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tv   The Presidency Herbert Hoovers 1964 Funeral  CSPAN  May 3, 2022 12:13am-1:21am EDT

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photographs, she re-creates mister hoover's final trip to his west branch, iowa, childhood home.
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>> today's presentation is called hoover's last trip home. our speaker, lynn smith, the audiovisual archivist at the hoover presidential library and museum since november of 2000 whose previous work experience includes serving as department supervisor at the university of denver and archivist for the u.s. forest service in montana. she is a certified archivist and holds a ba in history from the university of northern colorado, masters in history from colorado state university and ml i asked from the university of denver. she chaired the society of american archivists in and professional conduct, workshops on ethics in midwest archives society of rocky mount archives. in her career she has been president of the society of rocky mount archivists, secretary of the academy of
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certified archivists and the midwest archives conference so she has collected some great photos and audio files and shared with us from herbert hoover services in 1964. hoover died october 20th, 1964, buried in west branch on the 20 fifth. thank you for joining us. looking forward to the presentation. >> thank you for your kind introduction and i want to make note this marks the second year of the third thursday and i'm happy to be part of watching what would be the next year and kind of a note, this coming october 20 seventh is world day for audiovisual heritage, a key initiative of the coordinating council of audiovisual archives associations to honor archival institutions for safeguarding our heritage for future
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generations so in that spirit was able to put together a video visual production of what happened on those few days after october 20th when mister hoover died. it is a combination of army photos and photos from local residents and all kinds of media donations over the years of silent film, his funeral was. and also worked in a couple pieces of artwork. it is a full thing, the recording, to wmt at cedar rapids, iowa, and features brad
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price, a well-known radioman that went into television and some other the ufc on air news people, from the airport along i 80. there is a full recording of the funeral service that is unedited, that radio people get segments of a longer, 2 and a half hour recording but no one has to and a half hours to do this but we can crunch it but i did not cut any part of the funeral, the silences and things are as is. our story begins with mister hoover's death at the age of 90 shortly before noon on tuesday october 20th, 1964. plans for his funeral were made as far back in 1958 so when he
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passed the preestablished sequence of events began. let me hit share screen and we should have media and in large to full screen and i can find the play button, there it is. so october twentieth, 21st, it was moved to saint are falling you church and placed on the lincoln catapult which was sent from washington dc, it was open to the public. october 20 second the church was closed from 3:00 to 5:00 :00 pm as a funeral service was held with president lyndon johnson and john connolly, robert wagner, here you see robert kennedy as father rose and wife ethel and the hoover
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family, and allen and their wives market and margaret, and with saint bartholomew and personal friend of the hoover family conducted the funeral service. saint bartholomew reopened to the public at 5:00 pm through 9:00 pm and there you see lady rector. the people lined up around the block at the church which is located at 50 1 and park avenue in new york city, mister hoover's casket. between the 21st, and 20 second, some 22,000 people paid their respects at saint bartholomew's church, the church was open from 9:00 to 3:00 on the 20 second and 3 and
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5 and then 9. the next morning, october 2, '02, family and friends arrived at the church, the us military academy along with the company of cadets from west point were on hand and hundreds watched from across the street. giant service honor guard lined the church steps. at the top of the steps leading from the church on park avenue, the band played ruffles and flourishes and hail to the chief. when the band began the hymn lord, thou hast been our dwelling place, the body bears took the casket down the steps through the honor gordon and placed it in the waiting purse. the body barriers and flag team marched away and you see when the drivers door first close the honor gordon and all military into their salute.
