tv Politics Public Policy Today CSPAN August 29, 2014 1:00pm-3:01pm EDT
on a very, very subtle level and sometimes not so subtle. there are many protest songs still being written. contro if you go to neal young's used website living with war, you'll see about 3,000 of them. v'jkkñi media don't want to hear any of that. it used to be that most of the societal changes came from and universities, especially the sarbonne in paris and berkeley in northern california and oentg london to a certain extent. we have trained our kids to be d doing this. that's all they do all day. part wh but it's not really a part of the real world about what's going on.om the we have distracted ourselves from the importance of what's really going on. we are much more interested in justin bieber's monkey and the size of kim kardashian's ass rdi than we are in afghanistan, in yemen, in somalia, in iraq. ira.
on the surface of things, we , t don't stand a chance.hat but i can't believe that. i have to believe that there is hope. i have to believe that the y. upcoming generations will see through all this buying of democracy, will see through the neocons always going for their gun first. i think the kids today are smart, i think that they will see through on this, and i think eventually they will find their, way of protesting.ontin the way i was brought up is to speak my mind through music. and that's what i'll continue to do as long as i'm on this side of the grass. m let me respeak myself.
>> the idea that crosby, stillsr & nash, crosby, stills, nash & young, you've had different combinations, but there's alwayb been great harmonies of songs that moved us, made us think a a little more. you're 72 years old, as you said, and clearly you've had a t long career. what's next with the relevance of the songs you perform and music you continue to write speaks not just to our . generation but to younger nned generations as well?t >> i've never planned my life. . i've only reacted to what was s going on in front of me. my my mother and father told me t, when i was a young child that i was a decent person and that if. i followed my heart and my r
conscience, i would be okay. and it's very true.choose i mean, we have choices, right? which way do you choose? do you choose the one that makeh you feel good, that makes , you everybody around you feel okay,t i of greed and violence. side. thi and i choose the positive side.n i've always been -- i don't think i changed as a person per. since i was born. i've always been this person. i've always had a need to shout my mouth off for some reason. i've always championed the do underdog, i've always been for s what i thought was most fair. and i'll continue to do that.f i don't see any other way of bo5 living. i i have about 25 new songs. i'm about to try and figure out some time to go into the studio. some of the songs are a stretch,
from, you know, csn, although people want to hear "teach your children," all that, our audience loves that they can c hear it that morning.e on the latest tour, that's the so i sang a song to my beautiful wife and wrote it at 4:00 in th. morning.o nothing was perfect, as you could hear from me over there ot the piano, but it stretches fros that to -- when david and steven and neil and i were helping to protest the vietnam war, there was one image that we really truly loved, and that was of the burned himself to protest the r. war. new it was on every single newspaper throughout the world because it
was horrendous. a man burned himself because of what he believed in? what you don't know, in the last year 108 tibetan monks have o burned themselves to death becau because of what's going on withb the chinese government who are trying to obliterate them. you try writing a song about that. but it was so important for us to do it that my friend james raymond, who is our keyboard plr player in the band who happens to be david's son, a brilliant w writer, james and i wrote a song called "burning for the buddha.. so once again, my emotions are r running from a deep love forun someone i spent the last 30-odd years in my life and have many l happening today in the news. it will continue to be that way for me.l i wake up in the morning, i take my first breath, i'm glad to be alive and i get on with my day. and my days are very on w interesting.
>> if you don't believe him, you could read his book because you have written a wonderful memoir that has an interesting photo on the cover, if i'm not mistaken. it's you with a camera around your neck. b because if there's another thing that you love as much as music,t so talk a little bit as we begin to wind down here, talk a littly bit about your love of he photography and how that related to music in your life. >> i was 10 years old. we were a very poor family.f my father worked very hard, bute on the weekends when he wasn't working, one of the main joys in his life, he bought a camera from a friend of his at work. he would take pictures of me ane my sister -- i only had one n, sister at that point -- at the s local zoo.
elephants, giraffes, all that oa kind of stuff. when i was 10 years old, we lived in a house called two up, two down, which was two rooms downstairs and two small rooms w upstairs. zoo but he would take the blanket on my bed and put it against the t window to block out the light, it on a piece and i remember this one particular day i was with him. " we had been to the zoo earlier that day. he put this kind of negative ars thing and this enlarger thing i? and shined it on a piece of bright paper, and he said, wait. i'm waiting and waiting.ting o 45 seconds to a 10-year-old is c like centuries, but instantly , this image came floating out of nowhere.photog it was a piece of magic i'll ook never, ever forget. in my book "eye to eye" which is a book i have of my photographs, the first portrait is a portrait
i took of my mother when i was 11. so i've been a photographer longer than i've been a musician, and i've always been a very visual person.'m and i, you know, i'm this eng insanely lucky man.n i can't tell you how lucky i am. i'm from northern england. what the hell am i doing in a austin, texas talking to you guyse? it's been an insane life and ai5 it's shown no signs of stopping. no sign whatsoever.o like i said, 25 new songs. but you know what?u have that's terrifying to a writer tn have 25 finished songs that arn you've written inside. whate songs aren't done, finished until they're out on whatever ie is.t it used to be 78s and 45s, vinyl, now it's digital, sning whatever that format is. songs can't leave my soul until they're out there and you're listening to them.
