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tv   American Artifacts The Bible in America 1700- 1960s  CSPAN  August 5, 2021 11:08pm-11:38pm EDT

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or the awakening of the bible in america. and, it has an amazing story in and of itself. that is what we will head to next.
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>> the museum of the bible in washington d.c. was open ember 17th 2017 as more than 3000 books and artifacts are on exhibit. the building occupies almost an entire city block. up next on american artifacts in the second of a two part tour of the museum's bible in america exhibit, we pick up the story of mid 1700s during what is known as the great awakening. >> in the early 1700s, many felt the spirituality of america was declining. for some, church was a routine obligation. but the traveling preachers of the first reawakening challenge to that routine. the wandering preachers brought the bible back and george whitfield was a rock star of his time. i can see him, here he comes.
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>> although your bodies are on earth, here's souls and hearts are in heaven. and by your faith and constant reflection by the blooded angels that should always behold the fate of your father which is in heaven. >> so, the second section of our tour deals with the rebirth or the awakening of the bible in america and has a amazing story in and of itself. >> things are looking at in this case are original sermons of the important pastors of the time period, what carrie was talking, about the great awakening. we have jonathan edwards, in the hands of an angry god. the interesting story about jonathan edwards is that he was not one of those dynamic fan buoyant types of pastors. he was monotone, and he would present the sermon in that way. but according to history people
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would fall under great conviction. and it basically -- 1730, help until you know after the signing of the declaration of independence, there was a great spiritual awakening. this great awareness of the presence of god or desire to have a relationship with god. also, sermons that were presented by george whitfield. george whitfield was very controversial, in this style of preaching. and so, many times he was not allowed or invited to preach in the churches. he had this field pulpit if you will and he would set it up and he would start preaching. >> it is undeniably certain that we must receive the holy ghost so we can be true members of christ in his mystical body. >> so, we entered at this particular era in the museum. they're gonna see a lot of interesting technology that we used and it helps us tell the
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story. there's some drama that we created. . but in a very different way. many people would expect it to be done and we brought in some symbolic items again, like the replica of the liberty bell. this came from the same foundry that did the one in philadelphia. and some would say, well, i mean i have this one in philadelphia that's there but we have so many foreign visitors. and people, americans who will never go to philadelphia -- they want to see what that is all about. it also has as the text says here, and inscription on their that's from the book of las vegas, basically declaring a liberty throughout the land that is engraved on the bill itself. so, one of our basis for this floor, not just the bible in
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america but the bible globally is that the bible is all around you. and you don't really realize how much it is affecting our lives, basically saying clichés that we use today. a leper can -- leopard cannot change its spots. and i'm for an eye, a twofer tour, typical text. and we have shared those on this particular floor. liberty bell is a great one to look at, because again, it has -- it represents the bible in a very different way. and that is what we are trying to show. >> the liberty bell was actually donated to the museum of the bible by dr. peter low back, president of winds -- westminster theological. and also providence -- for it as well. it's produced in the recognition of the three engine anniversary of william penn's liberty of conscience --
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it made a trip around the united states and the bell was rung in all 50 states in recognition of the liberty of consciousness. it sat in a warehouse for a few years, i'm not quite sure how long. we got a phone call monday asking if we would like to have this bill for the museum. and you know, what is really interesting and what's cool about it is that it's produced at the white chapel foundry. the very same foundry the first liberty bell was produced at. past and still, philadelphia, it's all an exact replica of the liberty bell looks over the crack. that is a laser beam crack. but even that, it rings in the same key or appeal is the term he flat as the liberty bell in philadelphia did. and we have right here twice now. >> and, this section of our museum takes in that top beat of liberty. the declaration of independence, sort of this struggle there,
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and some of the key documents that were in play at that time. norm, why don't you share a couple of these with us. >> this is one of my favorite cases in the extra -- exhibition. they often asked me what my fever artifact is. it is not there, we have so many cool things will look at. one thing i want to talk about is when the colonists first came to the new world, they were not allowed to prince bibles in the english language. the crowd had the rest of the english test. all the bibles the geneva bible, king james bible, the catholic bible came from europe or came from the crown, if you will. when we can declare our independence 1776, the import of products from london ceased, it was brought to the congress 's attention that we had a lack of english bibles. one of the colonial printers from the name of robert akin
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presented the idea to deduce an english test here in america. first, in 1777, he would produce an english new testament, which is the new testament for the king james bible. the crown still holding the right to this text. basically makes robert akin and outlaw, if you will. an outlaw predator. there are only two of the first english new testament printed in america in existence. once at the new york library. or you can go to the museum of the bible and see this one here. in 1782, robert akin would present an entire bible. in this bible, it was reviewed by the chapel -- and passed off of congress to congress itself, and reviewed. in which they gave robert akin permission to print this bible. this would be the first complete english bible ever printed in america. the only bible to receive congressional authorization to be printed.
