tv [untitled] CSPAN June 5, 2009 9:30pm-10:00pm EDT
hard to be a good mother to her children. one of the questions i had last time, when people look at these unemployment rates, it is not just people who don't have any job at all, but we have seen a decrease in hours and people who have a job, but it is not as extensive as they would like. they are not getting as many hours as they would like. what are those numbers, this month? >> they'll tell a similar pattern in terms of a struggling labor market. the part-time for economic reasons we now have 9.1 million people who are part-time and would rather be full time. that is an increase of 174,000 included in the unemployment rate. -- that are not included in the unemployment rate. we have an increase in discouraged workers of about 400,000 for the year as well. about almost 400,000 over the year. >> ok so when you include those workers -- when you include the
discouraged workers what is the unemployment rate than? >> it goes up to 16.4%. >> and those are people that have just given up looking for a job? >> accommodation either people who are underemployed or had given up and those who actually are unemployed and still looking. >> when you see unemployed are those people that don't have as many hours as they would like? >> no it doesn't. >> so can you include those or is that too difficult? >> people working part time and want to be full-time are counted, but just the small change in the hours, that is not reflected. >> you said earlier in your testimony as we look at different sectors that we still see the manufacturing way down. wires construction? have we seen any change in that the last month? >> we've had a little moderation in the job loss in construction. >> what was that? >> it dropped 59,000 which is a little better than it has been.
40,000 of that was nonresidential. >> okay. so, where is that now, construction, the on and plame garate? >> i don't know by industry. >> blip but this was a cross sector but also across geographic area while some states have it worse, it was clear it was going on across the united states and that is when we realized it was a year ago that this was going to be a big problem. our state now, we lag about a month but the 8.2% down to 8.1 on employment have you seen improvements in certain areas of the country in the last few months is there any kind of trend? >> you know, i haven't, i haven't looked to see what the trend is like by state.
obviously the state on employment numbers are consistent with average number so i would expect if there's been -- to hasn't been much improvement in the unemployment rate so i would expect the increase. >> well, where have you seen -- what are the most highest unemployment rates, which states and what are they? and does this lab by a month or are these the current statistics? this was lagging by months we will have them in a week or so. we have nine states now in double digits, oregon, michigan, north carolina, south carolina, nevada, rhode island, california, ohio and puerto rico all have double-digit unemployment rates right now. >> so you see them early in all parts of the country but could it be possible it's more focused with states that have more manufacturing. although oregon i don't think it's that. >> yeah, i think there is a bit
of a correlation. some of the manufacturing states started with higher unemployment rates and also had a higher rise in unemployment. >> i will save some questions for the second round. >> thank you. commissioner hall, we have got a number of constituents i am sure watching you right now. and we have got young people coming out of college, and we've got folks that have lost their jobs statistics, where would you say to them they were tried and to find a job? what kind of areas might want to look based upon what you see? what might be their best chance of getting employment? >> it's hard for me to recommend something. >> i am not necessarily asking you to recommend i am just trying to see where the jobs
are. >> during the recession the amit consistent top growth has been health care and maybe government a little bit. almost everything else has seen job loss and almost every sector now pays expected to see some job loss. so it's hard to say at least right now where there is likely to be growth. >> when i listen to your testimony, and i don't want us to have on rosy glasses because i want us to be very realistic in dealing with the lives of people and people try and to take care of their families. but when i see numbers where we were losing 600,000 plus jobs in april if the and 500 some the last few months and then we go to 345 that seems to have some kind of significance. any time you are cutting
something in half, to me that sounds a significant. do you see it that way? >> yes, i do. it is encouraging the job loss has moderated. and while this is not good news this is what we would hope to see on the way to good news. in other words this is a labor market that isn't falling as fast as it was before. >> one of the things i believe is very important in all of this recovery that we are trying to exercise here is that there must be some kind of consumer confidence. is there a connection between the overall consumer confidence and level of direction of on employment rates? >> i would say yes especially when you have large changes in consumer confidence. and by far the most important thing in the economy is consumer spending. it's 7% of the economy. a good portion of the rest of the economy depends upon upon consumer spending so it is