so right now you're looking at a of that are all going, please, please!given >> well, graham, we hope that we get to hear those songs, and we appreciate all the music that ss you've given us over the years.a i'm sure i speak on behalf of the audience here that we've and crosby, stills & nash and young and all your colleagues >> have given us.y it's been a wonderful musical trip. and i hope, we hope, that you ne continue to write as well. >> should i play you my latest song that i wrote at 4:30 in the morning? l [applause] >> let me see here. we have to change this. i'm a very simple man and i'm
totally serious about that. i'm not a clever musician. i hardly know anything about the piano or the guitar, but i know what i need to say.o and this song is for you all. this is the one i finished at 4:30 in the morning and sang that night. it's called "here for you." ♪ i'm here for you ♪ just look at what we've been through together all these years ♪ ♪ i'm here for you ♪ through all the laughter and through all the tears ♪
this weekend on the c-span networks. tonight on c-span, native american history. then on saturday, live all-day coverage from the national book science pavilion. and a debate on scotland's upcoming decision to end it's political union with england, and then chief justice of the second circuit court of appeals. on c-span 2 tonight at 8:00 p.m., in depth with former congressman, ron paul. and then on saturday all-day coverage at the history pavil n pavilio pavilions. sunday at 9:00 p.m. eastern, afterwards with william boroughs talking about his book, the
astroid threat. and then saturday on the civil war, general williams shermans atlanta campaign. sunday night, a look at election laws and the supreme court case of bush versus gore. let us know what you think about the programs you are watching. call us at 202-626-3400. or you can e-mail us. next on american history tv, the smithsonian's national museum of american history commemorates rates flag day and the 200th anniversary of the "star-spangled banner." the program ends with a simultaneous nationwide singing of the national anthem.
this event is about an hour and a half. >> how is everybody doing here. i want to welcome you to the national museum of natural history. my name is xavier. today, we are celebrating our national and international flag day sing along for the 200th anniversary of the star spangled banner. that's right. 200 years ago this year, francis scott wrote the words to a poem. they wrote the national anthem, the star spangled banner. we restore through collections, research and outreach. we help people understand the past to better make sense of the present and shape a more humane future. we hope our program will do that bringing the nation together
around the national anthem. by the way, we are not just bringing people here in washington, d.c. on the national mall, but all over the country and indeed, world. i would like to send a special welcome to the audience on espn 3. thinking of bringing people together, the opening conductor is known for bringing singers from all over the world with his infamous and very well-done choir projects. join me in thanking grammy winning composer, mr. eric whittaker. [ applause ] also, let me introduce you all to today's choir. they are great. i had a lot of fun with them earlier today at rehearsal.
they are organized by the performing arts and classical movements. 400 voices from 45 states age 9 to 81. let's give them a hand. [ applause ] we would like to thank our men and women from the united states air force. as you can see we have the united states air force band and singing sergeants with us today. they are not all performing. much of it being run behind the scenes is done by men and women of the united states air force. please, recognize them with a hand. also, we would like to thank the national parks service. without them, we wouldn't have this mall. also at park service sites across the country, folks are
watching us online. please recognize them. and you are in for really good performances today. many of them made possible by our friends at wool and tusk management. give them a big hand. [ applause ] >> all right. now to help us kick off this event, i would like to welcome our esteemed first speaker. please welcome the 12th secretary of the smithsonian institution, dr. wayne plouffe. >> good afternoon. great day. enjoying it? welcome to the smithsonian national museum of american history, your museum. thank you for all coming to help us celebrate the grand 200th
anniversary of one of our nation's most iconic objects, the star-spangled banner. today, on flag day, we celebrate in word, song and performance. today we lift every voice and sing. i want to thank the many talented performers who are here with us today, especially this gifted choir behind me composed of singers from sea to shining sea. let's give them a hand. [ applause ] thanks also the u.s. air force concert band who represent our brave men and women serving around the world. give them applause. [ applause ] many thanks to our undersecretary for history arts and culture richard juran, deputy director of this museum
and all my colleagues participating to help us organize this wonderful event. thanks go to our friends and supporters, friends at the national park service, john f. kennedy center for the performing arts, wool and tusk, classical movements who worked so hard with us to make this day special for all of us. the star-spangled banner was born in baltimore. we are honored to welcome the former mayor of baltimore and current governor of the great state of maryland, the honorable martin o'malley. he'll be speaking shortly. as well as the director of the maryland historical society. we thank both of them for the loan of the francis scott key's original manuscript displayed today here with the flag for the first time in our history. opera singer renee fleming's gown worn when she sang the national anthem during the 2014 super bowl is also on display. we thank renee.
every day, millions of flags fly in big cities and small towns like the one where i came from all across our nation. they hang on front porches and store fronts, schools, military bases, museums, cities, state and federal buildings. small children carry them in big parades. i even have a flag that was carried in outer space by a friend of mine who was an astronaut. our military men and women carry them into battle. they mark the graves of the fallen at arlington national cemetery, gettysburg and the american cemetery in normandy, france. we salute our flag and what it means. we salute those who defend it and those who live up to it. everything those flags stand for everywhere is symbolized by one flag here, and that is the star-spangled banner. it is here, but we at the
smithsonian don't own it. you own it, the american people. we take care of it and we have for more than a century. we preserve it and display it for the american people, and visitors from around the world who seek to understand our country, our culture and its great history. said, there is an accurate perception that we are forever, that we will care for an object eternally. this is a sacred trust we at the smithsonian take seriously because we owe it to the american people. we tell america's stories, stories of courage, of struggle, sacrifice and triumph. our scholars and experts will use the latest technology and techniques to keep this flag alive for generations to come. so your children and your children's children can learn from the lessons it teaches all of us.
