tv [untitled] CSPAN June 10, 2009 1:00pm-1:30pm EDT
annual report on human rights practices. it requires the state department to identify countries in which there are violation of freedom of the press and whether they participate in or condone the violation. the daniel parole freedom of the press act also establishes a gravent program aimed at broadening and strengthening media international. it will provide regional training to journalists to help them meet international standards. again i thank the chairman for his leadership on human rights issues and the support of the daniel parole freedom of the press -- daniel pearl freedom of the press act. the chair: the gentlewoman from florida. ms. ros-lehtinen: i yield three minutes to the gentleman from nebraska, mr. fortenberry. the chair: the gentleman is recognized. .
today. mr. speaker, a muslim cleric once whispered to me, do not forget the goodness of america. america is justice. while much has changed in the world in recent years, the core ideals that made the united states a generous, principled, and prosperous nation, the commitment to justice for all remain unchanged. we are now entwined in a more interdependent world which entails a potential for great good or great harm. we can innovate to build sustainable capacities to help all persons achieve their full potential or we can find ourselves in a race against time in seeking to prevent advanced technological capacities such as nuclear weapons development from serving tyrannical purposes that aim to destroy and subjugate
free people. while not always popular i believe it is essential to engage other nations as a force for good in the world by maintaining a robust and effective diplomatic and assistance framework. this is why i do support some of the more aggressive proposals contained in this measure such as the augmentation of foreign service officers at the department of state and the united states agency for international development. we simply cannot respond to monumental changes in the world with an overextended work force and diminished capacities to accomplish complex and difficult assignments. however it does concern me that many people throughout the world hold a dualistic view toward our country given the nature of government that we have been very fortunate to inherit and now must shebbered. people of the world look to us for hope -- shepherd. people of the world look to us for hope and see the united states as a force for great good. however on the other hand they
are wary of the imposition of controversial western style notions upon them. for instance, pursuant to secretary clinton's recent testimony before the house foreign affairs committee, we are now forced with a policy that equates abortion advocacy with health care advocacy. a policy that is very divisive in our own country and one that many nations around the world will repudiate. it is not consistent with internationally accepted notions of human rights. such a policy will undermine the very relationships that we are seeking to strengthen through this measure. while i see great value in strengthening our foreign relations overall, i remain deeply concerned that the bill before us today provides a framework for injecting jarring and discordant notes from divisive and unresolved domestic disputes here in our country into u.s. foreign policy. we should be using this process to find our common ground to develop the tools that actually bind the human family, lift
weary human hearts around the world, provide justice for all, especially vulnerable persons, including the elderly, the mother and her unborn child, instead of -- and trying to propose the resistance to tyranny and twisted ideologies. i yield back. the chair: the gentleman from california. mr. berman: yes, mr. chairman. i'm pleased to yield a minute and a half to the very active and distinguished member of the committee, ms. sheila jackson lee, the gentlelady from texas. the chair: the gentlewoman from texas is recognized for 1 1/2 minutes. ms. jackson lee: i thank the speaker. i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. i thank the chairman. thank you very much to both the chairman and the ranking member of the full committee, chairman berman, ranking member ros-lehtinen. it is too short a time to talk about the catastrophic positive effect that this will have on the american people, their security and their position in the world. we have always been a country that recognizes the importance
of minding our own business, but frankly also understand the importance of being a good friend. i rise to support h.r. 2410 because this legislation authorizes the hiring of 1,500 additional foreign service officers over the next two years. if you have visited these embassies as i have, you know they are the positive face of america. they work hard, they engage in negotiations, more importantly they solve problems. we also put -- put forward the necessary resources for the u.n. peacekeeping missions in darfur fuhr, -- darfur, the republic of congo and chad. and my leglation on ensuring that continue to push for the comprehensive peace agree is in this legislation. then i'm extremely delighted and pleased that section 1104 has placed by bill into this legislation which dictates it is the purpose of of this section to increase global stability and security for the united states and the international community
and decrease trafficking and discrimination by reducing the number of individuals who are de facto stateless. this will help women and children, those who have been dispossessed, those who are victim of human trafficking. some of those case vs. found themselves into my own community in texas. let me again, mr. chairman, say that i rise to support h.r. 2410 and yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from florida. ms. ros-lehtinen: thank you, mr. chairman. i'm pleased to yield three minutes to the gentleman from south carolina, mr. inglis, a member of our foreign affairs committee. the chair: the gentleman from south carolina is recognized for three minutes. mr. inglis: i thank the gentleman for yielding. my colleagues, here is an exchange in the foreign affairs committee that was very instructive when it comes to abortion and this bill. our colleague, chris smith, the tireless advocate for the unborn, was asking questions of secretary clinton. secretary clinton said these
