tv Key Capitol Hill Hearings CSPAN November 8, 2013 12:00pm-2:01pm EST
the technical assistance. but it's still not done. >> it still requires legislative action to change this to be signed into law. as we understand the law, we were not given any flexibility in implementing the time frames once we had the regulations done that the affordability study was not -- the increases were not dependent upon affordable study being done. it was written in such a way that it was all being done concurrent. >> you're saying it's on the legislature to act in order for this to be done the way it should be done. >> as i testified last time, we have not found any way to delay those implementations without at assistance of congress giving us the ability to suspend some of those increases until such time as an affordability study is done. >> we're rushing forward with this not knowing the impact that's going to have, not knowing if we've struck the right balance. that to me just seems a million
percent wrong and damaging. would you agree? >> i would agree that i've testified if we don't address affordability, our risk is we're not going to be able to move this program to a sound basis. we'll continue to subsidize risk being, encourage growth and development where we should be building that way. we're going put people out of their homes. so there is a balance that has to be struck between looking at at ad forrability but at affordability but not subsidizing risk at such a low rate we increase in our vulnerabilities. we have got to change how we're building. but it should not be at the expense of people in their homes, forcing them out. but understand that long term we have got to look at how do we build in coastal communities in such eh way that people's homes are not threatened every time we face a storm. >> i agree with you. but the frustrating thing for me is, you've got to know before you go. we're acting without having the knowledge base necessary to make sound decisions.
and we could end up with a situation profoundly devastating. >> if i could just make two points. this is an issue the administration raised when bigger waters was passed. in our statement of administration policy, we raised the fact that there was not an affordability provision that would allow us to protect folks. it's an issue we raised in the sandy task force report. and i just want to echo craig's point that this is something that we need to act on without undermining what is an important step forward in making the program snag doesn't encourage development in places. i think it's important we strike that balance. it's possible we could get some authority to start doing this even before the affordability study is done if we could work correctly with you to get the right legislation. >> i would agree. i know my colleagues from new york as well as the chairman probably would agree with that as well. thank you. >> thank you very much. let me add to that and then close this hearing.
we have a piece of legislation, as you know, that's pending. i'm hopeful that you have reviewed that legislation that would delay the implementation based on the affordability study done. i would ask if you have not given input on that, at least to this committee, you may have to individual members. i would greatly appreciate that. what you're experiencing, senator booker, is a piece of legislation that was not crafted well. it was crafted with a good intent, but there is pieces of the equation that was discovered after the fact that now we're trying to fix. the problem is the administration is bound by the law of what they must go through. if we went back in time, i bet there would be a different discussion going on knowing the facts we know today. but we are in this quandary. we a bill pending. senator mendezdez has one.
i'm a co-sponsor. the idea is to partially unwrap this to get us to the affordability study, get to an affordability of rates, and then deal with the rate structure because there has to be reform. i think the administrators made it very clear. and everyone knows this. we have to have reform but we have to get to the affordability and also the timetable. it's one of these pieces of legislation that when you look at it today, you go, why didn't we fill in the blank? now we're trying to fill in the blank but clock is work much faster for them to administer versus us legislatively. there is a pending bill. we're anxious to try to find a vehicle to move it. senate has a version. house has no version as far as we know right now. let me say for the record we'll stay open until november 21 for additional questions that members may have and submit to the committee. i do want to thank the panel. usually we break panels into two. but we thought because of all the uniqueness and experiences you all have, it was important to have you all at the table. thank you for being here. thank you for being part of this hearing. again, to senator booker and the other folks from new jersey and new york that were here, we will
have continued efforts to follow this and make sure we're on the right track with the expenditures and activity with sandy because i think it's a good learning opportunity to make sure we improve our system. thank you all for being here. i appreciate it. the committee is adjourned. captioning performed by the national captioning institute. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] >> the labor department said the economy added 200-4000 jobs last
month. also more jobs than had been expected were created in august and september. 7.3%obless rate went up to among because of laid off federal workers were temporarily counted as unemployed. a statement was issued, saying, the employment records shows offering accounts -- president obama will likely address the jobs numbers this in newon during a speech orleans. the remarks coming a day after the release of gdp numbers showing the economy grew 2.8% last quarter. you can see the president live p.m.span coming up at 1:10 also, we will hear from the stimson center.
live starting at 3:00 p.m. eastern on c-span. think of where you are on the political spectrum, we feel very fortunate and grateful that we live in the united eighth of america. it is a very unique place. if america was considered to be a product -- and we do sell our products overseas -- what is our brand? our brand is the constitution, the rule of law, and our values system. under that system, there is the notion of equal under the eyes of the law. valuethat brand and system is the ada and trying to elevate the rights of americans with disabilities. treaty, a law, the emotional and political arguments that are in favor of the treaty -- no one can disagree with these arguments. the question is, will the treaty
actually have the legal effect that is being proffered by the proponents of the treaty? we do not hear site patients to articles -- we do not hear citations of articles of the treaty's. we do not hear the kind of legal analysis that would be appropriate for analyzing the legal impact of this treaty. >> this weekend, more than 130 countries have ratified the united nations disabilities treaty, which failed to win senate approval in 2000 12. this week the senate took up the legislation again. tag --ow hundred underdogs can use that to their advantage. on american history tv, on a crowded sacramento street, two feet from president ford, squeaky fromm pulled the
trigger. hagel last week said he had directed the head of the national guard to get all 50 states in compliance with an august directive ordering the military to provide same-sex couples with the same benefits as straight couples in accordance with the supreme court ruling this number. he made marks at the anti- .efamation league's meeting [applause] >> thank you. thank you very much. thank you.
i'm grateful for an opportunity to spend a special evening with all of you, each of you. it is a privilege. it is a room, as i sat and listened, and had an opportunity to renew all old acquaintances, and make new friends. it is a room full of warmth, friendship, of love, but of purpose. i want to thank this institution for what you have done for this country and the world in the last 100 years. it is a unique, special, courageous institution. in a world that not often is about courage, it is about character.