you can see it here today. you can visit any time online. please do. it's your flag. it's part of the history and fabric of our country. for even more information on this important time in our history, please explore our online exhibition from our national portrait gallery, 1812 the nation emerges. tonight at 9:00 p.m. on the smithsonian channel, don't miss out on the star-spangled story, battle for america, with insights from curators from this museum. historian david mccullough once wrote history teaches us what we stand for, what we ought to be willing to stand up for. history is or should be the bedrock of patriotism, not the chest pounding kind of patriotism but the real thing, love of country. his words stand the test of time. thank you for being with us today and enjoy. [ applause ] thank you very much, mr. secretary. thanks to the work of secretary clough and many others, the smithsonian is using this
opportunity, this wonderful flag day celebration, to bring the nation together. there are a lot of people helping us out with this celebration including 115 national partners, such as aarp, capital girl scout council, veterans of foreign wars, there really are too many others to name. in 30 states and two countries hosting 86 watch parties. many of these watch parties are hosted also by some of our 200 smithsonian institution affiliates. added to that at 600 macy's stores around the country, people will be joining us to sing along. that means from many sumner, washington, the home of the rhubarb pie, to iraq, there could be folks all around the globe singing with us today at 4:00 p.m. we want to thank all of them for joining us. i hope you guys are ready. are you? are you tired of hearing me talk? i think that's what you are really saying to me. i think it's time for another
♪ ♪ mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the lord ♪ ♪ he is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored ♪ ♪ he hath loosed the fateful lightning of his terrible swift sword ♪ ♪ his truth is marching on ♪ i have seen him in the watch fires of 100 circling camps ♪ ♪ they have builded him an altar in the evening dews and damps ♪ ♪ in the beauty of the lilies christ was born across the sea ♪
♪ in the beauty of the lilies christ was born across the sea ♪ ♪ with the glory in his bosom that transfigured you and me ♪ ♪ as he died to make men holy let us live to make men free ♪ my god is marching on ♪ ♪ glory, glory hallelujah ♪ glory, glory hallelujah ♪ glory glory hallelujah ♪ my god is marching on
>> that was great, everyone. thanks a lot. much like julio wardhouse words in the "battle hymn," the star-spangled banner inspires us all. we want to join in that inspiration having the star-spangled banner to inspire us in something and you take a turn joining in that inspiration, as well. there are people watching us all over the country, all over the world. there are a lot of you here watching under the sound of my voice. many of you are going to be taking lots of pictures and taking lots of video of this event and of your various watch
parties. what we'd like you to do is share those photos and videos with us online. while there, you can check out our interactive banner yet waves timeline. it features artists like aloe black, train, angie johnson and all of these artists have worked with us at the smithsonian to craft their own special version of the star-spangled banner in celebration of this great occasion. it's really nice. i've seen lots of those videos. please make sure you check it out. it's easy to do. all the instructions and information you need is on our website, anthemforamerica .smithsonian. com. speaking of the wonderful artists in our timeline, many come from longstanding traditions in american music. our next performer fits with that position. she is part of the historic legacy of the carter family. she has the bloodline of legends such as mother maybelle carter and june carter cash. after nearly a century of their first recordings, she makes sure that that circle remains unbroken. so please welcome recording artist carline carter. >> thank you. hi. this is a little song about what it was like for me growing up as a little girl and traveling
around with mother maybelle and the singing carter sisters. my little story. ♪ in my grandma's house her children would sing ♪ ♪ guitars a-twanging and laughter ringing ♪ ♪ i was little but i was the biggest kid ♪ ♪ i wanted to do what the grown-ups did ♪ ♪ in a big shiny car we'd head down the road ♪ ♪ sing for the miners who brought out the coal ♪ ♪ at times slept on the floor
boards cold ♪ ♪ on a quilt my little sister the wildwood rose ♪ ♪ and if i could change a thing in this world ♪ ♪ i'd go back to the days with grandma in her curls ♪ ♪ singing sweet and low ♪ and the wildwood rose ♪ we'd be way down the road by the break of dawn ♪ ♪ biscuits and gravy and a truck stop song ♪ ♪ in a world all fine ♪ i saw what i saw ♪ in the rear view mirror ♪ i'd get a wink from my grandma ♪ ♪ if i could change a thing in this world ♪ ♪ i'd go back to the days of
♪ my tears would not stop ♪ we stood in a circle and sang ♪ ♪ will the circle be unbroken by and by, lord, by and by ♪ there's a better on the way in the sky, lord, in the sky ♪ ♪ will the circle be broken by and by, by and by ♪ ♪ there's a a better on the way in the sky, lord, in the sky ♪ ♪ in the sky lord in the sky
♪ to turn, turn will be our divide, turning, turning we come round round ♪ ♪ tis a gift to be simple, tis a gift to be free tis a gift to come down where we ought to be ♪ ♪ where we fund ourselves in a place just right we'll be in the valley in love and delight ♪ ♪ when simplicity is gained we shant be ashamed ♪ ♪ it shall be a delight we come round round ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ tis the gift to be simple and the gift to be free ♪ ♪ tis the gift to come down where we ought to be ♪ ♪ and when we find ourselves in the place just right ♪ ♪ twill be in the valley of love and delight ♪ ♪ we shant be ashamed ♪ to turn, turn will be our delight ♪ ♪ till by turning, turning we come round right ♪
featuring master sergeant emily wellington. let's give them and her a hand. [ applause ] now, for those of you here in washington, if you're out on the mall, you might see, and probably have already seen, some of our many volunteers who are working together to help give people information, get them where they need to go, direct them to the opening of the museum where you can go in. and i really want to recognize them for coming forward and helping us with this the wonderful event. can you please give them a big hand. [ applause ] the easy way to find them is they have the words raised in stylized version of the 15 star and stripes flag on their shirts. that was done for us by the martin agency. i would like to recognize them as well and their president john adams, who is also a member of the board here at the national museum of american history.
