tv Thomas Jeffersons University of Virginia Papers CSPAN April 15, 2017 11:20am-11:36am EDT
thursday, we will continue with personal profiles of president trump's cabinet including tom price, ben carson, and scott pruitt. this is something that should be celebrated. >> friday, maria shriver testifies on aging. to curesearch alzheimer's disease. >> studying women and getting more women into clinical trials could lead to the cure for all of us. next week at 8:00 on c-span. >> we are at the rotunda at the university of virginia. we take you to the special collections library to learn more about the thomas jefferson papers. >> jefferson is the founder of
uva. he worked many years to develop the system of education in virginia. uva was his last great project. he did it after he left the white house. he designed the buildings and the curriculum. chair of therst board of visitors. he was intimately involved as you will see in a lot of details about building the buildings. called an academic village. if you look at his plans for the university, at the time a lot of universities consisted of one very big building for classes were held and there were dormitory rooms. jefferson's idea was to make a village out of it, with students
living here the professors and classes being given in the professors homes. there was constant interaction of students and faculty. charlottesville, and in the 1820's there was a small town, a village really. if you think about these amazing buildings that went up in the early 1820's in the middle of nowhere, it was part of his ideal of the united states as an agrarian society and the elite becoming leaders of the country. the university archives are the official historical records of the university. they go back to long before the university was chartered in 1819. 1814, back tok to
the institutions that preceded uva. the archives are about 4 million items. it's the records of the president, the dean's, the provosts, the library, every facet of the university. it's paper, sound recording, video recording, digital material, email, websites. anything that is a historic record of the university we try to capture. some go back to 1817. this is a letter that jefferson thorton 1817 to william , who was the man he assigned to work on the capital building. they were very good friends. anderson wrote to thought about the idea of the university.
he included a little sketch of what he was thinking, and open civiliansangle with interspersed with dormitory rooms. there was no more detail than that. firsts one of his very conceptions of the university. it's a basic part of the idea, but it changed dramatically between the time he drew the sketch and when the university was completed. it was nine years after the sketch, the university was completed in 1826. each of the 10 pavilions were inhabited by a professor and they taught their classes there in the pavilion. they lived among the students and the students lived adjacent to the faculty. that was jefferson's idea that the proximity would result in
all kinds of educational and intellectual exchange. 7.s is pavilion it was the first building construction. it is now a faculty club. this was constructed for the -- before the university was constructed. , andd this drawing elevation and floor plan for each of the 10 pavilions. see he didn't quite get his scale rate. on a small piece of paper to put on the chimney stack. i like that. it makes a more human to make a mistake like that. this is an example, the ground floor pavilion was here. this is the seller.
the upstairs of be the living room for the family and the lower floor was where the cooking happened and where some of the slaves who worked for professors would've lived. neoclassicalt is and he was very interested in classical architecture. one of his big sourcebooks was in english. it came out in 1721. to drawthose inspiration, especially for the various billions. each one is different. he wanted the university to be an open-air classroom. you can walk around and see the classical architecture and the different orders of architecture in different styles and features. that was part of what he wanted to have happen.
the university got off the ground officially in 1819 when the general assembly gave the university a charter. they gave the university funding to continue building the buildings. that is very critical, as it always is. this is a ledger that was maintained by the proctor, who was the chief operating officer of the university. it's his daybook. wrote down inyou coming in at going funds every day. of you would eventually transfer them officially to a ledger under the various funds. you would establish the balances. the great thing about this is the proctor made notes to himself about what some of these expenses were for. like a from a things
barrel of nails to 500 pounds of lumber to hauling bricks. uva, itortantly for shows you the source of the labor that was used to actually build the buildings. here on this page, the proctor has recorded payments that were made to individuals for the hire of their slaves. the slaves were actually named. time.s payment for his we know who the individuals were and what the name of the slave was who was hired to work here. this goes on and on throughout the years of construction. it's been identified that there
named0 to 75 uniquely slaves. sureimes if we are not it's the same person, not every slave was hired for a duration. it was, the slave would be for the year. on the new year, the contract would be offered to the owner and renegotiated. a lot of this was done a monthly or daily or weekly basis. finished moving earth, you don't need as much labor until you can send them back to their owner to work it on the other hand, if you have someone or is a skilled carpenter skilled at making bricks, you might need them for much longer. this is the rotunda.
it is probably the most iconic building of the university. it is what everyone thinks about when they think of uva. it is based on the model of the pantheon in rome. it is a model jefferson adapted . we point out that in the lower corner he says it is a library, which it was very it is the library from when it opened in 1836 until 1928. we are proud of that. it served as a library and classroom building. there was a chemistry lab in the basement. there were meeting rooms. he was the center of university life. it changed dramatically in the 21st century. it was the library until 1938. the new library was built
adjacent to this one. the rotunda was used as an event space and for offices. recentlyd war ii until , there was not a lot of assigned activity to the rotunda . it was more of a ceremonial space. here there forgo years without ever having to go into the rotunda, which did not seem like the right thing. recently, the rotunda has ofergone about two years repair and renovation with an accessibleng it more and more appealing to students. domes, study in the other rooms, have it open at night. classes topaces for
me. they are trying hard, and it is a good idea to bring it back to the center of academic life. there is no question jefferson would be astonished about uva today from size alone. ofyou think about the size the original buildings versus what exists now, it is immense. the student body is a norm is. before the civil war -- the student body is enormous. before the civil war, they had probably 800 students. we are now into the tens of thousands of students. the other thing is the fact that women are being educated at uva, and african-americans are being educated at uva, and students all around the world are being educated at uva.
there is a great deal about his original vision that has survived. that is probably as astonishing as anything. our stack recently traveled to charlottesville, virginia, to learn about its rich history. learn more about charlottesville and other stops on this tour on c-span.org. you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend on c-span3. this weekend on american history tv on c-span3, tonight at 8:00 p.m. eastern on lectures in history, providence college professor jeffrey johnson on the 1916 bombing in san francisco, the worst active terrorism in san francisco history. parade,an hour into the
what the local press would deem the most pathetic result of the terrorism. >> look at the back. he is kneeling. he is loading film into his camera. watch the guy there. he just got it. >> sunday on american artifacts, we visit the portrait gallery of the second bank of the united states in philadelphia. >> we have the final arts exhibit where we include thetraits to tell story of what it was like to live in 18th century america, the world people knew and that the revolution built. >> historians discuss relationship between hamilton and washington. >> washington is a horse whisperer. he is a person of all caps
temperament. -- volcanic temperament. he learns self-mastery early on. he actually calms the very skittish alexander hamilton. hamilton when washington is not around gets into trouble. >> for our complete schedule, go to c-span.org. next on american history tv james haley, author of captain , paradise, a history of hawaii, discusses the life of musician, composer, and author liliuokalani, the last queen of the kingdom of hawaii. he also sketches the story of modern hawaii from the arrival of captain james cook in 1778 through the u.s. marine back to overthrow and removal of the queen in 1893 and annexation of the island in 1898.