as each individual's life is guided by those indispensable elements, character and courage. i thank you for what you are doing, what you have done, and what you continue to do. thank you for honoring my friend and my predecessor, leon panetta. i told -- you can clap. [applause] i told leon that i would be up on the stage soon, showering him with praise and glory. it is a regular thursday night occurrence for panetta. [laughter] just another thursday night he gets another award, another
recognition. in panetta's case, it is well deserved. that career that he has built, and the service he has provided for our country, is among the most unique and distinguished careers of modern public service. i really mean that. this is an appropriate recognition. [applause] i want to share with you, and i promise leon and other members of congress that it is brief. you hear that all the time. i recognize i still have some bad habits that i picked up. this will be some comments i wanted to share with all of you that i spent some time on. not that anything i am about to say is profound.
i'm incapable of that. nonetheless, i try. these are comments i do feel. i strongly believe. as i begin my comments, i want to share with you tonight, i want to acknowledge so many special people in the room. we will not be will to get to everyone tonight. one in particular who taught me about the adl, what it was doing, why it was important. that is bob, who is here tonight. as most of you know, bob directed the adl office for a number of years. my campaign in
nebraska, no one knew me. bob was the one of the first ones to come to see me. what does he believe, what's he about. on more than one occasion, i was a guest in his home, as he would gather different people, and i would try to convince them that i was the right person to support for united states senate. but i will never forget the hours i spent with bob and his generosity and thoughtfulness and his tutoring this fellow who wanted to be a united states senator who didn't really understand so much of the things that you have done over the years and why you're so important. so to bob, tonight, thank you, my friend. i am grateful. [applause]
as i have noted, your selection of leon panetta is, i think, very appropriate for 100 years, as you celebrate what you've done. and i can't think of a more appropriate public servant. throughout his career, he's embodied the adl's fight -- continued fight -- for justice, equality, and security. and the adl has been about that. your theme tonight, for your 100th anniversary, imagine a world without hate. that theme captures the hope and the possibilities of mankind. that hope and that sense of possibility is overflowing in this room tonight. you know that. but you also understand the realities that will always temper a certain amount of hope. but if we don't have hope,
there's not much left. and there is no goal more worthy or more noble than world peace, which you do and you're about. a world of respect -- respect and dignity for all people, all mankind, as noted on this stage by other speakers tonight. and although that may seem impossible, we must never ever quit trying. no organization has done more in pursuing this dream than the adl. it is who you are, it's your very fiber. year after year, decade after decade, you have fought against intolerance, prejudice, and injustice all over the world, including in america's armed forces. the department of defense is proud -- very proud -- to have worked with the adl to make our military more open, and more equal, and more just.
one example of this historic partnership is at the air force academy, where only a few years ago there were troubling accusations of religious intolerance and anti-semitism. that began to change when the local adl worked with leaders at the academy to create a special course on respect for religious freedom, which is now required for all cadets. going forward, we will continue to build on this relationship. we'll build on the relationship because there is so much more we have to learn from each other. both of our institutions are committed to strong national security, and both are committed to combating hatred and bigotry. the adl has never separated the two, for they are interconnected. you've shown that the strength of civil rights underpins strong national security. this balance has been the essence of leon panetta's
career. as strong as leon panetta is on security, he's always been just as strong on civil rights and equality. as the director of the u.s. office for civil rights, one of his first jobs in government, he pushed for equal education across the south. as a leading member of congress, chairman of the budget committee, and a white house chief of staff, he worked to advance civil rights everywhere. and as secretary of defense, he oversaw the repeal of don't ask, don't tell and opened combat positions for women. the balance between security and civil rights sends an important message to the world. and leon panetta has lived that message. at the department of defense, we work to preserve america's individual liberties as well as defend our national freedom.
when the supreme court issued its decision on the defense of marriage act this summer, the department of defense immediately began working on providing the same benefits to all eligible spouses, regardless of sexual orientation. we did it because everyone who serves our country in uniform, everyone in this country, should receive all the benefits they deserve and they've earned and in accordance with the law. everyone's rights must be protected. [applause] this means that all spouses of service members are entitled to dod i.d. cards, and the benefits that come with them. but several states today are refusing to issue these i.d.'s to same-sex spouses at national guard facilities. not only does this violate the states' obligations under
federal law, but their actions have created hardship and inequality by forcing couples to travel long distances to federal military bases to obtain the i.d. cards they're entitled to. this is wrong. it causes division among our ranks, and it furthers prejudice, which dod has fought to extinguish, as has the adl. today, i directed the chief of the national guard bureau, general frank grass, to take immediate action to remedy this situation. at my direction, he will meet with the adjutants general from the states where these i.d. cards are being declined and denied. the adjutants general will be expected to comply with both lawful direction and dod policy, in line with the practices of 45 other states and jurisdictions. whether they are responding to natural disasters here at home, in their states, or fighting in
afghanistan, our national guardsmen all wear the uniform of the united states of america. they are serving this country. they and their families are entitled to all the benefits and respect accorded to all of our military men and women. our people are the foundation of a ready and capable force. and that will always be. leon panetta knows this very, very well. he knows it as well as anyone in this room, that the core responsibility of any job of authority or accountability is people. this business is about people. hope, possibilities, peace, is about people. the adl is about people. the united states military is deeply respected by the american people because of the character, the determination, resilience, and courage of our men and women
in uniform. these men and women in uniform, as we know, have borne a heavy and constant burden since 9/11, along with their families. and their families often get forgotten in this business. families should never be forgotten. they are the anchor, they're the substance, they are the soul, they're the core, of who each of us are and what we each represent. yet as we wind down the second of two of america's longest wars, we continue to face a complicated and volatile and dangerous world. nowhere is this more apparent than in the middle east, where the united states and our allies are facing an unprecedented set of complex challenges. for israel, this shifting landscape has brought new threats and new dynamics. even as israel takes important steps toward peace and the two- state solution, these challenges remain on its borders. there are no margins for israel.
egypt's future remains uncertain. there is a humanitarian crisis in syria, along with disease and hunger compounding the scourge of sectarian violence and civil war. these challenges demand unprecedented cooperation between the united states and israel. israel's self-defense capabilities and its qualitative military edge are central to both israel and u.s. security interests. the united states has provided important support for israel's iron dome system, which has proven very successful in protecting israeli citizens. and earlier this year, the united states reached a historic agreement, an agreement to open up even more advanced military capabilities to israel. one of these capabilities is the v-22 osprey, a tilt-rotor aircraft that will greatly enhance the range and effectiveness of israeli special forces. tonight, i am pleased to
announce that we are working with the israeli government to provide them with six new v- 22's. i have directed the marine corps to make sure that this order is expedited. that means israel will get six v-22's out of the next order to go on the assembly line, and they will be compatible with other idf capabilities. the israeli and american defense relationship is stronger than ever. that isn't due just to where i am at my time. that's due to previous secretaries of defense -- panetta, gates, all the previous secretaries, this organization, the american people, our congress, past presidents -- we've all worked together to strengthen this relationship.
