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tv   USS Missouri  CSPAN  August 3, 2019 5:15pm-5:31pm EDT

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best judgment, not his obedience. and he convinced them. when the party primaries were held in california in december of 1948, richard nixon did not just when the republican nomination, he won the democratic nomination. he ran unopposed in the first reelection campaign. past onre our nation's american history tv, every weekend on c-span3. >> our look at some of the highlights from the last 12 months continues as we take you to pearl harbor in hawaii. ♪ the battleship missouri, 53,000 ton flagship of the third fleet becomes the scene of an unforgettable ceremony, marking the complete and formal surrender of japan. states destroyer buchanan
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tongs representatives witness the final capitulation. general of the army, douglas macarthur, supreme commander for the occupation of japan warns the authority. pacific fleet commander and admiral halsey welcome him and his chief of staff of board. escorts thetz general to the nimitz miranda deck for a 20 minute ceremony. it is sunday, september 2, 1945. ♪ right now we're on the o1 level of the battleship missouri. ofnks to the events september 2, 1945, we call this the surrender deck. this is where the japanese sunday surrender ending world war ii. behind me is where the table sat
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that day. the ship looked different. big different than the canopy. this was rotated 30 degrees to starboard to make room for all the officials that would be on board. if you looked around and above is that day you would've seen thousands of the missouri curve, crews from other ships hanging on to anything they could, trying to get a glimpse of what was about to occur. at my clock in the morning when the ceremony was supposed to start, members from the japanese delegation were making their way on board. there were 11. they made their way up the ladder behind me. morning, admiral nimitz and admiral halsey descended from above to start the ceremony. after a few opening words, the first person to sign that surrender documents would have been --, signing on behalf of the japanese delegation. be on behalf of the japanese military. the third person was general macarthur himself.
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he did not actually represent the united states. that would be the fourth person to find, admiral nimitz. in rest of the allies sign order, china, australia, canada, france, new zealand, each in turn. there are two copies of the surrender document. one was to be kept by the united states and one kept by japan. we do not display the originals for obvious reasons. the originals are in washington, d.c. and in tokyo. we have a replica of one of macarthur's pens. to sign thepens documents. andsed it for douglas, mac arthur on the first and douglas macarthur on the second. he did this for a simple reason, and when we do today if you look at lawmakers who sign important law. wanted to give them away as souvenirs.
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following the last signature, macarthur said simply, these proceedings are closed. he gave the signal, and over in0 allied aircraft flew formation. from the getting of the ceremony at 9:02 to the end at 9:20 5, 23 minutes. that's all it took to end the bloodiest conflict in human history. now we are back on the uss missouri. now come to recognize this part of the ship for an event that happened in world war ii. tellsa touching event and you a lot about the ship and its crew. particularly its commanding officer. in the battle of okinawa, the less great naval battle, the missouri saw herself under a, causing attack. comic ozzy is a word that means zi has a lot of feelings attached to it because of world war ii. the 13thback to
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century when japan found itself under invasion from a mongolian flea. twice it was wiped out by a typhoon. this is viewed as divide into invention so the term they used was kamikaze, or divine win. this is what they used to save the country one more time from the threat of invasion. the pilot was spotted at about 7000 yards off the battleship missouri's starboard side, where we are currently standing. he came in low. missouri's five inch guns took ,p firing on the kamikaze hitting him a few times. at 14:42 in the afternoon on april 11, he slammed his plane into the side of the missouri where you see these two beds. plane, theng of his fuselage and the fuselage and a 500 pound bond fell into the ocean. it did not cause any harm directly to the missouri or crew.
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the bomb did not detonate. the right plane flew onto the missouri. it went as far forward and ignited a huge fire. her crew was so good and so fast in the response that they put the fire out in minutes. they did a head count after and found no one from the missouri's crew was killed and there was only a few minor injuries. as they begin to clean up the wreckage of the wing and the part on the deck of the missouri, they found the body of the pilot. captain callahan, the ship's first commanding order officer, after finding out the body was on the missouri, may be ordered to take the body below deck to prepare it for a full military funeral. you can imagine members of the missouri who were not happy, but they respected their commanding officer and follow-through. that night, several members of the crew and the rising sun to have a- in order
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proper military funeral you must be buried underneath the flag of your country. the next day, behind me there was a funeral held for the pilot. six men stood holding the body , the chaplain, the captain said he is no wonder your enemy. at 9:00 in the morning, the chaplain committed his body to the deep. not many people have ever heard the story, even though it is one we like to tell. the reason why nobody heard of it is because it got no press coverage. no one talked about it. the day of the funeral was the day that president roosevelt died. it was the day that harry s truman was sworn in as our next president of the united states. now we are inside the captains in port cabin on the missouri. this is a very large space. it is very well decorated and it is for the captain of the missouri when the ship is in port. or when he is visiting to talkies and he needs
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to diplomats and a foreign port. the uss missouri memorial association has a large historic collection. a large part has been donated by former crewmembers. that collection spans from the turn-of-the-century with the original battleship missouri all the way to modern day with the current uss missouri submarine. while we are in here we have pulled out artifacts for display. the two you see here are two very important pieces of the ship's history. they are both fragments of the plane thate kamikaze hit the missouri in 1945. the piece on the left still has factory paint. the piece on the right was faction into a plane and painted. you have two very different pieces of the plane. they both ended up back here on the missouri. the next few things that we have on display here today are from the morgan chalfant -- from the kamikaze attack on the missouri.