words to our friend, chris smith. so we have a very fundamental disagreement, she said, and it is my strongly held view that you, chris smith, are entitled to advocate and everyone who agrees with you should be free to do so anywhere in the world and so are we. so who is the we? if that we means the federal government, the united states of america through its state department, the secretary of state speaking we, then there's a real concern about whether this would then become the policy of the united states to advocate abortion overseas. so our friend, chris smith, proposed an amendment that was rejected by the rules committee that would have clarified this issue by saying that the u.s. will not lobby countries to, quote, legalize, fund, or promote abortion except in the
cases of forcible rape, incest, or save the life of a mother. that language was rejected by the rules committee. which means that the we that secretary clinton was talking about may be that the united states department of state is going to be about doing exactly what she was talking about, advocating the opposite position of what chris smith was talking. then the majority has inserted some language that is completely meaningless in this bill that was made in rule through the rules committee that has -- that goes on, i hesitate to read it because it really is rather convoluted, but it says that the bill does not affect, quote, existing statutory provisions, prohibitions or the use of funds to engage in any activity to alter the laws in effect in any foreign country concerning the circumstances under which abortion is prohibited,
regulated, or prohibited. that sounds interesting but the problem is it's a complete sham because the law apparently reference doesn't exist. so therefore there is no prohibition. so the language is meaningless. so we don't have the protection that our friend chris smith was urging in the rules committee and giving us an opportunity to vote on here in the floor to make it so the united states department of state is not actively advocating the overturning of abortion laws in foreign countries. and it is disturbing that the rules committee didn't make that in order but but made a sham amendment in order that does not do anything but actually just obfuscates the issue. which is very disappointing. so i urge my colleagues to oppose this measure. the chair: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from california. mr. berman: mr. chairman, i'm very pleased to yield to a great member of the committee, the
gentleman from missouri, mr. carnahan, one minute. the chair: the gentleman from missouri is recognized for one minute. mr. carnahan: thank you, mr. chairman. i rise in strong support of this foreign relations authorization act. it provides the necessary resources for the state department to fully carry out its core mission, u.s. diplomacy, based on smart power. as advanced by president obama and secretary of state clinton. from authorizing funding for the u.n., peacekeeping operations, for international organizations to establishing a critical study abroad program and doubling the size of the peace corps. this bill provides critical support for the state department and helping to restore our image around the world, all critical tools for u.s. diplomatic power. one of my particular interests is looking for ways to increase and enhance study abroad programs. having studied overseas myself in undergrad i'm very pleased with the inclusion of the paul simon study abroad act. american students who live and study in other countries not
only gain valuable experience but they serve as some of america's best ambassadors. i want to thank the chairman for including this provision as well as my amendment that will ensure existing study abroad programs have equal access to grant funding so they can expand their already successful missions. mr. chairman, thank you for your work on this bill. it will make a substantial difference in our diplomatic efforts to re-engage the world. i yield back. the chair: the gentleman's time has expired. ms. ros-lehtinen: i'd like to yield two minutes to the gentleman from texas, mr. paul, a member of our foreign affairs committee. the chair: the gentleman from tked -- is recognized for two minutes. mr. paul: i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the chair: without objection. mr. paul: i thank the gentlelady for yielding me these two minutes. i rise in opposition to this bill. some are hopeful this will be a less militaristic approach to our foreign policy but quite frankly i don't see any changes. i wish it were something that would represent a humble foreign policy, but when you put an extra $100 million into the
military operations of the united nations, i hardly think this is a change in direction. it's $18 billion, actually that is going into more meddling. we don't have $18 billion. the president now has asked us here in the congress to follow the pay-go rules. that might be a good idea if we setaside the idea we raise taxes. but we are not going to cut any domestic spending for this foreign spending. so the odds of this following the pay-go rule are essentially nill. i want to call attention to one provision in this that is rather disturbing to me and that's the civilian stabilization initiative. this is new. it's not invented by this administration, it was invented by the last administration. this is to set up a permanent standing nation building office with an employment or use of nearly 5,000 individuals. so what is the goal of this new initiative going to be?