another area of our common security interests is preventing iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. [applause] the united states is presently testing iranian intentions for a diplomatic solution. as we engage iran along with our partners, we are very clear-eyed about the reality in the middle east. iran is a state sponsor of terror, responsible for spreading hatred and extremism throughout the region. but foreign policy is not a zero-sum game. if we can find ways to resolve disputes peacefully, we are wise to explore them. engagement is not appeasement, nor is it containment. we know what those are, we know where they lead, and we will not pursue them. and president obama has repeatedly made clear that words
are not enough. action must match words. we understand why this is so important to so many people. because we've all been to yad vashem. earlier this year, i had the opportunity to revisit yad vashem. i had been there before, but this time was special for, because i brought my son, ziller, with me. i wanted him to see the harsh realities of the depths of evil, and the beautiful tribute to the victims of the past. yad vashem is an instruction for future generations -- like all great memorials. a warning to never ever again stand idly by in the face of hatred and bigotry.
we know that ridding our world of hatred takes more than just work, imagination, and so on. it will always demand commitment, sacrifice, and courage. it demands that we must continue to march our armies of tolerance, equality, and justice around the globe. and it demands that we remember the timeless questions of rabbi hillel -- "if i am not for myself, who will be for me? if i am only for myself, what am i? and if not now, when?" as leon panetta often says, our future is not guaranteed. you've got work to do. you've got to work for your future, and your freedoms. and you have to fight for it. with the continued help and leadership of the adl, the people in this room, all across
appreciate. we have traveled a new road of respect, understanding, and dialogue, and i cherish our friendship and i cherish the fact that you are here tonight, not only to honor your friend and colleague, but also to honor our mission, our vision, and our hope. god bless and thank you very much. [applause] we have special relationship with law enforcement. one of the pieces of paper that i put away referenced in detail that special relationship.
most of you in the room know how we feel about law enforcement, sacrifices and what they mean to a fair and decent and respectful society. we are honored to have many partners of law enforcement and the military. please stand up so that we can all say thank you, thank you for all that you do to keep us safe, to keep our nation safe, and to help us achieve a world without hate. [applause] ok. the institute on terrorism and
extremism advances the fight against terrorism through education and advocacy by providing information and cutting-edge training to law enforcement communities. we're honored to have with us our good friend who established this institute to honor his late parents. before terrorism was a household word, alan gary had the foresight to help the adl provide our expertise on terrorism to law enforcement so they could do a better job of protecting us. we are very proud the service award has been presented to many distinguished law enforcement officials at the fbi, cia, u.s.
customs service. the list of prior recipients is in your program and i think you will agree it is an impressive roster of great americans. tonight, as you heard, we honor leon panetta, who has given much of his life to public service and has left an indelible mark in the fight against terrorism and extremism. history will probably remember him as the director of the central intelligence agency who launched a successful operation to bring osama bin laden to justice. as secretary of defense, he kept his commitment to keep america strong while working to end america's involvement in iraq and transition and exit from afghanistan. under his stewardship,
cooperation between the united states and israel to face common and security and defense challenges, it grew to and unprecedented level. leon panetta has been there reaching out to consult with israel on terrorist threats and to ensure israel's military superiority. we are especially proud that his early fact-finding trips to israel was in adl mission in 1991 together with some legislators who went on to assume pivotal leadership roles. if you look closely at the screen, you will see him with two other little-known and
members of congress, nancy pelosi and chuck schumer. we honor him tonight not only for protecting america's security, but for being a warrior in the fight for american ideals and the american dream. leon panetta has lived that american dream and exemplified those ideals. he is the son of immigrants who witnessed firsthand the bigotry that targeted italian-americans and he overcame the taunts and the stereotypes to achieve elected office and to assume the most powerful roles in the executive branch of government. in the nixon administration, he led a memorable battle for school integration.
he faced down a government intent on trying to stop busing despite a unanimous supreme court decision that schools must be integrated. leon made a gut-level decision and chose to stand up for what he thought was right. in spite of the risks to his own career. that story did not end well for him. he was forced to resign. secretary panetta led the pentagon's repeal of don't ask don't tell policy, which had barred gays and lesbians from serving openly. he made history by extending military benefits to same-sex couples. one of his final acts before leaving the pentagon was to rescind the ban on women serving in combat.
this removed the last vestige of rules barring service women from serving in combat and it paved the way for the largest expansion of their role on the front lines. leon panetta, who served president nixon, president clinton, and president obama. he does not bend or yield to cynicism. he is faithful to his job and to sound governance. he and his wife have created the panetta institute at stanford and are now devoted to teaching the next generation that public service is a high calling, that civility and integrity matter in
democracy. as an organization committed to protecting america's securities, we can think of no better honoree but the man who presided over the attack and disruption of al qaeda, but who shepherded the changes to civil rights and opportunities here at home. for his leadership and commitment to protecting america's security and preserving america's highest ideals, we are pleased and proud to present the 2013 centennial present the 2013 centennial institute service award to leon panetta. i would like to ask alan gary to join me at the podium and also secretary hagel. [applause] [applause]
thank you very, very, very much. this is really a great honor, a wonderful honor from a wonderful group on this 100th anniversary. i cannot tell you how much i deeply appreciate your honoring me. i want to thank alan gary for creating this award in honor of his parents. i would also like to thank my buddy abe foxman and stacy burdette and the staff of adl. abe, you have done so much for our country and for our world to teach us to live in a world without bigotry and without hatred. in my book, you are a national treasure. you are an american patriot, and i am am honored to be here with you tonight. [applause] i am also honored to be back in
new york city. this has a lot of special meaning for me. my parents came through this town. my grandfather as well came here, bought some property in brooklyn. i do not know what the hell ever happened to that. [laughter] i served as an assistant to the mayor of new york city, john lindsay. i spent some time working in the city and getting to know it. i worked very closely with the delegation both on the senate side as well as on the house side. i also served on the board of the new york stock exchange. i have had an awful lot of relationships in the city. i am also honored to be here with my successor at the pentagon, secretary of defense chuck hagel.
