tv American History TV CSPAN March 6, 2016 11:28am-11:46am EST
>> welcome to the national museum of american jewish history in philadelphia, pennsylvania. i and the chief registrar and associate curator. i am happy to give you a tour. we are in the middle of independence mall in philadelphia. we are halfway between independence hall, where the nation got its start and the national constitution center which explored the founding documents of the nation. anlike to think that we are example of what happens when a people are allowed to live in liberty. one of the big stars in our , thistion is right here is correspondence between george washington and the jewish congregation of newport, rhode island. these are on load -- loan from
the morgan foundation. in august of 1790, washington traveled to newport to thank the community for ratifying the constitution, the last state to ratify. -- including the jewish community of newport, and this is the address that was read out loud to washington that day. afterwards, washington would write back to the congregation, a very eloquent letter confirming his belief that the new nation -- his commitment to religious tolerance in the new nation. it is one of the founding documents for american jewish history and a very important thing for us to have on display.
artifacts help us tell stories about history in a way that we can't get out of books. when you are standing in front of an artifact, there is a very different experience from when you are reading a book. you are there, communing with this thing, you are a direct witness to history that you are learning about and it is a special experience. >> all weekend long, american history tv is joining our partners to >> all weekend long, american draining our time warner cable partners to an amp, the history of california. we continue to look at the history of anaheim. ringing]
[cheering] measurenk it is hard to the economic growth of knott's and disneyland -- of knott's berry farm and disneyland .oming-of-age they completely change the focus of tourism in orange county. a lot of resentment is generated on the back of parks like knott's and disneyland. ♪ [applause] who come to this happy place, welcome. disneyland is your land. we live found memories of
the past and here, youth sees the promise of the future. >> no, anaheim did not start on july 15, 19 55 when disney opened. communityive, vibrant long before them. southern california was known as -- valencia orange centric business. it was the center of the citrus business nationally. we had nine packing houses. these packing houses employed the community. ofy facilitated the growth anaheim, the growth of this industry. these were well loved. by the 1950's, most of them had closed down. calledy that we simply
.d. started toor q hit the southern california the 1940's,try in close to the start of world war ii. quick decline,f we were losing up to 200 orange trees a month. this was devastating. other things were happening that really reset the dominance of citrus to other economies here in southern california. not only were we losing a key industry we had light california,southern anaheim, specifically. this was all prior to 1953. significant a dozen
industries prior to an animator from hollywood who came looking for a location to build a theme park. we did not even know what the theme park was then. these ranchers, who were now may the loss oferation, their land for development -- there was no water. it used to be you would drill a well and you could pump what you wanted. now that was managed by the orange county water district, so x, and the pump ta value of the land was changed by how they taxed it. you were not taxed to the value of the agriculture. you were taxed by the value of what it could be, what it could become. to getnot a hard push them to give up their land that may have been held by the families for generations.
i think some people coming into loss --today might might moan about the loss of citric culture. there was no moaning by the in theindustry owners 1950's. they were more than happy to sell their property for development. that indeed was the reality. disneyland is dedicated to the ideals and the hard facts that have created america with the hope that it will be a source of joy to behold world. fantasyland castle in the name of the children of the world. ♪
>> welt, first and foremost, was a father. he wanted to create a place that was safe and clean, a place he would like to have brought his own daughters too. thatisneyland was a place was great and innovative and have these fantastic ways of bringing stories to live for families of all ages. that is why he wanted to create disneyland. the reason he chose anaheim is an interesting story. he originally wanted to build burbank, near where we have our studios and create our films, but there was not enough land there. went to buzzey for theho worked stanford research industry, and asked him to look at where in southern california they could
build disney world, and later he asked them to do the same work when they looked at a location for walt disney world -- while -- walt disney world. he found the anaheim had great locations not only for the freeways, but also a local airport. he pitched the idea to walt to come to anaheim. pretty soon we purchased 360 acres of orange and one that growth and that is where we build disneyland. when we build disneyland and it about in 1955, there were 14,500 people who lived in anaheim. california's 10th largest city. we were really excited and leaders choseity walt's vision for the location of the park, because here we are , very, very proud to be part of the anaheim community. walte history books say,