so let's give them a hand as well. [ applause ] here at the national museum of american history, we are the stewards of america's history. and also of the star spangled banner flag, which is sometimes known as the great garrison flag. now some of you are looking at me strange. you did hear my words correctly. these flags that are sung about in the star-spangled banner is right inside of this building behind me. there are people as we speak looking at it right now in an exhibition. when we're done, you all can go around to the open entrance, go inside the museum, see all the wonderful collections we have on display. but also see that star spangled banner flag, the flag talked about in our national anthem. when francis scott key saw that same flag flying 200 years ago, he was inspired to hand write a
poem in a manuscript. believe it or not, that manuscript is also on display in this building, inside the national museum of american history. the original 1814 manuscript of our national anthem. the stewards of that manuscript are the maryland historical society. i would like to introduce you to the president and ceo of the historical society. he's a singular historian and interpreter and it's largely due to his efforts that the manuscript and the flag have been brought together for the first time in 200 years. as a matter of fact, probably closer to each other than they have ever been before. so please join me in welcoming mr. burt kummerow. [ applause ] >> how exciting it is to be here
among this great american music, particularly the carter family. very exciting. good afternoon, everyone. and this wonderful, glorious day, this flag day. we at the maryland historical society are honored to be sharing our star spangled banner manuscript written by francis scott key on september 16th, 1814. today, as these two american icons, the giant flag and tiny document are joined for the very first time, i have a short story to tell you. no one in baltimore knew what to expect when dawn broke september 14th, 1814. the night had been stormy, violent, enemy bridge ships, so-called bomb vessels named meteor, volcano, aetna, and
devastation, have been lobbying 200-pound exploding bombs at ft. mchenry for 20 hours straight. screaming rockets were lighting up the gloomy darkness. the americans were returning fire from gun batteries lying in the shore. it had been quite a show for baltimore, noisy, terrifying, and hypnotic. every american within range, soldier, or private citizen was watching anxiously from roof and hilltop alike. the future of baltimore and perhaps the young united states republic itself were hanging in the balance. ever since 1812 when the u.s. declared war against the strongest nation, the fast growing port of baltimore and the chesapeake bay community had been prime targets. in the hot, stormy summer of 1814, nightmares came true. the u.s. capitol and the white house went up in flames.
the u.s. president fled for his life from the invading red coats, and now it was baltimore's turn. city residents knew that the british would show no quarter if they entered the city. fast baltimore clippers, privateers had been preying on enemy merchant ships throughout the entire war. the city would have been left in ruins if the invaders succeeded. two days earlier, desperate fighting at north point killed a british general, and faced with 15,000 entrenched and determined defenders with 100 cannons, the enemy land attack had already failed. but with ft. mchenry guarding the harbor fall under the fierce naval bombardment. would marines be in streets with burning torches? first light brought curiosity, nerves, and hope. thousands of eyes peered at the
point of land in the distance. suddenly, cheers started swelling up throughout the harbor. the flag was still there. one volunteer summed up the many tears of joy. we were filled with exaltation. at beholding the stars and stripes, still floating in the breeze. another witness watched from the british fleet where he was detained after negotiating the release of prisoners under a flag of truce. francis scott key, a successful 35-year-old lawyer and the new national capital was also a gentleman poet. within two days he put pen to paper vividly describing in four verses the well of emotions everyone felt at this very unlikely victory. set to a popular club song called the defense of fort mchenry, it was picked up by newspapers all over america and became the star spangled banner within a month.
with the giant flag that inspired it, remained popular, especially during public ceremonies. and in 1931, more than a century after the war that inspired it, president herbert hoover signed the bill that made it our national anthem. and today we are celebrating the winding 200-year journey that has brought a tiny piece of paper and giant flag together for the very first time. we celebrate the families of the 1814 defenders that saved these precious icons in their baltimore homes throughout the 19th century. the flag was displayed, hanging on buildings. souvenir pieces were snipped off and shared with honored guests. the manuscript was displayed in
a wall in a baltimore parlor. we celebrate the institutions in baltimore and washington that have conserved, displayed and interpreted flag and document throughout the 20th century. after more than a century, the flag is still the centerpiece of our national museum devoted to america's memory. at the maryland historical society in baltimore, our document is the focus of an 1812 exhibit that is second to none. and we celebrate mr. key's timeless words, four verses that not only discover that a garrison flag has survived the chaos of battle but also described those stars and stripes as symbols of peace and victory for a new nation that aspires to be the land of the free and the home of the brave. at the start of this busy star spangled maryland summer aimed at bicentennial baltimore in september, the 170-year-old maryland historical society founded in part by the 1814
defenders themselves, is very proud to share this special moment with the smithsonian, the national capitol, and the entire nation. take time out during the next two weeks. visit two of america's most important icons together for the first time here in the national museum of american history's beautiful flag chamberkyk0>ñvcñ you will discover that it is a once in a lifetime experience. thank you very much. [ applause ] >> thank you very much, mr. kummerow. now, i know we have a lot of people joining us all across the nation, all across the world via our webcast. but i want to take just a little moment to say something to the folks we have here. first off, how many people live in this area?