he is a good friend and somebody who i think really has greatly served this country. [applause] chuck, one thing i have always been proud of is having a good sense of timing when to get the hell out of washington. [laughter] i have never in 50 years of public service seen so many people dedicated to screwing things up. [laughter] [applause] every time i look at what is happening there, i keep thinking of the story that a good friend in congress once told.
we were doing a budget summit. one of the first budget summits during the reagan administration, democrats and republicans sitting in a room. it was tough. all of the tough issues were on the table, entitlements, discretionary spending, taxes. it was not easy, but we stayed there. we had to stay in the room and not leave until we got a deal. every time we were close to a deal, someone would get out and walk out. i am sick and tired of this. this reminds me of a story of the three missionaries, the british, the french, and the italian missionaries who were in a very uncivilized part of the world and they were making their way down this uncivilized river in their little boat and the
boat tipped over and they made it to shore only to fall into the hands of the cannibal tribe. you have a choice. you can either take your own lives or jump into this pot of boiling water. either way, we will use your skins for our canoes. the british missionary took out his knife and plunged it into his heart and said "god save the queen." the french missionary took out his knife and slit his wrist and said, "viva la france." the italian started punching himself in the stomach and chest and achieve said, what are you doing? "i am trying to screw up your canoe." [laughter] there are a lot people trying to screw up the canoe. i know trying to work and keep
the defense department focused in dealing with 3 million americans who serve courageously in that department, i know they count on your leadership and you are doing an outstanding job under very difficult circumstances. 100 years. i'm honored by the purpose of the anti-defamation league to fight discrimination and hatred, and fight for equality and equal justice. this country was founded on the principles. the adl reminds us of the very purpose of our democracy and that makes all of you great american patriots. [applause] i think i first learned about
the adl when i was in congress and had the opportunity to be able to learn about it. i stayed with several members of congress, those of us who stayed in washington. we stayed together. i think it's fair to say it was animal house on capitol hill. [laughter] one of the members as pointed out in the photograph was chuck schumer, someone you all know and has a tremendous passion for israel. we slept up the bottom of the house in the living room area and we made a bed. i tried to get him to say a hail mary and he made me say the shema. we tried to cover all the bases and we did.
i learned a lot from him. the reason i guess i particularly appreciate the work you do is because i am the son of immigrants. most of your the son, daughter, grandchildren of immigrants. that story we know well. my parents came to this country in the early 1930's. we had very little money, knew very little english, few skills. they came through ellis island and managed to make their way to my hometown of monterey. why did he travel all of that
distance leaving poverty in the area of italy they came from? why would you leave all that to come to a strange land? my father said to me, it was because your mother and i believed we could give our children a better life. that is the american dream. that is what we want for our children and hopefully our children will want for theirs. dreams are just dreams. as my father used to say, unless you are willing to work for it and sacrifice, unless you are willing to take risk and willing to fight for what you believe in. those are the values that they passed on to me. they had to make their way in a strange society.
my dad decided to start a restaurant in downtown monterey during the war years, tough times. my parents believed that child labor was a requirement. after the war, this'll the the restaurant, moved out and we continue to reside there. they had a walnut orchard and were used to be underneath collecting the walnuts. when i got elected to congress my father said i had been well- trained to go to washington because i had been dodging nuts all my life. [laughter] the values from my parents, hard work, sacrifice, commitment, dedication, fighting for what you want to achieve, those are
what made america great. those who are willing to respond to the trumpet, to the call to service that helps preserve our democracy for the future. this dinner in many ways honors people who have answered the basic call a public service. you have been asked to serve your community with your philanthropy and, more importantly, with your time, your commitment, with your energy. tonight, as i accept this award, i would like to share it with all of those who have served with me in my different capacities because it is their service and their commitment
that made whatever i was able to achieve happen. my own personal commitment to public service was from my parents who said i and my brothers owed something back to the country for what they had given them. two years in the army, learning what it meant to be willing to sacrifice in order to accomplish a difficult mission. and the young president who said, ask not what this country can do for you but what you can do for this country. that is what inspired me and it's why i went back to washington as a young legislative assistant. ultimately, the reason i headed up the u.s. office for civil
rights -- it was tough desegregating schools in the south was not easy. the people in the office for civil rights were dedicated to a comp showing the task of giving kids an equal education. at the time, -- dedicated to accomplishing the task of giving kids an equal education. they said they were going to back off of strong civil rights enforcement. i had to make a decision. do i uphold the law or back off of my principles? do i fight for what i believe in or do i sacrifice my job? i lost my job. but i have never regretted the decision of standing for what you believe in. [applause]
i went back to monterey and public service was still in my veins, so i ran for congress and served eight terms in the congress. it was a different congress. speaker tip o'neill, bob michel, people we just honored tom foley the other day, speaker and a majority leader. republicans and democrats worked together. they worked together to try to solve the problems facing this country. yes, they had their differences. yes, they had their politics. but when it came to issues affecting the country, they worked together for the common good, and that's the way our democracy should work. [applause] president clinton asked me then
to take over the office of management and budget. the good people there helped work with me and president to develop the clinton economic plan. as a result of that and as a result of the work that was done on budget summits and agreements, we ultimately balanced the federal budget. remember that? we balanced a federal budget, and it was done because people were willing to work together to be able to accomplish that. when i returned to monterey after that service, my wife and i started the panetta institute because we wanted to inspire young people to get into public life and public service. that's the heart and soul of our democracy. in 2009, the trumpet sounded again for me. president obama asked if i would consider running the cia. i have to be honest with you.
i was reluctant at first but then i looked at the challenges we were facing in this nation. two wars, the war on terrorism after 9/11, the al qaeda leadership, hiding in pakistan, continuing to spread their influence and their effort to try to attack this country, iran, north korea, their nuclear programs were moving forward. again, i came back to federal service and returned to washington. the cia had two major objectives. one was to restore the credibility of that agency that had been badly damaged, and that is what the president asked me to do. second was to disrupt, dismantle, and ultimately defeat the terrorists who attacked this country on 9/11. the cia is made up of professionals.
