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tv   Sugar Hill Neighborhood Walking Tour  CSPAN  March 19, 2017 3:22pm-3:39pm EDT

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before violence erupted in the city. all the things that he was sitting -- saying came true. think he was a voice for progressive politics for the african-american community. which was not in the majority at the time. he provided a different voice than will you would have read in other newspapers. there was a political coalition and town between fusion and republicans as well as the african-american population that managed to gain political power back. they had power through a lot of the 1890's. inre was a power base here wilmington for whites and people of color. >> a weekend american history tv is featuring wilmington, north
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carolina. recentlys staff visited many sites showcasing the history. was namedhat the city after the first earl of england. when more about wilmington, north carolina all weekend here. >> we are here in the neighborhood called sugar hills. it got its name because of the prominent african-americans who live here that were doctors, teachers, dressmakers, shoe carpenters, was a beautiful neighborhood. it still is a beautiful neighborhood. , it is ae old houses close community. after the civil war, african-americans were flocking to this area because of
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opportunity. there was a great need for medical help, there was a need for rebuilding. that is why you will find a lot taxrchitectural and carbon -- carpenters, you will find them here. you will find their history here in wilmington. after the devastation of the civil war, wilmington had to be built back up again. walk going to take a through the cobble streets of sugar hill. we will be in the different 1865 until 1890 three. here on the corner, in the front of
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saint stephen's african american up this couple church. it was built in 1865 by three people. three african-americans as well as slaves. originally an african-american cemetery that was donated by william campbell. until 1865, campbell square was used as a cemetery fort slaves. of 1865,latter part the methodists and a biscuit alters communities separated from the walnut street location and began building saint stephen's amd. i feel so full. i feel full because when you think about slaves, they would,
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here and exercise before they began with the assisting of the church. when you go back and you think about what it took, what it took in order for them to lay a foundation here on fifth. remove theem to corpses and bodies and relocating them. they had to lay a foundation before they could even build. the church has been in operation from 1865 until today. corner we havehe the johnson house, this is a green and white house. , he liberatedders him and gave him several slave boys.
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study the architects wilmington, you will see this is more instrumental to education. he was a planter, he had several slaves. was mulatto. that means his child was born from a slave mother. wealthiestof the african americans. that it was how he had his fortune. he had several daughters who
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were teachers, he was an educator, he believed in education. he used his money to set up a school. he was almost killed, during his time of 1860 african-americans were not permitted to read and write. there were many butcan-americans who could they talk. it was not made public. we are now out front of the bellamy mansion, a few blocks from sugar hell. significant during the civil war. shortly after the civil war, the union came into wilmington, they took control of the mansion which was fortunate for his
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family, they were not at home or it say union seized the bellamy house, from there they issued administrative orders. sick ork care of the the wounded there. designed by james francis cold. some of the neighbors such as , he was one ofly the builders of the bellamy mansion. andvalentine house family is in artist. there are many slaves and free african-americans that built them bellamy mansion. 1898 was an event that took place here in wilmington where
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the republican party, which was an all-black party, that party formed shortly after the civil war. black people were very proud, they are very proud to take on the role of leadership. they have always felt confident and capable. blacks took office in leadership once the civil war was won by the union army. they held a lot of key positions. -- oweduller own money money. thats rumored for a while the whites wanted him out of town because they owed him so much money. we are standing in front of the home of thomas miller. who wasne of the ones
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given a ticket and pushed out of of the era the african-american community formed the color people committee. in that committee they were told how to speak how to walk. as well as maintaining a good morality, become learned in a skill. leadershiphey had roles in the community. they had to put their best foot forward. started a coup d'etat with inflammatory remarks that were made into a newspaper. it was the observer and it was the daily record. the ultimatum was issued by the governor that certain people had to leave wilmington. if they did not leave wilmington, something what happened.
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they pretty much wanted the daily record shut down. because alexander manley was mulatto, he spoke very well. they did not like that. they started out with burning the daily record which is located on the south side of town. live ofas taking a people here in wilmington. there are a lot of stories and accounts of how many lives were lost here in wilmington. a lot of the businesses of african-americans that were owned downtown were no longer occupied from the downtown location and were most closer to the inner city. was their business men who were chased out of wilmington but there was ministers.
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ministers is a minister of central baptist church. he was running the graveyard, he if he wasilled brought to the graveyard. it washiding out because alexander manley they were after. was the reverend who gave alexander manley a place to set up his newspaper. the whites were very angry whitee they were not a man. there was not white people in charge. by african-americans that live in the city. whites were very angry about that kind of power. declaration and
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they called the white declaration of independence that they issued that blacks would never be in leadership in wilmington again. it was done to this community. in the mid-1900s there were physicians that saw the need for hospitals. there was dire need for africans because americans were dying, they were not receiving health care. dr. foster burnett was the founder of the first african american school of nursing. was also a civil rights activist who integrated the city of wilmington. they both practice medicine out 1923.s house from 1819 to
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they provided health care, to all of the community's medical needs as well as social needs. house they have a ,tate-of-the-art surgery pharmacy and radiology. you have to have a thorough environment, you have to have instrumentation, you have to have this. for the african-american to see this on their houses it was not enough. they came together as a group of concerned citizens and physicians who wanted to practice their profession. they came together to form the community hospital. it was located right across the street. the hospital is no longer standing, it is full of nursing
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staff. foundation honors the andcy of dr. foster burnett the rest in our community. they have many awards of recognition. in the african-american we wanted to recognize him for the things that he has done in our community. we are here in downtown wilmington, we are standing in front of the 1898 monument that by the sculptor of this beautiful monument here. in monument was erected 2008.
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it is a symbol of atonement for the city of wilmington. ont cody got the took place , thiser the 10th in 1898 atonement was a process. whenrocess began in 1890 the state of north carolina had issued a grant for the community to have it set of studies. they can see what is happening, to increase friendship amongst the different races of people. memorial paddles represents water. ofer is an african symbol peace. the race relationship in
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been her greatly. at one time it was something that was quiet, it was used as a whatof determination on could happen again. with this symbol of the paddles standing here in the heart of downtown wilmington it lets the community know that the state of north carolina and the topendents of the 1898 the are very remorseful about what took place here in the african-american community. lets our charter communications and cable partners work with our cities staff when we travel to wilmington, north carolina. it is located on the banks of the cape fear river.


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