[ cheers and applause ] >> that's all i'm going to get, really? all right. how many people are natives of the washington, d.c. area. yes, yes, yes. as i'm sure all of you know, we right here in the nation's capital have some of our own regional favorites and local styles. and we certainly appreciate the star spangled banner. we have a bit of a treat for you today because we have a group with local connections. they're from right up the road in potomac, maryland. anybody from potomac? yeah, we got a couple of people. that's great. as a bonus for you guys, they're actually smithsonian folkways recording label artists. smithsonian folkways supports cultural diversity and increased understanding through sound. and i think you will like the sound they make. they have been featured at concerts, television, radio, even on the national mall during the american roots fourth of july celebration. i know you're going to love
♪ ♪ when i get the blues going to get me a rocking chair ♪ ♪ when i get the blues, gonna get me a rocking chair ♪ ♪ gonna rock, rock mama gonna rock away from here ♪ ♪ got the blues so bad it help hurts my tongue to talk ♪ ♪ got the blues so bad it hurts my tongue to talk ♪ ♪ ♪ got the blues so bad ♪ ♪
♪ i love to hear my baby call my name ♪ ♪ ♪ i love to hear my baby call my name ♪ ♪ ♪ well, she called me so easy and call me so slow ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ well the blues ain't nothing but a poor man feeling bad ♪ ♪ ♪ i said the blues ain't nothing but a poor man feeling bad ♪ ♪ the worst old feeling that i believe i ever had ♪ ♪
♪ ♪ hurry mama bring my lollipop ♪ ♪ ♪ i said hurry mama and bring my lollipop ♪ ♪ i want to rock with the crock ♪ [ applause ] >> thank you. thank you so much. >> thank you very much. >> many thanks to a little bit of blues. the star spangled banner. immortalized the bombardment at ft. mc4e7bry in baltimore 200 years ago. we have citizens of baltimore joining us online today, right there and some of them are from ft. mchenry the national site which is a national park service site. they're hosting a watch party.
i hope you guys are having as much fun there as we are here. and our next speaker actually represents the people of baltimore. first, as the city's mayor. and now, in his second term, as governor of maryland. he's co-chair of the council of governors, was appointed to the first-ever such council by president barack obama. it is my privilege to introduce to you all today the honorable governor, martin o'malley. >> thank you very, very much. my name is martin o'malley, i'm the governor of maryland. and it is a great honor to be here with all of you today on behalf of the people of maryland. people who in both of our country's wars of independence played such a central role. not only geographically, not only militarily, but also spiritually.
in helping us to realize and to define for ourselves what it meant to be an american. and one of the more poignant stories told of the commissioning of our giant star spangled banner. when major arm stead and sam smith went to marry pinke pinkersgill's home to commission this huge huge flag. it was sewn to the not only by her and her daughters but also by a young 13-year-old african-american indentured servant girl. picture that. black hands, white hands, sewing together the stars and stripes. and i would submit to you that the thread that held that flag together then is the thread that holds it together now. and it is the thread of human dignity. of neighbors helping neighbors.
of neighbors believing in neighbors. and believing in what we could accomplish together. one out of five of the defenders of baltimore when that shock and awe force that had leveled washington turned on our city, one out of five of the defenders were african-american citizens. of a still as yet very imperfect country. 50% of the defenders of baltimore were immigrants or the sons and daughters of immigrants. but together, without regard to class, or race, they dug trenches around our city. they held their ground. they defended this place. our place. the united states. just as the flag was made stronger by the individual threads so, too is our country today. made stronger by the individual threads of each of our stories. remind your children in this bicentennial year when we are
the first generation of americans to have experienced attacks on the continental united states, we are the first generation of americans to have felt what it was like to have our government buildings attacked, remind your children that freedom is not free. and that our country's greatness is found in one another. that's what the star spangled banner is about. that's what this commemoration year is about. to tell that story. and to lift every voice. and to sing. thank you. >> thank you very, very, governor o'malley for those words. when francis scott key wrote his famous words, or the land of the free, many people living in the land had no freedom. the march towards right and equality had come to symbolize
the american spirit for generations of people and continued to even today. james weldon and john rosemond johnson immortalized this struggle in a song. a very special song, that has come to be associated with the african-american civil rights movement but whose lyrics speak to folks of all different cultures and backgrounds, much like the words of our national anthem, the star spangled banner. please welcome at this time the composer and conductor, visionary in music education, he's the founder of the national award winning young people's courts. they won the nation's highest honor for youth programs. the national arts program award and were presented this award by first lady michelle obama at the white house. he's also a mcarthur genius fellowship recipient. mr. francisco nunez, to conduct the black national anthem, lift up your voice and sing.
♪ ♪ lift up your voice and sing ♪ lift up your voice and sing ♪ sing lift every voice and sing a song ♪ ♪ lift up your voice in song sf ♪ ♪ stony the road we trod bitter the chastening rod ♪ ♪ felt in the days when hope unborn had died ♪ ♪ yet with a steady beat have not our weary feet ♪ ♪ come to the place for which our fathers sighed ♪
♪ amen [ applause ] >> thank you so much, everyone. it's truly great to come together in song with such amazing performances. here at the national museum of american history, we have our own very rich and musical collection. prince's guitar. tito fuentes' drum. several stradivarius strings are all in our collection. and those collections and performances represent all genres and eras of american music.
of course, if you're going to collect and interpret american music, you have to have jazz. and so what i'd like to do for you all today is introduce our orchestra in residence. they are going to help us celebrate the year 1931. now this is a very important year. not just because jazz was king in 1931. with venues like the cotton club and big bands with exuberant and lege legendary band leaders like duke ellington and others. but also because 1931 is the year that the star spangled banner was adopted as our national anthem. so don't say you didn't learn anything from this program we had today. so, here are the smithsonian jazz master works orchestra under the artistic director of charlie young and executive producer kim killer performing for you a jazz classic from that year, 1931, cab callaway's many the mooch chi.