significant if consumer confidence starts to fall or if it is rising from levels we have seen lately. that is potentially a significant thing for the future. >> so let's do some addition here. we have got a reduction in their rate of lost jobs, and of course here recently we had in consumer confidence. you were aware of that? >> yes. >> can we expect this good news to shop and unemployment numbers the next few months? is that a reasonable expectation or is there a history of that kind of thing happening? because again, we want to give the american people inaccurate, don't want to be too rosy i just wanted to be accurate, as best we can be that we of course. >> if consumer confidence leads to stronger consumer spending that will lead to an improvement
in the labour market. >> are the effects on consumer confidence confined to households that directly experience job loss? >> no, it's not. it is -- there is a cycle when you start a recession where consumer spending goes down, they start to have job loss and the job loss means further reduction in consumer spending so there's a cycle downward. there's also a cycle that can occur upwards of consumer confidence and spending increases that slows the job loss and maybe gets the job gain and that means higher consumer spending so you have the cycle working backwards. >> so to summarize what you just said it sounds like we are moving in the right direction maybe not as fast as we would like to but at least we are moving in the right direction. >> yes. >> and how high would -- we've
got the slowdown in job loss but we've got an increase in on a planet. at what point do we -- what you think we would begin to see the unemployment comedown in relationship to the job loss? what kind of numbers which you need to see for that to be the case? >> the way i think about it is we need to see ye not job growth to match the growth in the labour force, growth in the populations so if we get the job growth of like 125,000 a month that is consistent with a constant on employment rate. so we need somewhere above that see the unemployment rate go down. >> my time is expired. mr. brady. >> thank you mr. chairman. you noted a moment ago states with the highest unemployment rate, which brings to mind a report, a review of the stimulus spending down by usa today
recently where it said basically that the states hit the hardest by the recession has received only a few of the government's first stimulus contracts, even though the new federal spending was meant to target places with economic pain has been particularly severe or view of the nearly $4 billion of contracts that have been awarded by the massive stimulus package according to this report. in review, the government has only spent about $7.42 per person in states with high unemployment. the economy is worse there. north dakota with the lowest unemployment rate has received about $26 per person, so apparently those contracts are not going to the states that need it the most. that is consistent with the review by the associated press that points out recently that states are planning to spend 50% more per person in areas with low unemployment than areas with
highest unemployment, to quote the ap the trend in the analysis runs counter to expectations raised by the president that road infrastructure money from the historic $787 billion stimulus plan with trade jobs in the areas most devastated by layoffs. does your analysis show high on employment states, the ones that are struggling most, that there has been an impact from these stimulus dollars? is their anything, again, going back to your numbers is their anything here that confirms or denies this type of analysis? >> we wouldn't be able to tell. >> the reason i ask and i do think it's important to go to the numbers is people back home really are struggling. texas has a better economy than most but we are feeling it as well and if you talk to the retailers the arnold seeing increase in spending. there are activity and the
infrastructure dollars which we should have done far greater investment than we did in squandering some of the money and stimulus. our folks back home just want to know the truth. you know, they hear the president's director of the budget peter orszag tells cnn the effects of the stimulus would be felt in weeks to months. larry summers, director of national economic council told cnn wolf platts search you'll see the effects begin almost immediately. christine romer along with vice president claiming 150,000 jobs have already been created said we will turn the corner and start adding jobs and then we've got a press secretary sitting stimulus has already started to save and create jobs. the stimulus has already started to save and create jobs get when you look at the numbers they don't seem to bear that out.
the on unemployment rate being probably the most dramatic comparison of the claims of the administration and the real economy. as you bring reports in the future is it possible for you to do deeper analysis on the effects of the stimulus or of targeting those states of the higher unemployment rate so that we can see if there is some impact that we ought to be encouraged by, and again, no spin, just facts, how do we get to the facts? >> we just aren't geared up and it's not our mission to do that sort of analysis. to be honest, we are fully adopted by counting the number of jobs month by month to. to put it in perspective we are talking 135 million payroll jobs we are measuring every month, so we just couldn't try to figure out the effects of the stimulus package in that.