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by robert akin. akin, knowing the crowd literally held their rights in this text, he included the congressional authorization in each and every one of these bibles. therefore, for you as the united states citizen at the time, knowing it was forbidden to own a bible not produced by the crown, you can see you're governor allow you to own this particular bible. not only did he include that in the text, we have also included the original congressional authorization, showing that congress did indeed, word for word of robert taken was included into his text. one of the things i find a musing about this bible, the akin bible, on the very front page, he tells you how to find it. three doors down above the coffee shop. to me, there was only one starbucks at the time and philadelphia. i find that i'm using. you find a coffee shop, you can find the print shop of robert akin. if you look at this particular
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authorization, used to the name of charles thompson. to me, he is one of america's unsung heroes. one of the very first secretaries of the continental congress. he signed the authorization of robert taken in the bible. when charles thompson retires, he was a stickler himself. he himself would produce the first english bible translated in america from the greek. this would make charles thompson not only the first secretary of the continental congress, but he was also the signatory that show the authorization of johnson, and hancock signature on a declaration of independence. he helped design the great seal of the united states, he would then become the very first united states citizen to translate a bible in america. he is a pretty interesting fellow. so as we continue our journey, you are looking at several of our screens, these take on
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various debates throughout history. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ >> there was among the 12 apostles, when traitor who betrayed, it should be no wonder therefore, there are so many thousands and two patriot, you england contains there should be even 12 a judas cysts ready to betray their country. >> st. peter and st. paul, when they speak of the authority of civil government, and that some mission in which we owe to it, they put christians in mind that civil gun for -- the order of institution of got himself. by disobeying illegal government, we disobeyed god. >> this one, the one that we just heard, deals with the
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concept of submission or betrayal. again, that was a big topic for that time when america was sort of paving their own course. which we are we? our resubmitted to the rule? or are we betrayers of it? there is a lot of argument that was going on. we have taken those topics on here. not only in film, also made a document as well. >> speaking of a jefferson, over here at this is known as the jefferson bible, or their lifes and morals of jesus christ. there is only one of jefferson bible in which he would use the french, the greek, and the english. he would do some cut and paste from the gospel. the original is at the smithsonian institute, but in 1904, the government printing house started printing as we know at the jefferson bible. from 1904 all the way to 1950,
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every freshman senator would receive a copy of this imprint here. this is one of the 1904 renditions. as we travel along and move throughout the impact of the bible in america, you will see the transition, we're going from the 1700s all the way to near -- a very important event in american history, which is the history of abolition-ism. our story here, we talk, we have artifacts that compliment the actual tapestry itself. in the center, we have the emblem of newspaper letters produced by william lloyd garrison, known as the liberator. william lloyd garrisons newspaper, which we have an example of here, was so controversial that they put a bounty on him for a 5000
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dollars if they can kill him. of course, we also have harriott beach or snow -- stow, the news -- interesting fact is that, she did not write eight, she took dictation. here, we actually have a copy of a first addition of uncle todd's cabin, as well as the liberator newspaper which was a newspaper that was imprinted for 25 years for the sole purpose of trying to -- supporting the move of the abolitionist movement. of course, you will see the image of the jomana brown and frederick douglass. we have the first addition of the biography of frederick douglass as well. behind you, one of my very favorite artifact, down here at the very bottom of the case, it is a rifle, it is known as the beaters a bible. we have talked about harriet beach or stow, her husband --
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sorry, her father henry was a staunch abolitionist as well. what he did was, he took these sharp rivals, put them into a case and would ship them to kansas in support of the abolitionist movement. this is an exact quote, but it is close to it henry would beechor would say that if you can't convince the slave owners that the word of god, the enslavement of the african people is wrong, perhaps you can convince them by looking down the barrel of a rifle. he would pack these up, put them on a train, but mark them as bible so you would not be suspicious as they were being transported to kansas. >> this series also talks about the formation of the american bible society, which today is still the largest in the world. the bible societies in portugal countries, the american bible