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you can see it. as they moved the casket slowly, the hoover family, different angles, clips, 30 seconds here, a minute of that, a hodgepodge of film clips i tried to put together in some semblance of order to show you this today. after the hearse left the motorcade of 18 limousines followed the hearse to
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pennsylvania station, the hoover family and other friends and dignitaries took the train ride to washington dc. and there was honor guard, flag salutes at pennsylvania station for the hoover family. the body bears move the casket from the hearse and moved it to the train. the hoover family and friends including richard and patricia nixon, the vice president, former vice president and admiral lewis among others with military escort took their positions near the funeral car. the body barriers proceeded with national color detail and clergy followed by the personal flag barrier which used to be
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the presidential flag went through the honor gordon and placed the casket on the funeral car. a group of 150 people boarded the train and departed for washington dc at 9:35 at 9:305 am. the funeral train reached the station at 1:25. president and mrs. johnson greeted the hoover family. just outside union family the johnsons into thes lined up to watch the casket loaded onto the case on. the escort commander led the procession in washington dc down delaware avenue 3 blocks to the east from the fred fiumano. this included the army band, the national color detail, the caisson and the body barriers,
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the personal flag bearer, the comparison horse, black jack, next was the hoover family and limousines, president johnson followed with secret service escort and cars with other dignitaries. as the column moved down delaware avenue to the south, escort troops were in units along the east side of the avenue facing the center of the street. in order to the south were a company from each of the service academies, from the army marine corps, navy, air force and coast guard and composite company of servicewomen, the army national guard, air force reserve and coast guard reserve completing the line at the southern end more representatives from eight veterans organizations. as the process and move it
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along delaware avenue, hundreds including the press gathered at the east room of the have a waiting mister hoover's casket into the capital by way of the senate staircase as the main stairs at the capital were closed for construction of the inaugural platform which would take place 1964 being an election year, the inaugural would be 65 so here you see more of the funeral procession moving down delaware avenue past the escort troops. a word briefly about blackjack, who followed the caisson bearing president hoover's casket. a comparison horse, long-standing practice of having a horse of a deceased military officer or leader in a funeral procession, blackjack carried an empty saddle, paper and boots rehearsed in
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stirrups, blackjack famously appeared in president john kennedy's funeral 11 months earlier. blackjack was a very spirited 15 hand black gilding name for general blackjack pershing. when the horse entered delaware avenue from virginia station the third infantry fired a 21 gun salute and as the caisson crossed delaware avenue, of 48 air force fighter jet plane in clusters and 3 passed overhead. when the cortez into the east plasma troops and his staff in the army band continued on until they were out of the ceremonial area. the cortez halted in front of the senate wing steps and took their respective positions at the foot of the senate at 2:30. it was a windy day. the band sounded ruffles and flourishes and hail to the chief and began america the beautiful. at first know the body bears
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removed the casket from the caisson. general wade led the procession up the steps into the capitol rotunda. hundreds watched from a distance. and there is the casket with the body barriers. and mister and mrs. johnson in the center with the hoover family close behind. people from the east front of the capitol watching. a little girl with flowers. inside the entrance, the procession for the rotunda, the hoover family and military and
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civilian leaders watched while the national color detail clergy and personal flag bearer accompanied the casket as it was carried to the center of the rotunda and placed on the lincoln catapult. the personal flag was posted and the casket going onto the cannibal, the catapult was a platform built originally from president lincoln's casket when he was assassinated in 1865 and maintained that the capitol and used for state funerals was once the flags were posted, the first relief guard of honor took position at the lincoln capitol and the body barriers were dismissed after a salute.
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>> the same group we will see again. a little bit later. once they departed, the reverend frederick brown harris, chaplain of the senate delivered a short eulogy adjusting mister hoover's humanitarian work and his strong unbending unblemished. then president johnson placed a wreath at the base of the lincoln catapult and bend his head.
