannons and then it sets up a week later, roughly a week later the second battle of trenton or the second battle where washington doesn't necessarily want to fight but his hand is forced by a militia group the philadelphia associated which go over without
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order in washington decides to reinforce them and they hold a key bridge against all odds half of the regimen and maybe less or little bit more it's hard to tell stays with washington, the other group is exhausted and they go back to marblehead but that group that stays in the fight at the battle of princeton and they change the course of history. the ten crucial days that change the course of history in the battle with the marvel headers that make a difference but the story does not end there, what i mean by that it's a marblehead or that saves the army and i'll get to that story in a minute
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but first i want to go through several of the characters of the book so you get a feel for what this book is about the first character or individual i like to highlight is john glover he's a central character of the indispensable. john is a self-made man. he pfister the french and indian war, he is a cobbler he is also a bartender and a buddy that he makes from bartending and cobbling shoes he's able to buy a ship and then is able to buy more ships and he builds a fleet and becomes a very wealthy man within marblehead itself through trading and marblehead's fortunes are made on fish, cod is the commodity and marblehead
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and it's a third of the economy in massachusetts in 1774. they fish the grand banks in the grand banks are some of the most treacherous waters in the world it is icy and thousands of miles away from boston but they sail up there and they fish andut thy gather fish and it's a life-and-death situation many times against the giant waves in storms but they're working together and marblehead is a diverse community it has native americans, three african-americans, has hispanic americans, these individuals are ahead of their time in many ways and say progressive towns for its time, many of the men in the indispensable's are urban abolitionists there at the forefront of american civil rights before there were civil rights and they were pushing for the abolition of slavery
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including john glover, it is these crews that are diverse working together but it's also a situation where the crown is integrated with their lives. in their interfering with their lives in john glover is threatened by the british navy and comes alongside of the ship and boards the ship and they said you be a a member of the royal navy you're effectively a slave for life. and that individual is taking aboard the royal navy ship and madede a member of the royal nay for life and there's no freeing the individual unless the escape and some did. but this is a factor that causes a break from great britain it's
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one of the factors, excessive regulation glover's enterprises were regulated by the crown 3005 something called the fishery act would be established where the crown would literally not allow the marvel headers to fish the grand banks effectively putting out of work the entire town which caused a great deal of resentment there judges were taken away with them in their government was changed all of these issues for minted of political change within the colon means and marblehead would become the spearhead along with boston of the revolution and an idea of the mainspring revolution. it was the marvel headers that will play a critical role in this, in 1773 and 74 the ship fromom marblehead brought home a
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virus that changed america and change the town the town will be dividedll politically the virusf smallpox in people within the town are being affected but the patriots within the town came up with a novel plan to create an inoculation hospital to try to publicly deal with the virus itself which was causing the politicall fissures and causing massive death and if you're familiar with smallpox across the face in the back and it would scar people and kill you in many cases and highly contagious. they set up test houses to contain the virus but the inoculation hospital which was cutting-edge at the time was set up by john glover albert, dave
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and many other main characters in this book. the loyalists were not on board yet. as the hospital started to produce results it also produced a revised infection which the loyalists used to their advantage to entice the mob, dozens of men rode on boats to cat island where the inoculation hospital was in place and they burned it to the ground with the people inside remarkably nobody was killed. but the loss of the hospital caused john glover and the other patriots in the town overthrew 2000 pounds in damages. they put out a whit for the sheriff to get the men who had done that they seize thoseow individuals and they were brought to jail for trial the
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loyalist in the town use the situation of the virus to entice them while they broke into the doors of the jail and freed the two men, at that point the main characters of the book there houses are surrounded by the angry mob which are hell-bent on potentially killing them all and john glover came up with a very novel solution to deal with the problem, and his version of self-defense was to wield a canon inside the foyer of his house and i recall finding the original papers from his family all six them was his quote and as the mob circled the house hundreds of men ready to kill him he ordered the door pressed open in the canon was there inn the foyer facing the mob and he had a torch in his hand and he told them to disperse and they did. he made his stand and it was
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emblematic of how john glover would conduct him self the rest of the were. it is here and it's john glover who is bringing in the main supply of gunpowder through their context with spain prior to the revolutionary war and as the warto moves forward john glover is involved in lexington and concorde and many of the other battles and he also has the job of guarding general washington prior to the battle of a bunker hill and it's here that john glover forges a special relationship with the community and he informs a level of trust and his trust general washington to solve a problem
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for him. gunpowder is necessary as john adams says the colonist had plenty of guns but no gunpowder. in the british knew it and they tried to disarm us through gunpowder but it would be the context that the marvel headers had with spain that brought in the gunpowder but it would also be a novel way that washington would capture more gunpowder by attacking the british stores but he needed a ship or ships to do the operation so he turned tod john glover to create a navy and the navy which is preposterous is to take a fishing boat that john glover had which was about 74 tons and somehow take on the greatest navy of the world the royal navy, that's exactly what they did and they attacked british ships. in the story of the navy is