they are not republican. they are not democrats. they are not political. they are good public servants, good americans, who come to work every day looking to do what's best for this country to keep america safe, to keep america safe. that's the key. that's the key to what the cia and intelligence agencies are all about. the president also asked that i go after bin laden. at that time, the trail was pretty cold. we had a team at langley responsible for the mission and i asked for weekly updates. fall 2009, we learned how difficult it would be in the struggle to try to find bin
laden and his leadership. we had a lead on number two, al-zawahiri. we had an asset and we were going to meet along the afghanistan-pakistan border. we were going to meet with him, a doctor who said he could lead us to al-zawahiri. on december 30, that asset arrived at the base and just after getting out of the car, within 30 feet, the asset detonated an explosive vest with ball bearings that tore through the compound and through the agents that were there. he was a double agent and had lured our officers into a deadly trap. it killed seven agents.
i met the caskets when they arrived at dover air base. it was a bitterly cold january day and we stood at attention as the seven flag-draped coffins were loaded off of a c-17. those are the kind of people who gave their lives in order to protect this country, and it gave us the inspiration to do everything we could to go after bin laden. finally, we got the break that we wanted and the team followed a group of couriers. we found this compound in abbottabad, eight times larger than anything in the area, 12 foot high walls, seven foot high on the third level.
residents who never left, had the telephone, conducted themselves in highly secure ways, a mysterious family living on the third floor. after a great deal of surveillance, we came to the conclusion that there was a strong possibility that bin laden was there. i can remember when the president went around the room and ask whether or not we ought to conduct that operation. i said i have a very simple test, mr. president, i have often used in politics. ask the average citizen. if you knew what i do about the intelligence on bin laden, that this was the best intelligence we had a sense tora bora, what would you do? i think the average american would want us to conduct that operation. the president, to his credit, said we should. the mission was a go.
two dozen of our best went in and conducted that operation with great skill and great determination. they sent a message to the world that nobody attacked the united states of america and gets away with it. [applause] frankly, i thought it was time to get the hell out and go back home. again, the president asked that i would serve as secretary of defense. 3 million people, 2 million in uniform, huge bureaucracy, but very dedicated people and we want to keep america safe. we were able to accomplish a great deal bringing the drawdown in afghanistan, working with our nato allies to get rid of gaddafi. we implemented unprecedented sanctions and pressure on iran
uniting the world against the nuclear ambitions in making clear that they must not close the strait of hormuz and not developing nuclear weapons. as chuck said, we clearly should negotiate about whether they are serious. we have to maintain a healthy skepticism. it is the supreme leader that is the key -- the supreme leader. they are not likely to agree to give up enrichment. therefore, we must remain strong. we must remain consistent that they must never, never be able
to develop a nuclear weapons and that we may very well have to use military force to back up our policy. [applause] and we worked together to make sure that everyone would have the opportunity to serve in our military. that's what this military is about, giving everyone the opportunity to serve when they want to, men, women, regardless of sexual orientation, people who want to serve this country ought to have the opportunity to serve it in uniform and they do now. [applause] and we strengthen our alliance with israel. as chuck said, we continue to support israel. i made that first trip in 1991 when hundreds of thousands of
jews from the soviet union were fulfilling the dream to live a more free and prosperous life. as director of cia and director of defense, i believe deeply in our obligation to maintain close ties with israel so that we could confront our common enemies together. working closely with moussaud, ehud barak, and others. over the course of time, we did everything we could to make sure that they would have the wherewithal to be able to provide for its security. we have no better friend, no better ally in the world they on israel.
[applause] my fear today, and i will share with you, is that i sense that whether it is out of exhaustion over the last 10 years or fear of being embroiled in another conflict, there is a growing mood of isolationism in this country. the fact is that this remains a very dangerous world. we are fighting a war. we continue to confront terrorism. there are now nodes in yemen, somalia, mali, through north africa. we continue to have a threat from north korea as they test nuclear weapons. we have stability and fragility across the middle east. we have rising powers that pose unique challenges, like russia,
that continue to challenge our policies. we are witnessing a new battlefront and warfare called cyber and i do believe that cyber could very well be the pearl harbor of the future so we need to protect ourselves from that as well. all of this happens at a time when we are imperiled by the gridlock in washington. this is a time when we must maintain our military strength as a world leader. we cannot retreat from the responsibilities that the united
states has in the world of today. [applause] i will tell you something. if you ask us when our biggest threat to national security is today, it is not being able to come together to deal with the station's problems. [applause] this gridlock imperils our national security. let me tell you. chuck knows this firsthand. as a result of sequester, as a result of the shutdown, we are hurting our military readiness in this country. we're making it much more difficult to respond to a major crisis outside of the war zones. the shutdowns and the threats to financially default this country have sent a message of weakness
to the world. it could be avoided if our leaders came together and made compromises necessary to govern the country. in my 50 years of public service, i've seen washington at its best and washington at its worst. but even though i see a washington that is dysfunctional today, i've also seen it work. republicans and democrats coming together to protect our country. i believe it can happen again but our leaders have to be willing to take risks. the real strength of america, the real strength, lies and the american people, lies in those men and women in uniform who are
willing to put their lives on the line in order to protect this country. that is where the real strength of america lies. [applause] let me end by telling you the story of one family that took the risk i just talked about. january of 2012, afghanistan, third battalion, sergeant first class benjamin wise, an army ranger on his fourth deployment struck by enemy fire and he died several days later in germany. he left behind a wife, two sons and a daughter. as was my practice, and one of the toughest things we do as secretary of defense, is to write a handwritten note to the parents of those who have lost loved ones. what made this letter different
as i realized it was the second time i had written to this family. then the brother, jeremy, was one of the seven cia officers who died at the bombing in december 2009. these are the families sacrificing for our country. if they are willing to make the ultimate sacrifice, to fight and die in order to protect this country, surely our political leaders can find a little bit of that courage in order to govern this nation. [applause] a few months after i visited the base, i remember that on the
wall was a verse from the old testament from the prophet isaiah that they had up on a plaque. the saying is this. and then i heard the voice of the lord saying, whom shall i send? who will go for us? and then i said, here i am. send me. in hebrew also, send me. that is the call of the trumpet, the call to service. it is the timeless call to serve and sacrifice and it binds us in a very sacred mission. the adl as lead that mission and i want to thank you from the bottom of my heart, not just for
this award but for what you do in fighting discrimination so that in immigrant kid from monterey could grow up, live the american dream, be secretary of defense for the greatest country the world has ever known. thank you all for what you have done for america and for the world these past 100 years. god bless this country and god bless all of you. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] by pictures this afternoon from the port of new orleans as president obama is scheduled to
make remarks on jobs and the economy. we are expecting the president to acknowledge today's jobs numbers released by the labor department showing a slight increase in unemployment. speaking right now is second term congressman richmond who represents the second district. >> we are talking about something that has national implications for the 30 states that border the mississippi river in the three canadian provinces. it makes a difference. that thebout the state country is and and a lot of people are making noise about the debt and deficit. the responsible way to cut down the deficit and reduce our debt into make smart investments local communities and in infrastructure. for every one dollar we spend on the mississippi drudging so that we are ready for the panama canal expansion, every dollar we spend, we will get a return of
$89. that's a we grow this country. this is how we get this country back in economic prosperity. to havehy i'm so happy a president and a secretary of transportation who understand it. secretary lahood was great to louisiana, great to new orleans, great to jefferson parish. i have every confidence that are new secretary of transportation will be even better to us. the secretaryfrom who comes from being a mayor, so he understands the impact on growing communities. if you look at the development along the streetcar line, you will see how it can transform a neighborhood and community and make it easier to get to work.
