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tv   National History Day - Alice Paul The Fight for the 19th Amendment  CSPAN  August 3, 2019 5:30pm-5:45pm EDT

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fremont to repeal his proclamation. -- is offnson says -- not doing things the constitution says he should explicitly be doing. >> learn more about abraham lincoln, andrew johnson, and the constitution on lectures in history. you are watching american history tv, where we bring the classroom to you. for the 2019 national history day competition was triumph and tragedy. over 500,000 students took part this year with 3000 advancing to the finals. students ---grade
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four seventh-grade students present alice paul, the fight for the 19th amendment. >> we are doing a performance titled " alice paul, the fight for the 19th amendment." ♪ ♪ >> alice paul, a suffregette activist and fighter for equal rights was an american woman been able to vote despite the tragic and unjust treatment of the suffrage activist they continued to fight for women's right to vote.
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>> even after achieving their goals. they fought for the 19th amendment in many ways. after finding the national women's party in 1930 and participating in protests concerning rights. they learned from experiences of women's rights in england. >> that doesn't mean it was easy. many parts of the 19th amendment were established. but let's start from the beginning. alice paul was born on january 11 in new jersey. she had two brothers, william and perry and a sister. she grew up with her family and a strong quaker faith. after that, she went on to do
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graduate work. >> in 1906, she got into the women's suffrage movement. men and women were equal. joining this movement, she was arrested several times. she and other suffrage activists were harassed. the station was full of suffragettes. >> hey, let me go. >> these suffragettes don't know their place. >> are you an american? >> i am from brooklyn.
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>> i am from new jersey. >> i noticed your sash. >> this is unbelievable. two americans in the same london station fighting for equal rights. >> i am alice paul. >> have you been to the station before? >> this is my first time. >> don't worry, you will only be here a couple of months. >> what? >> i was joking. >> they will not keep me here for long. once i am out, i will not stop. >> with that attitude, you and i are going to get along just fine. >> something that bothers me is that they don't give political prisoners -- >> it also bothers me. >> they became very close friends and had many missions. on the quest for women's rights. after one mission, they were both in jail. >> i have an idea. >> what is it? >> a hunger strike. >> a hunger strike?
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>> yes. >> why? >> do you think a hunger strike will work? >> i think so. >> and it did. soon, she was released a week early from her two week sentence. many others followed the example of the hunger strike. the prison force-fed those who wouldn't eat. in an interview, alice paul said this food would be ingested to my nostril. she would be held down and a metal tube would be injected to her nostril and the food would be placed down. activists were not only force-fed in england but in america as well.
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>> for a long period of time, she had to continue her education. she continued her education at the university of pennsylvania and was fighting for freedom in the u.s. in 1912, she earned a phd as did many other women who fought for women's rights in england. they fought for the 19th amendment to be ratified. >> and honestly, when will then -- when moment give us what we deserve? >> read this. it means competition of women and men. because we dare dream to do this with men. >> we don't have nearly enough. >> that is it. >> what is it?
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i am the leader of the congressional committee. >> some people think our tactics are a bit too extreme. >> think of it. the congressional union. >> that could work. we could do it. >> that was in 1913. in 1916, the congressional union changed to the women's party. they join together to form the national women's party. there were many marches to get the 19th amendment passed. they would not speak. they held up signs and had peaceful protests. in 1917, the first group protested and pressured woodrow wilson to support the amendment.
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roughly 500 out of 2000 suffrage activists were taken to jail and some were force-fed because of hunger strikes. that didn't go so well with the public. because of the reports in the newspapers. >> lucy, would you look at this one? november 9, 1917, she was the former chief of neurochemistry and the commissioner called today and demands for which ms. paul was striking. my dear sister helen even spoke to a reporter and defended me. >> this is amazing. >> your sister said -- cannot believe the president who deliberately risked her life. she is talking about you. >> with all the attention and support, it wasn't long until the 19th amendment was ratified.
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>> this is a huge success. the end. >> what? >> not quite. >> alice paul continued to work for equal rights and came up with a new amendment. >> the equal rights amendment. >> it did not work out and it was not ratified with an extension. people continue to fight for the equal rights amendment to be ratified today. >> in an interview, alice paul stated i always feel that this movement is a mosaic. alice paul passed away in july 1977. >> we will not forget them, fighting for the 19th amendment,
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and lead to more inspirational movements today. >> the mosaic made by them is beautiful. >> alice paul pushed to the tragedy to get to the triumph, the right to vote and the society we have today. ♪ ♪ [applause] >> how did you pick this topic? >> we were originally going to
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do the missouri compromise, but when researching we already knew we wanted to do a performance and we were trying to find important female characters to portray. we did not come across many that could be portrayed within 10 minutes. we began looking for female centered topics. because we are all girls. we came across women's suffrage and we didn't learn about this in elementary school and especially alice paul. we decided to zone in on alice paul and learn more about the ratification of the 19th amendment. >> what was the process like making it 10 minutes long? how did you do that? >> it was originally eight minutes and the script was very good, a bit foggy and not concise, and after regionals, we decided to add some more detailed information and make it more personable and more fun for
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us, not just spewing out facts. >> so, why is it important for people your age to learn about alice paul and the suffrage movement? >> we didn't learn about and this is women voting and we wouldn't have anywhere near the same country we have today if we didn't have the same votes. it is great for women's rights. in fact, gandhi and martin luther king jr. were impacted by the women's suffrage movement. we would not have nearly equal rights we have today without it. >> how did you decide on the costumes? >> actually, that is a very good question. her costume was her great, great, grandmother's. do you want to talk about it? >> we were looking for costumes and going to let a fleamarket
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-- and going to a lot of flea markets and i was like, i wonder if my grandparents would have anything. we asked my grandmother and she said she had a dress and a coat. if this works, you can use it. it is about 100 years old. >> well, thank you all very much for taking the time. >> thank you. >> in 1979, a small network with an unusual name pulled out a big idea. content you unfiltered and beyond. yearshas changed in 40 but the data is more relevant than ever. viewn is your unfiltered of government so you can make up your own mind.
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>> the c-span cities tour has made 12 stops. -- 24 stops. our look at some of the highlights continues as we take you to milwaukee, wisconsin. >> the socialist party started here in milwaukee in 1897 under the leadership of victor berger and it took off from there. there were a lot of factors that led to the formation of the socialist party here. there was this huge influx of german immigrants and to -- into milwaukee.


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