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extraordinary and some of the most colorful captains in american history captain, the red dragon that has a giant float that has an incredible sensef of humor, martindale who decides to spend in a lavish amount of money but as soon as his ship gets out of port he's immediately captured by the british, dianebrbr martindale ss at his crew to british at a trial. he is a really amazing story they put his crew and iron and many in royal navy vessels and he is freed with some of his officers and he makes his way to maine where he's an present as well by the british navy but somehow escapes on foot and
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makes his way down thehe east coast to washington spinning tales, the grand tales of his aerobics in the process and he goes on to fight again but lost at sea, there are so many amazing stories within the navy itself, they attack without authorization there is a mutiny one of the first in the united states history but they also capture critical powder ship the right time in the right place. another individual that i would like to talk about is doctor nathaniel bond. the harvard trained resurrection is the resurrection this is the body stature, doctor bond there was a critical shortage of cadavers at the time and people would literally doctors would raise graveyards to snatch bodies to find out their anatomy
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but doctor bond is an extraordinary hero he's on cat island working on the inoculation and it's here he saves many marble under marvel headers he's at the forefront of smallpox it's his expertise doctor bond is also a member of the marblehead regiment. in drills with them, he participates in the battle of lexington and concorde but according to his hippocratic which he followed seriously he treats her british shoulders that are wounded at lexingtonon and concorde for it he is canceled. the patriots in the town believe he iss a loyalist and his house is surrounded and he writes an extraordinary letter which i have you on my hand original
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parchment where he bakes for his life saying there are thousands of people that will kill him at any moment, please send a detail of men to bring me too a court-martial so f i reveal the true facts of what happened. and he confides in his true friend joseph warren and they have the court-martial and the facts are revealed in doctor bond is exonerated from fake crimes that he did not do anything wrong he just helps people which is what he supposed to do but instead of melting away and not being happy with the situation he decide to fight any joined the marblehead regiment as their surgeon and doctor bond goes on to a company commander he fights through all the battles of the american
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revolution which is extraordinary in itself and that is the battle of trenton when half of the regimen goes back to marblehead and they have a reason for going back marblehead at the time is economically devastated many of their wives are starving, they go back to protect their wives and their loved ones and their families along with many of the other men. they continue to stay on and it's h washington himself that asked doctor bond to inoculate the army. at the time the virus was killing nearly 20% of the army by its being devastated and doctor bond steps up all the inoculationes facilities and he manages the entire process and inoculates army one historian
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claims is washington's strategic decision to inoculate the army and they're able to fight and continue the battle but for it no man that wase initially canceled the man that was initially labeled loyalist dies parishes from his own from basically inoculate in the army. those are some of the characters in the book along with eldridge the forgotten founder my favorite word is f gumbel tehran he was an ornery guy that was birdlike he was the intellectual mainspring in many ways of the early revolution eldridge gary that believes in republicanism on a small island in service the country over self and he takes
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abstract concepts and makes them reality but he also takes one of the largest trading fleets in the colonies which he and his family own and converts them into supply line, as i mentioned earlier the necessary and was gunpowder. all the major operations that the british were conducting at the early part of the war to taken disarm americans and take their vital supply of gunpowder, without gunpowder no revolution can be thought. but it's gary that comes up with the concept and is one of the first in writing to talk about for an alliance he and other marbleheaders forge the alliance and is through his context in the last 30 or 40 that have gone on for 20 or 30 years that he forges his vital relationship and they bring in the powder to the colony, he is also future
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vice president he is a future congressman gerrymandering is named after him the bill of rights the electoral college, all of these things are part of eldridge gary the last thing i'm going to talk about is the diverse members of this unit in many cases we only know them by their first name some cases a roman or greek name or cato these are extraordinary individuals they are unsung and forgotten the importance of the marblehead regimen is not necessarily the strength is there diversity but their greatest strength was her unity and these men working together as a team and their incredible members off this regimen such as cesar glover manwell soto cato
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prince that i looked up their pension files and these men died penniless but they fought through the entire war in the most epic and great operation of the war bringing the marblehead regimen in the army to safety multiple times these are the forgotten members of theth revolution there external or in what they did in a diversity and model that we wouldn't see tragically for over 170 years in america's armed forces. but these are the men that were in, men and women the book covers some incredible women in this book as well they did extraordinary things it was at the right place at the right time and in many cases the
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sacrifice that they made is epic marblehead alone had 600 widows at the end ofam their making revolution and, it's that story and sacrifice and it's the reason why wrote the indispensable i think most americans don't necessarily appreciate our founding story is herea greatest story and marbleheaders have changed the course of history. thank you very much, i'm happy to take questions. >> this is been a great introduction to this book i'm so excited for people to have a chance to read it which they can now do i also have questions coming in and there's a question i like for michelle about the cohesiveness of this unit and
