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tv   Reel America U.S. Vice President Makes World Tour - 1956  CSPAN  August 22, 2021 10:37am-11:04am EDT

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♪ ♪ >> flying west across the pacific, vice president and mrs. richard nixon began their tour of six nations that was to take them completely around the world. their first destination was manila. the busy capital of the philippines was, like the rest of the country, tense with excitement on the eve of a great
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national celebration, the 10th anniversary of independence. ♪♪ >> on the afternoon of july 3rd, mr. and mrs. nixon landed following brief ceremonies, mr. garcia accompanied the honored guests to where president and mrs. ramon aa waited them. -- awaited them. this, again, was more than a
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mere visit. it was an old reunion -- a warm reunion between old friends. on the morning of the 4th of july, a day glorious to both fill filipinos and americans, mr. nixon -- [inaudible] the martyr whose name is known to millions who cherish freedom. the column moment brought memories to all present, for it
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♪ ♪ >> by permission of the president, the huge crowd was allowed to surge forward at parade's end, the better to hear the address of vice president nixon. >> i have witnessed many fourth of july parades. i have seen parades with many floats and many bands. but in all my life, i have never seen a parade to equal the one the philippines put on today. [cheers and applause] >> we in the united states in
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our early years had the problem of our tories who were still loyal to a foreign rule. finish but your problem in the philippines was a far greater one. the authority of your government was challenged by the hawks. now, many of these rebels, as you know, were simple people. probably the great majority of them were. but they were led astray by their leaders. but you also know that among the leaders were men who were not truly filipinos. because they owed their first allegiance not to the philippine government, but to the materialistic, ruthless foreign ideology of communist colonialist imperialists. and what did you do about it? and this, to me, is one of the great stories of this republic and one that should be told and retold all over the world.
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it's true that you used military force where necessary in dealing with the hawks. but you also did something perhaps even more important. you removed the political and economic causes of discontent. and in this effort, your president played a leading part. and for this, believe me, the president has won the admiration of the whole free world. [applause] i know that there are those who feel that friendly neutrality towards the kremlin and peking may vary. but you know there is an old proverb, and it is that he who -- with the devil must have a long spoon. the communists have been ruthless towards the people of the nations they have engulfed. they have no memories of former
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favors, no kindness for those who try to be friendly. they are cold and calculating, and those who feel that they can outmaneuver them are taking a fearful risk. we hope that all the -- of asia -- all the nations of asia will understand our attitude toward collective security. and may i say at this point i appreciate particularly the fact that with the rain coming down, so many of you still will stand there and listen. [applause] may i thank you for listening so patiently, and i may i -- and may i say to you as was the case three years ago, mrs. nixon and i have been deeply touched by the welcome that we have received all over your country. i trust that the years ahead will see the republic of the philippines make even greater
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progress in the next ten years than in the last ten. [cheers and applause] >> the next day vice president nixon visited the -- [inaudible] its long silent gun withs remain a memorial to the brave men who defended this island fortress. it's a bond between two nations, for it was here that fill pinots and americans -- filipinos and americans fought and died side by side is. the tunnel was also toured by the leaders who shared vivid impressions of its historic past. it was here that living quarters had been provided for the first philippines president, can and it was here that generals mac arthur and wainwright manned their strategy. the president -- planned their strategy. the president arranged this trip at the request of mr. nixon who wished to see for himself the hardships that the -- of
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democracy had experienced. ♪ ♪ >> the next day the national press club specially adorned for the visitors from washington became the vice president's final stop before he flew to sigh gone. this too -- saigon. this too provided a reunion. during a half hour interview, he impressed the newsmen by with his frankness in discussing controversial issues. of particular interest to them was that military bases would be -- title to the military bases would be returned to the philippines. later that morning in the or wake of a monsoon rain, vice president and mrs. nixon arrived in the capital of south vietnam. u.s. ambassador frederick reinhart, represents of the president and a throng of vietnamese citizens greeted them
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n. no other place were the nixons to see a bigger change than their previous visit. then this land had been in the throes of war. today it was a peaceful and free republic. while riding into saigon, signs over the world testified to the friendship vietnam feels toward the american people and their elected representatives. this happened to be a time of national rejoicing. everywhere there were people carrying banners, marching in celebration of the second anniversary of the presidency. [cheers and applause] ♪ ♪ >> thousands gathered on the spacious lawn before the presidential palace to cheer the republic and the president when mr. nixon came to be received by the young nation's chief executive. [cheers and applause] ♪♪ >> the two leaders conferredded for an hour and a half. mr. nixon extended president
