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tv   Womans Suffrage Parade Centennial Clip  CSPAN  January 22, 2017 5:49pm-6:01pm EST

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many years and listen to you all, given the great uncertainty in the international sphere today, i came away from this day thinking, it could've been a lot worse. thank god. thank you again. thank you. [applause] >> you are watching american history tv. 48 hours of programming on american history every weekend on c-span3. follow us on twitter at c-span history for information on our schedule and to keep up with the latest news. on march 3, 1913, the day before president woodrow wilson's inauguration, over 5000
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women paraded down pennsylvania avenue towards the white house, in the first of its kind demonstration for the right to vote. as thousands watched, some women were insulted and attacked by a mop, resulting in over 200 injuries and called for the u.s. army to subdue the crowd. american history tv attended the celebration of the event and interviewed disappearance -- participants. it was organized by the sorority. day march 3, 1913, they participated in the suffrage march for women to get the right to vote, even before african-americans. women who were social activists in their own date and time. as undergraduate students, they had to get a chaperone to leave camp this. 100 years ago, we did not have freedom movement. was the onlyheta
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african-american organizations that participated in the original suffrage march. >> i'm the presiding bishop of the ame church in the state of texas. my grandmother was one of the 22 founders of alta sigma theta sorority. at howard university she was a student. she really believed in communities service. that is what our purpose is to read this is just an exciting day for us to trace the footsteps of our founders. this is a great day for our family to be able to walk the same path that our grandmother walked. woo hoo. the director of the museum. >> i am the correction and facilities manager.
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tot: could you explain viewers what is happening here, compared to what happened when hundred years ago? >> the difference between today and 100 years ago is the calmness of the parade. 100 years ago the parade was not a parade so much a riot. the police refused to protect the marchers. as the marchers progressed down their planned parade route, the crowd got larger and larger, they wear very unruly, they started to throw things at the women, they shouted things, they told them to go home. a variety broke out. not just that, street cars continue to empty people into the already packed crowd. the crowd got larger and larger, and more aggressive. the women could not go forward. the police were not involved. the secretary of defense called out the ft. myers cavalry to push back the unwritten -- unruly crowds of the women could
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continue their first amendment right. >> at the end of the day over 100 women had to go to the hospital because of their injuries. today, this is a wonderful, peaceful assembly. it is how far we have come in 100 years. the first time a civil rights parade occurred in washington. what is remarkable is alice paul was down here with the delegation, which had been pushing for women's suffrage on a day by day basis. what you see with this parade is the movement for federal amendment to the constitution. it is the start of the real movement that really drove us to the 19th amendment, which gave women the right to vote. host: what was the status of the state-by-state effort? >> 10 states had given the women right to vote. it lost a lot of steam during cuts protesting a sitting president was seen as
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unpatriotic. which makes what alice paul did all the more inflammatory and significant. shortly after the 1913 parade, you get into world war i. alice paul and the nwp kidded wilson with wilson's own wards words.banners -- own we now consider it to be common. >> at that point, the women were actually jailed. they were jailed for affecting traffic because they were picketing in front of the white house. see were not allowed to their families, or communicate with their families. several were kept in solitary confinement. thrown to then, ground, given oatmeal with farms in it. they were living under very deplorable conditions. public sentiment started to turn and people started to realize that the women were starting -- fighting for something that should be pushed through. at that point, president wilson
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was able to be brought on board, and the 19th amendment was passed as a war measure. it was a way to unite the country, men and women to fight for democracy abroad. she rode on a white horse and let the marchers down pennsylvania avenue. there was 5000 women that march. it quickly turned into a right. of the afternoon was lost. today we are celebrating, which is wonderful to come together with so many women's organizations, including the deltas. alice paul chose the date very deliberately. it was march 3, 1913, the day before woodrow wilson took his first oath of office for his first inauguration as president. the city was full of people that were here to see the president. one of the most wonderful things
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in the collection is the book that has two photographs, side-by-side. women the left has marching with rain all around. on the right easy orderly, military style parade that to face for president wilson's inauguration. if we go back to the parade in 1913, what was the immediate reaction after that? >> the headlines for the newspapers immediately after the parade are incredible. a savings like, parade full of galaxies of suffrage beauties of salted on street corners. the headlines we would consider to be ridiculous. the public sentiment was part of incredible shift. before suffrage was considered this movement of old women, women who were spinsters and unattractive and unintelligent.
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with this parade, the newspaper saw the suffrage movement as headed by young, vibrant, intelligent, engage, educated women who wanted to take their rightful place in a democracy. do you compare the way this city and the police handled was happened then to now, at the beginning of the change of how protesters handled? when alice paul applied for the protest permit to march in washington dc, she could not get shortlynce until before. he refused to turn off the streetcars. a continued to disgorge people into the already packed crowds. people kept pushing, and king, and pushing in. as a result of the terrible injuries that happened that day, the police know that they need to block off streets and prevent
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additional people from pushing against a crowd that is watching a march. [singing] travels toan bus local schools, colleges and universities across the country. recently our bus. in hampton, virginia visiting students at hampton high school. here is a video students made about our visit. >> it is pretty hard to miss the c-span bus. inside, students are receiving informational session about c-span's mission. c-span less goes around the nation speaking to high schools, colleges, universities and political gatherings. let's take an inside look. >> what do c-span stand for? c-span>> cable satellite public
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affairs network. the way they laid it out was very awesome. we reached out to students through email. and wrote a one paragraph statement about what this experience would mean to them. many of them responded in terms of their career interest and others in media. others in response to their questions about how the recent campaign of 2016 occurred and how c-span was a part of that effort. of hamptontudents high school had never heard about c-span, we want them to come on the bus and went. public created as a service to the community. our goal is educational and community outreach. if they come on, they can learn about c-span and how to use it in the classroom as a resource. opportunities for internships. we just want them to be involved, engaged and get their
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voices heard. not be afraid to learn about government and how they can make a difference. go across the nation with this bus. we are excited that it will be an interactive experience for the kids to see what is going on behind the scenes. >> my the same bus as ben carson, bernie sanders, and learn how i can do political research. >> if i need any political advice, and i need any information on issues, that i can go to a nonpartisan site and it will tell me all i need to know. >> approximately 150 students had the opportunity to tour the bus care they learned information they can use in the classroom and at home. until next time, i'm xavier williams. >> on the road with the c-span bus. >>

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