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something that you studied another context we think of modern soldiers acting as one how were they successful and how did they make that happen. >> a lot of it has to do with what happened prior to the revolution in many cases many of these men were on fishing boats orf life-and-death decisions hd to be made withine seconds. in the color of your skin or race was irrelevant it was about trust this trust was forged over years of time and many of them forge those of friendship and there was bonds of family and many ofsh the men were interconnected through ties when they were best friends. i researched this unit
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extensively there was no diversion i found a couple examples which is unheard of for the 18th century were desertion was often right but it was those close connections with family and communities that tier them together. >> another question from elizabeth i like this as well>> what happens next, after the tran10 campaign glover comes home and you mentioned with gary and that's one example but can you tell us a little bit more about the afterlife. >> maybe less than half the unit states of washington and this is anha extraordinary moment then
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washington uses his great abilities to big and plead the army to stay in many steps forward answer. and many are marbleheaders and many of them die as a result of that service. including doctor bond. john glover along with other members of the marblehead regiment return home to marblehead and they form a new, glover's native general and they form a new brigade in any regimen, many of them in take to the sea and they take to the sea captains, many of the the great captains the marblehead captains become part of the continental navy such as john manley and tucker and they
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are some of the greatest fighting captains of the revolutionary war and the book is filled with an incredible scene of shit to ship fighting in ships and some cases brought in tubs and they had to make repairs on the fly or make their way to a small cove and there's hardly anybody there and they of their tologs out make masks and it's a great story of ingenuity and many become privateers unlike washington navy where they were members of the army where they wereey at sea, these are individuals that are private and also earning a commission, slightly different but they're working in the employ of the massachusetts government in many cases. many of them die glover some that dies at sea and many are
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never seen again. >> another question that's come in a little specific but i bet there's a great story justin is another fellow at the washington library asking about the average age of the members looking tolls about power the young or old there are wide range. >> i was able to take the muster rolld that existed in is fragmentary, the average age was around 24 for many of the men but it very there is obvious the older men andd younger men in e book also captures a story about boy soldiers in many cases they were drummer boys, music was a very important part of being able to communicate an 18thny century battle he needed drums
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to relay orders many younger members were musicians drums or pipers and they went to war with theirr fathers. we had some really externally stories of father and son teams in the book. >> another question coming in she asked a question about the recognition in your book is a great example how centuries later we can discover and recognize the service what kind of recognition did these people received duringof their lifetim. >> most of these men and women received 0 recognition and in fact most of them were bankrupt after the war and what you see in the pension file after the work they were lucky enough too make it that long, this is especially true for the soldier mariners of color they were extremely impoverished and
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glover himself is racked with ptsd we can can divine that through his letters in washington where he's nots able to sleep most of the night and he marblehead was a source of great wealth in massachusetts prior to the war it was the secondre largest city and it's really reduced to a shell after the war and individual families are greatly impoverished, in the book itselff in 1777 late 76 i bring out the women of the town marblehead beverly is an important part of this book one of the companies led by captain brown is led by beverly and they have their base there they rioted in the women of the town take up muskets and read the
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food shortage in the town because they're starving. this is a greedy greedy war, it's a civil war where americans are pitted against americans in their impoverished it's a different war than most people have read in their grade school history books. >> another question coming in from the audience i'm excited to hear your thoughts on this one, how do glover managed to bring together so many different people in this regimen can you tell us about the efforts to integrate, are there thoughtful and deliberate things like something that glover needs to do in order to make this happen or did it come out of the community. >> i think it comes out of the community, there was no effort to core hearse people to serve and i think that's anth importat element of this book they willingly . serve and in many cases it supports members of the community and as well as the elite members of the community
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are all serving together side-by-side and you've got literally like glover in our age, these are exceptionally in jeremiah in particular was one of the wealthiest men in the colony his initially there colonel serving with other members of the community which are not well-off at all. and they're not doing it under coercion because they feel it's their duty what i find extraordinary is the amount of sacrifice as the war progresses the community itself is bankrupt
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there is tremendous amount of pressure to return home to give up the war but most of these men continue the service against odds which i find externally. rachel: obviously were here at mount vernon and it's a great opportunity to ask george washington question what was the connection between glover in washington did they share an intimacy did they have a candid and frank relationship with one another, what do you know about that. >> tell us a little bit about that relationship. >> that relationship is an important one andim it's why the marble headers are the indispensable, that relationship is forged in early 1775 and this is in cambridge in a giant tomansion that washington takes over as headquarters and is the marble headers that are in some ways the first to guard the headquarters and he requests them as timear goes on because e