[ applause ] >> we want to thank francisco nunez so much for conducting. i got the opportunity to hang out with him earlier today and yesterday, and he really is amazing. and we really appreciate him coming so please give him another hand, if you will. [ cheers and applause ] yes! and also, you guys, we have some real brave folks up here on the stage who have been braving this hot sun this whole time. our choir here is wonderful. please give them another hand. [ applause ] that was a mambo from west side story conducted by francisco nunez. and featuring our choir here.
and also featuring our united states air force band. today -- yes, please. [ applause ] today the members of the united states air force band and singing sergeants are representing all the men and women of the armed forces who do we have any veterans or military personnel here today and even watching us? can you please everyone if you will stand and recognize them with a hand? [ applause ] service for your selfless sacrifice we really want to appreciate that and to pay tribute to all of our veterans today, especially those who have given the ultimate sacrifice in service to our nation. here's technical sergeant daniel anderson, and united states air
force band performing last full measure of devotion. which will be followed by irving berlin's god bless america. ♪ ♪ in the long and dark history of america ♪ ♪ there are names that shine like beacons in the night ♪ ♪ patriots whose vision gave us meaning ♪ ♪ kept the lamp of freedom burning bright ♪ ♪ in the long and dotted history
♪ that's what they gave to the cause ♪ ♪ the last measure of devotion and though they cannot hear our applause ♪ ♪ we honor them forever and keep alive their struggles ♪ ♪ pay tribute to their lives, and give them all the glory ♪ ♪ the last full measure of devotion beyond the call of duty were their deeds ♪ the last full measure of devotion ♪ ♪ they gave themselves to serve a greater need ♪ ♪ and those who did survive and came back home alive ♪
woodstock but born in romania, an accomplished member of the tradition of american expression rock 'n' roll and i understand that she has a brother on the capital police force right here in washington, d.c. here to prove the words of woody guthrie's timeless ode to the american spirit, this land is your land, please welcome kristen capolino. ♪ ♪ this land is your land this land is my land ♪ ♪ from california to the new york island ♪ ♪ from the redwood forest to the gulf stream waters ♪ ♪ this land was made for you and me ♪
for you and me ♪ ♪ [ applause ] >> thank you. >> thank you, kristen. i'd like to ask all of our speakers, all of our guests and performers to join me on stage, please. because it's just about that time for us to sing together. you know 200 years ago when the british marched and sailors sailed on baltimore francis scott lee, a lawyer sent to negotiate a prisoner exchange was on the british ship and witnessed that attack.
the bombardment of ft. mchenry. imagine how his worry turned to joy in the morning when the smoke began to clear and high above the fort he saw the red, white and blue of a hand-sewn wool flag waving strongly. declaring that the young nation was still sovereign. i'd like to invite all of our speakers as well as all of you here and everyone watching us online, in honor of all those who have served our country, soldiers, officials, teachers, doctors, tradesmen, friends, parents, children, visitors, everyone who appreciates the ideals and cultures of freedom on which we stand to join with me and all my friends here in song this flag day for the 200th year of its existence, please stand and sing with me the united states national anthem, the star spangled banner. ♪
♪ o say, can you see by the dawn's early light ♪ ♪ what so proudly we hailed at the twilight'sh@@@@úrñ last gleaming? ♪ ♪ whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight ♪ ♪ o'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? ♪ ♪ and the rockets' red glare the bombs bursting in air ♪ ♪ gave proof through the night that our flag was still there ♪ ♪ oh, say, does that
>> we want to wish the star spangled banner a happy 200th birthday and we hope there will be 200 more to come, obviously. i want to thank you all, all of you watching on our webstream, all of you here today, i'd like to thank all of our partners including everyone who is on the stage up here with me. let's give all these wonderful conductors, performers, our men and women in the united states air force a big hand. [ applause ] as well as the smithsonian institution, our partners here in washington, d.c., and all across the country. i ask that you please, before you leave, make sure to help keep our wonderful national mall clean by disposing of your trash in the appropriate places, and if there's trash that doesn't belong to anyone, please do us a favor and pick it up. it will really help out our folks at the park service as well as us here at the national museum of american history. once again my name is xavier. i thank you so much for joining us today here all around the nation and all around the world. thank you very much, guys. and be good.
all right? ♪ while congress is on break this month we've been showing programs normally seen weekends here on c-span3 during american history tv. and today we're featuring programs about music. and how it reflects the history of an area. up next world war i, and american music. author michael lasser talks about how world war i changed american music and the precedents these changes set for future wartime generations. after that music as a catalyst for social change, musicians made of staples and graham nash discuss the history of music and its role as a catalyst for change during the civil rights movement and beyond. then the smithsonian flag day ceremony from the american history museum on the national mall with music and speeches commemorating the 200th anniversary of the star spangled banner. with live coverage of the u.s. house on c-span and the senate
on c-span2, here on c-span3 we complement that coverage by showing you the most relevant congressional hearings, and public affairs events. then on weekends c-span3 is the home to american history tv with programs that tell our nation's story, including six unique series, the civil war's 150th anniversary. visiting battlefields and key events. american artifacts, touring museums and historic sites to discover what artifacts reveal about america's past. history bookshelf with the best-known american history writers. the presidency, looking at the policies and legacies of our nation's commanders in chief. lectures in history with top college professors delving into america's past and our new series real america featuring archival government and educational films from the 1930s through the '70s. c-span3. created by the cable tv industry, and funded by your local cable or satellite provider. watch us in hd, like us on facebook, and follow us on twitter. 100 years after the beginning of
what was called the great war, author michael lasser looks back at the music of world war i. he demonstrates how songs reflected the wartime experiences of soldiers and those back home from the sweethearts left behind to the soldiers returning to the front, and he argues that the music industry, including songwriters like irving berlin, contributed to the war effort by producing patriotic songs. this hour and 15 minute event was hosted by the president woodrow wilson house in washington, d.c. >> good evening to all of you. i'm bob enholm the executive director of the president woodrow wilson house, national trust historic site. we're a private charity supported by the donations of supporters, including many of you. for that, i thank you and thanks for being here this evening. this home is a home to which president and mrs. wilson moved the day they left the white house on march 4th, 1921.