once again, i want to think the president and his entire administration for their dedication to louisiana, dedication to new orleans. louisiana mayn not be singing our president praises, he is always singing hours. here's always committed -- singing ours. he's always committed. every time i have seen the president since he was elected his question is always, how is everybody doing in louisiana? house the recovery going? overd a chance on the way to talk about flood insurance because i know that's a very big issue. number one priority and we are working on fixing it through congress and we will continue to do that. the prospects are good. we understand that homeownership leadershiple against
it's great to be with you this afternoon. it's an honor to be here with president obama, governor jindal , representative richmond. my great friend mary landrieu -- landrieu. we are here to talk about how important the mayor of the word lens is to the city, the state, and the entire country. i know all of you agree. how much of a vital life led this is not only for the city and state before the whole country. as a department of transportation, we get it. we know firsthand the role it plays in moving our economy forward. this fall, president obama, vice , and i havee biden
traveled to several of america's great torts -- ports. baltimore, charleston, jacksonville, savannah. you might say we have saved the best for last. these are all around a central point. america is a maritime nation. [applause] different but they all have one thing in common. these ports are keeping america's economy moving. this includes american companies that ship cargo worth more than
$5.5 billion through u.s. ports every day. 75% of our nation's exports travel through u.s. seaports. port activity supports 13 million jobs nationwide. president obama and vice president biden know this. that is why this administration has invested in maritime transportation like no one before. that's why we gave the port of new orleans a $60 million tiger ground to rebuild the rail yards the wheezy and a terminal. [applause] louisiana terminal. i realizing the tracks, they will be able to increase efficiency and make moving good safer, cheaper, more sustainable.
that's good news for business. to ship au are trying refrigerator, an ipad, or you are a customer waiting on one of those things to arrive. that's just one of the projects. the last five years, we have used the tiger program to direct $417 million the project in 33 ports large and small, inland and coastal. for all of these workers out here in new orleans. let's give them a round of applause for the good things that they do. [applause] folks, these are the kinds of investments that we should be making more of all across the united states. this is why the president has called on us to ensure a
stronger transportation system for future generations. this is why we are here today. will continue working to support critical transportation infrastructure like this port in the future. to thank you, no word lens, per having the vision for this great port -- thank you, orleans, for having the vision. i want to thank the businesses who move goods out of here. with your help, we are going to help move freight in america much more efficiently, much more safely, and much more sustainably. we are going to ensure that the manufacturing jobs of the future are created right here at home as the words "made in america" continue to ring true all across the country. [applause]
>> again, waiting on remarks from president obama and new orleans the sack at noon. the president is a few moments away. while we wait for my we will go back to this morning's washington journal on a discussion on u.s. fertility patterns. we are looking and u.s. fertility rates and what it means for public policy. joining us, mark with the population reference bureau. he is the vice president. and stephanie ventura with the cdc national center for health statistics. stephanie, let's start with you and this chart that your organization has put together. the kinds in u.s. birth slowing in 2012, the first birth rate steeply for teens down for all women and unmarried
mothers are likely to be older and cohabitate. what is the trend for utility rates right now? is a big decline in 2007 and 2012. most of that occurring by 2010. it slowed down in 2010-2000 12. it seems to have stabilized. we don't have any data yet. it's across the board. why the slowdown between 2007 and 2012? some people have ascribed to the economic situation after 2007 and people just decided that they might postpone buying a house. host: what is the effect of the
birthrate right now in the u.s.? guest: the u.s. population is growing so rapidly. we are waiting to see if the and there would be more important implications for entitlement programs, labor force and other types of things. host: do you favor slow population growth? guest: we are not an advocacy group so we do not take a stand. population growth that is very rapid or a rapidly declining population, those types of changes can create an imbalance. in general, we do not take a stance on whether these are good or bad.
host: women were having an average of 3.8 children per american woman. correct? with at is 1.9 children replacement level of 2.1. guest: it is how many babies an individual woman has to have for the populace and to replace itself. is 2.1 because some baby girls do not live to become mothers and others don't have any children. so it's a mathematical formula. right now we are at 1.9, very close to the replacement level, but way down from the peak in
1957 of 3.8. the fact that we are not replacing people born in the u.s. at the same level, is there a public policy implication? the 2.1 is a magical number four demographer. when you compare it to other countries, it is still relatively high. there are lots of countries in italy.like to germany, there are lots of places where in eastern europe especially, very low. the fertility rate in the u.s. is still relatively high but as i said, if that continues in the long term, we could see some real impact of that.