.. i can tell you, for what it is worth, we got a bond of about 7000 last month. the census added -- >> that would be a bump. 7 million. did we get a bond last month because of the census? >> yes, and we lost about 18,000 because of the census. >> the loss was 21,000 from the autumn manufacture. that will be reflected in the manufacturing sector? >> yes. >> last question.
jobs lost from dealerships being close reflected in the services? >> under retail trade, we have auto dealerships. >> thank you, mr. casey. >> thank you, mr. chairman. a brief comment on some of the points that congressman brady is making. at some point, we're all going to know whether this recovery bill worked or didn't work. you're either on one side or the other in terms of supporting it. i'm glad that i voted for it. i believe that i am seeing -- that we are seeing positive impact from it. can you back up that on every point with numbers, probably not. we're seeing it on the ground. there are jobs being created. created but it's still kind of early to tell whether or not the recovery bill has had the impact we wanted it
to have. 'll know soon enough. there'll be a history written of this time period and one side or the other is going to be mostly right or mostly wrong. so i think it's a little early but i know there's a debate about that. i wanted to go back to one point in the unemployment rate for minorities but in particular, minority women as opposed to the white female number. the unemployment rate for white females- do you have that number as compared to african-american women and hispanic women? >> sure. the unemployment rate for white women is 6.9%. >> 6.9? >> for african-american women,
it is 11.2%. >> okay. and how about -- is the hispanic female number 10.5, 10.5? >> yes. >> okay. i mean, we're seeing a gap there between -- similar to the gap on overall white versus african-american versus hispanic. it's reflected as well in the female worker numbers. is there anything that in the data that jumps out that explains that or is that -- is that typical in terms of the month-to-month or year to year job numbers because it's troubling that we have double-figure numbers for minorities both -- double figure numbers both for minorities generally and in particular for subsets of that as opposed to
white male or female workers. but there may not be anything that you can tell us but i'm just curious if there's anything in the numbers that jumps out to explain that or to put that into context? >> no. in fact, that gap is typical during economic expansions, during recessions. it's just a gap that exists, in fact, during recessions the rise in unemployment for the minority groups typical rises further. so i don't have -- i don't have a ready explanation for it. >> sure. no, thank you very much. >> senator klobuchar? >> thank you very much. one other area we talked about last month, commissioner hall, was vernon employment. it's startling in the country those who come back in the last few years the unemployment rate of veterans since the gulf war is higher than the unemployment rate for people who have not served our country and part of
that i believe is because when they leave they have a job and then the -- because they're gone as the unemployment rates going up and jobs are going away, it's harder for them to get a job when they come back. i know that last month that the unemployment rate for veterans since the gulf war was 10.3% which includes the current wars in afghanistan and iraq. what is that rate now? >> for may the gulf war-era veterans unemployment rates 11.4%. >> uh-huh. so it actually -- did it go up from last month then? >> i think that's -- i think that's correct. i don't have that data right in front of me. that's probably correct but we can check on that if you'd like. >> yeah, could you? i would just like to see how much it's gone up each month because i think it's a big concern that we keep having that happen. chairman cummings asked you about young people and what you say to young people about what the -- what the foreseeable future and i do appreciate some of the numbers that we've seen
and that we've seen as you said that we may be on the way to good news or those were your words in terms of the bottoming out here. but one of the things i know we've talked about before is the unemployment rate for different degrees of education. so when we're talking to young people i think it's important for them to understand what is the unemployment rate for high school dropouts this month? >> 15.5%. >> 15.5%? and then what's the unemployment rate for high school graduates? >> 10%. >> uh-huh. and then what is the unemployment rate for college graduates? >> 4.8%. >> that is quite a difference. and i know one of the president's main focus here has been for -- i think he said that students should get one year of college or post-high school or some kind of advanced education so you see this drama change from 15.5 to 10% to 4.8% if you have a college degree so there's
a full difference going from 15.5 if you haven't graduated from high school to 4.8% if you've graduated from college. is that correct? >> that's correct. >> the other thing that i've noticed as we look at some glimmers of hope here, we talked about our unemployment rate in minnesota. but the commerce department recently reported that pretax profits at u.s. corporations rose from $42.6 billion in the first quarter to $1.3 trillion. the first quarterly increase after six straight declines. were you aware of those numbers? >> no, i wasn't. >> this just came out recently. we do know that profitable companies are more likely to hire than those that are faultering. have you seen this before in the unemployment rates when you have more profitable companies that you will not exactly that same month but you may see more hiring in the future? >> yeah, i'm not sure at the company level but i know on the