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there is a press photo and another press photo. chaplain sending kenneth ames pronounced the benediction, included a rotunda ceremony a few minutes after 3 while the rotunda cleared, they inspected arrangements for the period after the departure, the family, rotunda was open to the public from 3:00 pm to 9:00 pm. october 20 fourth the rotunda opened again and was open to
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the public between 9 am and 9:00 pm. over the two days, 30,000 people filed past the hoover casket, throughout the lying in state period the joint service guard of honor maintained constant vigil changing relief units every 30 minutes, the next day october 20 fifth at 9:30 the last ceremonies began when it was moved from the capitol to washington national airport. the navy band was on the capitol plaza left of the steps as the national color detail, the honor gordon presented arms to the steps while the navy band, the body barriers move down the steps to the honor gordon and down to the hearse. after the casket was placed in
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the hearse, the owner court ordered arms for the hoover family and others entering the automobiles and into the hearse. the motorcade reached military or transport service terminal at washington national airport at 9:505 am as the motorcade traveled across the access road to the terminal the third infantry battery gave a 21 gun salute. the honor gordon, the air force band sounded honors, the band played now the day is over and
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the body barriers removed the caskets to the hearse through the honor gordon and placed the body aboard the c-130 airplane. of military aircraft took the hoover family and others in all 64 people to iowa. the four planes were airborne by 10:30 am. the four aircraft from washington dc landed in cedar rapids shortly for 2:00 pm and now i give you the radio coverage of the events turning in cedar rapids at the airport. >> good afternoon. this is grand prize reporting from the burial site in herbert hoover memorial park in west branch iowa wherein a little more than one hour the body of the 30 first president of the united states will be laid to rest. we switch to cedar rapids musical airport and martin jensen. >> approaching from the east in
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final approach is the plane which carries the remains of iowa's only president, the plane is now nearing the runway. has touched the ground. down the strip. hundreds of people arrayed along the fences. from the front of the april all the way around the terminal on one side and out for several hundred yards to the west of the terminal the inside of the terminal filled with people here to view the arrival of mister hoover's body. the hoover family, the very closest friends walking down the steps, by governor hughes. the big cargo plane very slowly
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goes to its destination. the point on the runway 3 feet ahead of where it now stands. family and close friends. coming directly toward us escorted by army officer and governor hughes. the entire group of close friends and relatives now moving into position directly in front of us between us and the big airplane that carries the president, former president's body. it was carrying mister hoover's body and the for road american flag. on one side of the flag a sailor carrying in m1 rifle on the other side a marine flag
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appears to be made by an army enlisted man. ruffles and flourishes and hail to the chief by the band, 30 fourth division band and now fight the good fight in one of the papers of mister hoover's. ♪♪ >> the coffin bearing his body will be removed from the airport, air force transport. pallbearers are proceeding down the ramp with flags over top the total view. under the apron. eight members of the armed
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forces, soldiers, marines. now lined, colorguard on the american side. leading the pallbearers to the hearse. slowly marked. ♪♪ the hearse - the coffin
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being placed now inside the vehicle that will take it to west branch, members of the military standing at attention throughout the entire ceremony. the funeral party aligned doing the movement of the coffin to the hearse. the door swings shut on the hurst, the pallbearers stand back at attention. the rifles down from present arms. the officers dropped her salute. as the funeral party now
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approaches the west branch location, the mourners, members of the official funeral party are brought up on one side of the top of the goal on which the barrier site is located and ringing all the way around the hoover birthplace park, around the fence particularly on the side next to the town are the people, friends of herbert hoover great and small who have come out to pay their final respects to this man who will be buried here within the hour. the beauty of the scene is one which is difficult to describe. it is past the peak of summer
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green but established upon the burial site, which were brought here to the west branch site and chief among them is the wreath on the president of the united states, a wreath with red, white and blue carnations. it is difficult to establish the size of the crowd which is gathered here, but it is very very large. if i look across to the west i see there are also lined up people behind the fence, behind the military gordon established by 240 members of the iowa national guard looking across the valley from this hilltop to the hill upon which west branch sits.