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eisenhower's warmest personal congratulations, well earned by a man and his people who had thrown astonishing spirit through two difficult years. ♪♪ >> at president diem's invitation, that they went outside and thanked them for the splendid unity which he felt responsible for the success the nation had achieved. he also thanked the united states through its vice president for its help not only to vietnam, but to the entire free or world. many response, many nixon -- in response, mr. nickson said america was -- nixon said america was proud. , indeed, to be vietnam's friend and ally. another high point point, the u.s. vice president became the first guest speaker ever invited to appear before this party. for mr. nixon, this privilege
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had special significance, for back in america he'd served many years as a legislator. [applause] to the representatives of the vietnamese people, he expressed his admiration for the accomplishment that had marked the first two years of presidentty yes, ma'am's administration -- diem's administration. he said here in south vietnam the militant march of communism has been a halted, and from this free world derived great inspiration. [applause] a visit to the refugee resettlement area was another opportunity for mr. nixon to see the extraordinary job vietnam is doing in rehabilitating the hundreds of thousands who fled the communist north. being a father himself, he especially enjoyed meeting the children. ♪ ♪
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>> there were handshakes too for the elders, for the parents and the aged who'd given up all they had to escape communist tyranny and hiv in a land that offered -- and live in a land that offered liberty. the vice president met the roman cath hick priests -- catholic priests and others who had worked long and selflessly to make this camp a living and growing thing. ♪ ♪ >> he saw new farm equipment made available through united states assistance. he saw a deeply religious people awaiting distribution of these tools after their blessing by a bishop who was a refugee. it was an unforgettable experience for the vice president. he felt he was witnessing here one of the great stories of southeast a asia, the story of south vietnam's fight for freedom and a better life for all. ♪
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♪ >> on the evening of july 3th, vice president and mrs.-- july 7th, vice president and mrs. nixon arrived in saigon. the foreign minister and -- [inaudible] were among the first the welcome them. ♪ ♪ >> also gathered to greet the personal representatives of president eisenhower were important chinese government officials and members of the diplomatic corps. ♪ ♪ >> the vice president's visit was tremendously heartening to the capital of nationalist china. the next day he conferred with president chang kai-shek after giving him a letter from president eisenhower that strongly reassured china's
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leader and its people. the two statesmen posed for news cameramen. ♪♪ >> mr. nixon summed up the content of their talks in a brief statement. >> i just had a conference with the president with regard to the relations between the government of the united states and the government of the republic of china, and in this conference we discussed the mutual problems and the mutual dangers which we confront in the world. the government of the united states and the people of the united states stand firmly with the government of the republic of china and the people of the republic of china against communist aggression in asia and other parts of the world. as a result of this conference, i am sure that there will be no doubt in the minds of people around the world that our two countries and our two peoples stand together against the common danger which threatens
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free people around the world, the danger of communist imperial colonialism. >> riding back to the airport, the vice president and his party were hailed by thousands of chinese, young and old, who lined the streets of taipei. [cheers and applause] ♪ ♪ >> an imposing guard of honor was at the airport to pay their country's respects to the distinguished guests. these were crack contingents of nationalist china's superbly-trained fighting forces. ♪ ♪ >> an unexpected delay caused by the blowout of an airplane tire postponed the departure. after further talks with chinese and u.s. officials, vice president and mrs. nixon 'em planed for thailand sick hours
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behind schedule -- six hours behind schedule. ♪♪ >> it was close to midnight when they arrived in bangkok. of the prime minister and his wife greeted them with the traditional charm for which their land is famous. they were also greeted by the u.s. ambassador, maxwell bishop, and other members of the diplomatic corps. ♪ ♪ >> leading his guests into a reception room at airport, the prime minister added a formal welcome of his own. ♪ ♪ >> as the foreign minister and other dignitaries looked on, the premier recalled how warmly he had been received during his own visit to america just the year before, and he regretted there wasn't time enough to entertain his american friends appropriately. ♪ >> in reply, the u.s. vice president insisted that the welcome was much more than
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adequate, and he expressed deep gratefulness that so many of thailand's leaders should be kind enough to turn up and meet him when he had been obliged to come at so late an hour. in a dining room prepared for the occasion, the prime minister and mr. nixon and their party partook of a mud night dinner, one -- midnight dinner, one more example of thailand's hospitality to the american goodwill ambassador. ♪♪ >> once again mr. nixon held a press conference. he underscored america's strong backing of the southeast asia treaty organization. thailand and the united states, he declared, would continue their efforts for economic development and social well-being so that all may pursue lives in peace and happiness. ♪ >> then a last good-bye from the prime minister before his departure for pakistan. ♪ muck.