it's to facilitate democratic and political transitions. now, if you want to talk about interfering in the internal affairs of other nations, that is exactly what this is all about. facilitating democratic and political transitions? of course we have been doing that for a long time. we have gotten ourselves into a lot of trouble doing it. we did it in 1953 and we are still suffering the consequences, but this is a little more honest. it's up front. we are actually supporting and funding a facility that would be involved in these transitions. the mandate in this is to reconstruct societies. that sounds wonderful. there's a lot of society that is need reconstruction. but so many of the societies that we have to reconstruct we helped to destroy or disrupt. think of what our troops and our money has done in afghanistan as well as iraq. i think this is -- this provision itself is enough reason to vote against this authorization. the chair: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentleman from california. mr. berman: mr. chairman, i'm
very pleased to yield the very distinguished chairman of the foreign affairs subcommittee on the western hemisphere, my friend from new york, mr. engel, two minutes. the chair: the gentleman from new york is recognized for two minutes. mr. engel: i thank the chairman. i especially want to thank him for his great leadership as chairman of our foreign affairs committee. i certainly support the legislation. this legislation reinvigorates the foreign affairs committee and provides a needed shot in the arm to american diplomacy. for too long we have not different our diplomats the resources they require and this bill provides a much needed boost to those serving on the frontlines around the world for our country. specifically h.r. 22410 authorizes 1,500 additional foreign service officers and doubles the size of the peace corps. as chairman of the subcommittee on the western hemisphere, i would also like to thank chairman berman for including several sections i developed to promote good relation was our partners in the americas.
first the bill incorporates the countries of the caribbean into the marriott initiative, a u.s. central america security partnership. the caribbean leaders told us they wanted this at the summit of the americas and i'm glad we have included this provision. second, the bill directs the state department to develop a public diplomacy plan to prepare haiti if temporary protected status is granted to haitians in the u.s. we need to grant t.p.s. to haitian nationals in the u.s. and must be ready to inform haitians in haiti that they should not leave if it is provided. third, it establishes a coordination of funding. merritt is too important to be lost in the bureaucratic shuffle. finally, the bill creates an interagency task force on the prevention of small arms trafficking and the western hemisphere. while recent media attention is focused on the high number of guns, 90% recovered from crime scenes in mexico that are originally from the u.s., this is not just a mexico issue.
jamaican prime minister told me that 90% of the guns recovered in jamaica also originate in the u.s. i am glead we are doing something about that in this bill. again, mr. chairman, thank you for your excellent work on the bill and for including these important sections that i urged. i look forward to voting for this bill and i yield back the balance of my time. . the chair: the gentlewoman from florida. ms. ros-lehtinen: we reserve at this time. the chair: the gentleman from california. mr. berman: the gentlelady reserves? the chair: the gentlelady reserves her time. mr. berman: in that case, i'm pleased to yield two minutes to the gentleman from american samoa, chairman of the committee on asia, pacific and the global environment, mr. faleomavaega. the chair: the gentleman is recognized for two minutes.