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and there are 40 deep. and the curving crew to the library itself. in the back, in the cornfield which has been turned into a parking lot this day people are lined up along that fence also and it must stretch a distance of at least half a mile. the traffic situation became acute, traffic was backed up a mile or more. >> from along the route of the funeral court one mile north of interstate 80 on highway 218, it was 35 miles an hour, the commanding general of the u.s. army, lieutenant general cd dodge, official guards and
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escort vehicles which within minutes, and interview of bob nelson on interstate 80 on the last leg of the trip. large number of cars with a glimpse along cortez and down the highway. returning you to our central studio. >> west on interstate 80. we heard the body of president over, the only iowa never to become president, chief executive west of the mississippi believe the interstate in the final half-mile to the gravesite. >> on the north side of the funeral all where we have in view the hearse, the honor guard drawn up beside it representing all members of the
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armed services, the colorguard standing on the opposite side of the roadway. the door of the hearse has now been opened, body barriers moving the casket, the coffin a short distance, a few inches out of the car for the phase of the ceremony, the final honors to mister hoover playing four times the ruffles and flourishes and the national anthem. members of the family now standing on gravel road. ♪♪ [the star-spangled banner]
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♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪
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♪♪ ♪♪
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>> the army band concluded playing the national anthem and immediately begins the notes of the battle hymn of the republic. mister hoover's favorite hand, this is the signal for the funeral party to move from the cortez to the gravesite. the colors unfurled on the first notes of ruffles and flourishes. moving back slowly. which at one point is very steep. now the process and begin this.
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coming into my view, the united states fifth army, the escort commander where this funeral service immediately behind him, the national detail, army man and marine, with her clergyman will preside at the religious service at the grave and passing before my view, borne by service men obtaining the body of the 30 first person -- president of the united states coming home to rest.
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herbert junior and their wives and 7 grandchildren of herbert hoover immediately behind and passing in front of our vantage point the governor of iowa immediately behind him, the republican candidate for president of the united states and then the very close friends of the family and military as to proceeding slowly to the green with its canopy of trees. looking out over the valley, the hoover library and cottage where this man was born.
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the funeral procession slowly into place. the change in the darkness with the heritage which president hoover new and cherished, we shall begin the service with a period of reverend silence into which we ask you all to join. let us pray, what worked through the lives of men, with
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the life of herbert hoover, for the passion or deep humility or is unchecked integrity for his family life or his abiding faith in jesus christ. make this a time of rejoicing and uncorrupted life and the hope of glory, which was entered and make us rejoice, nothing can separate us or him
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from the love of christ, amen. it would be suitable at this time, the noblest passages of the new testament which are concerned with the resurrection in christ. there is one glory of the son and another glory of the moon and another glory of the stars, it is different from stars in glory. the resurrection of the dead, what is so is -- perishable, was raised using perishable. it is sown in dishonor, raised in glory.
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it is sown in weakness, raised in power. it is sown in the physical body, raised in spiritual body. i tell you, we shall not all sleep but we shall be changed. in the twinkling of an eye, the trumpet will sound and the dead will be raised imperishable, we shall be changed or this perishable must put on imperishable and this mortal must put on immortality. when the perishable puts on the imperishable and the mortal puts on immortality then it shall come to pass, swallowed
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up in victory, where is your victory? where is your state? thanks be to god's us the victory through our lord jesus christ who then shall separate us from the love of christ, or distress, persecution or famine or nakedness or parol or sward, no, in all of these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us for i -- neither death nor life,
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principalities, all things present nor things to come, powers nor height nor depth nor anything else in all creation that separate us from the love of god in christ jesus our lord. we have gathered here to honor one of the great men of the twentieth century. it is the story of what is best for the american heritage, we seldom demonstrate, which is infinitely precious in the it provides a standard by which we may judge our relative failures as well as our really active -- relative successes.