if you think about entitlement programs, those are the two big ones, those are concerned that of theseot have all baby boomers retiring and if we have enough people to focus on those jobs that they are leaving. will he have enough consumers to buy all the goods being produced and the tax base affected also. host: birth rate for teens down sharply. 1000 women rate her aged 15-19. 50 berths forer women aged 15-19. it dropped to below 30. guest: lower than that, 24. was 1957. the rates were dropping pretty much after the introduction of the pill and then the
legalization of abortion in 1973. in the meantime in the late 1980's there was a big increase which got a lot of people's attention because it was against the grain of what groups were doing. a lot of programs were started. as a result, after 1991, the teen birth rate has fallen pretty steadily for first berths and all births. host: has the issue of abortion and the pill, have those been the overriding factors in why the teen birth rate is going down, and contraception in general, the availability? re guest: it seems to be an increase in contraceptive use and an increased rate in working contraception. despite the fact many teens are delaying sexual activity until
later ages and those things in combination especially in recent years seems to be driving that down. guest: and the use of dual methods, not just one method of contraception so it's very effective. they're using very effective method. host: mark mather with the teen rate going down, has this affected public policy or programs, social programs? guest: well, it's great news because teen births is a major social problem i think in the united states. that's one of the areas where kids born to teen moms, they tend to have much higher poverty rates, health problems. they're more likely to become teen parents themselves. the fact it's declining is good news. but again, if you compare the u.s. with other countries, we still have a very high rate so there's a lot more work to do. >> hello, everyone.
>> hello. >> hello, everyone. >> hello. >> my name is nancy richards ended is my pleasure to welcome you all to the port of new orleans. i have worked at the port for over 25 years. this is a story that touched on so much that i would like to share with you guys. day i got hired here at , i signed on my home. years here at5 the port of new orleans and guess what? at the same time, i finished my mortgage. [laughter] [applause]
i thank god each day for my employment here at the port. and i amthree children blessed to be able to provide for them. after 25 years, i still think each day as i walk around the getting ready for my church choir. it is now my pleasure and the youst honor to introduce to the 44th president of the united states of america, president or rock obama. -- barack obama.
especially happy for my staff. they love coming to know were the ones but they did schedule the event early. i figured there is a limit to how much trouble they can get into. i figured they could not get over to bourbon street if we did a daytime event. i know a probably a couple of my staff are lsu fans. i would not mind staying for the game tomorrow night. i know we have the president here. i just saw him a minute ago. i wished him all the best. i also went to a knowledge couple of other people who are here. we have your governor, bobby jindal. [applause] ofhave the secretary transportation, anthony fox, here. [applause]
we have cedric richmond, your outstanding congressman. [applause] bunch oft down a whole his colleagues from the congressional black caucus for some important work they are doing, not that they will enjoy themselves at all while they are here. you have limited best mayors in the country in mitch landrieu. [applause] -- you have one of the best mayors. with yourw down senator who, by karen said it, has the same name -- mary landrieu. coincidence, has the same name. no one is a tougher advocate on behalf of the working people of louisiana van mary landrieu. we are very proud of the work that she does. [applause]
they showed me around the port. this -- by the way, i noticed a few people are standing up. if you don't have a seat, keep on standing. i don't want you hurting yourself. this is one of the busiest port complexes in the entire world. steel, chemicals, fuel, food. handlefound out you also a lot of the country's coffee which mean you are responsible for keeping the white house awake at all times. [laughter] we have some coffee folks here. in so many ways this is
representative what we do all of the country. you help keep our economy growing, moving products, moving people. making sure is nice is moving. you have week coming down from my home state of illinois ending up here and then going all around the world and its art of the reason why we have been able to increase export so rapidly. we have some of the best natural resources and waterways and facilities in the world. growing our economy, helping middle-class families regain a sense of stability so they can find good jobs, make sure their kids do even better than they did, that has always been what america is about. too many people feel that senses slipping away. my driving focus has been to of security.sense
it should be the focus of washington regardless of hardy. that's what everyone in washington should be thinking about everyday. i just want to offer a couple of ideas on what we could do to help our economy right now. the good news is over the past few months our businesses have created 7.8 million new jobs. some the took office, we have cut the deficit in half. [applause] that's right. by the way, you would not know this listening to folks on tv, but the deficits are going down. they are not going up. have been cut in half. over the past three years, healthcare costs rising at the slowest pace on record. exports are all up. the american auto industry is
for writing back. we have a lot more work to do. what we should start doing, the first thing, is to stop doing things that undermine our ofiness and economy manufactured crises that have been coming out of washington. we learned over the summer that we grew at the fastest pace in a year. the very day the economic they threaten to default on american obligations for the first time in more than 200 years. every time they are just about to take off, somebody tapped the brakes and says -- not so fast.
[laughter] our businesses are resilient. we have great workers. as a consequence we added 200,000 new jobs last month but there is no question that the shutdown harmed our jobs market. the unemployment rate still moving up. we do not know all of the data for the second quarter but it could be down because of what happened in washington. that makes no sense. the self-inflicted wounds don't have to happen. they should not happen again. we should not be injuring ourselves every few months. we should be investing in ourselves. we should be building, not tearing down. than fighting the same battles again and again, we should be fighting to make sure everyone who works hard in chance, that they have a to get ahead.
that is what we should be focusing on. [applause] of theings me to one reasons why i'm here at this port. we should be focusing on helping businesses sell more product to the rest of the world and the only way the products get out is like this.ts right now, exports is one of the brightest spots in our economy thanks in part to a new trade deal we signed with countries like panama, colombia, south korea. we now export more goods and services than ever before and that means jobs right here in the united states of america. supported jobs right here in this port. trade working on new deals, more jobs for more workers, more businesses. by the way, i will go anywhere in the world to make sure that those products are stamped with
the words "made in america" on those markets are opened up so we can sell them anywhere. [applause] growng american businesses , creating more jobs, these are not democratic or republican writer at ease. they are priorities for everyone regardless of party should be able to get behind. addition to in helping congress grow exports, i put forward additional ideas where i believe democrats and republicans can come together to create progress right now. number one -- congress needs to pass the farm bill that helps rural communities grow and help vulnerable americans. for decades, congress found a way to compromise and pass the farm bill without fuss. for some reason, now congress can't even get that done. this is not something that just benefits farmers.