they both lived hered rest of thur lives. president wilson passed away three years later. mrs. wilson remarkably lived here until 1961 and then upon her death left the home to the national trust for historic preservation. and so, it was opened as a public museum in 1963. we are now more than 50 years as an institution here in washington, d.c. it's good to see all of you here tonight. our program is entitled smile while you kiss me sad adieu, world war i songs. let me set the stage here and introduce the speaker. we like to say here, we like to remind people here that president wilson imagined the world at peace, and then proposed a plan to achieve that vision. that's a remarkable accomplishment when we think about it from the vantage point of our own lives 100 years later. but it's even more remarkable if
we transport ourselves back to his time, and think about the world in which he lived, and the ideas that were abroad at that time and the remarkable accomplishment that it was for him in the middle of a world war to imagine what the world ought to look like at peace. and to prepare that that should be our, sort of default position, that there ought to be a league of nations, and that people ought -- that nations ought not to engage in aggressive war. that trip back in time. we are surrounded in this room by gifts of state that president wilson received. one of the reasons he received so many spectacular gifts, frankly, is, first because he was the first american president to go to europe while he was in office. secondly, because the world so hoped for him to succeed in the mission he had taken on of ending the catastrophe that was world war i. i think it's hard for us to think now about how shocking
world war i was to the people who had to live through it. so, the music of that era, like this house, is something that can help transport us back to that time. i think, as you will see this afternoon, hearing from michael that we'll have a sense of the music that existed and the america that existed before the war and the music that reveals to us the america that came out of that war. you will see something of a transformation here. michael lasser is a lecturer, writer, broadcaster, critic and teacher about american music. i've written down because he's written two books i want to share with you and we have actually available after his lecture. and he's in the process of writing a third. he's the author of "america's songs 2" from the 1890s to the post war years. this is a companion piece to a book he wrote as a co-author, "america songs the stories behind the songs of broadway,
hollywood and tin panal li." so he sort of established himself as something of a songbird here. although i've heard that he's not going to be singing this evening. those of you who are here for that, sorry to disappoint you. he's working on a book called "the song is us, love lyrics and american life: 1900 to 1950." so i'm looking forward to that fourth volume about, you know, the whole urban hip-hop thing that i know he's such an expert on. we'll look forward to hearing from him this afternoon. he's a graduate of dartmouth college, he's been a professor at rollins college and has been lecturing on music and songs and america for about 30 years. so with that let me introduce michael lasser. [ applause ] >> thank you. thank you. thank you. i'm going to be treating songs as, in effect, documents.
that is when you listen to a song from your own time, somehow it's a mirror on that time. it reflects the attitudes of that time. more about love than anything else. attitudes toward love and romance and sex and marriage obviously change over the first half of the 20th century in case you hadn't noticed, take my word for it. songs reflect that. but, for us, 100 years after the songs of world war i, those songs are not a mirror. they serve, instead, as a window and let us look back on what people were thinking and feeling and how they behave. songs are a particularly good way to get at it because they have no aspiration, really, beyond having you like it well enough to buy it. irving berlin said a good song is one that 1e8s.
he was not simply saying i need more money because he was a multimillionaire when he said it. what he was saying was he trusted the judgments of the people. if you go out and buy my song for whatever it costs, 15 cents sheet music, 79 cents on an old 78 rpm record, it doesn't really matter. if you download it from the internet, you are, in effect, voting with your pocketbook. a good song is one that sells. it's really a democratic, lower case "d." point of view. i think you can make the case that the great songwriters, certainly from the first half of the 20th century, were democratic populists although they certainly didn't see themselves that way. the irony is they were millionaire democratic populists, and you don't encounter that very often.
they never lost their ability to pick up what was in the air. you know, when they walked down the street, they were listening for a catch phrase, some slang. when they read the newspapers, they were looking for a story that they could turn into a song. so, when war was declared, in 1914, at a time when tin pan ally had come into existence, and was flowering, it was blooming. you all know what tin pan alley was. you're all nodding. tell me then. what was tin pan alley? notice how the room just changed. what was tin pan alley? yes, ma'am? >> the neighborhood in a particular block, i think. >> okay, let's -- let's look at more than geography, and get at the heart of what it was.