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as far as what we truly prize, the basic orientation of the republic is likely to be sound. we perform a service when we try to make the nature, and the president of the united states of america has represented with unusual fidelity. first there is the beginning which combines reverence, frugality and toil. herbert hoover belongs to the procession of hard-working and about loving quaker pioneers, across the nation, strong communities at each point, west milton, ohio and west branch
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where important stopping places, hoover's move from the atlantic to the pacific, the quaker cemeteries, with the miami river and the west branch iowa, a symbol of something precious in american history and symbols of people close to the soil. to almighty god who made it. it is important to remember the life of toil and reverence, led naturally to the life of learning so they were set up at each stopping place along the way, herbert hoover is a boy should be attracted to stanford university in its opening, was therefore in no way surprising. expectation of hard work carried over into the life of
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learning, in those glorious years when stanford's new. amazing good fortune, the study of geology and study latin under a man as remarkable as professor augustus t murray. the result wasn't unending spiritual influence which reached its climax in the days in the white house. herbert hoover's work as a geologist in mining, engineer, was brilliantly successful. the judgment was right in thinking of this vocational chapter, for larger work. the great days at the end of the first world war. herbert hoover in his mission of compassion was the most influential man in europe
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constituted not an interlude in herbert hoover, a rare fulfillment. from which he was being faithful, when in which public service - consciously nourished ideals, required every question, the life to which god had called him, whether humble or exalted. the conception that could be mentioned without self-consciousness. each person should show diligence in his calling, that he should purchase simplicity and that he should accept responsibility for some unique contribution to the total community. the most important thing to say
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about herbert hoover is he has demonstrated an ethic which is identical with that which made america great. some suppose we have outgrown it or we ought to outgrow it but a life like that which we honor today is the best reputation of that position. it is not unreasonable to see herbert uber's life in 6 major chapters, first, a boy in iowa and oregon. third, engineer in various countries, director of relief. it might be supposed the last
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of these chapters - and said his influence has gone from strength to strength. became very ideal of the elder states. speaking seldom, counseling untold numbers of men and women and standing as a symbol of moral strength. when great man, above the possibility of her option, or recognized, never sought personal gain or even payment for public service. as the years have gone after the end of the white house days through the great depression, through the second world war and through the years which succeeded them, there is no thoughtful person in the united
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states who did not come to see the unfairness of the judgment of those who blamed mister hoover for what was in reality a worldwide economic summit. in his magnificent patience mister over did not worry about the outcome. he had been right, he knew he had been unjustly blamed and by wonderful grace he left long enough to see the time when what had been a problem was a problem no longer. indeed, as we see the events of 35 years ago, the critics were harder than the criticized, this is particularly true, they raise their own public
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standards by seeking to harm. they stand up for all to see and the public made judgments. the chapters are now over. in one sense the volume is complete but there is another sense in which it is still going on. herbert hoover will be remembered as long as the american dream is cherished because he is a great extent the last of the famous pioneers, even represents the westward track. he represents dignified, the way remarkable degree, it is an compassionate service to mankind.
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he has been very brave, he has endured. how appropriate it would is mortal of him should finally rest after all his struggles and his victories, in his native soil midway in the western track near the middle of north america. never favored for the living space which is indigenous in which he lived and served and died. the story is a great one and it is a good one. it is essentially a story that is triumph and reasonable.
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today our mood should be one of rejoicing. this is not a time for tears. this corruption has put on incorruption, this mortal has put on immortality. death is swallowed up in victory, thanks be to god which gave us the victory through our lord jesus christ and now let me ask this company to bow their heads in prayer for the final prayer for this our prayer.
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most gracious father, bless this great gathering of your children in this place of memory, of beauty peace. each one of dedication and new compassion. a company of memory and of hope. as we pay our final respects to thy servant, herbert hoover. therefore we commit his body to the ground. and his soul to buy eternal
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keeping. amen. >> conduct the burial service. the microphone is to one side. operations are being made. president johnson. he will a the presidential reef, now picking placed at the front of the casket by general dodge, fifth army commander. general dodge steps back has the ceremony is about to conclude.
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[taps] ♪♪ >> rendering taps, now being folded over the simple cough and. the body bearers - an air force man standing at attention at
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the presidential flag, the national colorguard made of navy, army, and marine personnel bearing the national colors. the national anthem being folded over the coffin of herbert hoover. now being passed by the body bearers, the list of men reaches forward, dodge takes it and places under his left arm, colleges salute.