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society is one of the largest, and helps fund a lot of the other bible societies around the world. many of the founding fathers remember the american bible society. they were officers of the bible society. supreme court justices were. it is a great story. >> the chief justice john j was a member of the american bible society. charles thompson, who we talked about with the first american citizen to translate -- he was a member of the american bible society. elijah who was the president of the continental congress was the president of the american bible society as well. that is interesting you brought that up. over to the right, what is known as a coordination certificate. that is signed by francis as berry. the first methodist missionary or bishop to come over to
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america why this is important in the exhibition is that, as berry approach george washington unapproved to him about the emancipation of freeing the slaves as far back as the very first president. we have [interpreter] -- ordinary stiffer get by frances asbury. again, the artifact complements the story as you walk through. here, we have bibles. within a collection in the museum of the bible, we have -- york way, seneca, black foot. there is different translations. all of these were translated into complete bibles. we have new testament, the gospels, maybe perhaps songs. and perhaps the complete bible was translated to reach to the indigenous people. these were produced by the american bible society. three of many that came out from the missionary work. >> as we said earlier, the anti
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slavery, pro slavery even continues today. here are examples again that were bibles that were created to be pro slavery. norm, i know there is one in here that you might want to talk about. >> the harriet tubman one? >> yes. >> the moses of her people. most of us, hopefully know the story of harriet tubman and the underground railroad. if you look at this, you will notice it is against slavery, and the works that are for slavery. again, as carey was mentioning, they use the bible to justify these calls. we have the works -- the story of harriet tubman. over here where it is ian elliott, at the time he has a book called colonist king, it is to support of why we should continue to have a continuation of slavery. we are telling both sides of
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the story. from the very beginning, i remember kerry telling me he wants to make sure we told the good, the bad, and the ugly. we wanted a fear story of how the bible was used, and the family of america. >> you see, hanging on our walls throughout this arrival in america area, a tapestry that we have woven, we were told that is the longest tapestry that is woven in the u.s.. 274 feet. it was designed by an artist who lives off of a main, an island out of maine. many believe when they see this, it is a -- this is actually a woven tapestry. every single thing in here was reviewed by many scholars, even the kind of buttons that were used. the hat that was used. the roof on the buildings that we show. the whole museum on this side
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takes this tapestry, we cut it into pieces. we went from the mayflower, now we go all the way to moderate days. it is all reflected in the tapestry. it is great because a lot of kids, they don't really have a lot of interest in looking at bibles. we have a lot of foreign visitors who, we translated into ten languages, but over 100 countries we have visited already. they can walk through here, get some idea of the story just by the pictorial that we have done. now we are coming to a section which, i find it fascinating, i am asked what is your favorite items in the museum? with 3100 on the exhibit, an inventory of almost 100,000 to
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pick from that we cure wait, it is a little hard to say what that is. but there is one. it is this one right here. this is julia how award who wrote a poem at two in the morning at the willard hotel. she says in her own words, she took a stab of a pencil by the candlelight that was available to her, and she wrote down what she says god gave her to break down. she showed it to her daughter the next morning, it was all scripture that she had written down, but it formed a point. her daughter said, mom, you should have this published, this is really good. they did, they took it to a publisher. he published it. she created what we call today the battle i'm of the republic. well, that one piece of paper
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that she wrote that is now considered one of the most some hams in the united states ever, we own. when you are looking at here is the original letter that she wrote now, in in this area this area we have, it music the music that deals with deals with. amazing grace and the battle hymn of the republic. another pieces of music that represent the struggle that is going on. so, this is one of my favorites. -- he doesn't realize that the words themselves are part of a biblical test -- text that she was going to write down. and now, when you sing that song, you'll recognize it, listen in the words, as we say! [laughs] and you will hear it. the bible being quoted in her song. >> while we are still focusing