mr. faleomavaega: i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the chair: without objection. mr. faleomavaega: i rise in strong support of h.r. 2410 and thank the gentleman from california, the distinguished chairman of the committee on foreign affairs for his leadership and his ability to bring this bill before the floor. although there are several portions of the bill that my subcommittee had a part in introducing several portions of the legislation, i am especially appreciative of the -- for the inclusion of one of the provisions to rename the south pacific scholarship program in honor of one of the distinguished late members of this institution, the late congressman phil bhurton, chairman of the subcommittee on territories and affairs. the late congressman phil burton who served in the u.s. congress from 1964 to 1983
worked every day of his life to ensure that social justice and human dignity for all the people and the people of the pacific are especially grateful for his services. chairman burton was also the driving force in recognizing certain areas in the pacific region which our nation declared as a strategic trust after world war ii. formally known as the trust territories of the pacific islands, chairman burton, in consultation with the department of defense and other federal agencies and key officials of the administration played a pivotal role whereby as a result of these consulting as resulted in the congress approving certain compacts of free association for the republic of the marshall islands, the federal states of micronearbya and a relationship between the united states and the commonwealth of the northern mariana islands.
the president of palau has consented in helping us in terms of dealing with the wee garr people that hope -- the weeger people that hopefully the -- the weeger people hopefully this can be worked out. mr. berman: i yield the gentleman an additional 15 seconds. mr. faleomavaega: he was also instrumental in helping establish the pacific island development program. on that, i yield back. the chair: the gentleman yields back. the gentlewoman from florida. ms. ros-lehtinen: i continue trow serve. the chair: the gentleman from california. mr. berman: for purposes of a colloquy, mr. chairman, i'm pleased to yield a minute to a former member of the committee, member of the budget committee and ways and means committee,
mr. blumenauer. the chair: the gentleman from oregon is recognized. mr. blumenauer: i rise to urge that clean water and sanitation be addressed at the highest level of the state dapt and usaid. it remains the greatest preventable health problem, accounting for two million deaths a year ago, a child dying every 15 seconds and half the illness in the world. we can not meet our goals without addressing this crisis. on earth day, i introduced the bipartisan paul simon water for the world act with a goal to provide 100 billion of the world's poorest with first-time access to safe drinking water and sanitation. i'd like to work with you, mr. chairman to ensure that clean water and sanitation are adequately funded and related at the highest level of our diplomatic levels. mr. berman: i want to manifest clearly my intention to take up
a major recite writhe of foreign assistance legislation late they are year and we will address the issues raised in the water for the world act as part of that effort. mr. blumenauer: thank you, mr. chairman. i appreciate your attention to this critical issue and look forward to working with you. the chair: the gentlewoman from florida. ms. ros-lehtinen: i continue to reserve. the chair: the gentleman from california. mr. berman: i'm pleased to yield one minute to a friend for a very long time, a member of the committee, as well as the agriculture committee, mr. costa. the chair: the gentleman is recognized. mr. costa: thank you very much. i'd like to thank mr. berman and the work he and his staff have done on this bill. as we look an the -- i think all of us understand as we lo at the challenges we face around the world there has to be a utilization of all the
tools in our foreign policy toolbox to ensure we take care of america's interest and gain greater support in our interests abroad. smart power is a part of that effort. smart power allows us to reenergize our work around the world. specifically, the re-authorization allows us to do work the department of defense is doing more appropriately under the department of state. international organizations, strengthening the peace corps, focusing on drug trafficking and violence along our southern border. there's so many good thing this is measure does. smart power is often overlooked but it's a vital tool in this foreign policy toolbox. we've seen the benefits in afghanistan and iraq and need to continue to do that work. i thank the chairman and -- and his staff for the importance of the authorization. i urge all members to vote for this bill. ms. ros-lehtinen: i continue to reserve. the chair: the gentleman from california. mr. berman: i'm pleased to
yield a minute to a member of the foreign affairs committee, she was, then she wasn't, now she is, my friend from nevada, ms. berkley, one minute. the chair: the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. berkley: i thank the gentleman from california for yielding and for his work not only on this bill but our committee. this bill contains a number of important elements all my colleagues should support. it increases the diplomatic corps cramatically, allowing the hiring of an additional 1,500 foreign service officers over the next two years. it increases our financing of peacekeeping missions in darfur and chad. it doubles the size of the peace corps and sets out a plan for a better response to humanitarian needs worldwide. it also contains a sense of congress calling for the release of captive israeli soldier galad shalid.