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the body bearers now step back, the colorguard begins to move out. the body bearers behind them moving out over the green. the military detail moves forward. general dodge steps up to herbert hoover junior and present to him the national flag which was used in this funeral service for the nation's 30 first president. the casket stands now over the grave of the wreath, the flowers resting upon it. at the front of the casket as
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the presidential reef made up of red, white and blue carnations and all around the green, flowers of every description including one made up in the form of a cross of white flowers, another the shield of the united states colors and the tribute which the nation has paid to the 30 first president of the united states is at the end. this is graham price speaking from the herbert hoover burial site returning you to our
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studios. >> that's that. >> thank you. we have a couple of minutes and a lot of questions to run through and several others wondering why do they refer to them as body carriers instead of pallbearers. was that a cultural thing at the time? is there a story behind that terminology? >> probably a cultural -- i think it could be old-school. throughout almost all the radio men referred to the box in which the body was in as a coffin. that is incorrect. it was a casket. a coffin is a diamond-shaped, picture a kite with the top and
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bottom cut off. you see them in 1920s horror movies and all that. that is a coffin. rectangular, he was buried in a rectangle. i suspect they are just out of date. >> when was the last time mister hoover visited the birthplace in west branch? >> in west branch in 1962 for the dedication of the library and prior to that it was his eightieth birthday in 1954. >> henry died 20 years before him and was buried in california. when was she en route to west branch? >> in terms of mister hoover within a week. ..
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>> at one week. before the this is who in california. [inaudible]. a 24 hour guide rated. >> while it was during the ceremony when that happened yes. >> and truman and eisenhower candidate, and washington in the branches. [inaudible]. >> they were not in washington, their health problems were came up and neither mr. eisenhower truman were on hand in dc or in west branch. the messages, of mr. hoover and
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sent their condolences to the family by medical problems or left him unable to actually attend anyplace. >> and there were some questions on, in new york or at the waldorf and was the cause of death. >> he was at the waldorf, it was technically, they say that it was cancer but actually it was internal bleeding and hemorrhaging, they had been dealing with for three or four days, october 16, october 17th they had given him lots of blood transfusions and all kinds of paramedic type of assistance at the waldorf but his body world and gave up the ghost doesn't
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work and about 1135 in the morning on the 20th. and there's family nearby. >> later, at west branch. >> right, their burial the west branch cemetery year as is alan hoover, their son. >> what was the cemetery i have never been up that way. >> it is kind of by the west branch high school to the north west of town. >> and we saw the video of the cargo plane coming in to cedar rapids. and also air force one pretty
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western air force one of that time. what was an exclusive. >> at that time, that would not have been, i don't think it was standard procedure of the military operations for the presidential funeral so that would've been strictly u.s. army, the military air transport service that flew that plane so it would not have been air force one unless they had made some kind of compensation to allow that. but i don't think so. and more recent presidential heroes, i don't think air force one is used, i don't recall being used. but maybe so because they have during the day while i am at
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work. >> and also, at least the 21 gun salute. were they doing that west bank. >> that was a concern and in the family asked not to have the 21 gun salute. >> and through the upbringing. >> the funeral was here on a sunday, sunday afternoon, 21 rifles and in washington from the 21 gun salute. at the train station in where you came in at the airport, it was not just a rifle bang bang. they were not going to bring that to us branch the rifleman had just will think of it is a distraction in the middle of the afternoon to have the 21 gun salute.
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if it were shot down by the family. >> there is an important role played where he and i - >> yes, i believe he was an mi be in the after action most of the information that i had a that from the events in washington, new york, they came from the army after action report that we have on file that if there isn't any other specific questions, and running out of time, all zip off an e-mail to hoover . library at archive . gop and our staff will be able to answer that. we have very limited access so with the covid-19 cases hi, we have very limited access to the library but at least one of our archive staff is in every day .if a question about the
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pictures. >> your tremendous resource and even the presidential and other historical moments. and all of those documents have been scoured. it's really a great wealth of information there pretty and is open to the public and you can go in and do the research, justt right at this time but once we are when the covid-19 stuff wanes a little bit more it will open up again and that is open for anybody to use. this is great information and thank you for this. and we would like to thank you for joining us tonight for an excellent presentation at and also like to thank the hoover library museum t
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