[ inaudible ] all right. the songwriters would gather there. yeah, they did. why? >> the songwriters would gather there. yeah, they did. why? [ inaudible ] >> no, no. it's where the music publishers were. most of the songwriters in the early years of the 20th century, the professional songwriters. i'm not talking charlie with a guitar and pencil. songwriters were under contract to the publishers. they would crank out what the market wanted because they were told to do so. that is tin pan alley is the home of music publishing in the united states between roughly -- again, you know with -- when you get into years in history, it's never very useful. they're arbitrary. roughly, 1895 to 1935.
give or take. during the '30s, the coming of talkies and musicals, the studios bought up the major publishing to move their main offices to california because they didn't want to bother paying royalties anymore. even though tin pan alley exist and became to be a term for generic popular music in its heyday it was located just off broadway in the west 20s, and it was where the songs came from by the thousands. these people did not sit around waiting for inspiration. it's a highly overrated gift. when you limit yourself to work produced by inspiration, you end up with a very, very small bibliography in your name. you make it happen. you force it.
some days you fill up waste baskets. occasionally you have a day when you don't. but you work. the coming of the war, even though we were determined to stay out of it, and i'm not going to do a whole history of isolationism because i'm here to talk about songs, not give you a the coming of the war was a boon to the song business. that is, publishers and songwriters did literally look around for markets to appeal to, and then look to a way to appeal to those markets. and with the coming of the war in europe, even though we were determined to stay out of it, there was not surprisingly a wave of patriotism in this country. and that started to produce songs because patriotism is exactly the kind of clear emotion that something as brief
as a song can do something with. remember that most of the songs i'm talking about, and most of the songs written during what's come to be known as the great american songbook, were 32 bars long. they fit on one side of a 78 rpm record. and if you're old enough to remember those, you know you could get, at most, 3 minutes and 20 seconds of music on a side. and then you flipped it over and had another 3 minutes and 20 seconds. and as a kid, i bought them for 79 cents. i don't know what you paid. and it wasn't until the late '40s that you get the lp, which promises you about 40 minutes of music. but still, if you're listening to a concerto or symphony, you have to flip it to get the whole symphony. when you bought an album of a
symphony on 78 rpm, first of all, it came with its own wheelbarrow it was so damn heavy. it was like a big book. you put it on the record player and every five minutes you had to change it to the next recording. so you never heard it whole, but you heard it, and that was the point. with the coming of the war, we started writing songs. and the first songs we wrote were about staying out of the war. you've got more songs on the list than i can ever play. i thought you'd like to see some titles. and on the list of lyrics, you've got more songs than i'm going to play because there wouldn't have been time for all of them. most of these songs are available. you can go to itunes or amazon. you can go to the public library. there are collections. i don't have any secret connections to find these songs.
they're out there if you want to hear songs of world war i, you can. are there as many available as there were in world war ii? of course not. the recording business was much more sophisticated. distribution was much more effective. there were many more people making recordings in world war ii. but they were -- by the way, there is one song on the list i want to point out to you, apropos if nothing, because it's a good story. under 1918, you will see a song called "smile and show your dimple" by irving berlin, who sometimes i think wrote every song. and the others are just -- and the other people like george gershwin and porter are just pseudo-berlins. 17 is it? okay. thank you. does anybody happen to know the song "smile and show your dimple"? don't sing it.
no, no, i didn't mean that. i mean, i want to surprise them. he published it. it did not do well. he pulled it and put it back in his trunk. songwriters do that. they never throw anything away. at least these songwriters never threw anything away. rogers & heart wrote new lyrics to the song that became "blue moon" four different times before it finally took. they never give up on a song. that doesn't mean they all succeed eventually, but sometimes they do. so berlin pulled the song. and then in 1932, he was trying to write an act one finale for a show called "as thousands cheer," a review, a political review, during the depression. they couldn't come up with a song. and he remembered this song from world war i. and he pulled it, and he listened to it. and he said, yeah, that will do. and he wrote a new lyric for it. would you like to sing with me? ♪ in your easter bonnet
♪ smile and show your dimple ♪ you'll find it's very simple it's about a young woman who has kissed her dough boy good-bye. she's standing on the train platform crying. someone older sees her and tries to comfort her, smile and show your dimple. buck up, he's coming home. and we're going to go beat the kaiser, that sort of thing. anyway, i thought you would like to know that. apropos. isn't that a neat story? the first song to become a hit in world war i, and by the way, it is thought to be our most musical war. more songs in response to the war than any other war in american history. again, because tin pan alley was so explosively productive. there was a young woman who wrote a song, and there were a number of songs like this.
i'm not going to play this one, i'm just going to mention it, because the only recording i can find was so bad in quality, you wouldn't have been able to get the words. but i did include the words for you. it's called, the very first one -- yeah -- no, it's the second one, "we take our hats off to you mr. wilson," written by a woman named blanche merrill who was a teenager when she wrote it. she went on to become a professional songwriter, known for writing specialty material for fannie bryce in the zigfield follies. the songs at the beginning of the war are clearly about not getting in. but they become much more personal than that. you know, we take our hats off to you, mr. wilson, is a kind of generalized salute. it's the kind of thing a group marches down the street singing. and popular songs now had to do that. but popular songs are mainly good at the emotionalism that
exists between two people. in all of the history of popular music in this country, probably 98% of the songs have two characters in them. i and you. and then it's about what's going on, or not, between us. so a more typical song is when you start getting into the intense personal emotions. now, in world war -- i'm sorry, in the civil war, young men going off to war, never having been away from home before and very young. and it was a much less sophisticated country. a lot of them farm boys. a lot of them immigrants. an awful lot of the union army spoke with an irish accent during the civil war. they did fight a good part of
that war for the north. the songs of the civil war that were in effect love songs were about a boy and his mother. there were very few that were stories of romantic love. about how much i miss you, and i'll come home to you. or she's home saying, i'll be faithful. very few of those. there are some sentimental ballads like aura lee, and in the north and lorina in the south, which are songs of praise for an idealized woman. but that's as close as you come to it. in the civil war, they're mainly about mom. and junior is writing a letter home to his mother, that sort of thing. one of the best of them is a song called "just before the battle mother," which is a lovely song. during world war ii,p,