invited a small number of people to experience the park on the very first day and someone tickets, andinted 30,000 people showed up that first day. it was a really hot summer day and we had just finished the park, literally hours before. so, the streets were -- the heart was a little -- the tar was a little difficult for women who wore heels at that time to walk in. it was not the perfect opening to this place, but even with all of those circumstances, people knew this was someplace special. [children screaming] chess but think you can build a i thinktraight -- >>
you can build a pretty straight line from the development of being more offarm an agricultural hotbed to tourism. what was unique about their growth, it embraced part of agriculture. being called knott's berry farm automatically gave it really great deep roots to its community. they were not shunning the past. and his wife cordelia had a farm. it was working. they grew all sorts of things. in the 1920's, walter knott, who aficionado, heard about this berry created by this guy that was a hybrid and was a new, unnamed berry. walter heard about this, brought
them to the farm, and in the 1930's, he began cultivating and brought a species back to life. from there, his wife cordelia started making pies and preserves from this new berry, which walter named boysenberry, in honor of the man who created the hybrid. people came here to eat mrs. knott's wonderful food. people would come in such droves. walt had this idea, we've got to entertain these people. tore was the curiosity, just occupy people waiting for food. eventually, that grew into a thing park of sorts, but was almost accidental growth. they did not plan on that kind of park, but it happened just as
a means of satisfying people who came here to eat. county began getting developed in earnest -- this was a lot ofs when we had technology companies moving down here, aerospace companies and things, all of a sudden, and disneyland had an incredible uptick in visitors because it was easier to get here. of have the development freeways and automobile culture definitely help to the parks. now the people or not coming here, but it was easier. all of a sudden from los angeles, you would be here in 40 minutes. it was not all side streets and back roads. the start, the city of anaheim has been a tremendous disneylandf having in the city. it started off, there was only 14,500 people when the park opened. the economic boost that had
having tourism come to anaheim enabled the city to do a lot of different things. so, we are very fortunate they had the foresight to support not only the original disneyland waltgreen -- dream that had, but as we expanded, they have been great partners in supporting that expansion. is my besturist friend. if they come to my hometown, i want to embrace them. it's probably not high on their interest list. probably disneyland or the ducks or an angel game, and if we cannot keep them in town, they might go down to huntington beach and watch the surfers and the girls playing volleyball. provideif we can
something of interest to the tourists and get them tuesday in anaheim, i'm very pleased. get them to stay in anaheim, i'm very pleased. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2016] >> our cities tour staff recently traveled to anaheim, california, to learn about its rich history. learn more about anaheim and other stops on our two or at www.c-span.org/citiestour. you're watching american history tv. all weekend, every weekend on c-span 3. ♪ >> i'm a teacher, so the most important thing to me right now isan issue in this election education. in looking closely at programs on education. i'm not happy the last 15 years or so, the poor standards in the common core that has been
happening. so, i'm going to vote for either bernie sanders or hillary clinton. i'm happy with both of those choices and i'm interested to see whether education plans would turn out to be. >> i decided i am voting for ted cruz for the candidacy because he is a constitutional scholar. he is eloquent. and he is principled, consistently out of all of the candidates so far. >> i am a history buff. ofo enjoy seeing the fabric our country and how things -- just how they work and how they are made. >> i love american history tv. "americandency," that's a great show. >> i had no idea they did history. that's something i would probably love. >> i'm a c-span fan.
>> up next on american history harvey schwartz talks about his book, "building the golden gate bridge: a workers' oral history." he showed pictures of the laborers and spoke about their testimonies of harsh weather, safety procedures, and work conditions during the great depression. this program is about an hour. george: welcome to the commonwealth club. i would like to welcome our live audience here in san francisco and our radio and online audiences, and it is my great pleasure to welcome harvey schwartz, the author of "building the golden gate bridge: a workers' oral history", dug into the history of who worked on the bridge, how they did it, what they accomplished, what trials they faced, and also the people who maintained this bridge for us. it is obviously an iconic bridge here