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>> later that very morning, as air force transport reached karachi. two of pakistan's top members welcomed the nixons to another nation. ♪♪ >> the 8th regiment provided the honor guard. the salute to vice president nixon in the absence of the prime minister who was away in london for the commonwealth conference. with the united states charge d'affaires if, the vice president and mrs. nixon met more than 50 members of the foreign diplomatic corps. ♪♪ >> catchy was another -- karachi was another place to greatly impress vice president nixon. the cameraman accompanying the vice president took these views of the city's booming. they are dramatic reminder of
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pakistan's energy and determination. ♪ ♪ >> at the presidential palace, mounted rangers in white tunics provided a colorful escort for the party from the united states. ♪♪ >> inside mr. nixon posed with the president and cabinet if ministers after conferring with them on matters of military and economic aid. while mrs. nixon chatted with a charming and gracious first lady. ♪ ♪ >> before leaving karachi, the u.s. vice president granted another press conference. on the question of kashmir, he said the united states helped for a settlement via direct india/pakistan talks or, failing that, through the unite united nations. it was at this press conference that he warned against accepting
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soviet aid. the communist price, he said, could be a rope around their necks. aid from russia could spell its end. after four hours in karachi, the nixons' plane departed west towards the capital of turkey. it was night when vice president and mrs. nixon arrived at ankara's airport. both turkey's president and her premier welcomed the personal emissary of president eisenhower. the president, who recalled mr. nixon's hospitality when he visited washington, insisted that the vice president and his wife be his personal guests. [cheers and applause] the next day there were more of those chance meetings with ordinary people, a brief chat with a young turkish news boy brought out his deep interest in america and his affection for president eisenhower. these were feelings that mr. nixon noticed everywhere he went and in people from widely
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different backgrounds and national arcs. ♪ ♪ >> one of the most impressive moments of vice president nixon's day in the turkish capital was his laying a wreath at the tomb of the found per of modern turkey. founder of modern turkey. the second highest official of the united states government paid a solemn salute to the memory of one of the most extraordinary leaders of this century. ♪ ♪ >> driving back through the city enroute to the airport, the american vice president's motorcade stopped in the center of an ancient, historic part of an car a. this gave -- ankara. this gave mr. nixon once again the opportunity to meet the people. he stepped out to shake hands
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with many persons who quickly surrounded his car. ♪ ♪ >> at the airport there was one last friendly touch. vice president and mrs. nixon had a personal good-bye from police officers who had escorted them. ♪ ♪ >> a final farewell from the chief of the national assembly and from the premier for whom mr. nixon carried a message to president eisenhower. then the vice president's plane turned westward once more over the capital city and other turkey, that ancient land which is at once so modern too. ♪♪ >> on the stunning mediterranean
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island of mallorca, the plane stopped briefly to refuel. vice president nixon was greeted by the u.s. ambassador to spain and by the spanish foreign minister. ♪♪ >> last refueling stop was bermuda in the mid atlantic. then, 11 days after they had left home, vice president and mrs. nixon returned to washington. a large crowd greeted them including senator nolan and the secretary of state. an historic tour was over. reassurances of east-west friendship had been made around the world, especially with six nations whom the united states is proud to call partner in the struggle for freedom. ♪ ♪ ..e late are 19th and early --
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late 19th and early 20th century. >> good morning. [inaudible conversations] >> thank you for being here today. today's lecture is about american women journalists of the late 19th century. this is one of my absolute favorite things to talk about, as i'm sure you all can imagine. so i'm just going to dive right into it. the title of today's talk is reporters and sisters. and that's because these


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