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these two artifacts are two pieces from something larger. there were both recovered by two isbers of h division, which the medical division on board the missouri. when captain callahan gave the order after the kamikaze attack to take the body dumbo hope -- down below, they brought the body down and prepared it for a funeral. process,oint, in that the commanding officer of that corpsman as well as a came upon two fragments of what the pilot was wearing. one is quite small. this one from the medical officer is quite large. they both bear the same pattern. it is a very sink floral pattern , in addition to the oil and things on them. they are two of our most fragile artifacts.
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, as we redog year our display for the 75th anniversary of that attack, one of these fragments will go on display to the general public. for now, they are needed to be in a climate controlled area. one of the most important set of artifacts that we have on board the ships are known as surrender cards. crew of theven to missouri who were on board for the surrender ceremony as a way to verify, and for them to prove they were on board. each one is signed. you can look very closely. it is signed here by the fleet nimitz. halsey then you also get the commanding officer murray. then you also get douglas macarthur's signature. then a bears the name of each individual crew member.
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this is for writing mentor class. we have only 8 -- ready min third class. a handful of them. they are incredibly rare and tell the story aboard the missouri. -- next two documents are they show the timing for september 19. they recorded each person who comes on board to win the ceremony ends. and then when each person and ship leaves. you will note that the ceremony ends at 9:25, and the japanese officials have left the missouri by 9:29 in the morning. we have already seen how detailed a battleship's schedule on plan can be. one of the things we have is the plans of the day. they detail everything that will happen on board that day down to the exact time. from august 30, 1940 five that bears a line written in it by the ships second in command. commander lyons.
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it is desk commander -- commander leon. it bears the weight of what was going to happen on board. energy, we have the ability and strength to put on a glorious show for the grand finale. if each of us does all he can in before theush, commissioning, when our grandchildren gather around and say, grandpa, what did you do during the great war, we will all answer simply, i was on the missouri. . is how to withi the uss arizona. in world war ii, the start for the americans was the attack on pearl harbor december 7, 1941. for the americans and rest of the world, the surrender ceremony was september 2, 1945 aboard the missouri. by having the missouri sitting here in for a harbor, we have the book and of the world war ii for the u.s..
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the beginning on the arizona and the end on the missouri. as she sits bouts about with the arizona eight, the 16 inch guns pointed over that ship, she is able to stand watch over those sailors forever entombed in the arizona's home. -- arizona's hall. and third every first week in of the month as the c-span cities tour takes book tv thehe road as we explore american story. coming up between now and the end of the year, we continue our travels with visits to cities in wyoming, ohio, michigan, south dakota, colorado, indiana and many more. you can watch videos from any of our stops by going to tour. >> tonight on lectures in history. andrew of east tennessee state teaches a class on andrew johnson and the competition.
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he compares how both presidents have been portrayed as upholding or disregarding the constitution. and whether their reputations match their actions in office. here is a preview. >> in the last couple of andrewions, it's johnson, defender of the constitution. people at the historic site who chose to defend him and betray him. if you read popular history, while lincoln might be a great president, had issues with the constitution. corpus and the like. if you take a look at how both talked about the constitution, and their actions throughout their presidencies, even throughout their political lives , lincoln is the he is being forced to do things he does not want to do because of the constitution.
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fremont to repeal his proclamation. -- is offnson says -- not doing things the constitution says he should explicitly be doing. >> learn more about abraham lincoln, andrew johnson, and the constitution on lectures in history. you are watching american history tv, where we bring the classroom to you. for the 2019 national history day competition was triumph and tragedy. over 500,000 students took part this year with 3000 advancing to the finals. students4/7-grade


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