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forms a very intimate relationship of trust with john glover in the adjuvant of that unit at the time caleb gibbs who later becomes in charge of the lifeguard or the commander-in-chief guard in this relationship is incredibly important, washington can trust these men at the most crucial inflection point of the war roots the american dunkirk that he places his entire trust on the shoulders of the marblehead insulator at trenton where john glover in washington asked glover can you bring us across the river and he said don't worry about that my boys have got it. and they had it he had the
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confidence, glover had the confidence in his men in washington had confidence in the marble headers, as i said earlier if washington was indispensable man of the revolution is the marble headers which were the indispensable men of thehe revolution. >> margo has a great question we would like to hear your thoughts onar it, the training what comes in the shaping the ability of wothis wonderful regimen was tht life experience was efficient in the extremes that they had coming in before the war broke out, how were they taught to effectively be the regimen they became. >> the men had undergone training as a a militia unit prr to the war where they would train in the ground in and around marblehead and it was not
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necessarily taken very seriously because they go right to the tavern and drink punch and grog after the training. but it was forging these men as arguably the greatest fighting unit ever to take arms for the united states, is there experience prior to the war fishing in the grand banks units merchants where they had to battle not only the navy from impressment but also mother nature in the greatest seas at the time, the grand banks were unforgiving and literally every year hundreds of men would die, this bread hardman that were very, very tough american and also hard drinkers to that's another story they were very
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tough individuals. >> another question this is from frank who asked about the marble headers involved elsewhere we talked about the water crossings as we see one of the cover of your book were any marble headers involved in other campaigns including in the south in the southern campaign of the war. >> not directly after the trenton campaign glover wouldth operate in the north primarily there is a handful of individuals that may have effectively served in the south and other units because they traveled that way in one way or another but for the most part they had not operated in the south but the story of the marblehead men is unique in terms of a special operation unit and operations they conducted for instance they
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conducted raids against the british and even launched a series of fire ships against the british in a couple weeks before the battle of brooklyn where several men had died or perished as they drove their ships directly into what effectively were brittle enter britishsh battleships. one of thee marble headers perished in the process but it's really extraordinary. >> another question of curious to ask and might be my last opportunity were running out of time but just impose a question early on about leadership and he asked about leadership with that washington had, let me ask you to expand that little but not just washington but other key figures including glover is
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there a leadership trait that you see as key dueai to the success of this regimen. >> absolutely this book is filled with leadership examples of individuals that were willing to sacrifice their very lives and fortunes for their cause and, it is mind-boggling in many ways to try to describe this were at the end of the war many of these individualse were penniless and they were broken men, physically as well as emotionally stars of war would continue but one of the leadership traits that they had they were willing, they would never ask somebody else to do something that they want to be willing to do and in many cases they led from the very front and they were willing to sacrifice their lives, and that leadership
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is really essential and something that is a lesson that we can understand and learn from from today. >> this is been a remarkable opportunity, my camera is gone but let me talk to from here, thank you so much do you have any closing words about your research project here and also what comes next. >> i do want tou say thank youo everybody that has stayed this evening and sacrificece their te for my presentation i really want to think the lady a mount vernon for sponsoring me and allowing me to really conduct research in one of the finest facilities in america it is one of the greatest, i never found a better place to write here, it's
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a special place and i'm extremely grateful for the opportunity to be here and conduct the research and to write this book. >> the book is indispensable mariners who shaped the country, form the navy in roadgt washingn across were so thrilled to have patrick to talk about this book. pick it up now, buy it now we have it available at the mount vernon shop and thank you soo much for being here with us patrick and everyone. >> it was an honor.
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♪ >> here's a look at books being published this week and how i saved the world fox news commentator jesse watters reflects on his career in ways and on american politics former prosecutor and cnn legal analyst takes a critical look at former attorney general william barr's time and the trouble administration hatchet man and how to raise a conservative daughter. president michelle easton offers her thoughts on how to pass down conservative values to young women. also being published this week columbia university religion professor argues that conservative evangelicals do not uphold christian values and christians against christianity. in three days at camp david jeff
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regarding looks back at nixon's decision to in the connection between the value of the u.s. dollar and the gold standard journalist emily to stop hiv and aids in africa to in the play, heinz titled the coming week wherever book and watch for many of these authors to appear in the near future and bookkeeping. >> hello and welcome to the 2021 to the book festival. i am your host for this presentation. before we get started a quick plug to support the authors by purchasing their books from our wonderful bookseller partner politics and prose. one of america's premier independent bookstores. we have links to purchase in the presentation description given all we have been through the pasture it is so important to suppor l


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