national numbers you do tend to see the -- during early parts of expansion you do see the profits going up prior to the employment. but the employment does lag a little bit but it almost always goes in that order. >> right. so that -- that that this fact that we've seen some better profitability rates for our companies, which is as i said it is the first -- it's the first quarterly increase after six straight quarter declines. so that's after like a year and a half. so this could be a good sign if you believe my numbers which i believe are accurate. >> yes. >> all right. and i know that chairman cummings brought up the consumer confidence. that when we talked about that a lot last month because there's increases in unemployment but at the same time the consumer confidence numbers are going up which may again help with people buying things; is that right? >> that's correct. >> sort of as we look at what -- what the glimmers of hope here to summarize just from my
perspective, we have the fact that the companies seem to be not in every sector but some of these companies seem to be evening out or actually seeing some -- some improvement. we have consumer confidence up. what are the other glimmers of hope that you see? >> just to me a lot of it revolves around consumer spending even the profitability of companies relies on consumer spending picking up. >> uh-huh. >> having -- like i say, having the consumer confidence pick up is a good sign. the consumer confidence doesn't always track well with consumer spending but it does for major changes. that's the sort of thing, i think, that i find encouraging, you know, the -- i don't know how i would judge the housing market but that's going to be an important thing probably in the recovery going forward. >> yeah, do you have any statistics on that because actually i had some realtors in my office from minnesota, like 30 of them, and they had been
very glum every time they came in, every six months and suddenly they were in very upbeat moods. compared to how they were before. and they said that they were starting to sell a number of first time homes. they said the tax credit was incredibly helpful. the $8,000 tax credit that as we reach the end of the year that a lot of younger people who are first time home buyers were starting to buy. you would most likely not have those statistics. or do you? >> yeah, you know, i don't -- i don't have the statistics right in front of me but i have a rough -- a rough notion that the -- certainly the inventory of new home sales is still pretty high. i think it's like a year's worth of inventory. but i think it's kind of like the job growth. it's not as high as it was but it's still high. >> exactly. >> i haven't looked at the numbers really carefully lately but my general impression is that i agree with you. that there maybe are some
indications that the decline in the housing is slowing. >> all right, thank you very much, commissioner hall. >> just one last -- just a few questions, mr. hall. according to a study by the national center for public policy and education, i want to piggyback of the excellent questions of miss klobuchar, the rising cost of college even before the recession threatens to put higher education out of reach for most americans. the report found published college tuition and fees increased 439% from 1982 to 2007 while median income rose 147%. student borrowing has more than doubled in the last decade and students from lower-incomed families on the average get smaller grants from the colleges they attend than students from more affluent families. "new york times" recently reported the shrinking endowments colleges are looking
more favorably on wealthier students. even on institutions that have pledged to admit students are finding a way of studies who will pay the full cost of tuition and state and local government budget deficits will probably mean that state college and community college tuitions will have to rise. in light of the questions miss klobuchar asked about dropouts high school graduates and college graduates given the factors that i just stated, isn't it likely that income disparities will grow if only wealthier families can afford to send their children to college? >> the benefits to education -- people with higher education have higher wages. they have lower unemployment rates. they have higher labor force participation rates. that's been going on for decades. and that's not likely to change in the future. >> so in other words, the more education you have.
>> yes >> the less you are likely to lose your job. >> correct? >> and was that true in the -- in the 1980s and 1990s? >> it's been true for decades. >> and workers who are less educated are more likely to lose their jobs currently and, therefore, less able to be able to send their children to college. what does that mean about income disparities for the next generations and other things being equal? >> uneven access to education means you have uneven outcomes in the labor market. i think that's a safe thing to say and that will probably continue to be true. >> very well. do you have anything else, mr. brady >> no. >> miss klobuchar? >> no, i don't. >> i think miss klobuchar pretty much summarized it. it's good to hear some news not going in the negative direction. you've given us is few things to
feel a bit optimistic about and hopefully when we see you next month, we'll have even better news. but thank you very much. >> thank you. [captioning performed by national captioning institute] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2009] >> later, vice president biden commented on the labor department's job numbers from the white house. >> this morning, we received another reminder of the challenges facing working families. the nation's payroll contracted again last month. 345,000 jobs in the unemployment rate rose to 9.4%.
the highest jobless rate in almost 26 years. although these numbers are tough, they also -- they are also much more than numbers. it is a community trying to make it to the deepest recession in a decade. they are hurt badly by it. there are also some signs of hope today in the report. and few signs that our actions to get this economy back on track are beginning to make some difference. analysts as zeno have expected that we would lose as -- more than five and a thousand jobs -- more than 500,000 jobs. instead, we lost three 45,000 jobs -- at 345,000 jobs. that is the lowest number of job loss since this last september. we are
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