ports like this one depend on all of the products coming down the mississippi. do the right thing. pass the farm bill so we can sell more products, create more business for this port, and that means more jobs right here. [applause] should fix our broken immigration system. [applause] good front national security but it would also be good for our economic security. , itthe next two decades would grow our economy by $1.4 trillion and shrink our deficit by nearly $1 trillion. this should not be a partisan issue. congress this almost a decade ago. i joined 23 of my republican colleagues to back those reforms. year, the senate has
already passed a bill with broad bipartisan support. all we are doing now is waiting for the house to act. i don't know what the holdup is. reason. toe's a good do it, i have not heard of. there's no reason both parties cannot come together and get it done this year. get it done this year. [applause] democrats and republicans should work together on a responsible budget that sets america on a stronger course for the future. we should not get caught up in the same old fights. we should not just cut things for the sake of cutting them. deficit?ppening in the they are going down. they are shrinking. they are falling faster than they have in 60 years. all we have to do now is do what america has always done, make wise investments in our people and in our country. it would help us grow over the long term.
we should close wasteful tax loopholes that don't help our ,obs, don't grow our economy and then invest that money in things that actually do grow our economy. that create jobs and it helps in theple to work construction phase and the infrastructure and to help people move forward. this helps us grow. a great job at improving education here in new orleans. that's the kind of investment we should be making.
that will take root and grow where ever the there is the fastest most reliable network. they can go anywhere. inna is investing infrastructure. europe is investing a lot in infrastructure. brazil is investing a lot in infrastructure. what are we doing? we are doing some good things locally here. tryingdium the city are to do some work but nationally we are falling behind. .e rely on old stuff i don't think we should have this old stuff. we should have new stuff. we should keep pace with global competition. that is one of the fastest ways to create good jobs. a few years from now, we will have new supertankers that will start coming to the panama canal.
they will go unload cargo somewhere else. there is work we can do in terms of dredging and making it deeper which means the supertankers can have more stuff on them which means they can load and unload more stuff which makes this port more competitive. why would we not put people to work upgrading them? why would we not? one and nine is structurally deficient. our highways are congested. so is our airspace. everyone sitting on a tarmac wondering why it is they are not taking off and getting
aggravated when you fly someplace, we have this antiquated air traffic control system. we need the next generation air traffic control system that would reduce the time to travel, reduce delays, reduce fuel costs, and reduces pollution in the sky. we know how to do it. we just haven't done it. it's just smart to go ahead and do it. it is something we should be able to agree on across the political spectrum. anyone who says we cannot pay for these things needs to realize we are already paying for them. i'll give you an example. a lot of trucking companies reroute their shipments so they are going longer than they need to.
that costs them money. you are paying for it. those costs then get passed on to consumers. the sooner we take care of business the better. if it's something both parties wanted a smart infrastructure projects that create good jobs in their district. i took the step, without congress, to speed up the permitting. cut through the red tape. it could be part of a bipartisan budget deal. i tried to break some of the arguments, creating grand bargain. we would simplify the tax code,
close some wasteful tax loopholes. lower tax rates to create jobs here in the united states and use some of the money we saved by switching to a smarter tax what they neede here in america. it's a pretty sensible deal. if we take that step we can modernize the air traffic control system. we could modernize power grids and pipelines to survive storms. we could modernize our schools to prepare our kids for jobs in the future. toernize our ports accommodate the new ships. they used to be a broad consensus that these things were important to our economy. we have to move forward.
it does not mean that there will not be disagreements but let's work on the things that we agree on. i'm going to make one last point, one area where we have not made much bipartisan progress, at least not as much as we like, fixing our broken health care system. [applause] knowing himis cause is hard. there was a reason no one other president had done it, to make sure every american has access to quality, affordable health care and make sure no american ever again has to fear that one illness is going to bankrupt them. doneork that we've already has health care costs rising at the slowest pace on record. their growing at about one third at the rate they were one decade ago and we want that trend to continue.
we have put in place a system, a marketplace, where people can get affordable health care. no one has been more frustrated. go in and fix it myself but i don't write code. to every american with a pre- existing condition waiting for the data could be covered like everyone else, for folks who could not afford to buy their own insurance because they don't get it on the job, we are going to fix the website. the insurance plans are there. they are good. millions of americans are finding they will get better coverage for less cost and is the right and to do. [applause] i know health care is
controversial. it is only going to be so much support we get on a partisan basis until it's working really well and then they will stop calling it obamacare. [applause] they will call it something else. one thing the affordable care act does is allow states to expand medicare to cover more of their citizens. that would benefit about 265,000 people in louisiana. arkansas has taken this up and covering 14% of their uninsured. republican governors are doing it to.
they have reduced the number of uninsured by about 10%. some of these people oppose obamacare but they did support helping the citizens who can't get coverage. ,e want to work with everybody mayor, governor, whoever that wants to work with us here in louisiana to make sure that even if they do not support the overall plan with the least go ahead and make sure that those who cannot get it through expanded medicaid, let's go ahead and made sure they do. it's the right thing to do. [applause] i've said this before. people don't fully appreciate it.
hospitals have to take sick people in the emergency rooms. they just will not leave them on the streets. people who are sick wait until the very last minute and it's much more expensive to treat them in hospitals have to figure out how to get their money back. cost for everyone else by about $1000 per family. as a consequence, you are already paying a hidden tax for a broken healthcare system. community hospitals struggle to cover the uninsured when they get sick so it's the right thing to do for the health of our economy as a whole. is a practical, pragmatic reason to do it that has nothing to do with objects or ideology. that are working together, democrats and republicans, the better off we will be. bottom line, new orleans, we can
work together to do these things. we did not become the greatest nation by chance. we have some really nice real estate here in the united states. had were people, despite their differences, we come from everywhere, look different, different traditions, we understand that this country works best when we work together. we decided to do what is necessary for businesses and families to succeed. if we did it in the past we can do it again. let's make sure we have the best ports, roads, bridges. let's make sure our young people .re getting a great education let's give everyone a chance to get ahead. if we help our communities
thrive and their children reach higher, our economy will grow faster. we will regrow the middle class stronger. it will be an american dream achievable for everyone for decades to come. that is what we are fighting for. that is what you are all about here at the sports and here in new orleans. i'm looking forward -- you here at this port. i'm looking forward to working with you. god bless you. god bless the united states of america. [applause] [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2013] [captioning performed by national captioning institute] stripes forever"] ♪ ♪ ♪