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on the tapestry, you will notice that there is a break here throughout the entire tapestry. this is symbolic of what we have up here. we have one of the battles of the civil war. of course, we have elizabeth katie stanton who translated the bible that is known as the woman's bible, and of course, abraham lincoln. but one of the highlights, this is a really cool case because not only does it have the original manuscript of julia -- the bible him republic, but it actually has a bible that was presented and given to abraham lincoln by a group of african americans from baltimore. this in appreciation of his a signing of the emancipation proclamation, they presented this bible to him. this would have been a very expensive bible. the emancipation proclamation itself is riddled with many biblical references as well. so, it's really cool and
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dynamic case. -- very similar to what happened when, america declared their independence. the english cease to supply america with goods. same thing happened from the north and south. what was established was, confederate states, viable society. and this is the first new testament from the confederate states viable society which is actually imported with the title page. this is a very rare new testament. because the soldiers, rather bibles under new testament. it was equally -- as much as it was to the north. most of these were destroyed because they took them into battle with them, and basically as one of the only comforts that they had. today,... we find out... maybe an hour, two hours ago... billy graham had passed away.
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and, we know that he's a very strong, influential person in america. not only -- not just the principles you brought to us, about the support of the civil rights movement as well. he invited dr. martin luther king jr. to come in preach at his revival sermons at madison square garden. he insisted that there would be no segregation, no separation. and that all would sit amongst each other. so, he was a great supporter as well. and we had been fortunate enough that the billy graham library. it is graciously lent to us in new testament, that belong to billy graham, that he highlighted annotated, and they used to prepare sermons with. and then again, not only was he in the civil rights advocate for the african americans, but also for the indigenous peoples. he reached out, and he fought
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for their equal rights as well and in recognition of that there were three tribes that came together and they presented him with this indian head dress. so, i want to make sure that it is known that it is lent to us by the below graham library. just today being the day that he passed. we want to just make sure that we have a special recognition of who he was, and what he can contribute to, not only the museum of the bible, but to the world. you will notice that this last dedication here is a story of civil rights. and a good portion of this is dr. martin luther king, and it is illustrating him, his speech, i had a dream. and i was in 1963, that he gave right here in washington d.c.. and so, then we have -- ebony magazine. that devoted the entire magazine to the story of martin luther king jr..
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it is signed by coretta scott key. >> we have been open 45 months when you see the show today. and, we found some very interesting statistics. number one, our average drive distance to get here is over 300 miles. we ask, have you ever been to washington d.c.? amazing -- how the majority button amazingly large number, i have never been to washington. why did you -- what are you going to do when you come to washington? we are coming to the bible museum. are you doing other things? if we have time. and the point is that what we are finding, especially with, not only just americans but tourists coming into washington, which about 15% depending 20 are non-americans coming in to the u.s. for a tour and here in washington d.c. museums and a
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pop in here, so once it's all together, we are finding that there's great great curiosity about the bible no matter what faith you are and many -- take a fait, they've been here and that with their friends, so it's not like somebody just wanders in. they come in as a group and they all leave saying, wow i did not know that and those who could be come classified as catholic, or protestant, or jewish. they say, wow i learn things that i never knew before wow, man i had a wrong idea about that and they can probe as deep as they want, we have 70 tours of content here. so if you want to spend nine or eight-hour days, hopefully you will find some answers that you're looking for. we are not an apologetic profit it is just about the bible. if you want somebody to interpret the bible, we are not your best place to go.
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but if you want to hear about it, the impact and see why it's so important we are the place. >> next on american history tv, remarks on baylor university professor thomas kidd, on benjamin franklin's religious faith. this discussion was part of a symposium hosted by the heat museum of the bible in washington d.c.. it is for the five minutes. >> good morning everyone. welcome to the museum of the bible. i am kate pentagon


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