he's been held hostage for three years and it's time to for him to be returned to his family. his return is a good way for them to show they're capable of diplomacy. i yield back. the chair: the gentlewoman from florida continues to reserve. the gentleman from california. mr. berman: mr. chairman, i'm pleased to yield one minute to a great member of our committee, also a member of the science and technology committee, the gentlelady from arizona, ms. giffords. the chair: the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. girds: thank you, chairman berman for your leadership and ranking member ros-lehtinen as well. i want to let you know that it's important that this provision that's going to be entered into the manager's amendment with support is important to the fundamental job we have as a member of
congress, our u.s. national security. a recent report of the national academies found that u.s. and national security and economic prosperity depend on full engagement in science, technology, and commerce. however, some of the unintended consequences of our current u.s. export control system have contributed to a situation in which the u.s. is now among leaders in science and technology but we no longer dominate. as chair of the science and technologies committee subcommittee on space and aeronautics, i'm concerned about our future leadership in space, especially as more nations seek to increase their space activities this provision directs the president to take into account the views of the federal departments and provide a report to congress on plans of the agencies to streamline u.s. export controls and processes to better serve the needs of the united states. we can't afford to undercut our technological competitiveness. the chair: the gentlewoman's time has expired.
the gentlewoman from florida continues to reserve. the gentleman from california. mr. behrman: i'm pleased to yield to another excellent member of the committee, former colleague that the legislature of california, ms. watson, ambassador watson, one minute. the chair: the gentlewoman is recognized for one minute. ms. watson: i rise in support of h.r. 2410, particularly the section that authorizes a way to enhance our public diplomacy efforts worldwide by ensuring diplomatic and consular mission libraries and resource centers are open to the public to show american-made films that promote american culture, principles and values. also there's another provision in section 214, public diplomacy resource centers, it amends the state department basic authorities act of 1956 to direct the secretary of state to ensure that diplomatic
and consular mission libraries and resource centers are open to the general public to the greatest extent practicable and schedule public showings of american films that showcase american culture, principles, values, and history and also section 215 has grants for international documentary exchange programs authorizing the secretary of state -- can i have 15 more seconds? mr. berman: i'm pleased to yield 15 seconds. the chair: the gentlewoman is recognized. ms. watson: to make grants to u.s. nongovernmental organizations that use documentary films to promote a better understanding of the united states abroad and to mo promote the understanding of other countries in the united states. the chair: the gentlewoman's time has expired. the gentlewoman from florida
continue trose serve. the gentleman from california. mr. berman: i'm pleased to yield one minute to the gentleman from new jersey, mr. holt, for purposes of a colloquy. the chair: the gentleman is recognized for one minute. mr. holt: i appreciate the hard work of chairman berman and the committee on this bill, i'd like to enter into a colloquy on the issue of science and diplomacy. i'm pleased to support h.r. 2410. it's a strong bill that accomplishes many good things. there's one area the bill does not address explicitly, the role science can play in our diplomatic portfolio. in his cre cent -- recent speech in cairo, the president reminded us the ideas that shape our world have sprung from every corner of the earth. distinct cultures can communicate, cooperate, and work together. science can advance our diplomatic goals and diplomacy can advance science for the
public good. i'm aware the chairman is working on this. i yield to the chairman. mr. berman: i thank the gentleman for yielding and i thank him for his suggestion. i agree completely that science constitutes an untapped -- an undertapped resource in america's diplomatic toolbox and i can assure the gentleman i'm committed to enhancing our capacity in this area, collaborating with him on this effort, including further legislation as well as a role in the foreign assistance reform process that we are working on. mr. holt: i thank the chairman and yield back my time. the chair: the gentleman's time has expired. the gentlewoman from florida continue trose serve. the gentleman from california. ms. ros-lehtinen: i would like to yield two minutes to the gentleman from indiana, mr. pence, oep
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