tv Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa CSPAN April 7, 2019 6:20pm-6:31pm EDT
for the cursive bigness. they got extremely large, they only care about money and growth, they ended up being effectively hacked during the 2016 election. the social effects and the political effects are enormous. >> monday at 8 p.m. eastern on c-span two. visit theup, we will obispo den luis tolosa. [bell ringing]
to specific locations and establish missions, which would , thern become pueblos spanish term for a self covering community. mission san luis obispo grew out of the mission. >> this was founded in 1772. allwill see the statue at 21 of the california missions. is one of the once he started back in 1772. a few blocks over from here. between two creeks. the first building was destroyed by a flood, so they had to rebuild.
it was lacking one of the iconic features of the california mission. second building didn't have tiles, it had a roof, which was highly flammable. it was attacked by native americans in 1776. they got the order to rebuild a third mission. this was the third mission that was constructed. you will notice there is a crack right behind the bell tower. where the reconstructed belltower meets the old original construction. belltower was torn down and 1890's, and reconstructed in the 1930's. and the original structure behind it -- the two of them settle at different rates. , when you first enter the church, you first come to this
area which would have been a baptistery. you have an addition of pews. it would almost be considered a separate portion of the church called the baptistery. the way the church was designed, it was painted in a way that was symbolic of your journey to god. the front of the church, the closer you got to god, the more elaborate and fancy the decoration. in this back section, we have this alcove and there used to be a doorway that led out to the cemetery. they filled in the doorway and now we have a painting hanging there. it is called "our lady of refuge." all refuges -- missions have a picture like this. if you go to any of the missions, you should see a depiction of this painting.
they brought an original to an art school and students made copies of the original painting, so you can see variations between the copies. as we make our way to the front of the church, we have one of the oldest sets if not the oldest set of stations of the cross in california. three of them are being repaired now but 11 are on display. one of the reasons why the church does not look exactly the way it did during the mission days is because the change of ownership. the building was sold into private hands for $510. eventually, the building was returned to the catholic church but it was showing its age, so they made some cheap repairs to mask the damage and modernize the building. inside and out, the entire church was covered with wooden siding. the original ceiling was in bad
shape, so they covered it with a wooden ceiling area -- ceiling. they tore down the belltower and it no longer looks like a spanish mission. it looks like a modern church. some people got upset by that. it remained a modern church until the 1920's when one of the best things that ever happened to the church happened, a fire started. it started right behind this wall and burnt a lot of the modern, quick fixes. in the 1920's, people got excited about restoring this building, but they did not have the money to make necessary repairs. the first thing they had to do was restore the roof and ceiling area -- and ceiling. the six beams above the altar were damaged in the 1920's fire, but the seventh beam and others are original to the mission era. by the 1930's, they got the money to rebuild the belltower
and by the 1940's, to read to -- redo the interior of the church and double the addition. then they decided to redo the 1940's restoration to bring it back to an appearance symbolic of the original. this was a native american village that had overlays of different people. there was a so-called northern here, some of this tribe, which is to the north of us, and full disclosure on historians, some of them were born here. occasionally, some of the jo coots from the central valley would come into this area. there was never evidence of violence. the padres came in and had meager supplies, but nonetheless, they offered meals to some of the native americans.
they also offered the opportunity for baptism. that did not work out well at first. a very sick young lady was brought to father cavier and died a few days later. no one wanted a baptism, but as the mission settlement grew and grew, they promised food year-round with native americans. california was always a southern -- a land of plenty, the southern part. the heavy rains we have been having, it would be hard to go out and forage as these people did. they did have acorn flour stored and such, but if that got wet, you had problem feeding your family. the mission was a stable life
and gradually, more and more people were converted. the tragedy was exposure to the european diseases to which these native californians lived in small, isolated villages, have no immunities. [bells ringing] the town really grows up around the mission. it is still the center of almost all the activity in san luis obispo. many free concerts in the plaza every friday night, and thousands of people attend many festivals. it is the center of our town. san luis obispo, california, is one a city we have visited. see more on c-span.org/citiestour.
you are watching american history tv, all weekend, every weekend, on c-span3. 1900s,er: in the early james edward shepard founded a north carolina college in durham, which evolved into what is now north carolina central university. florida a&m professor reginald ellis is the author of "between washington and dubois: racial politics of james edward shepard." in this interview recorded at the annual american historical association meeting, he talked about shepard's involvement in education and politics. his impact on north carolina, and how he navigated the jim crow era. this is about 20 minutes. >> reginald ellis, professor at florida a&m university, let's talk about this gentleman, the racial politics of james edward shepard. who was he? >> dr. shepard was an individual who was born and raised of a